CN105917902A - Breeding method for beautiful millettia root - Google Patents

Breeding method for beautiful millettia root Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105917902A
CN105917902A CN201610263408.7A CN201610263408A CN105917902A CN 105917902 A CN105917902 A CN 105917902A CN 201610263408 A CN201610263408 A CN 201610263408A CN 105917902 A CN105917902 A CN 105917902A
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seed
breeding
soil
millettia speciosa
furrow
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黄自宇
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Guangxi Zhibao Technology Co Ltd
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Guangxi Zhibao Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/06Coating or dressing seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/08Immunising seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B17/00Other phosphatic fertilisers, e.g. soft rock phosphates, bone meal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers
    • C05D3/02Calcareous fertilisers from limestone, calcium carbonate, calcium hydrate, slaked lime, calcium oxide, waste calcium products
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

The invention relates to a breeding method for beautiful millettia root, and belongs to the field of agricultural breeding. The method specifically comprises the following steps: firstly, selecting a land suitable for growth of beautiful millettia root, applying fertilizer made by mixing self-made farmyard manure, tea seed bran, and quick lime in certain proportion, ploughing and bedding, wherein the self-made farmyard manure is made by mixed culture fermentation with beautiful millettia root deadwood, rice straws, sunflower stalks, peanut shells, animal bone meal, and pig, cow, and sheep manure, night soil as raw materials; then, selecting full beautiful millettia root seeds, after immersion disinfection by a disinfectant, mixing and dressing seeds with certain amount of a seed-dressing agent, and sowing; after that, controlling temperature and humidity of growing environment, spraying nutrient solution at fixed period, and culturing until seedlings emerge. The breeding method for beautiful millettia root is improvement on a conventional breeding method, and the method is simple in operation, low in production cost, and is scientific and rational, and seed germination speed is fast, and survival rate of seeds is high. The method is suitable to be used for large scale systematic breeding, and is good in practicality.

Description

A kind of breeding method of Millettia Speciosa
[technical field]
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural breeding method, the breeding method of a kind of Millettia Speciosa.
[technical background]
Millettia Speciosa has another name called pig's feet large bamboo hat with a conical crown and broad brim, Jin Zhonggen, Radix Millettiae Speciosae, and for pulse family Millettia plant, Main Ingredients and Appearance is protein, starchiness and alkaloid etc..Wild Millettia Speciosa is grown in the thick grass of hillside, is distributed in Hainan, Fujian, Taiwan Province, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hubei, Hunan, the ground such as Guizhou, Jiangxi.Millettia Speciosa is used as medicine with root, and the traditional Chinese medical science thinks that its sweet in the mouth, property are put down, returned lung, kidney channel;Major function is that qi-restoratives lung moistening, strong muscle are active, can be used for treating lumbar muscle strain, rheumatic arthritis, also can control lung-heat, cough due to deficiency of the lung, pulmonary tuberculosis, chronic bronchitis, chronic hepatitis, seminal emission, leucorrhea, has significant curative effect to improving immunity function.
At present, along with the research of Millettia Speciosa is gradually goed deep into by Chinese scholars, find in Millettia Speciosa containing multiple flavone compound, its Main Ingredients and Appearance is formononetin and maackiain, fixed compound structure also includes: syringaresinol, flemiphilippinin (flemiphilippinin) C, D, additionally containing 5,7,3', 4'-tetrahydroxy-6, the trace quantity mineral substance element that the double prenyl isoflavones of 8-, Radix Flemingiae Philippinensis element (flemichin) D, lupeol (lupeol), cupreol (β-sitosterol) and number are abundant.Millettia Speciosa contained substance has antioxidation, antiinflammatory, antitussive, the beneficial value such as anticancer, moreover it is possible to improve body immunity, therefore be prepared by the research and development being widely used in medicine and health product.In addition, along with expanding economy, the pursuit of health diet is the most gradually strengthened by people, and Millettia Speciosa is good to eat for Baoshang not only delicious flavour, the also effect of nourishing the liver and kidney, building body.Special efficacy in these areas makes the market demand of Millettia Speciosa day by day double, and therefore Millettia Speciosa industry has wide market prospect and economic benefit at home.
The standardized planting of Millettia Speciosa is the most just risen, and botany, biology and the genetics characteristic of Millettia Speciosa are not yet understood by people.Existing implantation methods is difficult to meet the market demand that Millettia Speciosa is growing, thus supply falls short of demand to occur in that Millettia Speciosa raw material.People also have recognized that this present situation, and start to pay attention to the scientific research of Millettia Speciosa, but the growing and cultivation of science and Biotechnology in Genetic Breeding are scarcely out of swaddling-clothes, currently used planting patterns mainly has induced breeding, branch cutting and the method for directly sowing, and these modes are all difficult to reach the target of implant mass and cultivation and production in short-term.The problem that operating process is complicated, germination is slow, germination percentage is low additionally, present stage Millettia Speciosa there is also in terms of artificial growth, poor growth, disease pest are poisoned, breeding potential is low.
[summary of the invention]
For the problems referred to above, the present invention proposes the breeding method of a kind of Millettia Speciosa, by the improvement to traditional breeding way, have found a kind of simple to operate, breeding method that production cost is low, this method has the advantage that speed of germination is fast, survival rate is high, it is applicable to large scale system breed, practical.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of breeding method of Millettia Speciosa, described breeding method comprises the following steps:
(1) choose that humus is abundant loose moistening, aeration is good, and pH is the red soil of 6-6.7, sandy loam or the brunisolic soil soil breeding soil as Millettia Speciosa, add fertilizer, turn over mix homogeneously, breeding soil is then opened furrow ditch bedding, and furrow spacing is 8-10cm, a height of 6-12cm of furrow, a width of 5-7cm of furrow;Wherein, described fertilizer includes making farm manure, camellia oleosa seed bran and quick lime by oneself, and weight ratio successively is (25-30): (3-5): 1, and described fertilizer amount is 0.2-0.5t/ mu;
Wherein, the manufacture method of self-control farm manure is: collect Millettia Speciosa deadwood, Oryza sativa L. stalk, sunflower stalk, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, animal bone powder and pigs and cattle sheep stool, night soil, then Millettia Speciosa deadwood, Oryza sativa L. stalk, sunflower stalk are made 3-5cm segment, it is (6-10) according to mass ratio successively with Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, animal bone powder, pigs and cattle sheep stool, night soil again: (6-9): (5-8): (4-5): (3-5): (5-8): (3-6) mixs homogeneously, after heap fermentation 10-15d, obtain described self-control farm manure;
(2) choose the Millettia Speciosa seed that appearance is full, with the 30-50 DEG C of dipped the surface of the seed of disinfectant solution, be then stirred continuously, after water temperature is down to 20 DEG C, stop stirring, continue to soak 6-8h;Wherein, described disinfectant solution by gibberellins with cold water according to 1:(5000-5500) volume ratio is obtained by mixing;
(3) being taken out by seed dipped in step (2), dry, the seed dressing adding 0.2%-0.5% seed quality is dressed seed;
(4) step (3) has been mixed the seed spacing program request with 3-5cm on the furrow that step (1) is opened, the thick soil of 2-3cm is covered again on seed, keep ambient temperature 20-25 DEG C of scope, one time of nutrition liquid is watered every 6-7d, keep the humidity of soil in 65-75% scope, cultivate until Millettia Speciosa seed sprouting;Wherein said nutritional solution is potassium dihydrogen phosphate, crosses double superphosphate and water according to 2:1:(2500-3000) quality prepare than mix homogeneously.
Further, in step (3), described seed dressing is any one in fine sand, burnt dust-ashes, calcium magnesium phosphate or ridomil.
The material details of self-control fertilizer of the present invention is as follows:
The raw material that self-control farm manure is selected includes: Millettia Speciosa deadwood, Oryza sativa L. stalk, sunflower stalk, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, animal bone powder and pigs and cattle sheep stool, night soil.Wherein Millettia Speciosa deadwood is the prior year to plant remaining residue, wherein contain a large amount of benefit materials to Millettia Speciosa root growth, the present invention re-uses this part resource, not only solves the use problem of residue Millettia Speciosa deadwood, also substantially increases the degree of Millettia Speciosa plant strain growth;Oryza sativa L. stalk, sunflower stalk and Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae contain a large amount of phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium element, these elements are to promoting that Millettia Speciosa growth of seedling provides important nutrient, and the biological nature of these three material, effect of chesson and ventilation can also be played in soil, provide optimal growing environment for Millettia Speciosa plant;Animal bone powder and pigs and cattle sheep stool, night soil then provide Millettia Speciosa growth necessary organic composition for soil.
Camellia oleosa seed bran contains the necessary nutrient of Millettia Speciosa growth of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium etc., can play and improve soil aggregate, improve the fertilizer conservation of soil, water conservation and the ability of effective microorganisms, make soil more breathability.Camellia oleosa seed bran is possibly together with the tea saponin of 15-18%, and tea saponin has effect of parasite killing, is soluble in alkaline matter.During use, adding the leaching of a small amount of quick lime, beneficially tea saponin in camellia oleosa seed bran, using effect more preferably, also can be passivated the various heavy toxic action to plant in soil.
The invention provides the breeding method of a kind of Millettia Speciosa, relative to prior art, it has the beneficial effects that:
The self-control farm manure prepared for raw material with Millettia Speciosa deadwood, Oryza sativa L. stalk, sunflower stalk, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, animal bone powder, pigs and cattle sheep stool, night soil is arranged in pairs or groups with camellia oleosa seed bran, quick lime and is mixed and made into fertilizer by the present invention by a certain percentage, for Millettia Speciosa breeding, can be the sprouting of Millettia Speciosa seed and the growth of seedling afterwards provides fully comprehensively nutrition, improve structure and the character of soil simultaneously, increase soil fertility, may also function as the effect of certain disinfection and deinsectization, for the condition that the growth offer of Millettia Speciosa is excellent;It addition, utilize agricultural waste material fermentation composting material, turn waste into wealth, it is achieved rationally recycling of resource, it is to avoid the waste of resource, reduce production cost.
It addition, the present invention the most strictly controls at the links of Millettia Speciosa breeding process.First, in the selection in soil, choose humus abundant, loose moistening, aeration is good, and the growth of applicable Millettia Speciosa in slightly acidic red soil, sandy loam or brunisolic soil soil;Secondly, strictly choose seeds, and use gibberellins and cold water to be mixed in proportion prepared disinfectant solution Millettia Speciosa seed carries out soaking disinfection, then broadcast sowing, to improve survival rate and the preventing disease and pest ability of seed after dressing seed with seed dressing;Further, by the control to growing environment, periodically sprinkle nutritional solution, sufficient supplies Millettia Speciosa Seed Germination desired nutritional, further ensure that its higher survival rate and preferable growing state.
In a word, Millettia Speciosa breeding method of the present invention is scientific and reasonable, simple to operate, and pest and disease damage corrodes few, and production cost is low, and germination speed is fast, and survival rate is high, it is adaptable to large scale system is bred, practical.
[detailed description of the invention]
The following examples can help those skilled in the art to be more completely understood by the present invention, but cannot limit the present invention by any way.
Embodiment 1
A kind of breeding method of Millettia Speciosa, described breeding method comprises the following steps:
(1) choose humus abundant, loose moistening, aeration is good, and the red soil soil of pH=6 is as breeding soil, adds fertilizer, mix homogeneously of turning over, and breeding soil is opened furrow ditch bedding, and furrow spacing is 8cm, a height of 6cm of furrow, a width of 5cm of furrow;Wherein, described fertilizer includes making farm manure, camellia oleosa seed bran and quick lime by oneself, and weight ratio successively is 25:3:1, and total consumption is 0.2t/ mu;
Wherein, the manufacture method of self-control farm manure is: collect Millettia Speciosa deadwood, Oryza sativa L. stalk, sunflower stalk, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, animal bone powder and pigs and cattle sheep stool, night soil, then Millettia Speciosa deadwood, Oryza sativa L. stalk, sunflower stalk are cut into the segment of 3cm, it is that 6:6:5:4:3:5:3 is mixed homogeneously according to mass ratio successively with Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, animal bone powder, pigs and cattle sheep stool, night soil again, after heap fermentation 10d, obtain self-control farm manure;
(2) choose the Millettia Speciosa seed that appearance is full, with 30 DEG C of dipped thes surface of the seed of disinfectant solution, be then stirred continuously, after water temperature is down to 20 DEG C, stop stirring, continue to soak 6h, wherein, described disinfectant solution is obtained by mixing according to 1:5000 volume ratio with cold water by gibberellins;
(3) being taken out by seed dipped in step (2), dry, the seed dressing adding 0.2% seed quality is dressed seed;Wherein, described seed dressing is fine sand;
(4) step (3) has been mixed on the seed interval program request with 3cm furrow after step (1) is turned over, cover upper soil thick for 2cm again, keep ambient temperature at 20 DEG C, one time of nutrition liquid is watered every 6d, keep the humidity of soil in 65% scope, cultivate until Millettia Speciosa seed sprouting;Wherein said nutritional solution is that potassium dihydrogen phosphate, excessively double superphosphate and water prepare than mix homogeneously according to the quality of 2:1:2500.
Embodiment 2
A kind of breeding method of Millettia Speciosa, described breeding method comprises the following steps:
(1) choose humus abundant, loose moistening, aeration is good, and the red soil soil of pH=6.2 is as cultivating soil, adds fertilizer, mix homogeneously of turning over, and breeding soil is opened furrow ditch bedding, and furrow spacing is 9cm, furrow height 8cm, a width of 6cm of furrow;Wherein, described fertilizer includes making farm manure, camellia oleosa seed bran and quick lime by oneself, and weight ratio successively is 30:5:1, and total consumption is 0.5t/ mu;
Wherein, the manufacture method of self-control farm manure is: collect Millettia Speciosa deadwood, Oryza sativa L. stalk, sunflower stalk, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, animal bone powder and pigs and cattle sheep stool, night soil, then Millettia Speciosa deadwood, Oryza sativa L. stalk, sunflower stalk are cut into the segment of 5cm, it is that 10:9:8:5:5:8:6 is mixed homogeneously according to mass ratio successively with Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, animal bone powder, pigs and cattle sheep stool, night soil again, after heap fermentation 15d, obtain self-control farm manure;
(2) choose the Millettia Speciosa seed that appearance is full, with 50 DEG C of dipped thes surface of the seed of disinfectant solution, be then stirred continuously, after water temperature is down to 20 DEG C, stop stirring, continue to soak 8h, wherein, described disinfectant solution is obtained by mixing according to 1:5500 volume ratio with cold water by gibberellins;
(3) being taken out by seed dipped in step (2), dry, the seed dressing adding 0.5% seed quality is dressed seed;Wherein, described seed dressing is burnt dust-ashes;
(4) step (3) has been mixed on the seed spacing program request with 5cm furrow after step (1) is turned over, cover upper soil thick for 3cm again, keep ambient temperature at 25 DEG C, water one time of nutrition liquid every 7d, keep the humidity of soil in 70% scope, training Educate until Millettia Speciosa seed sprouting;Wherein said nutritional solution is that potassium dihydrogen phosphate, excessively double superphosphate and water prepare than mix homogeneously according to the quality of 2:1:3000.
Embodiment 3
A kind of breeding method of Millettia Speciosa, described breeding method comprises the following steps:
(1) choose humus abundant, loose moistening, aeration is good, and the brunisolic soil soil of pH=6.5 is as breeding soil, adds fertilizer, mix homogeneously of turning over, and breeding soil is opened furrow ditch bedding, and furrow spacing is 8cm, a height of 10cm of furrow, a width of 6cm of furrow;Wherein, described fertilizer includes making farm manure, camellia oleosa seed bran and quick lime by oneself, and weight ratio successively is 28:4:1, and total consumption is 0.3t/ mu;
Wherein, the manufacture method of self-control farm manure is: collect Millettia Speciosa deadwood, Oryza sativa L. stalk, sunflower stalk, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, animal bone powder and pigs and cattle sheep stool, night soil, then Millettia Speciosa deadwood, Oryza sativa L. stalk, sunflower stalk are cut into the segment of 4cm, it is that 10:9:6:2:3:8:5 is mixed homogeneously according to mass ratio successively with Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, animal bone powder, pigs and cattle sheep stool, night soil again, after heap fermentation 12d, obtain self-control farm manure;
(2) choose the Millettia Speciosa seed that appearance is full, with 40 DEG C of dipped thes surface of the seed of disinfectant solution, be then stirred continuously, after water temperature is down to 20 DEG C, stop stirring, continue to soak 8h, wherein, described disinfectant solution is obtained by mixing according to 1:5200 volume ratio with cold water by gibberellins;
(3) being taken out by seed dipped in step (2), dry, the seed dressing adding 0.4% seed quality is dressed seed;Wherein, described seed dressing is calcium magnesium phosphate;
(4) step (3) has been mixed on the seed spacing program request with 4cm furrow after step (1) is turned over, cover upper soil thick for 2.5cm again, keep ambient temperature at 22 DEG C, one time of nutrition liquid is watered every 6d, keep the humidity of soil in 70% scope, cultivate until Millettia Speciosa seed sprouting;Wherein said nutritional solution is that potassium dihydrogen phosphate, excessively double superphosphate and water prepare than mix homogeneously according to the quality of 2:1:2600.
Embodiment 4
A kind of breeding method of Millettia Speciosa, described breeding method comprises the following steps:
(1) choose humus abundant, loose moistening, aeration is good, and the sandy loam soil of pH=6.9 is as breeding soil, adds fertilizer, mix homogeneously of turning over, and breeding soil is opened furrow ditch bedding, and furrow spacing is 10cm, a height of 12cm of furrow, a width of 7cm of furrow;Wherein, described fertilizer includes making farm manure, camellia oleosa seed bran and quick lime by oneself, and weight ratio successively is 27:4:1, and total consumption is 0.3t/ mu;
Wherein, the manufacture method of self-control farm manure is: collect Millettia Speciosa deadwood, Oryza sativa L. stalk, sunflower stalk, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, animal bone powder and pigs and cattle sheep stool, night soil, then Millettia Speciosa deadwood, Oryza sativa L. stalk, sunflower stalk are cut into the segment of 5cm, it is that 9:6:7:4:5:7:6 is mixed homogeneously according to mass ratio successively with Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, animal bone powder, pigs and cattle sheep stool, night soil again, after heap fermentation 13d, obtain self-control farm manure;
(2) choose the Millettia Speciosa seed that appearance is full, with 30 DEG C of dipped thes surface of the seed of disinfectant solution, be then stirred continuously, after water temperature is down to 20 DEG C, stop stirring, continue to soak 7h, wherein, described disinfectant solution is obtained by mixing according to 1:5300 volume ratio with cold water by gibberellins;
(3) being taken out by seed dipped in step (2), dry, the seed dressing adding 0.4% seed quality is dressed seed;Wherein, described seed dressing is ridomil;
(4) step (3) has been mixed on the seed spacing program request with 4.5cm furrow after step (1) is turned over, cover upper soil thick for 2cm again, keep ambient temperature at 24 DEG C, one time of nutrition liquid is watered every 7d, keep the humidity of soil in 75% scope, cultivate until Millettia Speciosa seed sprouting;Wherein said nutritional solution is that potassium dihydrogen phosphate, excessively double superphosphate and water prepare than mix homogeneously according to the quality of 2:1:2700.
Experiment case study
The inventive method is through lot of experiments, same kind of Millettia Speciosa is respectively adopted breeding method of the present invention, revulsion, cuttage and direct planting method and carries out breeding, and respective gained seedling is cultivated plantation further, record Millettia Speciosa seed sprouting situation and the average production situation of Millettia Speciosa root block after a year, then contrast.Emergence rate the results are shown in Table 1, and root block average production situation is shown in Table 2.
Table 1 Millettia Speciosa emergence rate
The present invention Revulsion Cuttage Directly planting method
Emergence rate/survival rate 99.0% 87.2% 76.9% 69.6%
Emerge/become live time 18d 25d 50d 30d
Table 2 Millettia Speciosa root block average production situation
The present invention Revulsion Cuttage Directly planting method
The length (cm) of root 34 30 28 26
Root is thick (cm) 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.2
Radical (bar) 5 5 5 5
Can be seen that from above-mentioned table 1 employing Millettia Speciosa breeding method of the present invention carries out breeding, emerging of Millettia Speciosa is fast, and emergence rate is far above other breeding methods;It addition, the Millettia Speciosa seedling that breeding method the most of the present invention cultivates, cultivating gained seedling relative to other breeding methods, plantation obtains the prosperity of root block after 1 year further, and productivity is higher.

Claims (2)

1. the breeding method of a Millettia Speciosa, it is characterised in that described breeding method comprises the following steps:
(1) choose humus abundant, loose moistening, aeration is good, and pH is the red soil of 6-6.7, sandy loam or palm fibre Loam soil as Millettia Speciosa breeding soil, mix homogeneously of turning over after adding fertilizer, then open furrow ditch bedding, furrow spacing is 8-10cm, The a height of 6-12cm of furrow, a width of 5-7cm of furrow;Wherein, described fertilizer includes making by oneself farm manure, camellia oleosa seed bran and quick lime, successively Weight ratio is (25-30): (3-5): 1, and described fertilizer amount is 0.2-0.5t/ mu;
Wherein, the manufacture method of self-control farm manure is: collect Millettia Speciosa deadwood, Oryza sativa L. stalk, sunflower stalk, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, animal Bone meal and pigs and cattle sheep stool, night soil;Then Millettia Speciosa deadwood, Oryza sativa L. stalk, sunflower stalk are cut into the segment of 3-5cm, then with Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae, animal bone powder, pigs and cattle sheep stool, night soil are successively according to (6-10): (6-9): (5-8): (4-5): (3-5): (5-8): the quality of (3-6) is than mix homogeneously, after heap fermentation 10-15d, described self-control farm manure is obtained;
(2) choose the Millettia Speciosa seed that appearance is full, with the 30-50 DEG C of dipped the surface of the seed of disinfectant solution, be then stirred continuously, treat After water temperature is down to 20 DEG C, stop stirring, continue to soak 6-8h, wherein, described disinfectant solution by gibberellins and cold water according to 1: (5000-5500) volume ratio is obtained by mixing;
(3) being taken out by the seed soaked in step (2), dry, the seed dressing adding 0.2%-0.5% seed quality is carried out Seed dressing;
(4) step (3) has been mixed the seed spacing program request with 3-5cm on the furrow that step (1) is opened, then on seed Cover the thick soil of 2-3cm, keep ambient temperature 20-25 DEG C of scope, water one time of nutrition liquid every 6-7d, keep soil Humidity in 65-75% scope, cultivate until Millettia Speciosa seed sprouting;Wherein, described nutritional solution is potassium dihydrogen phosphate, overweight phosphorus Acid calcium and water according to 2:1:(2500-3000) quality than mix homogeneously prepare.
The breeding method of Millettia Speciosa the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (3), described seed dressing Agent is any one in fine sand, burnt dust-ashes, calcium magnesium phosphate or ridomil.
CN201610263408.7A 2016-04-26 2016-04-26 Breeding method for beautiful millettia root Pending CN105917902A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN107032917A (en) * 2017-03-15 2017-08-11 广东金山百草健康产业有限公司 A kind of beautiful millettia root cultivates organic fertilizer special
CN107046967A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-08-18 忻城县力丰农业种植科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich beautiful millettia root
CN107721532A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-02-23 鹿寨县众生园中药材种植专业合作社 Beautiful millettia root special fertilizer
CN107771629A (en) * 2017-10-09 2018-03-09 广西吉朋投资有限公司 A kind of method of beautiful millettia root seed winter Pregermination and seedling breeding
CN107896890A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-04-13 桂林亦元生现代生物技术有限公司 The method for culturing seedlings and implantation methods of a kind of beautiful millettia root
CN107896896A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-04-13 鹿寨县众生园中药材种植专业合作社 The acclimation method of beautiful millettia root seedling
CN108101610A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-06-01 东兰县委荣村伟造林下药材种植合作社 A kind of special root system fertilizer of beautiful millettia root and preparation method
CN108184592A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-06-22 东兰县委荣村伟造林下药材种植合作社 A kind of cultural method of beautiful millettia root
CN108552001A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-09-21 东兰县委荣村伟造林下药材种植合作社 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of beautiful millettia root
CN109328532A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-02-15 罗城仫佬族自治县金陆地种养农民专业合作社 Beautiful millettia root seed seedling-raising method
CN110150004A (en) * 2018-03-13 2019-08-23 贺州学院 A kind of Flemingia philippinensis method for culturing seedlings
CN110583408A (en) * 2019-10-19 2019-12-20 卢昌宝 High-yield millettia speciosa champ planting method

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107046967A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-08-18 忻城县力丰农业种植科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich beautiful millettia root
CN107032917A (en) * 2017-03-15 2017-08-11 广东金山百草健康产业有限公司 A kind of beautiful millettia root cultivates organic fertilizer special
CN107771629A (en) * 2017-10-09 2018-03-09 广西吉朋投资有限公司 A kind of method of beautiful millettia root seed winter Pregermination and seedling breeding
CN107721532A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-02-23 鹿寨县众生园中药材种植专业合作社 Beautiful millettia root special fertilizer
CN107896896A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-04-13 鹿寨县众生园中药材种植专业合作社 The acclimation method of beautiful millettia root seedling
CN107896890A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-04-13 桂林亦元生现代生物技术有限公司 The method for culturing seedlings and implantation methods of a kind of beautiful millettia root
CN108101610A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-06-01 东兰县委荣村伟造林下药材种植合作社 A kind of special root system fertilizer of beautiful millettia root and preparation method
CN108552001A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-09-21 东兰县委荣村伟造林下药材种植合作社 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of beautiful millettia root
CN108184592A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-06-22 东兰县委荣村伟造林下药材种植合作社 A kind of cultural method of beautiful millettia root
CN110150004A (en) * 2018-03-13 2019-08-23 贺州学院 A kind of Flemingia philippinensis method for culturing seedlings
CN109328532A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-02-15 罗城仫佬族自治县金陆地种养农民专业合作社 Beautiful millettia root seed seedling-raising method
CN110583408A (en) * 2019-10-19 2019-12-20 卢昌宝 High-yield millettia speciosa champ planting method

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Application publication date: 20160907