CN107172914A - A kind of oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period - Google Patents

A kind of oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107172914A
CN107172914A CN201710568083.8A CN201710568083A CN107172914A CN 107172914 A CN107172914 A CN 107172914A CN 201710568083 A CN201710568083 A CN 201710568083A CN 107172914 A CN107172914 A CN 107172914A
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Prior art keywords
parts
oriental cherry
seed
seedling
cultural
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CN201710568083.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周克斌
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Anhui Meilan Landscape Engineering Co Ltd
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Anhui Meilan Landscape Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710568083.8A priority Critical patent/CN107172914A/en
Publication of CN107172914A publication Critical patent/CN107172914A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/06Coating or dressing seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period, it is related to oriental cherry planting technology field, comprises the following steps:(1), selection of land site preparation;(2), seed collection;(3), Seeds preprocess;(4), seeding and seedling raising;(5), transplant;(6), manage after transplanting.The present invention can effectively extend the oriental cherry florescence, and the oriental cherry after maturation spends U.S. full of leaves, with preferable economic benefit and ornamental value.

Description

A kind of oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period
Technical field
The present invention relates to oriental cherry planting technology field, and in particular to a kind of oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period.
Background technology
Oriental cherry is the general designation that rose family cherry belongs to several plant, and 3 to 5 every, into corymb, petal tip is incised, flower Color is generally white, pink.Spent often March with being bloomed after Ye Tongfang or leaf, with seasonal variations.Cherry red is bright-coloured beautiful, branches and leaves It is in great numbers vigorous, be early spring it is important sight flower seeds, be usually used in ornamental plantation.With mass-planting, it can also plant in hillside, garden, roadside, build Build before thing.Time in full bloom spends numerous gorgeous, completely sets bright-coloured, and such as cloud is extremely grand like rosy clouds.It large stretch of can transplant and cause " spending sea " landscape, Can 3 fifty percent accumulation points sew and form bright and beautiful group in greenery patches, also can isolated planting, pictures for forming " a single red in the midst of thick foliage " anticipate.Oriental cherry can also be made small Road shade tree, hedgerow make potted landscape.But the life of oriental cherry is very short, an oriental cherry is withered about 7 days from opening into, whole cherry Tree forms the characteristics of oriental cherry Bian Kaibian falls from blooming thanking about 16 days or so entirely.
Eco-tour is greatly developed now, and oriental cherry tourism also turns into a kind of fashion, but the oriental cherry florescence is short, suitably views and admires number of days Few, the tourist earnings is low.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period, it can effectively extend the oriental cherry florescence, Oriental cherry after maturation spends U.S. full of leaves, with preferable economic benefit and ornamental value.
The invention provides following technical scheme:A kind of oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period, comprises the following steps:
(1), selection of land site preparation
Select loose fertile sandy soil territory as planting site, the pH value of soil is 5.5 ~ 6.5, and warmer climate is moistened, empty Gas high humidity, drainage condition is good;
Deep plough 20 ~ 35cm, is uniformly blended into fallen leaves, rice straw and chicken manure in soil, and by ground flatten it is whole carefully;
(2), seed collection
Selection 10 ~ 15 years lifes, large flower and brilliant colors, morning of blooming, completely filled fruit, no disease and pests harm and the maternal plant of growth, fruit maturation on the sunny side When, pulp is removed after picking fruit, obtains oriental cherry seed;
(3), Seeds preprocess
By step(1)Obtained oriental cherry seed be placed in the environment that temperature is 26 ~ 28 DEG C, humidity is 55 ~ 60% processing 30 ~ 40min, is then placed in 2 ~ 3min of immersion in 2 ~ 3% sodium citrate solution, takes out, standardized using blade in oriental cherry seed side 0.2 ~ 0.3mm of road indenture, the length of indenture for the side seed along along cut direction seed length 1/4, be then placed in seed soaking 5 ~ 10s is soaked in liquid, is taken out;
Prepare bag kind agent, its uniform smearing is wrapped in outside oriental cherry seed, form seed embedding structure, complete to the pre- of seed Processing;
(4), seeding and seedling raising
Prepare seedlings nursing plate, laying depth is 5 ~ 10cm seedling medium, by step(2)Pretreated seed is uniformly sprinkled into nursery Matrix, earthing lid is put down, and water holding ground moistening, when 3 ~ 4 true leaves are grown when coming up, and chooses the healthy and strong seedling of health, Seedling is dug, prepares to transplant;
(5), transplant
Before transplanting, farm manure is applied in planting site, planting pit is excavated, diameter control is 0.8 ~ 1m, and depth is 0.6 ~ 0.7m, strain Away from for 1 ~ 1.5m, line-spacing is 1.5 ~ 2m;
By step(4)Obtained seedling replanting enters planting pit, and the long main root of trimming, during transplanting, first fills out a small amount of soil before transplanting, Seedling is somewhat up carried again, root system is fully extended, then tracks tramping soil, is watered immediately after transplanting;
(6), manage after transplanting
Rich water quality management:A water was filled every 8 ~ 10 days;Annual fertilising twice, for the first time in the winter time or during early spring, using soya-bean cake, Chicken manure and composting fertilizer organic fertilizer;For the second time after fallen flowers, using the mixed fertilizer of ammonium sulfate, ferrous sulfate and urea;
Blossom-control technics:3 ~ 7 days sprinkling growth regulators before oriental cherry is bloomed, spraying time is between 7 points to 9 points of the morning;
The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Added using botanic powder in 10 ~ 20 times of amount water and be mixed and made into decoction, spray two when young leaves germinates It is secondary, sprayed again once after fallen flowers;
Branch-finishing and pruning:At the beginning of 5 months next years, the branch grown on trunk is cut to 6 ~ 11cm length, retains 2 ~ 5, while applying concentration For 0.1 ~ 0.3% ferrous sulfate aqueous solution.
Wherein, the step(3)Middle bag kind agent includes the raw material that following part is counted:By 25 ~ 27 parts of Aloe Vera Gel, glycerine 21 ~ 23 8 ~ 9 parts of part, 18 ~ 19 parts of honey, 15 ~ 16 parts of wolfberry fruit powder, 12 ~ 13 parts of astragalus membranaceus powder and borneol.
Wherein, the step(4)In seedling medium include following part count raw material:35 ~ 37 parts of urea, pine-seed oil 32 ~ 33 parts, 28 ~ 29 parts of ginger juice, 25 ~ 26 parts of glycerine, 23 ~ 24 parts of pine sawdust, 15 ~ 17 parts of biogas residue, 12 ~ 13 parts of volcanic ash, humus 1 ~ 2 part of 10 ~ 11 parts, 8 ~ 9 parts of sulphur, 5 ~ 6 parts of folium artemisiae argyi and soybean residue.
Wherein, the step(5)The thing that shelters from heat or light is set after middle transplanting around seedling, treats that oriental cherry seedling grows to 30 ~ 50cm high The thing that shelters from heat or light is removed afterwards.
Wherein, the step(6)Middle growth regulator includes the raw material that following part is counted:15 ~ 18 parts of calcium superphosphate, potassium sulfate 22 ~ 28 parts of 13 ~ 14 parts, 10 ~ 12 parts of boric acid, 7 ~ 9 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 5 ~ 7 parts of gibberellin, 3 ~ 4 parts of tea bush trimmer branch and water.
Wherein, the step(6)Middle botanic powder includes the raw material that following part is counted:26 ~ 28 parts of dried orange peel, turmeric 23 ~ 25 5 ~ 6 parts of part, 20 ~ 21 parts of polygonum flaccidum, 15 ~ 18 parts of calamus, 12 ~ 13 parts of fennel, 10 ~ 11 parts of Chinese cassia tree, 8 ~ 9 parts of kuh-seng and folium artemisiae argyi.
Wherein, the preparation method of the botanic powder is:By dried orange peel, turmeric, polygonum flaccidum, calamus, fennel, Chinese cassia tree, kuh-seng, Folium artemisiae argyi mixes after drying, in the water for adding 10 ~ 15 times of weight, and heating decocts 1 ~ 4h, and filtering retains filter residue, crushes, obtains after drying To the botanic powder.
Wherein, the step(5)In farm manure include following part count raw material:35 ~ 37 parts of maize straw, sheep manure 32 ~ 33 parts, 30 ~ 31 parts of wormcast, 27 ~ 28 parts of egg shell, 25 ~ 26 parts of pine needle meal, 23 ~ 24 parts of beet root, 20 ~ 21 parts of tobacco leaf slag, urine 18 ~ 19 parts of element, 16 ~ 18 parts of potassium fulvate, 13 ~ 15 parts of zinc sulfate, 10 ~ 11 parts of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, 8 ~ 9 parts of calcium sulfate, chitosan 8 ~ 9 parts and 6 ~ 7 parts of EM bacterium solutions.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:The oriental cherry florescence can effectively be extended, the oriental cherry after maturation spends U.S. full of leaves, with preferable Economic benefit and ornamental value, it is specific as follows:
(1), the present invention to oriental cherry Seeds preprocess, draw indenture in oriental cherry seed side so that sclerderm ruptures, internal embryo energy The active ingredient in seed-soaking liquid is enough adequately exposed to, the activity of embryo development relevant enzyme is stimulated, the work for promoting seed to sprout is played With;Bag kind agent is made in Aloe Vera Gel, glycerine, honey, wolfberry fruit powder, astragalus membranaceus powder and borneol, is smeared after uniform mixing and is wrapped in seed Surface, the stimulation kind blastocyte that can not only continue is sprouted, and is also prevented from the loss of Interior Seed nutriment, further promotees Enter germination, greatly reduce seedling cost, make oriental cherry nursery that there is more preferable economic value;
(2), the present invention use with calcium superphosphate, potassium sulfate, boric acid, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, gibberellin and tea bush trimmer for raw material Growth regulator, spray within 3 ~ 7 days before oriental cherry is bloomed, can effective kind of blooming period prolonging, single oriental cherry longer blooming period 4 ~ 6 days, Whole tree longer blooming period 8 ~ 9 days;
(3), the present invention in the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control use botanic powder, add 10 ~ 20 times amount water in is mixed and made into decoction, new Spray twice, can effectively prevent and treat the diseases such as oriental cherry brown spot when leaf germinates;
(4), the present invention during transplanting, by root relief, banket, carry seedling, then tamp soil, be fully extended root system, significantly The survival rate of oriental cherry seedling replanting is improved, yield has also obtained certain increase;Reasonably managed after transplanting simultaneously, Allow the growth of oriental cherry sapling health;
(5), the present invention carry out branch-finishing and pruning in being managed after transplanting, and it is water-soluble to apply the ferrous sulfate that concentration is 0.1 ~ 0.3% Liquid, prevents sapling germ after drenching with rain from invading, causes to rot, play protective action;
(6), carry out rational rich water quality management there is provided the nutrient and water needed for oriental cherry growth in the present invention, and reasonably spent Phase controls, and not only effectively extends the oriental cherry after oriental cherry florescence, maturation and spends U.S. full of leaves, meets the demand that city people view and admire, With obvious economic and social benefits.
Embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention is expanded on further.These embodiments be merely to illustrate the present invention and without In limitation the scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period, comprises the following steps:
(1), selection of land site preparation
Select loose fertile sandy soil territory as planting site, the pH value of soil is 5.5, and warmer climate is moistened, and air is wet Degree is big, and drainage condition is good;
Deep plough 20cm, is uniformly blended into fallen leaves, rice straw and chicken manure in soil, and by ground flatten it is whole carefully;
(2), seed collection
Selection 10 years lifes, large flower and brilliant colors, morning of blooming, completely filled fruit, no disease and pests harm and the maternal plant of growth on the sunny side, during fruit maturation, Pulp is removed after picking fruit, oriental cherry seed is obtained;
(3), Seeds preprocess
By step(1)Obtained oriental cherry seed is placed in the environment that temperature is 26 DEG C, humidity is 55% and handles 30min, is then placed in 2min is soaked in 2% sodium citrate solution, is taken out, the standardized road 0.2mm of blade indenture, indenture are used in oriental cherry seed side Length for the side seed along along cut direction seed length 1/4, be then placed in seed-soaking liquid and soak 5s, take out;
Prepare bag kind agent, its uniform smearing is wrapped in outside oriental cherry seed, form seed embedding structure, complete to the pre- of seed Processing;
(4), seeding and seedling raising
Prepare seedlings nursing plate, laying depth is 5cm seedling medium, by step(2)Pretreated seed is uniformly sprinkled into nursery base Matter, earthing lid is put down, and water holding ground moistening, when 3 true leaves are grown when coming up, and is chosen the healthy and strong seedling of health, is dug seedling, Prepare to transplant;
(5), transplant
Before transplanting, farm manure is applied in planting site, planting pit is excavated, diameter control is 0.8 ~ 1m, and depth is 0.6m, and spacing in the rows is 1m, line-spacing is 1.5m;
By step(4)Obtained seedling replanting enters planting pit, and the long main root of trimming, during transplanting, first fills out a small amount of soil before transplanting, Seedling is somewhat up carried again, root system is fully extended, then tracks tramping soil, is watered immediately after transplanting;
(6), manage after transplanting
Rich water quality management:A water was filled every 8 days;Annual fertilising twice, for the first time in the winter time or during early spring, using soya-bean cake, chicken Excrement and composting fertilizer organic fertilizer;For the second time after fallen flowers, using the mixed fertilizer of ammonium sulfate, ferrous sulfate and urea;
Blossom-control technics:3 days sprinkling growth regulators before oriental cherry is bloomed, spraying time is between 7 points to 9 points of the morning;
The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Added using botanic powder in 10 times of amount water and be mixed and made into decoction, sprayed when young leaves germinates twice, Sprayed again once after fallen flowers;
Branch-finishing and pruning:At the beginning of 5 months next years, the branch grown on trunk is cut to 6cm length, retains 2, while it is 0.1% to apply concentration Ferrous sulfate aqueous solution.
Wherein, the step(3)Middle bag kind agent includes the raw material that following part is counted:By 25 parts of Aloe Vera Gel, 21 parts of glycerine, honey 8 parts of 18 parts, 15 parts of wolfberry fruit powder, 12 parts of astragalus membranaceus powder and borneol.
Wherein, the step(4)In seedling medium include following part count raw material:35 parts of urea, 32 parts of pine-seed oil, life 28 parts of ginger juice, 25 parts of glycerine, 23 parts of pine sawdust, 15 parts of biogas residue, 12 parts of volcanic ash, 10 parts of humus, 8 parts of sulphur, 5 parts of folium artemisiae argyi and 1 part of soybean residue.
Wherein, the step(5)Set and shelter from heat or light thing around seedling after middle transplanting, after oriental cherry seedling grow to 30cm it is high after go Except the thing that shelters from heat or light.
Wherein, the step(6)Middle growth regulator includes the raw material that following part is counted:15 parts of calcium superphosphate, potassium sulfate 13 Part, 10 parts of boric acid, 7 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 5 parts of gibberellin, tea bush trimmer branch 3 parts and 22 parts of water.
Wherein, the step(6)Middle botanic powder includes the raw material that following part is counted:26 parts of dried orange peel, 23 parts of turmeric, polygonum flaccidum 5 parts of 20 parts, 15 parts of calamus, 12 parts of fennel, 10 parts of Chinese cassia tree, 8 parts of kuh-seng and folium artemisiae argyi.
Wherein, the preparation method of the botanic powder is:By dried orange peel, turmeric, polygonum flaccidum, calamus, fennel, Chinese cassia tree, kuh-seng, Folium artemisiae argyi mixes after drying, in the water for adding 10 times of weight, and heating decocts 1h, and filtering retains filter residue, is crushed after drying, and obtains described Botanic powder.
Wherein, the step(5)In farm manure include following part count raw material:35 parts of maize straw, 32 parts of sheep manure, earthworm 30 parts of earthworm excrement, 27 parts of egg shell, 25 parts of pine needle meal, 23 parts of beet root, 20 parts of tobacco leaf slag, 18 parts of urea, 16 parts of potassium fulvate, sulphur 6 parts of sour 13 parts of zinc, 10 parts of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, 8 parts of calcium sulfate, 8 parts of chitosan and EM bacterium solutions.
Embodiment 2
A kind of oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period, comprises the following steps:
(1), selection of land site preparation
Select loose fertile sandy soil territory as planting site, the pH value of soil is 6.5, and warmer climate is moistened, and air is wet Degree is big, and drainage condition is good;
Deep plough 35cm, is uniformly blended into fallen leaves, rice straw and chicken manure in soil, and by ground flatten it is whole carefully;
(2), seed collection
Selection 15 years lifes, large flower and brilliant colors, morning of blooming, completely filled fruit, no disease and pests harm and the maternal plant of growth on the sunny side, during fruit maturation, Pulp is removed after picking fruit, oriental cherry seed is obtained;
(3), Seeds preprocess
By step(1)Obtained oriental cherry seed is placed in the environment that temperature is 28 DEG C, humidity is 60% and handles 40min, is then placed in 3min is soaked in 3% sodium citrate solution, is taken out, the standardized road 0.3mm of blade indenture, indenture are used in oriental cherry seed side Length for the side seed along along cut direction seed length 1/4, be then placed in seed-soaking liquid and soak 10s, take out;
Prepare bag kind agent, its uniform smearing is wrapped in outside oriental cherry seed, form seed embedding structure, complete to the pre- of seed Processing;
(4), seeding and seedling raising
Prepare seedlings nursing plate, laying depth is 10cm seedling medium, by step(2)Pretreated seed is uniformly sprinkled into nursery base Matter, earthing lid is put down, and water holding ground moistening, when 4 true leaves are grown when coming up, and is chosen the healthy and strong seedling of health, is dug seedling, Prepare to transplant;
(5), transplant
Before transplanting, farm manure is applied in planting site, planting pit is excavated, diameter control is 1m, and depth is 0.7m, and spacing in the rows is 1.5m, line-spacing is 2m;
By step(4)Obtained seedling replanting enters planting pit, and the long main root of trimming, during transplanting, first fills out a small amount of soil before transplanting, Seedling is somewhat up carried again, root system is fully extended, then tracks tramping soil, is watered immediately after transplanting;
(6), manage after transplanting
Rich water quality management:A water was filled every 10 days;It is annual to apply fertilizer twice, when for the first time in the winter time, using soya-bean cake, chicken manure and corruption Ripe fertilizer organic fertilizer;For the second time after fallen flowers, using the mixed fertilizer of ammonium sulfate, ferrous sulfate and urea;
Blossom-control technics:7 days sprinkling growth regulators before oriental cherry is bloomed, spraying time is between 7 points to 9 points of the morning;
The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Added using botanic powder in 20 times of amount water and be mixed and made into decoction, sprayed when young leaves germinates twice, Sprayed again once after fallen flowers;
Branch-finishing and pruning:At the beginning of 5 months next years, the branch grown on trunk is cut to 11cm length, retains 5, while application concentration is 0.3% ferrous sulfate aqueous solution.
Wherein, the step(3)Middle bag kind agent includes the raw material that following part is counted:By 27 parts of Aloe Vera Gel, 23 parts of glycerine, honey 9 parts of 19 parts, 16 parts of wolfberry fruit powder, 13 parts of astragalus membranaceus powder and borneol.
Wherein, the step(4)In seedling medium include following part count raw material:37 parts of urea, 33 parts of pine-seed oil, life 29 parts of ginger juice, 26 parts of glycerine, 24 parts of pine sawdust, 17 parts of biogas residue, 13 parts of volcanic ash, 11 parts of humus, 9 parts of sulphur, 6 parts of folium artemisiae argyi and 2 parts of soybean residue.
Wherein, the step(5)Set and shelter from heat or light thing around seedling after middle transplanting, after oriental cherry seedling grow to 50cm it is high after go Except the thing that shelters from heat or light.
Wherein, the step(6)Middle growth regulator includes the raw material that following part is counted:18 parts of calcium superphosphate, potassium sulfate 14 Part, 12 parts of boric acid, 9 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 7 parts of gibberellin, tea bush trimmer branch 4 parts and 28 parts of water.
Wherein, the step(6)Middle botanic powder includes the raw material that following part is counted:28 parts of dried orange peel, 25 parts of turmeric, polygonum flaccidum 6 parts of 21 parts, 18 parts of calamus, 13 parts of fennel, 11 parts of Chinese cassia tree, 9 parts of kuh-seng and folium artemisiae argyi.
Wherein, the preparation method of the botanic powder is:By dried orange peel, turmeric, polygonum flaccidum, calamus, fennel, Chinese cassia tree, kuh-seng, Folium artemisiae argyi mixes after drying, in the water for adding 15 times of weight, and heating decocts 4h, and filtering retains filter residue, is crushed after drying, and obtains described Botanic powder.
Wherein, the step(5)In farm manure include following part count raw material:37 parts of maize straw, 33 parts of sheep manure, earthworm 31 parts of earthworm excrement, 28 parts of egg shell, 26 parts of pine needle meal, 24 parts of beet root, 21 parts of tobacco leaf slag, 19 parts of urea, 18 parts of potassium fulvate, sulphur 7 parts of sour 15 parts of zinc, 11 parts of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, 9 parts of calcium sulfate, 9 parts of chitosan and EM bacterium solutions.
Embodiment 3
A kind of oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period, comprises the following steps:
(1), selection of land site preparation
Select loose fertile sandy soil territory as planting site, the pH value of soil is 6, and warmer climate is moistened, air humidity Greatly, drainage condition is good;
Deep plough 28cm, is uniformly blended into fallen leaves, rice straw and chicken manure in soil, and by ground flatten it is whole carefully;
(2), seed collection
Selection 12 years lifes, large flower and brilliant colors, morning of blooming, completely filled fruit, no disease and pests harm and the maternal plant of growth on the sunny side, during fruit maturation, Pulp is removed after picking fruit, oriental cherry seed is obtained;
(3), Seeds preprocess
By step(1)Obtained oriental cherry seed is placed in the environment that temperature is 27 DEG C, humidity is 58% and handles 35min, is then placed in 2min is soaked in 2.5% sodium citrate solution, is taken out, the standardized road 0.2mm of blade indenture is used in oriental cherry seed side, it is recessed The length of trace be the side seed along along cut direction seed length 1/4, be then placed in seed-soaking liquid and soak 7s, take out;
Prepare bag kind agent, its uniform smearing is wrapped in outside oriental cherry seed, form seed embedding structure, complete to the pre- of seed Processing;
(4), seeding and seedling raising
Prepare seedlings nursing plate, laying depth is 7cm seedling medium, by step(2)Pretreated seed is uniformly sprinkled into nursery base Matter, earthing lid is put down, and water holding ground moistening, when 3 true leaves are grown when coming up, and is chosen the healthy and strong seedling of health, is dug seedling, Prepare to transplant;
(5), transplant
Before transplanting, farm manure is applied in planting site, planting pit is excavated, diameter control is 0.9m, and depth is 0.6m, and spacing in the rows is 1.2m, line-spacing is 1.7m;
By step(4)Obtained seedling replanting enters planting pit, and the long main root of trimming, during transplanting, first fills out a small amount of soil before transplanting, Seedling is somewhat up carried again, root system is fully extended, then tracks tramping soil, is watered immediately after transplanting;
(6), manage after transplanting
Rich water quality management:A water was filled every 9 days;Annual fertilising twice, for the first time in the winter time or during early spring, using soya-bean cake, chicken Excrement and composting fertilizer organic fertilizer;For the second time after fallen flowers, using the mixed fertilizer of ammonium sulfate, ferrous sulfate and urea;
Blossom-control technics:5 days sprinkling growth regulators before oriental cherry is bloomed, spraying time is between 7 points to 9 points of the morning;
The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Added using botanic powder in 15 times of amount water and be mixed and made into decoction, sprayed when young leaves germinates twice, Sprayed again once after fallen flowers;
Branch-finishing and pruning:At the beginning of 5 months next years, the branch grown on trunk is cut to 8cm length, retains 4, while it is 0.2% to apply concentration Ferrous sulfate aqueous solution.
Wherein, the step(3)Middle bag kind agent includes the raw material that following part is counted:By 26 parts of Aloe Vera Gel, 22 parts of glycerine, honey 8.5 parts of 18.5 parts, 15.5 parts of wolfberry fruit powder, 12.5 parts of astragalus membranaceus powder and borneol.
Wherein, the step(4)In seedling medium include following part count raw material:36 parts of urea, 32.5 parts of pine-seed oil, 28.5 parts of ginger juice, 25.5 parts of glycerine, 23.5 parts of pine sawdust, 16 parts of biogas residue, 12.5 parts of volcanic ash, 10.5 parts of humus, sulphur 1.5 parts of 8.5 parts, 5.5 parts of folium artemisiae argyi and soybean residue.
Wherein, the step(5)Set and shelter from heat or light thing around seedling after middle transplanting, after oriental cherry seedling grow to 40cm it is high after go Except the thing that shelters from heat or light.
Wherein, the step(6)Middle growth regulator includes the raw material that following part is counted:16 parts of calcium superphosphate, potassium sulfate 13.5 parts, 11 parts of boric acid, 8 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 6 parts of gibberellin, tea bush trimmer branch 3.5 parts and 24 parts of water.
Wherein, the step(6)Middle botanic powder includes the raw material that following part is counted:27 parts of dried orange peel, 24 parts of turmeric, polygonum flaccidum 5.5 parts of 20.5 parts, 16 parts of calamus, 12.5 parts of fennel, 10.5 parts of Chinese cassia tree, 8.5 parts of kuh-seng and folium artemisiae argyi.
Wherein, the preparation method of the botanic powder is:By dried orange peel, turmeric, polygonum flaccidum, calamus, fennel, Chinese cassia tree, kuh-seng, Folium artemisiae argyi mixes after drying, in the water for adding 13 times of weight, and heating decocts 2h, and filtering retains filter residue, is crushed after drying, and obtains described Botanic powder.
Wherein, the step(5)In farm manure include following part count raw material:36 parts of maize straw, 32.5 parts of sheep manure, 30.5 parts of wormcast, 27.5 parts of egg shell, 25.5 parts of pine needle meal, 23.5 parts of beet root, 20.5 parts of tobacco leaf slag, 18.5 parts of urea, 17 parts of potassium fulvate, 14 parts of zinc sulfate, 10.5 parts of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, 8.5 parts of calcium sulfate, 8.5 parts of chitosan and EM bacterium solutions 6.5 Part.
The present invention is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, for those skilled in the art, its according to The technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments can so be modified, or which part technical characteristic is equally replaced Change.Within the spirit and principles of the invention, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., should be included in the present invention Protection domain within.

Claims (8)

1. the oriental cherry cultural method of a kind of longer blooming period, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1), selection of land site preparation
Select loose fertile sandy soil territory as planting site, the pH value of soil is 5.5 ~ 6.5, and warmer climate is moistened, empty Gas high humidity, drainage condition is good;
Deep plough 20 ~ 35cm, is uniformly blended into fallen leaves, rice straw and chicken manure in soil, and by ground flatten it is whole carefully;
(2), seed collection
Selection 10 ~ 15 years lifes, large flower and brilliant colors, morning of blooming, completely filled fruit, no disease and pests harm and the maternal plant of growth, fruit maturation on the sunny side When, pulp is removed after picking fruit, obtains oriental cherry seed;
(3), Seeds preprocess
By step(1)Obtained oriental cherry seed be placed in the environment that temperature is 26 ~ 28 DEG C, humidity is 55 ~ 60% processing 30 ~ 40min, is then placed in 2 ~ 3min of immersion in 2 ~ 3% sodium citrate solution, takes out, standardized using blade in oriental cherry seed side 0.2 ~ 0.3mm of road indenture, the length of indenture for the side seed along along cut direction seed length 1/4, be then placed in seed soaking 5 ~ 10s is soaked in liquid, is taken out;
Prepare bag kind agent, its uniform smearing is wrapped in outside oriental cherry seed, form seed embedding structure, complete to the pre- of seed Processing;
(4), seeding and seedling raising
Prepare seedlings nursing plate, laying depth is 5 ~ 10cm seedling medium, by step(2)Pretreated seed is uniformly sprinkled into nursery Matrix, earthing lid is put down, and water holding ground moistening, when 3 ~ 4 true leaves are grown when coming up, and chooses the healthy and strong seedling of health, Seedling is dug, prepares to transplant;
(5), transplant
Before transplanting, farm manure is applied in planting site, planting pit is excavated, diameter control is 0.8 ~ 1m, and depth is 0.6 ~ 0.7m, strain Away from for 1 ~ 1.5m, line-spacing is 1.5 ~ 2m;
By step(4)Obtained seedling replanting enters planting pit, and the long main root of trimming, during transplanting, first fills out a small amount of soil before transplanting, Seedling is somewhat up carried again, root system is fully extended, then tracks tramping soil, is watered immediately after transplanting;
(6), manage after transplanting
Rich water quality management:A water was filled every 8 ~ 10 days;Annual fertilising twice, for the first time in the winter time or during early spring, using soya-bean cake, Chicken manure and composting fertilizer organic fertilizer;For the second time after fallen flowers, using the mixed fertilizer of ammonium sulfate, ferrous sulfate and urea;
Blossom-control technics:3 ~ 7 days sprinkling growth regulators before oriental cherry is bloomed, spraying time is between 7 points to 9 points of the morning;
The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Added using botanic powder in 10 ~ 20 times of amount water and be mixed and made into decoction, spray two when young leaves germinates It is secondary, sprayed again once after fallen flowers;
Branch-finishing and pruning:At the beginning of 5 months next years, the branch grown on trunk is cut to 6 ~ 11cm length, retains 2 ~ 5, while applying concentration For 0.1 ~ 0.3% ferrous sulfate aqueous solution.
2. the oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step(3)Middle bag kind Agent includes the raw material that following part is counted:By 25 ~ 27 parts of Aloe Vera Gel, 21 ~ 23 parts of glycerine, 18 ~ 19 parts of honey, 15 ~ 16 parts of wolfberry fruit powder, Huang 8 ~ 9 parts of 12 ~ 13 parts of stilbene powder and borneol.
3. the oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step(4)In educate Seedling matrix includes the raw material that following part is counted:35 ~ 37 parts of urea, 32 ~ 33 parts of pine-seed oil, 28 ~ 29 parts of ginger juice, 25 ~ 26 parts of glycerine, 23 ~ 24 parts of pine sawdust, 15 ~ 17 parts of biogas residue, 12 ~ 13 parts of volcanic ash, 10 ~ 11 parts of humus, 8 ~ 9 parts of sulphur, 5 ~ 6 parts of folium artemisiae argyi and beans Rotten 1 ~ 2 part of slag.
4. the oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step(5)It is middle to transplant Set and shelter from heat or light thing around seedling afterwards, after oriental cherry seedling grow to 30 ~ 50cm it is high after removal shelter from heat or light thing.
5. the oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step(6)Middle growth Conditioning agent includes the raw material that following part is counted:15 ~ 18 parts of calcium superphosphate, 13 ~ 14 parts of potassium sulfate, 10 ~ 12 parts of boric acid, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 22 ~ 28 parts of 7 ~ 9 parts, 5 ~ 7 parts of gibberellin, 3 ~ 4 parts of tea bush trimmer branch and water.
6. the oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step(6)Middle plant Source pulvis includes the raw material that following part is counted:26 ~ 28 parts of dried orange peel, 23 ~ 25 parts of turmeric, 20 ~ 21 parts of polygonum flaccidum, 15 ~ 18 parts of calamus, fennel 5 ~ 6 parts of 12 ~ 13 parts, 10 ~ 11 parts of Chinese cassia tree, 8 ~ 9 parts of kuh-seng and folium artemisiae argyi.
7. the oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the system of the botanic powder Preparation Method is:Mixed after dried orange peel, turmeric, polygonum flaccidum, calamus, fennel, Chinese cassia tree, kuh-seng, folium artemisiae argyi are dried, add 10 ~ 15 times of weight Water in, heating decoct 1 ~ 4h, filtering retain filter residue, after drying crush, obtain the botanic powder.
8. the oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step(5)In agriculture The raw material that family's fertilizer is counted including following part:35 ~ 37 parts of maize straw, 32 ~ 33 parts of sheep manure, 30 ~ 31 parts of wormcast, egg shell 27 ~ 28 Part, 25 ~ 26 parts of pine needle meal, 23 ~ 24 parts of beet root, 20 ~ 21 parts of tobacco leaf slag, 18 ~ 19 parts of urea, 16 ~ 18 parts of potassium fulvate, sulfuric acid 6 ~ 7 parts of 13 ~ 15 parts of zinc, 10 ~ 11 parts of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, 8 ~ 9 parts of calcium sulfate, 8 ~ 9 parts of chitosan and EM bacterium solutions.
CN201710568083.8A 2017-07-13 2017-07-13 A kind of oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period Withdrawn CN107172914A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108040639A (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-05-18 合肥申沃园艺有限公司 A kind of cuttage planting method of plum blossom
CN108338035A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-07-31 合肥百绿盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of highway planting slope surface cuckoo and Euonymus japonicus
CN108432537A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-08-24 武汉市园林科学研究院 A kind of rejuvenating method of the big tree of oriental cherry
CN109089688A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-12-28 江苏农林职业技术学院 A kind of oriental cherry method for potted
CN109156198A (en) * 2018-09-17 2019-01-08 山西林业职业技术学院 A method of promotion Chinese wistaria is bloomed and blooming period prolonging
CN110476692A (en) * 2019-09-23 2019-11-22 成都环美园林生态股份有限公司 A kind of hair oriental cherry method for planting in the above plateau city of four kms

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108040639A (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-05-18 合肥申沃园艺有限公司 A kind of cuttage planting method of plum blossom
CN108338035A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-07-31 合肥百绿盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of highway planting slope surface cuckoo and Euonymus japonicus
CN108432537A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-08-24 武汉市园林科学研究院 A kind of rejuvenating method of the big tree of oriental cherry
CN109089688A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-12-28 江苏农林职业技术学院 A kind of oriental cherry method for potted
CN109156198A (en) * 2018-09-17 2019-01-08 山西林业职业技术学院 A method of promotion Chinese wistaria is bloomed and blooming period prolonging
CN110476692A (en) * 2019-09-23 2019-11-22 成都环美园林生态股份有限公司 A kind of hair oriental cherry method for planting in the above plateau city of four kms
CN110476692B (en) * 2019-09-23 2022-04-08 成都环美园林生态股份有限公司 Method for planting prunus tomentosa in plateau city with height of more than four kilometers

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Application publication date: 20170919