CN108044767A - A kind of production method of the Ceramic Tiles of natural-like stone - Google Patents

A kind of production method of the Ceramic Tiles of natural-like stone Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108044767A
CN108044767A CN201711360305.3A CN201711360305A CN108044767A CN 108044767 A CN108044767 A CN 108044767A CN 201711360305 A CN201711360305 A CN 201711360305A CN 108044767 A CN108044767 A CN 108044767A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sintering
mud
powder
method described
ink
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Pending
Application number
CN201711360305.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄岳娇
Original Assignee
黄岳娇
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Priority to CN201711360305.3A priority Critical patent/CN108044767A/en
Publication of CN108044767A publication Critical patent/CN108044767A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/14Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by simple casting, the material being neither forcibly fed nor positively compacted
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B11/00Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles
    • B28B11/001Applying decorations on shaped articles, e.g. by painting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B11/00Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles
    • B28B11/04Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles for coating or applying engobing layers
    • B28B11/044Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles for coating or applying engobing layers with glaze or engobe or enamel or varnish
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B11/00Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles
    • B28B11/24Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles for curing, setting or hardening
    • B28B11/243Setting, e.g. drying, dehydrating or firing ceramic articles
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/515Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on non-oxide ceramics
    • C04B35/56Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on non-oxide ceramics based on carbides or oxycarbides
    • C04B35/565Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on non-oxide ceramics based on carbides or oxycarbides based on silicon carbide
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/62204Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products using waste materials or refuse
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3418Silicon oxide, silicic acids, or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. silica sol, fused silica, silica fume, cristobalite, quartz or flint
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/65Aspects relating to heat treatments of ceramic bodies such as green ceramics or pre-sintered ceramics, e.g. burning, sintering or melting processes
    • C04B2235/66Specific sintering techniques, e.g. centrifugal sintering
    • C04B2235/661Multi-step sintering

Abstract

A kind of production method of stone-imitating ceramic brick.The production method of the present invention comprises the following steps:(1)It is prepared by mud, mixture;(2)Spray sodium hydroxide solution;(3)Charity powder;(4)Cutting prepares moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake;(5)Moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake is dry, adobe is made in punching press;(6)Sintering;(7)Rubbing down is processed.The ceramic brick structure that the method for the present invention obtains is more fine and close, adds in powder, improves the density and wear-resisting property of product;Using sintering process three times, and add among different sintering intervals the ink of different efficacies so that pattern lines in the Ceramic Tiles produced is relatively sharp, naturally, and with three-dimensional sense, Integral decoration is better.

Description

A kind of production method of the Ceramic Tiles of natural-like stone
Technical field
The present invention relates to ceramic fields, and in particular to a kind of production method of the Ceramic Tiles of natural-like stone.
Background technology
At present, in ceramic wall and floor bricks production process, the ceramic tile of imitating natural stone texture is increasingly becoming mainstream, also increasingly Obtain the high praise of consumer.There are two types of the common methods that natural stone texture is presented, they are silk-screen printing and grille strip respectively Line cloth method, wherein method for printing screen are there is larger defect, the texture lines and the texture lines of lithotome formed Compare, there is lines it is excessively thick, inflexible, simulation quality is poor the defects of, meanwhile, also there are colors to be extremely limited for silk-screen printing, color development Not bright-coloured enough deficiency.And grid striped distributing method can only also produce some coarse, rough texture lines, such texture It is limited by cloth grid, dull can only presenting is identical to the grid generally about pattern of formula, and natural stone texture line can not be presented The fine and smooth sense of item and level effect.
The content of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a kind of production method of the Ceramic Tiles of natural-like stone.
The present invention is realized using following technical scheme:A kind of production method of the Ceramic Tiles of natural-like stone, including with Lower step:
(1)By conventional ceramic brick raw material and coloring material for mixing be made moisture content be 15%-20% mud, be then mixed into mud with Color particulate material devious after pug sintered, and stir and mixture is made;
(2)By mixture distributor in forming mud layer in solid hopper, one layer of sodium hydroxide solution is sprayed;
(3)One layer of powder of charity forms powder layer on mud layer;
(4)Longitudinally cutting, acquisition moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake is carried out to mud pier;
(5)The moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake of well cutting is dried, adobe is made in punching press;
(6)Sintering;
(7)Rubbing down is processed:The product for being sintered postcooling is polished into edging.
The mass concentration of the sodium hydroxide solution is 10-22.5%.
The step(2)Powder is ceramic powder, carborundum, the mixture of silica flour, and grain size is 200-300 mesh;Powder Dosage is the 20-30% of mud.
The step(6)Sintering temperature be 600-1000 DEG C.
The spot rate is not less than 90%.
Another technical solution of the present invention is to increase following steps in above-mentioned preparation process:In step(6)The sintering Afterwards, the charity organic solvent type ceramic ink on green body, applies clear frit frit;Then second of sintering is being carried out;At second Charity can generate the ink for dialling glaze effect on sintered green body;Third time sintering is carried out again, then carries out rubbing down processing.
The temperature of second of sintering is 800-1100 DEG C;The temperature of third time sintering is 1150-1250 DEG C.
The ink that group glaze effect can be generated is prepared into using the technical solution of patent CN 104830156A embodiments 1 It arrives.Preferably, generate organic solvent type ceramic ink or dial the dosage of the ink of glaze effect as 25-45g/ m2
Preferably, particulate material accounts for the 10-15% of mixture;The ceramic powder, carborundum, the mixed proportion of silica flour are 1: 2:1。
Mud and powder stacking cloth are obtained the mud pier of certain volume by the present invention in solid hopper, by cutter to mud pier It is longitudinally cutting obtain the adobe of imitating natural stone texture fine, true to nature, finished product is made more to be comparable to some with acinose texture Lithotome;Polylith adobe is obtained after the cutting of monoblock mud pier, production efficiency is high.Sodium hydroxide solution is added in preparation process pair Material is handled, and the product structure of acquisition is more fine and close, adds in powder, improves the density and wear-resisting property of product.
Second technical solution of the present invention, using sintering process three times, and adds in not among different sintering intervals With the ink of effect so that pattern lines in the Ceramic Tiles produced is relatively sharp, naturally, and with three-dimensional sense, it is whole Excellent decoration effect.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described with the following Examples.
A kind of Ceramic Tiles of 1 natural-like stone of embodiment, are prepared using following steps:
(1)The mud that moisture content is 20% is made in conventional ceramic brick raw material and coloring material for mixing, is then mixed into mud and mud Color particulate material devious after sintering, and stir and mixture is made;
(2)By mixture distributor in forming mud layer in solid hopper, one layer of sodium hydroxide solution is sprayed;The sodium hydroxide solution Mass concentration be 18%;
(3)One layer of powder of charity forms powder layer on mud layer;Powder is ceramic powder, carborundum, silica flour in mass ratio 1: 2:1 mixture, grain size are 300 mesh;Powder dosage is the 20% of mud;
(4)Longitudinally cutting, acquisition moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake is carried out to mud pier;
(5)The moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake of well cutting is dried, adobe is made in punching press;
(6)Sintering;It is sintered at 700-8500 DEG C;Then charity organic solvent type ceramic ink, dosage are on green body 35g/ m2, apply clear frit frit;Then carrying out in 800-1100 DEG C of second of sintering;On second of sintered green body Charity can generate the ink for dialling glaze effect, and the ink for dialling glaze effect that can generate is using patent CN 104830156A embodiments 1 Technical solution be prepared, dosage be 45g/ m2;Again third time sintering is carried out at 1150-1250 DEG C;
(7)Rubbing down is processed:The product for being sintered postcooling is polished into edging.
A kind of Ceramic Tiles of 2 natural-like stone of embodiment, are prepared using following steps:
(1)The mud that moisture content is 20% is made in conventional ceramic brick raw material and coloring material for mixing, is then mixed into mud and mud Color particulate material devious after sintering, and stir and mixture is made;
(2)By mixture distributor in forming mud layer in solid hopper, one layer of sodium hydroxide solution is sprayed;The sodium hydroxide solution Mass concentration be 20%;
(3)One layer of powder of charity forms powder layer on mud layer;Powder is ceramic powder, carborundum, silica flour in mass ratio 1: 2:1 mixture, grain size are 200 mesh;Powder dosage is the 30% of mud;
(4)Longitudinally cutting, acquisition moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake is carried out to mud pier;
(5)The moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake of well cutting is dried, adobe is made in punching press;
(6)Sintering;It is sintered at 800-900 DEG C;Then the charity organic solvent type ceramic ink on green body, applies clear frit and melts Block, dosage are 40g/ m2;Then carrying out in 950-1100 DEG C of second of sintering;The charity on second of sintered green body The ink for dialling glaze effect can be generated, the ink that glaze effect is dialled in the energy generation uses the skill of patent CN 104830156A embodiments 1 Art scheme is prepared, and dosage is 25g/ m2;Again third time sintering is carried out at 1150-1250 DEG C;
(7)Rubbing down is processed:The product for being sintered postcooling is polished into edging.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of production method of the Ceramic Tiles of natural-like stone, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
(1)By conventional ceramic brick raw material and coloring material for mixing be made moisture content be 15%-20% mud, be then mixed into mud with Color particulate material devious after pug sintered, and stir and mixture is made;
(2)By mixture distributor in forming mud layer in solid hopper, one layer of sodium hydroxide solution is sprayed;
(3)One layer of powder of charity forms powder layer on mud layer;
(4)Longitudinally cutting, acquisition moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake is carried out to mud pier;
(5)The moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake of well cutting is dried, adobe is made in punching press;
(6)Sintering;
(7)Rubbing down is processed:The product for being sintered postcooling is polished into edging.
2. according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, further include following steps:In step(6)After the sintering, Charity organic solvent type ceramic ink on green body, applies clear frit frit;Then second of sintering is being carried out;After second is sintered Green body on charity can generate dial glaze effect ink;Third time sintering is carried out again, then carries out rubbing down processing.
3. according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the mass concentration of the sodium hydroxide solution is 10-22.5%.
4. according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the step(2)Powder be ceramic powder or quartz powder, grain Footpath is 200-300 mesh;Powder dosage is the 20-30% of mud.
5. according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the step(6)Sintering temperature be 600-1000 DEG C.
6. according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the spot rate be not less than 90%.
7. according to the method described in claim 2, it is characterized in that, the temperature of second sintering is 800-1100 DEG C;3rd The temperature of secondary sintering is 1150-1250 DEG C.
8. according to the method described in claim 2, it is characterized in that, it is described can generate dial glaze effect ink use patent CN The technical solution of 104830156A embodiments 1 is prepared.
9. according to the method described in claim 2, it is characterized in that, the organic solvent type ceramic ink or generate and dial glaze effect The dosage of ink is 25-45g/ m2
CN201711360305.3A 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 A kind of production method of the Ceramic Tiles of natural-like stone Pending CN108044767A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711360305.3A CN108044767A (en) 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 A kind of production method of the Ceramic Tiles of natural-like stone

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CN201711360305.3A CN108044767A (en) 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 A kind of production method of the Ceramic Tiles of natural-like stone

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110293224A (en) * 2019-07-18 2019-10-01 广州番禺职业技术学院 A kind of smithcraft ornaments and preparation method thereof with mottled colour

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1887558A (en) * 2006-07-20 2007-01-03 广东东鹏陶瓷股份有限公司 Material distributing method and device for making ceramic tile with imitative stone grains
KR20080072984A (en) * 2007-02-05 2008-08-08 (주) 이노쎄라 Method of producing ceramic body by sedimentation and ceramic body thus produced
CN105984033A (en) * 2015-03-03 2016-10-05 佛山市东鹏陶瓷有限公司 Method for producing natural stone imitating ceramic tile with spots
CN106565208A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-04-19 安徽筑园景新型建材科技有限公司 High-performance environment-friendly building material brick
CN106938918A (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-07-11 玉林龙升建筑装饰工程有限公司 A kind of production technology of resistance to acids and bases ceramic material

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1887558A (en) * 2006-07-20 2007-01-03 广东东鹏陶瓷股份有限公司 Material distributing method and device for making ceramic tile with imitative stone grains
KR20080072984A (en) * 2007-02-05 2008-08-08 (주) 이노쎄라 Method of producing ceramic body by sedimentation and ceramic body thus produced
CN105984033A (en) * 2015-03-03 2016-10-05 佛山市东鹏陶瓷有限公司 Method for producing natural stone imitating ceramic tile with spots
CN106565208A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-04-19 安徽筑园景新型建材科技有限公司 High-performance environment-friendly building material brick
CN106938918A (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-07-11 玉林龙升建筑装饰工程有限公司 A kind of production technology of resistance to acids and bases ceramic material

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110293224A (en) * 2019-07-18 2019-10-01 广州番禺职业技术学院 A kind of smithcraft ornaments and preparation method thereof with mottled colour
CN110293224B (en) * 2019-07-18 2021-07-27 广州番禺职业技术学院 Metal craft ornament with mottled colors and manufacturing method thereof

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Application publication date: 20180518