CN106797723A - A kind of alkaline land improving system and modification method - Google Patents

A kind of alkaline land improving system and modification method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106797723A
CN106797723A CN201710215129.8A CN201710215129A CN106797723A CN 106797723 A CN106797723 A CN 106797723A CN 201710215129 A CN201710215129 A CN 201710215129A CN 106797723 A CN106797723 A CN 106797723A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
salt
soil
ground
improving system
alkaline
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
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CN201710215129.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾广军
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Beijing Army Show Consulting Co Ltd
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Beijing Army Show Consulting Co Ltd
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Application filed by Beijing Army Show Consulting Co Ltd filed Critical Beijing Army Show Consulting Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710215129.8A priority Critical patent/CN106797723A/en
Publication of CN106797723A publication Critical patent/CN106797723A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B77/00Machines for lifting and treating soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of alkaline land improving system and modification method, including device body, water inlet pipe is provided with device body, water pump, main shunt conduit, secondary isocon, the flushing that salt-soda soil is passed through into fresh water first, infiltration treatment is carried out by buried filter salt pipeline containing saline and alkaline moisture, increase in salt-soda soil simultaneously and spill organic fertilizer, rationally sow organic fertilizer, soil is set to increase in buffering, alkaline-resisting plant keeps the moisture of soil in earth's surface kind, the salt alkali content of soil is reduced by plant, the invention also discloses a kind of saline and alkali land improvement method, alkaline land improving system of the invention and modification method, fresh water consumption is low, salt solution discharge rate is low.

Description

A kind of alkaline land improving system and modification method
Technical field
The present invention relates to alkaline land improving technical field, specially a kind of alkaline land improving system and modification method.
Background technology
It is high that salt-soda soil refers to those salt contents, and usual pH is more than 9, it is difficult to the soil of growing plant especially crops Earth.According to institute's salt content and alkali number number, can also be further divided into slight (0.1%~0.25%), moderate (0.25%~ 0.5%), heavy salinizedly (0.5%~0.6%).
Salt-soda soil refers to that, containing too high solubility salt in soil, and salt concentration is higher, direct to plant growth Cause inhibitory action or harm.Saline Land is a global resource and ecological problem, and saline alkali land area is very in the world Greatly.The current common irrigation and drainage system of alkaline land improving has hidden pipe salt discharge, bright ditch salt discharge and bright row secretly to arrange the laying mode being combined. Existing this several ways need it is a large amount of just can guarantee that salt discharge effect toward fresh water is irrigated in salt-soda soil, fresh water consumption is big, waste The water source of fresh water and salt water for producing is big, it is necessary to the salt water of discharge is big, the substantial amounts of brine discharge of discharge can cause secondary again Pollution, in material acid or in alkalescence, the purpose of soil acidity or alkalinity is changed so as to reach.
It is of the invention with it is relevant, especially with regard to a kind of alkaline land improving system and modification method.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of alkaline land improving system and modification method, solve to be carried in above-mentioned background technology The problem for going out.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:A kind of alkaline land improving system and modification method, bag Device body is included, described device body is provided with water inlet pipe, and one end of the water inlet pipe is provided with main shunt conduit, the master The side of shunt conduit is provided with secondary shunt conduit, and water inlet pipe is respectively welded at the two of main shunt conduit with secondary shunt conduit Side, and be interconnected.
Preferably, the water inlet pipe is provided with water pump with the junction of main shunt conduit.
Preferably, the tube wall both sides of the secondary isocon are covered with ostium excurrens, and the inside of the secondary isocon is provided with Filter screen.
Preferably, its modification method is comprised the following steps:
A, level land, leave certain gradient, drainage trenching, so as to washing salinity by irrigation;
B, deep ploughing are suned the earth which has been ploughed up, the glutinous weight of all quality, the soil of bad hydraulic permeability dysplasia, particularly former platform saline-alkali wasteland, in rain Season is turned over before arriving;
C, loosen the soil in time, the machine cultivated by machinery is regularly turned over to salt-soda soil;
D, sealing bottom type soil moved in improve the original raise ground and ground flowerpot type raises ground;
E, storage fresh water on saline-alkali land for leaching, washing salinity by irrigation, big cave soil moved in improve the original, bottom set separation layer and ooze pipe salt discharge, and pipeline is set by underground Salinity is discharged to;
F, can by salt-soda soil increase apply chemical acidic waste calcium superphosphate, using a large amount of organic matters;
G, ground and the lift of ground flowerpot type soil moved in improve the original can also be raised to soil in the green manure of salt-soda soil plantation salt tolerant and herbage Ground measure high;
H, select alkaline-resisting plant and carry out distribution plantation;
I, depths is buried and oozes pipe in soil, is oozed the laying of pipe and is oozed pipe using closed two-stage of burying, and main isocon is direct Access open channel, main isocon horizontal range be 5m-15m, burying depth is 1m-1.2m, the end of secondary isocon set catchment, Well, secondary isocon uses osmos tube;
J, raise ground and divide into separation layer, draining pouring, salt are carried out using the discrepancy in elevation;
K, periodically salt-soda soil will finally be digged, periodically entered using the method for washing filtering, check surviving for trees The woods are carried out pulling out withered benefit green grass or young crops by situation.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Alkaline land improving system of the invention and modification method are light Water consumption is low, and salt solution discharge rate is low, both for Urban Landscape Construction creates colourful landscape, has reached to improve the soil again and has controlled The purpose of salt, so that it improves in terms of landscaping, greening, ecological benefits, urgent benefit etc..
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is device body structural representation of the invention;
In figure:1st, water inlet pipe;2nd, water pump;3rd, main shunt conduit;4th, secondary isocon;5th, device body.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the present invention is applied the technical scheme in example carry out it is clear, complete Ground description, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on this Embodiment in invention, the every other reality that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Example is applied, the scope of protection of the invention is belonged to.
Fig. 1 is referred to, the present invention provides a kind of technical scheme:A kind of alkaline land improving system and modification method, including dress Body 5 is put, device body 5 is provided with water inlet pipe 1, and device body 5 is when alkaline land improving is carried out simultaneously using improvement System carries out the soil improvement in salt-soda soil simultaneously, and one end of the water inlet pipe 1 is provided with main shunt conduit 3, the main isocon The side in road 3 is provided with secondary shunt conduit 4, and the tube wall both sides of secondary isocon 4 are covered with ostium excurrens, the secondary isocon 4 Inside be provided with filter screen, water inlet pipe 1 is respectively welded at the both sides of main shunt conduit 3, Er Qiexiang with secondary shunt conduit 4 Intercommunicated, water inlet pipe 1 is provided with water pump 2 with the junction of main shunt conduit 3.
Modification method of the invention is comprised the following steps:
A, level land, leave certain gradient, drainage trenching, so as to washing salinity by irrigation;
B, deep ploughing are suned the earth which has been ploughed up, the glutinous weight of all quality, the soil of bad hydraulic permeability dysplasia, particularly former platform saline-alkali wasteland, in rain Season is turned over before arriving;
C, loosen the soil in time, the machine cultivated by machinery is regularly turned over to salt-soda soil;
D, sealing bottom type soil moved in improve the original raise ground and ground flowerpot type raises ground;
E, storage fresh water on saline-alkali land for leaching, washing salinity by irrigation, big cave soil moved in improve the original, bottom set separation layer and ooze pipe salt discharge, and pipeline is set by underground Salinity is discharged to;
F, can by salt-soda soil increase apply chemical acidic waste calcium superphosphate, using a large amount of organic matters;
G, ground and the lift of ground flowerpot type soil moved in improve the original can also be raised to soil in the green manure of salt-soda soil plantation salt tolerant and herbage Ground measure high;
H, select alkaline-resisting plant and carry out distribution plantation;
I, depths is buried and oozes pipe in soil, is oozed the laying of pipe and is oozed pipe using closed two-stage of burying, and main isocon is direct Access open channel, main isocon horizontal range be 5m-15m, burying depth is 1m-1.2m, the end of secondary isocon set catchment, Well, secondary isocon uses osmos tube;
J, raise ground and divide into separation layer, draining pouring, salt are carried out using the discrepancy in elevation;
K, periodically salt-soda soil will finally be digged, periodically entered using the method for washing filtering, check surviving for trees The woods are carried out pulling out withered benefit green grass or young crops by situation.
Alkaline land improving system of the invention and modification method, fresh water consumption are low, and salt solution discharge rate is low, both for gardens are green Change to build and create colourful landscape, reached to improve the soil again and controlled the purpose of salt so that its from landscaping, greening, The aspects such as ecological benefits, urgent benefit improve.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with Understanding can carry out various changes, modification, replacement to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention And modification, the scope of the present invention be defined by the appended.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of alkaline land improving system, including device body (5), it is characterised in that:Described device body (5) is provided with into water Pipeline (1), one end of the water inlet pipe (1) is provided with main shunt conduit (3), and the side of the main shunt conduit (3) is provided with secondary Level shunt pipeline (4), water inlet pipe (1) is respectively welded at the both sides of main shunt conduit (3) with secondary shunt conduit (4), and It is interconnected.
2. a kind of alkaline land improving system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The water inlet pipe (1) is divided with main The junction in flow tube road (3) is provided with water pump (2).
3. a kind of alkaline land improving system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The pipe of the secondary isocon (4) Wall both sides are covered with ostium excurrens, and the inside of the secondary isocon (4) is provided with filter screen.
4. a kind of modification method of the alkaline land improving system described in claim 1 is realized, it is characterised in that:Its modification method bag Include following steps:
A, level land, leave certain gradient, drainage trenching, so as to washing salinity by irrigation;
B, deep ploughing are suned the earth which has been ploughed up, the glutinous weight of all quality, the soil of bad hydraulic permeability dysplasia, and particularly former platform saline-alkali wasteland is arrived in rainy season Turned over before coming;
C, loosen the soil in time, the machine cultivated by machinery is regularly turned over to salt-soda soil;
D, sealing bottom type soil moved in improve the original raise ground and ground flowerpot type raises ground;
E, storage fresh water on saline-alkali land for leaching, washing salinity by irrigation, big cave soil moved in improve the original, bottom set separation layer and ooze pipe salt discharge, and pipeline is set by salt by underground Divide and be discharged to;
F, can by salt-soda soil increase apply chemical acidic waste calcium superphosphate, using a large amount of organic matters;
G, can also salt-soda soil plantation salt tolerant green manure and herbage, ground is raised to soil and ground flowerpot type soil moved in improve the original raises ground Face measure;
H, select alkaline-resisting plant and carry out distribution plantation;
I, depths is buried and oozes pipe in soil, is oozed the laying of pipe and is oozed pipe using closed two-stage of burying, and main isocon is directly accessed Open channel, main isocon horizontal range be 5m-15m, burying depth is 1m-1.2m, the end of secondary isocon set catchment, well, it is secondary Fraction flow tube uses osmos tube;
J, raise ground and divide into separation layer, draining pouring, salt are carried out using the discrepancy in elevation;
K, periodically salt-soda soil will finally be digged, is periodically entered using the method for washing filtering, that checks trees survives situation, The woods are carried out to pull out withered benefit green grass or young crops.
CN201710215129.8A 2017-04-02 2017-04-02 A kind of alkaline land improving system and modification method Pending CN106797723A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107820766A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-23 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Heavy salinized region clover improves implantation methods
CN108124534A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-08 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Effectively reduce the method and system of washing salinity by irrigation improvement salt-soda soil water consumption
CN111406463A (en) * 2020-05-07 2020-07-14 广东飘之绿名木古树保护有限公司 Ventilating construction process for root system of ancient famous tree

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1120930A1 (en) * 1981-09-02 1984-10-30 Всесоюзный Научно-Исследовательский Институт Риса Method of land reclamation of salined soils
SU1724051A1 (en) * 1989-06-02 1992-04-07 Научно-производственное объединение "Дон" Method for solonetz and solonchak soils reclamation
CN105230167A (en) * 2015-10-12 2016-01-13 潍坊友容实业有限公司 System for improving coastal severe saline-alkali soil and constructing vegetation
CN106376264A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-08 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Saline-alkali land comprehensive improving system and improving method
CN106385829A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-15 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Underground-pipe combined mechanism used for discharging salt in saline-alkali land
CN206042736U (en) * 2016-07-12 2017-03-29 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of salt-soda soil soil improvement system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1120930A1 (en) * 1981-09-02 1984-10-30 Всесоюзный Научно-Исследовательский Институт Риса Method of land reclamation of salined soils
SU1724051A1 (en) * 1989-06-02 1992-04-07 Научно-производственное объединение "Дон" Method for solonetz and solonchak soils reclamation
CN105230167A (en) * 2015-10-12 2016-01-13 潍坊友容实业有限公司 System for improving coastal severe saline-alkali soil and constructing vegetation
CN206042736U (en) * 2016-07-12 2017-03-29 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of salt-soda soil soil improvement system
CN106385829A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-15 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Underground-pipe combined mechanism used for discharging salt in saline-alkali land
CN106376264A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-08 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Saline-alkali land comprehensive improving system and improving method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107820766A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-23 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Heavy salinized region clover improves implantation methods
CN108124534A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-08 潍坊友容实业有限公司 Effectively reduce the method and system of washing salinity by irrigation improvement salt-soda soil water consumption
CN111406463A (en) * 2020-05-07 2020-07-14 广东飘之绿名木古树保护有限公司 Ventilating construction process for root system of ancient famous tree

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Application publication date: 20170606