CN206389791U - A kind of fruit harvesting device - Google Patents

A kind of fruit harvesting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206389791U
CN206389791U CN201621329205.5U CN201621329205U CN206389791U CN 206389791 U CN206389791 U CN 206389791U CN 201621329205 U CN201621329205 U CN 201621329205U CN 206389791 U CN206389791 U CN 206389791U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
harvesting
fruit
expansion link
rod
claw
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201621329205.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
上官金辉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shaanxi Sesame Seeds Intellectual Property Management Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shaanxi Sesame Seeds Intellectual Property Management Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shaanxi Sesame Seeds Intellectual Property Management Co Ltd filed Critical Shaanxi Sesame Seeds Intellectual Property Management Co Ltd
Priority to CN201621329205.5U priority Critical patent/CN206389791U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206389791U publication Critical patent/CN206389791U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, specifically related to a kind of fruit harvesting device, a kind of fruit harvesting device, the connecting rod is provided with expansion link and driving coil, the connecting rod has the inner chamber for placing expansion link, and the expansion link passes through the center of driving coil, and one end of the expansion link is connected with harvesting seat, the other end of the expansion link is fixed on the inwall of connecting rod, the outer wall connection of the driving coil and connecting rod;Claw and be fixed on the pulley harvested on seat that the harvesting seat is fixedly connected provided with harvesting head, with harvesting head, the cavity for accommodating fruit is formed after the claw closure.The utility model controls the folding of claw by the clamping and relaxation of handle, it is simple to operate, pluck fruit accurate and flexible, this collector efficiently solves the fatigue inconvenience that orchard worker produces by upper terraced or upper tree, while being greatly reduced the potential safety hazard of orchard worker, makes orchard worker's safe ready when plucking fruit.

Description

A kind of fruit harvesting device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, and in particular to a kind of fruit harvesting device.
Background technology
In the fruit recovery operations of citrus or apple etc, in order to not make fruit be collided with damage, mostly using passing The artificial harvesting of system, operating personnel holds the fruit that need to be harvested on the other hand, and another hand is cut fruit from tree by scissors, Ran Hou little Heart is put into the fruit that harvesting is got off in basket.This operating type operating efficiency is very low, and because the arm length of people has Limit, operating personnel needs frequent shift position just to pick fruit, and operating personnel is easily tired.And mandarin tree and apple tree are often Compare tall and big, need to ascend a height operation when people harvest citrus or apple in the usual way by ladder, easily occur falling accident, Citrus producing region, the falling accident that inflicting bodily injury all can frequently occur every year occurs.
Chinese patent Authorization Notice No. is CN104584782B patent of invention, discloses a kind of for preventing that fruit is harvested Collide with catching device, is mainly made up of support, the delivery pipe being made up of cloth flexible pipe being fixed on support, delivery pipe spiral is twined Around and be fixed on support, the fruit of the upper free segment of cloth flexible pipe accepts the harvesting head that entrance is connected to fruit harvesting device On, the lower free segment of cloth flexible pipe is connected on Fruit basket.Harvest citrus or during apple, harvested from fruit tree the citrus that gets off or Apple is entered in the upper free segment of cloth flexible pipe, then slow in spiral-falling mode along the cloth flexible pipe spiraled on support Under fall in Fruit basket, so as to avoid citrus or apple from being collided with by tree trunk or other objects." the anti-of fruit harvesting should to be used for Collide with catching device " although can prevent fruit from colliding with, the device needs to complete to pluck by drive device, and When plucking fruit in more intensive orchard, the picker is used just to bring inconvenience because space is smaller.
Utility model content
In order to solve the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of fruit harvesting device.This reality It is achieved through the following technical solutions with the new technical problem to be solved:
A kind of fruit harvesting device, including connecting rod, harvesting seat and handle, the connecting rod are connected with handle and harvesting seat respectively;
The connecting rod is provided with expansion link and driving coil, and the connecting rod has the inner chamber for placing expansion link, described flexible Bar passes through the center of driving coil, and one end of the expansion link is connected with harvesting seat, and the other end of the expansion link is fixed on company The outer wall connection of the inwall of bar, the driving coil and connecting rod;
Claw and be fixed on the cunning harvested on seat that the harvesting seat is fixedly connected provided with harvesting head, with harvesting head The cavity for accommodating fruit is formed after wheel, the claw closure;Drawstring of the pulley provided with control claw folding, the drawstring One end be connected with claw, the other end is connected with expansion link;
The handle is provided with the electric wire for controlling the button switch of claw folding and being electrically connected with driving coil, the electricity The other end of line is connected with power supply.
As further restriction of the present utility model, the back-moving spring for opening claw is provided with the harvesting seat.
As further restriction of the present utility model, the pulley is three, is distributed in respectively in 120 ° on harvesting seat, institute Back-moving spring is stated for three, is separately fixed on harvesting seat.
As further restriction of the present utility model, the expansion link is hollow-core construction, and the inner chamber of the expansion link is also extremely Less provided with a pair of magnetic cores, the magnetic core is separately positioned on the both sides of driving coil.
As further restriction of the present utility model, magnetic of the magnetic core close to driving coil side is identical.
As further restriction of the present utility model, the claw is soft plastic material.
As further restriction of the present utility model, handle is additionally provided with the connecting rod, the handle is fixed on connecting rod On outer wall.
As further restriction of the present utility model, manual telescopic switch is additionally provided with the expansion link.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
The utility model is simple to operate, pluck fruit accurate and flexible, this practicality by the folding of the button control claw on handle The claw that new use soft plastic material is made, it is soft arcuate structure to touch fruit position, it is ensured that do not hinder fruit.This collector has The fatigue inconvenience that orchard worker produces by upper terraced or upper tree is solved to effect, while being greatly reduced the potential safety hazard of orchard worker, is made Orchard worker's safe ready when plucking fruit.
The utility model is described in further details below with reference to drawings and Examples.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing that the utility model harvests head;
In figure:1. connecting rod;11. expansion link;12. magnetic core;13. driving coil;2. harvest seat;21. pulley;22. harvest head; 23. claw;24. cavity;3. handle;31. button switch;32. electric wire.
Embodiment
Reach technological means and effect that predetermined purpose is taken for the utility model is expanded on further, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing And embodiment is to embodiment of the present utility model, architectural feature and its effect, describe in detail as follows.
Embodiment 1:
Reference picture 1, Fig. 2, a kind of fruit harvesting device, including:
Including connecting rod 1, harvesting seat 2 and handle 3, connecting rod 1 is connected with handle 3 and harvesting seat 2 respectively;Connecting rod 1, which is provided with, to be stretched Contracting bar 11 and driving coil 13, connecting rod 1 have the inner chamber for placing expansion link 11, and expansion link 11 passes through the center of driving coil 13, One end of expansion link 11 is connected with harvesting seat 2, and the other end of expansion link 11 is fixed on the inwall of connecting rod 1, and driving coil 13 is with connecting The outer wall connection of bar 1;Claws 23 and be fixed on harvesting that harvesting seat 2 is fixedly connected provided with harvesting first 22, with harvesting first 22 Pulley 21 on seat 2, claw 23 forms the cavity 24 for accommodating fruit after closing;Drawing of the pulley 21 provided with the control folding of claw 23 Rope, one end of drawstring is connected with claw 23, and the other end is connected with expansion link 11;Handle 3 is pressed provided with the control folding of claw 23 Button switch 31 and the electric wire 32 electrically connected with driving coil 13, the other end of electric wire 32 are connected with power supply.
It should be noted that device for picking is not limited to grabbing fruit device or set fruit device, cutting fruit device or other shapes for claw Formula, the purpose is to fruit is taken from tree and is placed in semi-enclosed space, it is only necessary to ensure that fruit will not be tumbled on ground .
When in use, the fruit that first 22 alignment needs to pluck will be harvested, fruit is placed on behind the inner chamber of claw 23 singlehanded The button switch 31 on handle 3 is pressed, makes the closure automatically of claw 23, finally pushes device for picking to negative side that fruit grows with branch To picking fruit can be got off.
The utility model is simple to operate, pluck fruit accurate and flexible, this practicality by the folding of the button control claw on handle The claw that new use soft plastic material is made, it is soft arcuate structure to touch fruit position, it is ensured that do not hinder fruit.This collector has The fatigue inconvenience that orchard worker produces by upper terraced or upper tree is solved to effect, while being greatly reduced the potential safety hazard of orchard worker, is made Orchard worker's safe ready when plucking fruit.
Embodiment 2:
Difference from Example 1, is to be provided with the back-moving spring for opening claw 23 on harvesting seat 2.Pulley 21 is Three, it is distributed on harvesting seat 2, back-moving spring is three, is separately fixed on harvesting seat 2 in 120 ° respectively.Expansion link 11 is Hollow-core construction, the inner chamber of expansion link 11 is also at least provided with a pair of magnetic cores 12, and magnetic core 12 is separately positioned on the both sides of driving coil 13. Magnetic of the magnetic core 12 close to the side of driving coil 13 is identical.Claw 23 is soft plastic material.Handle is additionally provided with connecting rod 1, Hand is fixed on the outer wall of connecting rod 1.Manual telescopic switch is additionally provided with expansion link 11.
It may be noted that the cross section of the hollow parts of expansion link 11, the inner-cavity structure of connecting rod 1 and driving coil 13 can be ellipse Circular cross-section or polygonal cross-section;It is preferred that setting yielding rubber block in expansion link 11 and the junction of connecting rod 1;Connecting rod 1 is provided with and worn String holes road, threading duct and the inner chamber stretched in connecting rod 1 for expansion link 11 are mutually isolated, the connection electric wire 32 of driving coil 13 from Threading is passed through in duct;Use 6 volts of battery for the power supply of collector, battery is entered by drive circuit to driving coil 13 Row power supply, the circuit board of drive circuit is arranged in handle 3, and the power supply electric wire 32 of battery enters in handle 3 from the afterbody of handle 3 It is connected on the input interface of drive circuit, the output interface on drive circuit is wired to the input of driving coil 13 On interface.
Then button switch 31 is clicked, drive circuit is just powered to driving coil 13, produces the front end of driving coil 13 The raw magnetic force with the identical polar of magnetic core 12, according to the principle that identical charges repel each other, the magnetic force of the front end of driving coil 13 pushes front end magnetic core open 12, front end magnetic core 12 is moved forward, meanwhile, the rear end of driving coil 13 is produced and the front end opposite polarity of rear end magnetic core 12 Magnetic force, according to the principle that there is a natural attraction between the sexes, the magnetic force of the front end of driving coil 13 attracts front end magnetic core 12 to move forward, front end magnetic core 12 Forward movement with rear end magnetic core 12 has driven expansion link 11 to move forward, so as to drive the closure of claw 23, device for picking is pushed away The opposite direction grown to fruit with branch can get off picking fruit.Operator is removed after fruit, and drive circuit is to drives line Circle 13 is powered off, and the magnetic force of driving coil 13 is disappeared, in the presence of back-moving spring, is pulled claw 23 to open by drawstring, is made Obtain claw 23 and return to original state, so as to drive expansion link 11 to retract backward, to harvest next fruits and vegetables.
The utility model is simple to operate, pluck fruit accurate and flexible, this practicality by the folding of the button control claw on handle The claw that new use soft plastic material is made, it is soft arcuate structure to touch fruit position, it is ensured that do not hinder fruit.This collector has The fatigue inconvenience that orchard worker produces by upper terraced or upper tree is solved to effect, while being greatly reduced the potential safety hazard of orchard worker, is made Orchard worker's safe ready when plucking fruit.
Above content is to combine specific preferred embodiment further detailed description of the utility model, it is impossible to Assert that specific implementation of the present utility model is confined to these explanations.For the ordinary skill of the utility model art For personnel, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, some simple deduction or replace can also be made, should all be regarded To belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of fruit harvesting device, including connecting rod(1), harvesting seat(2)And handle(3), the connecting rod(1)Respectively with handle(3) With harvesting seat(2)Connection, it is characterised in that:
The connecting rod(1)It is provided with expansion link(11)And driving coil(13), the connecting rod(1)With placement expansion link(11)'s Inner chamber, the expansion link(11)Through driving coil(13)Center, the expansion link(11)One end with harvesting seat(2)Even Connect, the expansion link(11)The other end be fixed on connecting rod(1)Inwall, the driving coil(13)With connecting rod(1)Outer wall Connection;
The harvesting seat(2)Provided with harvesting head(22)And harvesting head(22)The claw being fixedly connected(23)And be fixed on and adopt Receive seat(2)On pulley(21), the claw(23)The cavity for accommodating fruit is formed after closure(24);The pulley(21)On set There is control claw(23)The drawstring of folding, one end of the drawstring and claw(23)Connection, the other end and expansion link(11)Connection;
The handle(3)Provided with control claw(23)The button switch of folding(31)And and driving coil(13)Electrical connection Electric wire(32), the electric wire(32)The other end be connected with power supply.
2. a kind of fruit harvesting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the harvesting seat(2)On be provided with card Pawl(23)The back-moving spring of opening.
3. a kind of fruit harvesting device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the pulley(21)For three, it is in respectively 120 ° are distributed in harvesting seat(2)On, the back-moving spring is three, is separately fixed at harvesting seat(2)On.
4. a kind of fruit harvesting device according to claim any one of 1-3, it is characterised in that the expansion link(11)For sky Core structure, the expansion link(11)Inner chamber also at least provided with a pair of magnetic cores(12), the magnetic core(12)It is separately positioned on driving Coil(13)Both sides.
5. a kind of fruit harvesting device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the magnetic core(12)Close to driving coil (13)The magnetic of side is identical.
6. a kind of fruit harvesting device according to claim any one of 1-3, it is characterised in that the claw(23)To be soft Plastic cement material.
7. a kind of fruit harvesting device according to claim any one of 1-3, it is characterised in that the connecting rod(1)On also set There is handle, the handle is fixed on connecting rod(1)Outer wall on.
8. a kind of fruit harvesting device according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the expansion link(11)On be additionally provided with hand Dynamic telescoping switch.
CN201621329205.5U 2016-12-02 2016-12-02 A kind of fruit harvesting device Expired - Fee Related CN206389791U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621329205.5U CN206389791U (en) 2016-12-02 2016-12-02 A kind of fruit harvesting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621329205.5U CN206389791U (en) 2016-12-02 2016-12-02 A kind of fruit harvesting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206389791U true CN206389791U (en) 2017-08-11

Family

ID=59510181

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621329205.5U Expired - Fee Related CN206389791U (en) 2016-12-02 2016-12-02 A kind of fruit harvesting device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206389791U (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170811

Termination date: 20171202