CN106761763B - A kind of shaft excavation machine and its construction method - Google Patents

A kind of shaft excavation machine and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106761763B
CN106761763B CN201611113817.5A CN201611113817A CN106761763B CN 106761763 B CN106761763 B CN 106761763B CN 201611113817 A CN201611113817 A CN 201611113817A CN 106761763 B CN106761763 B CN 106761763B
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China
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platform
slag
cutterhead
borehole
construction
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CN106761763A (en
Inventor
李建斌
肖威
杨聚辉
吕旦
周倩
史伟
闫扬义
冯琳
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China Railway Engineering Equipment Group Co Ltd CREG
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China Railway Engineering Equipment Group Co Ltd CREG
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Publication of CN106761763A publication Critical patent/CN106761763A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D1/00Sinking shafts
    • E21D1/03Sinking shafts mechanically, e.g. by loading shovels or loading buckets, scraping devices, conveying screws

Abstract

The present invention relates to vertical shafts to build technical field, more particularly to a kind of novel silo development machine, including the column being coaxially disposed with vertical shaft, the cutterhead of column lower end is set, main drive between cutterhead and column is set, the multiple stabilizers being mounted on around main drive lower end, one layer of platform being mounted on above multiple stabilizers, the supporting platform being fixedly mounted on around column upwards in turn, two-layer platform, three layers of platform, four layers of platform and support boots propulsion device, and it is vertically mounted on the deslagging device in the middle part of column, the cutterhead is fixedly connected with the output end of main drive.The present invention reduces disturbance of the explosion to stratum using mechanical excavation, borehole wall construction quality can be improved in mechanical excavation simultaneously, reduce super, deficient excavation construction amount, construction cost is saved, device height is integrated, and supporting can be closely followed after excavation, sky side is apart from small, borehole wall supporting is timely, it is ensured that construction safety, equipment design efficient deslagging device simultaneously.

Description

A kind of shaft excavation machine and its construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to vertical shafts to build technical field more particularly to a kind of shaft excavation machine and its construction method.
Background technique
Blind shaft construction technology mainly has normal sinking, boring method at present.Normal sinking capital equipment has rock drilling, muck The equipment such as machine, hanging scaffold carry out shaft excavation using drilling and blasting method, and complicated construction technique, efficiency are lower, worker safety's coefficient is low And labor intensity is larger;Boring method capital equipment is shaft drilling machine, and shaft drilling machine is using pressurization drilling, and drilling efficiency is lower, example Such as, some drilling tools encounter the stratum such as hard rock excavate efficiency it is very low, digging excavation diameter for drilling rod bear torque there is hardness to want It asks, the vertical being relatively large in diameter must be just able to achieve by excavation, reaming, cannot disposably complete to excavate, after drilling rod is broken It repairs more troublesome, has a significant impact to entire construction.In another example needing to cooperate stratum periphery before some Construction of Silo Perforating explosion is freezed, worker's underground work inclement condition, safety coefficient is low, and slag discharge efficiency is low after dregs excavates, and stratum periphery is cold Freeze higher cost.Traditional construction equipment and engineering method are still continued to use in the construction of vertical shaft at present, with the development of society, the disadvantage of traditional engineering method First day of the lunar year benefit shows, and limits the development of Construction Technique of Shaft.
Summary of the invention
Present invention aim to address the above problem, provide it is a kind of by the excavation of vertical shaft, slag tap, supporting, borehole wall construction, logical The constructions such as wind, draining are completed using mechanical equipment, and each equipment is organically integrated, and so that each process is realized parallel operations, and open Dig, slag tap, ventilation and drainage can remote control, reduce underground construction personnel amount, reduce personnel labor intensity, improve construction effect Rate and working security realize the shaft excavation machine of vertical shaft mechanized construction.
To solve the above-mentioned problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of shaft excavation machine, cutterhead, setting including the column, setting column lower end that are coaxially disposed with vertical shaft are in cutterhead Main drive between column, is mounted on multiple stabilizers at the multiple stabilizers being mounted on around main drive lower end One layer of platform of top, the supporting platform being fixedly mounted on around column upwards in turn, two-layer platform, three layers of platform, four layers it is flat Platform and support boots propulsion device and the deslagging device that is vertically mounted in the middle part of column, the cutterhead and main drive it is defeated Outlet is fixedly connected, and one layer of platform surrounds the surrounding of main drive, and the lower end of the deslagging device passes through main drive Dynamic device is mounted on the inside of cutterhead, and the upper end of the deslagging device is located at the lower section of support boots propulsion device, and described one layer It is provided with borehole wall constructing device between on the outside of platform and three layers of platform, control system is installed on the two-layer platform, it is described Three layers of platform on hydraulic system is installed, ventilating drainage system is installed on four layers of platform, the cutterhead includes The cutterhead body that is fixedly connected with main drive output end, is uniformly mounted on the cutter being fixedly mounted below cutterhead body Multiple slag cleaning devices of cutterhead body inside circumference and the collection slag dress that cutterhead body inside center is mounted on by swivel joint It sets, the center of the cutterhead body concaves, and dregs is delivered to collection slag device by multiple slag cleaning devices, described Collection slag device is located at the positive lower end of deslagging device.
The slag cleaning device include tool there are three the main support of end, be separately mounted to the drivings of three ends of main support Scraper chain that wheel, expansion tightening wheel and bend wheel, matching are set on driving wheel, expansion tightening wheel and bend wheel and being uniformly mounted on is scraped Scraper plate on plate chain.
The deslagging device includes the main support of slagging tap being vertically mounted in the middle part of column being arranged in, positioned at main support of slagging tap The main drive wheel of slagging tap of upper end, positioned at main support lower end of slagging tap expansion tightening wheel of slagging tap, matching be set in slag tap main drive wheel and go out Slagging tap between slag expansion tightening wheel and is mounted on the scraper plate of slagging tap slagged tap on scraper chain at scraper chain, and described slags tap on main support End offers slag notch and lower end offers slag inlet, and the slag inlet is located at the surface of collection slag device, and described slags tap Mouthful it is connected with sludge-store cabin, the dregs collected in slag device is delivered to sludge-store cabin by slag tap scraper chain and scraper plate of slagging tap.
The sludge-store cabin includes lower end of warehouse, the diversion mechanism being arranged at the feed inlet of warehouse, warehouse or so two The door being slidably installed at two discharge ports one and discharge port one that side symmetrically opens up, the diversion mechanism include installation Cylinder, one end on the warehouse driving plate hinged with cylinder tilt upward the shunting being fixedly connected with the other end of driving plate It cuts with scissors the fixed connection place of the limit plate to match with flow distribution plate being arranged on plate and warehouse, the flow distribution plate and driving plate It connects on warehouse.
The stabilizer includes the mounting base being mounted on main drive, the leg sleeve for being mounted on mounting base surrounding The stretching supporting leg and be mounted between supporting leg sleeve and the other end of stretching supporting leg that cylinder, one end are mounted in supporting leg sleeve Stretching oil cylinder.
The supporting platform includes the platform base being mounted on column, the ring-shaped guide rail of platform base upper end installation, passes through Revolving platform that ring-shaped guide rail and the idler wheel to match with ring-shaped guide rail are mounted on platform base, the folding being uniformly mounted on revolving platform Folded platform and equipment mounting base, lower end and the revolving platform of the folding platform are hinged.
The borehole wall constructing device includes the mould for being mounted on template loop wheel machine below the second platform, connecting with template loop wheel machine Plate and for the sliding cement pipe to template delivering concrete.
The support boots propulsion device includes the support boots column being fixedly mounted on around column, is fixedly mounted on support boots Support boots sleeve on column, the sliding block being slidably mounted in support boots sleeve, setting the driving sliding block in support boots sleeve move left and right Adjustment oil cylinder and be uniformly arranged multiple support boots in support boots all around stems, be provided with support boots between two adjacent support boots Oil cylinder is provided with the sliding slot to match with sliding block on the support boots, is provided with and pushes away between the upper end and sliding block of the support boots Oil inlet cylinder.
The main drive includes motor and the speed reducer being connected with motor output end, input terminal and deceleration The output end of the driving box that the output end of machine is connected, the driving box is fixedly connected with cutterhead, is pacified on the driving box It is sealed equipped with driving.
A kind of construction method of shaft excavation machine described above, comprising the following steps:
(1) start control system first, restart ventilating drainage system, hydraulic system, stretching stabilizer supports boots, finally Start the cutter and slag cleaning device, deslagging device, support boots propulsion device of cutterhead, cutterhead propulsive force, torque and fltting speed are by grasping The central computer control of room is controlled, personnel need to only input parameter;Slag cleaning device while driving, inside cutterhead Synchronous Cleaning cutter pan cuts broken dregs, and dregs is delivered to collection slag device, the dress of slagging tap above collection slag device It sets, dregs is transported to sludge-store cabin, after waiting hoppet, well-bucket to be hoisted to be delivered to equipment dress slag position by elevator, beat The door of sludge-store cabin is opened, dregs then enters well-bucket by discharge port one and is lifted out well by elevator after well-bucket is filled, if hung Bucket is not filled once, then controlling flow distribution plate makes dregs fully enter well-bucket, fills slag speed to improve, saving is slagged tap the time, such as This circulation, shaft excavation machine are slagged tap in driving, are realized parallel operations, are improved construction efficiency;
(2) while tunneling, slagging tap, the transport of downhole materials is carried out using well-bucket, such as reinforcing bar, steel mesh piece, equipment dimension Shield cutter etc. then carries out borehole wall construction after material transportation to underground;Shaft wall design is the cast-in-place borehole wall, then carries out reinforcing bar Binding carries out template demoulding, positioning, formwork erection, stopend bottom after the completion, carries out the borehole wall and pours, the borehole wall, which pours, uses concrete There can be the concrete delivery pipe of well-bucket or ground to underground to be delivered to underground before pouring, be delivered in template by sliding cement pipe Portion completes the borehole wall and pours;If Shaft wall design is gunite, after band material is delivered to underground, then vertical arch is carried out by worker, hung Net, the operation such as play anchor pole, whitewashing, complete borehole wall construction;
(3) it completes tunnel, slag tap, after borehole wall supporting one circulation, needs to operate stretching stabilizer, while setting using ground Standby Suspenoing apparatus stabilizing equipment complete machine withdraws support boots oil cylinder later, finally retracts propelling cylinder, completes support boots and changes step, back brace Tight support boots, recycle into next construction;In caving ground, easily collapses as the borehole wall is broken, before equipment driving, then need Stratum is pre-processed, stratum slip casting can be carried out, freezed, or squeezes into maintaining pile into stratum using equipment, it is pre- to carry out stratum Supporting carries out tunneling construction later, prevents the borehole wall from the problems such as side partially occur, while advanced drilling machine can also be used layer is surpassed over the ground Preceding detection, verify lower section geology after take corresponding measure, with guarantee construction safety, efficiently.
Gain effect of the invention is:
The present invention by the excavation of vertical shaft, slag tap, supporting, borehole wall construction, the constructions such as ventilation and drainage it is complete using mechanical equipment At, each equipment is organically integrated, make each process realize parallel operations, and excavate, slag tap, ventilation and drainage can remote control, Underground construction personnel amount is reduced, personnel labor intensity is reduced, improves construction efficiency and working security, realizes vertical shaft mechanization Construction.
The present invention drives cutterhead when excavating, through main drive, and cutterhead excavates stratum, reduces explosion Disturbance to stratum, while borehole wall construction quality can be improved in mechanical excavation, reduces super, deficient excavation construction amount, saves construction cost, if Standby highly integrated, for the present invention when excavating, the dregs of excavation is transported to collection slag device by the slag cleaning device of cutterhead, slags tap Scraper chain and slag tap scraper plate by collect slag device in dregs be delivered to sludge-store cabin, enter sludge-store cabin warehouse in when, Ke Yitong Know that the diversion mechanism at the feed inlet that warehouse is arranged in carry out water conservancy diversion to dregs, allow dregs can from the discharge port one on the left side or Discharge port one on the right of person is discharged, and then dregs is transported to outside vertical shaft by well-bucket again;Support boots propulsion device is mainly used for Equipment fltting speed, cutterhead plus-pressure, stabilizing equipment and Suspenoing apparatus are controlled, especially when excavating, to prevent equipment from existing Under the upward reaction force that cutterhead applies, move up;Stabilizer stabilizing equipment in the construction process, while also controllably setting up Standby driving attitude and realization gesture stability;Borehole wall constructing device can closely follow supporting after excavation, mainly by slipping ash Concrete conveyance in concrete mixer to template is carried out concreting by pipe, carries out supporting to the borehole wall.
The present invention reduces disturbance of the explosion to stratum using mechanical excavation, while borehole wall construction matter can be improved in mechanical excavation Amount reduces super, deficient excavation construction amount, saves construction cost, and device height is integrated, and supporting can be closely followed after excavation, and sky helps distance Small, borehole wall supporting is timely, it is ensured that construction safety, equipment design efficient deslagging device simultaneously, change former construction dregs and directly fill The mode of slagging tap of well-bucket, the sludge-store cabin of design still can continuously slag tap, well-bucket arrives for temporarily storing in well-bucket operational process After reaching, by the fast quick-mounting slag in slag storehouse, slag discharge efficiency is greatly improved, realization excavates, slags tap, supporting parallel operations, is greatly improved The integral construction efficiency of vertical shaft.Equipment designs multilayer platform simultaneously, protects the safety of equipment interior construction personnel, and equipment is most of Operation, can ground remotely control, reduce personnel in the pit's quantity, improve construction environment, realize the new breakthrough of Construction of Silo.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is cross-sectional view of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of sludge-store cabin of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of supporting platform of the invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the slag cleaning device of cutterhead of the invention.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, serial number in figure: 1 it is cutterhead, 2 is deslagging device, 3 is stabilizer, 4 is one Layer platform, 5 be supporting platform, 6 be main drive, 7 be two-layer platform, 8 be three layers of platform, 9 be borehole wall constructing device, 10 be Four layers of platform, 11 be support boots propulsion device, 12 be column, 13 be control system, 14 be hydraulic system, 15 be ventilating drainage system System, 16 be auxiliary construction system, 101 be cutterhead body, 102 be cutter, 103 be slag cleaning device, 104 be to collect slag device, 105 be Swivel joint, 103-1 are scraper plate, 103-2 is scraper chain, 103-3 is bend wheel, 103-4 is expansion tightening wheel, 103-5 be driving wheel, 103-6 main support, 201 for slag tap scraper plate, 202 for slag tap scraper chain, 203 for slag tap expansion tightening wheel, 204 for slag tap main drive wheel, 205 be main support of slagging tap, 206 be sludge-store cabin, 206-1 is warehouse, 206-2 is discharge port one, 206-3 is cylinder, 206-4 is drive Movable plate, 206-5 are flow distribution plate, 301 are stretching supporting leg, 302 are stretching oil cylinder, 303 are supporting leg sleeve, 304 are mounting base, 501 For platform base, 502 be ring-shaped guide rail, 503 be idler wheel, 504 be revolving platform, 505 be folding platform, 506 be equipment mounting base, 601 it is motor, 602 be speed reducer, 603 be driving box, 604 be driving sealing, 901 be template, 902 be template loop wheel machine, 903 is Sliding cement pipe, 1101 be support boots, 1102 be support boots oil cylinder, 1103 be propelling cylinder, 1104 be adjustment oil cylinder, 1105 be sliding block, 1106 be support boots sleeve, 1107 be support boots column.
A kind of shaft excavation machine of the present invention, the cutterhead including the column 12, setting 12 lower end of column that are coaxially disposed with vertical shaft 1, multiple stabilizers that the main drive 6 between cutterhead 1 and column 12 is set, is mounted on around 6 lower end of main drive 3, one layer of platform 4 for being mounted on multiple 3 tops of stabilizer, the supporting platform 5, two being fixedly mounted on around column 12 upwards in turn Layer 7, three layers of platform, 8, four layers of platform platform 10 and support boots propulsion device 11 and the dress of slagging tap for being vertically mounted on 12 middle part of column 2 are set, the cutterhead 1 is fixedly connected with the output end of main drive 6, and one layer of platform 4 is around main drive 6 Surrounding, the lower end of the deslagging device 2 pass through the inside that main drive 6 is mounted on cutterhead 1, the deslagging device 2 Upper end is located at the lower section of support boots propulsion device 11, is provided with borehole wall construction between one layer of platform 4 and three layers of 8 outside of platform Device 9 is equipped with control system 13 on the two-layer platform 7, is equipped with hydraulic system 14, institute on three layers of platform 8 Ventilating drainage system 15 is installed, the cutterhead 1 includes and the fixed company of 6 output end of main drive on the four layers of platform 10 stated The cutterhead body 101 that connects, is uniformly mounted on inside cutterhead body 101 cutter 102 for being fixedly mounted on 101 lower section of cutterhead body Multiple slag cleaning devices 104 of surrounding and the collection slag device that 101 inside center of cutterhead body is mounted on by swivel joint 105 104, the center of the cutterhead body 101 concaves, and dregs is delivered to collection slag device by multiple slag cleaning devices 103 104, the collection slag device 104 is located at the positive lower end of deslagging device 2.
The slag cleaning device 103 includes having there are three the main support 103-6 of end, being separately mounted to main support 103-6 Driving wheel 103-5, expansion tightening wheel 103-4 and the bend wheel 103-3 of three ends, matching are set in driving wheel 103-5, expansion tightening wheel Scraper chain 103-2 on the 103-4 and bend wheel 103-3 and scraper plate 103-1 being uniformly mounted on scraper chain 103-2.
The deslagging device 2 includes being arranged in be vertically mounted on the main support 205 of slagging tap at the middle part of column 12, positioned at slagging tap The main drive wheel 204 of slagging tap of 205 upper end of main support, the expansion tightening wheel 203 of slagging tap positioned at 205 lower end of main support of slagging tap, matching are arranged It slags tap on scraper chain 202 in the scraper chain 202 and being mounted on of slagging tap slagged tap between main drive wheel 204 and expansion tightening wheel 203 of slagging tap Scraper plate 201 of slagging tap, 205 upper end of main support of slagging tap offers slag notch and lower end offers slag inlet, it is described into Cinder notch is located at the surface of collection slag device 104, and the slag notch is connected with sludge-store cabin 206, and the scraper chain 202 and slagging tap of slagging tap is scraped The dregs collected in slag device 104 is delivered to sludge-store cabin 206 by plate 201.
The sludge-store cabin 206 includes warehouse 206-1, the diversion mechanism being arranged at the feed inlet of warehouse 206-1, warehouse It is slidably installed at two one 206-2 of discharge port and one 206-2 of discharge port symmetrically opened up at left and right sides of the lower end of 206-1 Door, the diversion mechanism include the cylinder 206-3 being mounted on warehouse, one end and the hinged driving plate of cylinder 206-3 206-4 and tilt upward the flow distribution plate 206-5, the flow distribution plate 206- being fixedly connected with the other end of driving plate 206-4 The fixed connection place of 5 and driving plate 206-4 is hinged on warehouse 206-1.
The stabilizer 3 includes the mounting base 304 being mounted on main drive 6, is mounted on 304 surrounding of mounting base The stretching supporting leg 301 and be mounted on supporting leg sleeve 303 and stretching that supporting leg sleeve 303, one end are mounted in supporting leg sleeve 303 Stretching oil cylinder 302 between the other end of supporting leg 301.
The supporting platform 5 includes the annular of the platform base 501 being mounted on column 12, the installation of 501 upper end of platform base Guide rail 502, the revolution being mounted on by ring-shaped guide rail 502 and the idler wheel to match with ring-shaped guide rail 502 503 on platform base 501 Platform 504, the folding platform 505 being uniformly mounted on revolving platform 504 and equipment mounting base 506, under the folding platform 505 End is hinged with revolving platform 504.
The borehole wall constructing device 9 includes template loop wheel machine 901 and the template loop wheel machine 901 being mounted below the second platform The template 902 of connection and for the sliding cement pipe 903 to 902 delivering concrete of template.
The support boots propulsion device 11 includes the support boots column 1107 being fixedly mounted on around column 12, fixed peace It is being supportted mounted in the support boots sleeve 1106 supportted on boots column 1107, the sliding block 1105 being slidably mounted in support boots sleeve 1106, setting The adjustment oil cylinder 1104 and be uniformly arranged around support boots sleeve 1106 that driving sliding block 1105 moves left and right in boots sleeve 1106 Multiple support boots 1101, support boots oil cylinder 1102 is provided between two adjacent support boots 1101, is arranged on the support boots 1101 There is the sliding slot to match with sliding block 1105, is provided with propelling cylinder between the upper end and sliding block 1105 of the support boots 1101 1103。
The main drive 6 includes motor 601 and the speed reducer 602, defeated that is connected with 601 output end of motor Enter the driving box 603 that end is connected with the output end of speed reducer 602, the output end and cutterhead 1 of the driving box 603 are fixed to be connected It connects, driving sealing 604 is installed on the driving box 603.
Construction method of the invention, comprising the following steps:
(1) start control system 13 first, restart ventilating drainage system 15, hydraulic system 14, stretching stabilizer 3, support Boots 1101, the cutter 102 and slag cleaning device 103, deslagging device 2, support boots propulsion device 11, cutterhead for finally starting cutterhead 1 promote Power, torque and fltting speed are controlled by the central computer of control room, and personnel need to only input parameter;While driving, The synchronous Cleaning cutter pan of slag cleaning device 103 inside cutterhead 1 cuts broken dregs, and dregs is delivered to collection slag device 104, dregs is then transported to sludge-store cabin 206 by the deslagging device 2 above collection slag device 104, waits hoppet, to be hoisted After well-bucket is delivered to equipment dress slag position by elevator, the door of sludge-store cabin 206 is opened, dregs, which is then entered by discharge port one, to be hung Bucket, after well-bucket is filled, is lifted out well by elevator, if well-bucket is not filled once, controlling flow distribution plate keeps dregs whole Into well-bucket, slag speed is filled to improve, saving is slagged tap the time, is so recycled, and shaft excavation machine is slagged tap in driving, is realized parallel Operation improves construction efficiency;
(2) while tunneling, slagging tap, the transport of downhole materials is carried out using well-bucket, such as reinforcing bar, steel mesh piece, equipment dimension Shield cutter etc. then carries out borehole wall construction after material transportation to underground;Shaft wall design is the cast-in-place borehole wall, then carries out reinforcing bar Binding carries out template demoulding, positioning, formwork erection, stopend bottom after the completion, carries out the borehole wall and pours, the borehole wall, which pours, uses concrete There can be the concrete delivery pipe of well-bucket or ground to underground to be delivered to underground before pouring, template is delivered to by sliding cement pipe 903 Inside 901, completes the borehole wall and pour;If Shaft wall design is that gunite is then stood by worker after band material is delivered to underground Arch, linked network, the operation such as play anchor pole, whitewashing, complete borehole wall construction;
(3) it completes tunnel, slag tap, after borehole wall supporting one circulation, needs to operate stretching stabilizer, while setting using ground Standby Suspenoing apparatus stabilizing equipment complete machine withdraws support boots oil cylinder 1102 later, finally retracts propelling cylinder 1103, completes support boots 1101 Step is changed, stretching supports boots 1101 later, recycles into next construction;In caving ground, easily collapse as the borehole wall is broken, in equipment It before driving, then needs to pre-process stratum, stratum slip casting can be carried out, freezed, or squeeze into dimension into stratum using equipment Fender pile carries out stratum pre-support, carries out tunneling construction later, prevents the borehole wall from the problems such as side partially occur, while can also be used advanced Drilling machine to stratum carry out forward probe, verify lower section geology after take corresponding measure, with guarantee construction safety, efficiently.
The present invention by the excavation of vertical shaft, slag tap, supporting, borehole wall construction, the constructions such as ventilation and drainage it is complete using mechanical equipment At, each equipment is organically integrated, make each process realize parallel operations, and excavate, slag tap, ventilation and drainage can remote control, Underground construction personnel amount is reduced, personnel labor intensity is reduced, improves construction efficiency and working security, realizes vertical shaft mechanization Construction.
The present invention drives cutterhead 1 when excavating, through main drive 6, and cutterhead 1 excavates stratum, reduces Disturbance of the explosion to stratum, while borehole wall construction quality can be improved in mechanical excavation, reduces super, deficient excavation construction amount, saving is constructed into This, device height is integrated, and for the present invention when excavating, the dregs of excavation is transported to collection slag by the slag cleaning device 103 of cutterhead 1 Device 104, slag tap scraper chain 202 and slag tap scraper plate 201 by collect slag device 104 in dregs be delivered to sludge-store cabin 206, entering When in the warehouse 206-1 of sludge-store cabin 206, the diversion mechanism at the feed inlet that warehouse 206-1 is set can be notified to come to dregs Water conservancy diversion is carried out, dregs can be discharged from the discharge port one on the left side or the discharge port one on the right, then passes through well-bucket again for slag Soil is transported to outside vertical shaft;Support boots propulsion device 11 be mainly used for control equipment fltting speed, cutterhead plus-pressure, stabilizing equipment and Suspenoing apparatus, to prevent equipment under the upward reaction force that cutterhead 1 applies, moves up especially when excavating;Surely Determine the stabilizing equipment in the construction process of device 3, while going back controllable device driving attitude and realizing gesture stability;Borehole wall constructing device 9 can closely follow supporting after excavation, mainly pass through sliding cement pipe 903 for the concrete conveyance in concrete mixer to mould Plate 901 carries out concreting, carries out supporting to the borehole wall.
The present invention reduces disturbance of the explosion to stratum using mechanical excavation, while borehole wall construction matter can be improved in mechanical excavation Amount reduces super, deficient excavation construction amount, saves construction cost, and device height is integrated, and supporting can be closely followed after excavation, and sky helps distance Small, borehole wall supporting is timely, it is ensured that construction safety, equipment design efficient deslagging device simultaneously, change former construction dregs and directly fill The mode of slagging tap of well-bucket, the sludge-store cabin 206 of design still can continuously slag tap in well-bucket operational process, hang for temporarily storing After bucket reaches, by the fast quick-mounting slag in slag storehouse, slag discharge efficiency is greatly improved, realization excavates, slags tap, supporting parallel operations, can be significantly Improve the integral construction efficiency of vertical shaft.Equipment designs multilayer platform simultaneously, protects the safety of equipment interior construction personnel, and equipment is big Part operation, can ground remotely control, reduce personnel in the pit's quantity, improve construction environment, realize the new breakthrough of Construction of Silo.
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the present invention have been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and what is described in the above embodiment and the description is only the present invention Principle, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, these variation and Improvement is both fallen in the range of claimed invention.The present invention claims protection scope by appended claims and its Equivalent defines.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of shaft excavation machine, it is characterised in that: including be coaxially disposed with vertical shaft column, be arranged column lower end cutterhead, Main drive between cutterhead and column is set, multiple stabilizers for being mounted on around main drive lower end, is mounted on One layer of platform above multiple stabilizers, the supporting platform being fixedly mounted on around column upwards in turn, two-layer platform, three layers it is flat Platform, four layers of platform and support boots propulsion device and the deslagging device being vertically mounted in the middle part of column, the cutterhead and main driving The output end of device is fixedly connected, and one layer of platform surrounds the surrounding of main drive, the lower end of the deslagging device The inside of cutterhead is mounted on across main drive, the upper end of the deslagging device is located at the lower section of support boots propulsion device, institute It is provided with borehole wall constructing device between on the outside of the one layer of platform and three layers of platform stated, control system is installed on the two-layer platform It unites, hydraulic system is installed on three layers of platform, ventilating drainage system, the knife are installed on four layers of platform Disk include the cutterhead body being fixedly connected with main drive output end, the cutter being fixedly mounted below cutterhead body, uniformly It is mounted on multiple slag cleaning devices of cutterhead body inside circumference and cutterhead body inside center is mounted on by swivel joint Collecting slag device, the center of the cutterhead body concaves, and dregs is delivered to collection slag device by multiple slag cleaning devices, The collection slag device is located at the positive lower end of deslagging device.
2. a kind of shaft excavation machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the slag cleaning device includes there are three tools The main support of end, the driving wheel for being separately mounted to three ends of main support, expansion tightening wheel and bend wheel, matching are set in driving Wheel, expansion tightening wheel and scraper chain on bend wheel and the scraper plate being uniformly mounted on scraper chain.
3. a kind of shaft excavation machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the deslagging device includes that setting is being hung down Directly be mounted on main support of slagging tap in the middle part of column, positioned at the main drive wheel of slagging tap for main support upper end of slagging tap, positioned at main support of slagging tap The expansion tightening wheel of slagging tap of lower end, matching are set in slag tap scraper chain and the installation slagged tap between main drive wheel and expansion tightening wheel of slagging tap In the scraper plate of slagging tap on scraper chain of slagging tap, the main support upper end of slagging tap offers slag notch and lower end offers slag inlet, The slag inlet is located at the surface of collection slag device, and the slag notch is connected with sludge-store cabin, and the scraper chain and slagging tap of slagging tap is scraped The dregs collected in slag device is delivered to sludge-store cabin by plate.
4. a kind of shaft excavation machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the sludge-store cabin includes warehouse, setting Diversion mechanism at the feed inlet of warehouse, two discharge ports one symmetrically opened up at left and right sides of the lower end of warehouse and discharging The door being slidably installed at mouthful one, the diversion mechanism include the cylinder being mounted on warehouse, one end and the hinged drive of cylinder Movable plate tilts upward matching with flow distribution plate of being arranged on the flow distribution plate and warehouse being fixedly connected with the other end of driving plate Limit plate, the fixed connection place of the flow distribution plate and driving plate is hinged on warehouse.
5. a kind of shaft excavation machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the stabilizer includes being mounted on main drive Mounting base on dynamic device, the supporting leg sleeve for being mounted on mounting base surrounding, one end be mounted on stretching supporting leg in supporting leg sleeve, with And it is mounted on the stretching oil cylinder between supporting leg sleeve and the other end of stretching supporting leg.
6. a kind of shaft excavation machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the supporting platform is vertical including being mounted on The ring-shaped guide rail of platform base, the installation of platform base upper end on column is pacified by ring-shaped guide rail and the idler wheel to match with ring-shaped guide rail Revolving platform on platform base, the folding platform being uniformly mounted on revolving platform and equipment mounting base, the folding platform Lower end be hinged with revolving platform.
7. a kind of shaft excavation machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the borehole wall constructing device includes installation Template loop wheel machine below the second platform, the template being connect with template loop wheel machine and for slipping ash to template delivering concrete Pipe.
8. a kind of shaft excavation machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the support boots propulsion device includes fixing The support boots column that is mounted on around column, is slidably mounted on support boots set at the support boots sleeve being fixedly mounted on support boots column Sliding block in cylinder is arranged in the adjustment oil cylinder that moves left and right of driving sliding block in support boots sleeve and is uniformly arranged in support boots sleeve Around multiple support boots, be provided between two adjacent support boots and support boots oil cylinder, be provided with and sliding block phase on the support boots The sliding slot matched is provided with propelling cylinder between the upper end and sliding block of the support boots.
9. a kind of shaft excavation machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the main drive include motor, And the driving box that speed reducer, the input terminal being connected with motor output end are connected with the output end of speed reducer, the drive The output end of dynamic case is fixedly connected with cutterhead, and driving sealing is equipped on the driving box.
10. a kind of construction method of shaft excavation machine described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included:
(1) start control system first, restart ventilating drainage system, hydraulic system, stretching stabilizer, support boots finally start The cutter and slag cleaning device of cutterhead, deslagging device, support boots propulsion device, cutterhead propulsive force, torque and fltting speed are by control room Central computer control, personnel need to only input parameter;While driving, the slag cleaning device inside cutterhead is synchronous Cleaning cutter pan cuts broken dregs, and dregs is delivered to collection slag device, and the deslagging device above collection slag device is then Dregs is transported to sludge-store cabin, after waiting hoppet, well-bucket to be hoisted to be delivered to equipment dress slag position by elevator, opens storage The door in slag storehouse, dregs then enters well-bucket by discharge port one and is lifted out well by elevator after well-bucket is filled, if well-bucket does not have It once fills, then controlling flow distribution plate makes dregs fully enter well-bucket, fills slag speed to improve, saving is slagged tap the time, so followed Ring, shaft excavation machine are slagged tap in driving, are realized parallel operations, are improved construction efficiency;
(2) while tunneling, slagging tap, the transport of downhole materials is carried out using well-bucket, as reinforcing bar, steel mesh piece, plant maintenance are used Cutter then carries out borehole wall construction after material transportation to underground;Shaft wall design is the cast-in-place borehole wall, then carries out reinforcing bar binding, complete Cheng Hou carries out template demoulding, positioning, formwork erection, stopend bottom, carries out the borehole wall and pours, the borehole wall is poured can poured with concrete Before building, there is the concrete delivery pipe of well-bucket or ground to underground to be delivered to underground, be delivered to inside template by sliding cement pipe, completes The borehole wall pours;If Shaft wall design is gunite, after band material is delivered to underground, then vertical arch is carried out by worker, linked network, makes anchor Bar, whitewashing operation, complete the borehole wall construction;
(3) it completes tunnel, slag tap, after borehole wall supporting one circulation, needs to operate stretching stabilizer, while outstanding using ground installation Equipment stabilizing equipment complete machine is hung, support boots oil cylinder is withdrawn later, finally retracts propelling cylinder, support boots is completed and changes step, stretching supports later Boots are recycled into next construction;In caving ground, easily collapses as the borehole wall is broken, before equipment driving, then need over the ground Layer is pre-processed, and can be carried out stratum slip casting, be freezed, or maintaining pile is squeezed into stratum using equipment, carries out stratum pre-support, Tunneling construction is carried out later, prevents the borehole wall from the problem of side partially occur, while advanced drilling machine can also be used layer is visited in advance over the ground Survey, verify lower section geology after take corresponding measure, with guarantee construction safety, efficiently.
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CN109958440B (en) * 2017-12-25 2021-07-30 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 Novel split type shaft heading machine
CN109958441A (en) * 2017-12-25 2019-07-02 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 A kind of shaft sinking cutterhead
CN110206546B (en) * 2019-07-12 2021-08-10 中国铁建重工集团股份有限公司 Shaft cutter head, shaft heading machine and shaft drilling machine
CN111287752B (en) * 2020-04-08 2021-05-28 中铁工程装备集团有限公司 Multi-cutter-head large-section shaft tunneling device
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