CN107080064A - A kind of feed and the cultural method of ox for being suitable to come into being to the XIMEN Qin feed at 3 monthly ages - Google Patents

A kind of feed and the cultural method of ox for being suitable to come into being to the XIMEN Qin feed at 3 monthly ages Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107080064A
CN107080064A CN201710331707.4A CN201710331707A CN107080064A CN 107080064 A CN107080064 A CN 107080064A CN 201710331707 A CN201710331707 A CN 201710331707A CN 107080064 A CN107080064 A CN 107080064A
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weight
parts
feed
fine fodder
ximen
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林泽银
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Simmental Cow Breeding Co Huangping County
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Simmental Cow Breeding Co Huangping County
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of feed and the cultural method of ox for being suitable to come into being to the XIMEN Qin feed at 3 monthly ages, belong to livestock-raising technical field.The feed includes leaf mustard cake, cotton dregs, corn, the wheat containing DDGS, sodium chloride, dairy products, beet pulp, bean curd stick, dry dried mushroom, spirulina, shrimp shell, Juice, rhizoma pinellinae praeparata, the Radix Astragali, hawthorn, kudzu-vine root powder, honeysuckle, radish seed, cuttlebone, inular flower and honey.Above-mentioned feed nutrition is comprehensively and balanced, it is easy to digests and assimilates, can preferably promote the growth come into being to the XIMEN Qin at 3 monthly ages, and the cud of ox is had preferable digestive function.Above-mentioned feed is fed, is then driven after Niu Yundong at least 10min, assist digestion operation is carried out to ox, the growth potential of the stage ox can be played to greatest extent, is improved food conversion ratio and the price of deed.

Description

A kind of feed of XIMEN Qin feed for being suitable to come into being to 3 monthly ages and supporting for ox Grow method
Technical field
The present invention relates to livestock-raising technical field, and more particularly to a kind of Simmental mother for being suitable to come into being to 3 monthly ages The feed of ox feed and the cultural method of ox.
Background technology
Beef is one of main meat product of China, and its sales volume is only second to pork.Beef protein content is high, and fat Fat content is low, delicious flavour, enjoys the laudatory title of " favourite son in meat ".China is herding big country in the world, with living standards of the people Raising, the adjustment of diet structure, people are on the increase to the demand of beef, and beef price is stablized and remains higher relatively Level, increasing people using cowboying as investment of getting rich good project.But current most of regional breeding way are still thick Formula feeding management is put, causes that ox growth cycle is long, meat is not good, and the illness rate of ox is higher.
Also, the food of ox is mainly roughage in extensive style cultivation, it is impossible to meet its demand to various nutrition, it is necessary to The certain concentrated feed of supplement.And traditional roughage is so as to by the higher ensiling forage of crude fiber content, agricultural byproducts class, dry old Leaf class is constituted.Although such roughage has the characteristics of source is wide, cost is low, it is of low nutritive value, and crude fiber content is high, Palatability is poor, and digestibility is low.Because of the whether healthy digestion and absorption function for being directly connected to it to food of the cud of ruminant, But the cud of current most of ruminants is all easily ill.
The content of the invention
An object of the present invention is a kind of feed for being suitable to come into being to the XIMEN Qin feed at 3 monthly ages of offer, The feed nutrition is comprehensively and balanced, it is easy to digest and assimilate, and has the work for preferably promoting growth to the ox in the growth phase With traditional Chinese medicine ingredients contained therein can maintain the cud of cow to have preferable digestive function.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cultural method of ox, this method is simple, can to greatest extent play and educate The XIMEN Qin come into being to 3 monthly ages is to the digestion power of food, so as to improve growth potential, feed conversion rate and feed report Reward.
The present invention is solved its technical problem and realized using following technical scheme:
The present invention proposes a kind of feed for being suitable to come into being to the XIMEN Qin feed at 3 monthly ages, and the feed includes fine fodder And auxiliary material.Wherein, the leaf mustard cake of fine fodder including 40-60 parts by weight, the cotton dregs of 20-30 parts by weight, the corn of 40-60 parts by weight, The wheats containing DDGS of 15-20 parts by weight, the sodium chloride of 8-18 parts by weight, the dairy products of 5-10 parts by weight, 2-4 parts by weight Beet pulp, the bean curd stick of 2-4 parts by weight, the dry dried mushroom of 1-5 parts by weight, the spirulina of 3-5 parts by weight, the shrimp shell of 5-8 parts by weight and The Juice of 6-10 parts by weight.
Auxiliary material includes rhizoma pinellinae praeparata, the Radix Astragali of 0.5-1 parts by weight, the hawthorn of 0.8-1.2 parts by weight, the 1- of 1-1.5 parts by weight The kudzu-vine root powders of 1.4 parts by weight, the honeysuckle of 0.8-1.2 parts by weight, the radish seed of 0.1-0.2 parts by weight, 0.3-0.5 parts by weight The honey of cuttlebone, the inular flower of 0.2-0.4 parts by weight and 0.6-1 parts by weight.
The present invention also proposes a kind of feeding method of ox, i.e., to coming into being to the XIMEN Qin at 3 monthly ages, feed above-mentioned feeding Material, is then driven after Niu Yundong at least 10min, and assist digestion operation is carried out to ox.
The beneficial effect of cultural method for the ox that present pre-ferred embodiments are provided is:Feed drives Niu Yundong after terminating, On the one hand the enterogastric peristalsis of ox can be promoted, digestion power is improved;On the other hand, its blood circulation is conducive to, to promote after digestion Nutriment be supplied in each position of body in time.Post exercise Niu Jinhang assist digestions are operated, on the one hand can be to ox Cud is nursed one's health and releived passages through which vital energy circulates, and the nutriment in feed on the other hand can be enable fully to digest and absorb, and is improved and is raised The utilization rate and conversion ratio of material.The species of feed contained substance and nutrition are relatively enriched, and have to the ox in the growth phase Preferably promote the effect of growth, the wherein traditional Chinese medicine ingredients contained by auxiliary material have digestion promoting function, on the one hand can produce pin to ox stomach To the opsonic action of property;On the other hand, by using traditional Chinese medicine ingredients substitute antibiotics, moreover it is possible to reduce institute after people's feed beef or milk The indirect injury of generation.Secondly, composition selected by above-mentioned feed is cheap or moderate and equal safety non-toxic, can not only effectively promote Enter the fast-growth of the ox in fattening period stage, reduce its rate of falling ill, moreover it is possible to reduce aquaculture cost, improve fanning economics.
Embodiment
, below will be in the embodiment of the present invention to make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer Technical scheme be clearly and completely described.Unreceipted actual conditions person, builds according to normal condition or manufacturer in embodiment The condition of view is carried out.Agents useful for same or the unreceipted production firm person of instrument, are the conventional production that can be obtained by commercially available purchase Product.
Feed and the cultural method of ox below to the embodiment of the present invention is specifically described.
Feed in the embodiment of the present invention, is mainly used for feeding the XIMEN Qin come into being to 3 monthly ages.
Because the ox come into being to 3 stages at monthly age is in growth early stage, physique and organ are smaller, and the demand to food is not It is especially big, therefore ox in stage can for example feed twice, to avoid the occurrence of having indigestion situation daily to this.Optionally, feed Time can be respectively daily 9-12 points and 16-17 points.
After ox feed terminates, Niu Yundong at least 10min are driven, on the one hand can promote the enterogastric peristalsis of ox, digestion is improved Ability;On the other hand, its blood circulation is conducive to, to promote postdigestive nutriment to be supplied in each position of body in time. The stomach for terminating the ox that rear vigorous exercise may be weaker to constitution in view of just feed can have a negative impact, and motion can be slow Speed walking or pitch of the laps or swimming, but preferably avoid the mode quickly run.It is big after feed food because Niu Tiji is larger Majority is all unwilling motion, therefore culturist can attract attention and the interest of ox with its material liked, for example according to the hobby of ox Attract the attention of ox in the direction in face of ox head portion with red cloth or rod bar, and then drive it towards cloth and rod bar place Move position.
Feed in the present embodiment includes fine fodder and auxiliary material, and wherein fine fodder mainly provides nutriment for ox, and auxiliary material Opsonic action mainly is played to the cud of ox by contained traditional Chinese medicine ingredients., can be by fine fodder and auxiliary during specific feeding Material mixing is latter with feeding cow, and after after its motion, assist digestion operation is carried out to it.In addition, also fine fodder first can be fed to ox, After fine fodder has been fed, Niu Yundong 10-15min are driven, auxiliary material is then fed again.After auxiliary material has been fed, then ox is carried out auxiliary Digestant operation.It is partial digested that the method that fine fodder and auxiliary material are separately fed can be such that cud is first carried out to fine fodder, then remaining Part absorbed again in the presence of auxiliary material, so as to improve the conversion ratio of feed.
Optionally, the operation that cow digestion is aided in the present embodiment for example can be to the back of cow and belly by Rub 20-30min.Most preferably, massage position selection is between the last rib trailing edge of ox and first lumbar vertebra transverse process dissociate top Longissimus dorsi muscle and iliocostalis between popliteal groove in, the position can control the function of rumen of ox just.Massage essential oil example used Such as can be ginger essential oil, lemon, chamomile essential oil, needle juniper essential oil, coconut essential oil, Marjoram essential oil, eucalyptus quintessence oil At least one of with sweet orange oil.The temperature of massage can be for example controlled at 30-45 DEG C, and the work in essential oil can be made at this temperature Property composition more effectively access in cow body, play preferable opsonic action, auxiliary cow carries out preferably digestion to food and inhaled Receive.
Because the quantity of coarse fodder in traditional breeding way and its contained by nutriment it is limited, therefore the present embodiment in order to section On the basis of cost-saving, enrich as much as possible in the nutrition species and composition in ox food, the ox feed of feeding and include fine fodder. According to the feed habit come into being to the XIMEN Qin at 3 monthly ages, it is to avoid the situation of malnutritive or overnutrition occurs for cow, The scale of feeding of above-mentioned fine fodder is for example can be controlled in the range of Niu Tichong 0.7-1.5%.Under the scale of feeding, the life can be most met Long stage cow does not result in other harmful effects to the demand of food.
Alternatively, the fine fodder in the present embodiment for example may include the leaf mustard cake of 40-60 parts by weight, the cotton of 20-30 parts by weight The dregs of rice, the corn of 40-60 parts by weight, the wheat containing DDGS of 15-20 parts by weight, the sodium chloride of 8-18 parts by weight, 5-10 weight The dairy products, the beet pulp of 2-4 parts by weight, the bean curd stick of 2-4 parts by weight, the dry dried mushroom of 1-5 parts by weight, the spiral shell of 3-5 parts by weight of part Revolve the Juice of algae, the shrimp shell of 5-8 parts by weight and 6-10 parts by weight.
High wet corn is for example may be selected to be to improve the corn in utilization rate of the cow to cornstarch, the present embodiment, Moisture i.e. in corn is at least 60%.Through experiment, high wet corn is added in fine fodder and relatively adds dry powder corn, mother can be improved The meat feed ratio of ox.
DDGS feeds namely vinasse albumen feed.Wheat DDGS refers to that using wheat as fermenting raw materials it is second to make Starch Conversion Product obtained by alcohol and carbon dioxide.Due to the fermentation of microorganism, protein, the dimension life of B races in the wheat containing DDGS Element and amino acid content increased than common wheat.By adding the wheat containing DDGS in feed, ox knurl can be improved The Fermentation Function of stomach, is conducive to the fiber substance of feed being converted into polyunsaturated fatty acid, conjugation in energy, increase beef The content of linoleic acid and vaccenic acid.
Because of the ox come into being to 3 monthly ages, adaptability is poor to external world again, and immunity and resistance against diseases are weaker, therefore, this reality Apply example and dairy products are also added into fine fodder.Preferably, above-mentioned dairy products for example can be directly from the type mature cow Cow's milk, the inorganic salts contained by it, such as calcium, phosphorus and iron are compared with horn of plenty.
Contained bean curd stick, dry dried mushroom, the effect of spirulina and shrimp shell mainly provide abundant egg for cow in fine fodder White matter, not only including vegetable protein but also including animal protein.Wherein, bean curd stick is not only containing abundant protein, also containing more Vitamin E, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium and glutamic acid.In addition, the phosphatide and saponin(e contained by it can also reduce the cholesterol level in ox body. Dry dried mushroom is rich in trace elements of selenium, as one of composition of fine fodder, on the one hand can improve glutathione peroxide in cow body Change the activity of enzyme, prevent peroxide from damaging body;On the other hand, because it also contains a variety of antiviral ingredients, therefore can also be The immunity of ox is improved to a certain extent.Spirulina contains higher vegetable protein and rich as a kind of alkaline matter Rich chlorophyll, beta carotene etc., as one of fine fodder composition, can effectively neutralize hydrochloric acid in gastric juice, keep the normal of cud to ruminate Function.
Protein containing 30% calcium and more than 20% in shrimp shell.Because shrimp shell hardness is higher, it is unfavorable for ox direct Feed.Therefore in the present embodiment can directly prawn shell crushed, protein extraction contained in shrimp shell can also be gone out using extraction method To add into fine fodder.Specifically, extracting may include following steps:With 25-35g/L saline solution and shrimp shell in the first feed liquid Than for 1:4-5, temperature are separated by filtration for the first time to extract 2-3h under conditions of 45-48 DEG C, obtain the first filtrate and the first filter Slag.First filtrate is the shrimp shell albumen after extracting., can also be by the first filter further to improve the recovery rate of protein in shrimp shell Slag is 1 in the second solid-liquid ratio with saline solution:1-1.8, temperature are 43-48 DEG C, pH is to hydrolyze 2-3h under conditions of 9-10, second It is separated by filtration, obtains the second filtrate.Mix above-mentioned first filtrate and the second filtrate finally extracted after shrimp shell albumen.
It is preferred that the fruit in this implementation Juice can include at least one in apple, grape, blueberry and butter fruit Kind, vegetables can include as at least two in Chinese cabbage, carrot, cucurbita pepo, pumpkin.Due to fiber in above-mentioned fruits and vegetables Element, contents of saccharide differ compared with horn of plenty, and species, if being directly added into fine fodder, can increase cud burden, influence is ruminated. Therefore, in order to be able to while cow rumen burden is mitigated, moreover it is possible to the nutriment contained by it is preferably absorbed, this reality The Juice applied in example can for example add complex micro organism fungicide and obtain by fruits and vegetables after complex enzyme zymohydrolysis.Wherein, It is 1-1.2 that complex enzyme, which can include weight ratio,:0.9-1.2:0.7-0.8 pectase, cellulase and glucose oxidase, with The complex enzyme of the ratio is digested to fruits and vegetables, the materials such as cellulose and carbohydrate in fruits and vegetables is degraded.
Complex micro organism fungicide is then main by lactobacillus plantarum, Candida lipolytica, Bacillus circulans and nisin At least two in bacterium are obtained by mixing.Wherein, Candida lipolytica can not only decompose the things such as the protein and fat in fruits and vegetables Matter, moreover it is possible to produce citric acid, vitamin and glutamic acid.Bacillus circulans can produce much starch enzyme, protease and cellulose The ectoenzymes such as enzyme, so as to promote cow to digest and assimilate fine fodder, beneficial to growth.Streptococcus lactis can produce a variety of antibacterials Material and hydrogen peroxide, on the one hand can suppress the growth and breeding of harmful bacteria in cow body, on the other hand also have elimination is poisonous to have Evil metabolite, and adjust the effect of gut flora.
Preferably, the complex micro organism fungicide in Juice is by lactobacillus plantarum, Candida lipolytica, Bacillus circulans It is obtained by mixing with streptococcus lactis.And lactobacillus plantarum, Candida lipolytica, the viable bacteria of Bacillus circulans and streptococcus lactis Number is respectively 5 × 108-6×108cfu/mL、4×108-6×108cfu/mL、1×108-2×108Cfu/mL and 8 × 108-1× 109cfu/mL.It by the compound action of the microorganism with above-mentioned vigor, can carry the XIMEN Qin come into being to 3 monthly ages Preceding wean, and health care ox stomach, reduce its probability of falling ill, and improve feed digestibility.
In addition, the fine fodder in the present embodiment also includes minerals and vitamins.Wherein, mineral matter can for example include Zinc, copper, iron, iodine, selenium, cobalt and chromium, its part by weight such as can be 1-2:1.3-1.4:0.7-0.8:0.4-0.7:0.6-0.8: 0.6-0.7:0.3-0.4.Zinc, copper, iron, iodine, selenium, cobalt and chromium are added in feed according to the above ratio, is remarkably improved and comes into being to 3 The production performance of the XIMEN Qin at monthly age.Vitamin for example may include VitAVitE, vitamin B, vitamin D3 And vitamin K, its weight ratio can be controlled in 1-3:1-2:2-4:2-3:1-2 scope.Because vitamin A and vitamin E can not Voluntarily supplied by ruminant, so must be supplemented with two biostearin in the ox feed in the present embodiment.
Cud, as the first stomach of ruminant animals, to effective digestion fibrous matter.But be in and come into being to March The ox in age, its cud small volume, simultaneously non-specifically is perfect for function of rumen, and it is higher that cud disease goes out efficiency.With regard to the problem, at present frequently with Method be toward adding antibiotic in feed in most of breeding process.Cow is caused to avoid being used for a long time antibiotic Harmful effect, the present embodiment by ox feed add with stomach strengthening function auxiliary material, first, can to ox stomach produce specific aim Opsonic action;Second, use traditional Chinese medicine ingredients substitute antibiotics, moreover it is possible to reduce the indirect produced by after people's feed beef or milk Injury.
Optionally, above-mentioned auxiliary material can for example include the rhizoma pinellinae praeparata of 1-1.5 parts by weight, the Radix Astragali of 0.5-1 parts by weight, The hawthorn of 0.8-1.2 parts by weight, the kudzu-vine root powder of 1-1.4 parts by weight, the honeysuckle of 0.8-1.2 parts by weight, 0.1-0.2 parts by weight Radish seed, the cuttlebone of 0.3-0.5 parts by weight, the honey of the inular flower of 0.2-0.4 parts by weight and 0.6-1 parts by weight.Wherein, Lay Fu is containing materials such as erucic acid, methyl mercaptan, the black alcohol of β-paddy, in addition to preferable stomach invigorating effect, to staphylococcus and large intestine bar Bacterium has obvious inhibitory action, and also has certain detoxicating functions.Cuttlebone contains abundant calcium carbonate, the present embodiment In as one of adjunct ingredient, can not only improve the function of rumen of cow with remaining adjunct ingredient collective effect, in addition, its Strain secretion or the acidic materials produced in fine fodder can also be neutralized, it is to avoid cow acid poisoning.During honey can not only aid in improvement each The bad mouthfeel that medicine composition is produced;Secondly, moreover it is possible to for the sugar source needed for the strain in fine fodder provides existence.
For the nutriment in feed can be made to be uniformly dispersed, carrier is further comprises in the present embodiment feed, it may be selected from Any one in oyster shell whiting, zeolite or stone flour.
What deserves to be explained is, the constituent of feed is not limited in the above-mentioned material being previously mentioned in the embodiment of the present invention, The producer can also add other materials according to the different demands and upgrowth situation of ox in feed.
The feature and performance to the present invention are described in further detail with reference to embodiments.
Embodiment 1
In daily 9 points and 16 points, after fine fodder, auxiliary material and oyster shell whiting are mixed, feeding is come into being to the Simmental mother at 3 monthly ages Ox.Contained fine fodder is the 0.7% of Niu Tichong in feed.After each ox feed terminates, ox low-speed running is driven with red cloth 10min.Then the back with ginger essential oil to cow and abdominal massaging 20min, and temperature control will be massaged at 30 DEG C.
Above-mentioned fine fodder contains the leaf mustard cakes of 40 parts by weight, the cotton dregs of 20 parts by weight, the corn of 40 parts by weight, 15 parts by weight Wheat containing DDGS, the sodium chloride of 8 parts by weight, the dairy products of 5 parts by weight, the beet pulp of 2 parts by weight, the bean curd stick of 2 parts by weight, The dry dried mushrooms of 1 parts by weight, the spirulina of 3 parts by weight, the Juice of the shrimp shell of 5 parts by weight and 6 parts by weight.
Wherein, the moisture in corn is 60%.Shrimp shell is size-reduced and obtains.Juice is by fruits and vegetables through complex enzyme After enzymolysis, add complex micro organism fungicide and obtain.Wherein, fruit contains apple, and vegetables contain as Chinese cabbage and carrot, is combined It is 1 that enzyme, which includes weight ratio,:0.9:0.7 pectase, cellulase and glucose oxidase, complex micro organism fungicide includes viable bacteria Number content in Juice is respectively 5 × 108Cfu/mL and 4 × 108Cfu/mL lactobacillus plantarum and Candida lipolytica.Ore deposit It is 1 that material, which includes weight ratio,:1.3:0.7:0.4:0.6:0.6:0.3 zinc, copper, iron, iodine, selenium, cobalt and chromium.Vitamin includes weight Amount is than being 1:1:2:2:1 VitAVitE, vitamin B, vitamin D3And vitamin K.
Auxiliary material contains the rhizoma pinellinae praeparata of 1 parts by weight, the Radix Astragali of 0.5 parts by weight, the hawthorn of 0.8 parts by weight, the root of kudzu vine of 1 parts by weight Powder, the honeysuckle of 0.8 parts by weight, the radish seed of 0.1 parts by weight, the cuttlebone of 0.3 parts by weight, the inular flower of 0.2 parts by weight and The honey of 0.6 parts by weight.
Embodiment 2
In daily 12 points and 17 points, feeding is come into being to the XIMEN Qin at 3 monthly ages.Contained fine fodder is ox body in feed The 1.5% of weight.During feeding, first feeding is mixed with the fine fodder of zeolite, after fine fodder has been fed by cow, and it is driven with red rod bar Pitch of the laps 15min, then feeds auxiliary material again at a slow speed.After auxiliary material has been fed, with lemon and chamomile essential oil to cow Back and abdominal massaging 30min, and temperature control will be massaged at 45 DEG C.
Above-mentioned fine fodder contains the leaf mustard cakes of 60 parts by weight, the cotton dregs of 30 parts by weight, the corn of 60 parts by weight, 20 parts by weight Wheat containing DDGS, the sodium chloride of 18 parts by weight, the dairy products of 10 parts by weight, the beet pulp of 4 parts by weight, the corruption of 4 parts by weight Bamboo, the dry dried mushroom of 5 parts by weight, the spirulina of 5 parts by weight, the Juice of the shrimp shell of 8 parts by weight and 10 parts by weight.
Wherein, the moisture in corn is 65%.Shrimp shell obtains shrimp shell albumen by following operation:With 25g/L food Salt solution is 1 in the first solid-liquid ratio with shrimp shell:4th, temperature is separated by filtration for the first time to extract 3h under conditions of 45 DEG C, collects first Filtrate.Juice after complex enzyme zymohydrolysis, is added complex micro organism fungicide and obtained by fruits and vegetables.Wherein, fruit contains Grape and butter fruit, vegetables contain cucurbita pepo and carrot, and it is 1.2 that complex enzyme, which includes weight ratio,:1.2:0.8 pectase, fiber Plain enzyme and glucose oxidase, complex micro organism fungicide are respectively 6 × 10 including viable count content in Juice8cfu/mL、1 ×108Cfu/mL and 8 × 108Cfu/mL Candida lipolytica, Bacillus circulans and streptococcus lactis.Mineral matter contains weight Amount is than being 2:1.4:0.8:0.7:0.8:0.7:0.4 zinc, copper, iron, iodine, selenium, cobalt and chromium.It is 3 that vitamin, which contains weight ratio,:2: 4:3:2 VitAVitE, vitamin B, vitamin D3And vitamin K.
Auxiliary material contains the rhizoma pinellinae praeparata of 1.5 parts by weight, the Radix Astragali of 1 parts by weight, the hawthorn of 1.2 parts by weight, the Pueraria lobota of 1.4 parts by weight Root powder, the honeysuckle of 1.2 parts by weight, the radish seed of 0.2 parts by weight, the cuttlebone of 0.5 parts by weight, the inular flower of 0.4 parts by weight With the honey of 1 parts by weight.
Embodiment 3
In daily 10 thirty and 16 thirty, feeding is come into being to the XIMEN Qin at 3 monthly ages.Contained fine fodder is in feed The 1.15% of ox body weight.During feeding, first feeding is mixed with the fine fodder of stone flour, after fine fodder has been fed by cow, is driven with red cloth Make its 12.5min that swims, auxiliary material is then fed again.After auxiliary material has been fed, with needle juniper essential oil, coconut essential oil and Marjoram essence Back and abdominal massaging 25min of the oil to cow, and temperature control will be massaged at 37.5 DEG C.
Above-mentioned fine fodder contains the leaf mustard cakes of 50 parts by weight, the cotton dregs of 25 parts by weight, the corn of 50 parts by weight, 17.5 parts by weight The wheat containing DDGS, the sodium chloride of 13 parts by weight, the dairy products of 7.5 parts by weight, the beet pulp of 3 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight Bean curd stick, the dry dried mushroom of 3 parts by weight, the spirulina of 4 parts by weight, the Juice of the shrimp shell of 6.5 parts by weight and 8 parts by weight.
Wherein, the moisture in corn is 70%.Shrimp shell obtains shrimp shell albumen by following operation:With 35g/L food Salt solution is 1 in the first solid-liquid ratio with shrimp shell:5th, temperature is separated by filtration for the first time to extract 2h under conditions of 48 DEG C, collects first Filtrate.Then it is 1 in the second solid-liquid ratio by the first filter residue and saline solution:1st, temperature be 43 DEG C, pH be to hydrolyze 3h under conditions of 9, It is separated by filtration for the second time, obtains the second filtrate.Mix above-mentioned first filtrate and the second filtrate obtains shrimp shell albumen.
Juice after complex enzyme zymohydrolysis, is added complex micro organism fungicide and obtained by fruits and vegetables.Wherein, fruit contains There are grape, blueberry and butter fruit, vegetables contain ivory white, carrot and pumpkin, and it is 1.1 that complex enzyme, which includes weight ratio,:1.05: 0.75 pectase, cellulase and glucose oxidase, complex micro organism fungicide includes viable count content point in Juice Wei 6 × 108cfu/mL、5×108cfu/mL、2×108Cfu/mL and 1 × 109Cfu/mL lactobacillus plantarum, the false silk of solution fat Yeast, Bacillus circulans and streptococcus lactis.It is 1.5 that mineral matter, which contains weight ratio,:1.35:0.75:0.55:0.7:0.65: 0.35 zinc, copper, iron, iodine, selenium, cobalt and chromium.It is 2 that vitamin, which contains weight ratio,:1.5:3:2.5:1.5 vitamin A, vitamin E, vitamin B, vitamin D3And vitamin K.
Auxiliary material contains the rhizoma pinellinae praeparata of 1.25 parts by weight, the Radix Astragali of 0.75 parts by weight, the hawthorn of 1 parts by weight, 1.2 parts by weight Kudzu-vine root powder, the honeysuckle of 1 parts by weight, the radish seed of 0.15 parts by weight, the cuttlebone of 0.4 parts by weight, the inular flower of 0.3 parts by weight With the honey of 0.8 parts by weight.
Embodiment 4
In daily 11 thirty and 16 thirty, feeding is come into being to the XIMEN Qin at 3 monthly ages.Contained fine fodder is in feed The 1% of ox body weight.During feeding, first feeding is mixed with the fine fodder of stone flour, after fine fodder has been fed by cow, is driven with red rod bar Its low-speed running 15min, then feeds auxiliary material again.After auxiliary material has been fed, with ginger essential oil, chamomile essential oil, You Jiali The back and abdominal massaging 25min of essential oil and sweet orange oil to cow, and temperature control will be massaged at 38 DEG C.
Above-mentioned fine fodder contains the leaf mustard cakes of 50 parts by weight, the cotton dregs of 25 parts by weight, the corn of 50 parts by weight, 17.5 parts by weight The wheat containing DDGS, the sodium chloride of 13 parts by weight, the dairy products of 7.5 parts by weight, the beet pulp of 3 parts by weight, 3 parts by weight Bean curd stick, the dry dried mushroom of 3 parts by weight, the spirulina of 4 parts by weight, the Juice of the shrimp shell of 6.5 parts by weight and 8 parts by weight.
Wherein, the moisture in corn is 70%.Shrimp shell obtains shrimp shell albumen by following operation:With 30g/L food Salt solution is 1 in the first solid-liquid ratio with shrimp shell:4.5th, temperature is separated by filtration for the first time to extract 2.5h under conditions of 46.5 DEG C, is received Collect the first filtrate.Then it is 1 in the second solid-liquid ratio by the first filter residue and saline solution:1.8th, the condition that temperature is 48 DEG C, pH is 10 Lower hydrolysis 2h, is separated by filtration for the second time, obtains the second filtrate.Mix above-mentioned first filtrate and the second filtrate obtains shrimp shell albumen.
Juice after complex enzyme zymohydrolysis, is added complex micro organism fungicide and obtained by fruits and vegetables.Wherein, fruit contains There are apple, grape, blueberry and butter fruit, vegetables contain ivory white, carrot, cucurbita pepo and pumpkin, and complex enzyme is including weight ratio 1.1:1.05:0.8 pectase, cellulase and glucose oxidase, complex micro organism fungicide includes viable count in Juice Middle content is respectively 5.5 × 108cfu/mL、5×108cfu/mL、1.5×108Cfu/mL and 8.5 × 108Cfu/mL plumule breast Bacillus, Candida lipolytica, Bacillus circulans and streptococcus lactis.It is 1.5 that mineral matter, which contains weight ratio,:1.35:0.75: 0.55:0.7:0.65:0.35 zinc, copper, iron, iodine, selenium, cobalt and chromium.It is 2 that vitamin, which contains weight ratio,:1.5:3:2.5:1.5 VitAVitE, vitamin B, vitamin D3And vitamin K.
Auxiliary material contains the rhizoma pinellinae praeparata of 1.25 parts by weight, the Radix Astragali of 0.75 parts by weight, the hawthorn of 1 parts by weight, 1.2 parts by weight Kudzu-vine root powder, the honeysuckle of 1 parts by weight, the radish seed of 0.15 parts by weight, the cuttlebone of 0.4 parts by weight, the inular flower of 0.3 parts by weight With the honey of 0.8 parts by weight.
Embodiment 5
In daily 11 thirty and 17 points, feeding is come into being to the XIMEN Qin at 3 monthly ages.Contained fine fodder is ox in feed The 1.2% of body weight.During feeding, first feeding is mixed with the fine fodder of zeolite, after fine fodder has been fed by cow, is driven with red rod bar Its low-speed running 15min, then feeds auxiliary material again.After auxiliary material has been fed, with lemon, needle juniper essential oil, coconut essential oil, The back and abdominal massaging 30min of Marjoram essential oil, eucalyptus quintessence oil and sweet orange oil to cow, and massage temperature control is existed 40℃。
Above-mentioned fine fodder contains the leaf mustard cakes of 55 parts by weight, the cotton dregs of 28 parts by weight, the corn of 55 parts by weight, 18 parts by weight Wheat containing DDGS, the sodium chloride of 15 parts by weight, the dairy products of 13 parts by weight, the beet pulp of 3.5 parts by weight, 2.5 parts by weight Bean curd stick, the dry dried mushroom of 4 parts by weight, the spirulina of 4 parts by weight, the Juice of the shrimp shell of 6 parts by weight and 7 parts by weight.
Wherein, the moisture in corn is 65%.Shrimp shell obtains shrimp shell albumen by following operation:With 32g/L food Salt solution is 1 in the first solid-liquid ratio with shrimp shell:4.8th, temperature is to extract 3h under conditions of 47 DEG C, is separated by filtration for the first time, collects the One filtrate.Then it is 1 in the second solid-liquid ratio by the first filter residue and saline solution:1.4th, temperature be 45.5 DEG C, pH be under conditions of 9.5 2.5h is hydrolyzed, is separated by filtration for the second time, obtains the second filtrate.Mix above-mentioned first filtrate and the second filtrate obtains shrimp shell albumen.
Juice after complex enzyme zymohydrolysis, is added complex micro organism fungicide and obtained by fruits and vegetables.Wherein, fruit contains There are apple, grape, blueberry and butter fruit, vegetables contain ivory white, carrot, cucurbita pepo and pumpkin, and complex enzyme is including weight ratio 1:1:0.8 pectase, cellulase and glucose oxidase, complex micro organism fungicide includes viable count content in Juice Respectively 6 × 108cfu/mL、5.5×108cfu/mL、1.8×108Cfu/mL and 8.5 × 108Cfu/mL lactobacillus plantarum, Candida lipolytica, Bacillus circulans and streptococcus lactis.It is 1.5 that mineral matter, which contains weight ratio,:1.35:0.75:0.55: 0.7:0.65:0.35 zinc, copper, iron, iodine, selenium, cobalt and chromium.It is 2 that vitamin, which contains weight ratio,:1.5:3:2.5:1.5 dimension life Plain A, vitamin E, vitamin B, vitamin D3And vitamin K.
Auxiliary material contains the rhizoma pinellinae praeparata of 1.3 parts by weight, the Radix Astragali of 0.8 parts by weight, the hawthorn of 1 parts by weight, the Pueraria lobota of 1.2 parts by weight Root powder, the honeysuckle of 1 parts by weight, the radish seed of 0.1 parts by weight, the cuttlebone of 0.4 parts by weight, the inular flower of 0.3 parts by weight and 1 The honey of parts by weight.
Test example 1
Choose 15 to come into being to the XIMEN Qin at 3 monthly ages, be divided into 5 test groups, every 3 are one group, per component Cultural method not in embodiment 1-5 is cultivated to it.Using the body weight of the first longicorn of feeding as original body mass, raise Ox is fed to 3 monthly ages, latter stage body weight is used as using the body weight of the last day of feeding.Body weight using the empty body weight in morning on the same day as It is accurate.Choose again 15 respectively the XIMEN Qin basically identical with test ox body weight in test group and monthly age as a control group, Cultivated according to common ox cultural method, equally record body weight, and take the average value obtained by every group of test group.Contrast test group With the rate of body weight gain of XIMEN Qin, the incidence of disease in control group, its result is as shown in table 1.
The rate of body weight gain and the incidence of disease of the XIMEN Qin of table 1
As can be seen from Table 1, supported by the more common cultural method of XIMEN Qin after the cultivation of the present embodiment cultural method The rate of body weight gain for growing rear ox is substantially improved, while the incidence of disease is substantially reduced.Illustrating the cultural method of the embodiment of the present invention can expire Foot is come into being to the nutritional need of the XIMEN Qin growth at 3 monthly ages, the body of XIMEN Qin is maintained preferably strong Health state, plays the growth potential of the growth phase XIMEN Qin and obtains preferable gaining effect to greatest extent.
In summary, the feed nutrition of the embodiment of the present invention is comprehensively and balanced, it is easy to digest and assimilate, to coming into being to 3 monthly ages XIMEN Qin there is the effect for preferably promoting growth, and its cud can be made to maintain preferable digestive function.Pass through Growth characteristic with reference to the stage ox and the different demands to nutriment, using appropriate cultural method, can send out to greatest extent The growth potential of the stage ox is waved, is improved food conversion ratio and the price of deed.
Embodiments described above is a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.The reality of the present invention The detailed description for applying example is not intended to limit the scope of claimed invention, but is merely representative of the selected implementation of the present invention Example.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, what those of ordinary skill in the art were obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Every other embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of feed for being suitable to come into being to the XIMEN Qin feed at 3 monthly ages, it is characterised in that the feed includes fine fodder And auxiliary material, the leaf mustard cake of the fine fodder including 40-60 parts by weight, the cotton dregs of 20-30 parts by weight, the corn of 40-60 parts by weight, The wheats containing DDGS of 15-20 parts by weight, the sodium chloride of 8-18 parts by weight, the dairy products of 5-10 parts by weight, 2-4 parts by weight Beet pulp, the bean curd stick of 2-4 parts by weight, the dry dried mushroom of 1-5 parts by weight, the spirulina of 3-5 parts by weight, the shrimp shell of 5-8 parts by weight and The Juice of 6-10 parts by weight;
The auxiliary material includes rhizoma pinellinae praeparata, the Radix Astragali of 0.5-1 parts by weight, the hawthorn of 0.8-1.2 parts by weight, the 1- of 1-1.5 parts by weight The kudzu-vine root powders of 1.4 parts by weight, the honeysuckle of 0.8-1.2 parts by weight, the radish seed of 0.1-0.2 parts by weight, 0.3-0.5 parts by weight The honey of cuttlebone, the inular flower of 0.2-0.4 parts by weight and 0.6-1 parts by weight.
2. feed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the moisture in the corn is at least 60%.
3. feed according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the Juice is by fruits and vegetables through complex enzyme zymohydrolysis Afterwards, add complex micro organism fungicide and obtain, it is 1-1.2 that the complex enzyme, which includes weight ratio,:0.9-1.2:0.7-0.8 pectin Enzyme, cellulase and glucose oxidase.
4. feed according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the fruit is included in apple, grape, blueberry and butter fruit At least one, the vegetables include as at least two in Chinese cabbage, carrot, cucurbita pepo, pumpkin.
5. feed according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the complex micro organism fungicide it is main by lactobacillus plantarum, At least two in Candida lipolytica, Bacillus circulans and streptococcus lactis are obtained by mixing.
6. feed according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the complex micro organism fungicide in the Juice is by institute Lactobacillus plantarum, the Candida lipolytica, the Bacillus circulans and the streptococcus lactis is stated to be obtained by mixing, wherein, The viable count of the lactobacillus plantarum is 5 × 108-6×108Cfu/mL, the viable count of the Candida lipolytica is 4 × 108-6 ×108Cfu/mL, the viable count of the Bacillus circulans is 1 × 108-2×108Cfu/mL, the viable bacteria of the streptococcus lactis Number is 8 × 108-1×109cfu/mL。
7. a kind of cultural method of ox, it is characterised in that feeding feed as claimed in claim 1, then drives the ox to be transported After dynamic at least 10min, assist digestion operation is carried out to the ox.
8. cultural method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the fine fodder first is fed to the ox, when the essence After material feed, drive the ox to move 10-15min, then feed the auxiliary material again, the auxiliary material fed after to the ox Carry out assist digestion operation.
9. cultural method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that it in temperature is 30-45 DEG C that assist digestion operation, which is, Under the conditions of, back and abdominal massaging 20-30min to the ox.
10. cultural method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the scale of feeding of the fine fodder is the body weight of the ox 0.7-1.5%.
CN201710331707.4A 2017-05-11 2017-05-11 A kind of feed and the cultural method of ox for being suitable to come into being to the XIMEN Qin feed at 3 monthly ages Pending CN107080064A (en)

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CN101744140A (en) * 2008-12-11 2010-06-23 李楠 Forge capable of inducing milk cow to be pregnant with heifer calf
CN102018149A (en) * 2010-12-22 2011-04-20 山东科龙畜牧产业有限公司 Fattening feed for Luxi yellow cattle, preparation method and fattening method thereof
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Application publication date: 20170822