CN107567817A - A kind of portable fruit picker - Google Patents

A kind of portable fruit picker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107567817A
CN107567817A CN201711052858.2A CN201711052858A CN107567817A CN 107567817 A CN107567817 A CN 107567817A CN 201711052858 A CN201711052858 A CN 201711052858A CN 107567817 A CN107567817 A CN 107567817A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
component
fixed pulley
blade
expansion link
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711052858.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
廖达海
吴南星
余冬玲
江竹亭
陈涛
程章云
朱祚祥
宁翔
刘玉涛
花拥斌
徐佳杰
钟艺漩
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute
Original Assignee
Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute filed Critical Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute
Priority to CN201711052858.2A priority Critical patent/CN107567817A/en
Publication of CN107567817A publication Critical patent/CN107567817A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of portable fruit picker, and it includes expansion link, handle component, traction component, shearing component and collecting part.Expansion link is supporting bar, retractable, to adjust the fruit that the length of picker deacclimatizes different height, is made up of hollow metallic rod.Handle component is the power source of traction component, and handle component can be according to the length of the length adjustment wire of expansion link.Traction component effect is traction movable blades movement, by wire and four fixed pulley groups into.Shearing component is used to cut base of fruit, is made up of blade and blade track, and the purpose of shearing base of fruit is realized by the engagement between blade.Collecting part is used to receive by the fruit of cutting base of fruit, is installed on below shearing component, is made up of iron ring, gauze passage and collecting box, and the base of fruit of fruit is fallen into iron ring after being cut, and is entered along gauze passage in collecting box.This case can disposably pluck a large amount of fruit, simple to operate, and it is convenient to receive, dependable performance.

Description

A kind of portable fruit picker
Technical field
The invention belongs to fruits picking mechanical technical field, and in particular to a kind of portable fruit picker.
Background technology
At present both at home and abroad fruit recovery operations manually based on, realize auxiliary conveyance and fortune merely with machinery is transported It is defeated.Most of fruit picking seasonality is very strong, and the peak period harvested generally only has or so two weeks, artificial to pluck in short-term Need a large amount of manpowers.Orchard worker puts on one's gloves during harvesting, after making an accurate selection of fruit according to fruit size and color, is cut with fruit knife.It is this Picking methods cause manually to harvest that labor intensity is big, and low production efficiency, recovery operations account for the 30% of production cost.In recent years with The development of China's Rural Urbanization Construction, and rural laborer gradually shifts to the other industries of society, agricultural workforce subtracts The problem of few getting worse.Present orchard worker is mostly that large area raises fruit trees, however it is artificial pluck fruit and be one take time and effort very much Thing, so just invented fruit picking apparatus aid in orchard worker pluck fruit.But there is positioning in existing fruit picking apparatus It is inconvenient, picking efficiency is low, reception is cumbersome and the shortcomings of receive process fragile fruit.
The content of the invention
The present invention proposes a kind of portable fruit picker, and cutting efficiency is high, easy to operate, and harvesting scope is wide, carries High fruit picking efficiency.
The technical proposal of the invention is realized in this way:
A kind of portable fruit picker, it includes expansion link, handle component, traction component, shearing component and collecting part;
Expansion link, the expansion link are provided with a slotted eye;
Shearing component, the shearing component are arranged on the telescopic rod end, and the shearing component includes fixed blade, movable blade Piece, blade slide rail, spring and connecting rod, described blade slide rail one end are fixedly installed in the telescopic rod end, the fixation Blade is arranged on the other end of the blade slide rail, and the movable blades are arranged on the blade slide rail, the spring one End is fixed on the blade slide rail, and described connecting rod one end is fixed on the movable blades, and the other end is connected to the bullet On spring;
Handle component, the handle component are arranged on the other end of expansion link, and the handle component includes handle and winder, institute State handle to be hinged on the expansion link, the winder is fixedly installed on the handle;
Traction component, the traction component includes wire, fixed pulley one, fixed pulley two, fixed pulley three and fixed pulley four, described Fixed pulley one and fixed pulley two are oppositely arranged in the side wall of the slotted eye, and the fixed pulley three and fixed pulley four are arranged on described On expansion link, described wire one end is fixedly connected on the movable blades, around the fixed pulley three and fixed pulley four, and Through the fixed pulley one and fixed pulley two, finally wind in the winder;
Collecting part, the collecting part include iron ring, gauze passage and collecting box, and the iron ring is fixedly installed on the blade The underface of slide rail, the gauze passage end are connected on the iron ring, and the other end is connected on the collecting box.
In the portable fruit picker of the present invention, the spring is arranged on below blade slide rail, the connecting rod In doorframe shape.
In the portable fruit picker of the present invention, the fixed blade and movable blades are serrated.
In the portable fruit picker of the present invention, the blade slide rail side is provided with opening.
In the portable fruit picker of the present invention, the gauze vias inner walls are provided with some speed-reducing rubber pieces.
In the portable fruit picker of the present invention, the collecting box at the connector of gauze passage with being provided with sensing Counter, the collecting box bottom are provided with a beam, and the collecting box side is provided with a chamber door, and the collecting box is provided with two Root brace.
Implement this portable fruit picker of the present invention, have the advantages that:This case is flexible by setting Bar, handle component, traction component, shearing component and collecting part, the fruit picking apparatus of a retractable is formed, passes through hand Handle component and traction component, the movement of the movable blades in shearing component is controlled, completes the shearing of fruit, the fruit sheared falls Entering in collecting part, whole recovery process is very efficient, greatlys save cost of labor, and the fruit outward appearance harvested is very good, Do not have and damage.The operating method of whole device is very easy, and picking efficiency is very high, is highly suitable for adopting for various fruit Pluck;And the length of device is freely adjustable, further increase the use range of device.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the portable fruit picker of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure enlargement diagram of part A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of collecting part in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of shearing component in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of movable blades in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of winder in Fig. 1.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes.
This portable fruit picker of the invention as shown in Figures 1 to 6, it include expansion link 1, handle component 2, Traction component 3, shearing component 4 and collecting part 5.
Expansion link 1, the expansion link 1 are provided with a slotted eye 11, the Telescopic metal bar 1 that expansion link 1 is commonly used using in the market.
Shearing component 4, the shearing component 4 are arranged on the end of expansion link 1, and the shearing component 4 includes fixing cutter Piece 41, movable blades 42, blade slide rail 43, spring 44 and connecting rod 45.Described one end of blade slide rail 43 is fixedly installed on described On the end of expansion link 1, the fixed blade 41 is arranged on the other end of the blade slide rail 43, and the movable blades 42 are installed On the blade slide rail 43.Described one end of spring 44 is fixed on the blade slide rail 43, and described one end of connecting rod 45 is fixed On the movable blades 42, the other end is connected on the spring 44.The spring 44 is arranged on the lower section of blade slide rail 43, institute It is in doorframe shape to state connecting rod 45.
Handle component 2, the handle component 2 are arranged on the other end of expansion link 1, and the handle component 2 includes handle 21 With winder 22, the handle 21 is hinged on the expansion link 1, and the winder 22 is fixedly installed on the handle 21.
Traction component 3, the traction component 3 include wire 31, fixed pulley 1, fixed pulley 2 33, fixed pulley 3 34 With fixed pulley 4 35, the fixed pulley 1 and fixed pulley 2 33 are oppositely arranged in the side wall of the slotted eye 11, described fixed sliding Take turns 3 34 and fixed pulley 4 35 be arranged on the expansion link 1, described one end of wire 31 is fixedly connected on the movable blades On 42, around the fixed pulley 3 34 and fixed pulley 4 35, and through the fixed pulley 1 and fixed pulley 2 33, finally Winding is in the winder 22.Winder 22 includes bobbin and positioning gear, and bobbin is hinged on handle 21, positions geared sleeve It is connected on bobbin, a neck being meshed with positioning gear is provided with bobbin ends.When needing unwrapping wire, positioning gear is removed Neck, rotating bobbin, wire 31 is lengthened, when being put into required length, positioning gear is got back into neck, can thus be fixed Firmly bobbin, complete unwrapping wire.During take-up similarly.Winder 22 can also use existing spiral product.
Collecting part 5, the collecting part 5 include iron ring 51, gauze passage 52 and collecting box 53, and the iron ring 51 is fixed The underface of the blade slide rail 43 is arranged on, described one end of gauze passage 52 is connected on the iron ring 51, other end connection On the collecting box 53.
Wherein, the fixed blade 41 and movable blades 42 are serrated, and blade uses zigzag, can improve contact-ratio, Strengthen the shear effect to fruit.
The side of blade slide rail 43 is provided with opening 430, be so easy to so that fruit pedicel enter shear in, be beneficial to Device cuts fruit pedicel.
The inwall of gauze passage 52 is provided with some speed-reducing rubber pieces 520, when fruit falls into gauze passage 52 from eminence When middle, speed-reducing rubber piece 520 constantly can provide a barrier force to fruit, slow down the falling speed of fruit, reduce fruit Damage, ensure the integrity degree of fruit surface, improve aesthetics.
The collecting box 53 passes through the sensing counter with being provided with sensing counter 531 at the connector of gauze passage 52 531 can record the fruit quantity fallen into collecting box 53, convenient to judge whether collecting box 53 has been filled with.The bottom of collecting box 53 Portion is provided with a beam 532, and the beam 532 can buffer the fruit fallen into collecting box 53, be further ensured that the complete of fruit Whole degree.The side of collecting box 53 is provided with a chamber door 533, and when collecting box 53 is full, then opening chamber door 533, pours out fruit, carries out The collection of next case.The collecting box 53 is provided with two braces 534, and collecting box 53 can be carried on the back in back, further carried by this The ease of use of high device.
The workflow of this case is:Before start-up operation, first stretched according to the length of the height adjustable telescopic rod 1 of fruit, regulation Wire 31 is first adjusted into suitable length, then the length of adjustable telescopic rod 1 with the winder 22 on handle before contracting bar 1;Adopt The length of device and picking can start to pluck work after being provided with, and fruit picker harvesting first uses hand pinching handle when starting 21, the pulled down wire 31 of handle 21, wire 31 is in fixed pulley 1, fixed pulley 2 33, fixed pulley 3 34 and fixed pulley Become level in the presence of 4 35 and pull back movable blades 42, moved after movable blades 42 and pull spring 44 so that at spring 44 In extended state, then control picker that base of fruit is clamped in blade slide rail 43, then unclamp handle 21, spring 44 shrinks, living Cutting blade 42 moves forward to be engaged with fixed blade 41, cuts base of fruit;Fruit is fallen into iron ring 51, the speed-reducing rubber in gauze passage 52 The gravity of the removal fruits of piece 520, makes fruit be fallen into slow speed in collecting box 53, fruit is entered by collecting box 53 During mouth, sensing counter 531 will count once;The beam 532 of the bottom of collecting box 53 can protect fruit, avoid fruit with The direct collision of collecting box 53, ensure the integrity degree of fruit;Operation fruit-picking, after collecting box 53 is filled with into, beats more than repeating Unpacking door 533, fruit can be poured out from the outlet of the side of collecting box 53.So far, objects of the present invention are accomplished.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention God any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., should be included in the scope of the protection with principle.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of portable fruit picker, it is characterised in that including expansion link, handle component, traction component, shearing component And collecting part;
Expansion link, the expansion link are provided with a slotted eye;
Shearing component, the shearing component are arranged on the telescopic rod end, and the shearing component includes fixed blade, movable blade Piece, blade slide rail, spring and connecting rod, described blade slide rail one end are fixedly installed in the telescopic rod end, the fixation Blade is arranged on the other end of the blade slide rail, and the movable blades are arranged on the blade slide rail, the spring one End is fixed on the blade slide rail, and described connecting rod one end is fixed on the movable blades, and the other end is connected to the bullet On spring;
Handle component, the handle component are arranged on the other end of expansion link, and the handle component includes handle and winder, institute State handle to be hinged on the expansion link, the winder is fixedly installed on the handle;
Traction component, the traction component includes wire, fixed pulley one, fixed pulley two, fixed pulley three and fixed pulley four, described Fixed pulley one and fixed pulley two are oppositely arranged in the side wall of the slotted eye, and the fixed pulley three and fixed pulley four are arranged on described On expansion link, described wire one end is fixedly connected on the movable blades, around the fixed pulley three and fixed pulley four, and Through the fixed pulley one and fixed pulley two, finally wind in the winder;
Collecting part, the collecting part include iron ring, gauze passage and collecting box, and the iron ring is fixedly installed on the blade The underface of slide rail, the gauze passage end are connected on the iron ring, and the other end is connected on the collecting box.
2. portable fruit picker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the spring is arranged on blade slide rail Lower section, the connecting rod are in doorframe shape.
3. portable fruit picker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fixed blade and movable blades It is serrated.
4. portable fruit picker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the blade slide rail side is provided with and opened Mouthful.
5. portable fruit picker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the gauze vias inner walls are provided with Some speed-reducing rubber pieces.
6. portable fruit picker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the collecting box and gauze passage Sensing counter is provided with connector, the collecting box bottom is provided with a beam, and the collecting box side is provided with a chamber door, institute State collecting box and be provided with two braces.
CN201711052858.2A 2017-11-01 2017-11-01 A kind of portable fruit picker Pending CN107567817A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711052858.2A CN107567817A (en) 2017-11-01 2017-11-01 A kind of portable fruit picker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711052858.2A CN107567817A (en) 2017-11-01 2017-11-01 A kind of portable fruit picker

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107567817A true CN107567817A (en) 2018-01-12

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ID=61040934

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711052858.2A Pending CN107567817A (en) 2017-11-01 2017-11-01 A kind of portable fruit picker

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107567817A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108401662A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-08-17 宣城雏创信息科技有限公司 A kind of picker that can be adjusted according to fruit size
CN108566828A (en) * 2018-05-02 2018-09-25 上海工程技术大学 A kind of fruit picker based on universal cutting mechanism
CN108848914A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-11-23 宁波工程学院 Backpack type one hand picker
CN108901354A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-30 黄超 A kind of walnut seed harvester facilitating collection
CN109041798A (en) * 2018-09-05 2018-12-21 浙江大学 A kind of eminence fruit picker
CN110583203A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-12-20 宜春学院 Harvesting device of sole dioscorea
CN110603956A (en) * 2019-09-24 2019-12-24 六安市兆丰商贸有限责任公司 White peach picking device

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN204090563U (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-14 四川职业技术学院 A kind of fruit picking device
CN104541772A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-04-29 张合安 Two-way Chinese date picker and method thereof
CN204697533U (en) * 2015-05-11 2015-10-14 西南科技大学 A kind of overhead fruit picking device
CN204721868U (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-10-28 刘国佼 High-altitude construction and fruit and vegetable picking instrument
CN106211923A (en) * 2016-09-21 2016-12-14 尹泓 A kind of pack basket for plucking Fructus Mali pumilae
CN107211653A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-09-29 李璇 A kind of picker
CN207460853U (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-06-08 景德镇陶瓷大学 A kind of portable fruit picker

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN204090563U (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-14 四川职业技术学院 A kind of fruit picking device
CN104541772A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-04-29 张合安 Two-way Chinese date picker and method thereof
CN204697533U (en) * 2015-05-11 2015-10-14 西南科技大学 A kind of overhead fruit picking device
CN204721868U (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-10-28 刘国佼 High-altitude construction and fruit and vegetable picking instrument
CN106211923A (en) * 2016-09-21 2016-12-14 尹泓 A kind of pack basket for plucking Fructus Mali pumilae
CN107211653A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-09-29 李璇 A kind of picker
CN207460853U (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-06-08 景德镇陶瓷大学 A kind of portable fruit picker

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108401662A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-08-17 宣城雏创信息科技有限公司 A kind of picker that can be adjusted according to fruit size
CN108566828A (en) * 2018-05-02 2018-09-25 上海工程技术大学 A kind of fruit picker based on universal cutting mechanism
CN108901354A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-30 黄超 A kind of walnut seed harvester facilitating collection
CN108848914A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-11-23 宁波工程学院 Backpack type one hand picker
CN109041798A (en) * 2018-09-05 2018-12-21 浙江大学 A kind of eminence fruit picker
CN109041798B (en) * 2018-09-05 2020-07-03 浙江大学 High fruit picking tool
CN110603956A (en) * 2019-09-24 2019-12-24 六安市兆丰商贸有限责任公司 White peach picking device
CN110583203A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-12-20 宜春学院 Harvesting device of sole dioscorea
CN110583203B (en) * 2019-09-25 2021-01-29 宜春学院 Harvesting device of sole dioscorea

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Application publication date: 20180112