CN107089849A - A kind of cottage method of oil tea - Google Patents

A kind of cottage method of oil tea Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107089849A
CN107089849A CN201710357104.1A CN201710357104A CN107089849A CN 107089849 A CN107089849 A CN 107089849A CN 201710357104 A CN201710357104 A CN 201710357104A CN 107089849 A CN107089849 A CN 107089849A
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weight
parts
oil tea
cuttage
seedling medium
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麦丽
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B17/00Other phosphatic fertilisers, e.g. soft rock phosphates, bone meal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N33/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic nitrogen compounds
    • A01N33/16Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic nitrogen compounds containing nitrogen-to-oxygen bonds
    • A01N33/18Nitro compounds
    • A01N33/20Nitro compounds containing oxygen or sulfur attached to the carbon skeleton containing the nitro group
    • A01N33/22Nitro compounds containing oxygen or sulfur attached to the carbon skeleton containing the nitro group having at least one oxygen or sulfur atom and at least one nitro group directly attached to the same aromatic ring system
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N37/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most two bonds to halogen, e.g. carboxylic acids
    • A01N37/10Aromatic or araliphatic carboxylic acids, or thio analogues thereof; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/34Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
    • A01N43/36Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings
    • A01N43/38Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings condensed with carbocyclic rings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention belongs to agricultural technology field, a kind of cottage method of oil tea is disclosed, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:(1) selection of cuttage branch;(2) preparation of seedling medium;(3) cuttage;(4) hardening is cultivated.The advantage of the application is:The survival rate of cuttage seeding can be improved, survival rate by seedling medium nursery can reach more than 95%, and the survival ability for the cuttage seeding for going out garden after hardening matrix hardening is stronger, and root development is more sturdy, the economic benefit of oil tea plantation is ensure that, promotes the development of camellia oleiferaindustry.

Description

A kind of cottage method of oil tea
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural technology field, more particularly to a kind of cottage method of oil tea.
Background technology
Camellia, also known as camellia, plant of theaceae, category evergreen shrubs and dungarunga.Ancient name sea pomegranate.Have Yu Ming flower, it is resistance to The alias such as winter or datura, is divided into East China camellia, river camellia and late camellia again.The kind of camellia is extremely more, is Chinese tradition Ranking the 7th in ornamental flower, " ten big famous flowers ", is also one of world's famous flower and tree.It is distributed in Chongqing, Zhejiang, Sichuan, Jiangxi And Shandong;Japan, the Korea peninsula are also distributed.
Camellia is evergreen broadleaved shrub or dungarunga.Branch yellowish-brown, sprig is in green or green purple to puce.Blade Keratin, alternate, ellipse, oblong, avette to obovate, long 4-10cm, tip is tapering or anxious sharp, base portion wedge shape to nearly half There is sawtooth at circle, edge, and face of blade is bottle green, and most glossy, the back side is thin, blade Glabrous, and petiole tubbiness has Pubescence is hairless.Both sexes are spent, Chang Dansheng or 2-3 are born between branch top or axil.Bennet is extremely short or unobvious, luxuriant calyx 9- 10, imbricate arrangement, by fine hair.Flower single-lobe, petal 5-7 pieces, in 1-2 wheel imbricate arrangements, flower diameter 5-6cm, color is big Red, petal tip has recessed or breach, and base portion adhesion is integral and is in simple shape;Stamen is flourishing, up to more than 100 pieces, filigree white or There is blush, base portion adhesion gathers fickle in love into tubular, flower pesticide is golden yellow;Stamen development is normal, ovary Glabrous, 3-4 rooms, flower Post is single, and column cap 3-5 splits, and setting percentage is high.Shady fruit is circular, shell essenceization, and maturation eats fruit can be natural from dorsal suture cracking, and shed kind Son.
But due in the prior art, however, for the cultivation of oil tea seedling, generally existing oil tea survival rate is low, hardly possible, which is planted, lives, and leads Cause cost high, camellia oleiferaindustry developing steps are slow.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to:For above-mentioned problem there is provided a kind of cottage method of oil tea, cuttage can be improved The survival rate of seedling, the survival rate by seedling medium nursery can reach more than 95%, and garden is gone out after hardening matrix hardening The survival ability of cuttage seeding is stronger, and root development is more sturdy, it is ensured that the economic benefit of oil tea plantation, promotes camellia oleiferaindustry Development.
In order to realize foregoing invention purpose, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of cottage method of oil tea, comprises the following steps:
(1) selection of cuttage branch:Select in tree crown periphery, top leaf bud is full gives birth to lignifying, no disease and pests harm then The summer shoot of the spring tip or semi-lignified is cuttage seeding;
(2) preparation of seedling medium:By charcoal 10-15 parts by weight, activation selenium mineral powder 5-10 parts by weight, abandoned vinasse slag 5-12 parts by weight, bone meal 6-13 parts by weight, bentonite 4-14 parts by weight, Radix Isatidis 9-13 parts by weight, honewort 6-17 parts by weight, Semen Strychni 4-6 parts by weight, folium artemisiae argyi 5-6 parts by weight, pomelo peel 4-6 parts by weight, radix glycyrrhizae 1-4 parts by weight, birds droppings 8-15 parts by weight, chicken Seedling medium is made in excrement 6-17 parts by weight;
(3) cuttage:The bottom of the cuttage branch chosen is subjected to inclined-plane trimming, then the beveled ends trimmed are used Water of taking root soaks 5s, then dips in and touches yellow soil mud, then inserts in seedling medium cuttage branch, then pours root water, It is 50-55% that seedling medium humidity is kept during nursery, and control temperature is at 22-25 DEG C until cuttage branch grows sprouting;
(4) hardening is cultivated:After sprouting 15-20 days is grown by obtained oil tea transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, keep empty Air humidity degree is 55%, and temperature is 25-27 DEG C, and hardening can go out garden after cultivating 60-90 days.
Preferably, the seedling medium is specifically to be prepared by following methods:
The first step:In parts by weight, by Radix Isatidis 9-13 parts by weight, honewort 6-17 parts by weight, Semen Strychni 4-6 weights Amount part, folium artemisiae argyi 5-6 parts by weight, pomelo peel 4-6 parts by weight, radix glycyrrhizae 1-4 parts by weight co-grindings cross 10 mesh sieves;
Second step:The material mixing activated after selenium mineral powder, abandoned vinasse slag, birds droppings, chicken manure and previous step processing is built Heap is fermented 8-12 days, and then bone meal and charcoal are mixed with building the fermentate after heap ferments and can obtain seedling medium.
Preferably, the charcoal is prepared by following raw material:Bamboo discarded object is carried out to crush 100 mesh sieves Mixed afterwards with red phosphorus according to 50: 1 weight ratio, then add anaerobic in retort and carbonize, 20- is carbonized at a temperature of 900-1000 DEG C 30min, is then reduced to 300-350 DEG C by temperature and adds and account for the butanedioic acid of gross mass 1% and be stirred 10-15min, then It is down to normal temperature and can obtain charcoal.
Preferably, the root water is by Nafusaku 1-3 parts by weight, compound sodium nitrophenolate 2-5 parts by weight, indolebutyric acid 2-6 Parts by weight, water 100-150 parts by weight are mixed to get.
Preferably, the hardening matrix is by corncob 10-20 parts by weight, pinecone 10-18 parts by weight, maize straw 10- Shredded after the mixing of 16 parts by weight to 3-5cm, then with pig manure 10-13 parts by weight, watermelon peel 8-15 parts by weight, corrosion leaf 8-15 Parts by weight, the mixing of cellulose-degrading bacteria 0.1-0.3 parts by weight are built heap and fermented 15-18 days.
In summary, by adopting the above-described technical solution, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
In composition in seedling medium of the present invention skewer can be provided rich in substantial amounts of cellulose, carbon source, organic matter, trace element The good growing environment of bar of transplanting, and a variety of Chinese herb medicines have been used, interaction can be by the element of decomposition by cuttage branch Absorb, resistance against diseases is improved, so as to improve survival rate;Hardening matrix be in order to preferably select the cuttage seeding that viability is strong, On the one hand it is the quality from the cuttage seeding obtained by seedling medium in itself, but still further aspect, can be from hardening matrix The further survival rate for improving or improving cuttage seeding, the hardening matrix of the application has good hydrophobic, water holding capacity, carbon Nitrogen source is enriched, and quick-acting potassium elements reach 221-229ppm, rapid available phosphorus 99-112ppm, nitre state ammonia 189-224ppm, are planted by hardening Cuttage seeding after training has more preferable resistivity, and survival rate is greatly improved.Go out the cuttage seeding in garden by the application method cuttage Field planting survival rate reaches more than 95%, speed of germination increase, the point of germination at least 3-5.
Embodiment
All features disclosed in this specification, or disclosed all methods or during the step of, except mutually exclusive Feature and/or step beyond, can combine in any way.
Any feature disclosed in this specification (including any accessory claim, summary), unless specifically stated otherwise, Replaced by other equivalent or with similar purpose alternative features.I.e., unless specifically stated otherwise, each feature is a series of An example in equivalent or similar characteristics.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of cottage method of oil tea, comprises the following steps:
(1) selection of cuttage branch:Select in tree crown periphery, top leaf bud is full gives birth to lignifying, no disease and pests harm then The spring tip is cuttage seeding;
(2) preparation of seedling medium:
The first step:Bamboo discarded object crushed after 100 mesh sieves and mixed with red phosphorus according to 50: 1 weight ratio, then Add anaerobic in retort to carbonize, carbonize 24min at a temperature of 950 DEG C, temperature is then reduced to 300-350 DEG C added and account for total The butanedioic acid of quality 1% is stirred 12min, is then down to normal temperature and can obtain charcoal;
Second step:In parts by weight, by the parts by weight of Radix Isatidis 10, the parts by weight of honewort 12, the parts by weight of Semen Strychni 5, The parts by weight of folium artemisiae argyi 5.5, the parts by weight of pomelo peel 5, the parts by weight co-grinding of radix glycyrrhizae 3 cross 10 mesh sieves;
3rd step:Will activation selenium mineral powder 7 parts by weight, the parts by weight of abandoned vinasse slag 9, the parts by weight of birds droppings 12, the weight of chicken manure 13 Material mixing after part being handled with previous step is built heap and fermented 10 days, then by the parts by weight of bone meal 9 and the parts by weight of charcoal 13 and The fermentate mixing built after heap fermentation can obtain seedling medium.
(3) cuttage:The bottom of the cuttage branch chosen is subjected to inclined-plane trimming, then the beveled ends trimmed are used Water of taking root soaks 5s, then dips in and touches yellow soil mud, then inserts in seedling medium cuttage branch, then pours methyl α-naphthyl acetate The root water that the parts by weight of sodium 2, the parts by weight of compound sodium nitrophenolate 4, the parts by weight of indolebutyric acid 4, the parts by weight of water 128 are mixed to get, nursery stage Between keep seedling medium humidity to be 53%, control temperature is at 23 DEG C until cuttage branch grows sprouting;
(4) hardening is cultivated:By obtained oil tea transplantation of seedlings to by the parts by weight of corncob 15, the pinecone after sprouting 18 days is grown Shredded after 13 parts by weight, the mixing of the parts by weight of maize straw 13 to 4cm, then with the parts by weight of pig manure 12, the parts by weight of watermelon peel 12, corruption Erosion leaf 8-15 parts by weight, the mixing of the parts by weight of cellulose-degrading bacteria 0.2 are built in heap 16 days i.e. available hardening matrix of fermentation, are protected It is 55% to hold air humidity, and temperature is 26 DEG C, and hardening can go out garden after cultivating 70 days.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of cottage method of oil tea, comprises the following steps:
(1) selection of cuttage branch:Select in tree crown periphery, the summer shoot for giving birth to semi-lignified then that top leaf bud is full is skewer Seedlings plugging;
(2) preparation of seedling medium:
The first step:Bamboo discarded object crushed after 100 mesh sieves and mixed with red phosphorus according to 50: 1 weight ratio, then Add anaerobic in retort to carbonize, carbonize 30min at a temperature of 1000 DEG C, temperature is then reduced to 350 DEG C added and account for total matter The butanedioic acid of amount 1% is stirred 15min, is then down to normal temperature and can obtain charcoal;
Second step:In parts by weight, by the parts by weight of Radix Isatidis 13, the parts by weight of honewort 17, the parts by weight of Semen Strychni 6, The parts by weight of folium artemisiae argyi 6, the parts by weight of pomelo peel 6, the parts by weight co-grinding of radix glycyrrhizae 4 cross 10 mesh sieves;
3rd step:Will activation selenium mineral powder 10 parts by weight, the parts by weight of abandoned vinasse slag 12, the parts by weight of birds droppings 15, the weight of chicken manure 17 Material mixing after amount part is handled with previous step builds heap fermentation 12 days, then by the parts by weight of bone meal 13 and the parts by weight of charcoal 15 Mix with building the fermentate after heap fermentation and can obtain seedling medium.
(3) cuttage:The bottom of the cuttage branch chosen is subjected to inclined-plane trimming, then the beveled ends trimmed are used Water of taking root soaks 5s, then dips in and touches yellow soil mud, then inserts in seedling medium cuttage branch, then pours methyl α-naphthyl acetate The root water that the parts by weight of sodium 3, the parts by weight of compound sodium nitrophenolate 5, the parts by weight of indolebutyric acid 6, the parts by weight of water 150 are mixed to get, nursery stage Between keep seedling medium humidity to be 55%, control temperature is at 25 DEG C until cuttage branch grows sprouting;
(4) hardening is cultivated:By obtained oil tea transplantation of seedlings to by the parts by weight of corncob 20, the pinecone after sprouting 20 days is grown Shredded after 18 parts by weight, the mixing of the parts by weight of maize straw 16 to 5cm, then with the parts by weight of pig manure 13, the parts by weight of watermelon peel 15, corruption Erosion leaf 15 parts by weight, the mixing of the parts by weight of cellulose-degrading bacteria 0.3 are built in heap 18 days i.e. available hardening matrix of fermentation, are kept Air humidity is 55%, and temperature is 27 DEG C, and hardening can go out garden after cultivating 90 days.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of cottage method of oil tea, comprises the following steps:
(1) selection of cuttage branch:Select in tree crown periphery, top leaf bud is full gives birth to lignifying, no disease and pests harm then The spring tip is cuttage seeding;
(2) preparation of seedling medium:
The first step:Bamboo discarded object crushed after 100 mesh sieves and mixed with red phosphorus according to 50: 1 weight ratio, then Add anaerobic in retort to carbonize, carbonize 20min at a temperature of 900 DEG C, temperature is then reduced to 300 DEG C added and account for gross mass 1% butanedioic acid is stirred 10min, is then down to normal temperature and can obtain charcoal;
Second step:In parts by weight, by the parts by weight of Radix Isatidis 9, the parts by weight of honewort 6, the parts by weight of Semen Strychni 4, Chinese mugwort The parts by weight of leaf 5, the parts by weight of pomelo peel 4, the parts by weight co-grinding of radix glycyrrhizae 1 cross 10 mesh sieves;
3rd step:Will activation selenium mineral powder 5 parts by weight, the parts by weight of abandoned vinasse slag 5, the parts by weight of birds droppings 8, the parts by weight of chicken manure 6 Heap is built with the material mixing after previous step processing to ferment 8 days, then by the parts by weight of bone meal 6 and the parts by weight of charcoal 10 and Jian Dui Fermentate mixing after fermentation can obtain seedling medium.
(3) cuttage:The bottom of the cuttage branch chosen is subjected to inclined-plane trimming, then the beveled ends trimmed are used Water of taking root soaks 5s, then dips in and touches yellow soil mud, then inserts in seedling medium cuttage branch, then pours methyl α-naphthyl acetate The root water that the parts by weight of sodium 1, the parts by weight of compound sodium nitrophenolate 2, the parts by weight of indolebutyric acid 2, the parts by weight of water 100 are mixed to get, nursery stage Between keep seedling medium humidity to be 50%, control temperature is at 22 DEG C until cuttage branch grows sprouting;
(4) hardening is cultivated:By obtained oil tea transplantation of seedlings to by the parts by weight of corncob 1, the pinecone after sprouting 15 days is grown Shredded after 10 parts by weight, the mixing of the parts by weight of maize straw 10 to 3cm, then with the parts by weight of pig manure 10, the parts by weight of watermelon peel 8, corruption Erosion leaf 8 parts by weight, the mixing of the parts by weight of cellulose-degrading bacteria 0.1 are built in heap 15 days i.e. available hardening matrix of fermentation, are kept Air humidity is 55%, and temperature is 25 DEG C, and hardening can go out garden after cultivating 60 days.
Embodiment 4:
A kind of cottage method of oil tea, essentially identical with the step of embodiment 3, difference is:Using root water but Replaced using running water.Five plants of cuttage seedings of 5 positions are randomly selected in cuttage while embodiment 3-4 after 20 days, record every plant Long radical is respectively 15,5.
Embodiment 5:
A kind of cottage method of oil tea, essentially identical with the step of embodiment 3, difference is:Not using the refining applied very much Seedling matrix and be directly colonized using common field.Survival rate is respectively 100% and 85% after embodiment 3-5 kinds are planted 8 months.
Embodiment 6:
A kind of cottage method of oil tea, essentially identical with the step of embodiment 3, difference is:There is no seedling medium not make Use charcoal.Survival rate is respectively 100% and 89% after embodiment 3-6 kinds are planted 1 month.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of cottage method of oil tea, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) selection of cuttage branch:Select tree crown periphery in, top leaf bud it is full then give birth to lignifying, the spring tip of no disease and pests harm Or the summer shoot of semi-lignified is cuttage seeding;
(2) preparation of seedling medium:By charcoal 10-15 parts by weight, activation selenium mineral powder 5-10 parts by weight, abandoned vinasse slag 5-12 Parts by weight, bone meal 6-13 parts by weight, bentonite 4-14 parts by weight, Radix Isatidis 9-13 parts by weight, honewort 6-17 parts by weight, Ma Qian Sub- 4-6 parts by weight, folium artemisiae argyi 5-6 parts by weight, pomelo peel 4-6 parts by weight, radix glycyrrhizae 1-4 parts by weight, birds droppings 8-15 parts by weight, chicken manure 6- Seedling medium is made in 17 parts by weight;
(3) cuttage:The bottom of the cuttage branch chosen is subjected to inclined-plane trimming, then by the beveled ends trimmed with taking root Water soaks 5s, then dips in and touches yellow soil mud, then inserts in seedling medium cuttage branch, then pours root water, nursery Period keeps seedling medium humidity to be 50-55%, and control temperature is at 22-25 DEG C until cuttage branch grows sprouting;
(4) hardening is cultivated:After sprouting 15-20 days is grown by obtained oil tea transplantation of seedlings into hardening matrix, keep air wet Spend for 55%, temperature is 25-27 DEG C, and hardening can go out garden after cultivating 60-90 days.
2. the cottage method of oil tea according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the seedling medium is specific by with lower section What method was prepared:
The first step:In parts by weight, by Radix Isatidis 9-13 parts by weight, honewort 6-17 parts by weight, Semen Strychni 4-6 weight Part, folium artemisiae argyi 5-6 parts by weight, pomelo peel 4-6 parts by weight, radix glycyrrhizae 1-4 parts by weight co-grindings cross 10 mesh sieves;
Second step:The material mixing activated after selenium mineral powder, abandoned vinasse slag, birds droppings, chicken manure and previous step processing is built into heap hair Ferment 8-12 days, then bone meal and charcoal mixed with building the fermentate after heap fermentation can obtain seedling medium.
3. the cottage method of oil tea according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the charcoal is by following raw material Prepare:Bamboo discarded object crushed after 100 mesh sieves and mixed with red phosphorus according to 50: 1 weight ratio, is then added Anaerobic is carbonized in retort, carbonizes 20-30min at a temperature of 900-1000 DEG C, temperature then is reduced into 300-350 DEG C adds The butanedioic acid for accounting for gross mass 1% is stirred 10-15min, is then down to normal temperature and can obtain charcoal.
4. the cottage method of oil tea according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the root water is by Nafusaku 1-3 Parts by weight, compound sodium nitrophenolate 2-5 parts by weight, indolebutyric acid 2-6 parts by weight, water 100-150 parts by weight are mixed to get.
5. the cottage method of oil tea according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the hardening matrix is by corncob 10- Shredded after 20 parts by weight, pinecone 10-18 parts by weight, the mixing of maize straw 10-16 parts by weight to 3-5cm, then with pig manure 10-13 Heap is built in parts by weight, watermelon peel 8-15 parts by weight, corrosion leaf 8-15 parts by weight, the mixing of cellulose-degrading bacteria 0.1-0.3 parts by weight Fermentation 15-18 days.
CN201710357104.1A 2017-05-10 2017-05-10 A kind of cottage method of oil tea Pending CN107089849A (en)

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CN107624485A (en) * 2017-10-12 2018-01-26 安徽省龙成生态农业有限公司 A kind of high-survival rate Camellia oleifera Cutting Seedling Raising method
CN107646500A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-02-02 安徽省龙成生态农业有限公司 A kind of cottage method of oil tea
CN107711241A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-23 东兰县旺达板栗茶油种植专业合作社 A kind of method that soybean is planted between tea oil tree
CN108781812A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-11-13 海南省农业科学院热带园艺研究所 A kind of oil tea quickly rich root seedling cuttage and seedling culture method, seedling medium, root-growing agent
CN109169172A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-01-11 黑龙江省林业科学研究所 A kind of sea-buckthorn cutting medium and the breeding method of sea-buckthorn
CN113348884A (en) * 2021-06-23 2021-09-07 福建省农业科学院农业生物资源研究所 Kalimeris indica semi-hardwood cutting seedling method

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CN105272762A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-01-27 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Tea-oil tree seedling culture light matrix and preparing method and application thereof
CN106069552A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-11-09 陶灵娥 A kind of oil tea asexual reproduction method
CN106105999A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-11-16 陶灵娥 A kind of oil tea cuttage breeding method
CN106234122A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-12-21 陶灵娥 A kind of oil tea high-survival rate cuttage breeding method

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CN104303857A (en) * 2014-11-11 2015-01-28 蓝山县郁葱林业有限责任公司 Method for cultivating tea-oil tree grafting cutting seedling through light matrix
CN105272762A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-01-27 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Tea-oil tree seedling culture light matrix and preparing method and application thereof
CN106069552A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-11-09 陶灵娥 A kind of oil tea asexual reproduction method
CN106105999A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-11-16 陶灵娥 A kind of oil tea cuttage breeding method
CN106234122A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-12-21 陶灵娥 A kind of oil tea high-survival rate cuttage breeding method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107711241A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-23 东兰县旺达板栗茶油种植专业合作社 A kind of method that soybean is planted between tea oil tree
CN107624485A (en) * 2017-10-12 2018-01-26 安徽省龙成生态农业有限公司 A kind of high-survival rate Camellia oleifera Cutting Seedling Raising method
CN107646500A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-02-02 安徽省龙成生态农业有限公司 A kind of cottage method of oil tea
CN108781812A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-11-13 海南省农业科学院热带园艺研究所 A kind of oil tea quickly rich root seedling cuttage and seedling culture method, seedling medium, root-growing agent
CN109169172A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-01-11 黑龙江省林业科学研究所 A kind of sea-buckthorn cutting medium and the breeding method of sea-buckthorn
CN113348884A (en) * 2021-06-23 2021-09-07 福建省农业科学院农业生物资源研究所 Kalimeris indica semi-hardwood cutting seedling method

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Application publication date: 20170825