CN107935386A - Graininess dry granular glaze, graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Graininess dry granular glaze, graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107935386A
CN107935386A CN201711130827.4A CN201711130827A CN107935386A CN 107935386 A CN107935386 A CN 107935386A CN 201711130827 A CN201711130827 A CN 201711130827A CN 107935386 A CN107935386 A CN 107935386A
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Prior art keywords
dry granular
glaze
cloth
graininess
granular glaze
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CN201711130827.4A
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CN107935386B (en
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潘利敏
赵勇
杨元东
刘洁芳
黄玲艳
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Monalisa Group Co Ltd
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Monalisa Group Co Ltd
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    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
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    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/01Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics
    • C04B35/14Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics based on silica
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Abstract

The present invention relates to graininess dry granular glaze, graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick and preparation method thereof.The preparation method of graininess dry granular glaze includes:Powdered frit is extruded into base cake;Graininess dry granular glaze is obtained after base cake is crushed.The present invention can obtain graininess dry granular glaze by simple technique, which can be used in the preparation of Ceramic Tiles, can obtain the imitative stone material product that pattern is true to nature, level enriches, texture is natural, three-dimensional sense and granular sensation are strong.

Description

Graininess dry granular glaze, graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of graininess dry granular glaze and graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick and preparation method thereof, belong to Ceramic tile production manufacturing technology field.
Background technology
Ceramic glaze manufactures indispensable raw material for ceramics, and performance and quality to ceramic have very important Influence.Existing ceramic glaze can be as follows with rough classification according to classification and purposes:Lead glaze and leadless glaze;Raw glaze and frit Glaze;Once-firing or twice firing glaze;Ceramic tile, tableware, sanitary ceramics and electroceramics glaze;High-temperature glaze and low temperature glaze;Highly expanded Glaze and Low Thermal Expantion Glaze;Coloured glaze and colourless glaze;Clear frit and opaque glaze;Bright glaze, mat glaze, semi-mat glaze or figure glaze and Function glaze:Such as fluorescence glaze, metal-lustrous glaze, crystalline glaze, dry granular glaze.Dry granular glaze is that the hot spot of industry production research and development newly produces at present Product, such product pattern texture level enrich, and have matt, wear-resisting, anti-skidding, anti-pollution effect, are known as having started ceramic tile life New era of production technology.
1 (application number of documents:201610196097.7) disclose a kind of preparation side of natural stone texture imitating ceramic tile Method, including:Ceramic batch addition ceramic pigment is obtained into color slurry, can also have coloured dry granular in the color slurry;Will slurry Expect that charity in adobe, forms patterned layer, then burns till.It is related to wet method enamel frit makeing process, more single to the decorative effect of ceramic tile One, it is difficult to realize the effect of natural-like stone.
The content of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of preparation method and one kind of graininess dry granular glaze Imitative stone material product that pattern is true to nature, level enriches, texture is natural, three-dimensional sense and granular sensation are strong and preparation method thereof.
On the one hand the application provides a kind of preparation method of graininess dry granular glaze, it is characterised in that including:
Powdered frit is extruded into base cake;
Graininess dry granular glaze is obtained after base cake is crushed.
According to foregoing invention, graininess dry granular glaze can be obtained by simple technique, which can be used for In the preparation of Ceramic Tiles, the imitative stone material product that pattern is true to nature, level enriches, texture is natural, three-dimensional sense and granular sensation are strong can obtain.
It is preferred that the moisture of the powdered frit is 6%~10%.
It is preferred that the grain composition of the powdered frit is on 30 mesh:≤ 16%, 30~60 mesh:>=70%, 60~80 mesh:≤ 11%, 80 now:≤ 6%.
It is preferred that after broken, take on 8~20 mesh sieves, or graininess dry granular glaze is obtained on 30~60 mesh sieves.
The powdered frit can be monochrome, or polychrome (that is, having at least two colors).
On the other hand the application provides a kind of preparation method of graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick, include the following steps:
(1) graininess dry granular glaze is prepared according to any of the above-described preparation method;
(2) by graininess dry granular glaze by different level by both setting pattern cloth on blank;
(3) after cloth, the adobe of some strength is pre-pressed into for the first time;
(4) ink jet printer spray printing layout is used in adobe;
(5) pressing unfired brick again;
(6) gained adobe is burnt till.
According to foregoing invention, graininess dry granular glaze and powder dry granular glaze cloth and are molded into adobe by different level in advance, then With reference to inkjet printing technology, dry granular cloth and inkjet printing are combined, can obtain pattern change at random, be true to nature, level it is rich Imitative stone effect rich, texture is natural, three-dimensional sense and granular sensation are strong.
It is preferred that by graininess dry granular glaze and powder dry granular glaze by different level by both setting pattern cloth on blank.Preferably, institute Powder dry granular glaze is stated as powder made of identical or different temperature formula and the glaze of color.
It is preferred that the grain composition of powder dry granular glaze is:30~60 mesh:30~37.5wt%, 60~80 mesh:42.5~ 50wt%, 80~100 mesh:12.5~17.5wt%, 100 now:≤ 5wt%.
It is preferred that in step (2), the formula of blank is:By weight, SiO2:60~67%, Al2O3:19~23%, Fe2O3:0.5~1.0%, TiO2:0.15~0.30%, CaO:0.4~0.7%, MgO:0.3~0.8%, K2O:2.5~ 3.5%th, Na2O:2.7~3.5%, burn and lose:4.5~5.5%.In the blank formulation, the content of aluminium oxide is improved in right amount, is made The ability enhancing of base substrate resistance high temperature deformation, while the base substrate coefficient of expansion is reduced, the coefficient of expansion of furthered base substrate and glaze Otherness, improves glaze fit, and the control of shape is fired into bricks easy to kiln.
It is preferred that in step (1), the powder dry granular glaze is made of identical or different temperature formula and the glaze of color Powder.
It is preferred that the cloth pattern in step (2) cooperates with the ink-jetting pattern in step (4) and coordinates, formed natural Stone effect.Graininess dry granular glaze cloth pattern is rough, and ink-jetting pattern is fine, and both are interrelated, the art for having complementation Property and coordinate meticulously, it is ensured that the natural fusion of cloth pattern and ink-jetting pattern effect, just like the texture of lithotome, perfect reproduction The granular effect of lithotome.
It is preferred that in step (2), just beating secondary material distributing method using more seat in the plane carving rollers and carrying out cloth.Thus, it is possible to Multi-level cloth is better achieved.More seat in the plane carving rollers are just beating secondary material distributing and are referring to installation different pattern on multiple control devices Various dry granular glaze are gone out floral designs by carving roller by carving roller in billet surface cloth.
It is preferred that the grain composition of the powder dry granular glaze is:30~60 mesh:30~37.5wt%, 60~80 mesh:42.5 ~50wt%, 80~100 mesh:12.5~17.5wt%, 100 now:≤ 5wt%.
It is preferred that the grain composition of blank is:On 30 mesh:≤ 16%, 30~60 mesh:>=70%, 60~80 mesh:≤ 11%, 80 now:≤ 6%.
It is preferred that in step (3), pre-stamped shaping is carried out using roller, the roller is plane.
It is preferred that in step (5), be pressed using mould, the mould for concave-convex effect mould or Plane mould.
It is preferred that further include drying steps between step (5) and step (6), it is preferable that moisture after brick bat drying≤ 0.5wt%.
It is preferred that further included between step (5) and step (6):Protection glaze is applied in adobe, or thin frit dry granular is equal It is even to dispense on decorative pattern, it is preferable that the particle diameter of the thin frit dry granular is:0.5~1.5mm.Thus, it is possible to strengthen table The natural and tripping effect in face.
It is preferred that firing temperature is 1180~1220 DEG C, firing period is 60~70 minutes.
The application also provides the graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick prepared by any one above-mentioned preparation method.
Above-mentioned graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick can be dumb light or high smooth product, have natural-like stone pattern it is true to nature, The features such as level enriches, texture is natural, three-dimensional sense and granular sensation are strong.In a creative way so that ceramic tile surface present light, sheen, from The right three-in-one three-dimensional stone material surface phase in face, the mashed up effect of most shaking property, three face of a stone, face are brought for design and space application Behave excellently in face.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the process flow chart of an example of the present invention;
Fig. 2 shows graininess dry granular glaze Preparation equipment schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 shows an exemplary film distributing device structure diagram;
Fig. 4 shows an exemplary engraving film graph;
Fig. 5 shows an exemplary carving roller distribution device schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 shows the shining surfaces photo of graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick made from an example according to the present invention;
Fig. 7 shows graininess dry granular glaze photo (left figure) made from an example according to the present invention and graininess dry granular glaze cloth The natural-surface photo (right figure) of ashlar brick;
Fig. 8 shows that the large scale collage effects of graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick made from an example according to the present invention are (mute Light);
Fig. 9 shows that the large scale collage effects of graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick made from another example according to the present invention are (mute Light).
Embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with attached drawing and following embodiments, it should be appreciated that attached drawing and following embodiments The present invention is merely to illustrate, is not intended to limit the present invention.In addition, in the present invention, unless otherwise instructed, percentage composition refers both to quality Percentage.
In an embodiment of the present invention, dry granular cloth and inkjet printing are combined, to lithotome surface texture into Go on the basis of careful research and analyse, processed by high-precision scanning and aesthetics, design more money uniqueness natural-like stone lines Manage the cloth film pattern and ink-jetting pattern of effect.Graininess dry granular glaze is first prepared during production, then by graininess dry granular glaze point Layer on blank, alternatively, is layered after graininess dry granular glaze and powder dry granular glaze are mixed by different pattern cloth and presses different pattern Cloth is on blank, i.e. graininess dry granular glaze can individually can also mixed powder dry granular glaze cloth together, depending on design It is required that.Powder dry granular glaze refers to circular powder shape dry granular glaze, can be colorful." colorful " refers to there is at least one color, tool For body, colorful dry granular glaze can be the mixing of a variety of dry granular glaze of a kind of dry granular glaze of color or different colours, It can also be that a kind of dry granular glaze has multiple color in itself.Then suppressed using the mould with concave-convex effect or plane mould Adobe;The high definition pattern of different stone textures is reverted to by cloth pattern by brick face by Digital Inkjet Printing, is most passed through afterwards High temperature firing obtains the imitative stone material product that pattern is true to nature, level enriches, texture is natural, three-dimensional sense and granular sensation are strong.In addition, spraying After ink printing, it can also spray protection glaze or thin frit dry granular is uniformly dispensed in the natural and tripping of the strengthening surface that comes up of decorative pattern Effect.
Fig. 1 shows the process flow chart of an example of the present invention.Hereinafter, with reference to Fig. 1, technological process is illustrated.
Design
On the basis of careful research and analyse is carried out to lithotome surface texture, processed by high-precision scanning and aesthetics, Design the dry granular glaze cloth pattern and ink-jetting pattern of more money imitating natural stone texture effects, dry granular glaze cloth pattern and ink-jet figure Case matches and coordinates.
Specifically, design is in two sub-sections:First, cloth pattern designs, it is desirable to which texture is natural and has stone material Effect;Second, the design of ink-jetting pattern, collocation of colour intention derives from lithotome, and carries out impurity elimination and stay really art up add Work.
The design of the two parts is to be mutually related, and has complementary artistry and cooperation meticulously forms, it is ensured that cloth Pattern and the natural fusion of ink-jetting pattern effect, just like the texture of lithotome.
Graininess dry granular glaze
Hereinafter, the preparation method of graininess dry granular glaze is illustrated referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.Fig. 2 shows that graininess dry granular glaze Preparation equipment shows It is intended to.As shown in Fig. 2, the equipment includes powder bucket 1, powdered frit can be loaded in powder bucket 1.The grain composition of powdered frit can be:30 mesh On:≤ 16%, 30~60 mesh:>=70%, 60~80 mesh:≤ 11%, 80 now:≤ 6%.As shown in Figure 1, the preparation step of powdered frit Suddenly may include:Dry granular glaze dispensing, ball milling, sieve iron removaling, slurry are aging, match colors, mist projection granulating.Wherein, the slurry can be single Color.Powdered frit can mix the powdered frit of a kind of color or different colours.Powdered frit with particular color can pass through by Glaze is mixed with toner.The chemical composition of glaze can be:SiO2:55~65%, Al2O3:18~22%, Fe2O3:0.3~ 0.7%th, TiO2:0.1~0.35%, CaO:0.3~4.0%, MgO:0.5~1.5%, K2O:2.0~3.5%, Na2O:2.5~ 6.0%th, burn and lose:4.5~5.5%.
Double roller 2 is provided with below the discharge port of powder bucket 1.Double roller 2 is arranged in parallel, its diameter can be identical, is, for example, 500mm~800mm.Preferably, the extending direction of discharge port is identical with the axial direction of double roller 2.Between double roller 2 across it is certain away from From, such as 1.5~3mm.Gap between double roller 2 can be directed at discharge port.Double roller 2 (space between the two) can turn respectively inwards It is dynamic.Its rotating speed can be 20~60 revs/min.In space of the more colored glaze powders discharged from the discharge port of powder bucket 1 between double roller 2 Extruded by double roller 2, so as to form base cake.
The lower section of double roller 2 is provided with breaker.The base cake being squeezed into by double roller 2, which is fallen into breaker, to be broken. As shown in Fig. 2, breaker may include the rotating rod 3 for sieving 4 and being arranged in the sieve 4 that shakes that shakes.Rotating rod 3 can be in the sieve 4 that shakes in water Rotated in clockwise and counterclockwise directions in plane.The diameter of rotating rod 3 can be 10mm~30mm.The rotating speed of rotating rod 3 can be 50~120 revs/min.The base cake fallen into the sieve 4 that shakes is crushed into particle because of the rotation of rotating rod 3.
Particle falls into the splicing conveyer belt 5 for being arranged at the lower section of sieve 4 that shakes by the sieve aperture for the sieve 4 that shakes.Shake sieve 4 sieve aperture aperture Can be 6~10 mesh.
The particle for falling into splicing conveyer belt 5 is delivered to rotary screen 7 by conveyer belt 6.Rotary screen 7 can in the horizontal direction or closely Extend like horizontal direction, and can rotate about the axis thereof.The rotating speed of rotary screen 7 can be 10~60 revs/min.The aperture of rotary screen 7 Can be 8~20 mesh or 30~60 mesh.In the thin powder recovery hopper 8 under can be positioned below sieve of rotary screen 7, sieved with recycling thin Powder.Unsifted fine powder can be delivered to desired position by oversize conveyer belt 9, as graininess dry granular glaze.One example Graininess dry granular glaze pictorial diagram as shown in the left figure of Fig. 7.
Powder dry granular glaze
In the present invention, inorganic dry granular glaze can be used, it has the advantages that environment-protecting and non-poisonous.The chemical composition of powder dry granular glaze can with it is general Logical Ceramic glaze component is consistent.In one example, the chemical composition of dry granular glaze is:SiO2:55~65%, Al2O3:18~ 22%th, Fe2O3:0.3~0.7%, TiO2:0.1~0.35%, CaO:0.3~4.0%, MgO:0.5~1.5%, K2O:2.0~ 3.5%th, Na2O:2.5~6.0%, burn and lose:4.5~5.5%.The chemical composition of graininess dry granular glaze and powder dry granular glaze can one Cause.
Powder dry granular glaze can have multiple color.Such as can be required according to design, in white basis glaze slip The colorant of proper proportion is added, is dusted and can be obtained by grain composition and moisture content requirement by spray tower after mixing.Can be in dry granular glaze It is middle to add a variety of high/low temperature frits to adjust the coefficient of expansion of dry granular glaze, with parison swell coefficients match.In addition, dry granular glaze is also Can be by adding flash metal luster piece etc. and with flash of light and other effects., can be by graininess dry granular glaze and more face in one example The dry granular glaze of color, and/or flash of light and other effects is mixed by different proportion, and collocation use makes brick surface decoration effect more enrich.
The grain composition of powder dry granular glaze can be:
It is more than 30 mesh:0
30~60 mesh:30~37.5%
60~80 mesh:42.5~50%
80~100 mesh:12.5~17.5%
100 now:≤ 5%;
The dry granular glaze particle is larger, and dust produces less in cloth and production process, and is easy to collect.
Blank
On the basis of every physicochemical property of dry granular is coordinated, the degree of deformation of good brick in order to control can be in the base of general blank formulation The content of aluminium oxide is improved on plinth in right amount, makes the ability enhancing of base substrate resistance high temperature deformation, while reduces the base substrate coefficient of expansion, is drawn The expansion coefficient difference of nearly base substrate and glaze, improves glaze fit, the control of shape is fired into bricks easy to kiln.The present invention one is real Apply in mode, the formula of blank is:By weight, SiO2:60~67%, Al2O3:19~23%, Fe2O3:0.5~1.0%, TiO2:0.15~0.30%, CaO:0.4~0.7%, MgO:0.3~0.8%, K2O:2.5~3.5%, Na2O:2.7~ 3.5%th, burn and lose:4.5~5.5%.The blank of the formula has excellent mud property, green compact rate of drying and dry tenacity, And there is excellent physicochemical property after firing.In the present invention, by adjusting the formula of base substrate and/or glaze, can make base substrate and The matched expansion coefficient of glaze, such as the difference of its coefficient of expansion are less than 1 × 10-5/K.Thus, it is possible to efficiently solve brick body burning Afterwards the defects of deformation, special-shaped dry granular glaze cracking.In one example, body recipe chemical composition is as shown in table 1, base substrate and glaze The contrast of (such as including graininess dry granular glaze and powder dry granular glaze) coefficient of expansion is as shown in table 2:
1 base substrate chemical composition (wt%) of table
Table 2 contrasts for base substrate and the glaze coefficient of expansion
The preparation method of blank is unlimited, such as can use conventional base material method.In one example, as shown in Figure 1, first First, collection raw material-pretreatment, makes raw material meet the formula chemical composition of blank.Then, raw material is crushed, forklift dispensing, wet ball grinding, mistake Iron, powder by spraying, aging is screened out, obtains base substrate powder.Each technological parameter in powder processed can be as follows:
Mud balance:1.69~1.71
Ball milling fineness:1~1.2% (250 mesh screen residue)
Grain composition:On 30 mesh:≤ 16%
30~60 mesh:>=70%
60~80 mesh:≤ 11%
80 now:≤ 6%
Powder moisture:7.2~7.8%.
Cloth
Blank and dry granular glaze are subjected to cloth, i.e. dry granular glaze is pressed into different pattern cloth on blank using film.It is described dry Grain glaze includes graininess dry granular glaze, can also further include powder dry granular glaze, and/or other different colours, different shape (such as Sheet, parcel shape, at least one of strip) dry granular glaze.In the present invention, more halftones (more films) can be used to carry out dry granular Cloth (fabric).Such as 1~4 film can be used.Every film cloth doses (changing according to pattern is different) can be:Logical net glue Piece:480~500g, pattern film:100~300g.In one example, using TECNO ITALIA apparatus for distributing by dry granular glaze (such as graininess dry granular glaze, or different colours graininess, sheet, parcel shape, and/or noodles shape dry granular glaze) press different proportion After mixing, multi-level cloth effect is realized using more film secondary material distributing systems.Specifically, by using perforated film (or Title has carved film) by different level by dry granular glaze (such as graininess dry granular glaze, or the powder of multiple color and special-shaped dry granular Glaze) different proportion, pattern secondary material distributing are pressed in press die cavity.Fig. 3 shows an exemplary film distributing device structure diagram. As shown in figure 3, the film distributing device includes dry granular glaze hopper 11, the film of engraving 12 positioned at the lower section of dry granular glaze hopper 11. The both ends for carving film 12 can be respectively on two film transmission shafts 13.Placed in the lower section for having carved film 12 and treat cloth Adobe 14.The discharge port of dry granular glaze from dry granular glaze hopper 11, which is expelled to, have been carved on film 12.Pass through turning for film transmission shaft 3 It is dynamic, make to have carved relative position variation of the film 12 in adobe 14, and by dry granular glaze cloth to adobe 14.Fig. 4 shows one Exemplary engraving film.As shown in figure 4, respectively No. 1 seat in the plane film, No. 2 seat in the plane films, No. 3 seat in the plane films, No. 4 seat in the plane glue Piece, four groups of films collectively constitute two stone texture patterns, and the row of the left side one correspond to one group of stone texture pattern, the row pair of the right one One group of stone texture pattern is should be, the dry granular that each seat in the plane film corresponds to hopper is different, and pattern is different, and adobe passes sequentially through respectively respectively Carve film, by rotate film by dry granular by depiction successively cloth in adobe.In the present invention, dry granular glaze cloth imitates stone Brick can be on the basis of conventional ceramic brick production technology, by more film dry granular Strand Feeding Techniques and Digital Inkjet Printing phase With reference to the pattern of natural stone surface decorative effect in ceramic brick surface perfect reproduction, its technical process is simple, only need to be common Install relevant device on ceramic production line additional and continuous production can be achieved, it is easily operated.
Also dry granular cloth can be carried out by the way of more seat in the plane carving rollers are just beating secondary material distributing.Fig. 5 shows an example Carving roller distribution device schematic diagram.As shown in figure 5, the carving roller distribution device includes multiple hoppers 111,112,113: Carving roller 114,115,116 below each hopper respectively.Below carving roller, the adobe 117 that presses through in advance by It is driven orientation campaign of the big belt 118 along multiple carving rollers.By graininess dry granular glaze or different colours or species Dry granular is sent into the hopper on carving roller by expects pipe, and when roller is passed through in the adobe pressed through in advance, the dry granular in roller passes through carving The hole at quarter is by the pattern cloth of engraving in adobe.Afterwards can be compressing by press again, the adobe after shaping can be by dry After dry kiln drying is dry, carry out inkjet printing simultaneously apply courverte, then into klining into.
First shaping
As shown in Figure 1, after the completion of cloth, it is dry-pressing formed.In one embodiment, the brick of some strength is first pre-pressed into for the first time Base, then inkjet printing, then be pressed using mould.In one example, pre-stamped shaping is carried out using roller.It is described Roller is plane.Pressing pressure can be 300~360bar, and pressing cycle can be 3.5~3.8 beats/min.In one example, into Type technique is:Press type:PH3000;Briquetting pressure:360bar;Pressing cycle:3.8 times/min.Produced with common glazed tile Compare, the present invention reduces wet method enamel frit makeing process, do not have additionally to increase pollutant in production due to using base glaze one-pass molding Discharge, meets environmental requirement.
Inkjet printing
Ink jet printer spray printing layout in adobe by being erected on distributing device.On the design of the pattern of inkjet printing, As shown in Figure 1, carrying out selection to lithotome, and carry out high-precision scanning, design, color separation design.The inkjet printing pattern It is engaged with dry granular cloth pattern, the high definition pattern of different stone textures is reverted into brick face.Common ink color have it is pink, Reddish brown, orange, pale yellow, cyan, black etc..Pattern that specific color can be formed as needed selects.
Then, then using mould it is pressed.In one example, using the mould with concave-convex effect or plane mould Tool suppresses adobe.In order to reach the concave-convex surface effect of natural-like stone, the surface effect with natural-like stone can be used Mould.Specifically, by carrying out high-precision scanning to lithotome surface to obtain the pattern of natural hilllock stone, then pass through Art processing, the engraving that each detail textures are distributed to from areal shape obtain the surface effect of natural-like stone.Namely Say, with reference to dry granular cloth (such as more seat in the plane carving roller dry granular clothes, more film clothes) and ink-jetting pattern, design and produce Concave-convex effect mould very true to nature.During shaping, briquetting pressure can be 300~360bar, pressing cycle can be 3.5~4.5 times/ Minute.
As shown in Figure 1, obtained by molding adobe is dried.Drying temperature can be 120~200 DEG C, such as 140 DEG C, do The dry time can be 60~90 minutes, such as 60 minutes.Preferably, base substrate moisture≤0.5% after drying is made.
Alternatively, after inkjet printing, protection glaze (such as smalticeram, vitriceramic import can also further be applied Glaze) or throw clear frit entirely.Blended by Digital Inkjet Printing and cloth pattern, by the high definition figure of different stone textures Case reverts to brick face, spray protection glaze or it is complete throw after clear frit through high temperature once-firing dumb light or high smooth product, there is imitation natural stone The features such as material pattern is true to nature, level enriches, texture is natural, three-dimensional sense and granular sensation are strong.In one example, protect matching somebody with somebody for glaze can For:Calcined kaolin 12%, aluminium oxide 5%, burning talcum powder 18%, feldspar in powder 40%, calcite in powder 17%, kaolin 8%, Methyl 0.2%, trimerization 0.35%, water 40%.The preparation of protection glaze may include:Feedstock capture, glaze dispensing, ball milling, mistake screen out It is iron, aging spare.As needed, a kind of mode that glaze spraying may be selected or drench in glaze applies protection glaze (or " courverte ").Apply After courverte, on the one hand can play the role of it is antifouling, on the other hand, ink-jetting pattern can be protected not to be worn away.In an example In, glazing process is as follows:
Courverte proportion:1.3~1.35 glaze spraying weight:30~35g/ disks;Or
Drench glaze proportion:1.78~1.86 leaching glaze weight:52 ± 2g/ disks.
Alternatively, after inkjet printing, thin frit dry granular is uniformly dispensed on decorative pattern using dry granular material distributing machine The natural and tripping effect of strengthening surface.The particle diameter of the thin frit dry granular can be 0.5~1.5mm.
Then, as shown in Figure 1, carrying out once-firing to base substrate.Firing temperature can be 1180~1220 DEG C, and firing period can For 60~70 minutes., can edging, classification packaging after burning till.In one example, firing process includes:Burning kiln:Roller kilns; Maximum sintering temperature:1220℃;Firing period:65min.
Obtained product has the height of unique imitative stone pattern reason style, dry granular cloth combination inkjet printing and mould effect It coincide, has fully demonstrated the characteristics of product pattern changes at random.The ashlar brick of the present invention is decorated with graininess dry granular glaze, can be wrapped Burnishing surface, matte surface and die face three types are included, meet consumer demand.Fig. 6 shows an example system according to the present invention The shining surfaces photo of the graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick obtained;Right figure in Fig. 7 shows that an example is made according to the present invention Graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick natural-surface photo;Fig. 8 shows that graininess made from an example is done according to the present invention The large scale collage effects (dumb light) of grain glaze cloth ashlar brick;Fig. 9 shows that graininess made from another example is done according to the present invention The large scale collage effects (dumb light) of grain glaze cloth ashlar brick.As can be seen that the present invention may be such that light, soft is presented in ceramic tile surface The three-in-one three-dimensional stone material surface phase of light, natural-surface.Graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick pattern is true to nature, level enriches, texture for this Natural, three-dimensional sense and granular sensation are strong.
Graininess dry granular cloth imitation natural stone brick series of products mutually tie graininess dry granular glaze cloth with inkjet printing technology Close so that product has the characteristics that imitative stone effect is true to nature, level enriches, texture is natural, three-dimensional sense and granular sensation are strong, greatly Improve product quality.Product pattern size is enriched, while applied widely, both can floor file, can also go up wall, can substitute completely Natural marble, can be not only used for house ornamentation, can be used for commercial space.And straight line, curvilinear cut and various can be carried out Complicated processing.
The graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick quality of gained of the invention meets the standard annex of GB/T 23266-2009 G will Ask, it is unrestricted that radioactive indicator meets the finishing material requirement of A classes, use scope in GB6566-2001 standards.Major technique refers to Mark see the table below:
Project Water absorption rate The modulus of rupture Anti- glaze fragility Stain resistance Interior irradiation External exposure
Unit % MPa ------ ------ ------ ------
As a result 0.05 38 Meet 5 grades 0.6 1.0
In addition, its breakdown strength is 2338N, through knock test flawless or peeling, wearability is 1500 turns (3 grades).The production Product non-skid property is excellent, every excellent in mechanical performance, is the preferred material of high-grade decoration.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. preparation method of graininess dry granular glaze, it is characterised in that including:
    Powdered frit is extruded into base cake;
    Graininess dry granular glaze is obtained after base cake is crushed.
  2. 2. preparation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the moisture of the powdered frit is 6%~10%.
  3. 3. preparation method according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the grain composition of the powdered frit is on 30 mesh:≤ 16%, 30~60 mesh:>=70%, 60~80 mesh:≤ 11%, 80 now:≤6%.
  4. 4. preparation method according to any one of claim 1 to 3, it is characterised in that after broken, take on 8~20 mesh sieves, Or 30~60 obtain graininess dry granular glaze on mesh sieve.
  5. 5. a kind of preparation method of graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick, it is characterised in that include the following steps:
    (1)Preparation method according to any one of claim 1 to 4 prepares graininess dry granular glaze;
    (2)By graininess dry granular glaze by different level by both setting pattern cloth on blank;
    (3)After cloth, the adobe of some strength is pre-pressed into for the first time;
    (4)Ink jet printer spray printing layout is used in adobe;
    (5)Pressing unfired brick again;
    (6)Gained adobe is burnt till.
  6. 6. preparation method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that step(2)In, graininess dry granular glaze and powder are done Grain glaze is by different level by both setting pattern cloth on blank, it is preferable that the powder dry granular glaze is identical or different temperature formula and face Powder made of the glaze of color;The grain composition of powder dry granular glaze is:30~60 mesh:30~37.5wt%, 60~80 mesh:42.5 ~50wt %, 80~100 mesh:12.5~17.5wt %, 100 now:≤5 wt %.
  7. 7. the preparation method according to claim 5 or 6, it is characterised in that step(2)In, using more seat in the plane carving rollers Just beat secondary material distributing method and carry out cloth.
  8. 8. preparation method according to any one of claims 5 to 7, it is characterised in that step(3)In, using roller into The pre-stamped shaping of row, the roller is plane;Step(5)In, it is pressed using mould, the mould is with bumps The mould or plane mould of effect.
  9. 9. preparation method according to any one of claim 1 to 7, it is characterised in that in step(5)And step(6)It Between further include:Protection glaze is applied in adobe, or thin frit dry granular is uniformly dispensed on decorative pattern, it is preferable that is described thin The particle diameter of frit dry granular is:0.5~1.5mm.
  10. A kind of 10. graininess dry granular glaze cloth ashlar brick prepared by preparation method as any one of claim 5 to 9.
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CN109437977A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-03-08 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 A kind of dry granular brick and preparation method thereof with mold concave-convex effect
CN109928779A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-06-25 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 A kind of wet process leaching sizing process dry-particle ceramic tile and preparation method thereof
CN109928779B (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-08-23 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 A kind of wet process leaching sizing process dry-particle ceramic tile and preparation method thereof
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