CN107237142A - 一种坯布生物酶处理工艺 - Google Patents

一种坯布生物酶处理工艺 Download PDF

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CN107237142A
CN107237142A CN201710519377.1A CN201710519377A CN107237142A CN 107237142 A CN107237142 A CN 107237142A CN 201710519377 A CN201710519377 A CN 201710519377A CN 107237142 A CN107237142 A CN 107237142A
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王建
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Nantong Boao Textile Co ltd
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    • D06B3/18Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating of fabrics combined with squeezing, e.g. in padding machines
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    • D06L4/00Bleaching fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods; Bleaching leather or furs
    • D06L4/10Bleaching fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods; Bleaching leather or furs using agents which develop oxygen
    • D06L4/12Bleaching fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods; Bleaching leather or furs using agents which develop oxygen combined with specific additives
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    • D06L4/00Bleaching fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods; Bleaching leather or furs
    • D06L4/10Bleaching fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods; Bleaching leather or furs using agents which develop oxygen
    • D06L4/13Bleaching fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods; Bleaching leather or furs using agents which develop oxygen using inorganic agents
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    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/07Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with halogens; with halogen acids or salts thereof; with oxides or oxyacids of halogens or salts thereof
    • D06M11/11Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with halogens; with halogen acids or salts thereof; with oxides or oxyacids of halogens or salts thereof with halogen acids or salts thereof
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    • D06M13/10Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with non-macromolecular organic compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with compounds containing oxygen
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    • D06M13/10Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with non-macromolecular organic compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with compounds containing oxygen
    • D06M13/184Carboxylic acids; Anhydrides, halides or salts thereof
    • D06M13/188Monocarboxylic acids; Anhydrides, halides or salts thereof
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    • D06M15/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment
    • D06M15/19Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with synthetic macromolecular compounds
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    • D06M15/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment
    • D06M15/19Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with synthetic macromolecular compounds
    • D06M15/37Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
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    • D06M16/003Biochemical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. enzymatic with enzymes or microorganisms

Abstract

本发明公开了一种坯布生物酶前处理工艺,经过复合酶液的配制、浸轧、冷堆、氧漂、气蒸和水洗烘干步骤,完成坯布的生物酶前处理工艺;其优点在于:通过将坯布浸渍在生物酶复合液中,利用生物酶高度的专一性、高效性,并且处理条件温和等优点,减少能耗,达到节能减排的目的,且经过处理之后的坯布品质较高,具有重大的经济效益。

Description

一种坯布生物酶处理工艺
技术领域
[0001]本发明属于前处理技术领域,具体涉及一种还布生物酶处理工艺。
背景技术
[0002]我国是一个纺织大国,然而在纺织品加工个过程中,应用大量的烧碱、双氧水,助 剂不仅浪费大量的水资源,同时造成环境污染。近年来,我国各级政府陆续出台了越来越严 格的排放标准和指标。
[0003]然棉及棉型织物在传统前处理工艺中,一般采用热键碱浴工艺,然而热碱前处 理工艺是在高温条件下完成的,需要消耗大量的能源,在前处理工艺中需要消耗大量的水 资源,而且排放大量的废水,不仅浪费资源,而且对我国的环境造成严重的污染。
发明内容
[0004]针对现有技术的不足,现提供一种工艺简单、节能、环保的坯布生物酶前处理工 〇
[0005]为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的技术方案为:一种坯布生物酶前处理工艺,其 创新点在于:经过复合酶液的配制、浸轧、冷堆、氧漂、气蒸和水洗烘干步骤,完成坯布的生 物酶前处理工艺;所述具体步骤如下: (1) 复合酶液的配制:以重量份计,将2-5份的a-淀粉酶、3-8份的木聚糖酶、1-3份的果 胶酶、1-3份的纤维素酶、10-20份的表面活性剂、3_9份的氯化钙和卜5份的甲酸钠混合搅 拌,完成复合酶液的配制; (2) 浸乳:将待处理的坯布置于所述复合酶液中,进行浸轧处理,浴比为1:20-30,带液 率为80-100%; ⑶冷堆:将浸乳后的坯布在20-28 °C进行冷堆6-10h; (4) 氧漂:用50_70°C温水洗涤冷堆后的坯布3-5次,然后放入氧漂液中进行氧漂,所述 氧漂液以重量份计,其组分为10-20份氧漂助剂、双氧水5-10份、渗透剂JFC1-3份; (5) 气蒸:将氧漂后的坯布在气蒸机上进行气蒸,气蒸时间为15—3〇min,气蒸温度为80_ 100°C; (6) 水洗烘干:将气蒸后的坯布用50-7(TC温水洗涤3-5次后,再在60-8〇下烘千。 [0006]进一步的,所述步骤(1)中表面活性剂为聚硅氧烷、聚乙二醇和天然脂肪醇中的一 种。
[0007]进一步的,所述步骤⑴中搅拌速度为100-300rpm。
[0008]进一步的,所述步骤(2)中浸乳为一浸一轧、二浸一轧或二浸二乳中的一种。
[0009]进一步的,所述步骤(4)中氧漂助剂为五水偏硅酸钠、十二烷基硫酸钠或直链烷基 苯磺酸钠中的一种。
[0010]本发明的有益效果为:经过复合酶液的配制、浸乳、冷堆、氧漂、气蒸和水洗烘干步 骤,完成坯布的生物酶前处理工艺;通过将坯布浸溃在生物酶复合液中,利用生物酶高度的 专一‘性、高效性,并且处理条件温和等优点,减少能耗,达到节能减排的目的,且经过处理之 后的坯布品质较高,具有重大的经济效益。 ’" 具体实施例
[0011]以下由特定具体的实施例说明本发明的实施方式,熟悉此技术的人士可由本说明 书所揭露的内容轻易的了解本发明的其他优点及功效。
[0012] 实施例1 一种坯布生物酶前处理工艺,经过复合酶液的配制、浸乳、冷堆、氧漂、气蒸和水洗烘干 步骤,完成坯布的生物酶前处理工艺;所述具体步骤如下: ~ (1) 复合酶液的配制:以重量份计,将2份的a-淀粉酶、3份的木聚糖酶、i份的果胶酶、i 份的纤维素酶、10份的聚硅氧烷、3份的氯化钙和1份的甲酸钠混合搅拌,搅拌速度为 lOOrpm,完成复合酶液的配制; (2) 浸乳:将待处理的坯布置于所述复合酶液中,进行一浸一轧处理,浴比为丨:2〇,带液 率为80%。
[0013] (3)冷堆:将浸乳后的坯布在20°C进行冷堆6h; (4) 氧漂:用50°C温水洗涤冷堆后的坯布3次,然后放入氧漂液中进行氧漂,所述氧漂液 以重量份计,其组分为10份五水偏硅酸钠、双氧水5份、渗透剂JFC1份; (5) 气蒸:将氧漂后的坯布在气蒸机上进行气蒸,气蒸时间为i5min,气蒸温度为8(TC; (6) 水洗烘干:将气蒸后的坯布用50°C温水洗涤3次后,再在6(TC下烘干。
[0014] 实施例2 一种坯布生物酶前处理工艺,经过复合酶液的配制、浸轧、冷堆、氧漂、气蒸和水洗烘干 步骤,完成坯布的生物酶前处理工艺;所述具体步骤如下: (1) 复合酶液的配制:以重量份计,将5份的a-淀粉酶、5份的木聚糖酶、3份的果胶酶、3 份的纤维素酶、2〇份的聚乙二醇、9份的氯化钙和3份的甲酸钠混合搅拌,搅拌速度为 200rpm,完成复合酶液的配制; (2) 浸轧:将待处理的坯布置于所述复合酶液中,进行二浸一轧处理,浴比为1:30,带液 率为100%。
[0015] (3)冷堆:将浸轧后的坯布在28°C进行冷堆l〇h; (4) 氧漂:用7〇°C温水洗涤冷堆后的坯布5次,然后放入氧漂液中进行氧漂,所述氧漂液 以重量份计,其组分为20份十二烷基硫酸钠、双氧水1 〇份、渗透剂JFC3份; (5) 气蒸:将氧漂后的坯布在气蒸机上进行气蒸,气蒸时间为30min,气蒸温度为100 °C; (6) 水洗烘干:将气蒸后的坯布用70°C温水洗涤5次后,再在80 °C下烘干。
[0016] 实施例3 一种还布生物酶前处理工艺,经过复合酶液的配制、浸乳、冷堆、氧漂、气蒸和水洗烘干 步骤,完成坯布的生物酶前处理工艺;所述具体步骤如下: (1) 复合酶液的配制:以重量份计,将4份的a-淀粉酶、4份的木聚糖酶、2份的果胶酶、2 份的纤维素酶、15份的天然脂肪醇、6份的氯化钙和2份的甲酸钠混合搅拌,搅拌速度为 300rpm,完成复合酶液的配制; (2) 浸乳:将待处理的坯布置于所述复合酶液中,进行二浸二轧处理,浴比为1:25,带液 率为90%。
[0017] (3)冷堆:将浸乳后的坯布在25°C进行冷堆8h; (4) 氧漂:用6〇°C温水洗涤冷堆后的坯布4次,然后放入氧漂液中进行氧漂,所述氧漂液 以重量份计,其组分为15份直链烷基苯磺酸钠、双氧水8份、渗透剂JFC2份; (5) 气蒸:将氧漂后的坯布在气蒸机上进行气蒸,气蒸时间为20min,气蒸温度为90 °C; (6) 水洗烘干:将气蒸后的坯布用60 °C温水洗涤4次后,再在70°C下烘干。
[0018]本发明经过复合酶液的配制、浸轧、冷堆、氧漂、气蒸和水洗烘干步骤,完成坯布的 生物酶前处理工艺;通过将坯布浸渍在生物酶复合液中,利用生物酶高度的专一性、高效 性,并且处理条件温和等优点,减少能耗,达到节能减排的目的,且经过处理之后的坯布品 质较高,具有重大的经济效益。
[0019]上述实施例只是本发明的较佳实施例,并不是对本发明技术方案的限制,只要是 不经过创造性的5?动即可在上述实施例基础上实现的技术方案,均应视为落入本发明专刺 的权利保护范围内。 W*

Claims (5)

1 _ 一种坯布生物酶前处理工艺,其特征在于:经过复合酶液的配制、浸轧、冷堆、氧漂、 气蒸和水洗烘干步骤,完成坯布的生物酶前处理工艺;所述具体步骤如下: 复合酶液的配制:以重量份计,将2-5份的a-淀粉酶、3-8份的木聚糖酶、1-3份的果胶 酶、1-3份的纤维素酶、1〇_2〇份的表面活性剂、3-g份的氯化钙和卜5份的甲酸钠混合搅拌, 完成复合酶液的配制; 浸轧:将待处理的坯布置于所述复合酶液中,进行浸轧处理,浴比为1: 20-30,带液率为 80-100%; 冷堆:将浸乳后的坯布在20-28°C进行冷堆6-10h; 氧漂:用50-7(TC温水洗涤冷堆后的坯布3-5次,然后放入氧漂液中进行氧漂,所述氧漂 液以重量份计,其组份为10-20份氧漂助剂、双氧水5-10份、渗透剂JFC1 -3份; 气蒸:将氧漂后的坯布在气蒸机上进行气蒸,气蒸时间为15-30min,气蒸温度为80-100 °C; 水洗烘干:将气蒸后的坯布用50-70 °C温水洗涤3-5次后,再在60-80°C下烘干。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种坯布生物酶前处理工艺,其特征在于:所述步骤(1)中表 面活性剂为聚硅氧烷、聚乙二醇和天然脂肪醇中的一种。
3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种坯布生物酶前处理工艺,其特征在于:所述步骤(1)中搅 拌速度为100-300rpm。
4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种坯布生物酶前处理工艺,其特征在于:所述步骤(2)中浸 乳为一浸一乳、二浸一乳或二浸二乳中的一种。
5. 根据权利要求1所述的一种坯布生物酶前处理工艺,其特征在于:所述步骤(4)中氧 漂助剂为五水偏硅酸钠、十二烷基硫酸钠或直链烷基苯磺酸钠中的一种。
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