CN107199628A - The ceramic tile manufacture system and manufacturing process of parian texture, granite granules - Google Patents

The ceramic tile manufacture system and manufacturing process of parian texture, granite granules Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107199628A
CN107199628A CN201610149138.7A CN201610149138A CN107199628A CN 107199628 A CN107199628 A CN 107199628A CN 201610149138 A CN201610149138 A CN 201610149138A CN 107199628 A CN107199628 A CN 107199628A
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China
Prior art keywords
layer
ceramic tile
glaze
enamel
raw
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CN201610149138.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李慈雄
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Shanghai Yuexin Health Group Co Ltd
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Shanghai Yuexin Health Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610149138.7A priority Critical patent/CN107199628A/en
Publication of CN107199628A publication Critical patent/CN107199628A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B15/00General arrangement or layout of plant Industrial outlines, plant installations

Abstract

The present invention relates to the ceramic tile manufacture system and manufacturing process of a kind of parian texture, granite granules, manufacture system includes passing sequentially through the distribution device of conveyer belt connection, pressure setting, biscuit firing device, bottom pouring glaze device, inkjet-printing device, top layer glaze spraying device and burning apparatus, described distribution device includes particle blanking mechanism, lines cutting agency and micro powder discharge mechanism, and described particle blanking mechanism, lines cutting agency and micro powder discharge mechanism is set gradually along conveyer belt direction of transfer.Compared with prior art; manufacture system of the present invention is using pouring glaze, ink-jet, the technique of glaze spraying; enamel bottom, color layer and enamel protection top layer is made successively on adobe top layer; it is affected by temperature in sintering procedure so as to overcome inkjet materials and color and luster occurs not enough or cause burning; simultaneously; enamel protection top layer can protect the stability of the pattern color of ink-jet 3D printing, final products is all had higher condition on external sense organ or interior quality.

Description

The ceramic tile manufacture system and manufacturing process of parian texture, granite granules
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of ceramic tile manufacture system and technique, more particularly, to a kind of parian texture, Hua Gang The ceramic tile manufacture system and manufacturing process of rock particle.
Background technology
It is general using screen printing and roller printing technology production decoration ceramic tile before the appearance of ink-jet printed technology. Screen printing can not print to ceramic tile male and fomale(M&F), and ceramic tile surface is difficult to the color developing effect for obtaining stereo, and Although roller printing can realize that male and fomale(M&F) prints, pattern texture fidelity is higher, and the decorative colour obtained compares Single stiff, change in pattern is less.Inkjet printing breaches the limitation of Conventional processing methods, be it is a kind of it is contactless, Infiltered under no pressure, the printing technology without printing plate, ink in ceramic matrix, being burnt till by high temperature can show not Same color and pattern, change the program file of ink-jet printer just can print various true to nature imitate in ceramic tile surface Timber, parian texture pattern, obtain the effect that Conventional decal technology can not be printed out.
In the preparation technology of traditional inkjet printing Imitation Rock Porcelain Tiles, by carrying out ink ejection operation on ceramic tile adobe surface, Ink bleed, which sink, to be entered in base substrate, is burnt till by high temperature and is showed special color and textured pattern.Ceramic powder The processes such as micro mist cloth, press be compressing, dry are generally first passed through, it is similar with glazed tile colouring afterwards, applying Ink is printed directly to by adobe surface using ink-jet printer on glaze line, then burnt till, rubbing down process, it is this Polished bricks prepared by method are because compressing adobe density is high, and it is limited to ooze depth under ink, causes the ceramic tile table Face inkjet printing infiltration patterned layer it is relatively thin, ink-jet polished bricks dry burn till after by it is a series of scrape thicknessing, rough polishing, The processes such as essence throwing, surface ink bleed layer becomes thinner, and will be gradually depleted during later stage use, ink The textured pattern of water generation is thickened, or even comes off, and decorative effect is greatly affected.
The U of Chinese patent CN 204981658 disclose a kind of production line for being used to prepare Imitation Rock Porcelain Tiles.The production line bag Include pass sequentially through belt connection the first distribution device, prepressing device, ink-jet print system, the second distribution device, Press device, drying system, firing system and cutting polishing system.When the production line is produced, first to ceramic powder Carry out precompressed and obtain fabric preloading mound, the bulk density for controlling fabric preloading mound is 0.9-1.2g/cm3;The production line It can obtain with the inkjet printing pattern texture up permeated from precoat ink printed face, inkjet printing pattern thickness Degree >=0.5mm.Imitation Rock Porcelain Tiles product decoration patterned layer thickness is controllable, micro mist cloth texture and inkjet printing texture phase It is bright in luster with reference to its patterned layer rich solid is made, possess aesthetic, wearability is good, not easy to wear, uses It is more lasting.Ink-jet is carried out using ink-jet print system in the patent, and the greatest difficulty of existing ink-jet technology is The color development of dark color system is unstable, and because inkjet materials are influenced by temperature very huge, temperature is too high to be will result in The sensation of burning, glaze out-of-flatness, temperature is too low to make color not vivid enough, and color and luster is inadequate.The patent is used Carry out a cloth again after ink-jet, and suppressed, its object is to improve the wearability of ceramic tile, due to Using suppressing twice, technique is complex, while still lacking the link protected for inkjet materials.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to overcome the above-mentioned drawbacks of the prior art and provide a kind of marbling Reason, the ceramic tile manufacture system and manufacturing process of granite granules.
The purpose of the present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
Technical solution of the present invention one:
The ceramic tile manufacture system of a kind of parian texture, granite granules is provided, including passes sequentially through conveyer belt company Distribution device, pressure setting, biscuit firing device, the bottom connect drenches glaze device, inkjet-printing device, top layer glaze spraying dress Put and burning apparatus, described distribution device includes particle blanking mechanism, lines cutting agency and micro powder discharge mechanism, Described particle blanking mechanism, lines cutting agency and micro powder discharge mechanism is set gradually along conveyer belt direction of transfer.
Described particle blanking mechanism, lines cutting agency and micro powder discharge mechanism includes being used to store micro mist original Material, the storage bin hopper of particulate material or lines raw material, the discharging roller being arranged on below storage bin hopper and it is arranged on out Feed roller exit controls the outlet flashboard of load.
Described pressure setting is ceramic press, and described biscuit firing device is biscuit kiln, and described burning apparatus is burning Into kiln.
It is that straight line drenches glaze machine that described bottom, which drenches glaze device, and one layer of enamel of glaze is drenched on the adobe top layer for being molded in biscuiting Bottom.
Described inkjet-printing device is 3D printer, for drenching one layer of tool of adobe ink-jet 3D printing after glaze There is the color layer of imitation stone effect.
Described top layer glaze spraying device is automatic glaze spraying machine, and top layer is protected for spraying one layer of enamel to ceramic tile top layer.
Technical solution of the present invention two:
Parian texture based on above-mentioned manufacture system, the ceramic tile manufacturing process of granite granules, specific bag are provided Include following steps:
(1) raw material of ceramic tile, including powder material, particulate material and lines raw material are prepared;
(2) distribution device is utilized, one layer of particulate material is first laid, lays lines raw material on particulate material again, Finally powder material is laid on lines raw material, it is compressing after all raw material clothes, and biscuiting is carried out, obtain To adobe;
(3) on gained adobe surface, order carries out pouring glaze, inkjet printing and glaze spraying process, on adobe top layer successively Enamel bottom, the color layer with imitation stone effect, and enamel protection top layer is made;
(4) shaping is fired to the adobe after step (3) processing, and carries out cutting polishing, imitated The ceramic tile of marble grain, granite granules.
Powder material, particulate material and lines raw material described in step (1) are the difference of size or shape, its Matrix material is same composition, and the mass percent of matrix material is:Feldspar 20wt%, gangue 20wt%, Clay 25wt%, wollastonite 10wt%, porcelain stone 20wt%, high temperature pore-forming auxiliary agent 5wt%, matrix material ball milling, Powder material is filtrated to get, micro mist, which is reprocessed, must beat particulate material and lines raw material.
In step (3), the enamel bottom is complete impermeable ground-coat enamel, proportion 1.4-1.5, glaze volume 0.4-0.5kg Per square meter;The enamel protection top layer is matt cover-coat enamel, proportion 1.4-1.5, the every square meters of glaze volume 0.6-0.7kg; The color layer is formed by ink-jet 3D printing, and ink-jet raw material is the ceramic ink of high temperature resistant inorganic colorant, The thickness of described color layer is more than or equal to 1mm.
The temperature that the temperature control of biscuiting is formed by a firing in 900-1000 DEG C, step (4) in step (2) is 1100-1150℃。
Compared with prior art, the present invention has advantages below and beneficial effect:
1st, enamel is made on adobe top layer using glaze, ink-jet, the technique of glaze spraying is drenched in manufacture system of the present invention successively Bottom, color layer, and enamel protection top layer so that overcome inkjet materials be affected by temperature in sintering procedure and There is color and luster not enough or cause burning, meanwhile, enamel protection top layer can protect the pattern color of ink-jet 3D printing Stability, make final products on external sense organ or interior quality all have higher condition.
2nd, using the manufacture system of the present invention, its manufacturing process is simple, based on ink-jet 3D printing technique, imitative Enable in stone effect lithotome vicissitudes sense and 3-D effect is true to nature reappears, compared to traditional in the market Polishing glazing brick there is good color and luster and third dimension.
3rd, manufacture system of the invention, using new distribution device, by powder material, particulate material and lines Raw material Strand Feeding Technique is combined, and forms the texture-combined of circle line+lines, i.e. present system combines micro mist, line Bar, particle are so that the exquisite lines texture of the existing natural marble of tile product, have natural granite to satisfy again Full particle texture.
4th, using the manufacture system of the present invention, it is particularly due to use new distribution device so that ceramic tile background color It is bright-coloured, pure, particle micro mist is incorporated in texture, making the skin texture of full sized brick more has dynamics, and solid layer feeling is stronger, Paving is got up also without obvious sense of direction.
5th, in manufacturing process of the invention, various process conditions are strictly controlled so that end product quality has very Big raising.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is parian texture of the present invention, the ceramic tile manufacturing system structure schematic diagram of granite granules;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of distribution device.
Label in figure:1 is conveyer belt, and 2 be distribution device, and 3 be pressure setting, and 4 be biscuit firing device, and 5 be bottom Layer drenches glaze device, and 6 be inkjet-printing device, and 7 be top layer glaze spraying device, and 8 be burning apparatus.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in detail with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment
The ceramic tile manufacture system of a kind of parian texture, granite granules, there is provided one as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2 Parian texture, the ceramic tile manufacture system of granite granules are planted, including passes sequentially through the cloth of the connection of conveyer belt 1 Device 2, pressure setting 3, biscuit firing device 4, bottom drench glaze device 5, inkjet-printing device 6, top layer glaze spraying dress 7 and burning apparatus 8 are put, distribution device 2 is included under particle blanking mechanism 21, lines cutting agency 22 and micro mist Expect mechanism 23, particle blanking mechanism 21, lines cutting agency 22 and micro powder discharge mechanism 23 are passed along conveyer belt 1 Direction is sent to set gradually.
Particle blanking mechanism 21, lines cutting agency 22 and micro powder discharge mechanism 23 include being used to store micro mist Raw material, the storage bin hopper of particulate material or lines raw material, the discharging roller being arranged on below storage bin hopper and it is arranged on Discharging roller exit controls the outlet flashboard of load.Pressure setting 3 is ceramic press, and biscuit firing device 4 is element Firing, burning apparatus 8 is calcining kiln.It is that straight line drenches glaze machine that bottom, which drenches glaze device 5, for the brick being molded in biscuiting Periblast drenches one layer of enamel bottom of glaze.Inkjet-printing device 6 is 3D printer, for being sprayed to drenching the adobe after glaze Black one layer of 3D printing has the color layer of imitation stone effect.Top layer glaze spraying device 7 is automatic glaze spraying machine, for porcelain Brick top layer sprays one layer of enamel protection top layer.
The ceramic tile manufacturing process of parian texture, granite granules based on above-mentioned manufacture system, specifically include with Lower step:
(1) raw material of imitating stone ceramic tile, including powder material, particulate material and lines raw material are prepared;
(2) distribution device is utilized, one layer of particulate material is first laid, lays lines raw material on particulate material again, Finally powder material is laid on lines raw material, it is compressing after all raw material clothes, and biscuiting is carried out, element The temperature control of burning obtains adobe at 900-1000 DEG C;
(3) on gained adobe surface, order carries out pouring glaze, inkjet printing and glaze spraying process, on adobe top layer successively Enamel bottom, the color layer with imitation stone effect, and enamel protection top layer is made;
(4) shaping is fired to the adobe after step (3) processing, the temperature formed by a firing is 1100-1150 DEG C, Obtain the ceramic tile of parian texture, granite granules.
Step (1) powder material, particulate material and lines raw material are the difference of size or shape, its matrix material Material is same composition, and the mass percent of matrix material is:It is feldspar 20wt%, gangue 20wt%, viscous Native 25wt%, wollastonite 10wt%, porcelain stone 20wt%, high temperature pore-forming auxiliary agent 5wt%, matrix material ball milling, Powder material is filtrated to get, micro mist, which is reprocessed, must beat particulate material and lines raw material.
In step (3), the enamel bottom is complete impermeable ground-coat enamel, proportion 1.4-1.5, glaze volume 0.4-0.5kg Per square meter;The enamel protection top layer is matt cover-coat enamel, proportion 1.4-1.5, the every square meters of glaze volume 0.6-0.7kg; The color layer is formed by ink-jet 3D printing, and ink-jet raw material is the ceramic ink of high temperature resistant inorganic colorant, The thickness of color layer is more than or equal to 1mm.
The above-mentioned description to embodiment is understood that for ease of those skilled in the art and using hair It is bright.Person skilled in the art obviously easily can make various modifications to these embodiments, and herein The General Principle of explanation is applied in other embodiment without passing through performing creative labour.Therefore, the present invention is not limited In above-described embodiment, those skilled in the art are according to the announcement of the present invention, and do not depart from that scope made changes Entering and change all should be within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the ceramic tile manufacture system of a kind of parian texture, granite granules, it is characterised in that including successively Distribution device (2), pressure setting (3), biscuit firing device (4), the bottom connected by conveyer belt (1) drenches glaze Device (5), inkjet-printing device (6), top layer glaze spraying device (7) and burning apparatus (8), described cloth Device (2) includes particle blanking mechanism (21), lines cutting agency (22) and micro powder discharge mechanism (23), Described particle blanking mechanism (21), lines cutting agency (22) and micro powder discharge mechanism (23) is along conveyer belt (1) direction of transfer is set gradually.
2. a kind of parian texture according to claim 1, the ceramic tile manufacture system of granite granules, Characterized in that, described particle blanking mechanism (21), lines cutting agency (22) and micro powder discharge mechanism (23) Include being used to store powder material, the storage bin hopper of particulate material or lines raw material, be arranged on going out below storage bin hopper Feed roller and the outlet flashboard for being arranged on discharging roller exit control load.
3. a kind of parian texture according to claim 1, the ceramic tile manufacture system of granite granules, Characterized in that, described pressure setting (3) is ceramic press, described biscuit firing device (4) is biscuit kiln, Described burning apparatus (8) is calcining kiln.
4. a kind of parian texture according to claim 1, the ceramic tile manufacture system of granite granules, Characterized in that, it is that straight line drenches glaze machine that described bottom, which drenches glaze device (5), for the adobe table being molded in biscuiting Layer drenches one layer of enamel bottom of glaze.
5. a kind of parian texture according to claim 1, the ceramic tile manufacture system of granite granules, Characterized in that, described inkjet-printing device (6) is 3D printer, for drenching the adobe ink-jet after glaze One layer of 3D printing has the color layer of imitation stone effect.
6. a kind of parian texture according to claim 1, the ceramic tile manufacture system of granite granules, Characterized in that, described top layer glaze spraying device (7) is automatic glaze spraying machine, for spraying one layer to ceramic tile top layer Enamel protects top layer.
7. the ceramic tile manufacturing process of a kind of parian texture, granite granules, it is characterised in that including following Step:
(1) raw material of ceramic tile, including powder material, particulate material and lines raw material are prepared;
(2) distribution device is utilized, one layer of particulate material is first laid, lays lines raw material on particulate material again, Finally powder material is laid on lines raw material, it is compressing after all raw material clothes, and biscuiting is carried out, obtain To adobe;
(3) on gained adobe surface, order carries out pouring glaze, inkjet printing and glaze spraying process, on adobe top layer successively Enamel bottom, the color layer with imitation stone effect, and enamel protection top layer is made;
(4) shaping is fired to the adobe after step (3) processing, and carries out cutting polishing, imitated The ceramic tile of marble grain, granite granules.
8. a kind of parian texture according to claim 7, the ceramic tile manufacturing process of granite granules, Characterized in that, the powder material, particulate material and lines raw material described in step (1) are size or shape Difference, its matrix material is same composition, and the mass percent of matrix material is:Feldspar 20wt%, coal Spoil 20wt%, clay 25wt%, wollastonite 10wt%, porcelain stone 20wt%, high temperature pore-forming auxiliary agent 5wt%, Matrix material ball milling, powder material is filtrated to get, micro mist, which is reprocessed, must beat particulate material and lines raw material.
9. a kind of parian texture according to claim 7, the ceramic tile manufacturing process of granite granules, Characterized in that, in step (3), the enamel bottom is complete impermeable ground-coat enamel, proportion 1.4-1.5, glaze volume 0.4-0.5kg is per square meter;The enamel protection top layer is matt cover-coat enamel, proportion 1.4-1.5, glaze volume 0.6- 0.7kg is per square meter;The color layer is formed by ink-jet 3D printing, and ink-jet raw material is high temperature resistant inorganic color The ceramic ink of material, the thickness of described color layer is more than or equal to 1mm.
10. a kind of parian texture according to claim 7, the ceramic tile manufacturing process of granite granules, Characterized in that, the temperature control of biscuiting is at 900-1000 DEG C in step (2), step is formed by a firing in (4) Temperature be 1100-1150 DEG C.
CN201610149138.7A 2016-03-16 2016-03-16 The ceramic tile manufacture system and manufacturing process of parian texture, granite granules Pending CN107199628A (en)

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CN201610149138.7A CN107199628A (en) 2016-03-16 2016-03-16 The ceramic tile manufacture system and manufacturing process of parian texture, granite granules

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107903022A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-04-13 浙江天丰陶瓷有限公司 The burning process and equipment of a kind of Longquan celadon
CN110883909A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-03-17 佛山市东鹏陶瓷有限公司 Preparation process and production system of landscape brick with imitated natural texture
CN111532040A (en) * 2020-07-08 2020-08-14 佛山希望数码印刷设备有限公司 Printing mechanism for ceramic bottom and printer thereof
CN111622455A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-09-04 高安罗斯福陶瓷有限公司 Floor tile for continuous grain decoration and preparation method thereof

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107903022A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-04-13 浙江天丰陶瓷有限公司 The burning process and equipment of a kind of Longquan celadon
CN110883909A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-03-17 佛山市东鹏陶瓷有限公司 Preparation process and production system of landscape brick with imitated natural texture
CN110883909B (en) * 2019-12-11 2021-05-18 佛山市东鹏陶瓷有限公司 Preparation process and production system of landscape brick with imitated natural texture
CN111622455A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-09-04 高安罗斯福陶瓷有限公司 Floor tile for continuous grain decoration and preparation method thereof
CN111532040A (en) * 2020-07-08 2020-08-14 佛山希望数码印刷设备有限公司 Printing mechanism for ceramic bottom and printer thereof
CN111532040B (en) * 2020-07-08 2020-10-23 佛山希望数码印刷设备有限公司 Printing mechanism for ceramic bottom and printer thereof

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