CN106831236A - A kind of sugar orange plants special bacterial manure - Google Patents

A kind of sugar orange plants special bacterial manure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106831236A
CN106831236A CN201710054211.7A CN201710054211A CN106831236A CN 106831236 A CN106831236 A CN 106831236A CN 201710054211 A CN201710054211 A CN 201710054211A CN 106831236 A CN106831236 A CN 106831236A
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China
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parts
sugar orange
fertilizer
bacterium
manure
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CN201710054211.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈广育
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Lu Chuan Family Farm (general Partnership)
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Lu Chuan Family Farm (general Partnership)
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Priority to CN201710054211.7A priority Critical patent/CN106831236A/en
Publication of CN106831236A publication Critical patent/CN106831236A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B17/00Other phosphatic fertilisers, e.g. soft rock phosphates, bone meal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

The present invention relates to technical field of fertilizers, and in particular to a kind of sugar orange plants special bacterial manure.The special bacterial manure of the present invention is made up of the raw material of following weight part ratio:0.8 2.6 parts of 140 170 parts of poultry manure, 40 60 parts of stalk, 20 30 parts of sucrose mud, 20 40 parts of silkworm excrement, 10 25 parts of bone meal, 20 40 parts of sugar orange branch, 10 20 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 15 25 parts of potash fertilizer, 10 18 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, 10 25 parts of plant ash, 14 parts of ferment bacterium, 0.5 3.5 parts of aspergillus oryzae, 0.7 2.4 parts of enzyme of green wood, 13 parts of EM bacterium, 0.8 1.8 parts of bacillus laterosporus, 0.8 1.8 parts of silicate bacteria, 15 parts of algal polysaccharides and Sodium Alginate.There is special bacterial manure permanent, the suitable sugar orange of fertility to plant use, and utilization rate of fertilizer is high, can improve soil property, improves the biological content of soil, increase gas permeability, the hardened phenomenon of reduction.

Description

A kind of sugar orange plants special bacterial manure
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to technical field of fertilizers, and in particular to a kind of sugar orange plants special bacterial manure.
【Background technology】
Sugar orange, also known as:October tangerine.Sugar orange fruit is oblate, and strumae, base of a fruit navel concave end, color and luster orange are arranged at top Huang, fruit wall is thin, easily peelable.Sugar orange especially with four can yellow Tian Towns produce it is extremely sweet for it is delicious, without slag, delicate mouthfeel, actually Good merchantable brand.Its contain abundant vitamin C, calcium, cellulosic, a small amount of protein, fat and abundant glucose, fructose, sucrose, Malic acid, citric acid, citric acid and carrotene, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, ascorbic acid, and calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium Deng element necessary to human body, granulated sugar tangerine is sweet sour, warm in nature, with regulating qi-flowing for eliminating phlegm, moistening lung gut purge, enrich blood invigorating the spleen the effects such as.
Sugar orange growth and development of fruit tree, yield positive results with temperature, sunshine, moisture (humidity), soil and wind, height above sea level, The environmental condition such as shape and slope aspect is closely related, the maximum several temperature of these conditions influence.Even if the temperature that 0.5 DEG C of difference is sometimes There is completely different result.Sugar orange is grown the temperature for requiring 12.5~37 DEG C.When temperature, soil temperature are higher than 37 DEG C, fruit Real and root system stops growing.Temperature is also obvious to the qualitative effects of fruit:In certain temperature range, generally increase sugar with temperature Content, soluble solid increase, and acid content declines, and quality improves.
Sugar orange be Deqing, Huaiji, Guangning, four can traditional local and special products, be again the famous-brand and high-quality kind of Citrus, and quilt《Guangzhou Evening paper》Reputation claims " outshining othersOne branch of the tree is particularly thriving ".Sugar orange fruit is oblate, and strumae is arranged at top, and base of a fruit navel concave end, color and luster is orange, wraps up in wall It is thin, it is easily peelable.Fruit shape index 0.78,62-86 grams of single fruit weight, edible rate 71% can contain dissolubility solid content 11%, every 100 milliliters Containing complete sugared 10.55 grams, 0.35 gram of tartaric acid.Pulp is sharp and clear, juice is more, slugging, taste is fresh and sweet, eats Hou Qinxin and wets one's whistle, and affords food for thought.The product Product have won fame both at home and abroad, the 60-70 ages, once batch situation of selling well Southeast Asia and Hong Kong and Macao.
Sugar orange contains abundant vitamin C, calcium, cellulosic, a small amount of protein, fat and abundant glucose, fruit Sugar, sucrose, malic acid, citric acid, citric acid and carrotene, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, ascorbic acid, and calcium, Element necessary to the human bodies such as phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, granulated sugar tangerine is sweet sour, warm in nature, with work(such as regulating qi-flowing for eliminating phlegm, moistening lung gut purge, invigorating the spleen of enriching blood Effect, can control the diseases such as the light, indigestion of deficiency of food, mouth, can help digest, eliminating phlegm is quenched the thirst, qi-regulating dissipating bind it, it is anti-to treat constipation.
Sugar orange is the famous-brand and high-quality kind of Citrus, with nutritive value very high, adds its sour-sweet taste, enjoys happiness Love, so this also causes that there is sugar orange economic worth very high, the particularly sale in sugar orange to be docked with internet Afterwards, the sales volume of sugar orange is also promoted, plantation is obtained more preferable economic benefit.From 2003 to 2013, Guang Dongshui The kind most made money in fruit is sugar orange, and sugar orange price creates 14 years flourishing long time mythology.
At present because sugar orange is planted year after year, unreasonable fertilising in planting process causes soil deterioration, hardened phenomenon bright Aobvious, the sugar orange acidity that the use of a large amount of chemical fertilizer plants out increases, taste bad, there is continuous worsening phenomenon;Therefore, inquire into A kind of special fertilizer of ecological sustainability plantation sugar orange is the problem that current sugar orange field of planting is badly in need of facing.
【The content of the invention】
Goal of the invention of the invention is:Regarding to the issue above, there is provided a kind of sugar orange plants special bacterial manure, present invention fertilizer Material is planted with permanent, the suitable sugar orange of fertility and used, and utilization rate of fertilizer is high, can improve soil property, the biology of raising soil Content, increases gas permeability, reduces hardened phenomenon.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of sugar orange plants special bacterial manure, is made up of the raw material of following weight part ratio:Poultry manure 140-170 parts, straw Stalk 40-60 parts, 20-30 parts of sucrose mud, silkworm excrement 20-40 parts, bone meal 10-25 parts, sugar orange branch 20-40 parts, phosphate fertilizer 10-20 parts, Potash fertilizer 15-25 parts, nitrogenous fertilizer 10-18 parts, plant ash 10-25 parts, ferment bacterium 1-4 parts, aspergillus oryzae 0.5-3.5 parts, green wood enzyme 0.7-2.4 parts, 1-3 parts, bacillus laterosporus 0.8-1.8 parts, silicate bacteria 0.8-1.8 parts, algal polysaccharides 1-5 parts of EM bacterium and Sodium Alginate 0.8-2.6 parts.
Optimization, it is made up of the raw material of following weight part ratio:Poultry manure 150-160 parts, stalk 45-55 parts, sucrose mud 23-27 parts, silkworm excrement 25-35 parts, bone meal 15-20 parts, sugar orange branch 25-35 parts, phosphate fertilizer 13-17 parts, potash fertilizer 18-22 parts, nitrogenous fertilizer 12-16 parts, plant ash 15-20 parts, ferment bacterium 2-3 parts, aspergillus oryzae 1.0-3.0 parts, green wood 1.3-1.8 parts of enzyme, EM bacterium 1.5- 2.5 parts, bacillus laterosporus 1.1-1.5 parts, silicate bacteria 1.1-1.5 parts, algal polysaccharides 2-4 parts and Sodium Alginate 1.4- 2.0 parts.
Further optimize, be made up of the raw material of following weight part ratio:155 parts of poultry manure, 50 parts of stalk, sucrose mud 25 Part, 30 parts of 30 parts of silkworm excrement, 18 parts of bone meal, sugar orange branch, 15 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 20 parts of potash fertilizer, 14 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, 17 parts of plant ash, ferment 2.5 parts of bacterium, 2.0 parts of aspergillus oryzae, 1.5 parts of enzyme of green wood, 2.0 parts of EM bacterium, 1.3 parts of bacillus laterosporus, silicate bacteria 1.3 1.7 parts of part, 3 parts of algal polysaccharides and Sodium Alginate.
Further optimize, the poultry manure is selected from one or more in cow dung, pig manure, chicken manure, sheep manure, duck excrement.
Further optimize, the stalk is selected from the one kind in maize straw, rice straw, wheat stalk, rape stalk Or it is several.
It is a kind of to prepare the method that above-mentioned sugar orange plants special bacterial manure, comprise the following steps:
A. by weight, first take stalk, sugar orange branch, with pulverizer be ground into length less than 10mm powder, then with Poultry manure, sucrose mud, silkworm excrement and bone meal stir, and it is 30-45% then to adjust moisture, must pre-process farmers''s material, It is standby;
B. by weight, plant ash, ferment bacterium, aspergillus oryzae, green wood enzyme, EM bacterium, bacillus laterosporus, silicic acid are first taken Salt bacterium, algal polysaccharides and Sodium Alginate, then the material of pretreatment farmers' described in step a is taken, all of above raw material is well mixed, It is then placed in carrying out fermentation 15-40 days in methane-generating pit, finally obtains fermentation maturity agricultural machinery fertilizer, it is standby;
C. by weight, it is 18-24% to take out the regulation moisture of fermentation maturity agricultural machinery fertilizer described in step c, then is taken Phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, nitrogenous fertilizer, send into granulator and are pelletized after above-mentioned all raw materials are well mixed, and obtain final product sugar orange plantation special Bacterial manure.
Further optimize, self- poking arrangement is carried in the methane-generating pit.
Further optimize, the self- poking arrangement is stirred 1-3 times for every two days.
In sum, by adopting the above-described technical solution, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1. sugar orange of the present invention plants special bacterial manure, and raw material includes organic farm manure, production and living waste material, chemical fertilizer and activity Bacterium, by reasonably combined and suitable preparation method, nutritional ingredient absorbs for sugar orange in fully releasing raw material.Have simultaneously Fertility is lasting, wherein the beneficial bacterium for containing and active bacteria will be difficult to the Element release for discharging out in common fertilizer, with shape of dissociating Formula is present, and is easily dissolved into soil during fertilising, and utilization rate is high, up to more than 40%, can reduce fertilizer amount, saves Resource and cost.
The characteristics of special bacterial manure of sugar orange plantation of the present invention combines various fertilizer, organic fertilizer contains the big of plant needs Amount nutritional ingredient, the nutrient supply to plant is more lasting than shallower, there is aftereffect very long;With the addition of sugar orange growth course simultaneously A large amount of fertilizer of middle needs, such as phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer and nitrogenous fertilizer, can allow sugar orange quickly obtain fertility and fast fast-growing after It is long, after being mixed together with the organic fertilizer for becoming thoroughly decomposed in addition, the elegance and talent during fertilizer application and loss can be avoided, do not absorb in time Part is carried out in organic fertilizer, the sustained release supply during subsequent growth.
It can be to change hardened soil property that fertilizer of the present invention also has feature, increase soil fertility with it is oxygen-containing Amount, biomass is needed in increase soil, and the content of organic matter increases, and improves the pH value of the soil of acidifying.The long-term use present invention Sugar orange plants special bacterial manure, and soil will not be destroyed soon, can also be effectively improved soil fertility, it is not necessary to which crop rotation can also keep rich Produce and sugar orange sugariness.
2. the bacillus laterosporus for being added in the present invention can promote beneficial rhizosphere microorganisms to breed, and prevent root system pathogen Invade;Used cooperatively together with silicate bacteria, the plant root growth development of promotion sugar orange is reached jointly, strengthen plant disease-resistant Ability.Mating type potassium element and P elements that silicate bacteria will can also be difficult by fertilizer, carry out bioconversion into can With the effective potassium and available phosphorus that are absorbed by sugar orange.
In the present invention, ferment bacterium, silicate bacteria, aspergillus oryzae, green wood enzyme, EM bacterium, bacillus laterosporus, ferment bacterium Itself contains various bacteria, saccharomycete and mould, and bacterium have in material or addition in itself can be activated during the fermentation Group's activity, flora reaches a kind of harmonious state in making fertilizer, and these floras are common by the raw material in fertilizer such as poultry manure, straw Organic matter in stalk, sucrose mud, silkworm excrement, bone meal, sugar orange branch, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, nitrogenous fertilizer and plant ash in quick, thorough decomposition, Saccharification decomposition is carried out to organic composition and ammonification is decomposed, produce low molecular sugar, alcohol, acid, it may be difficult to the mating type potassium for utilizing Element and P elements, carry out bioconversion into the effective potassium and available phosphorus that can be absorbed by sugar orange, these materials again into It is the good culture medium of beneficial organism growth and breeding in soil, the amount reproduction of actinomyces in compost can be promoted, fully release Sugar orange plants the composition in special bacterial manure, increases operation rate;Sodium Alginate can promote the formation of soil granular structure, improve soil Earth internal void space, coordinates solid, liquid, gas proportions in soil, improves the soil of sugar orange plantation together with above-mentioned substance Ecological environment, creates the good environment needed for sugar orange is grown.
3. compost or retting method typically are taken by agricultural machinery fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed, every a period of time artificial turning once, Waste of manpower, while the burning gases biogas to being produced in fermentation process can not make full use of.The present invention enters in methane-generating pit Row fermentation, the biogas that fermentation can be made full use of to produce makes full use of the energy, and sent out with respect to constant temperature situation using underground Ferment, is equipped with oneself agitating device, and fermentation is uniform, and efficiently, because sealing, the ozone of generation does not result in environmental pollution yet, at one stroke Many.It is the inventive method specification, controllable, it is adaptable to large-scale production.
【Specific embodiment】
With reference to embodiment, the invention will be further described.
First, formulation Example
Embodiment 1
A kind of sugar orange plants special bacterial manure, is made up of the raw material of following weight part ratio:140 parts of poultry manure, stalk 40 Part, 20 parts of 20 parts of sucrose mud, 20 parts of silkworm excrement, 10 parts of bone meal, sugar orange branch, 10 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 15 parts of potash fertilizer, 10 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, vegetation 10 parts of ash, 1 part of ferment bacterium, 0.5 part of aspergillus oryzae, 0.7 part of enzyme of green wood, 1 part of EM bacterium, 0.8 part of bacillus laterosporus, silicate are thin 0.8 part of 0.8 part of bacterium, 1 part of algal polysaccharides and Sodium Alginate.
Wherein, poultry manure is selected from cow dung.
Wherein, stalk is selected from maize straw.
Embodiment 2
A kind of sugar orange plants special bacterial manure, is made up of the raw material of following weight part ratio:170 parts of poultry manure, stalk 60 Part, 40 parts of 30 parts of sucrose mud, 40 parts of silkworm excrement, 25 parts of bone meal, sugar orange branch, 20 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 25 parts of potash fertilizer, 18 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, vegetation 25 parts of ash, 4 parts of ferment bacterium, 3.5 parts of aspergillus oryzae, 2.4 parts of enzyme of green wood, 3 parts of EM bacterium, 1.8 parts of bacillus laterosporus, silicate are thin 2.6 parts of 1.8 parts of bacterium, 5 parts of algal polysaccharides and Sodium Alginate.
Wherein, poultry manure is selected from the mixture of pig manure and chicken manure, and mixed proportion is not limited.
Wherein, stalk is selected from rice straw and rape stalk, and mixed proportion is not limited.
Embodiment 3
A kind of sugar orange plants special bacterial manure, is made up of the raw material of following weight part ratio:150 parts of poultry manure, stalk 45 Part, 25 parts of 23 parts of sucrose mud, 25 parts of silkworm excrement, 15 parts of bone meal, sugar orange branch, 13 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 18 parts of potash fertilizer, 12 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, vegetation 15 parts of ash, 2 parts of ferment bacterium, 1.0 parts of aspergillus oryzae, 1.3 parts of enzyme of green wood, 1.5 parts of EM bacterium, 1.1 parts of bacillus laterosporus, silicate 1.4 parts of 1.1 parts of bacterium, 2 parts of algal polysaccharides and Sodium Alginate.
Wherein, poultry manure is selected from sheep manure.
Wherein, stalk is selected from wheat stalk.
Embodiment 4
A kind of sugar orange plants special bacterial manure, is made up of the raw material of following weight part ratio:160 parts of poultry manure, stalk 55 Part, 35 parts of 27 parts of sucrose mud, 35 parts of silkworm excrement, 20 parts of bone meal, sugar orange branch, 17 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 22 parts of potash fertilizer, 16 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, vegetation 20 parts of ash, 3 parts of ferment bacterium, 3.0 parts of aspergillus oryzae, 1.8 parts of enzyme of green wood, 2.5 parts of EM bacterium, 1.5 parts of bacillus laterosporus, silicate 2.0 parts of 1.5 parts of bacterium, 4 parts of algal polysaccharides and Sodium Alginate.
Wherein, poultry manure is selected from pig manure, chicken manure and sheep manure, and mixed proportion is not limited.
Wherein, stalk is selected from maize straw, rice straw, wheat stalk and rape stalk, and mixed proportion is not limited.
Embodiment 5
A kind of sugar orange plants special bacterial manure, is made up of the raw material of following weight part ratio:155 parts of poultry manure, stalk 50 Part, 30 parts of 25 parts of sucrose mud, 30 parts of silkworm excrement, 18 parts of bone meal, sugar orange branch, 15 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 20 parts of potash fertilizer, 14 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, vegetation 17 parts of ash, 2.5 parts of ferment bacterium, 2.0 parts of aspergillus oryzae, 1.5 parts of enzyme of green wood, 2.0 parts of EM bacterium, 1.3 parts of bacillus laterosporus, silicic acid 1.7 parts of 1.3 parts of salt bacterium, 3 parts of algal polysaccharides and Sodium Alginate.
Wherein, poultry manure is selected from pig manure.
Wherein, stalk is selected from rice straw.
2nd, embodiment is prepared
Embodiment 6
It is a kind of to prepare the method that sugar orange any one of embodiment 1-5 plants special bacterial manure, comprise the following steps:
A. by weight, first take stalk, sugar orange branch, with pulverizer be ground into length less than 10mm powder, then with Poultry manure, sucrose mud, silkworm excrement and bone meal stir, and it is 30% then to adjust moisture, must pre-process farmers''s material, standby With;
B. by weight, plant ash, ferment bacterium, aspergillus oryzae, green wood enzyme, EM bacterium, bacillus laterosporus, silicic acid are first taken Salt bacterium, algal polysaccharides and Sodium Alginate, then the material of pretreatment farmers' described in step a is taken, all of above raw material is well mixed, It is then placed in carrying out fermentation 15 days in methane-generating pit, finally obtains fermentation maturity agricultural machinery fertilizer, it is standby;
Wherein, self- poking arrangement is carried in methane-generating pit, self- poking arrangement is stirred 3 times for every two days.
C. by weight, it is 18% to take out the regulation moisture of fermentation maturity agricultural machinery fertilizer described in step c, then takes phosphorus Fertilizer, potash fertilizer, nitrogenous fertilizer, send into granulator and are pelletized after above-mentioned all raw materials are well mixed, and obtain final product sugar orange plantation special bacterium Fertilizer.
Embodiment 7
It is a kind of to prepare the method that sugar orange any one of embodiment 1-5 plants special bacterial manure, comprise the following steps:
A. by weight, first take stalk, sugar orange branch, with pulverizer be ground into length less than 8mm powder, then with family Poultry manure, sucrose mud, silkworm excrement and bone meal stir, and it is 45% then to adjust moisture, must pre-process farmers''s material, standby;
B. by weight, plant ash, ferment bacterium, aspergillus oryzae, green wood enzyme, EM bacterium, bacillus laterosporus, silicic acid are first taken Salt bacterium, algal polysaccharides and Sodium Alginate, then the material of pretreatment farmers' described in step a is taken, all of above raw material is well mixed, It is then placed in carrying out fermentation 40 days in methane-generating pit, finally obtains fermentation maturity agricultural machinery fertilizer, it is standby;
Wherein, self- poking arrangement is carried in methane-generating pit, self- poking arrangement is stirred 1 time for every two days.
C. by weight, it is 24% to take out the regulation moisture of fermentation maturity agricultural machinery fertilizer described in step c, then takes phosphorus Fertilizer, potash fertilizer, nitrogenous fertilizer, send into granulator and are pelletized after above-mentioned all raw materials are well mixed, and obtain final product sugar orange plantation special bacterium Fertilizer.
Embodiment 8
It is a kind of to prepare the method that sugar orange any one of embodiment 1-5 plants special bacterial manure, comprise the following steps:
A. by weight, first take stalk, sugar orange branch, with pulverizer be ground into length less than 10mm powder, then with Poultry manure, sucrose mud, silkworm excrement and bone meal stir, and it is 38% then to adjust moisture, must pre-process farmers''s material, standby With;
B. by weight, plant ash, ferment bacterium, aspergillus oryzae, green wood enzyme, EM bacterium, bacillus laterosporus, silicic acid are first taken Salt bacterium, algal polysaccharides and Sodium Alginate, then the material of pretreatment farmers' described in step a is taken, all of above raw material is well mixed, It is then placed in carrying out fermentation 23 days in methane-generating pit, finally obtains fermentation maturity agricultural machinery fertilizer, it is standby;
Wherein, self- poking arrangement is carried in methane-generating pit, self- poking arrangement is stirred 2 times for every two days.
C. by weight, it is 21% to take out the regulation moisture of fermentation maturity agricultural machinery fertilizer described in step c, then takes phosphorus Fertilizer, potash fertilizer, nitrogenous fertilizer, send into granulator and are pelletized after above-mentioned all raw materials are well mixed, and obtain final product sugar orange plantation special bacterium Fertilizer.
Embodiment 9
It is the A of CN 104938281 by Chinese invention patent application publication No., a kind of entitled kind for improving sugar orange yield Fertilizing method during plant method is planted carries out planting experimentally sugar orange, and method is as follows:
During plantation:Often cheat and discharge phosphate fertilizer 1.5kg, lime 2.5kg, rubbish mud or pond sludge 30kg, pigs and cattle chicken manure 20kg base manure, Before plantation, nursery stock part branches and leaves are cut off, cut off main root, retain fibrous root;
Fertilizing management:After field planting 40 days, new root starts growth, can be drenched with 2-3 times of liquid dung dilution of becoming thoroughly decomposed and applied, and is applied every 15 days Once, since every plant of 5kg, planting Second Year, liquid dung 15kg, 0.15kg urea was applied every 30 days, was applied for every plant after 9 months 0.5kg potassium chloride;
Further, be watered for plant growth regulator 500ml before also including November bud differentiation by the fertilizing management 250 kilograms uniformly spray in the positive and negative blade face of crop, start to thank flower and plant growth regulator 500ml is watered into 240 kilograms of uniform sprays Apply, every bottle of 500ml of plant growth regulator is watered 230 kilograms and uniformly sprayed by fruit expanding period.
Manual method all erases tender shoots, or sprinkling 500-000ppm paclobutrazol, the winter cuts will be to fruitful branch, shedding branch Carry out cutting back.
Plant experimentally comparative study result as follows:
Experimental field select:Selection Yulin City of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Luchuan sugar orange planting base, embodiment is pressed in same planting site on the ground 1-5 formulas are prepared by the method for embodiment 8 and obtain the sugar orange special bacterial manure 1-5 samples of plantation;Embodiment 9 presses its fertilising side Method is applied fertilizer.Each embodiment plants experimentally 5 plants, and based on every mu of 200 plants of plantation, sugar orange is same kind, except embodiment is applied Fertilizer it is different outer, Effects of Fertilization Frequency all same, the fertilizer used in embodiment 9 is with the equal quality sugar orange special bacterial manure of plantation 1-5 samples replace, in fact same.
Continuously plant experimentally, contrasted to testing each data within the 4th year after plantation, wherein sugariness uses fruit sugariness to test Instrument is tested.Taste test be random selection 50 taste volunteers foretasted, after according to personal like score, 10 points of total score, Show that person's mouthfeel high is good.Soil regime evaluation and analysis selection has 5 experts for understanding in depth to evaluate to soil, finally provides knot Really.
Result is as follows:
As can be seen from the above results, embodiment 1-5 compared with Example 9, can significantly improve soil fertilizer in the present invention Power, long-term plantation will not cause soil acidification, hardened, be the green fertilizer of sugar orange sustainability plantation, while can improve Yield, increases the sugar content in sugar orange, reduces acid, raising mouthfeel and quality.
Described above is directed to the detailed description of preferably possible embodiments of the invention, but embodiment is not limited to this hair Bright patent claim, the equal change completed under the technical spirit suggested by all present invention or modification change, all should belong to Cover the scope of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of sugar orange plants special bacterial manure, it is characterised in that be made up of the raw material of following weight part ratio:Poultry manure 140- 170 parts, stalk 40-60 parts, 20-30 parts of sucrose mud, silkworm excrement 20-40 parts, bone meal 10-25 parts, sugar orange branch 20-40 parts, phosphate fertilizer 10-20 parts, potash fertilizer 15-25 parts, nitrogenous fertilizer 10-18 parts, plant ash 10-25 parts, ferment bacterium 1-4 parts, aspergillus oryzae 0.5-3.5 parts, it is green 0.7-2.4 parts of enzyme of color wood, 1-3 parts of EM bacterium, bacillus laterosporus 0.8-1.8 parts, silicate bacteria 0.8-1.8 parts, algal polysaccharides 1-5 parts and Sodium Alginate 0.8-2.6 parts.
2. a kind of sugar orange according to claim 1 plants special bacterial manure, it is characterised in that by the original of following weight part ratio Material composition:Poultry manure 150-160 parts, stalk 45-55 parts, 23-27 parts of sucrose mud, silkworm excrement 25-35 parts, bone meal 15-20 parts, it is husky 25-35 parts of sugared tangerine branch, phosphate fertilizer 13-17 parts, potash fertilizer 18-22 parts, nitrogenous fertilizer 12-16 parts, plant ash 15-20 parts, ferment bacterium 2-3 parts, Aspergillus oryzae 1.0-3.0 parts, green wood 1.3-1.8 parts of enzyme, 1.5-2.5 parts of EM bacterium, bacillus laterosporus 1.1-1.5 parts, silicate Bacterium 1.1-1.5 parts, algal polysaccharides 2-4 parts and Sodium Alginate 1.4-2.0 parts.
3. a kind of sugar orange according to claim 1 plants special bacterial manure, it is characterised in that by the original of following weight part ratio Material composition:155 parts of poultry manure, 50 parts of stalk, 25 parts of sucrose mud, 30 parts of silkworm excrement, 18 parts of bone meal, sugar orange branch 30 parts, phosphate fertilizer 15 parts, 20 parts of potash fertilizer, 14 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, 17 parts of plant ash, 2.5 parts of ferment bacterium, 2.0 parts of aspergillus oryzae, green wood 1.5 parts of enzyme, EM bacterium 1.7 parts of 2.0 parts, 1.3 parts of bacillus laterosporus, 1.3 parts of silicate bacteria, 3 parts of algal polysaccharides and Sodium Alginate.
4. a kind of sugar orange according to claim any one of 1-3 plants special bacterial manure, it is characterised in that the poultry-dung Just selected from one or more in cow dung, pig manure, chicken manure, sheep manure, duck excrement.
5. a kind of sugar orange according to claim any one of 1-3 plants special bacterial manure, it is characterised in that the stalk choosing One or more from maize straw, rice straw, wheat stalk, rape stalk.
6. it is a kind of to prepare the method that sugar orange described in claim any one of 1-3 plants special bacterial manure, it is characterised in that including with Lower step:
A. by weight, first take stalk, sugar orange branch, with pulverizer be ground into length less than 10mm powder, then with poultry Excrement, sucrose mud, silkworm excrement and bone meal stir, and it is 30-45% then to adjust moisture, must pre-process farmers''s material, standby;
B. by weight, plant ash, ferment bacterium, aspergillus oryzae, green wood enzyme, EM bacterium, bacillus laterosporus, silicate are first taken thin Bacterium, algal polysaccharides and Sodium Alginate, then the material of pretreatment farmers' described in step a is taken, all of above raw material is well mixed, then Being put into methane-generating pit carries out fermentation 15-40 days, and it is fertile to finally obtain fermentation maturity agricultural machinery, standby;
C. by weight, it is 18-24% to take out the regulation moisture of fermentation maturity agricultural machinery fertilizer described in step c, then take phosphate fertilizer, Potash fertilizer, nitrogenous fertilizer, send into granulator and are pelletized after above-mentioned all raw materials are well mixed, and obtain final product sugar orange and plant special bacterial manure.
7. a kind of method for preparing the special bacterial manure of sugar orange according to claim 6, it is characterised in that in the methane-generating pit With self- poking arrangement.
8. a kind of method for preparing the special bacterial manure of sugar orange according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the automatic stirring Device is stirred 1-3 times for every two days.
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CN107311720A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-03 钟山佳园生态农业有限公司 A kind of sugar orange fertilizer special for organic and preparation method thereof
CN107540448A (en) * 2017-09-14 2018-01-05 田阳县群姐砂糖橘专业合作社 A kind of special fertilizer of granulated sugar tangerine
CN108633575A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-10-12 广西昭平县古书茶业有限公司 A method of prevention tea white star
CN109370608A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-02-22 哈尔滨尼亚农业有限公司 A kind of soil conditioner and preparation method thereof for repairing farmland pollution object
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107311720A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-03 钟山佳园生态农业有限公司 A kind of sugar orange fertilizer special for organic and preparation method thereof
CN107540448A (en) * 2017-09-14 2018-01-05 田阳县群姐砂糖橘专业合作社 A kind of special fertilizer of granulated sugar tangerine
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CN109370608A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-02-22 哈尔滨尼亚农业有限公司 A kind of soil conditioner and preparation method thereof for repairing farmland pollution object
CN109439339A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-03-08 哈尔滨尼亚农业有限公司 A kind of conditioner and preparation method thereof enhancing soil permeability
CN109608256A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-04-12 哈尔滨尼亚农业有限公司 It is a kind of to improve soil hardening, soil conditioner of reduction salt damage and preparation method thereof

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