CN107295891A - A kind of kidney bean method for non-polluted cultivation - Google Patents

A kind of kidney bean method for non-polluted cultivation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107295891A
CN107295891A CN201710675764.4A CN201710675764A CN107295891A CN 107295891 A CN107295891 A CN 107295891A CN 201710675764 A CN201710675764 A CN 201710675764A CN 107295891 A CN107295891 A CN 107295891A
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Prior art keywords
soil
kidney bean
seed
parts
ridge
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CN201710675764.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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李晓枫
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李晓枫
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Priority to CN201710675764.4A priority Critical patent/CN107295891A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/08Immunising seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of kidney bean method for non-polluted cultivation, comprises the following steps:Soil preparation, seed treatment, sowing preparation, sowing, built, seedling management, rich water quality management, insect prevention disease, harvesting.Cultural method of the present invention is simple, and cost is low, it is easy to promote, and cultivates obtained kidney bean natural green health, and nutritional ingredient is high, while also reducing pollution to environment.

Description

A kind of kidney bean method for non-polluted cultivation
Technical field
The invention belongs to crops non-pollution cultivation technique field, and in particular to a kind of kidney bean method for non-polluted cultivation.
Background technology
Pollution-free vegetable refers to that home environment, production process, target product quality meet the nuisanceless agriculture of National agricultural industry Product standard and production technology regulation, pass the authentication are approved the vegetables primary product or first identified using non-polluted farm product Level processed goods.As the improvement of people's living standards, just increasing to pollution-free vegetable demand.
The content of the invention
For above-mentioned, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of kidney bean method for non-polluted cultivation, kidney bean market effect is improved Benefit.
The present invention is adopted the technical scheme that:
A kind of kidney bean method for non-polluted cultivation, comprises the following steps:
(1) soil prepares:The fertile soil of vegetables was not planted in selection for 2 years, by soil deep tillage 30-40cm, soil surface 1 or 2 layer of white mulch film or old canopy film are covered, while be covered with canopy film, using the thermogenetic high temperature of the sun, germ in kill soil, Worm's ovum and grass-seed;
(2) seed treatment:Choose seeds within 5-7 days before broadcasting, reject scab grain, mould grain, remnant, flat grain, granule, grass-seed and debris Afterwards, choose the big seed of healthy, full, grain and make seed;First bask seeds, enhancing kind transdermally improves germinating energy and the germination of seed Rate, places into 10% tri-sodium phosphate solution and soaks 25 minutes;
(3) sowing prepares:Gutter, draining ditch depth 10-12cm, adjacent row ditch spacing are dug out between field with spade It is ridge between 80-100cm, gutter, applies Nutrition Soil on ridge and mix thoroughly, apply 1-2kg per square meter, then use plastic sheeting lid Firmly, boil in a covered pot over a slow fire to kill and film is opened after 1-2 days;
(4) sow:Sowed on the ridge of step (3) processing, 2-3 seeds are broadcast every 25cm;
(5) built:The high shelfs of 1.5-2m are set up with bamboo or branch at the edge on ridge, grows and climbs for cowpea;
(6) seedling management:The in good time even seedling of thinning, go it is weak stay strong, go it is small stay big, go it is askew stay just, impurity elimination stays pure, rogues and stays It is excellent;
(7) rich water quality management:Soil moisture 75-80% is kept, every mu imposes nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 100- when starting to bear fruit 200kg;
(8) insect prevention disease:The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is carried out using measures such as agricultural, physics, when serious, low toxicity is also can select efficient Medicament carries out chemical prevention;
(9) harvest:Harvested in time according to kidney bean natural maturity degree.
Preferably, sun sterilizing time at least 40 days in step (1).
Preferably, first sprinkling is carried out to soil with 50% carbendazol wettable powder, 1200 times of liquid sprayings in step (3) to disappear Poison.
Preferably, the Nutrition Soil described in step (3) is composed of the following raw materials by weight:5-8 parts of Chicken dung, leaf mould 20-30 parts, 10-20 parts of chitosan, 5-10 parts of river sand, 3-5 parts of wheat bran, 1-3 parts of white lime.
Preferably, nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, the mass ratio of potash fertilizer are in nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer described in step (7):1.8:0.8: 1.4。
It is an advantage of the invention that:Cultural method of the present invention is simple, and cost is low, it is easy to promote, and cultivates obtained kidney bean day Right green and healthy, nutritional ingredient is high, while also reducing pollution to environment.
Embodiment
Presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is described in detail below so that advantages and features of the invention can be easier to by It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that apparent clearly being defined so as to be made to protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of kidney bean method for non-polluted cultivation, comprises the following steps:
(1) soil prepares:The fertile soil of vegetables was not planted in selection for 2 years, and by soil deep tillage 30cm, soil surface covers 1 layer of white mulch film of lid or old canopy film, while be covered with canopy film, using the thermogenetic high temperature of the sun, kill germ in soil, worm's ovum and Grass-seed, continues 40 days;
(2) seed treatment:Broadcast after seed selection in first 5 days, rejecting scab grain, mould grain, remnant, flat grain, granule, grass-seed and debris, Choose the big seed of healthy, full, grain and make seed;First bask seeds, enhancing kind transdermally improves the germinating energy and germination percentage of seed, Place into 10% tri-sodium phosphate solution and soak 25 minutes;
(3) sowing prepares:Dig out gutter between field with spade, draining ditch depth 10cm, adjacent row ditch spacing 80cm, It is ridge between gutter, applies Nutrition Soil on ridge and mix thoroughly, apply 1kg per square meter, then covered with plastic sheeting, it is stewing to kill 1 day After open film;
(4) sow:Sowed on the ridge of step (3) processing, 2-3 seeds are broadcast every 25cm;
(5) built:The high shelfs of 1.5m are set up with bamboo or branch at the edge on ridge, grows and climbs for cowpea;
(6) seedling management:The in good time even seedling of thinning, go it is weak stay strong, go it is small stay big, go it is askew stay just, impurity elimination stays pure, rogues and stays It is excellent;
(7) rich water quality management:Soil moisture 75% is kept, every mu imposes nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 100kg when starting to bear fruit;
(8) insect prevention disease:The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is carried out using measures such as agricultural, physics, when serious, low toxicity is also can select efficient Medicament carries out chemical prevention;
(9) harvest:Harvested in time according to kidney bean natural maturity degree.
Spray disinfectant first is carried out to soil with 50% carbendazol wettable powder, 1200 times of liquid sprayings in step (3).
Nutrition Soil described in step (3) is composed of the following raw materials by weight:5 parts of Chicken dung, 20 parts of leaf mould, shell gather 10 parts of sugar, 5 parts of river sand, 3 parts of wheat bran, 1 part of white lime.
Nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, the mass ratio of potash fertilizer are in nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer described in step (7):1.8:0.8:1.4.
Embodiment 2
A kind of kidney bean method for non-polluted cultivation, comprises the following steps:
(1) soil prepares:The fertile soil of vegetables was not planted in selection for 2 years, and by soil deep tillage 40cm, soil surface covers 2 layers of white mulch film of lid or old canopy film, while be covered with canopy film, using the thermogenetic high temperature of the sun, kill germ in soil, worm's ovum and Grass-seed, continues 40 days;
(2) seed treatment:Broadcast after seed selection in first 7 days, rejecting scab grain, mould grain, remnant, flat grain, granule, grass-seed and debris, Choose the big seed of healthy, full, grain and make seed;First bask seeds, enhancing kind transdermally improves the germinating energy and germination percentage of seed, Place into 10% tri-sodium phosphate solution and soak 25 minutes;
(3) sowing prepares:Gutter, draining ditch depth 12cm, adjacent row ditch spacing are dug out between field with spade It is ridge between 100cm, gutter, applies Nutrition Soil on ridge and mix thoroughly, apply 2kg per square meter, then covered with plastic sheeting, boil in a covered pot over a slow fire Film is opened after killing 2 days;
(4) sow:Sowed on the ridge of step (3) processing, 2-3 seeds are broadcast every 25cm;
(5) built:The high shelfs of 2m are set up with bamboo or branch at the edge on ridge, grows and climbs for cowpea;
(6) seedling management:The in good time even seedling of thinning, go it is weak stay strong, go it is small stay big, go it is askew stay just, impurity elimination stays pure, rogues and stays It is excellent;
(7) rich water quality management:Soil moisture 80% is kept, every mu imposes nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 200kg when starting to bear fruit;
(8) insect prevention disease:The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is carried out using measures such as agricultural, physics, when serious, low toxicity is also can select efficient Medicament carries out chemical prevention;
(9) harvest:Harvested in time according to kidney bean natural maturity degree.
Spray disinfectant first is carried out to soil with 50% carbendazol wettable powder, 1200 times of liquid sprayings in step (3).
Nutrition Soil described in step (3) is composed of the following raw materials by weight:8 parts of Chicken dung, 30 parts of leaf mould, shell gather 20 parts of sugar, 10 parts of river sand, 5 parts of wheat bran, 3 parts of white lime.
Nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, the mass ratio of potash fertilizer are in nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer described in step (7):1.8:0.8:1.4.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of kidney bean method for non-polluted cultivation, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) soil prepares:The fertile soil of vegetables was not planted in selection for 2 years, by soil deep tillage 30-40cm, soil surface covering 1 or 2 layer of white mulch film or old canopy film, while be covered with canopy film, using the thermogenetic high temperature of the sun, kill germ in soil, worm's ovum And grass-seed;
(2) seed treatment:Choose seeds within 5-7 days before broadcasting, after rejecting scab grain, mould grain, remnant, flat grain, granule, grass-seed and debris, choosing The seed for taking healthy, full, grain big makees seed;First bask seeds, enhancing kind transdermally improves the germinating energy and germination percentage of seed, then It is put into 10% tri-sodium phosphate solution and soaks 25 minutes;
(3) sowing prepares:Gutter, draining ditch depth 10-12cm, adjacent row ditch spacing 80- are dug out between field with spade It is ridge between 100cm, gutter, applies Nutrition Soil on ridge and mix thoroughly, apply 1-2kg per square meter, then covered with plastic sheeting, Stewing kill opens film after 1-2 days;
(4) sow:Sowed on the ridge of step (3) processing, 2-3 seeds are broadcast every 25cm;
(5) built:The high shelfs of 1.5-2m are set up with bamboo or branch at the edge on ridge, grows and climbs for cowpea;
(6) seedling management:The in good time even seedling of thinning, go it is weak stay strong, go it is small stay big, go it is askew stay just, impurity elimination stays pure, and roguing, it is excellent to stay;
(7) rich water quality management:Soil moisture 75-80% is kept, every mu imposes nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 100-200kg when starting to bear fruit;
(8) insect prevention disease:The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is carried out using measures such as agricultural, physics, when serious, the efficient medicament of low toxicity is also can select Carry out chemical prevention;
(9) harvest:Harvested in time according to kidney bean natural maturity degree.
2. kidney bean method for non-polluted cultivation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that sun sterilizing time in step (1) At least 40 days.
3. kidney bean method for non-polluted cultivation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that first with bacterium more than 50% in step (3) Clever 1200 times of liquid sprayings of wettable powder carry out spray disinfectant to soil.
4. kidney bean method for non-polluted cultivation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the Nutrition Soil described in step (3) It is composed of the following raw materials by weight:5-8 parts of Chicken dung, 20-30 parts of leaf mould, 10-20 parts of chitosan, 5-10 parts of river sand, bran 3-5 parts of skin, 1-3 parts of white lime.
5. kidney bean method for non-polluted cultivation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that azophoska described in step (7) Nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, the mass ratio of potash fertilizer are in Hefei:1.8:0.8:1.4.
CN201710675764.4A 2017-08-09 2017-08-09 A kind of kidney bean method for non-polluted cultivation Pending CN107295891A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108283122A (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-07-17 安徽皖东农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods improving kidney bean yield
CN109769636A (en) * 2017-11-13 2019-05-21 丹阳市陵口镇漕塘土地股份专业合作社 A kind of fruits and vegetables compost

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RO114712B1 (en) * 1997-04-10 1999-07-30 Inst Cercetari Pentru Cereale Beans (phaseolus vulgaris l) variety named "vera"
CN103210713A (en) * 2013-05-05 2013-07-24 涂维浩 Method for improving soil fertility of greenhouse and preventing soil disease
CN103348853A (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-10-16 镇江市丹徒区世青蔬菜专业合作社 Cultivation method of string beans
CN104041288A (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-09-17 青岛博洋生物技术有限公司 Kidney bean planting method
CN104396530A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-03-11 江西省杨岐山生态农业开发有限公司 High-quality and high-output planting method for hot pepper
CN104521401A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-04-22 麻城市蔬菜技术推广站 Returning-to-field treatment technology for green stalks of peppers planted in greenhouse
KR20150061118A (en) * 2013-11-25 2015-06-04 대한민국(농촌진흥청장) Kidney bean herbs, and cultivation method thereof
CN105815076A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-08-03 柳培健 Cultivating method of nuisanceless cowpea
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CN103210713A (en) * 2013-05-05 2013-07-24 涂维浩 Method for improving soil fertility of greenhouse and preventing soil disease
CN103348853A (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-10-16 镇江市丹徒区世青蔬菜专业合作社 Cultivation method of string beans
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CN104396530A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-03-11 江西省杨岐山生态农业开发有限公司 High-quality and high-output planting method for hot pepper
CN104521401A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-04-22 麻城市蔬菜技术推广站 Returning-to-field treatment technology for green stalks of peppers planted in greenhouse
CN105815076A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-08-03 柳培健 Cultivating method of nuisanceless cowpea
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109769636A (en) * 2017-11-13 2019-05-21 丹阳市陵口镇漕塘土地股份专业合作社 A kind of fruits and vegetables compost
CN108283122A (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-07-17 安徽皖东农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods improving kidney bean yield

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