CN107183647A - A kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107183647A
CN107183647A CN201710532928.8A CN201710532928A CN107183647A CN 107183647 A CN107183647 A CN 107183647A CN 201710532928 A CN201710532928 A CN 201710532928A CN 107183647 A CN107183647 A CN 107183647A
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China
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cyperue esculentus
crude fibre
powder
esculentus
cyperue
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吴正奇
梁姝敏
姚其凤
余攀
陈小强
李倩
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Hubei University of Technology
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Hubei University of Technology
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L25/00Food consisting mainly of nutmeat or seeds; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L25/30Mashed or comminuted products, e.g. pulp, pastes, meal, powders; Products made therefrom, e.g. blocks, flakes, snacks; Liquid or semi-liquid products
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23PSHAPING OR WORKING OF FOODSTUFFS, NOT FULLY COVERED BY A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS
    • A23P10/00Shaping or working of foodstuffs characterised by the products
    • A23P10/40Shaping or working of foodstuffs characterised by the products free-flowing powder or instant powder, i.e. powder which is reconstituted rapidly when liquid is added

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus.Using the water-soluble feature of cyperue esculentus water soluble ingredient, protein, water-soluble, starch can be dissolved in that water, grease can be emulsified and crude fibre can be by the property of particle granular by gelatinization on isoelectric point, cyperue esculentus powder obtained by the size-reduced sieving of cyperue esculentus adds the water containing softening agent to soak after defibrination, Heat Gelatinization gelatinization, add emulsifier grease, cyperue esculentus crude fibre particle granular is made by colloid mill, homogenize process is carried out to material system with homogenizer, cyperue esculentus homogenizing fluid obtains the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus by spray drying.The full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus of the present invention preparation method cost is low, raw material full utilization, rich in crude fibre and active component and nutriment, instant, brew that dispersive property is good, delicate mouthfeel is smooth, local flavor is good, can mechanization.

Description

A kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus
Technical field
The present invention relates to cyperue esculentus processing technique field, the preparation method of cyperue esculentus fine powder is more particularly to.
Background technology
Cyperue esculentus (Cyperus esculentus L.Var.Sativus Baeck), also known as brave nut, ginseng beans, tiger Beans, Chufa, underground Chinese chestnut and underground walnut etc., belong to the annual of Cyperaceae (Cyperaceae) Cyperus (Cyperus) One of herbaceous plant is the torrid zone to Temperate Region in China nutrition most abundant nut, and original producton location is Africa and Mediterranean country, kind Plant with a long history.Cyperue esculentus adaptability is extremely strong, China nineteen sixty by Bulgaria introduce cyperue esculentus cultivation, and Xinjiang in Introducing in 1964 is cultivated successfully, at present China Heilungkiang, Beijing, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Shandong, There are cyperue esculentus plantation in the provinces and cities such as Sichuan.
Cyperue esculentus is that a kind of high-quality, high yield, comprehensive utilization value very high oil, grain use new crop, also known as Shan nutgrass flatsedge, It is also beautification, the ornamental plant of greening environment.Cyperue esculentus strong adaptability, yield is high, sandy beach, hills, the hilllock of China north and south various regions Ground, woodland etc. can be planted, and drought resisting is waterlogging, easily plant easily pipe, can single, can also with other crops interplanting (such as tea woods, orchard, Melon etc.).Cyperue esculentus leaf aciculiform is thin and grows, 1 meter or so of plant height, and growth is vigorous, and tillering ability is strong, underground caking stem.Cyperus Main harvest underground core shape rhizome fruit, dry fruit grain weighs 1.6~3.6 grams, according to performance scientific researches such as dry granular weight, plant type and stem tuber distributions Cyperue esculentus is divided into two big types, 4 small types, i.e., big grain type kind (including common big grain type, especially big grain type) and granule type Kind (including granule type, middle grain type).Cyperue esculentus contains substantial amounts of sugar, and it is sowed, managed, harvesting, preserving similar to peanut, Light, aerobic, resistance to morning, salt resistance alkali, are preferably planted on yellow sand soil, yield is higher, well developed root system, and growth is fast, and point evil is more, often Cave result 200~300.Spring sow, every mu with plant 8~10kg, 4~June of date of seeding, 30 centimetres of spacing in the rows, 50 centimetres of line-spacing, entirely 110 days or so breeding time.Pest and disease damage is seldom, without laxative.Plant cyperue esculentus typically can 1000~2000 kilograms of the fresh beans of per mu yield, do 600~1200 kilograms of beans.
After cyperue esculentus harvesting, (soil for excavating cyperue esculentus and producing, stone, glass, iron nail, old kind are removed by removal of impurities Damaged fruit of ghost, the disease pest plague of rats etc.), cleaning (rinsing out the soil of cyperue esculentus surface attachment, fibrous root), be classified (with mesh not Cyperue esculentus is divided into different brackets by same sieve by its granular size, in order to Product processing and sale, increases commodity value.Carefully After small irregular rejecting, available for extracting oil), (cyperue esculentus epidermis is filbert, there is section and scale, mouthfeel after being eaten when eating raw for decortication Discomfort is exactly the reason of epidermis.Should be tried one's best before process flavours pot foods remove it is edible after produce the epidermis of sense of discomfort and reduce and again The processing such as cleaning (cyperue esculentus after decortication rinses epidermis debris with clear water, can enter the process segment after clean).
Cyperue esculentus contains 15~30% grease.Cyperus esculentus oil oil colours is limpid micro- red, no precipitation, giving off a strong fragrance free from extraneous odour, 0 DEG C with Under do not freeze, the flavouring oil of kickshaw can be made, meet national edible oil standard, be more promising new in current plant One of oil crops.Cyperue esculentus can also be processed into the sale of the food such as a variety of instant food for example expanded delicious cyperue esculentus in addition to oil expression, Can eat raw, stir-fry and eat, it is fried, taste is fragrant and sweet.The grouts pressed the oil can be processed into cake, and sauce oil and vinegar processed also can extract high-quality and form sediment Powder, sugar, cellulose and wine brewing.The grouts pressed the oil are handled through deep processing, and double centner grouts can extract 30 kilograms of high-quality starch, Stir off 30~34 kilograms, can also brewage 40~50 degree of 14~16 kilograms of white wine, well remaining granulated slag or concentrated feed.Oily Sha The elongated flexible of leaf of beans, is the desirable feedstock of knitting work skill product, can also be used for the animal-breedings such as cattle and sheep as forage grass.
According to《Xinhua's book on Chinese herbal medicine outline》Record, cyperue esculentus stem tuber is pungent, sweet, temperature, there is soothing the liver promoting the circulation of qi, invigorating the spleen and stomach invigorating effect, Cure mainly hypochondriac pain caused by stagnation of QI due to depression of the liver, it is uncomfortable in chest;De- distention and fullness in the abdomen, have a stomachache indigestion and loss of appetite, spleen eating less, dyspepsia caused by the taste stagnation of the circulation of vital energy stop The diseases such as stagnant, indigestion.Research shows, the cyperue esculentus oil content of China's cultivation 15~30%, general oil content be 20~ 30%.Cyperus esculentus oil contains saturated fatty acid 20%, and oleic acid 64%, linoleic acid 11%, linolenic acid 2%, unsaturated oleic acid account for Absolute majority, can compare favourably with olive oil, apricot kernel oil, but also contain substantial amounts of natural VE;Cyperue esculentus content of starch It is very high, 12~42%, general 15~30%, the cyperue esculentus content of starch that Desert station is planted in Turfan is 15.06%, starch Middle amylose accounts for 24.48%, and amylopectin accounts for 66.42%;Containing 20~35% soluble sugar in cyperue esculentus, predominantly Sucrose, glucose and fructose, so it is sweet and delicious to eat something rare cyperue esculentus;Cyperue esculentus protein content 5~12%, content and rice phase When, can digestibility it is very high, and containing 20 kinds of amino acid, nutrition is very abundant;Cyperue esculentus contains 20~42% dietary fiber, can conduct The potential composition of diet of health;Cyperue esculentus is 4~8% containing mineral matter, is the good source of needed by human body trace element.
At present, about cyperue esculentus processing and utilization research also in the starting stage, be concentrated mainly on constituent analysis and extraction Cyperus esculentus oil, its industrialization is processed still in conception and demonstration.In terms of basic research, cyperue esculentus is reviewed in (2015) such as floods Chemical composition and application study progress;Yan Jun (2016) analyzes and compared the main component of the cyperue esculentus of different sources;Tian Yu (2016) it have studied the quality of cyperue esculentus oil extracting process and cyperus esculentus oil;Hu Weidong (2013) extracts cyperue esculentus to ultrasonic assistant The technique of oil has carried out Primary Study;Wu Zhengqi and Yu Pan (2017) and severe cold (2009) research aqueous enzymatic extraction cyperus esculentus oil Technical process and technological parameter.In terms of patented technology, the A of patent No. CN 101731621 are related to a kind of cyperue esculentus health care food Product and preparation method;The A of patent No. CN 101731710 are related to a kind of chufa beverage and preparation method thereof;Patent No. CN 101731710 A are related to a kind of chufa beverage and preparation method thereof;The A of patent No. CN 101731710 are related to a kind of cyperue esculentus Beverage and preparation method thereof;The A of patent No. CN 1313056 are related to a kind of vegetable protein beverage and preparation method thereof;Patent No. CN 102018043 A are related to the preparation method of cyperue esculentus drink;The A of patent No. CN 104186915 are related to a kind of cyperue esculentus cake protein Preparation and its application in beef sausage;The A of patent No. CN 102038180 are related to cyperue esculentus paste.
For cyperue esculentus composition characteristic, with reference to modern food consumption habit and feature, how to develop added value height, technology and contain Amount is high, raw material utilizes the high and low in the pollution of the environment oily Sha of abundant, instant, nutrition and health care prominent function, wholesomeness Beans food, the application study that reinforcing modern high technology is processed in cyperue esculentus series food, realizes cyperue esculentus food processing as early as possible Industrialization, promote the benign cycle and sustainable development of cyperue esculentus plantation-processing, be still the effort side of whole cyperue esculentus industry To.
The content of the invention
Insufficient and the deficiencies in the prior art are utilized for cyperue esculentus, the purpose of the present invention is to be the provision of one Kind of cost is low, raw material full utilization, rich in crude fibre and active component and nutriment, instant, brew dispersive property it is good, Delicate mouthfeel is smooth, local flavor is good, the mechanizable full powder, preparation method thereof of instant type cyperue esculentus.
In order to realize above-mentioned purpose, present invention employs following technical measures:
The technical concept of the present invention is as follows:Using the water-soluble feature of cyperue esculentus water soluble ingredient, protein isoelectric point it Upper water-soluble, starch can be dissolved in that water, grease can be emulsified and crude fibre can be by the property of particle granular, oily Sha by gelatinization Cyperue esculentus powder obtained by the size-reduced sieving of beans adds the water containing softening agent to soak after defibrination, Heat Gelatinization gelatinization, adds emulsifying agent Emulsified fat, makes cyperue esculentus crude fibre particle granular by colloid mill, homogenize process is carried out to material system with homogenizer, Cyperue esculentus homogenizing fluid obtains the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus by spray drying.
A kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus, its step is as follows:
(1) pulverize and sieve:The cyperue esculentus after decortication is taken, is crushed and is sieved through through standard with stainless steel pulverizer (any model) Cyperue esculentus powder is obtained after sieve standby.
Described cyperue esculentus refers to the dry tuber of plant cyperue esculentus, and its kind includes two big types, 4 small types, i.e., Big grain type kind (including common big grain type and especially big grain type) and granule type kind (including granule type and middle grain type);Described oil Sha's bean powder, its granule size is to be sieved through 20~600 mesh standard sieves.
It is preferred that, described cyperue esculentus refers to the dry tuber of plant cyperue esculentus, and its kind is granule type kind and latent In any cyperue esculentus kind;Described cyperue esculentus powder, its granule size is to be sieved through 40~200 mesh standard sieves.
Big grain type varietal characteristic:Stem tuber greatly and less, distribution compare concentration.
Big grain type kind includes common big grain type and especially big grain type.Common big grain type:Stem tuber is larger, less, mass of 1000 kernel: 500~800 grams;Especially big grain type:Stem tuber is bigger, less, mass of 1000 kernel:≤ 800 grams.
Big grain type varietal characteristic:Stem tuber is small and many, distribution is more concentrated.
Granule type kind includes granule type and middle grain type.Granule type:Stem tuber is smaller, more, mass of 1000 kernel:≤ 400 grams;Middle grain Type:Stem tuber is more, smaller, mass of 1000 kernel:400~500 grams.
(2) defibrination is soaked:The water of 3~100 times of its quality, regulation mixed material temperature to 0~60 are added into cyperue esculentus powder DEG C, in the case of stirring, the softening agent of mixed material mass fraction 0.05~1% is added, continues to stir 0.5~5 hour, makes The abundant water swelling of cyperue esculentus powder;With paste mill grinding, cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is obtained.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 10 ~250rpm.
Described softening agent is pure or food grade the tertiary sodium phosphate of analysis, sodium pyrophosphate, sodium tripolyphosphate, hexa metaphosphoric acid Sodium, trisodium citrate, citric acid tri potassium, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate, sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate or any two kinds of mixture.
It is preferred that, described softening agent is sodium pyrophosphate, sodium tripolyphosphate, calgon, the citric acid three of food grade Sodium, citric acid tri potassium, sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate or any two kinds of mixture.
(3) heat and particle granular:In the case where being stirred continuously, by step, (2) gained cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is heated to It is more than the gelatinization point of cyperue esculentus starch and maintain 0.1~4 hour, cyperue esculentus starch is fully gelatinized and make cyperue esculentus crude fibre Abundant aquation, obtains the cyperue esculentus slurries after starch gelatinization;The cyperue esculentus grind slurries quality fraction 0.05~2% added after starch gelatinization Monomer emulsifying agent or compound emulsifying agent, continue stir emulsifying agent is fully dissolved and is disperseed within 0.1~2 hour, by mixture Material uses milling treatment of colloid 2~3 times, makes cyperue esculentus crude fibre particle granular, obtains the tiger nut drink after crude fibre particle granular Slurrying liquid.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 10~300rpm.
The gelatinization point of described cyperue esculentus starch is 65~99 DEG C;Described monomer emulsifying agent is the difference of food grade The monoglyceride of HLB value, three polyglycerol esters of different HLB values, lecithin, the sucrose fatty ester of different HLB values, soybean lecithin, Tween, stearoyl lactate and the CSL of the sapn (Si Pan) of different HLB values, different HLB values;Described is compound Emulsifying agent is the mixture that the HLB value that two kinds of food grade monomer emulsifying agents are mixed to get in HLB value calculating ratio is 8~14.
It is preferred that, the gelatinization point of described cyperue esculentus starch is 70~95 DEG C;Described monomer emulsifying agent is food grade The monoglycerides of different HLB values, three polyglycerol esters of different HLB value, lecithin, the sucrose fatty ester of different HLB values, soybean The sapn (Si Pan) and the tween of different HLB values of phosphatide, different HLB values;Described compound emulsifying agent is two kinds of food grade lists The mixture that the HLB value that body emulsifying agent is mixed to get in HLB value calculating ratio is 8~12.
(4) homogeneous:With homogenizer by the tiger nut drink slurrying liquid after step (3) the crude fibre particle granular of gained, in spy Determine homogeneous 1~2 time under homogenization pressure, make the further granular of crude fibre particle and the homogenization in tiger nut drink slurrying liquid, obtain Cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles is the homogeneous slurry of Nano grade.
Described homogenizer is food industry or the conventional high pressure homogenizer of pharmaceuticals industry and extra-high-pressure nano homogenizer; Described specific homogenization pressure is Jun matter Ya Li≤20MPa;Described Sha's beans crude fibre average diameter of particles is Nano grade, is Refer to average diameter ﹤ 10-6m(μm)。
It is preferred that, described homogenizer is food industry or the conventional high pressure homogenizer of pharmaceuticals industry and super-pressure nanometer Homogenizer;Described specific homogenization pressure is Jun matter Ya Li≤30MPa;Described Sha's beans crude fibre average diameter of particles is nanometer Rank, refers to equal Zhi Jing≤0.5 × 10 of Ping-6m(μm)。
(5) it is spray-dried:By step, (4) gained cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles is used for the homogeneous slurry of Nano grade Spray drying process drying to moisture Zhi≤5%, be cooled to less than 40 DEG C, sealing produce the full powder of food type cyperue esculentus.
Described spray drying process, its spray pattern be centrifugal spray and press atomization, hot wind inlet temperature be 145~ 200 DEG C, hot blast flow velocity is 1~20m/s, and hot-blast outlet temperature is 60~100 DEG C.
It is preferred that, described spray drying process, its spray pattern is press atomization, and hot wind inlet temperature is 170~190 DEG C, hot blast flow velocity is 3~10m/s, and hot-blast outlet temperature is 70~85 DEG C.
By abovementioned technology, starch gelatinization in cyperue esculentus, protein dissolution, grease emulsifying and thick fibre are mainly solved The technical problems such as the particle granular of dimension, have reached that cyperue esculentus raw material 100% is utilized, nutriment and functional component have retained Entirely, the technique effect such as fine and smooth smooth and instant of products taste.The present invention relative to existing cyperue esculentus product processing technique, The features such as being protruded with process simplicity, high raw material availability and the safe and healthy row height of product and Nutrition and health function. After measured, the total Soluble Sugar of the full powder of gained instant type food type cyperue esculentus is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%;Starch is (with grape Sugar meter) Han Liang≤22%, gelatinization degree is 100%;Crude fibre is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤23%;Gross protein is (with N × 6.25 Count) Han Liang≤7%;Zong Zhi fat Han Liang≤20%;Ash content Han Liang≤4% and Shui points of Han Liang≤5%;Physical and chemical index and microorganism refer to Mark meets relevant national standard《GB 7101-2015》Requirement.
Compared with prior art, the advantage and beneficial effect of the inventive method are:
Technical process is easy, cost is low, raw material availability is high, rich in crude fibre and active component and nutriment, edible It is convenient, brew that dispersive property is good, delicate mouthfeel is smooth, local flavor is good, can be adapted to mechanization production in large-scale with small-sized life Production scale.
The full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus prepared by the present invention, is uniform powdered preparations, white to light yellow, completely profit With with remain nutritional ingredient intrinsic in cyperue esculentus and functional mass, rich in crude fibre, protein, glucide, fat, ammonia Base acid, pectin, polyphenol, Flavonoid substances, mineral matter, vitamins and other nutritious components and functional mass, brew it is instant, can normal temperature protect Deposit, healthcare function is protruded, nutritious.
After measured, the total Soluble Sugar of the full powder of gained instant type food type cyperue esculentus is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%;Form sediment (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%, gelatinization degree is 100% to powder;Crude fibre is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤23%;Gross protein (Han Liang≤7% of the) in terms of N × 6.25;Zong Zhi fat Han Liang≤20%;Ash content Han Liang≤4% and Shui points of Han Liang≤5%;Physical and chemical index Meet relevant national standard with microbiological indicator《GB 7101-2015》Requirement.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of process chart of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus.
Embodiment
Applicant will be described in further detail to the inventive method in conjunction with specific embodiments below.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus, its step is:
(1) pulverize and sieve:The cyperue esculentus after decortication is taken, after being crushed and being sieved through 80 mesh standard sieves with stainless steel pulverizer Cyperue esculentus powder is standby;
(2) defibrination is soaked:Cyperue esculentus powder 500g is taken, the water of 6 times of its quality is added, in the case of stirring, by mixed material 45 DEG C are heated to, the sodium tripolyphosphate 5.3g of mixed material mass fraction 0.15% is added, continues to stir 2 hours, makes cyperue esculentus The abundant water swelling of powder;With paste mill grinding, cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is obtained.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 125rpm.
(3) heat and particle granular:In the case where being stirred continuously, by step, (2) gained cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is heated to 90 DEG C and maintain 1.5 hours, cyperue esculentus starch is fully gelatinized and make the abundant aquation of cyperue esculentus crude fibre, obtain after starch gelatinization Cyperue esculentus slurries;Add starch gelatinization after cyperue esculentus grind slurries quality fraction 0.05% by HLB be 3.4 monoglyceride and HLB The compound emulsifying agent 1.8g for being 9 for the HLB of 12 sucrose ester composition, continuing to stir makes emulsifying agent fully dissolve and divide in 0.5 hour Dissipate, by mixed material milling treatment of colloid 2 times, make cyperue esculentus crude fibre particle granular, obtain after crude fibre particle granular Tiger nut drink slurrying liquid.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 125rpm.
(4) homogeneous:With homogenizer by the tiger nut drink slurrying liquid after step (3) the crude fibre particle granular of gained, equal Matter pressure is homogeneous 2 times under 40MPa, makes the further granular of crude fibre particle and the homogenization in tiger nut drink slurrying liquid, obtains Cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles is the homogeneous slurry of Nano grade.
(5) it is spray-dried:By step (4) gained cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles be Nano grade homogeneous slurry, In hot wind inlet temperature it is 175 DEG C, the bar that hot blast flow velocity is 7m/s and hot-blast outlet temperature is 75 DEG C with pressure spray dryer method Dried under part to Shui point Han Liang≤5%, be cooled to less than 40 DEG C, seal and produce the full powder 498g of instant type food type cyperue esculentus.
After measured, the total Soluble Sugar of the full powder of gained instant type food type cyperue esculentus is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%;Form sediment (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%, gelatinization degree is 100% to powder;Crude fibre is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤23%;Gross protein (Han Liang≤7% of the) in terms of N × 6.25;Zong Zhi fat Han Liang≤20%;Ash content Han Liang≤4% and Shui points of Han Liang≤5%;Physical and chemical index Meet relevant national standard with microbiological indicator《GB 7101-2015》Requirement.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus, its step is:
(1) pulverize and sieve:The cyperue esculentus after decortication is taken, after being crushed and being sieved through 60 mesh standard sieves with stainless steel pulverizer Cyperue esculentus powder is standby;
(2) defibrination is soaked:Cyperue esculentus powder 952kg is taken, the water of 6.5 times of its quality is added, in the case of stirring, added mixed The calgon 7.14kg of compound material mass fraction 0.10%, continues to stir 3 hours, cyperue esculentus powder is fully absorbed water swollen It is swollen;With paste mill grinding, cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is obtained.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 135rpm.
(3) heat and particle granular:In the case where being stirred continuously, by step, (2) gained cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is heated to 95 DEG C and maintain 1 hour, cyperue esculentus starch is fully gelatinized and make the abundant aquation of cyperue esculentus crude fibre, obtain the oil after starch gelatinization Sha's soybean milk liquid;The HLB of the cyperue esculentus grind slurries quality fraction 0.06% added after starch gelatinization is 8.0 soybean lecithin 4.28g, after Continuous stirring makes emulsifying agent fully dissolve and disperse in 0.3 hour, by mixed material milling treatment of colloid 3 times, makes cyperue esculentus crude fibre Particle granular, obtains the tiger nut drink slurrying liquid after crude fibre particle granular.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 135rpm.
(4) homogeneous:With homogenizer by the tiger nut drink slurrying liquid after step (3) the crude fibre particle granular of gained, equal Matter pressure is homogeneous 1 time under 60MPa, makes the further granular of crude fibre particle and the homogenization in tiger nut drink slurrying liquid, obtains Cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles is the homogeneous slurry of Nano grade.
(5) it is spray-dried:By step (4) gained cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles be Nano grade homogeneous slurry, In hot wind inlet temperature it is 180 DEG C, the bar that hot blast flow velocity is 5m/s and hot-blast outlet temperature is 75 DEG C with pressure spray dryer method Dried under part to Shui point Han Liang≤5%, be cooled to less than 40 DEG C, seal and produce the full powder 950.9g of instant type food type cyperue esculentus.
After measured, the total Soluble Sugar of the full powder of gained instant type food type cyperue esculentus is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%;Form sediment (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%, gelatinization degree is 100% to powder;Crude fibre is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤23%;Gross protein (Han Liang≤7% of the) in terms of N × 6.25;Zong Zhi fat Han Liang≤20%;Ash content Han Liang≤4% and Shui points of Han Liang≤5%;Physical and chemical index Meet relevant national standard with microbiological indicator《GB 7101-2015》Requirement.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus, its step is:
(1) pulverize and sieve:The cyperue esculentus after decortication is taken, after being crushed and being sieved through 100 mesh standard sieves with stainless steel pulverizer Cyperue esculentus powder is standby;
(2) defibrination is soaked:Cyperue esculentus powder 7.5kg is taken, the water of 5.5 times of its quality is added, in the case of stirring, added mixed The sodium pyrophosphate 73g of compound material mass fraction 0.15%, continues to stir 1.5 hours, makes the abundant water swelling of cyperue esculentus powder;With Paste mill grinding, obtains cyperue esculentus grinding slurry.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 145rpm.
(3) heat and particle granular:In the case where being stirred continuously, by step, (2) gained cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is heated to 80 DEG C and maintain 2 hours, cyperue esculentus starch is fully gelatinized and make the abundant aquation of cyperue esculentus crude fibre, obtain the oil after starch gelatinization Sha's soybean milk liquid;The HLB of the cyperue esculentus grind slurries quality fraction 0.1% added after starch gelatinization is 11 sucrose ester 48.8g, continues to stir Mixing 1 hour makes emulsifying agent fully dissolve and disperse, and by mixed material milling treatment of colloid 2 times, makes cyperue esculentus crude fibre particle thin Macro, obtains the tiger nut drink slurrying liquid after crude fibre particle granular.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 145rpm.
(4) homogeneous:With homogenizer by the tiger nut drink slurrying liquid after step (3) the crude fibre particle granular of gained, equal Matter pressure is homogeneous 2 times under 40MPa, makes the further granular of crude fibre particle and the homogenization in tiger nut drink slurrying liquid, obtains Cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles is the homogeneous slurry of Nano grade.
(5) it is spray-dried:By step (4) gained cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles be Nano grade homogeneous slurry, In hot wind inlet temperature it is 185 DEG C, the bar that hot blast flow velocity is 5m/s and hot-blast outlet temperature is 75 DEG C with pressure spray dryer method Dried under part to Shui points of Han Liang≤5%, cooling, sealing produce the full powder 7.49kg of instant type food type cyperue esculentus.
After measured, the total Soluble Sugar of the full powder of gained instant type food type cyperue esculentus is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%;Form sediment (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%, gelatinization degree is 100% to powder;Crude fibre is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤23%;Gross protein (Han Liang≤7% of the) in terms of N × 6.25;Zong Zhi fat Han Liang≤20%;Ash content Han Liang≤4% and Shui points of Han Liang≤5%;Physical and chemical index Meet relevant national standard with microbiological indicator《GB 7101-2015》Requirement.
Embodiment 4:
A kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus, its step is:
(1) pulverize and sieve:The cyperue esculentus after decortication is taken, after being crushed and being sieved through 80 mesh standard sieves with stainless steel pulverizer Cyperue esculentus powder is standby;
(2) defibrination is soaked:Cyperue esculentus powder 123.5g is taken, the water of 6 times of its quality is added, in the case of stirring, mixing is added The trisodium citrate 865g of quality of material fraction 0.1%, continues to stir 2.5 hours, makes the abundant water swelling of cyperue esculentus powder;With Paste mill grinding, obtains cyperue esculentus grinding slurry.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 145rpm.
(3) heat and particle granular:In the case where being stirred continuously, by step, (2) gained cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is heated to 90 DEG C and maintain 1.5 hours, cyperue esculentus starch is fully gelatinized and make the abundant aquation of cyperue esculentus crude fibre, obtain after starch gelatinization Cyperue esculentus slurries;Add starch gelatinization after cyperue esculentus grind slurries quality fraction 0.08% by HLB be 3.8 monoglyceride and HLB The compound emulsifying agent 692g for being 10.5 for the HLB of 15 sucrose ester composition, continuing to stir makes emulsifying agent fully dissolve and divide in 1 hour Dissipate, by mixed material milling treatment of colloid 2 times, make cyperue esculentus crude fibre particle granular, obtain after crude fibre particle granular Tiger nut drink slurrying liquid.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 145rpm.
(4) homogeneous:With homogenizer by the tiger nut drink slurrying liquid after step (3) the crude fibre particle granular of gained, equal Matter pressure is homogeneous 2 times under 40MPa, makes the further granular of crude fibre particle and the homogenization in tiger nut drink slurrying liquid, obtains Cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles is the homogeneous slurry of Nano grade.
(5) it is spray-dried:By step (4) gained cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles be Nano grade homogeneous slurry, In hot wind inlet temperature it is 190 DEG C, the bar that hot blast flow velocity is 4m/s and hot-blast outlet temperature is 80 DEG C with pressure spray dryer method Dried under part to Shui point Han Liang≤5%, be cooled to less than 40 DEG C, seal and produce the full powder 123.1kg of instant type food type cyperue esculentus.
After measured, the total Soluble Sugar of the full powder of gained instant type food type cyperue esculentus is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%;Form sediment (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%, gelatinization degree is 100% to powder;Crude fibre is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤23%;Gross protein (Han Liang≤7% of the) in terms of N × 6.25;Zong Zhi fat Han Liang≤20%;Ash content Han Liang≤4% and Shui points of Han Liang≤5%;Physical and chemical index Meet relevant national standard with microbiological indicator《GB 7101-2015》Requirement.
Embodiment 5:
A kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus, its step is:
(1) pulverize and sieve:The cyperue esculentus after decortication is taken, after being crushed and being sieved through 100 mesh standard sieves with stainless steel pulverizer Cyperue esculentus powder is standby;
(2) defibrination is soaked:Cyperue esculentus powder 49.5g is taken, the water of 6.5 times of its quality is added, in the case of stirring, added mixed The sodium carbonate sodium tripolyphosphate 186g of compound material mass fraction 0.05%, continues to stir 1.5 hours, cyperue esculentus powder is fully inhaled Water expands;With paste mill grinding, cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is obtained.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 145rpm.
(3) heat and particle granular:In the case where being stirred continuously, by step, (2) gained cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is heated to 85 DEG C and maintain 2 hours, cyperue esculentus starch is fully gelatinized and make the abundant aquation of cyperue esculentus crude fibre, obtain the oil after starch gelatinization Sha's soybean milk liquid;Add starch gelatinization after cyperue esculentus grind slurries quality fraction 0.08% by HLB for 4.7 sapn (Si Pan) and The compound emulsifying agent 297g that the HLB of tween that HLB is 16 composition is 9.5, continue to stir make within 0.4 hour emulsifying agent fully dissolve and It is scattered, by mixed material milling treatment of colloid 3 times, make cyperue esculentus crude fibre particle granular, obtain after crude fibre particle granular Tiger nut drink slurrying liquid.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 145rpm.
(4) homogeneous:With homogenizer by the tiger nut drink slurrying liquid after step (3) the crude fibre particle granular of gained, equal Matter pressure is homogeneous 1 time under 60MPa, makes the further granular of crude fibre particle and the homogenization in tiger nut drink slurrying liquid, obtains Cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles is the homogeneous slurry of Nano grade.
(5) it is spray-dried:By step (4) gained cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles be Nano grade homogeneous slurry, In hot wind inlet temperature it is 175 DEG C, the bar that hot blast flow velocity is 7m/s and hot-blast outlet temperature is 75 DEG C with pressure spray dryer method Dried under part to Shui point Han Liang≤5%, be cooled to less than 40 DEG C, seal and produce the full powder 49.3kg of instant type food type cyperue esculentus.
After measured, the total Soluble Sugar of the full powder of gained instant type food type cyperue esculentus is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%;Form sediment (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%, gelatinization degree is 100% to powder;Crude fibre is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤23%;Gross protein (Han Liang≤7% of the) in terms of N × 6.25;Zong Zhi fat Han Liang≤20%;Ash content Han Liang≤4% and Shui points of Han Liang≤5%;Physical and chemical index Meet relevant national standard with microbiological indicator《GB 7101-2015》Requirement.
Embodiment 6:
A kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus, its step is:
(1) pulverize and sieve:The cyperue esculentus after decortication is taken, after being crushed and being sieved through 80 mesh standard sieves with stainless steel pulverizer Cyperue esculentus powder is standby;
(2) defibrination is soaked:Cyperue esculentus powder 213.6kg is taken, the water of 7 times of its quality is added, in the case of stirring, add mixed The potassium carbonate 854g of compound material mass fraction 0.05%, continues to stir 3 hours, makes the abundant water swelling of cyperue esculentus powder;With mill Pulp grinder defibrination, obtains cyperue esculentus grinding slurry.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 145rpm.
(3) heat and particle granular:In the case where being stirred continuously, by step, (2) gained cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is heated to 90 DEG C and maintain 1.5 hours, cyperue esculentus starch is fully gelatinized and make the abundant aquation of cyperue esculentus crude fibre, obtain after starch gelatinization Cyperue esculentus slurries;Add starch gelatinization after cyperue esculentus grind slurries quality fraction 0.05% by HLB for 4.3 sapn (Si Pan) and The compound emulsifying agent 854g that the HLB for the tween composition that HLB is 13.1 is 9.5, continuing to stir makes emulsifying agent fully dissolve in 0.3 hour With it is scattered, by mixed material milling treatment of colloid 3 times, make cyperue esculentus crude fibre particle granular, obtain crude fibre particle granular Tiger nut drink slurrying liquid afterwards.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 145rpm.
(4) homogeneous:With homogenizer by the tiger nut drink slurrying liquid after step (3) the crude fibre particle granular of gained, equal Matter pressure is homogeneous 2 times under 40MPa, makes the further granular of crude fibre particle and the homogenization in tiger nut drink slurrying liquid, obtains Cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles is the homogeneous slurry of Nano grade.
(5) it is spray-dried:By step (4) gained cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles be Nano grade homogeneous slurry, In hot wind inlet temperature it is 185 DEG C, the bar that hot blast flow velocity is 5m/s and hot-blast outlet temperature is 75 DEG C with pressure spray dryer method Dried under part to Shui point Han Liang≤5%, be cooled to less than 40 DEG C, seal and produce the full powder 212.4kg of instant type food type cyperue esculentus.
After measured, the total Soluble Sugar of the full powder of gained instant type food type cyperue esculentus is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%;Form sediment (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%, gelatinization degree is 100% to powder;Crude fibre is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤23%;Gross protein (Han Liang≤7% of the) in terms of N × 6.25;Zong Zhi fat Han Liang≤20%;Ash content Han Liang≤4% and Shui points of Han Liang≤5%;Physical and chemical index Meet relevant national standard with microbiological indicator《GB 7101-2015》Requirement.
Embodiment 7:
A kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus, its step is:
(1) pulverize and sieve:The cyperue esculentus after decortication is taken, after being crushed and being sieved through 100 mesh standard sieves with stainless steel pulverizer Cyperue esculentus powder is standby;
(2) defibrination is soaked:Cyperue esculentus powder 1.9kg is taken, the water of 6.5 times of its quality is added, in the case of stirring, added mixed The sodium tripolyphosphate 21.4g of compound material mass fraction 0.15%, continues to stir 2.5 hours, cyperue esculentus powder is fully absorbed water swollen It is swollen;With paste mill grinding, cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is obtained.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 145rpm.
(3) heat and particle granular:In the case where being stirred continuously, by step, (2) gained cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is heated to 85 DEG C and maintain 2 hours, cyperue esculentus starch is fully gelatinized and make the abundant aquation of cyperue esculentus crude fibre, obtain the oil after starch gelatinization Sha's soybean milk liquid;The cyperue esculentus grind slurries quality fraction 0.1% added after starch gelatinization by the HLB monoglycerides for being 5.2 and HLB is The compound emulsifying agent 14.3g that the HLB of 15.0 sucrose ester composition is 8.5, continuing to stir makes emulsifying agent fully dissolve and divide in 1 hour Dissipate, by mixed material milling treatment of colloid 3 times, make cyperue esculentus crude fibre particle granular, obtain after crude fibre particle granular Tiger nut drink slurrying liquid.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 145rpm.
(4) homogeneous:With homogenizer by the tiger nut drink slurrying liquid after step (3) the crude fibre particle granular of gained, equal Matter pressure is homogeneous 2 times under 40MPa, makes the further granular of crude fibre particle and the homogenization in tiger nut drink slurrying liquid, obtains Cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles is the homogeneous slurry of Nano grade.
(5) it is spray-dried:By step (4) gained cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles be Nano grade homogeneous slurry, In hot wind inlet temperature it is 175 DEG C, the bar that hot blast flow velocity is 7m/s and hot-blast outlet temperature is 75 DEG C with pressure spray dryer method Dried under part to Shui point Han Liang≤5%, be cooled to less than 40 DEG C, seal and produce the full powder 1.85kg of instant type food type cyperue esculentus.
After measured, the total Soluble Sugar of the full powder of gained instant type food type cyperue esculentus is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%;Form sediment (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%, gelatinization degree is 100% to powder;Crude fibre is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤23%;Gross protein (Han Liang≤7% of the) in terms of N × 6.25;Zong Zhi fat Han Liang≤20%;Ash content Han Liang≤4% and Shui points of Han Liang≤5%;Physical and chemical index Meet relevant national standard with microbiological indicator《GB 7101-2015》Requirement.
Embodiment 8:
A kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus, its step is:
(1) pulverize and sieve:The cyperue esculentus after decortication is taken, after being crushed and being sieved through 80 mesh standard sieves with stainless steel pulverizer Cyperue esculentus powder is standby;
(2) defibrination is soaked:Cyperue esculentus powder 571.5kg is taken, the water of 6 times of its quality is added, in the case of stirring, will be mixed Material is heated to 45 DEG C, adds the calgon 6kg of mixed material mass fraction 0.15%, continues to stir 2 hours, makes oily Sha The fully water swelling of bean powder end;With paste mill grinding, cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is obtained.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 145rpm。
(3) heat and particle granular:In the case where being stirred continuously, by step, (2) gained cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is heated to 90 DEG C and maintain 1.5 hours, cyperue esculentus starch is fully gelatinized and make the abundant aquation of cyperue esculentus crude fibre, obtain after starch gelatinization Cyperue esculentus slurries;The HLB of the cyperue esculentus grind slurries quality fraction 0.08% added after starch gelatinization is stearic for 8.3 monomer emulsifying agent Sour sodium lactate 4.8kg, continuing to stir makes emulsifying agent fully dissolve and disperse in 0.5 hour, by mixed material milling treatment of colloid 3 It is secondary, make cyperue esculentus crude fibre particle granular, obtain the tiger nut drink slurrying liquid after crude fibre particle granular.Control this step Mixing speed is 145rpm.
(4) homogeneous:With homogenizer by the tiger nut drink slurrying liquid after step (3) the crude fibre particle granular of gained, equal Matter pressure is homogeneous 1 time under 60MPa, makes the further granular of crude fibre particle and the homogenization in tiger nut drink slurrying liquid, obtains Cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles is the homogeneous slurry of Nano grade.
(5) it is spray-dried:By step (4) gained cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles be Nano grade homogeneous slurry, In hot wind inlet temperature it is 180 DEG C, the bar that hot blast flow velocity is 5m/s and hot-blast outlet temperature is 75 DEG C with pressure spray dryer method Dried under part to Shui point Han Liang≤5%, be cooled to less than 40 DEG C, seal and produce the full powder 570.1kg of instant type food type cyperue esculentus.
After measured, the total Soluble Sugar of the full powder of gained instant type food type cyperue esculentus is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%;Form sediment (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%, gelatinization degree is 100% to powder;Crude fibre is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤23%;Gross protein (Han Liang≤7% of the) in terms of N × 6.25;Zong Zhi fat Han Liang≤20%;Ash content Han Liang≤4% and Shui points of Han Liang≤5%;Physical and chemical index Meet relevant national standard with microbiological indicator《GB 7101-2015》Requirement.
Embodiment 9:
A kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus, its step is:
(1) pulverize and sieve:The cyperue esculentus after decortication is taken, after being crushed and being sieved through 100 mesh standard sieves with stainless steel pulverizer Cyperue esculentus powder is standby;
(2) defibrination is soaked:Cyperue esculentus powder 14.7kg is taken, the water of 5.5 times of its quality is added, in the case of stirring, added mixed The sodium tripolyphosphate 172g of compound material mass fraction 0.18%, continues to stir 3 hours, makes the abundant water swelling of cyperue esculentus powder; With paste mill grinding, cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is obtained.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 145rpm.
(3) heat and particle granular:In the case where being stirred continuously, by step, (2) gained cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is heated to 95 DEG C and maintain 1 hour, cyperue esculentus starch is fully gelatinized and make the abundant aquation of cyperue esculentus crude fibre, obtain the oil after starch gelatinization Sha's soybean milk liquid;The cyperue esculentus grind slurries quality fraction 0.1% added after starch gelatinization by the HLB monoglycerides for being 5.2 and HLB is The compound emulsifying agent 96g that the HLB of 15.0 sucrose ester composition is 8.5, continuing to stir makes emulsifying agent fully dissolve and divide in 0.1 hour Dissipate, by mixed material milling treatment of colloid 3 times, make cyperue esculentus crude fibre particle granular, obtain after crude fibre particle granular Tiger nut drink slurrying liquid.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 145rpm.
(4) homogeneous:With homogenizer by the tiger nut drink slurrying liquid after step (3) the crude fibre particle granular of gained, equal Matter pressure is homogeneous 2 times under 40MPa, makes the further granular of crude fibre particle and the homogenization in tiger nut drink slurrying liquid, obtains Cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles is the homogeneous slurry of Nano grade.
(5) it is spray-dried:By step (4) gained cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles be Nano grade homogeneous slurry, In hot wind inlet temperature it is 175 DEG C, the bar that hot blast flow velocity is 7m/s and hot-blast outlet temperature is 75 DEG C with pressure spray dryer method Dried under part to Shui point Han Liang≤5%, sealing produce the full powder 13.9kg of instant type food type cyperue esculentus.
After measured, the total Soluble Sugar of the full powder of gained instant type food type cyperue esculentus is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%;Form sediment (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%, gelatinization degree is 100% to powder;Crude fibre is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤23%;Gross protein (Han Liang≤7% of the) in terms of N × 6.25;Zong Zhi fat Han Liang≤20%;Ash content Han Liang≤4% and Shui points of Han Liang≤5%;Physical and chemical index Meet relevant national standard with microbiological indicator《GB 7101-2015》Requirement.
Embodiment 10:
A kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus, its step is:
(1) pulverize and sieve:The cyperue esculentus after decortication is taken, after being crushed and being sieved through 100 mesh standard sieves with stainless steel pulverizer Cyperue esculentus powder is standby;
(2) defibrination is soaked:Cyperue esculentus powder 28.5kg is taken, the water of 6 times of its quality is added, in the case of stirring, by mixture Material is heated to 45 DEG C, adds the sodium pyrophosphate 300g of mixed material mass fraction 0.15%, continues to stir 2 hours, makes cyperue esculentus The abundant water swelling of powder;With paste mill grinding, cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is obtained.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 145rpm.
(3) heat and particle granular:In the case where being stirred continuously, by step, (2) gained cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is heated to 90 DEG C and maintain 1.5 hours, cyperue esculentus starch is fully gelatinized and make the abundant aquation of cyperue esculentus crude fibre, obtain after starch gelatinization Cyperue esculentus slurries;Add starch gelatinization after cyperue esculentus grind slurries quality fraction 0.1% by HLB for 4.7 sapn (Si Pan) and The compound emulsifying agent 200g that the HLB for the tween composition that HLB is 13.3 is 9.5, continuing to stir makes emulsifying agent fully dissolve in 0.5 hour With it is scattered, by mixed material milling treatment of colloid 3 times, make cyperue esculentus crude fibre particle granular, obtain crude fibre particle granular Tiger nut drink slurrying liquid afterwards.The mixing speed for controlling this step is 145rpm.
(4) homogeneous:With homogenizer by the tiger nut drink slurrying liquid after step (3) the crude fibre particle granular of gained, equal Matter pressure is homogeneous 2 times under 40MPa, makes the further granular of crude fibre particle and the homogenization in tiger nut drink slurrying liquid, obtains Cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles is the homogeneous slurry of Nano grade.
(5) it is spray-dried:By step (4) gained cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles be Nano grade homogeneous slurry, In hot wind inlet temperature it is 190 DEG C, the bar that hot blast flow velocity is 4m/s and hot-blast outlet temperature is 80 DEG C with pressure spray dryer method Dried under part to Shui point Han Liang≤5%, be cooled to less than 40 DEG C, seal and produce the full powder 27.2kg of instant type food type cyperue esculentus.
After measured, the total Soluble Sugar of the full powder of gained instant type food type cyperue esculentus is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%;Form sediment (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤22%, gelatinization degree is 100% to powder;Crude fibre is (with glucose meter) Han Liang≤23%;Gross protein (Han Liang≤7% of the) in terms of N × 6.25;Zong Zhi fat Han Liang≤20%;Ash content Han Liang≤4% and Shui points of Han Liang≤5%;Physical and chemical index Meet relevant national standard with microbiological indicator《GB 7101-2015》Requirement.
Specific each embodiment described in this specification is only to spirit explanation for example of the invention.Belonging to of the invention Those skilled in the art can make various modifications or supplement or using similar to described specific embodiment Mode is substituted, but without departing from the spiritual of the present invention or surmounts scope defined in appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of preparation method of the full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus, its step is as follows:
(1) pulverize and sieve:The cyperue esculentus after decortication is taken, is crushed with stainless steel pulverizer and obtains cyperue esculentus powder after being sieved through standard screen It is standby;
(2) defibrination is soaked:The water of 3~100 times of its quality is added into cyperue esculentus powder, mixed material temperature is adjusted to 0~60 DEG C, In the case of stirring, the softening agent of mixed material mass fraction 0.05~1% is added, continues to stir 0.5~5 hour, makes oily Sha The fully water swelling of bean powder end;With paste mill grinding, obtain cyperue esculentus grinding slurry, control the mixing speed of this step for 10~ 250rpm;
(3) heat and particle granular:In the case where being stirred continuously, by step, (2) gained cyperue esculentus grinding slurry is heated to oily Sha It is more than the gelatinization point of beans starch and maintain 0.1~4 hour, cyperue esculentus starch is fully gelatinized and make cyperue esculentus crude fibre abundant Aquation, obtains the cyperue esculentus slurries after starch gelatinization;The list of the cyperue esculentus grind slurries quality fraction 0.05~2% added after starch gelatinization Body emulsifying agent or compound emulsifying agent, continuing to stir makes emulsifying agent fully dissolve and disperse in 0.1~2 hour, and mixed material is used Milling treatment of colloid 2~3 times, makes cyperue esculentus crude fibre particle granular, obtains the tiger nut drink slurrying after crude fibre particle granular Liquid, the mixing speed for controlling this step is 10~300rpm;
(4) homogeneous:With homogenizer by the tiger nut drink slurrying liquid after step (3) the crude fibre particle granular of gained, in homogeneous pressure Homogeneous 1~2 time under power, makes the further granular of crude fibre particle and the homogenization in tiger nut drink slurrying liquid, obtains cyperue esculentus thick Fiber grain average diameter is the homogeneous slurry of Nano grade;
(5) it is spray-dried:By step, (4) gained cyperue esculentus crude fibre average diameter of particles is sprayed for the homogeneous slurry of Nano grade Seasoning drying to moisture Zhi≤5%, cooling, sealing produces the full powder of food type cyperue esculentus.
2. a kind of preparation method of full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step(1)In Described cyperue esculentus, refers to the dry tuber of plant cyperue esculentus, and its kind includes two big types, 4 small types, big grain type product Kind:Including common big grain type and especially big grain type, granule type kind:Including granule type and middle grain type;Described cyperue esculentus powder, its grain It is to be sieved through 20~600 mesh standard sieves to spend size.
3. a kind of preparation method of full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step(2)In Described softening agent is pure or food grade the tertiary sodium phosphate of analysis, sodium pyrophosphate, sodium tripolyphosphate, calgon, lemon Sour trisodium, citric acid tri potassium, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate, sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate or any two kinds of mixture.
4. a kind of preparation method of full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step(3)In The gelatinization point of described cyperue esculentus starch is 65~99 DEG C;Described monomer emulsifying agent is the list of the different HLB values of food grade Sweet ester, three polyglycerol esters of different HLB values, lecithin, the sucrose fatty ester of different HLB values, soybean lecithin, different HLB values Sapn, tween, stearoyl lactate and the CSL of different HLB value;Described compound emulsifying agent is two kinds of foods The mixture that the HLB value being mixed to get with level monomer emulsifying agent in HLB value calculating ratio is 8~14.
5. a kind of preparation method of full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step(4)In Described homogenizer is food industry or the conventional high pressure homogenizer of pharmaceuticals industry and extra-high-pressure nano homogenizer;Described homogeneous Pressure is Jun matter Ya Li≤20MPa;Described Sha's beans crude fibre average diameter of particles is Nano grade, refers to average diameter ﹤ 10- 6m(μm)。
6. a kind of preparation method of full powder of instant type cyperue esculentus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step(5)In Described spray drying process, its spray pattern is centrifugal spray and press atomization, and hot wind inlet temperature is 145~200 DEG C, hot blast Flow velocity is 1~20m/s, and hot-blast outlet temperature is 60~100 DEG C.
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Application publication date: 20170922