CN1019293B - Ceramic colour streaks products and manufacturing method - Google Patents

Ceramic colour streaks products and manufacturing method

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Publication number
CN1019293B
CN1019293B CN 88105233 CN88105233A CN1019293B CN 1019293 B CN1019293 B CN 1019293B CN 88105233 CN88105233 CN 88105233 CN 88105233 A CN88105233 A CN 88105233A CN 1019293 B CN1019293 B CN 1019293B
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China
Prior art keywords
base substrate
mud
pug
raw material
thermal treatment
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
CN 88105233
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Chinese (zh)
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CN88105233A (en
Inventor
李鸿仓
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李鸿仓
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Publication date
Application filed by 李鸿仓 filed Critical 李鸿仓
Priority to CN 88105233 priority Critical patent/CN1019293B/en
Publication of CN88105233A publication Critical patent/CN88105233A/en
Publication of CN1019293B publication Critical patent/CN1019293B/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a ceramic product with color strips and a manufacture method thereof. Raw materials for producing ceramic products are prepared and processed into mud, granules and slurry with more than two colors; mud, slurry, etc. having various natural stripes all over are prepared by stacking extrusion, cutting arrangement, mixing extrusion, plastic flow change, vacuum spiral extrusion, etc; product blanks are formed by die extrusion, rolling, filtration, suction filtration, etc; architectural decoration products, domestic ceramic products and industrial art products decorated with various natural patterns, suchas stripes of mountains, strips of clouds, etc. are prepared by burning, grinding and wiping. After the transparent glaze is applied to the products, the under-glaze products are prepared.

Description

Ceramic colour streaks products and manufacturing method
The present invention is novel Tao Yu product of a class and manufacture method thereof.This that relates in the invention kind of Tao Yu product and manufacture method thereof are with the Production of Ceramics raw material of different natural chromaticness and add the product that colorant is produced aspects such as a kind of building decoration that has an entire body decorative pattern, domestic ceramics, daily necessities, furniture decoration, industrial art.
The inventor has applied for that to Patent Office of the People's Republic of China publication number is the patent of invention of CN85102535 " a kind of ceramic brick (plate) and manufacture method thereof " on April 1st, 1985, and is open on January 17th, 1985, now proposed the examination as to substances request.Ceramic brick (plate) is a kind of building decorative product that the entire body natural figure is arranged that is fired into clay, it is with two or more different colours clays or adds different colorants, processing respectively, pugging respectively, but utilize the character of its plastic rheology, the pug of different chromaticness is drawn through mixing to soften, the cutting extruding, form in conjunction with firm, geology is fine and closely woven, inside and outside all dapple pug, through cutting extruding once more, make it become flaky mud band or clod, a little after the drying, can be made into the base substrate of different shape and size, through scraped finish processing, make the smooth decorative pattern of its surfacing clear, form through exercise again.But the range of application of the product of " ceramic brick (plate) and manufacture method thereof " is narrower, and its raw material and manufacture method are more single.
The inventor implements through nearly 3 years development, has proposed the patent of invention of application " Tao Yu product and manufacture method thereof ", has enlarged the use raw material range, has enlarged the product use range, and has proposed multiple moulding manufacture method.
Tao Yu product of the present invention is realized with the following methods:
Production ceramic product raw material with one or more natural chromaticness of formulated.Pug, mud, the pug particle of the pug of manufacturing, mud, pug particle or adding colorant utilize plastic compression, half-dried pressure; filter is pressed, and methods such as roll extrusion are made the building decoration that has the entire body natural figure, domestic ceramics; daily necessities, furniture decoration, the product base substrate of industrial art.
Tao Yu product of the present invention can be made into multiple entire body floral designs, as the decorative pattern lines of scenery with hills and waters line, volume heart line, moire, wave line, curved grain, wood grain coil line, snake bag, bag, snowflake line, plum kikumon etc. and various chromaticness thereof.
Tao Yu product of the present invention, the colorant that can add, as: manganese oxide, titanium oxide, ferric oxide, cobalt oxide, tricobalt tetroxide, chromium sesquioxide, cupric oxide etc.
Tao Yu manufacturing process and product flow process of the present invention by the processing of feed proportioning, raw material, pugging separately, system line, burn till, operations such as grinding, glaze firing form, its key process technology is raw material processing, makes line and forming method thereof.Pug processing mainly is the pug of all kinds that will prepare, processing (coarse crushing) respectively, and ball milling powdered (water for ball milling, dry grinding etc.) dewaters (filter mud, fiery pit drying make its water ratio reach 20-30%) respectively respectively, and then difference vacuum refining mud.Its system line forming method, can adopt following several:
A, the moulding of manual system line;
B, the moulding of machinery system line;
C, manual system line, the moulding of mud machinery system line;
D, the moulding of mud particle processing system line;
E, the moulding of color slurry system line.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing Tao Yu product of the present invention and manufacture method thereof are further specified:
Accompanying drawing 1 is the process flow sheet of the manual system of Tao Yu product line moulding.
The pug of all kinds that vacuum is practised cuts into sheet, and is stacked repeatedly, extruding repeatedly, thus form each color patterned pug.Again the decorative pattern pug is cut into sheet, mud bar decorative pattern structural arrangement according to cut surface goes out required pattern, place extrusion molding in the mould, the decorative pattern moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake that present method forms is suitable for producing and is decorated with scenery with hills and waters line, volume heart line, the building decoration of curved grain, furniture decoration, industrial art product.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the process flow sheet of machinery system line moulding.
Will be through the pug of difference vacuum pugging, put into extruser (forcing machine mud cylinder diameter 250-500mm, the long 400-600mm of mud cylinder) respectively or simultaneously, the decorative pattern mud bar of extruding can directly be cut into the goods base substrate, and the product base substrate that this method forms generally presents graininess entire body decorative pattern.The decorative pattern mud bar that forcing machine is extruded, with steel wire cut into inch strips, bulk, select to arrange desired pattern according to the pattern structure of cut surface, place extrusion molding in the mould then, promptly become the blank of product.
Fig. 3 is manual system line, mud machinery system line moulding process schema.
The raw material of all kinds of formulated, be respectively charged in the water polo grinding machine, the ratio of water to material example is, 6: 4,5.5: 4.5,5: 5, the ball milling material fineness is between 250 mesh screen residue 0.1-6%, ball milling is gone out mud of all kinds seasoning respectively, with slush pump mud of all kinds can be injected respectively also and can inject by the priority time difference then, or injection has eyelet simultaneously, be equipped with in the mould of drainage layer, by controlling the flow of different chromaticness mud, flow velocity, pressure, successively the time difference, form decorative pattern mud, under 4-20 atmospheric pressure, mud moisture content is deviate from fast, forms the good decorative pattern moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake of density in the mould.The decorative pattern moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake can be directly used in the base substrate of product, and this base substrate can present the natural figure of moire shape, marble grain shape.Also the decorative pattern base substrate can be cut, be arranged as required figure according to pattern structure after, place compression moulding in the mould, promptly become the base substrate of product.This base substrate presents scenery with hills and waters line, curved grain etc.
Fig. 4 is pug particle processing system line moulding process schema.
The clay drying of all kinds that feed proportioning is processed is between the water ratio 6-15%; make the particle of all size with different sieve apertures; then the feed particles of different chromaticness is mixed and place compression moulding in the mould; particle moisture high be half Wet-pressing molding; particle moisture low be half-dried molded, the base substrate of this method moulding can present snowflake line, snake bag, bag, plum kikumon, spot line etc.
Fig. 5 is color slurry system line moulding process schema.
The mud of ball milling injects respectively then, injects or inject simultaneously and carry out the suction filtration moulding in the suction filtration mould by the priority time difference according to chromaticness seasoning respectively.It is that 18-25% promptly becomes the decorative pattern moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake that suction filtration forms that the moisture content of the mud of all kinds that injects is evacuated to the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake water content, and this moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake can be directly used in the base substrate of product, is the base substrate of product after also can becoming cutting, arrangement, compression moulding.The product base substrate that this method is made can present scenery with hills and waters line, moire, bag, marble grain etc.
Tao Yu product of the present invention and manufacture method thereof, available above-mentioned system line forming method, form the green compact of product of the present invention, green compact are after repaired biscuit, drying, biscuiting, grinding, the entire body natural figure that product is all had inside and outside presenting, base substrate after the biscuiting is behind grinding and polishing, make product surface present natural figure clearly, its product surface is smooth, bright and clean, the biscuit after grinding is as pinhole occurring, available organic and inorganic filler, pug are filled and are improved product surface degree of compactness and decorative effect, and pug need burn till after filling once more.Biscuit after the grinding can directly become decorative product, executes transparent, can become the glaze product after glaze firing.
Tao Yu product of the present invention and manufacture method thereof, the various decorative pattern pugs that produce with aforesaid method, method with sculpture, model hand-pressing, plastic compression, roll forming is suitable for products such as manufacturing process artistic products, domestic ceramics, daily necessities, and extruding, half-dried pressure, filter are pressed, the manufacture method of suction filtration moulding is applicable to and produces building decorative product, furniture decoration product.
The advantage of Tao Yu product:
Domestic and international at present architectural pottery product, domestic ceramics, daily necessities and workmanship thereof etc. of producing, general is basic raw material with the monochromatic raw material of preparing all, hybrid process, with method moulding such as half-dried pressure (architectural pottery), slip casting, roll extrusion, product appearance is generally used monochrome, and glaze color printing, glaze rheology lathe work are decorative effect.
Tao Yu product and manufacture method thereof, making architectural pottery, domestic ceramics, daily necessities and the workmanship thereof of producing is basic raw material with the plurality of raw materials chromaticness or the adding pigment of preparation generally, the raw material of different chromaticness is all with processing respectively, with several different methods moulding such as plastic compression, the half-dried pressure of extruding (architectural pottery), filter pressure, suction filtration, hand-pressing, roll extrusion, generally based on plastic compression, extrusion molding, plastic compression, extruding have formed product efficient height, moulding percentage of A-class goods height, the low advantage of power consumption.Product appearance with grind, wipe, polish and execute the lines that present the natural figure of raw material chromaticness of all kinds, natural chromaticness behind the transparent (through glaze firing) vivid, be rich in the intensive artistic decorative effect, be rising star's product in present ceramic product glaze lathe work, natural marble lathe work, the artificial marble colour streaks products.
The Tao Yu production cost of products is low, product decoration be worth high, produce good in economic efficiencyly, be that the economic and technical norms of example are as follows to produce the ceramic colour streaks building decorative product:
Ceramic colour streaks brick glaze face brick
Production cost (every M 2) 8 yuan of (no glazes) 9 yuan
Every M 225 yuan 14 yuan of sale prices
Profit 68% 36%
Embodiment:
As the coloured clay of usefulness 30-70% and the ridge of 70-30%, the solvent raw material is (as quartz, various grog refractories, feldspar, wollastonite etc.) make the raw material of two or more natural chromaticness, pigment about adding 1-10% is (as manganese oxide, cupric oxide etc.) raw material, processing respectively, and carry out water for ball milling, the ball milling material fineness is generally between the 250 mesh screen residue 0.1-6%, then the mud of ball milling (is used mud press through dehydration respectively, dehydrations such as oven dry), the moisture content that makes pug of all kinds is between 18-35%, distinguish vacuum pugging again, the pug of practising respectively of all kinds is used respectively, successively, or the blended method is clamp-oned in the system line forcing machine, the decorative pattern pug of extruding is through the structure of cutting according to decorative pattern, be arranged as needed pattern, place extrusion molding in the plastic compression mould then, the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake of moulding is sent in the far-infrared dryer dry, the base substrate of drying, can go into calcining kiln and burn till (tunnel furnace, the kiln of falling the cigarette, rolling tunnel kiln all can), firing temperature can be according to the quality standard decision of product, generally between 1000-1200 ℃, biscuit through burning till can directly be used terrazzo, the cutting of cutting and grinding equipment such as marble, grind, polishing, promptly become no glaze Tao Yu building decorative product, as execute transparent after burn till and to become glaze Tao Yu building decorative product.No overglaze is applicable to decoration of exterior wall, has overglaze to be applicable to the internal wall brick decoration.

Claims (21)

1, a kind of manufacture method of the Jade products of making pottery is characterized in that:
(1) add an amount of colour generation raw material or toner respectively in ceramic raw material and also carry out ball milling respectively, material-water ratio is 4~5.5: 5~6 (weight), and the ball milling material fineness is 250 mesh screen residues 0.1~6% (weight).
(2) the mud seasoning respectively of the various different chromaticness that will be obtained by (1), slush pump injects the mud of various chromaticness respectively or injects simultaneously or injects an eye with holes by the priority time difference then, is equipped with in the mould of drainage layer.
(3) the priority time difference of flow, flow velocity, pressure and the injection mould of the various different chromaticness mud of adjusting control is to form needed pattern structure;
(4) under 4~20 atmospheric pressure, the moisture of mud in the mould is deviate from fast, formed base substrate with entire body decorative pattern;
(5) with the body drying after the moulding;
(6) dried base substrate is carried out sintering or thermal treatment.
2, according to the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that preferably the water content of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake in the mould behind the fast dewatering is controlled at 18~25%(weight).
3,, put into mould compression moulding after it is characterized in that the cutting of (4) formed base substrate is arranged in required pattern according to pattern structure according to the method for claim 1.
4,, it is characterized in that drawing method comprises roll extrusion, spinning and other traditional briquetting process according to the method for claim 3.
5,, it is characterized in that behind (5) body drying once-firing is carried out in glazing then according to the method for claim 1.
6,, it is characterized in that behind (5) body drying, carrying out biscuiting or thermal treatment according to the method for claim 1.
7,, it is characterized in that carrying out surface treatment behind (5) body drying or after base substrate biscuiting or the thermal treatment according to the method for claim 1 and 6.
8,, it is characterized in that surface treatment comprises grinding or polishing according to the method for claim 7.
9,, it is characterized in that glazing is burnt till or thermal treatment on the base substrate after grinding or polishing according to the method for claim 7 or 8.
10,, it is characterized in that twice firing or thermal treatment are carried out in glazing on the base substrate after biscuiting or the thermal treatment according to the method for claim 6.
11, a kind of manufacture method of the Jade products of making pottery is characterized in that:
(1) in ceramic raw material, adds an amount of colour generation raw material or toner respectively, grind respectively, distinguish pugging, make the pug of various different chromaticness;
(2) with the clay drying of various different chromaticness to water ratio 6~15%;
(3) sieve with different sieve apertures will become the different particle of granularity by the raw material sieve series that (2) obtain;
(4) feed particles that is obtained by (3) of different chromaticness is mixed and be positioned over compression moulding in the mould;
(5) base substrate after the moulding is carried out drying;
(6) base substrate after the moulding is carried out sintering or thermal treatment.
12,, it is characterized in that adopting half-dried molded to the lower pug particle of water ratio according to the method for claim 11.
13,, it is characterized in that the lower pug particle of water ratio is adopted half Wet-pressing molding according to the method for claim 11.
14, according to the method for claim 11, it is characterized in that glazing behind (5) body drying, carry out once-firing.
15, according to the method for claim 11, it is characterized in that behind (5) body drying (6) base substrate burns till or thermal treatment after, carry out surface treatment.
16,, it is characterized in that surface treatment comprises grinding or polishing according to the method for claim 15.
17,, it is characterized in that carrying out twice firing or thermal treatment in glazing on the base substrate after the surface treatment according to the method for claim 11 and 15.
18, a kind of manufacture method of the Jade products of making pottery is characterized in that:
(1) in ceramic raw material, adds an amount of colour generation raw material or toner respectively, grinding respectively, pugging respectively; Make the pug of various different chromaticness;
(2) pug moisture content is controlled at 18~25%(weight) after carry out vacuum pugging again;
(3) pug of practising respectively of all kinds is clamp-oned system line forcing machine respectively or simultaneously or by the priority time difference;
(4) the decorative pattern pug of extruding is through the base mud of cutting according to the structural arrangement Cheng Suoxu floral designs of decorative pattern;
(5) (4) are made base mud places mould compression moulding;
(6) with the body drying after the moulding;
(7) once-firing or biscuiting are carried out in dried base substrate glazing after glazing carry out glaze firing.
19,, it is characterized in that after dry back or the biscuiting base substrate being ground or polishing according to the method for claim 18.
20,, it is characterized in that step (3) system line in the technological process squeezes mud and is preferably under the condition of vacuumizing and carries out according to the method for claim 18.
21, a kind of product of producing according to the method for one of above-mentioned any claim.
CN 88105233 1988-03-22 1988-03-22 Ceramic colour streaks products and manufacturing method Expired CN1019293B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN1019293B true CN1019293B (en) 1992-12-02

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2000030994A1 (en) * 1998-11-20 2000-06-02 Yang De Ning Slip casting ceramic article of porcelainous body which consists different colour particles, and manufacture method for the same

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CN1091755C (en) * 1995-09-29 2002-10-02 杨德宁 Stereo ceramic granite and marble
CN1052710C (en) * 1997-11-19 2000-05-24 广东佛陶集团股份有限公司石湾建华陶瓷厂 Sanitary ware product with colour blank and high temperature underglaze colour and its producing technology
CN1204009C (en) * 2001-09-10 2005-06-01 杨德宁 Three-dimensional pattern slip casting products with porcelain colour even particle blank
ES2442465B1 (en) * 2012-07-11 2014-08-11 Cosentino Research And Development, S.L. Procedure for manufacturing solid surfaces for construction
CN103072183B (en) * 2013-01-23 2015-04-08 福建省德化县振泰陶瓷有限公司 Technology for forming ceramic pattern
CN105314985A (en) * 2014-07-28 2016-02-10 许秋婷 Color ceramic weaving product production process
CN104944906B (en) * 2014-10-31 2017-09-29 雷绍宋 A kind of color porcelain and preparation method thereof
CN104859363B (en) * 2015-04-21 2018-01-26 许瑞峰 The preparation technology of solid porcelain carving
CN106242499A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-12-21 吴勇龙 A kind of production technology twisting tire porcelain

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2000030994A1 (en) * 1998-11-20 2000-06-02 Yang De Ning Slip casting ceramic article of porcelainous body which consists different colour particles, and manufacture method for the same

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