CN206909163U - A kind of hickory nut fruit harvester - Google Patents

A kind of hickory nut fruit harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206909163U
CN206909163U CN201720317590.XU CN201720317590U CN206909163U CN 206909163 U CN206909163 U CN 206909163U CN 201720317590 U CN201720317590 U CN 201720317590U CN 206909163 U CN206909163 U CN 206909163U
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China
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roller
fixing pipe
hickory nut
tube
hole
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CN201720317590.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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徐丽君
邢俊旺
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Zhejiang A&F University ZAFU
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Zhejiang A&F University ZAFU
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Priority to CN201720317590.XU priority Critical patent/CN206909163U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of hickory nut fruit harvester.It is of the present utility model when plucking hickory nut, need not carry out beaing branch makes hickory nut drop, pressing controlling switch makes the first roller and the second roller clamp branch, and the first roller and the second rod are subjected to displacement when elapsing expansion link, roller is also rolled while being subjected to displacement, and the hickory nut on branch is extruded.Collection device is placed under Chinese walnut, hickory nut drops on tarpaulin, places collecting bag in the beveled end of tarpaulin, hickory nut can be put down along the inclination of tarpaulin to be glided and be included in collecting bag, and people directly withdraw collecting bag, very quickly and conveniently.The setting of the inner and outer tubes of simultaneous retractable bar causes the adjustable in length of expansion link, facilitates harvesting personnel to pluck far and near different hickory nut.

Description

A kind of hickory nut fruit harvester
Technical field
A kind of plant equipment is the utility model is related to, more particularly to a kind of hickory nut fruit harvester.
Background technology
Harvesting operation is the important step in hickory nut production process, typically constitutes from labour needed for whole production process 35%-45%.The maturity period of hickory nut is before and after White Dew solar term.If harvesting is too early, hickory kernel is full not enough, and grease contains Amount is not easily disconnected from than relatively low, it is necessary to and hitting to be harvested, and traditional hickory nut Softening is tapped using bamboo pole, and The research of existing hickory nut cropper and imitate the traditional mode of beaing and plucked, but hit and can cause blade and brachyplast shape Naked bub damages, if fruit not enough can not all be laid by the dynamics of percussion, if dynamics crosses conference damage tree branch, influences the coming year Yield;If harvesting is excessively slow, shedding can influence taste, be also easy to the harm by mouse beast etc., influence harvest and fruit than more serious Real mass.
It is larger to pluck labour needed for operation, harvesting operation is more complicated, and artificial harvesting, not only efficiency is low, Er Qiecun In great potential safety hazard, harvesting can also cause economic loss not in time.
Utility model content
In view of the deficienciess of the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of work for improving harvesting walnut Efficiency, destruction when reducing harvesting to branch, reduce the hickory nut fruit harvester that potential safety hazard occurs.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:A kind of hickory nut fruit harvester, including Picker and collection device, picker include expansion link and picking head, and one end of expansion link is connected with picking head, picking head It is provided with closing device and roller, closing device connects roller and expansion link respectively, and closing device includes the first fixing pipe and the Two fixing pipes, roller include the first roller and the second roller, and motor is equipped with the first roller and the second roller, and first is solid One end of fixed tube is connected with expansion link, and one end of the first roller is inserted into the other end that the first fixing pipe is connected with expansion link, One end of second fixing pipe and the side walls hinged and hinged place of the first fixing pipe are set close to expansion link, one end of the second roller Be inserted into the other end that the second fixing pipe is connected with the first fixing pipe, the first fixing pipe connected with the second fixing pipe after be in integrally V Shape;First fixing pipe and the relative place of the second fixing pipe are provided with electromagnet;Expansion link backwards to one end of closing device be provided with power supply and Controlling switch, the motor on the first roller are connected with power supply and controlling switch, the motor of the first roller, the second roller Motor and electromagnet three are parallel with one another, and when controlling switch closes, electromagnet is powered, and the first fixing pipe and second is fixed Manage close to each other, and the first roller and the second roller turn;Collection device includes the support bar and support of several interconnections, Several supports are set up on the ground and set around trunk, and one end of support bar is connected with support, and the other end tilts down Offseted with trunk, tarpaulin is provided between adjacent two support bars, two sides of tarpaulin are connected with two support bars respectively, tarpaulin The both sides being connected with support bar are equipped with several retainer rings, and suspension hook is equipped with support bar, and retainer ring and suspension hook are oppositely arranged, When tarpaulin is connected with support bar, retainer ring and suspension hook hook;When hickory nut drops from tree, hickory nut drops to tarpaulin On.
As further improvement of the utility model, the first fixing pipe and the relative side of the second fixing pipe are provided with and reset bullet Spring, one end of back-moving spring are connected with the first fixing pipe, and the other end is connected with the second fixing pipe, when controlling switch closes, the One fixing pipe and the second fixing pipe is close to each other and back-moving spring is compressed, when controlling switch disconnects, back-moving spring reset and First fixing pipe and the second fixing pipe are located remotely from each other in the presence of elastic force.
As further improvement of the utility model, expansion link includes inner and outer tubes, one end of inner tube and closing device Connection, the other end are located in outer tube, and power supply is arranged on outer tube and is arranged on backwards to one end of inner tube, controlling switch in the side wall of outer tube And close to power supply set, outer tube close to its with offered in the side wall of one end of inner tube phase fit connect inside and outside outer tube first lead to Groove, one end of the first groove extend to the end of outer tube and open wide setting, and other end closing is set, and the notch of the first groove is provided with Two parallel stators, are equipped with fixing hole on stator, and the fixing hole on two stators is oppositely arranged;Any one Stator is provided with the nut for being secured to connection backwards to the side of another stator, and the screwed hole of nut communicates with fixing hole, Stator is provided with hand the turn of the screw, and one end of hand the turn of the screw is connected through the fixing hole on two stators and with nut thread; When hand the turn of the screw and nut are tightened, two stator is close to each other and outer tube wales inner tube.
As further improvement of the utility model, outer tube is provided with taking handle, taking handle portion backwards to one end of stator One end of outer tube is wrapped, taking handle surface is provided with the taking groove for being easy to taking of several ring-types, when human hand taking taking handle When, finger part is embedded into taking groove.
As further improvement of the utility model, controlling switch passes taking handle, and taking handle is set backwards to one end of outer tube Fluted, the notch of groove is covered with cover plate, and power supply is arranged in groove.
As further improvement of the utility model, support is in tripod structure, and support includes bearing plate and three legs, One end of three legs is detachably connected with bearing plate by screw thread and angle between adjacent two legs is identical, is accepted The upper end of plate is provided with bearing rod, and one end of bearing rod is fixedly connected with bearing plate, and the other end is connected with support bar, and bearing rod is backwards One end of bearing plate offers the first connecting hole and the second groove, and the first connecting hole crosses two grooves that the second groove is oppositely arranged Wall, one end of support bar are embedded into the second groove, and the second connecting hole from side through it is offered on support bar, and first connects Connect hole and the second connecting hole is oppositely arranged, the connecting rod through both, connection are inserted with the first connecting hole and the second connecting hole Bar mutually fixes support bar with bearing rod.
As further improvement of the utility model, one end of connecting rod is fixedly connected with limiting plate, and the other end is arranged with One end of limited block, limiting plate and connecting rod is vertically arranged, and limited block is detachably connected with connecting rod, limited block and limiting plate Diameter is all higher than the diameter of the first connecting hole, when connecting rod be inserted into the first connecting hole and the second connecting hole and by support bar and When bearing rod is mutually fixed, limiting plate and the relative side of limited block the side phase opposite with two cell walls of the second groove respectively Support.
As further improvement of the utility model, the other end that leg is connected with bearing plate is pointed, when three legs Strut and in use, the other end that leg is connected with bearing plate is inserted into underground.
As further improvement of the utility model, leg is arranged with protective jacket, protective jacket bag backwards to one end of bearing plate Wrap the end of leg and be detachably connected with it.
As further improvement of the utility model, protective jacket and limited block are elastomeric material.
The beneficial effects of the utility model, when carrying out hickory nut harvesting, it is not necessary to carry out beaing branch, people are plucking During hickory nut, support, support bar and tarpaulin are put up, multiple supports and support bar is enclosed walnut, then make paulin Cloth is connected by retainer ring and suspension hook with support bar.Meanwhile one end for offseting of support bar and trunk is pico- tilts down, make to enclose Into entire surface in umbrella.The lower section of i.e. one end that tarpaulin tilts down is placed for collecting hickory nut fruit below trunk Collecting bag, because support bar is obliquely installed so that tarpaulin is also obliquely installed, after hickory nut is dropped on tarpaulin, hickory nut Glide and be included in the collecting bag being arranged below along the incline direction of tarpaulin.When the hickory nut product in collecting bag is full, Collecting bag can be directly withdrawn, it is very quick.Be not in that people pluck hickory nut in the tree, what hickory nut dropped on the ground It is thick on the ground, people are after the completion of harvesting, it is also necessary to the hickory nut of ground is collected, the outward appearance of hickory nut can not only be made Into influence, while also need to spend the time to go to collect the hickory nut on ground.And the presence of collection device avoid it is above-mentioned Deficiency.Before it will control power supply closure, the position and direction of expansion link are adjusted, the branch with upper walnut is in the first roller And second between roller, when controlling switch closes, the first fixing pipe and the second fixing pipe on closing device are due to electromagnetism Tie Tong electricity produces magnetic force and occurs close to each other and make the first roller and the second roller clamps branch, while the first roller and the Two rollers are also due to energization rolls.Now, expansion link is gradually elapsed, is subjected to displacement the first roller and the second roller, And rolled while being subjected to displacement.Hickory nut on branch clamped and elapsed and due to the first roller and In the presence of shearing force caused by second roller rolled, the hickory nut of a branch can quickly drop, and drop Onto tarpaulin, finally slide into collecting bag, improve efficiency.So, people just do not have to tap branch so that can be to tree Branch impacts, and influences the harvest in the coming year.Meanwhile in moving telescopic bar, because the first roller and the second roller rolled are to mountain Walnut has a shearing force so that people need not spend a large amount of strength expansion link is picked hickory nut, greatly Reduce the power used in human hand.Simultaneously as the presence of expansion link make it that people do not have to climb to hickory nut and end of the branch is plucked Hickory nut, it greatly reducing accident.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of picker;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of collection device;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of taking handle;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of bearing plate and bearing rod;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of support and support bar;
Fig. 6 is support bar and the structural representation of bearing rod junction;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of connecting rod;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of tarpaulin;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of one end that outer tube is provided with stator.
11st, expansion link;111st, inner tube;112nd, outer tube;113rd, the first groove;12nd, picking head;13rd, power supply;14th, control is opened Close;
21st, support bar;211st, suspension hook;22nd, tarpaulin;221st, retainer ring;23rd, support;231st, bearing plate;232nd, leg; 233rd, protective jacket;
3rd, taking handle;31st, taking groove;32nd, groove;33rd, cover plate;
4th, closing device;41st, the first fixing pipe;42nd, the second fixing pipe;
5th, roller;51st, the first roller;52nd, the second roller;
61st, back-moving spring;62nd, electromagnet;63rd, stator;631st, fixing hole;
7th, bearing rod;71st, the first connecting hole;72nd, the second groove;73rd, the second connecting hole;
8th, connecting rod;81st, limiting plate;82nd, limited block
Embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the embodiment given by accompanying drawing.
Referring to figs. 1 to shown in 9, a kind of hickory nut fruit harvester of the present embodiment, including picker and collection device, Picker includes expansion link 11 and picking head 12, and one end of expansion link 11 is connected with picking head 12, and picking head 12 is provided with and opened Attach together and put 4 and roller 5, closing device 4 connects roller 5 and expansion link 11 respectively, and closing device 4 includes the first fixing pipe 41 and the Two fixing pipes 42, roller 5 include the first roller 51 and the second roller 52, driving are equipped with the first roller 51 and the second roller 52 Motor, one end of the first fixing pipe 41 are connected with expansion link 11, and one end of the first roller 51 is inserted into the first fixing pipe 41 with stretching In the other end that contracting bar 11 connects, the side walls hinged and hinged place of one end of the second fixing pipe 42 and the first fixing pipe 41 is close to stretch Contracting bar 11 is set, and one end of the second roller 52 is inserted into the other end that the second fixing pipe 42 is connected with the first fixing pipe 41, and first It is overall V-shaped after the connection of the fixing pipe 42 of fixing pipe 41 and second;First fixing pipe 41 and 42 relative place of the second fixing pipe are provided with electricity Magnet 62;Expansion link 11 is provided with power supply 13 and controlling switch 14 backwards to one end of closing device 4, and some are provided with expansion link 11 Wire, the motor on the first roller 51 are connected with power supply 13 and controlling switch 14, the motor of the first roller 51, second The motor of roller 52 and the three of electromagnet 62 are parallel with one another, and when controlling switch 14 closes, electromagnet 62 is powered, and first fixes The fixing pipe 42 of pipe 41 and second is close to each other, and two motors drive the first roller 51 and the second roller 52 to rotate respectively; Collection device includes the support bar 21 and support 23 of several interconnections, and several supports 23 set up on the ground and surround Trunk is set, and one end of support bar 21 is connected with support 23, and the other end tilts down to offset with trunk, adjacent two support bars Tarpaulin 22 is provided between 21, two sides of tarpaulin 22 are connected with two support bars 21 respectively, and tarpaulin 22 is connected with support bar 21 Both sides are equipped with several retainer rings 221, and suspension hook 211 is equipped with support bar 21, and retainer ring 221 and suspension hook 211 are oppositely arranged, When tarpaulin 22 is connected with support bar 21, retainer ring 221 and the hook of suspension hook 211;When hickory nut drops from tree, hickory nut Drop on tarpaulin 22.When carrying out hickory nut harvesting, it is not necessary to carry out beaing branch, people will prop up when plucking hickory nut Frame 23, support bar 21 and tarpaulin 22 are put up, and multiple supports 23 and support bar 21 is enclosed walnut, then make tarpaulin 22 It is connected by retainer ring 221 and suspension hook 211 with support bar 21.Meanwhile pico- downward in one end for offseting of support bar 21 and trunk Tilt, the entire surface for making to surround is in umbrella.The lower section of i.e. one end that tarpaulin 22 tilts down is placed for receiving below trunk Collect the collecting bag of hickory nut fruit, because support bar 21 is obliquely installed so that tarpaulin 22 is also obliquely installed, when hickory nut drops to After on tarpaulin 22, hickory nut glides and is included in the collecting bag being arranged below along the incline direction of tarpaulin 22.Work as collection When hickory nut product in bag is full, collecting bag can be directly withdrawn, it is very quick.Be not in that people pluck mountain core in the tree Peach, what hickory nut dropped on the ground is thick on the ground, and people are after the completion of harvesting, it is also necessary to the hickory nut of ground collected, The outward appearance of hickory nut can not only be impacted, while also need to spend the time to go to collect the hickory nut on ground.And collect dress The presence put avoids above-mentioned deficiency.Before control power supply 13 is closed, the position and direction of expansion link 11 are adjusted, make length The branch for having hickory nut is between the first roller 51 and the second roller 52, when controlling switch 14 closes, on closing device 4 First fixing pipe 41 and the second fixing pipe 42 produce magnetic force because electromagnet 62 is powered and occur close to each other and make the first roller The roller 52 of son 51 and second clamps branch, while the first roller 51 and the second roller 52 are also due to energization rolls.Now, Gradual passage expansion link 11, is subjected to displacement the first roller 51 and the second roller 52, and while being subjected to displacement Roll.Hickory nut on branch is being clamped and elapsed and cut caused by the first roller 51 and the second roller 52 roll In the presence of shear force, the hickory nut of a branch can quickly drop, and drop on tarpaulin 22, finally slide into receipts Collect in bag, improve efficiency.So, people just do not have to tap branch so that branch can be impacted, influence the coming year Harvest.Meanwhile in moving telescopic bar 11, because the first roller 51 and the second roller 52 roll and hickory nut are cut with one Shear force so that people need not spend a large amount of strength to make expansion link 11 pick hickory nut, be greatly reduced human hand institute Power.Simultaneously as the presence of expansion link 11 make it that people do not have to climb to hickory nut and end of the branch carries out harvesting hickory nut, significantly Reduce accident.
As a kind of improved embodiment, the first fixing pipe 41 and the relative side of the second fixing pipe 42 are provided with multiple Position spring 61, one end of back-moving spring 61 are connected with the first fixing pipe 41, and the other end is connected with the second fixing pipe 42, works as control During the closure of switch 14, the first fixing pipe 41 and the second fixing pipe 42 is close to each other and back-moving spring 61 is compressed works as controlling switch During 14 disconnection, back-moving spring 61 is resetted and the first fixing pipe 41 and the second fixing pipe 42 are located remotely from each other in the presence of elastic force. When plucking hickory nut, both are stretched remote and branch is in the first roller 51 and the second roller 52 by people by expansion link 11. When expansion link 11 reaches both on branch, because the connection between the first fixing pipe 41 and the second fixing pipe 42 is be hinged, make Obtain the first fixing pipe 41 and situation close to each other occurs in the second fixing pipe 42 so that the first roller 51 and the second roller 52 It is close to each other, it is difficult to branch is entered between the first roller 51 and the second roller 52, people, which need to rock expansion link 11, makes One fixing pipe 41 and the second fixing pipe 42 separate, so that the first roller 51 and the second roller 52 are located remotely from each other, enter branch Enter between the two.But shake expansion link 11 frequently can make one hand and feel exhausted, meanwhile, waved if people are climbed on tree , easily there is harvesting personnel's crank and throws accidentally, cause injures and deaths in dynamic expansion link 11.The presence of back-moving spring 61 can make One fixing pipe 41 and the second fixing pipe 42 generally V-arrangement in the state of controlling switch 14 is without closure, ensure that branch can be suitable Profit is entered between the first roller 51 and the second roller 52.When controlling switch 14 closes, magnetic force caused by electromagnet 62 makes One fixing pipe 41 and the second fixing pipe 42 are attracting.Magnetic force is more than the elastic force of back-moving spring 61 so that the first roller 51 can be mutual It is close to clamp branch, and occur to roll and pick hickory nut.But when controlling switch 14 disconnects, electromagnet 62 produces Magnetic force disappear, the elastic force of back-moving spring 61 is located remotely from each other the first fixing pipe 41 and the second fixing pipe 42 so that the first roller 51 and second roller 52 be located remotely from each other and branch can be departed from, go to next branch to be plucked.
As a kind of improved embodiment, expansion link 11 includes inner tube 111 and outer tube 112, one end of inner tube 111 It is connected with closing device 4, the other end is located in outer tube 112, and power supply 13 is arranged on outer tube 112 backwards to one end of inner tube 111, control Switch 14 is arranged in the side wall of outer tube 112 and set close to power supply 13, and outer tube 112 is close to its one with the phase fit of inner tube 111 The first groove 113 inside and outside connection outer tube 112 is offered in the side wall at end, one end of the first groove 113 is prolonged to the end of outer tube Stretch and open wide setting, other end closing is set, and the notch of the first groove 113 is provided with two parallel stators 63, stator It is equipped with fixing hole 631 on 63, the fixing hole 631 on two stators 63 is oppositely arranged;Any one stator 63 is backwards to another The side of one stator 63 is provided with the nut for being secured to connection, and the screwed hole of nut communicates with fixing hole 631, stator 63 Hand the turn of the screw is provided with, one end of hand the turn of the screw is connected through the fixing hole 631 on two stators 63 and with nut thread;When When hand the turn of the screw is tightened with nut, two stators 63 are close to each other and outer tube 112 wales inner tube 111.Chinese walnut is grown very It is big very high so that some hickory nuts can be relatively close to picker, and some hickory nuts are very remote from picker.If expansion link 11 It is long, although the hickory nut to distant place can be plucked, when plucking closer hickory nut, usually occur expansion link 11 with Branch on tree collides, and hinders harvesting personnel to be plucked.When if expansion link 11 is too short, although the mountain in harvesting nearby Walnut is more convenient, but when plucking the hickory nut of distant place, not only reaches, it is also necessary to which harvesting personnel continue to crawl forward, easily Generation is unexpected.Outer tube 112 is set in outside inner tube 111, and inner tube 111 sliding can play adjustable telescopic rod 11 in outer tube 112 Entire length.The presence of first groove 113 mouth of pipe of outer tube 112 to realize to tighten up, and passes through and adjusts two stators The distance between 63 realize the elasticity of the regulation mouth of pipe of outer tube 112, so as to play the length of fixed expansion link 11, prevent from using Occur during expansion link 11 and elongate or shorten suddenly.The distance between two stators 63 are by between hand the turn of the screw and nut Threaded connection is adjusted.Hand the turn of the screw is through through the screwed hole on nut, then entering after the fixing hole 631 on stator 63 Row turns screw, realizes the fixation between two stators 63 of regulation, so as to play the elasticity of the regulation mouth of pipe of outer tube 112, The length of adjustable telescopic rod 11 is realized, the length of expansion link 11 can be adjusted in picker according to hickory nut apart from the distance of oneself Degree.
As a kind of improved embodiment, outer tube 112 is provided with taking handle 3, taking backwards to one end of stator 63 The portion envelops of handle 3 live one end of outer tube 112, and the surface of taking handle 3 is provided with the taking groove 31 for being easy to taking of several ring-types, works as people When holding takes taking handle 3, finger part is embedded into taking groove 31.Human hand occurs in prolonged taking outer tube 112 to be beaten Sliding phenomenon, whole expansion link 11 is caused to drop, the setting of taking handle 3 and taking groove 31 causes human hand part to be embedded into taking groove In 31, even if the palm of the hand is sweated, there is the phenomenon skidded, due to the setting of taking groove 31 so that taking handle 3 is not easy to take off from human hand Fall.
As a kind of improved embodiment, controlling switch 14 passes taking handle 3, and taking handle 3 is backwards to outer tube 112 One end is provided with groove 32, and the notch of groove 32 is covered with cover plate 33, and power supply 13 is arranged in groove 32.Human hand taking is in taking handle On 3, controlling switch 14 passes from taking handle 3 so that people make a movement finger just can realize disconnection or closure control open 14 are closed, whole circuit is disconnected or is connected, it is very convenient and quick.It is recessed that the setting of groove 32 enables power supply 13 to be placed into In groove 32, and due to the presence of cover plate 33 so that the replacing of power supply 13 becomes enhanced convenience.When in use expansion link 11 When, without withdrawing whole expansion link 11, it is only necessary to open cover plate 33, just can realize and quickly change battery.
As a kind of improved embodiment, support 23 is in tripod structure, and support 23 includes bearing plate 231 and three Individual leg 232, one end of three legs 232 is detachably connected with bearing plate 231 by screw thread and adjacent two legs 232 Between angle it is identical, one end of bearing plate 231 is provided with bearing rod 7, and the upper end of bearing rod 7 is fixedly connected with bearing plate 231, separately One end is connected with support bar 21, and bearing rod 7 offers the first connecting hole 71 and the second groove 72 backwards to one end of bearing plate 231, First connecting hole 71 crosses two cell walls that the second groove 72 is oppositely arranged, and one end of support bar 21 is embedded into the second groove 72 It is interior, the second connecting hole 73 through its side is offered on support bar 21, the first connecting hole 71 and the second connecting hole 73 are set relatively Put, the connecting rod 8 through both is inserted with the first connecting hole 71 and the second connecting hole 73, connecting rod 8 is by support bar 21 and holds The phase of extension bar 7 is fixed.Triangle has stability, and three legs 232 of support 23 cause support 23 to have stability, leg 232 It is detachably connected with bearing plate 231, both enable whole support 23 to be softened frame on the ground after connecting, when need not make Used time, three legs 232 can be disassembled, make three legs 232 and bearing plate 231 be independent presence, be easy to carry and Take up space small.It is detachable between support bar 21 and bearing rod 7, one end that support bar 21 is provided with to the second connecting hole 73 is placed In the second groove 72 on to bearing rod 7, connecting rod 8 is passed through into the first connecting hole 71 and the second connecting hole 73 so that support bar 21 and bearing rod 7 can connect, and the upset of support bar 21 can also be realized., directly will connection when without using support bar 21 Bar 8 takes out, and just can realize the fractionation of support bar 21 and bearing rod 7, enhanced convenience and will not be occupied too big in transport Space.
As a kind of improved embodiment, one end of connecting rod 8 is fixedly connected with limiting plate 81, and the other end is arranged Limited location block 82, limiting plate 81 and one end of connecting rod 8 are vertically arranged, and limited block 82 is detachably connected with connecting rod 8, limited block 82 and the diameter of limiting plate 81 be all higher than the diameter of the first connecting hole 71, when connecting rod 8 is inserted into the first connecting hole 71 and second When in connecting hole 73 and support bar 21 is mutually fixed with bearing rod 7, limiting plate 81 and the relative side of limited block 82 are respectively with the Two opposite sides of cell wall of two grooves 72 offset.Though connecting rod 8 is directly through the first connecting hole 71 and the second connecting hole 73 The effect of connection is so served, but when support bar 21 and support 23 receive the effect of external force, connecting rod 8 is easily from the first connection Depart from the connecting hole 73 of hole 71 and second, cause support bar 21 to depart from support 23 so that whole collection device paralysis, hickory nut fall It is slipped to after falling on tarpaulin 22 on the ground or is directly dropped to the ground from tree.The setting of limited block 82 and limiting plate 81 avoids The deficiency stated.One end of connecting rod 8 is fixed with limiting plate 81, after the other end passes through the first connecting hole 71 and the second connecting hole 73, Limited block 82 is set on the end.Due to all bigger than the first connecting hole 71 between limiting plate 81 and limited block 82 so that connecting plate Without departing from the first connecting hole 71, ensure the connection between support bar 21 and bearing rod 7.When needing support bar 21 and bearing rod During 7 separation, it is only necessary to remove limited block 82, just can remove connecting rod 8.The setting of limited block 82 can be semi-enclosed Tubulose, one end with opening is set to one end of connecting rod 8 just can realize and to be detachably connected with connecting rod 8.
As a kind of improved embodiment, the other end that leg 232 is connected with bearing plate 231 is pointed, when three Individual leg 232 struts and in use, leg 232 is inserted into underground with the other end that bearing plate 231 is connected.Leg 232 it is pointed Set and leg 232 be inserted into onto ground so that the overall setting that can very stablize on the ground, even if scraping The situation of wind, support 23 are not easy to topple over, and reduce hickory nut and accident occurs in collection, collect hickory nut more convenient fast Speed.
As a kind of improved embodiment, leg 232 is arranged with protective jacket backwards to one end of bearing plate 231 233, protective jacket 233 wraps the end of leg 232 and is detachably connected with it.One end of leg 232 is pointed so that support 23 without using the sophisticated place of leg 232 can stab people, especially occur in transport and stab.The setting of protective jacket 233 It can wrap at the tip of leg 232, prevent from stabbing people.When deployed, directly protective jacket 233 is removed, very It is convenient.The setting of protective jacket 233 can be semi-enclosed tubulose, and one end with opening is set at the tip of leg 232 just It can realize and be detachably connected with leg 232.
As a kind of improved embodiment, protective jacket 233 and limited block 82 are elastomeric material.Rubber quality compared with It is soft and certain deformation can occur, when protective jacket 233 and limited block 82 are set on leg 232 and connecting rod 8 respectively, two After certain deformation can occur for person, and protective jacket 233 and limited block 82 are set in leg 232 and connecting rod 8 respectively, mutually it Between can be brought into close contact, be not susceptible to come off.
To sum up, when plucking hickory nut, it is not necessary to which carrying out beaing branch makes hickory nut drop, and pressing controlling switch 14 makes One roller 51 and the second roller 52 clamp branch, and the first roller 51 and the second roller are subjected to displacement when elapsing expansion link 11, roller Son 5 is also rolled while being subjected to displacement, and the hickory nut on branch is extruded.Placed under Chinese walnut and collect dress Put, hickory nut drops on tarpaulin 22, places collecting bag in the beveled end of tarpaulin 22, hickory nut can put along the inclination of tarpaulin 22 Glide and be simultaneously included in collecting bag, people directly withdraw collecting bag, very quickly and conveniently.Simultaneous retractable bar 11 The setting of inner tube 111 and outer tube 112 cause the adjustable in length of expansion link 11, facilitate harvesting personnel to far and near different mountain core Peach is plucked.
It the above is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the scope of protection of the utility model is not limited merely to above-mentioned Embodiment, all technical schemes belonged under the utility model thinking belong to the scope of protection of the utility model.It should be pointed out that pair For those skilled in the art, some improvements and modifications under the premise of the utility model principle is not departed from, These improvements and modifications also should be regarded as the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. hickory nut fruit harvester, it is characterised in that:Including picker and collection device, the picker includes Expansion link (11) and picking head (12), one end of the expansion link (11) are connected with picking head (12), on the picking head (12) Provided with closing device (4) and roller (5), the closing device (4) connects roller (5) and expansion link (11), the folding respectively Device (4) includes the first fixing pipe (41) and the second fixing pipe (42), and the roller (5) includes the first roller (51) and the second roller Sub (52), first roller (51) and the second roller (52) be interior to be equipped with motor, and the one of first fixing pipe (41) End is connected with expansion link (11), one end of the first roller (51) be inserted into the first fixing pipe (41) be connected with expansion link (11) it is another In one end, one end of second fixing pipe (42) is with the side walls hinged and hinged place of the first fixing pipe (41) close to expansion link (11) set, one end of second roller (52) be inserted into the second fixing pipe (42) be connected with the first fixing pipe (41) it is another It is overall V-shaped after end, first fixing pipe (41) and the second fixing pipe (42) connection;First fixing pipe (41) and second The relative place of fixing pipe (42) is provided with electromagnet (62);The expansion link (11) is provided with power supply backwards to one end of closing device (4) (13) some wires and controlling switch (14), are provided with the expansion link (11), the driving on first roller (51) is electric Machine is connected with power supply (13) and controlling switch (14), motor, the second roller (52) the driving electricity of first roller (51) Machine and electromagnet (62) three are parallel with one another, and when controlling switch (14) closes, the electromagnet (62) is powered, the first fixing pipe (41) and the second fixing pipe (42) is close to each other, and the first roller (51) and the second roller (52) rotate;The collection device bag The support bar (21) and support (23) of several interconnections are included, several described supports (23) set up on the ground and surround Trunk is set, and one end of the support bar (21) is connected with support (23), and the other end tilts down to offset with trunk, and adjacent two Tarpaulin (22) is provided between the individual support bar (21), two sides of the tarpaulin (22) connect with two support bars (21) respectively Connect, the tarpaulin (22) and the both sides that support bar (21) is connected are equipped with several retainer rings (221), on the support bar (21) Suspension hook (211) is equipped with, the retainer ring (221) and suspension hook (211) are oppositely arranged, when tarpaulin (22) is connected with support bar (21) When, the retainer ring (221) and suspension hook (211) hook;When hickory nut drops from tree, hickory nut drops to tarpaulin (22) On.
  2. A kind of 2. hickory nut fruit harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First fixing pipe (41) and The relative side of second fixing pipe (42) is provided with back-moving spring (61), one end and the first fixing pipe of the back-moving spring (61) (41) connect, the other end is connected with the second fixing pipe (42), when controlling switch (14) closes, first fixing pipe (41) and Second fixing pipe (42) is close to each other and back-moving spring (61) is compressed, when controlling switch (14) disconnects, the back-moving spring (61) reset and the first fixing pipe (41) and the second fixing pipe (42) are located remotely from each other in the presence of elastic force.
  3. A kind of 3. hickory nut fruit harvester according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Expansion link (11) bag Inner tube (111) and outer tube (112) are included, one end of said inner tube (111) is connected with closing device (4), and the other end is located at outer tube (112) in, the power supply (13) is arranged on outer tube (112) and is arranged on backwards to one end of inner tube (111), the controlling switch (14) Set in the side wall of outer tube (112) and close to power supply (13), the outer tube (112) is close to its one with inner tube (111) phase fit The first groove (113) inside and outside connection outer tube (112) is offered in the side wall at end, one end of first groove (113) is outside The end of pipe extends and opens wide setting, and other end closing is set, the notch of first groove (113) be provided with two it is parallel Stator (63), is equipped with fixing hole (631) on the stator (63), the fixing hole on two stators (63) (631) it is oppositely arranged;Any one of stator (63) is provided with the company of being secured to backwards to the side of another stator (63) The nut connect, the screwed hole of the nut communicate with fixing hole (631), and the stator (63) is provided with hand the turn of the screw, described One end of hand the turn of the screw is connected through the fixing hole (631) on two stators (63) and with nut thread;When the hand twists spiral shell When silk is tightened with nut, two the stator (63) is close to each other and outer tube (112) wales inner tube (111).
  4. A kind of 4. hickory nut fruit harvester according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The outer tube (112) is backwards to solid One end of stator (63) is provided with taking handle (3), and taking handle (3) portion envelops live one end of outer tube (112), the taking handle (3) surface is provided with the taking groove (31) for being easy to taking of several ring-types, when taking handle (3) described in human hand taking, finger section Divide and be embedded into the taking groove (31).
  5. A kind of 5. hickory nut fruit harvester according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The controlling switch (14) passes Taking handle (3), the taking handle (3) are provided with groove (32) backwards to one end of outer tube (112), and the notch lid of the groove (32) is set There is cover plate (33), the power supply (13) is arranged in groove (32).
  6. A kind of 6. hickory nut fruit harvester according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The support (23) is in tripod Structure, the support (23) include bearing plate (231) and three legs (232), and one end of three legs (232) is with holding Fishplate bar (231) is detachably connected by screw thread and angle between adjacent two legs (232) is identical, the bearing plate (231) upper end is provided with bearing rod (7), and one end of the bearing rod (7) is fixedly connected with bearing plate (231), the other end and branch Strut (21) connects, and the bearing rod (7) offers the first connecting hole (71) and the second groove backwards to one end of bearing plate (231) (72), first connecting hole (71) crosses two cell walls that the second groove (72) is oppositely arranged, and the one of the support bar (21) End is embedded into the second groove (72), and the second connecting hole (73) through its side is offered on the support bar (21), described First connecting hole (71) and the second connecting hole (73) are oppositely arranged, first connecting hole (71) and the second connecting hole (73) interpolation Provided with the connecting rod (8) through both, the connecting rod (8) mutually fixes support bar (21) with bearing rod (7).
  7. A kind of 7. hickory nut fruit harvester according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:One end of the connecting rod (8) Limiting plate (81) is fixedly connected with, the other end is arranged with limited block (82), and the limiting plate (81) and one end of connecting rod (8) are hung down Straight to set, the limited block (82) is detachably connected with connecting rod (8), and the diameter of the limited block (82) and limiting plate (81) is equal More than the diameter of the first connecting hole (71), when the connecting rod (8) is inserted into the first connecting hole (71) and the second connecting hole (73) Interior and when mutually fixing support bar (21) and bearing rod (7), the limiting plate (81) and the relative side of limited block (82) are distinguished Offseted with two opposite sides of cell wall of the second groove (72).
  8. A kind of 8. hickory nut fruit harvester according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The leg (232) is with accepting The other end of plate (231) connection is pointed, when three legs (232) strut and in use, the leg (232) and bearing plate (231) other end of connection is inserted into underground.
  9. A kind of 9. hickory nut fruit harvester according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The leg (232) is held backwards One end of fishplate bar (231) is arranged with protective jacket (233), and the protective jacket (233) wraps the end of leg (232) and can with it Dismantling connection.
  10. A kind of 10. hickory nut fruit harvester according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:The protective jacket (233) and limit Position block (82) is elastomeric material.
CN201720317590.XU 2017-03-29 2017-03-29 A kind of hickory nut fruit harvester Active CN206909163U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720317590.XU CN206909163U (en) 2017-03-29 2017-03-29 A kind of hickory nut fruit harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720317590.XU CN206909163U (en) 2017-03-29 2017-03-29 A kind of hickory nut fruit harvester

Publications (1)

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Family Applications (1)

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206909163U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109849574A (en) * 2019-02-15 2019-06-07 徐州盛斗士生物科技有限公司 A kind of comprehensive peeling removal of impurities desinsection protection climbing car of text object for appreciation walnut picking

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109849574A (en) * 2019-02-15 2019-06-07 徐州盛斗士生物科技有限公司 A kind of comprehensive peeling removal of impurities desinsection protection climbing car of text object for appreciation walnut picking

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