CN108902937B - Functional food for preventing senile dementia and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Functional food for preventing senile dementia and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN108902937B
CN108902937B CN201810592775.0A CN201810592775A CN108902937B CN 108902937 B CN108902937 B CN 108902937B CN 201810592775 A CN201810592775 A CN 201810592775A CN 108902937 B CN108902937 B CN 108902937B
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water
senile dementia
functional food
soluble powder
preventing senile
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CN108902937A (en
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何宏燕
王维义
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Huzhou Weiyi Biotechnology Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L33/00Modifying nutritive qualities of foods; Dietetic products; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L33/00Modifying nutritive qualities of foods; Dietetic products; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L33/10Modifying nutritive qualities of foods; Dietetic products; Preparation or treatment thereof using additives
    • A23L33/105Plant extracts, their artificial duplicates or their derivatives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23VINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO FOODS, FOODSTUFFS OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
    • A23V2002/00Food compositions, function of food ingredients or processes for food or foodstuffs

Abstract

The invention relates to a functional food for preventing senile dementia and a preparation method thereof, belonging to the technical field of food processing. A food with an effect of preventing senile dementia comprises, by weight, 40-65% of flaxseed kernels, 3-8% of gastrodia elata, 6-8% of dried longan, 5-15% of polygala tenuifolia, 4-8% of fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae, 1.5-4.0% of ginkgo leaf extracts, 3-5% of grape seed extracts, 0.1-0.3% of selenium yeast, 2-5% of zinc yeast, 5-8% of magnesium lactate, 3-6% of vitamin B and 1-3% of acetylcholine. The invention aims to match other traditional Chinese medicinal materials, various vitamins and mineral substances on the basis of the linseed kernels, play the synergistic effect of all the components, produce a safe, nontoxic and side-effect-free functional food for preventing senile dementia by a special extraction and preparation method, and have the effects of delaying brain cell aging, improving memory and preventing senile dementia.

Description

Functional food for preventing senile dementia and preparation method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to a functional food for preventing senile dementia and a preparation method of the food, and belongs to the technical field of food processing.
Background
With the social progress, the improvement of the living standard of people and the improvement of medical guarantee, the average life of the population in China is remarkably prolonged at present, meanwhile, the proportion of the aged to the general population is continuously increased, and the aged over 60 years old in China breaks through 2.3 hundred million and accounts for 16.7 percent of the general population by the end of 2017. The huge population of the old people needs to pay close attention to the health of the old people and improve the self-health care and disease prevention capability of the old people. Scientific research finds that after the age of 60 years, the aging speed of brain cells begins to be accelerated, the memory is reduced, the incidence rate of Alzheimer disease (senile dementia) is increased, more than 1000 ten thousand of the existing senile dementia patients in China currently exist, and 30 ten thousand of the existing senile dementia patients are added each year. The symptoms of the senile dementia patients are represented by cognitive function impairment and mental abnormality, and the final life cannot be managed by oneself, so that the life quality of the patients is seriously influenced, and the family and the society of the patients are also heavily burdened. The senile dementia can not be cured so far, the conventional medicines on the market can only relieve the symptoms of the senile dementia at present, the medicine effect is very short, and the development of the disease can not be controlled. At present, no medicine can permanently stop the brain atrophy of a patient, so that the development of a functional food which can slow down the memory decline of the elderly, improve the memory of the elderly and prevent the senile dementia has very important significance.
The linseed kernel contains rich alpha-linolenic acid and various trace elements essential to human body, wherein the content of potassium is the highest. Alpha-linolenic acid can be converted into docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) for maintaining cranial nerve operation in human body, and provides brain with sufficient nutrition. The lack of alpha-linolenic acid in the human body easily causes insufficient intake of omega 3 fatty acid to cause encephalatrophy, and for the elderly, the lack of alpha-linolenic acid can increase the occurrence probability of senile dementia. Through years of medical theoretical demonstration and practice, the edible medicinal materials such as the gastrodia elata, the dried longan, the polygala tenuifolia, the fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae, the ginkgo leaves and the grape seeds have important application in the aspects of slowing down the oxidation of brain cells and preventing senile dementia, and have no toxic or side effect. Selenium yeast, zinc yeast, magnesium lactate, vitamins and acetylcholine contain multiple essential microelements for human body, and have effects of improving memory and developing functional food for preventing senile dementia.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to produce a safe and non-toxic functional food for preventing senile dementia by matching other traditional Chinese medicinal materials, various vitamins and mineral substances on the basis of flaxseed kernels and exerting the synergistic effect of all the components through special extraction and preparation means.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
a functional food for preventing senile dementia comprises, by mass, 40-65% of flaxseed kernels, 3-8% of gastrodia elata, 6-8% of dried longan, 5-15% of polygala tenuifolia, 4-8% of fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae, 1.5-4.0% of ginkgo leaf extracts, 3-5% of grape seed extracts, 0.1-0.3% of selenium yeast, 2-5% of zinc yeast, 5-8% of magnesium lactate, 3-6% of vitamin B and 1-3% of acetylcholine.
The linseed kernel in the raw material contains alpha-linolenic acid which belongs to essential omega 3 fatty acid of human body, and the alpha-linolenic acid can be converted into docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) for maintaining the operation of cranial nerves through a series of conversion processes in the human body, thereby being beneficial to the nutrition and health care of the adult brain, relieving the brain fatigue, reducing the injury of the cranial nerves and further effectively preventing the senile dementia.
The rhizoma Gastrodiae in the raw materials is rich in gastrodine, vanillin, protein, amino acids, and microelements. Recent clinical researches show that gastrodine contained in rhizoma gastrodiae can enhance the immune function of organisms, and the rhizoma gastrodiae injection can improve the blood circulation of brain, increase the nutrient blood volume of brain, and has better effects of improving the blood circulation of brain of the elderly and preventing senile dementia.
Longan, polygala tenuifolia and fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae are also added into the raw materials, and have the effects of delaying brain cell aging, improving memory and preventing senile dementia according to the theory and practice of traditional Chinese medicine.
The ginkgo biloba extract in the raw materials contains ginkgo flavone, which can promote the blood circulation in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular vessels, enhance the function of cranial nerves and improve the memory of the old.
The grape seed extract in the raw materials contains procyanidine, is a strong antioxidant extracted from pure natural plants, and can pass through a blood brain barrier to reduce the damage of free radicals to cranial nerve cells.
Acetylcholine in raw materials is one of the most important neurotransmitters in the central nervous system, and its main function is to maintain consciousness, and is closely related to learning and memory, and human brain tissue contains a large amount of acetylcholine, but its content decreases with age. Compared with young people, the content of acetylcholine of the old people is reduced by 30%, and the acetylcholine in brain tissues of senile dementia patients is reduced more seriously and can reach 70% -80%. The intake of appropriate amount of acetylcholine can promote and activate brain nerve conduction function, improve information transmission speed, enhance brain memory, and prevent senile dementia.
The selenium yeast, zinc yeast, magnesium lactate and vitamin B in the raw materials contain selenium element, zinc element and magnesium element which are various vitamins and mineral substances necessary for human body, have nutrition and protection effects on cranial nerve cells, can improve memory, prevent cerebral amyloid pathological changes and have prevention effect on senile dementia.
The invention also provides a preparation method of the functional food for preventing senile dementia, which comprises the following steps:
1) preparing the linseed kernel water-soluble powder:
1.1) mixing the linseed kernel with water according to the weight ratio of 1: 1.25, adding sucrose ester, and grinding into slurry in a high-speed grinder for later use;
1.2) filtering the slurry obtained in the step 1.1, and carrying out high-pressure homogenizing grinding by a colloid mill to obtain superfine emulsion;
1.3) drying the superfine emulsion obtained in the step 1.2 in a spray dryer to obtain superfine water-soluble linseed kernel powder;
2) preparing rhizoma gastrodiae water-soluble powder:
2.1) soaking the gastrodia elata in water, taking out, cutting into pieces, and grinding into slurry in a high-speed grinder for later use;
2.2) filtering and colloid milling the mixture obtained in the step 2.1, homogenizing and grinding the mixture under high pressure to obtain superfine emulsion;
2.3) drying the superfine emulsion obtained in the step 2.2 in a spray dryer to obtain superfine gastrodia elata water-soluble powder;
3) preparing water soluble powder of dried longan, polygala root and fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae:
adding water with the mass of 1-5 times of that of the dried longan, the polygala root and the fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae into the dried longan, the polygala root and the fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae respectively, heating the mixture to 60-100 ℃ in a multifunctional food cooking pot, preserving the heat for 40-60 minutes, extracting supernatant serving as an extracting solution, filtering the extracting solution through a plate frame, concentrating the filtrate, and performing spray drying to obtain water soluble powder of the dried longan, the polygala root and the fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae;
4) preparation of functional food for preventing senile dementia:
4.1) putting the prepared linseed kernel water-soluble powder, the prepared gastrodia elata water-soluble powder, the prepared polygala tenuifolia, dried longan and fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae water-soluble powder, and the prepared ginkgo leaf extract and grape seed extract into a multi-dimensional mixer for mixing for 20-30 minutes;
and 4.2) putting selenium yeast, zinc yeast, magnesium lactate, vitamin B and acetylcholine into a table type 5-liter small-sized mixer, mixing for 5-10 minutes, taking out, transferring into the multidimensional mixer in the step 4.1, continuously mixing for 25-30 minutes, taking out, and subpackaging to obtain the product.
In the above technical scheme, preferably, the flaxseed kernel slurry in the step 1.2 is filtered by a 70-90 mesh sieve to obtain a filtrate, the filtrate is subjected to high-pressure homogenizing grinding by a two-stage shearing colloid mill, the distance of a homogenizer is adjusted to 0.01-0.02 mm, and the fineness of the obtained superfine emulsion is 0.6-0.7 μm. A large amount of epidermis shells are remained in slurry obtained by grinding and pulping raw materials, the taste and flavor of final food are affected, the raw materials are filtered and removed through a 70-90-mesh sieve, and the superfine emulsion is obtained through homogenization treatment, so that the final product has fewer impurities, and meanwhile, the taste and flavor are better.
In the above technical scheme, preferably, when the spray drying is performed in the step 1.3, the inlet air temperature of the spray dryer is set to 180-220 ℃, the outlet temperature is 70-90 ℃, and the spray drying time is 0.5-1 hour, and the control of the spray drying temperature and time can avoid the alpha-linolenic acid component in the linseed kernel from being damaged by the high temperature of the spray drying in the drying process, so that the final product has high nutritional value.
In the above technical scheme, preferably, in the step 2.1, the preparation of the water soluble powder of gastrodia elata needs to soak the gastrodia elata in water for 48-52 hours, take out the gastrodia elata, and cut the gastrodia elata into 0.5cm x 0.5cm squares by using a dicer. The gastrodia elata belongs to rhizome medicinal materials, is very hard in material, and is low in extraction rate by adopting a traditional decoction process. The invention firstly soaks the gastrodia elata for a long time, cuts the gastrodia elata into blocks, and adopts the process of crushing by a high-speed crusher, so that the effective components of the gastrodia elata can be fully utilized, and only a part of the components of the gastrodia elata can be extracted by the traditional decocting method.
Detailed Description
In order to further understand the technical features of the present invention, the present invention is described in detail with reference to the specific embodiments below. The embodiments are only illustrative and not restrictive, and any insubstantial modifications made by those skilled in the art based on the present invention shall fall within the scope of the invention.
Example 1
Preparing materials according to the following mass:
59.0kg of semen Lini, 8.0kg of rhizoma Gastrodiae, 7.9kg of dried longan, 6.6kg of polygala root, 6.6kg of fructus Alpinae Oxyphyllae, 6.6kg of folium Ginkgo extract, 4.5kg of grape seed extract, 3.3kg of selenium yeast, 0.1kg of zinc yeast, 0.5kg of magnesium lactate, 0.5kg of vitamin B, 0.5kg of acetylcholine, and 0.4kg of acetylcholine
The production method comprises the following steps:
1) preparing the linseed kernel water-soluble powder:
1.1) mixing the linseed kernel with water according to the weight ratio of 1: 1.25, adding sucrose ester, and grinding into slurry in a high-speed grinder for later use;
1.2) filtering the slurry obtained in the step 1 by a sieve of 80 meshes to obtain filtrate, and carrying out high-pressure homogeneous grinding on the filtrate by a two-stage shearing type colloid mill, wherein the distance is adjusted to be 0.02mm, so as to obtain an ultrafine emulsion with the fineness of 0.7 mu m;
1.3) drying the superfine emulsion obtained in the step 2 in a spray dryer, wherein the spray air inlet temperature is 190 ℃, the outlet air temperature is 75 ℃, and the superfine water-soluble linseed kernel powder is obtained after drying for 0.5 hour;
2) preparing rhizoma gastrodiae water-soluble powder:
2.1) soaking the gastrodia elata in water for 50 hours, taking out, cutting into 0.5 cm-0.5 cm squares, and grinding into slurry in a high-speed grinder for later use;
2.2) drying the superfine emulsion obtained in the step 2.2 in a spray dryer to obtain superfine gastrodia elata water-soluble powder;
2.3) drying the superfine emulsion obtained in the step 5 in a spray dryer, wherein the spray air inlet temperature is 190 ℃, the outlet air temperature is 75 ℃, and the superfine water-soluble linseed kernel powder is obtained after drying for 0.5 hour;
3) preparing water soluble powder of dried longan, polygala root and fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae:
adding water with the mass of 1-5 times of that of the dried longan, the polygala root and the fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae into the dried longan, the polygala root and the fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae respectively, heating the mixture to 60-100 ℃ in a multifunctional food cooking pot, preserving the heat for 40-60 minutes, extracting supernatant serving as an extracting solution, filtering the extracting solution through a plate frame, concentrating the filtrate, and performing spray drying to obtain water soluble powder of the dried longan, the polygala root and the fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae;
4) preparation of functional food for preventing senile dementia:
4.1) putting the prepared linseed kernel water-soluble powder, the prepared gastrodia elata water-soluble powder, the prepared longan dry, the prepared polygala tenuifolia and the prepared sharpleaf galangal fruit water-soluble powder, and the purchased ginkgo leaf extract and the purchased grape seed extract into a multi-dimensional mixer for mixing for 20 minutes;
and 4.2) putting selenium yeast, zinc yeast, magnesium lactate, vitamin B and acetylcholine into a table type 5-liter small-sized mixer, mixing for 5 minutes, taking out, transferring into the multidimensional mixer in the step 8, continuously mixing for 30 minutes, taking out, and subpackaging to obtain the product.
Example 2
Preparing materials according to the following mass:
55kg of linseed kernel, 10.25kg of gastrodia elata, 8.0kg of dried longan, 7.2kg of polygala root, 7.0kg of fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae, 4.0kg of ginkgo leaf extract, 4.0kg of grape seed extract, 4.0kg of selenium yeast, 0.15kg of zinc yeast, 0.6kg of magnesium lactate, 0.8kg of vitamin B, 0.5kg of acetylcholine and the like.
The production method comprises the following steps:
1) preparing the linseed kernel water-soluble powder:
1.1) mixing the linseed kernel with water according to the weight ratio of 1: 1.25, adding sucrose ester, and grinding into slurry in a high-speed grinder for later use;
1.2) filtering the slurry obtained in the step 1 by a sieve of 80 meshes to obtain filtrate, and carrying out high-pressure homogeneous grinding on the filtrate by a two-stage shearing type colloid mill, wherein the distance is adjusted to be 0.02mm, so as to obtain an ultrafine emulsion with the fineness of 0.7 mu m;
1.3) drying the superfine emulsion obtained in the step 2 in a spray dryer, wherein the spray air inlet temperature is 200 ℃, the outlet air temperature is 80 ℃, and the superfine water-soluble linseed kernel powder is obtained after drying for 1 hour;
2) preparing rhizoma gastrodiae water-soluble powder:
2.1) soaking the gastrodia elata in water for 52 hours, taking out, cutting into 0.5cm by 0.5cm squares, and grinding into slurry in a high-speed grinding machine for later use;
2.2) filtering the slurry obtained in the step 4 by a sieve of 80 meshes to obtain filtrate, and carrying out high-pressure homogeneous grinding on the filtrate by a two-stage shearing type colloid mill, wherein the distance is adjusted to be 0.02mm, so as to obtain an ultrafine emulsion with the fineness of 0.7 mu m;
2.3) drying the superfine emulsion obtained in the step 5 in a spray dryer, wherein the spray air inlet temperature is 200 ℃, the outlet air temperature is 90 ℃, and the superfine water-soluble linseed kernel powder is obtained after drying for 1 hour;
3) preparing water soluble powder of dried longan, polygala root and fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae:
adding water with the mass of 1-5 times of that of the dried longan, the polygala root and the fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae into the dried longan, the polygala root and the fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae respectively, heating the mixture to 60-100 ℃ in a multifunctional food cooking pot, preserving the heat for 40-60 minutes, extracting supernatant serving as an extracting solution, filtering the extracting solution through a plate frame, concentrating the filtrate, and performing spray drying to obtain water soluble powder of the dried longan, the polygala root and the fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae;
4) preparation of functional food for preventing senile dementia:
4.1) putting the prepared linseed kernel water-soluble powder, the prepared gastrodia elata water-soluble powder, the prepared longan dry, the prepared polygala tenuifolia and the prepared sharpleaf galangal fruit water-soluble powder, and the purchased ginkgo leaf extract and the purchased grape seed extract into a multi-dimensional mixer for mixing for 30 minutes;
and 4.2) putting selenium yeast, zinc yeast, magnesium lactate, vitamin B and acetylcholine into a table type 5-liter small-sized mixer, mixing for 10 minutes, taking out, transferring into the multidimensional mixer in the step 8, continuously mixing for 30 minutes, taking out, and subpackaging to obtain the product.

Claims (5)

1. A method for preparing functional food for preventing senile dementia is characterized in that flaxseed kernel, rhizoma gastrodiae, dried longan, polygala tenuifolia, fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae, ginkgo leaf extract, grape seed extract, selenium yeast, zinc yeast, magnesium lactate, vitamin B and acetylcholine are used as raw materials, and the functional food is prepared by the following process steps:
1) preparing the linseed kernel water-soluble powder:
1.1) mixing the linseed kernel with water according to the weight ratio of 1: 1.25, adding sucrose ester, and grinding into slurry in a high-speed grinder for later use;
1.2) filtering the slurry obtained in the step 1.1, and carrying out high-pressure homogenizing grinding by a colloid mill to obtain superfine emulsion;
1.3) drying the superfine emulsion obtained in the step 1.2 in a spray dryer to obtain superfine water-soluble linseed kernel powder;
2) preparing rhizoma gastrodiae water-soluble powder:
2.1) soaking the gastrodia elata in water, taking out, cutting into pieces, and grinding into slurry in a high-speed grinder for later use;
2.2) filtering the slurry obtained in the step 2.1, and carrying out high-pressure homogenizing grinding by a colloid mill to obtain superfine emulsion;
2.3) drying the superfine emulsion obtained in the step 2.2 in a spray dryer to obtain superfine gastrodia elata water-soluble powder;
3) preparing water soluble powder of dried longan, polygala root and fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae:
adding water with the mass of 1-5 times of that of the dried longan, the polygala root and the fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae into the dried longan, the polygala root and the fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae respectively, heating the mixture to 60-100 ℃ in a multifunctional food cooking pot, preserving the heat for 40-60 minutes, extracting supernatant serving as an extracting solution, filtering the extracting solution through a plate frame, concentrating the filtrate, and performing spray drying to obtain water soluble powder of the dried longan, the polygala root and the fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae;
4) preparation of functional food for preventing senile dementia:
4.1) putting the prepared linseed kernel water-soluble powder, the prepared gastrodia elata water-soluble powder, the prepared polygala tenuifolia, dried longan and fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae water-soluble powder, and the prepared ginkgo leaf extract and grape seed extract into a multi-dimensional mixer for mixing for 20-30 minutes;
4.2) putting selenium yeast, zinc yeast, magnesium lactate, vitamin B and acetylcholine into a table type 5-liter small-sized mixer, mixing for 5-10 minutes, taking out, transferring into the multidimensional mixer in the step 4.1, continuously mixing for 25-30 minutes, taking out, and subpackaging to obtain the product;
the mass percentages of the used raw materials are as follows: 40-65% of flaxseed kernels, 3-8% of gastrodia elata, 6-8% of dried longan, 5-15% of polygala tenuifolia, 4-8% of fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae, 1.5-4.0% of ginkgo leaf extract, 3-5% of grape seed extract, 0.1-0.3% of selenium yeast, 2-5% of zinc yeast, 5-8% of magnesium lactate, 3-6% of vitamin B and 1-3% of acetylcholine.
2. The method for preparing a functional food for preventing senile dementia according to claim 1, wherein the flaxseed kernel slurry in the step 1.2 is filtered through a 70-90 mesh sieve to obtain a filtrate, the filtrate is subjected to high-pressure homogenizing and grinding through a two-stage shear type colloid mill, the distance of the homogenizer is adjusted to 0.01-0.02 mm, and the fineness of the obtained superfine emulsion is 0.6-0.7 μm.
3. The method for preparing a functional food for preventing senile dementia according to claim 1, wherein the temperature of the inlet air of the spray dryer in the step 1.3 is set to be 180-220 ℃, the temperature of the outlet air is set to be 70-90 ℃, and the time of spray drying is 0.5-1 hour.
4. The method for preparing a functional food for preventing senile dementia according to claim 1, wherein the Gastrodia elata in step 2.1 is soaked in water for 48-52 hours, taken out, and cut into 0.5cm x 0.5cm cubes by a dicer.
5. A functional food for preventing senile dementia, which is prepared by the preparation method according to any one of claims 1 to 4.
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