CN107278694A - A kind of plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device - Google Patents

A kind of plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107278694A
CN107278694A CN201710692324.XA CN201710692324A CN107278694A CN 107278694 A CN107278694 A CN 107278694A CN 201710692324 A CN201710692324 A CN 201710692324A CN 107278694 A CN107278694 A CN 107278694A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cuttage
plant
culture tank
culture
seedling culture
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710692324.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
石华兵
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hubei Ruisheng Biological Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hubei Ruisheng Biological Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hubei Ruisheng Biological Co Ltd filed Critical Hubei Ruisheng Biological Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710692324.XA priority Critical patent/CN107278694A/en
Publication of CN107278694A publication Critical patent/CN107278694A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0206Canopies, i.e. devices providing a roof above the plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/001Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots with intermittent watering means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/003Controls for self-acting watering devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/20Forcing-frames; Lights, i.e. glass panels covering the forcing-frames
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device, including several culture tanks for being arranged side by side;The culture tank is in inverted trapezoidal structure;The bottom of culture tank offers and is provided with arch-shaped clapboard above gutter, gutter;It is provided with some the first ventilating drainage holes uniformly arranged on arch-shaped clapboard side by side along along the direction of diversion slot length;Some second ventilating drainage holes are offered on the side wall of culture tank side by side;Heating wire is embedded with the bottom of culture tank and/or side wall;Cuttage basic unit is equipped with the culture tank.Water content, root-promoting hormone concentration level and nutrient content in cuttage plant tissue can be greatly improved in plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device of the present invention, the tissue callus and rooting rate of plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture is greatly shortened, cutting plantation and survival rate of seedling improve 50%~80%, whole device good operating stability, efficiency high, can continuously it use for a long time, it is with low cost, with good economic benefit.

Description

A kind of plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device
Technical field
The present invention relates to plant cuttage nursery field, it particularly relates to a kind of plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device.
Background technology
Cuttage and seedling culture can not only keep the excellent inhereditary feature of parent, and with low cost, it is easy to extensive quick breeding, be The major way of xylophyta nursery.However, it is difficult to the seeds of cuttage root-taking for some, or the branch of cuttage and seedling culture is adopted Collection, cuttings cut with cuttings dehydration during the cuttage of crop field, tend to occur cuttings callus difficult, cuttage and seedling culture survival rate of taking root low The problem of, influence nursery stock production.In existing cuttage raise seedling technique, in addition to application steroids root-inducing promoter, lack other Targetedly improve the effective technology measure of cuttage and seedling culture survival rate.
Nursery is typically chosen in crop field progress, is also, in greenhouse, to be carried out in temperature controlled compartment even with breeding and seedling nursing with equipment.To difficulty Outside rooting plant is removed carried out in laboratory at present, or tissue culture is carried out, still, laboratory and tissue culture requirement and strict, investment Greatly, it is not suitable for vast nursery worker to thirst for nursery demand difficult to take root and nursery, also results in plant difficult to take root far from The market demand can be met, it is impossible to feed them into huge numbers of families, held at high price.Do not occurred not yet supplying cuttage in the market The commodity facility of nursery, this simple cuttage device for raising seedlings is not limited by place, can be produced throughout the year, is vast nursery work Author is directed to the preferred micromodule equipment of cuttage and seedling culture difficult to take root.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention provides a kind of plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device, the present apparatus is from culture Matrix, control substrate temperature, humid control, intensity of illumination, waits and has accomplished the growth characteristics for meeting plant with difficult rooting, make difficult to take root The plant present apparatus in be easy to survive.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution taken of the present invention is:
A kind of plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device, including several culture tanks for being arranged side by side;The culture tank is in Trapezium structure;The bottom of the culture tank offers and is provided with arch-shaped clapboard above gutter, the gutter;The arch It is provided with some the first ventilating drainage holes uniformly arranged on dividing plate side by side along along the direction of diversion slot length;The side of the culture tank Some second ventilating drainage holes are offered on wall side by side;Heating wire is embedded with the bottom of the culture tank and/or side wall;It is described Cuttage basic unit is equipped with culture tank.
As the preferred of the present embodiment, the length of the upper groove surface of each culture tank is 100cm, and the length of bottom land is 80cm, the width 60cm of upper groove surface, the width 40cm of bottom land.
As the preferred of the present embodiment, the spacing 8 between two neighboring first ventilating drainage hole on the arch-shaped clapboard ~10cm, the line-spacing of adjacent rows is 4~5cm, the 0.6~0.8cm of aperture in the first ventilating drainage hole.
As the preferred of the present embodiment, 8~10cm of spacing between the second ventilating drainage hole in the culture groove sidewall, The line-spacing of adjacent rows is 4~5cm, the 0.6~0.8cm of aperture in the second ventilating drainage hole.
As the preferred of the present embodiment, the embedded heating wire of each culture tank is 2, the power of every heating wire For 200w.
As the preferred of the present embodiment, the material of the cuttage basic unit is by river sand, quartz sand, perlite, vermiculite, charing rice Shell, sawdust, peat soil are constituted.
As the preferred of the present embodiment, dismountable sunshading board and atomizing spray dress are installed above the culture tank Put, humiture moisture transducer, the humiture moisture transducer and outside humiture water are embedded with the cuttage basic unit Sensing and controlling device is divided to be electrically connected with.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
1st, plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device of the present invention passes through the above-mentioned knot of the device from cutting medium Structure is designed, and is realized to cuttage basic unit control of temperature and humidity, intensity of illumination, the Comprehensive Control of time, the cuttage base in the present apparatus Layer meets the growth characteristics of plant with difficult rooting, plant difficult to take root is avoided washiness under conditions set and causes rotten, The phenomenon of seemingly-dead, false work without callus.
2nd, containing in cuttage plant tissue can be greatly improved in plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device of the present invention Water, root-promoting hormone concentration level and nutrient content, are greatly shortened the tissue callus of plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture and take root Rate, cutting plantation and survival rate of seedling improve 50%~80%, and whole device good operating stability, efficiency high can connect for a long time It is continuous to use, it is with low cost, with good economic benefit.
3rd, plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device of the present invention is not limited by place, can be produced throughout the year, It is the preferred micromodule equipment that vast nursery worker is directed to cuttage and seedling culture difficult to take root.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device of the invention.
Shown in figure:1st, culture tank, 2, gutter, 3, arch-shaped clapboard, the 4, first ventilating drainage hole, the 5, second ventilating drainage Hole, 6, heating wire, 7, cuttage basic unit, 8, sunshading board, 9, humiture moisture transducer, 10, atomizing water spraying device.
Embodiment
In order that the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention are clearer, below in conjunction with present invention implementation Technical scheme in example carries out clear, complete description, it is clear that described embodiment is the section Example of the present invention, and It is not all of embodiment.Based on embodiments of the invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not before creative work is paid The every other embodiment obtained is put, protection scope of the present invention is belonged to.
As shown in figure 1, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device, several are specifically included simultaneously The culture tank 1 set is arranged, the culture tank 1 is in inverted trapezoidal structure, in the present embodiment, structure all phases of all culture tank 1 It is same or similar.Wherein, the length of the upper groove surface of culture tank 1 is 100cm, and the length of bottom land is 80cm, the width 60cm of upper groove surface, The width 40cm of bottom land, certainly, the connection that culture tank 1 in the longitudinal direction can be unlimited in theory, but according to the situation in place Appropriate adjustment can be carried out.Gutter 2 is offered in the bottom of culture tank 1, as the preferred of the present embodiment, gutter 2 is opened The centre position of the bottom of culture tank 1 is located at, and the distance of bottom to the bottom of culture tank 1 of gutter 2 is 50cm.In gutter 2 Top arch-shaped clapboard 3 is installed, wherein the height of the bottom of apogee distance gutter 2 of arch-shaped clapboard 3 is 30cm.The arch It is provided with some the first ventilating drainage holes 4 uniformly arranged on shape dividing plate 3 side by side along along the direction of the length of gutter 2, wherein, it is adjacent 8~10cm of spacing between two the first ventilating drainage holes 4, the line-spacing of adjacent rows is 4~5cm, first ventilating drainage 0.6~the 0.8cm of aperture in hole 4.Offer some second ventilating drainage holes 5 side by side on the side wall of culture tank 1, wherein, second 8~10cm of spacing between ventilating drainage hole 5, the line-spacing of adjacent rows is 4~5cm, the aperture 0.6 in the second ventilating drainage hole 5 ~0.8cm, can both stop cutting medium (generally, skewer by the first ventilating drainage hole 4 and the second ventilating drainage hole 5 Slotting basic unit is storied placement, rather than in shot shape), ventilating drainage can be played a part of again.In the bottom of culture tank 1 And/or heating wire 6 is embedded with the wall of side, embedded heating wire 2 is 2, and the power of every heating wire 6 is 200w.In culture tank 1 Inside be equipped with cuttage basic unit 7, wherein, the material of cuttage basic unit 7 it is main by river sand, quartz sand, perlite, vermiculite, charring rice husk, Sawdust, peat soil composition, boiler ash sediment, cocoanut fiber, turfy soil etc. also can be employed as cutting medium in addition.In the present embodiment, Our company selects peat soil:Perlite:The proportioning of husky (river sand, quartz sand) is 1:1:1, so, in production obtain ideal Result, the cutting plantation and survival rate of seedling of plant with difficult rooting bring up to 50~60%, in addition, by river sand, quartz sand, treasure Zhu Yan, vermiculite, charring rice husk, sawdust, peat soil (can be considered the first cuttage basic unit) and boiler ash sediment, cocoanut fiber, turfy soil (can It is considered as the second cuttage basic unit) multi-level recognition, it can obtain more preferable effect, cutting plantation and survival rate of seedling bring up to 75~ 80%.
In the present embodiment, dismountable sunshading board 8 and atomizing water spraying device 10 are installed in the top of culture tank 1, Humiture moisture transducer 9 is embedded with cuttage basic unit 7, the humiture moisture transducer 9 is passed with outside humiture moisture Feel control device (not indicating in figure) to be electrically connected with.
As the preferred of the present embodiment, humiture moisture sensing and controlling device selection dry and wet ball moisture evaporation controller it The principle dexterously absorbed heat using moisture evaporation, sensor is made up of two parameter identical temperature sensing element, one of covering Upper absorbent gauze, the lower end of gauze is immersed in the container being filled with water, and another is exposed, and the heat that moisture evaporation is taken away makes two sensings Element produces the temperature difference, the size of the temperature difference and the linear positive correlation of the size of evaporation intensity.It can be determined exactly according to this principle Plant with difficult rooting blade face moisture evaporation intensity and evaporation capacity, so as to realize automatic intermittent spraying.The size of default evaporation capacity according to It after cuttage depending on the size of different rootage duration water requirements, therefore can realize from cuttage, take root and each stage moisture of hardening Automatic management.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention God is with principle, and any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device, it is characterised in that:The culture tank being arranged side by side including several;The training It is in inverted trapezoidal structure to support groove;The bottom of the culture tank offers and is provided with arch-shaped clapboard above gutter, the gutter; It is provided with some the first ventilating drainage holes uniformly arranged on the arch-shaped clapboard side by side along along the direction of diversion slot length;The training Some second ventilating drainage holes are offered side by side on the side wall for supporting groove;Electricity is embedded with the bottom of the culture tank and/or side wall Hot line;Cuttage basic unit is equipped with the culture tank.
2. plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Each culture tank it is upper The length of groove face is 100cm, and the length of bottom land is 80cm, the width 60cm of upper groove surface, the width 40cm of bottom land.
3. plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Phase on the arch-shaped clapboard 8~10cm of spacing between adjacent two the first ventilating drainage holes, the line-spacing of adjacent rows is 4~5cm, first ventilating drainage 0.6~the 0.8cm of aperture in hole.
4. plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the culture groove sidewall 8~10cm of spacing between second ventilating drainage hole, the line-spacing of adjacent rows is 4~5cm, the hole in the second ventilating drainage hole 0.6~0.8cm of footpath.
5. plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Each culture tank is buried Heating wire be 2, the power of every heating wire is 200w.
6. plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The material of the cuttage basic unit It is made up of river sand, quartz sand, perlite, vermiculite, charring rice husk, sawdust, peat soil.
7. plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The top peace of the culture tank Equipped with dismountable sunshading board and atomizing water spraying device, humiture moisture transducer, the temperature are embedded with the cuttage basic unit Wetness's sensor is electrically connected with outside humiture moisture sensing and controlling device.
CN201710692324.XA 2017-08-14 2017-08-14 A kind of plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device Pending CN107278694A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710692324.XA CN107278694A (en) 2017-08-14 2017-08-14 A kind of plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710692324.XA CN107278694A (en) 2017-08-14 2017-08-14 A kind of plant with difficult rooting cuttage and seedling culture device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110583262A (en) * 2019-10-21 2019-12-20 内蒙古诺亚生态农业科技发展有限公司 Cutting rooting method for shiny-leaved yellowhorn

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CN204540112U (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-08-12 山东省潍坊市农业科学院 A kind of cuttage and seedling culture seedbed for Nursery Stock
CN204888164U (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 凤阳金小岗农林科技产业发展有限公司 Blueberry cuttage seedbed
CN205161321U (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-04-20 桐城市红豆杉生态农林科技有限公司 Cuttage seedling growing greenhouse of chinese yew
CN205667175U (en) * 2016-06-06 2016-11-02 潍坊市园林管理处 A kind of oriental cherry cottage propagation nursery box

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110583262A (en) * 2019-10-21 2019-12-20 内蒙古诺亚生态农业科技发展有限公司 Cutting rooting method for shiny-leaved yellowhorn

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Application publication date: 20171024

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