CN204741975U - Planting technique structure - Google Patents

Planting technique structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204741975U
CN204741975U CN201520464471.8U CN201520464471U CN204741975U CN 204741975 U CN204741975 U CN 204741975U CN 201520464471 U CN201520464471 U CN 201520464471U CN 204741975 U CN204741975 U CN 204741975U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cistern
soil
layer
salt
planting
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520464471.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王胜
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Weifang Yourong Industry Co Ltd
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Weifang Yourong Industry Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520464471.8U priority Critical patent/CN204741975U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/40Afforestation or reforestation

Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of the afforestation project, concretely relates to planting technique structure, include the planting hole of excavating in saline and alkaline soil, the wall of planting the hole is equipped with saline and alkaline isolation layer, and the bottom of planting the hole is equipped with pai yangou, plants the hole outside and is equipped with row salt well, arranges the salt well and arranges the salt ditch through arranging salt pipe intercommunication, the one end of planting the hole is equipped with the cistern, is equipped with the collector pipe that stretches out the cistern in the cistern, the other end from the top down who plants the hole has set gradually planting soil layer, biological soil layer, humus soil planting layer, filter layer and interlayer, the lateral wall of cistern is equipped with infiltration mouth, infiltration mouth and filter layer intercommunication. The utility model discloses a planting technique structure has reinforcing saline soil reclamation's effect, effectively prevents accumulation of salt in the surface soil alkali phenomenon, can impound and satisfy the required nutrient composition of vegetation, improves the plant survival rate.

Description

A kind of planting technique structure
Technical field
The utility model relates to afforestation project technical field, particularly relates to a kind of planting technique structure being applicable to alkaline land improving.
Background technology
Saline land refers to saline Land, and namely contained inside soil salinity has influence on the normal growth of crop, can be divided into light saline land, moderate saline-alkali soil and heavy saline.The basic reason that saline-alkali soil is formed is that water regime is bad, so at the improvement initial stage, emphasis should be placed on and improve above water regime of soil.A general point a few step is carried out, first salt discharge, the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, reduction soil salt content; Plant the plant of Salt And Alkali Tolerance again, fertilizing soil; Last long-term cropping.In landscape engineering, once geology is saline land, plant survival rate is low, and greening difficulty is very large.
Planting technique is carried out in saline land, and salt discharge is one of key measure.At present, the fresh water amount of alkaline land improving is large, needs often to water a plant during plant growth; Along with the change of environmental temperature and humidity, the salt in the bottom salt affected soil in the saline land after improvement and alkali can toward the motions of direction, ground, and destroy the root cell of plant, cause plant withered, alkaline land improving is difficult to thoroughly.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is: the deficiency existed for prior art, there is provided one can strengthen alkaline land improving effect, effectively prevent accumulation of salt in the surface soil alkali phenomenon, improve plant survival rate, can the planting technique structure that alkaline land improving is applicable to of retaining.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of planting technique structure, be included in the plantation hole of excavating in salt affected soil, the wall in described plantation hole is provided with saline and alkaline separation layer, and the bottom in described plantation hole is provided with salt discharge ditch, outside, described plantation hole is provided with salt discharge well, and described salt discharge well is communicated with by salt discharging pipe with described salt discharge ditch;
The one end in described plantation hole is provided with cistern, is provided with the collector pipe stretching out described cistern in described cistern;
The other end in described plantation hole is disposed with plantation soil layer, biological soil layer, humus soil plantation layer, filter course and interlayer from top to bottom;
The sidewall of described cistern is provided with seepage mouth, and described seepage mouth is communicated with described filter course.
As a kind of improved plan, described cistern upper end is provided with cover plate.
As a kind of improved plan, described filter course comprises nonwoven layer, sandy soils and medical stone layer from the bottom to top, and described seepage mouth is communicated with described medical stone layer.
As a kind of improved plan, described cistern and described medical stone layer connectivity part are provided with filter.
After have employed technique scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
Planting technique structure of the present utility model is included in the plantation hole of excavating in saline-alkali soil, and the wall in plantation hole is provided with saline and alkaline separation layer, salt affected soil can be prevented to be combined with planting soil, avoid accumulation of salt in the surface soil alkali phenomenon; The bottom in plantation hole is provided with french drain, and outside, plantation hole is provided with salt discharge well, and salt discharge well is communicated with salt discharge ditch by salt discharging pipe, effectively can be discharged with salt discharging pipe by the salinity of saline-alkali soil, reach salt discharge effect; Plantation is provided with cistern in hole, and the natural precipitation that the collector pipe in cistern can be collected outside plantation hole also once can fill water by collector pipe by cistern, stores the moisture needed for plant growth, avoids plant hydropenia to cause death; Cistern sidewall is provided with seepage mouth, and the moisture in cistern can enter in filter course through seepage mouth, and then meets the moisture needed for plant root growth; In plantation hole, the biological soil layer that is provided with of the other end and humic soil layer provide nutrient component for plant growth, and Promoting plant growth is grown.
Because cistern upper end is provided with cover plate, can avoid falling into soil in cistern, ensure that the water in cistern is pure.
Because filter course comprises nonwoven layer, sandy soils and medical stone layer, sandy soils has good air capacity of soils, and seepage mouth is connected with medical stone layer, and medical stone layer can accumulate moisture, and provides mineral matter for plant growth.
Because cistern and medical stone layer connectivity part are provided with filter, can prevent the materials such as sand from entering in cistern, keep the water in cistern to clean, also ensure that the water storage space in cistern simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of planting technique structure of the utility model;
Wherein, 1-saline-alkali soil, 2-salt discharge ditch, the saline and alkaline separation layer of 3-, 4-salt discharging pipe, 5-salt discharge well, 6-collector pipe, 7-filter course, 71-nonwoven layer, 72-sandy soils, 73-medical stone layer, 8-humus soil plantation layer, 9-cover plate, the biological soil layer of 10-, 11-kind plants soil layer, 12-cistern, 120-seepage mouth, 13-interlayer, 14-kind plants hole, 15-filter.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of planting technique structure, is included in the plantation hole 14 of excavating in saline-alkali soil 1, the wall in plantation hole 14 is provided with saline and alkaline separation layer 3, the bottom in plantation hole 14 is provided with salt discharge ditch 2, and plantation outside, hole 14 is provided with salt discharge well 5, and salt discharge well 5 is communicated with by salt discharging pipe 4 with salt discharge ditch 2; The one end in plantation hole 14 is provided with cistern 12, is provided with the collector pipe 6 stretching out cistern in cistern 12; The other end in plantation hole 14 is disposed with plantation soil layer 11, biological soil layer 10, humus soil plantation layer 8, filter course 7 and interlayer 13 from top to bottom; The sidewall of cistern 12 is provided with seepage mouth 120, and seepage mouth 120 is communicated with filter course 7.
In actual planting process, in saline-alkali soil, excavate the plantation hole 14 of plant growth, arrange saline and alkaline separation layer 3 at the wall in plantation hole 14, salt affected soil and planting soil can be isolated by such layout, avoid accumulation of salt in the surface soil alkali phenomenon; The bottom in plantation hole 14 is provided with salt discharge ditch 2, and the salt in plantation hole will enter into salt discharging pipe 4 with moisture, and salt discharge ditch 2 is communicated with salt discharge well 5 by salt discharging pipe 4, and a part of salt is discharged in salt discharge ditch 2, and a part of salt is arranged in salt discharge well 5, reaches salt discharge effect; The natural precipitation that collector pipe 6 in cistern 12 can be collected outside plantation hole also once can fill water by collector pipe 6 by cistern 12, stores the moisture needed for plant growth, avoids plant hydropenia to cause death; Cistern sidewall is provided with seepage mouth 120, and the moisture in cistern 12 can enter in filter course 7 through seepage mouth 120, and then meets the moisture needed for plant root growth; In plantation hole, the biological soil layer 10 that is provided with of the other end and humus soil plantation layer 8 provide nutrient component for plant growth, and Promoting plant growth is grown, and improves plant survival rate.
Improve as one, cistern 12 upper end is provided with cover plate 9.When laying filter course 7 and backfill humus soil plantation layer 8, biological soil layer 10 and plantation soil layer 11, cover plate 9 can be covered on cistern 12, avoiding falling into soil in cistern 12, ensureing that the water in cistern is pure.
Improve as one, filter course 7 comprises nonwoven layer 71, sandy soils 72 and medical stone layer 73 from the bottom to top.Nonwoven layer 71 is laid on the top of interlayer 13; the salt discharging pipe 4 of bottom is jointly protected with interlayer 13; sandy soils 72 has good air capacity of soils; seepage mouth 120 is communicated with medical stone layer 73; in cistern, moisture enters medical stone layer 73 through seepage mouth 120; and then medical stone layer 73 accumulates moisture, and provide the mineral matter needed for plant growth.
Improve as one, cistern 12 and medical stone layer 73 connectivity part are provided with filter 15, and filter 15 can prevent the materials such as sand from entering in cistern 12, keep the water in cistern to clean, also ensure that the water storage space in cistern simultaneously.
Improve as one, the tube wall of salt discharging pipe 4 offers the permeability hole of band filter screen, the salt in plantation hole can be entered into salt discharging pipe 4 with moisture, and then reach salt discharge effect.
Preferred as one, lay humus soil plantation layer 8 in plantation hole 14, because humus soil plantation layer 8 is the rotten mixture of plant defoliation, weeds and animal waste, the nutrient component of plant growth can be provided, Promoting plant growth.
Preferred as one, lay biological soil layer 10 in plantation hole 14, biological soil layer 10 is the compost with microorganism or earthworm, and microorganism can decompose withered grass fallen leaves or animal dead body, is convenient to plant absorption after decomposition as fertilizer.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all do within spirit of the present utility model and principle any amendment, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. a planting technique structure, is included in the plantation hole of excavating in salt affected soil, and the wall in described plantation hole is provided with saline and alkaline separation layer, it is characterized in that:
The bottom in described plantation hole is provided with salt discharge ditch, and outside, described plantation hole is provided with salt discharge well, and described salt discharge well is communicated with by salt discharging pipe with described salt discharge ditch;
The one end in described plantation hole is provided with cistern, is provided with the collector pipe stretching out described cistern in described cistern;
The other end in described plantation hole is disposed with plantation soil layer, biological soil layer, humus soil plantation layer, filter course and interlayer from top to bottom;
The sidewall of described cistern is provided with seepage mouth, and described seepage mouth is communicated with described filter course.
2. planting technique structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cistern upper end is provided with cover plate.
3. planting technique structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described filter course comprises nonwoven layer, sandy soils and medical stone layer from the bottom to top, and described seepage mouth is communicated with described medical stone layer.
4. planting technique structure according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described cistern and described medical stone layer connectivity part are provided with filter.
CN201520464471.8U 2015-06-30 2015-06-30 Planting technique structure Expired - Fee Related CN204741975U (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106342576A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-01-25 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Saline-alkali land plant planting device
CN106376430A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-08 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Irrigation and water conservancy circulating drainage-irrigating system based on drop irrigation
CN106386221A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Greening system for salt isolation and salt discharge in saline-alkali land
CN106818280A (en) * 2017-01-19 2017-06-13 北京乾景园林股份有限公司 A kind of salt-soda soil arbor planting bed
CN107503396A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-12-22 中国十七冶集团有限公司 A kind of hillside fields rainwater regulator control system
CN109168744A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-11 湖南博川农业发展有限责任公司 One kind planting planting apparatus for salt-soda soil to be green
CN110419284A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-11-08 上海园林绿化建设有限公司 A kind of strand greenery patches salt discharge alkali construction technology
CN111201853A (en) * 2020-01-13 2020-05-29 北京金隅节能保温科技(大厂)有限公司 Plant planting method based on porous cellucotton
CN112352491A (en) * 2020-09-15 2021-02-12 中国一冶集团有限公司 Saline-alkali soil improvement system and method
CN112753535A (en) * 2021-01-30 2021-05-07 刘奉红 Prefabricated structure for garden thin soil improvement planting

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106342576A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-01-25 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Saline-alkali land plant planting device
CN106376430A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-08 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Irrigation and water conservancy circulating drainage-irrigating system based on drop irrigation
CN106386221A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Greening system for salt isolation and salt discharge in saline-alkali land
CN106818280A (en) * 2017-01-19 2017-06-13 北京乾景园林股份有限公司 A kind of salt-soda soil arbor planting bed
CN107503396A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-12-22 中国十七冶集团有限公司 A kind of hillside fields rainwater regulator control system
CN109168744A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-11 湖南博川农业发展有限责任公司 One kind planting planting apparatus for salt-soda soil to be green
CN110419284A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-11-08 上海园林绿化建设有限公司 A kind of strand greenery patches salt discharge alkali construction technology
CN111201853A (en) * 2020-01-13 2020-05-29 北京金隅节能保温科技(大厂)有限公司 Plant planting method based on porous cellucotton
CN112352491A (en) * 2020-09-15 2021-02-12 中国一冶集团有限公司 Saline-alkali soil improvement system and method
CN112753535A (en) * 2021-01-30 2021-05-07 刘奉红 Prefabricated structure for garden thin soil improvement planting

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Granted publication date: 20151111

Termination date: 20210630