CN105712712B - A kind of manufacturing method of Scagliola ceramics - Google Patents

A kind of manufacturing method of Scagliola ceramics Download PDF

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CN105712712B
CN105712712B CN201610050380.9A CN201610050380A CN105712712B CN 105712712 B CN105712712 B CN 105712712B CN 201610050380 A CN201610050380 A CN 201610050380A CN 105712712 B CN105712712 B CN 105712712B
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soil
color
parts
original
ceramics
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CN105712712A (en
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孔德安
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Guangdong Yicheng Ceramic Industry Co Ltd
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Guangdong Yicheng Ceramic Industry Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/01Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics
    • C04B35/14Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics based on silica
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of manufacturing methods of Scagliola ceramics, include the following steps:Original soil is prepared, color soil is prepared, prepares composite soil, molding, trimming, biscuiting, glazing, glaze firing, this method is simple, raw material sources are abundant, and cheap, production cost is low, the Scagliola ceramics simulated effect produced is good, decorative pattern is true to nature, rich in color, can manually control tone, to reach ideal purpose, three-dimensional sense is strong, and has the features such as wear-resisting, antifouling.

Description

A kind of manufacturing method of Scagliola ceramics
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of ceramic processing technology, especially a kind of manufacturing method of Scagliola ceramics Technical field.
Background technology
Traditional artificial marble ceramic glazed mainly from based on the technology modes such as marble paper, color glaze of ceramics at present, however flower But there is the shortcomings of stiff, not lively enough, easy to be fuzzy, texture is unnatural for the simulated effect of paper technique;Though and color glaze technique Right simulated effect is good, but preparation process is complicated, and to the concentration requirement of color glaze height, and the color glaze used every time is not easy to recycle Therefore it is serious to be easy to cause glaze water waste, production cost is high, and high energy consumption, efficiency is low, can also cause centainly to pollute, in addition, color glaze Use be also easy to cause to smear unshapeliness, cause color glaze layer thickness inconsistent or sagging, reduce product qualification rate, improve production Cost.
Invention content
Present disclosure is to provide a kind of manufacturing method of Scagliola ceramics, and this method is simple, raw material sources Abundant, cheap, production cost is low, and the Scagliola ceramics simulated effect produced is good, and decorative pattern is true to nature, color is rich Richness can manually control tone, and to reach ideal purpose, three-dimensional sense is strong, and has the features such as wear-resisting, antifouling.
Technical scheme is as follows:A kind of manufacturing method of Scagliola ceramics, specifically comprises the following steps:
A)Prepare original soil:By feldspar, quartz, kaolin, wash mud and clay is mixed to form original soil;
B)Prepare color soil:Take part steps A)The original soil of formation is mixed with ceramic pigment, forms color soil;
C)Prepare composite soil:By step A)The original soil of preparation and step B)The color soil of preparation mixes, and forms composite soil;
D)Molding:Corresponding product mold is got out, the step C composite soils prepared are put into mold, then equipped with mixed The mold of conjunction soil is put into the die sleeve of rolling board after placement steadily again by rolling running at high speed for head, its composite soil is allowed to exist Roll forming under the drive of head operating, obtains green compact;
E)Trimming:By step D)The green compact of acquisition are dried, then are surface-treated, remove green surface soil bits, Grogs;
F)Biscuiting:By step E)Green compact after processed, which are packed into kiln, to be burnt into, and firing temperature is 640 ~ 660 DEG C, firing time is 3 ~ 4 h;
G)Glazing:By step F)Green compact after processed are immersed in glaze water, and the glaze water is clear frit water, a concentration of 38~40%;
H)Glaze firing:By step G)Green compact after processed are put into kiln, with 1180 DEG C ~ 1200 DEG C of high-temperature firing, are burnt Time processed is 10 ~ 12h, and finished product is made.
Preferably, each component in the original soil is calculated by weight as:20 parts of feldspar, quartzy 27 parts, kaolin 15 Part washes 20 parts of mud, 8 parts of clay.
Preferably, each component in the color soil is calculated by weight as:20 parts of original soil, 0.1 ~ 1 part of ceramic pigment, institute Ceramic pigment dosage is stated to be adjusted according to required color category and depth effect.
Preferably, each component in the composite soil is calculated by weight as:100 parts of original soil, 10 ~ 20 parts of color soil, institute Color soil dosage is stated to be adjusted according to required color category and depth effect.
Preferably, the head rotating speed of the roller press is 1400 revs/min.
Preferably, the step E)The surface treatment of trimming is with the flash at scraper removal mouth side and footing, recycling Sponge glues water and carries out surface clean.
Preferably, the step C)Composite soil is prepared as preparing using pug mill, and the original soil is launched in pug mill In major trough, the color soil is launched in the secondary slot of pug mill, in major trough axis whipping process of the original soil in major trough, color soil by Secondary slot, which is sent, to be mixed into major trough with original soil, and the vacuum pressure in the major trough is 70/cmHg.Mixing speed is 2000 revs/min.
Preferably, the ceramic pigment is that the ceramic toner of one or more different colours forms.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1)Method is simple, and required raw material sources are abundant, and cheap, production cost is low, the emulation Dali produced Feldspar simulated effect is good, and decorative pattern is true to nature, rich in color, can manually control tone, to reach ideal purpose, three-dimensional sense By force, and has the features such as wear-resisting, antifouling.
2)The main of the present invention use raw material native for color, can directly coat clear frit, substantially increase product quality and Technological process, and the present invention is low to clear frit concentration requirement, and for different colours effect emulation Dali feldspar It uses, the waste of clear frit will not be caused.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
A kind of manufacturing method of Scagliola ceramics is as follows:
A)Prepare original soil:It is calculated by weight as:20 parts of feldspar, 15 parts of kaolin, washes 20 parts of mud, clay 8 at 27 parts of quartz Part, by feldspar, quartz, kaolin, wash mud and clay is mixed to form original soil;
B)Prepare color soil:It is calculated by weight as:1 part of 20 parts of original soil, ceramic pigment mixing, original soil and ceramic pigment are mixed It closes, forms color soil, ceramic pigment is black pigment;
C)Prepare composite soil:It is calculated by weight as:100 parts of original soil, 20 parts of color soil, original soil is mixed with color soil, is formed Composite soil;Preparation process uses pugging machine equipment, and original soil is launched in the major trough of pug mill, and color soil launches the pair in pug mill In slot, in major trough axis whipping process of the original soil in major trough, color soil is sent by secondary slot and is mixed into major trough with original soil, in the major trough Vacuum pressure be 70/cmHg.Mixing speed is 2000 revs/min;
D)Molding:Corresponding product mold is got out, the step C composite soils prepared are put into mold, then equipped with mixed The mold of conjunction soil is put into the die sleeve of rolling board after placement steadily again by rolling running at high speed for head, its composite soil is allowed to exist Roll forming under the drive of head operating, obtains green compact;The head rotating speed of roller press is 1400 revs/min;
E)Trimming:By step D)The green compact of acquisition are dried, then are surface-treated, remove green surface soil bits, Grogs;In surface treatment process, the flash at mouth side and footing first is removed with scraper, recycles sponge to glue water progress surface clear It washes;
F)Biscuiting:By step E)Green compact after processed, which are packed into kiln, to be burnt into, and firing temperature is 660 DEG C, is burnt It is 3h at the time;
G)Glazing:By step F)Green compact after processed are immersed in glaze water, and the glaze water is clear frit water, a concentration of 38~40%;
H)Glaze firing:By step G)Green compact after processed are put into kiln, with 1200 DEG C of high-temperature firing 10h, are made black The marbled Scagliola ceramics of color.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of manufacturing method of Scagliola ceramics is as follows:
A)Prepare original soil:It is calculated by weight as:20 parts of feldspar, 15 parts of kaolin, washes 20 parts of mud, clay 8 at 27 parts of quartz Part, by feldspar, quartz, kaolin, wash mud and clay is mixed to form original soil;
B)Prepare color soil:It is calculated by weight as:0.5 part of 20 parts of original soil, ceramic pigment mixing, by original soil and ceramic pigment Mixing, forms color soil, and ceramic pigment is blue colorant;
C)Prepare composite soil:It is calculated by weight as:100 parts of original soil, 15 parts of color soil, original soil is mixed with color soil, is formed Composite soil;Preparation process uses pugging machine equipment, and original soil is launched in the major trough of pug mill, and color soil launches the pair in pug mill In slot, in major trough axis whipping process of the original soil in major trough, color soil is sent by secondary slot and is mixed into major trough with original soil, in the major trough Vacuum pressure be 70/cmHg.Mixing speed is 2000 revs/min;
D)Molding:Corresponding product mold is got out, the step C composite soils prepared are put into mold, then equipped with mixed The mold of conjunction soil is put into the die sleeve of rolling board after placement steadily again by rolling running at high speed for head, its composite soil is allowed to exist Roll forming under the drive of head operating, obtains green compact;The head rotating speed of roller press is 1400 revs/min;
E)Trimming:By step D)The green compact of acquisition are dried, then are surface-treated, remove green surface soil bits, Grogs;In surface treatment process, the flash at mouth side and footing first is removed with scraper, recycles sponge to glue water progress surface clear It washes;
F)Biscuiting:By step E)Green compact after processed, which are packed into kiln, to be burnt into, and firing temperature is 640 DEG C, is burnt It is 4h at the time;
G)Glazing:By step F)Green compact after processed are immersed in glaze water, and the glaze water is clear frit water, a concentration of 38~40%;
H)Glaze firing:By step G)Green compact after processed are put into kiln, and with 1180 DEG C of high-temperature firing 12h, orchid is made The marbled Scagliola ceramics of color.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of manufacturing method of Scagliola ceramics is as follows:
A)Prepare original soil:It is calculated by weight as:20 parts of feldspar, 15 parts of kaolin, washes 20 parts of mud, clay 8 at 27 parts of quartz Part, by feldspar, quartz, kaolin, wash mud and clay is mixed to form original soil;
B)Prepare color soil:It is calculated by weight as:0.1 part of 20 parts of original soil, ceramic pigment mixing, by original soil and ceramic pigment Mixing, forms color soil, and ceramic pigment is yellow colorant;
C)Prepare composite soil:It is calculated by weight as:100 parts of original soil, 10 parts of color soil, original soil is mixed with color soil, is formed Composite soil;Preparation process uses pugging machine equipment, and original soil is launched in the major trough of pug mill, and color soil launches the pair in pug mill In slot, in major trough axis whipping process of the original soil in major trough, color soil is sent by secondary slot and is mixed into major trough with original soil, in the major trough Vacuum pressure be 70/cmHg.Mixing speed is 2000 revs/min;
D)Molding:Corresponding product mold is got out, by step C)The composite soil of preparation is put into mold, then equipped with mixed The mold of conjunction soil is put into the die sleeve of rolling board after placement steadily again by rolling running at high speed for head, its composite soil is allowed to exist Roll forming under the drive of head operating, obtains green compact;The head rotating speed of roller press is 1400 revs/min;
E)Trimming:By step D)The green compact of acquisition are dried, then are surface-treated, remove green surface soil bits, Grogs;In surface treatment process, the flash at mouth side and footing first is removed with scraper, recycles sponge to glue water progress surface clear It washes;
F)Biscuiting:By step E)Green compact after processed, which are packed into kiln, to be burnt into, and firing temperature is 640 DEG C, is burnt It is 4h at the time;
G)Glazing:By step F)Green compact after processed are immersed in glaze water, and the glaze water is clear frit water, a concentration of 38~40%;
H)Glaze firing:By step G)Green compact after processed are put into kiln, with 1180 DEG C of high-temperature firing 12h, are made shallow The marbled Scagliola ceramics of yellow.
The particular embodiment of the present invention is illustrated above, but the present invention protection content be not only limited to it is above Embodiment, in the technical field of the present invention, the usual knowledge of to master, so that it may to be carried out within the scope of its technology main idea Diversified change.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of manufacturing method of Scagliola ceramics, it is characterised in that:Include the following steps:
A)Prepare original soil:By feldspar, quartz, kaolin, wash mud and clay is mixed to form original soil;
B)Prepare color soil:Take part steps A)The original soil of formation is mixed with ceramic pigment, forms color soil;
C)Prepare composite soil:By step A)The original soil of preparation and step B)The color soil of preparation mixes, and forms composite soil;
D)Molding:Corresponding product mold is got out, by step C)The composite soil of preparation is put into mold, then equipped with composite soil Mold be put into the die sleeve of rolling board, place it is steady after again by rolling running at high speed for head, allow its composite soil in machine Roll forming under the drive of head operating, obtains green compact;
E)Trimming:By step D)The green compact of acquisition are dried, then are surface-treated, and soil bits, the grogs of green surface are removed;
F)Biscuiting:By step E)Green compact after processed, which are packed into kiln, to be burnt into, and firing temperature is 640 ~ 660 DEG C, is burnt It is 3 ~ 4h at the time;
G)Glazing:By step F)Green compact after processed are immersed in glaze water, and the glaze water is clear frit water, a concentration of 38 ~ 40%;
H)Glaze firing:By step G)Green compact after processed are put into kiln, with 1180 DEG C ~ 1200 DEG C of high-temperature firing, when firing Between be 10 ~ 12h, finished product is made;
The step A)Each component is calculated by weight as in original soil:20 parts of feldspar, 15 parts of kaolin, washes mud 20 at 27 parts of quartz Part, 8 parts of clay;
The step B)Each component is calculated by weight as in color soil:20 parts of original soil, 0.1 ~ 1 part of ceramic pigment;
The step C)Middle composite soil is prepared using pug mill, and the original soil is launched in the major trough of pug mill, and the color soil is thrown Be placed in the secondary slot of pug mill, in major trough axis whipping process of the original soil in major trough, color soil by secondary slot send into major trough with Original soil mixes, and the vacuum pressure in the major trough is 70/cmHg, and mixing speed is 2000 revs/min.
2. a kind of manufacturing method of Scagliola ceramics according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step C)Mixing Each component is calculated by weight as in soil:100 parts of original soil, 10 ~ 20 parts of color soil.
3. according to a kind of any one of claim 1-2 manufacturing methods of Scagliola ceramics, it is characterised in that:The rolling The head rotating speed of press is 1400 revs/min.
4. according to a kind of any one of claim 1-2 manufacturing methods of Scagliola ceramics, it is characterised in that:The step Rapid E)Surface treatment recycles sponge to glue water and carries out surface clean to remove the flash at mouth side and footing with scraper in trimming.
5. according to a kind of any one of claim 1-2 manufacturing methods of Scagliola ceramics, it is characterised in that:The pottery Porcelain color is that the ceramic toner of one or more different colours forms.
CN201610050380.9A 2016-01-26 2016-01-26 A kind of manufacturing method of Scagliola ceramics Active CN105712712B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106242499A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-12-21 吴勇龙 A kind of production technology twisting tire porcelain
CN107500744A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-12-22 广东金牌陶瓷有限公司 A kind of parian entire body Ceramic Tiles and preparation method thereof
CN108995024A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-12-14 湖南泰鑫瓷业有限公司 A kind of Decoration production method forming marble grain effect ceramic

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102557599A (en) * 2011-12-14 2012-07-11 李学武 Novel process for preparing peony porcelain
CN104944906A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-09-30 雷绍宋 Colored porcelain and preparation method thereof
CN105174971A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-12-23 山东硅元新型材料有限责任公司 Preparation method of twisted placenta ceramic

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102557599A (en) * 2011-12-14 2012-07-11 李学武 Novel process for preparing peony porcelain
CN104944906A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-09-30 雷绍宋 Colored porcelain and preparation method thereof
CN105174971A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-12-23 山东硅元新型材料有限责任公司 Preparation method of twisted placenta ceramic

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