CN107646344A - A kind of asparagus cultivation method - Google Patents

A kind of asparagus cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107646344A
CN107646344A CN201711043829.XA CN201711043829A CN107646344A CN 107646344 A CN107646344 A CN 107646344A CN 201711043829 A CN201711043829 A CN 201711043829A CN 107646344 A CN107646344 A CN 107646344A
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fertilizer
asparagus
planting
kilograms
soil
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李明
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Sichuan Ming Feng Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Sichuan Ming Feng Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711043829.XA priority Critical patent/CN107646344A/en
Publication of CN107646344A publication Critical patent/CN107646344A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of asparagus cultivation method, comprise the following steps:(1) seed treatment;(2) nursery:A seedling raise periods:Late April;B site preparation basal dressings;C is sowed;(3) it is colonized:A resident times:Must be more than 3 using the aerial stem of plant number of asparagus during field planting, band soil ball orientation plant, to improve survival rate;B selection of lands;D applies field planting fertilizer when being colonized;E plantation densities;F field planting methods;(4) field management after being colonized:1. watering and ridging;2. top dressing:After field planting 1 month, top dressing when shoot slow seedling survives and bears shoot;(5) into seedling stage fertilizing management:Applied fertilizer according to the growing way, soil fertility and weather of asparagus different growing;(6) harvest:After harvesting 2 months, old branch are cut.In the present invention, fertilising and management science are reasonable, and organic fertilizer is reasonably combined with chemistry, and a great number of elements and middle trace element fertilizer are reasonably combined, Yield of Asparagus can be made high, quality better, moreover it is possible to the hardened problem of improved soil.

Description

A kind of asparagus cultivation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to growing vegetables technical field, and in particular to a kind of asparagus cultivation method.
Background technology
Asparagus is also known as asparagus, asparagus, popular name mountain maize, is Liliaceae perennial plant, and asparagus children stem, which is unearthed, sees light Afterwards in green, claim green asparagus, mainly for eating raw, ridging softening is then white, claims white asparagus, makees tinned food raw material more.Asparagus It is rare vegetables containing protein, fat, calcium, iron and multivitamin, delicious flavour is nutritious, and also higher is medicinal Value, can hypotensive, preventing and treating angiocarpy, uropoiesis, the disease of the system such as lymph, there is the antitumaous effect of uniqueness, be renowned in the world Famous dish good medicine, product enjoyed a good market both at home and abroad, and asparagus was once described as " kings of vegetables " by American-European countries.Meanwhile once plant can for asparagus Continuous harvest 10~15 years.
Subject matter present in asparagus cultivation is fertilising and management not science at present, chronic administration chemical fertilizer, causes asparagus Ground is hardened, and asparagus growth is bad, yields poorly, poor quality is low in economic efficiency.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of asparagus cultivation method, and fertilising and management science are reasonable, organic fertilizer and chemistry Reasonably combined, a great number of elements and middle trace element fertilizer are reasonably combined, Yield of Asparagus can be made high, quality better, moreover it is possible to improved soil plate Knot problem.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:A kind of asparagus cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
(1) seed treatment:Emptied seeds are drifted out with clear water and are damaged by worms seed, are waited and are pulled seed out dress after seed water swelling Basin and lid wet cloth, are placed in vernalization in 25~28 DEG C of environment, change water daily 2 times, are sowed when the radicle of seed has 1/10 to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
(2) nursery:
A seedling raise periods:Late April;
B site preparation basal dressings:That the soil is porous is fertile for selection, and the loam or sandy loam of good permeability make nursery, and soil is deep 25.0cm, basal dressing are turned over, and is mixed with soil, then leveling earth, makes 15.0m × 1.2m furrow, the high 0.2m of furrow ridge;
C is sowed:The furrow face of furrow in step b is first filled permeable before sowing, lattice is drawn by seeding row spacing 10cm × 10cm, bud kind is inserted In the center of lattice, 2~3cm of fine earth is covered after inserting;
(3) it is colonized:
A resident times:Must be more than 3 using the aerial stem of plant number of asparagus during field planting, band soil ball orientation plant, to carry High-survival rate;
B selection of lands:Select fertile soil, water level low, can fertilizer conservation and can water conservation soil or sandy loam;
D applies field planting fertilizer when being colonized:Specially every mu of 80~120 kg of biological organic fertilizer, 15~30 kilograms of microbial bacterial agent Every mu, 25~40 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (20-12-8);
E plantation densities:It is colonized asparagus line-spacing 1.8m, spacing in the rows 0.3m, 1200~1800 plants every mu;
F field planting methods:Deep 30cm, wide 30~40cm field planting ditch are dug with spade, and forms ridge, by asparagus described in A The aerial stem of plant is put into ditch, and field planting is oriented according to the direction of growth of the aerial stem of plant of asparagus, along side at straight line spacing in the rows 0.3m during field planting Dig cave side to plant, 10~14cm of planting stock depth;
(4) field management after being colonized:
1. watering and ridging:Watered in time after field planting, carry out slow seedling, water bonnet hack, avoids overwhelming children during lid hack Seedling;
2. top dressing:After field planting 1 month, top dressing when shoot slow seedling survives and bears shoot;
(5) into seedling stage fertilizing management:Applied fertilizer according to the growing way, soil fertility and weather of asparagus different growing;
(6) harvest:The asparagus of field planting 2~3 years can be harvested, and one fraction of the year of the season spring and summer of harvesting is carried out, and selects ridge The side that face is heaved pushs soil aside with hand, and when the tender tips of bamboo shoot expose 7cm, left hand pinches the upper end of bamboo shoot stem, and the right hand is taken and adopts bamboo shoot knife, tender stem Produced from soil rapidly and be put into Sheng bamboo shoot container and covered with wet cloth, asparagus hole is filled out at once after adopting asparagus and by reality, ridging is together Yuan Long faces are high consistent, after harvesting 2 months, cut old branch.
By above technical scheme, in asparagus cultivation, seed treatment has been carried out, has ensured emergence rate during nursery, during field planting Select the aerial stem of plant number of asparagus must be more than 3, it is ensured that the survival rate after field planting, to be ploughed deeply to soil, on the one hand Making loosing soil, be easy to root growth, the ultraviolet of the another aspect sun can sterilize to soil sterilization, after harvesting 2 months, Old branch are cut, after harvesting 2 months, the respiration efficiency of old branch is higher than photosynthetic efficiency, therefore is advantageous to when cutting old branch New shoot growth.Rational fertilizer applications make asparagus growth fast, quality better, and yield is high, moreover it is possible to the hardened problem of improved soil.
Further, base manure described in step b is every mu of 80~120 kg of biological organic fertilizer, composite fertilizer (15-15-15) 25~40 kilograms every mu.
Further, step 2. described in top dressing be 20~50 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (25-5-5), complete water-soluble organic fertilizer 3 ~10 kilograms every mu.
Further, step (5) concretely comprises the following steps into what is applied fertilizer described in seedling stage fertilizing management:
(I) winter top dressing:Fertilization time is late October~mid-November, 120~200 kilograms every mu of organic fertilizer, composite fertilizer 10~40 kilograms every mu of (18-8-14), complete middle 1~6 kilogram every mu of trace element fertilizer;
(II) spring fertilizer:2 months~March, 20~40 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (17-17-17);
(III) fertilizer is harvested for the first time:15~30 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18);
(IV) second of harvesting fertilizer:150~200 kilograms every mu of biological organic fertilizer, 10~30 kilograms of composite fertilizer (16-6-18) Every mu, complete middle 2~5 kilograms every mu of trace element fertilizer;
(V) third time harvests fertilizer:15~30 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18).
In technical scheme, the composite fertilizer (20-12-8) refers to nitrogen (purity nitrogen) content 20%, phosphorus content (five oxygen Change two phosphorus) content 12%, potassium (potassium oxide) content 8%;
Composite fertilizer (15-15-15) refers to nitrogen (purity nitrogen) content 15%, phosphorus content (phosphorus pentoxide) content 15%, potassium (oxygen Change potassium) content 15%;
Composite fertilizer (25-5-5) refers to nitrogen (purity nitrogen) content 25%, phosphorus content (phosphorus pentoxide) content 5%, potassium (oxidation Potassium) content 5%;
Composite fertilizer (18-8-14) refers to nitrogen (purity nitrogen) content 18%, phosphorus content (phosphorus pentoxide) content 8%, potassium (oxidation Potassium) content 14%;
Composite fertilizer (17-17-17) refers to nitrogen (purity nitrogen) content 17%, phosphorus content (phosphorus pentoxide) content 17%, potassium (oxygen Change potassium) content 17%;
Composite fertilizer (16-6-18) refers to nitrogen (purity nitrogen) content 16%, phosphorus content (phosphorus pentoxide) content 6%, potassium (oxidation Potassium) content 18%.
In summary, by adopting the above-described technical solution, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:(1) in asparagus different bearing Phase, organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer is reasonably combined, a great number of elements and trace element fertilizer are reasonably combined, make fertilising scientific and reasonable, can be notable Improve Yield of Asparagus and quality;(2) management science is reasonable;(3) application of organic fertilizers can improve hardened soil, make the gas permeability of soil It is good, it is easy to asparagus to grow;(4) after harvesting 2 months, old branch is cut, are advantageous to New shoot growth.
Embodiment
All features disclosed in this specification, can be with any in addition to mutually exclusive feature and/or step Mode combines.
Embodiment 1
A kind of asparagus cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
(1) seed treatment:Emptied seeds are drifted out with clear water and are damaged by worms seed, are waited and are pulled seed out dress after seed water swelling Basin and lid wet cloth, are placed in vernalization in 25~28 DEG C of environment, change water daily 2 times, are sowed when the radicle of seed has 1/10 to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
(2) nursery:
A seedling raise periods:Late April;
B site preparation basal dressings:That the soil is porous is fertile for selection, and the loam or sandy loam of good permeability make nursery, and soil is deep Turning over 25.0cm, basal dressing, the base manure is 80 kilograms every mu of biological organic fertilizer, 25 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (15-15-15), and Mixed with soil, then leveling earth, make 15.0m × 1.2m furrow, the high 0.2m of furrow ridge;
C is sowed:The furrow face of furrow in step b is first filled permeable before sowing, lattice is drawn by seeding row spacing 10cm × 10cm, bud kind is inserted In the center of lattice, 2~3cm of fine earth is covered after inserting;
(3) it is colonized:
A resident times:Must be more than 3 using the aerial stem of plant number of asparagus during field planting, band soil ball orientation plant, to carry High-survival rate;
B selection of lands:Select fertile soil, water level low, can fertilizer conservation and can water conservation soil or sandy loam;
D applies field planting fertilizer when being colonized:Specially 80 kilograms every mu of biological organic fertilizer, 15 kilograms every mu of microbial bacterial agent are compound 25 kilograms every mu of fertile (20-12-8);
E plantation densities:It is colonized asparagus line-spacing 1.8m, spacing in the rows 0.3m, 1200~1800 plants every mu;
F field planting methods:Deep 30cm, wide 30~40cm field planting ditch are dug with spade, and forms ridge, by asparagus described in A The aerial stem of plant is put into ditch, and field planting is oriented according to the direction of growth of the aerial stem of plant of asparagus, along side at straight line spacing in the rows 0.3m during field planting Dig cave side to plant, 10~14cm of planting stock depth;
(4) field management after being colonized:
1. watering and ridging:Watered in time after field planting, carry out slow seedling, water bonnet hack, avoids overwhelming children during lid hack Seedling;
2. top dressing:After field planting 1 month, top dressing when shoot slow seedling survives and bears shoot, the top dressing is composite fertilizer 20 kilograms every mu of (25-5-5), complete water-soluble 3 kilograms every mu of organic fertilizer;
(5) into seedling stage fertilizing management:Applied fertilizer according to the growing way, soil fertility and weather of asparagus different growing, institute State concretely comprising the following steps for fertilising:
(I) winter top dressing:Fertilization time is late October~mid-November, every mu of organic fertilizer 120 kg, composite fertilizer (18-8- 14) 10 kilograms every mu, complete middle 1 kilogram every mu of trace element fertilizer;
(II) spring fertilizer:2 months~March, 20 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (17-17-17);
(III) fertilizer is harvested for the first time:15 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18);
(IV) second of harvesting fertilizer:150 kilograms every mu of biological organic fertilizer, 10 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18), Quan Zhong 2 kilograms every mu of trace element fertilizer;
(V) third time harvests fertilizer:15 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18);
(6) harvest:The asparagus of field planting 2~3 years can be harvested, and one fraction of the year of the season spring and summer of harvesting is carried out, and selects ridge The side that face is heaved pushs soil aside with hand, and when the tender tips of bamboo shoot expose 7cm, left hand pinches the upper end of bamboo shoot stem, and the right hand is taken and adopts bamboo shoot knife, tender stem Produced from soil rapidly and be put into Sheng bamboo shoot container and covered with wet cloth, asparagus hole is filled out at once after adopting asparagus and by reality, ridging is together Yuan Long faces are high consistent, after harvesting 2 months, cut old branch.
In asparagus cultivation, seed treatment having been carried out, having ensured emergence rate during nursery, the aerial stem of plant branch of asparagus is selected during field planting Number must be more than 3, it is ensured that the survival rate after field planting, soil are ploughed deeply, on the one hand makes loosing soil, is easy to root system Growth, the ultraviolet of the another aspect sun can sterilize to soil sterilization, after harvesting 2 months, cut old branch, because of harvesting 2 After month, the respiration efficiency of old branch is higher than photosynthetic efficiency, therefore is advantageous to New shoot growth when cutting old branch.Rational fertilising Scheme makes asparagus growth fast, quality better, and yield is high, moreover it is possible to the hardened problem of improved soil.
In the present embodiment, 2000~2500 jin every mu of Yield of Asparagus.
Embodiment 2
A kind of asparagus cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
(1) seed treatment:Emptied seeds are drifted out with clear water and are damaged by worms seed, are waited and are pulled seed out dress after seed water swelling Basin and lid wet cloth, are placed in vernalization in 25~28 DEG C of environment, change water daily 2 times, are sowed when the radicle of seed has 1/10 to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
(2) nursery:
A seedling raise periods:Late April;
B site preparation basal dressings:That the soil is porous is fertile for selection, and the loam or sandy loam of good permeability make nursery, and soil is deep Turning over 25.0cm, basal dressing, the base manure is 100 kilograms every mu of biological organic fertilizer, 35 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (15-15-15), and Mixed with soil, then leveling earth, make 15.0m × 1.2m furrow, the high 0.2m of furrow ridge;
C is sowed:The furrow face of furrow in step b is first filled permeable before sowing, lattice is drawn by seeding row spacing 10cm × 10cm, bud kind is inserted In the center of lattice, 2~3cm of fine earth is covered after inserting;
(3) it is colonized:
A resident times:Must be more than 3 using the aerial stem of plant number of asparagus during field planting, band soil ball orientation plant, to carry High-survival rate;
B selection of lands:Select fertile soil, water level low, can fertilizer conservation and can water conservation soil or sandy loam;
D applies field planting fertilizer when being colonized:Specially 100 kilograms every mu of biological organic fertilizer, 25 kilograms every mu of microbial bacterial agent are compound 35 kilograms every mu of fertile (20-12-8);
E plantation densities:It is colonized asparagus line-spacing 1.8m, spacing in the rows 0.3m, 1200~1800 plants every mu;
F field planting methods:Deep 30cm, wide 30~40cm field planting ditch are dug with spade, and forms ridge, by asparagus described in A The aerial stem of plant is put into ditch, and field planting is oriented according to the direction of growth of the aerial stem of plant of asparagus, along side at straight line spacing in the rows 0.3m during field planting Dig cave side to plant, 10~14cm of planting stock depth;
(4) field management after being colonized:
1. watering and ridging:Watered in time after field planting, carry out slow seedling, water bonnet hack, avoids overwhelming children during lid hack Seedling;
2. top dressing:After field planting 1 month, top dressing when shoot slow seedling survives and bears shoot, the top dressing is composite fertilizer 35 kilograms every mu of (25-5-5), complete water-soluble 6 kilograms every mu of organic fertilizer;
(5) into seedling stage fertilizing management:Applied fertilizer according to the growing way, soil fertility and weather of asparagus different growing, institute State concretely comprising the following steps for fertilising:
(I) winter top dressing:Fertilization time is late October~mid-November, 160 kilograms every mu of organic fertilizer, composite fertilizer (18-8- 14) 30 kilograms every mu, complete middle 3 kilograms every mu of trace element fertilizer;
(II) spring fertilizer:2 months~March, 30 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (17-17-17);
(III) fertilizer is harvested for the first time:25 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18);
(IV) second of harvesting fertilizer:180 kilograms every mu of biological organic fertilizer, 20 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18), Quan Zhong 3 kilograms every mu of trace element fertilizer;
(V) third time harvests fertilizer:20 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18);
(6) harvest:The asparagus of field planting 2~3 years can be harvested, and one fraction of the year of the season spring and summer of harvesting is carried out, and selects ridge The side that face is heaved pushs soil aside with hand, and when the tender tips of bamboo shoot expose 7cm, left hand pinches the upper end of bamboo shoot stem, and the right hand is taken and adopts bamboo shoot knife, tender stem Produced from soil rapidly and be put into Sheng bamboo shoot container and covered with wet cloth, asparagus hole is filled out at once after adopting asparagus and by reality, ridging is together Yuan Long faces are high consistent, after harvesting 2 months, cut old branch.
In asparagus cultivation, seed treatment having been carried out, having ensured emergence rate during nursery, the aerial stem of plant branch of asparagus is selected during field planting Number must be more than 3, it is ensured that the survival rate after field planting, soil are ploughed deeply, on the one hand makes loosing soil, is easy to root system Growth, the ultraviolet of the another aspect sun can sterilize to soil sterilization, after harvesting 2 months, cut old branch, because of harvesting 2 After month, the respiration efficiency of old branch is higher than photosynthetic efficiency, therefore is advantageous to New shoot growth when cutting old branch.Rational fertilising Scheme makes asparagus growth fast, quality better, and yield is high, moreover it is possible to the hardened problem of improved soil.
In the present embodiment, 2500~3000 jin every mu of Yield of Asparagus.
Embodiment 3
A kind of asparagus cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
(1) seed treatment:Emptied seeds are drifted out with clear water and are damaged by worms seed, are waited and are pulled seed out dress after seed water swelling Basin and lid wet cloth, are placed in vernalization in 25~28 DEG C of environment, change water daily 2 times, are sowed when the radicle of seed has 1/10 to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
(2) nursery:
A seedling raise periods:Late April;
B site preparation basal dressings:That the soil is porous is fertile for selection, and the loam or sandy loam of good permeability make nursery, and soil is deep Turning over 25.0cm, basal dressing, the base manure is every mu of biological organic fertilizer 120 kg, 40 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (15-15-15), and Mixed with soil, then leveling earth, make 15.0m × 1.2m furrow, the high 0.2m of furrow ridge;
C is sowed:The furrow face of furrow in step b is first filled permeable before sowing, lattice is drawn by seeding row spacing 10cm × 10cm, bud kind is inserted In the center of lattice, 2~3cm of fine earth is covered after inserting;
(3) it is colonized:
A resident times:Must be more than 3 using the aerial stem of plant number of asparagus during field planting, band soil ball orientation plant, to carry High-survival rate;
B selection of lands:Select fertile soil, water level low, can fertilizer conservation and can water conservation soil or sandy loam;
D applies field planting fertilizer when being colonized:Specially every mu of biological organic fertilizer 120 kg, 30 kilograms every mu of microbial bacterial agent are compound 40 kilograms every mu of fertile (20-12-8);
E plantation densities:It is colonized asparagus line-spacing 1.8m, spacing in the rows 0.3m, 1200~1800 plants every mu;
F field planting methods:Deep 30cm, wide 30~40cm field planting ditch are dug with spade, and forms ridge, by asparagus described in A The aerial stem of plant is put into ditch, and field planting is oriented according to the direction of growth of the aerial stem of plant of asparagus, along side at straight line spacing in the rows 0.3m during field planting Dig cave side to plant, 10~14cm of planting stock depth;
(4) field management after being colonized:
1. watering and ridging:Watered in time after field planting, carry out slow seedling, water bonnet hack, avoids overwhelming children during lid hack Seedling;
2. top dressing:After field planting 1 month, top dressing when shoot slow seedling survives and bears shoot, the top dressing is composite fertilizer 50 kilograms every mu of (25-5-5), complete water-soluble 10 kilograms every mu of organic fertilizer;
(5) into seedling stage fertilizing management:Applied fertilizer according to the growing way, soil fertility and weather of asparagus different growing, institute State concretely comprising the following steps for fertilising:
(I) winter top dressing:Fertilization time is late October~mid-November, 200 kilograms every mu of organic fertilizer, composite fertilizer (18-8- 14) 40 kilograms every mu, complete middle 6 kilograms every mu of trace element fertilizer;
(II) spring fertilizer:2 months~March, 40 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (17-17-17);
(III) fertilizer is harvested for the first time:30 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18);
(IV) second of harvesting fertilizer:200 kilograms every mu of biological organic fertilizer, 30 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18), Quan Zhong 5 kilograms every mu of trace element fertilizer;
(V) third time harvests fertilizer:30 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18);
(6) harvest:The asparagus of field planting 2~3 years can be harvested, and one fraction of the year of the season spring and summer of harvesting is carried out, and selects ridge The side that face is heaved pushs soil aside with hand, and when the tender tips of bamboo shoot expose 7cm, left hand pinches the upper end of bamboo shoot stem, and the right hand is taken and adopts bamboo shoot knife, tender stem Produced from soil rapidly and be put into Sheng bamboo shoot container and covered with wet cloth, asparagus hole is filled out at once after adopting asparagus and by reality, ridging is together Yuan Long faces are high consistent, after harvesting 2 months, cut old branch.
In asparagus cultivation, seed treatment having been carried out, having ensured emergence rate during nursery, the aerial stem of plant branch of asparagus is selected during field planting Number must be more than 3, it is ensured that the survival rate after field planting, soil are ploughed deeply, on the one hand makes loosing soil, is easy to root system Growth, the ultraviolet of the another aspect sun can sterilize to soil sterilization, after harvesting 2 months, cut old branch, because of harvesting 2 After month, the respiration efficiency of old branch is higher than photosynthetic efficiency, therefore is advantageous to New shoot growth when cutting old branch.Rational fertilising Scheme makes asparagus growth fast, quality better, and yield is high, moreover it is possible to the hardened problem of improved soil.
In the present embodiment, 1800~2000 jin every mu of Yield of Asparagus.
Comparative example
A kind of asparagus cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
(1) seed treatment:Emptied seeds are drifted out with clear water and are damaged by worms seed, are waited and are pulled seed out dress after seed water swelling Basin and lid wet cloth, are placed in vernalization in 25~28 DEG C of environment, change water daily 2 times, are sowed when the radicle of seed has 1/10 to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
(2) nursery:
A seedling raise periods:Late April;
B site preparation basal dressings:That the soil is porous is fertile for selection, and the loam or sandy loam of good permeability make nursery, and soil is deep 25.0cm, basal dressing are turned over, the base manure is 30 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (15-15-15), and is mixed with soil, then leveling earth, Make 15.0m × 1.2m furrow, the high 0.2m of furrow ridge;
C is sowed:The furrow face of furrow in step b is first filled permeable before sowing, lattice is drawn by seeding row spacing 10cm × 10cm, bud kind is inserted In the center of lattice, 2~3cm of fine earth is covered after inserting;
(3) it is colonized:
A resident times:Must be more than 3 using the aerial stem of plant number of asparagus during field planting, band soil ball orientation plant, to carry High-survival rate;
B selection of lands:Select fertile soil, water level low, can fertilizer conservation and can water conservation soil or sandy loam;
D applies field planting fertilizer when being colonized:30 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (20-12-8);
E plantation densities:It is colonized asparagus line-spacing 1.8m, spacing in the rows 0.3m, 1200~1800 plants every mu;
F field planting methods:Deep 30cm, wide 30~40cm field planting ditch are dug with spade, and forms ridge, by asparagus described in A The aerial stem of plant is put into ditch, and field planting is oriented according to the direction of growth of the aerial stem of plant of asparagus, along side at straight line spacing in the rows 0.3m during field planting Dig cave side to plant, 10~14cm of planting stock depth;
(4) field management after being colonized:
1. watering and ridging:Watered in time after field planting, carry out slow seedling, water bonnet hack, avoids overwhelming children during lid hack Seedling;
2. top dressing:After field planting 1 month, top dressing when shoot slow seedling survives and bears shoot, the top dressing is composite fertilizer 35 kilograms every mu of (25-5-5);
(5) into seedling stage fertilizing management:Applied fertilizer according to the growing way, soil fertility and weather of asparagus different growing, institute State concretely comprising the following steps for fertilising:
(I) winter top dressing:Fertilization time is late October~mid-November, 30 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (18-8-14);
(II) spring fertilizer:2 months~March, 30 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (17-17-17);
(III) fertilizer is harvested for the first time:20 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18);
(IV) second of harvesting fertilizer:20 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18);
(V) third time harvests fertilizer:25 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18);
(6) harvest:The asparagus of field planting 2~3 years can be harvested, and one fraction of the year of the season spring and summer of harvesting is carried out, and selects ridge The side that face is heaved pushs soil aside with hand, and when the tender tips of bamboo shoot expose 7cm, left hand pinches the upper end of bamboo shoot stem, and the right hand is taken and adopts bamboo shoot knife, tender stem Produced from soil rapidly and be put into Sheng bamboo shoot container and covered with wet cloth, asparagus hole is filled out at once after adopting asparagus and by reality, ridging is together Yuan Long faces are high consistent, after harvesting 2 months, cut old branch.
In asparagus cultivation, seed treatment having been carried out, having ensured emergence rate during nursery, the aerial stem of plant branch of asparagus is selected during field planting Number must be more than 3, it is ensured that the survival rate after field planting, soil are ploughed deeply, on the one hand makes loosing soil, is easy to root system Growth, the ultraviolet of the another aspect sun can sterilize to soil sterilization, after harvesting 2 months, cut old branch, because of harvesting 2 After month, the respiration efficiency of old branch is higher than photosynthetic efficiency, therefore is advantageous to New shoot growth when cutting old branch.Grown in asparagus In non-application of organic fertilizers, cause Quality of asparagus poor, yield poorly, and be unable to the hardened problem of improved soil.
In this comparative example, 1500~1800 jin every mu of Yield of Asparagus.
It is embodiments of the invention as described above.The present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, anyone should learn that The structure change made under the enlightenment of the present invention, the technical schemes that are same or similar to the present invention, each fall within this Within the protection domain of invention.

Claims (4)

  1. A kind of 1. asparagus cultivation method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
    (1) seed treatment:Emptied seeds are drifted out with clear water and are damaged by worms seed, are waited and are pulled seed out dress basin simultaneously after seed water swelling Lid wet cloth, is placed in vernalization in 25~28 DEG C of environment, changes water daily 2 times, is sowed when the radicle of seed has 1/10 to show money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
    (2) nursery:
    A seedling raise periods:Late April;
    B site preparation basal dressings:That the soil is porous is fertile for selection, and the loam or sandy loam of good permeability make nursery, soil deep tillage 25.0cm, basal dressing, and mixed with soil, then leveling earth, make 15.0m × 1.2m furrow, the high 0.2m of furrow ridge;
    C is sowed:The furrow face of furrow in step b is first filled permeable before sowing, lattice is drawn by seeding row spacing 10cm × 10cm, bud kind is inserted in lattice Center, insert after cover 2~3cm of fine earth;
    (3) it is colonized:
    A resident times:Must be more than 3 using the aerial stem of plant number of asparagus during field planting, band soil ball orientation plant, to improve into Motility rate;
    B selection of lands:Select fertile soil, water level low, can fertilizer conservation and can water conservation soil or sandy loam;
    D applies field planting fertilizer when being colonized:Specially every mu of 80~120 kg of biological organic fertilizer, 15~30 kilograms every mu of microbial bacterial agent, 25~40 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (20-12-8);
    E plantation densities:It is colonized asparagus line-spacing 1.8m, spacing in the rows 0.3m, 1200~1800 plants every mu;
    F field planting methods:Deep 30cm, wide 30~40cm field planting ditch are dug with spade, and forms ridge, by the ground of asparagus described in A Stem is put into ditch, and field planting is oriented according to the direction of growth of the aerial stem of plant of asparagus, digs cave along side at straight line spacing in the rows 0.3m during field planting Side plants, 10~14cm of planting stock depth;
    (4) field management after being colonized:
    1. watering and ridging:Watered in time after field planting, carry out slow seedling, water bonnet hack, avoids overwhelming seedling during lid hack;
    2. top dressing:After field planting 1 month, top dressing when shoot slow seedling survives and bears shoot;
    (5) into seedling stage fertilizing management:Applied fertilizer according to the growing way, soil fertility and weather of asparagus different growing;
    (6) harvest:The asparagus of field planting 2~3 years can be harvested, and one fraction of the year of the season spring and summer of harvesting is carried out, and select ridge face drum The side risen pushs soil aside with hand, and when the tender tips of bamboo shoot expose 7cm, left hand pinches the upper end of bamboo shoot stem, and the right hand is taken and adopts bamboo shoot knife, and tender stem is rapid Produced from soil and be put into Sheng bamboo shoot container and covered with wet cloth, asparagus hole is filled out at once after adopting asparagus and by reality, earthed up with former ridge Face is high consistent, after harvesting 2 months, cuts old branch.
  2. 2. a kind of asparagus cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that base manure described in step b is biological organic Fertile every mu of 80~120 kg, 25~40 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (15-15-15).
  3. A kind of 3. asparagus cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step 2. described in top dressing be composite fertilizer 20~50 kilograms every mu of (25-5-5), complete water-soluble 3~10 kilograms every mu of organic fertilizer.
  4. 4. a kind of asparagus cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step (5) is into institute in seedling stage fertilizing management State concretely comprising the following steps for fertilising:
    (I) winter top dressing:Fertilization time is late October~mid-November, 120~200 kilograms every mu of organic fertilizer, composite fertilizer (18-8- 14) 10~40 kilograms every mu, complete middle 1~6 kilogram every mu of trace element fertilizer;
    (II) spring fertilizer:2 months~March, 20~40 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (17-17-17);
    (III) fertilizer is harvested for the first time:15~30 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18);
    (IV) second of harvesting fertilizer:150~200 kilograms every mu of biological organic fertilizer, 10~30 kilograms of composite fertilizer (16-6-18) are every Mu, complete middle 2~5 kilograms every mu of trace element fertilizer;
    (V) third time harvests fertilizer:15~30 kilograms every mu of composite fertilizer (16-6-18).
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108308009A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-07-24 河南省现代农业研究院 A kind of vegetable soilless culture method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100581345C (en) * 2006-07-12 2010-01-20 施渭尧 Asparagus cultivating process with whole course covering, twice stem keeping and third picking
CN103875423A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-06-25 宜兴市钰荧生态种养专业合作社 Method for cultivating asparagus
CN106332651A (en) * 2016-08-16 2017-01-18 长沙市望城区田之源生态农业有限公司 Cultivation method of high-quality asparagus
CN106718012A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-31 贵州黔农农业科技有限公司 A kind of asparagus interplants the cultural method of potato

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100581345C (en) * 2006-07-12 2010-01-20 施渭尧 Asparagus cultivating process with whole course covering, twice stem keeping and third picking
CN103875423A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-06-25 宜兴市钰荧生态种养专业合作社 Method for cultivating asparagus
CN106332651A (en) * 2016-08-16 2017-01-18 长沙市望城区田之源生态农业有限公司 Cultivation method of high-quality asparagus
CN106718012A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-31 贵州黔农农业科技有限公司 A kind of asparagus interplants the cultural method of potato

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108308009A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-07-24 河南省现代农业研究院 A kind of vegetable soilless culture method

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