CN208950581U - A kind of drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine - Google Patents

A kind of drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208950581U
CN208950581U CN201821742278.6U CN201821742278U CN208950581U CN 208950581 U CN208950581 U CN 208950581U CN 201821742278 U CN201821742278 U CN 201821742278U CN 208950581 U CN208950581 U CN 208950581U
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China
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shaft
oil cylinder
driving
raising
pressure
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CN201821742278.6U
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Inventor
杨聚辉
肖威
赵飞
周倩
张瑜峰
闫杨义
冯琳
吕旦
吴彦星
袁征
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China Railway Engineering Equipment Group Co Ltd CREG
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China Railway Engineering Equipment Group Co Ltd CREG
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine, solves the problems such as shaft excavation mechanization in the prior art, the degree of automation is low, risk factor is high.The utility model includes driving system, control system and detection system, driving system includes excavating device and borehole wall pressure-raising device, it originates and is equipped with bottom tube coupling and guide holder in vertical shaft, lower tube section is in the lower section of guide holder, guide holder is equipped with driving fixed frame, the lower part of driving fixed frame is connected by propelling cylinder with bottom tube coupling, fixed frame is driven to be equipped with slewing equipment, the lower part of slewing equipment is equipped with reversing frame, excavating device is connected with reversing frame, slewing equipment is equipped with hydraulic power unit, driving device and deslagging device, deslagging device is corresponding with grab bucket is promoted.The utility model is modular shaft excavation machine, carries out mechanization excavation and support to vertical shaft, whole process excavates precision and a rate of advance improves, and realizes mechanical automation construction, improves work efficiency and construction safety coefficient.

Description

A kind of drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of tunnel construction, particularly relate to a kind of drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine.
Background technique
Work shaft is widely used in underground space development field, such as shield launching, reception vertical shaft, mining vertical shaft, water Sharp engineering vertical shaft, tunnel ventilation vertical shaft, underground fortification vertical shaft, underground three-dimensional garage vertical shaft etc..Currently, shaft excavation is normal It is still hand excavation, is excavated on one side, the cast-in-place borehole wall or the prefabricated Intersecting Parallels that sinks be at supporting on one side, mechanization, automatic Change degree is generally lower, and work progress security risk is high, and overall construction cost is high.
Utility model content
For the deficiency in above-mentioned background technique, the utility model proposes a kind of drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine, solve existing There is the problems such as shaft excavation mechanization in technology, the degree of automation is low, risk factor is high, construction cost is high.
The technical solution of the utility model is achieved in that a kind of drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine, including driving system, control System and detection system processed, the driving system include excavating device and borehole wall pressure-raising device, and borehole wall pressure-raising device is arranged on ground On well head collar tie beam on face, excavating device is arranged in originating vertical shaft, originates and is equipped with bottom tube coupling and guide holder, bottom in vertical shaft Tube coupling is located at the lower section of guide holder, and guide holder is equipped with driving fixed frame, the lower part of fixed frame is driven to pass through propelling cylinder and bottom Portion's tube coupling is connected, and driving fixed frame is equipped with slewing equipment, and the lower part of slewing equipment is equipped with reversing frame, excavating device and revolution Frame is connected, and slewing equipment is equipped with hydraulic power unit, driving device and deslagging device, and driving device is connected with slewing equipment, Deslagging device is corresponding with the promotion grab bucket of setting on the ground.
The borehole wall pressure-raising device includes the bottom plate being arranged on well head collar tie beam, is set on bottom plate there are two supporting box, is propped up It supports box house and is equipped with pressure-raising oil cylinder, supporting box is equipped with sliding case, and sliding case is matched with supporting box, the fixation of pressure-raising oil cylinder End is connected by cylinder pedestal with bottom plate, and the telescopic end of pressure-raising oil cylinder is connected with sliding case, and sliding case is moved along supporting box, sliding Case is equipped with movable latch component, and bottom plate is equipped with Fixed latches component, and movable latch component is corresponding with Fixed latches component.
The movable latch component includes the first telescopic oil cylinder and the first axle bed, and the one of sliding case is arranged in the first telescopic oil cylinder Side, the first axle bed are arranged in the other side of sliding case, are movably equipped with the first pin shaft, the telescopic end of the first telescopic oil cylinder in the first axle bed It is hinged with the first pin shaft;First telescopic oil cylinder is horizontally disposed, and the first telescopic oil cylinder and the first pin shaft are located in same horizontal line.
The Fixed latches component includes the second telescopic oil cylinder and the second axle bed, the second telescopic oil cylinder and the second axle bed with Bottom plate is fixedly connected, and the second pin shaft is movably equipped in the second axle bed, and the telescopic end of the second telescopic oil cylinder and the second pin shaft are hinged;The Two telescopic oil cylinders are horizontally disposed, and the second telescopic oil cylinder and the second pin shaft are located on same level straight line;First pin shaft is located at second Right above pin shaft.
The well head collar tie beam is equipped at least two borehole wall pressure-raising devices, and borehole wall pressure-raising device is equidistantly positioned in well head circle Liang Shang, the driving device include that driving device and device for revolving and driving are dug in milling.
The excavating device includes that at least one excavates mechanism, and excavating mechanism includes swing arm, one end of swing arm and reversing frame Hingedly, the other end is equipped with milling and digs knife group, and swing arm is equipped with oscillating oil cylinder, and one end of oscillating oil cylinder and swing arm are hinged, another End is connected with reversing frame, and milling digs knife group and is connected with the milling of driving device digging driving device.
The slewing equipment includes revolution inner support and revolution outer support, and revolution inner support is connected with driving fixed frame, Outer support and revolution inner support rotation connection are turned round, revolution outer support is fixedly connected with reversing frame, the revolution driving of driving device Device is connected with revolution outer support and drives revolution outer support rotation.
The revolution inner support is equipped with dregs transportation channel, and it is corresponding with dregs transportation channel to promote grab bucket.
A kind of construction method of drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine, include the following steps: S1: bottom tube coupling can be installed by excavating out Originate vertical shaft, and well head peripheral part is hardened, forms well head collar tie beam;Originating bottom tube coupling is installed in vertical shaft, and Borehole wall pressure-raising device is fixedly mounted on well head collar tie beam;
S2: operational module in well is installed inside the bottom tube coupling in S1;On ground installation control system, detection system, Lifting system connects related pipeline;
S3: after each module in the good S2 of installation and debugging, the quasi- tube coupling of a feast-brand mark, behaviour are installed in the top of the bottom tube coupling in S2 Make propelling cylinder and oscillating oil cylinder, propelling cylinder and oscillating oil cylinder is made to be in fully extended state, is in excavating device and begins Vertical shaft center is sent out, driving device is set in the milling digging started on excavating device, drives the excavation mechanism rotation on excavating device, together Shi Qidong device for revolving and driving drives slewing equipment rotation, and then drives excavating device revolution, while manipulating propelling cylinder feeding, It realizes and digging excavation is carried out to the ground of bottom tube coupling lower central part position;
S4: after having excavated the ground for originating vertical shaft centre, closing device for revolving and driving, stops returning for slewing equipment Transhipment is dynamic, adjusts propelling cylinder, stretches out propelling cylinder, promotes excavating device to elemental height, controls oscillating oil cylinder and shrink one Determine stroke, be then again started up device for revolving and driving, slewing equipment is driven to carry out rotary motion, at the same control propelling cylinder into To stroke, continue the ground for excavating bottom tube coupling lower part;
S5: step S3 ~ S4 is repeated, the outline excavation of excavating device is controlled, makes the ground outline excavation of bottom tube coupling lower part In coniform;
S6: it when excavating device is after the cutting depth for originating vertical shaft center reaches the feed distance of propelling cylinder, closes Driving device and device for revolving and driving are dug in milling, are fully retracted oscillating oil cylinder, promote excavating device to elemental height;Control is promoted and is grabbed It struggles against and scarfing cinder work is carried out to the dregs after excavation, finished to scarfing cinder, borehole wall pressure-raising device controls bottom tube coupling and standard tube coupling Slowly sink;If the frictional force for originating vertical shaft outer wall is excessive, by being located at the prefabricated slip casting channel originated inside vertical shaft and note Mouth pressure injection lubricated slurry into the gap between the borehole wall and stratum is starched, for reducing the penetration resistance for originating vertical shaft;
S7: repeating S3 ~ S6, carries out shaft sinking and the tube coupling that sinks, and in sinking watching, passes through the propulsion of control different direction The amount of feeding and feed speed of oil cylinder regulate and control the direction for entirely originating vertical shaft sinking;
S8: after originating vertical shaft and sinking down into projected depth, scarfing cinder, fully extended oscillating oil cylinder and propulsion are carried out to shaft bottom Oil cylinder is less than excavating device diameter and originates vertical shaft inner diameter, and reserves gap certain distance between excavation face;Then make With sliding cement pipe along lateral shaft bottom excavation face pump concrete in the borehole wall, when pump concrete, will avoid concrete from burying excavation dress It sets;
S9: it after having pumped concrete, removes in well with other devices of ground in addition to tube coupling, that is, completes entire vertical shaft Construction operation.
The method that borehole wall pressure-raising device control bottom tube coupling and standard tube coupling slowly sink in the step S6 includes as follows Step: B1: the first endless tube piece of installation, after the completion of pipe sheet assembling, rotation section of jurisdiction and adjustment pressure-raising oil cylinder make first on sliding case Pin shaft reaches in the reserved axis hole in section of jurisdiction, by adjusting different direction pressure-raising oil cylinder it is flexible, be in the axis of section of jurisdiction Plumbness;
B2: open caisson starts to excavate and remove dregs in well, and section of jurisdiction at the uniform velocity sinks under the action of pressure-raising oil cylinder, wait sink down into Near extreme position, the second pin shaft in Fixed latches component reaches section of jurisdiction and reserves in axis hole, and pressure-raising oil cylinder continues back at this time Contracting, acts on section of jurisdiction gravity completely on the second pin shaft, and the first pin shaft then slided on case is withdrawn completely;
B3: after the first pin shaft in sliding case is withdrawn, pressure-raising oil cylinder drives movable latch component to rise to certain altitude, starts Next endless tube piece is lifted, the first telescopic oil cylinder controls the first pin shaft and stretches out the reserved pin hole of insertion next ring standard section of jurisdiction outer wall It is interior;Section of jurisdiction is successively lifted, the section of jurisdiction of the domain and the splicing of upper endless tube piece are completed;
B4: adjustment pressure-raising oil cylinder makes the complete stress of the first pin shaft, and adjusts section of jurisdiction posture, and the of control Fixed latches component Two telescopic oil cylinders are shunk, and withdraw the second pin shaft;
B5: section of jurisdiction at the uniform velocity sinks under the action of pressure-raising oil cylinder, step B1-S4 is repeated, until open caisson depth reaches design It is required that.
The utility model is modular shaft excavation machine, carries out mechanization excavation and support to vertical shaft, whole process is excavated Precision and a rate of advance greatly improve, and realize mechanical automation construction, improve work efficiency and construction safety coefficient.The borehole wall mentions The promotion or pressurization to entire pit shaft may be implemented in pressure device, with lifting or sinking are steady, safety, speed is adjustable, maintenance side Just the features such as, makes pit shaft steadily sink, easy to operate, and degree of regulation is high.The utility model is ingenious in design, compact-sized, integrates Change degree is higher, reduces construction cost, market value and promotional value with higher.
Detailed description of the invention
It, below will be to attached drawing needed in embodiment description in order to illustrate more clearly of the utility model embodiment It is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the drawings in the following description are merely some embodiments of the present invention, for ability For the those of ordinary skill of domain, without creative efforts, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other attached Figure.
Fig. 1 is the utility model overall structure diagram.
Fig. 2 is A direction view in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is borehole wall pressure-raising apparatus structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is partial enlarged view at I in Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are under that premise of not paying creative labor Every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
Embodiment 1, as shown in Figs. 1-2, a kind of drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine, including driving system, control system and detection System, control system and detection system are connected with driving system, for controlling and detecting driving state.The driving system Including excavating device 1 and borehole wall pressure-raising device 8, borehole wall pressure-raising device 8 is arranged on well head collar tie beam 10 on the ground, the well head Collar tie beam 10 is equipped at least two borehole wall pressure-raising devices 8, and borehole wall pressure-raising device 8 is equidistantly positioned on well head collar tie beam 10, the borehole wall The quantity of pressure-raising device 8 can be configured according to the size for originating Shaft bank diameter, can provide smoothly support to pit shaft Subject to power.Excavating device 1 is arranged in originating vertical shaft 100, for excavating the ground originated in vertical shaft.It originates and is set in vertical shaft 100 There are bottom tube coupling 2 and guide holder 14, bottom tube coupling 2 is located at the lower section of guide holder 14, and lower tube section is used to support standard tube coupling 11, Bottom tube coupling and standard tube coupling 11 can be prefabricated steel pipe joint or precast concrete tube coupling.Bottom tube coupling 2 and standard tube coupling 11 it Between and standard tube coupling 11 between be bolted and be fixed together.Guide holder 14 is equipped with driving fixed frame 13, and driving is solid The lower part for determining frame 13 is connected by propelling cylinder 3 with bottom tube coupling 2, and edge under the action of propelling cylinder of fixed frame 13 is driven to lead It is moved up and down to seat, realizes step motion.Fixed frame 13 is driven to be equipped with slewing equipment 6, the lower part of slewing equipment 6 is equipped with revolution Frame 5, excavating device 1 are connected with reversing frame 5, and slewing equipment 6 is equipped with hydraulic power unit 12, driving device 7 and deslagging device 16, Driving device 7 is connected with slewing equipment 6, and driving device drives slewing equipment rotation, and then realizes the rotation of excavating device.Out Slag device 16 is corresponding with the promotion grab bucket 9 of setting on the ground.For the discharge of dregs, the driving device 7 includes that milling is dug Driving device and device for revolving and driving, milling dig driving device and provide power to excavating device, and device for revolving and driving is to slewing equipment Power is provided.
Further, the excavating device 1 includes one or two or three or four excavation mechanisms, and excavating mechanism includes pendulum One end of arm 1-1, swing arm 1-1 and reversing frame 5 is hinged, the other end is equipped with milling and digs knife group 1-2, milling digs knife group 1-2 for opening Dig the ground in vertical shaft.Swing arm 1-1 is equipped with oscillating oil cylinder 4, and one end of oscillating oil cylinder 4 and the middle part of swing arm 1-1 are hinged, another End is connected with reversing frame 5, and milling digs knife group 1-2 and is connected with the milling of driving device 7 digging driving device, and it is milling that driving device is dug in milling It digs the rotation of knife group and power is provided, oscillating oil cylinder 4 is connected with hydraulic power unit, and oscillating oil cylinder 4 drives milling to dig knife group by swing arm 1-1 1-2 swings, for excavating the adjusting of radius size.
Further, the slewing equipment 6 include revolution inner support 601 and revolution outer support 602, revolution inner support 601 with Driving fixed frame 13 is connected, and the setting of revolution outer support 602 is in revolution inner support 601, branch in revolution outer support 602 and revolution 601 rotation connection of support, revolution outer support 602 are fixedly connected with reversing frame 5, and the device for revolving and driving of driving device 7 and revolution are outer Support 602 is connected and revolution outer support 602 is driven to rotate.Device for revolving and driving drives reversing frame to turn by revolution outer support It is dynamic, and then excavating device rotation is driven, the revolution inner support 601 is equipped with dregs transportation channel 603, promotes grab bucket 9 and slag Native transport channel 603 is corresponding.Grab bucket is promoted by dregs transportation channel contact to the dregs of silo bottom, then transports dregs It is defeated to outside vertical shaft, complete dregs transportation.
Embodiment 2, as shown in Figure 3-4, a kind of drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine, the borehole wall pressure-raising device 8 includes that setting exists Bottom plate 801 on well head collar tie beam 10 is set on bottom plate 801 there are two supporting box 802, is equipped with pressure-raising oil inside supporting box 802 Cylinder 803, pressure-raising oil cylinder are vertically arranged in supporting box, pressure-raising oil cylinder possess enough strokes ensure movable latch insertion or There is sufficient adjustment space when extracting section of jurisdiction axis hole.Supporting box 802 is equipped with sliding case 804, sliding case 804 and supporting box 802 It matches, sliding housing-case is located on supporting box, and is slided up and down along supporting box.The fixing end of pressure-raising oil cylinder 803 passes through oil cylinder Pedestal 805 is connected with bottom plate 801, and the telescopic end of pressure-raising oil cylinder 803 is connected with sliding case 804, and sliding case 804 is along supporting box 802 is mobile, and under the action of pressure-raising oil cylinder, sliding case is moved along supporting box.Sliding case 804 is equipped with movable latch component 806, bottom Plate 801 is equipped with Fixed latches component 807, and movable latch component 806 is corresponding with Fixed latches component 807.Movable latch group Part and Fixed latches component are located on same vertical line, corresponding with the axis hole reserved on section of jurisdiction respectively.
Movable latch component 806 includes that the first telescopic oil cylinder 6-1 and the first axle bed 6-2, the first telescopic oil cylinder 6-1 setting exist The side of sliding case 804, the first axle bed 6-2 be arranged in the other side of sliding case 804, the first telescopic oil cylinder 6-1 and the first axle bed 6-2 with Sliding case move synchronously up and down, the first pin shaft 6-3 is movably equipped in the first axle bed 6-2, the first pin shaft can be in the first axle bed It is rotated and is horizontally slipped.The telescopic end of first telescopic oil cylinder 6-1 and the first pin shaft 6-3 are hinged;First telescopic oil cylinder drives First pin shaft is moved left and right.First telescopic oil cylinder 6-1 is horizontally disposed, and the first telescopic oil cylinder 6-1 is located at the first pin shaft 6-3 In same horizontal line.First pin shaft 6-3 is corresponding with the axis hole reserved on section of jurisdiction, passes through the flexible realization of the first telescopic oil cylinder the One pin shaft is flexible in axis hole, realizes the connection to section of jurisdiction.
Fixed latches component 807 includes the second telescopic oil cylinder 7-1 and the second axle bed 7-2, the second telescopic oil cylinder 7-1 and second Axle bed 7-2 is fixedly connected with bottom plate 801, the second pin shaft 7-3 is movably equipped in the second axle bed 7-2, the second pin shaft can be second It rotates and horizontally slips in axle bed, the telescopic end of the second telescopic oil cylinder 7-1 and the second pin shaft 7-3 are hinged;Second telescopic oil cylinder band Dynamic second pin shaft horizontally slips in the second axle bed.Second telescopic oil cylinder 7-1 is horizontally disposed, the second telescopic oil cylinder 7-1 and second Pin shaft 7-3 is located on same level straight line;First pin shaft 6-3 is located at right above the second pin shaft 7-3.Two oil are arranged in every covering device Cylinder stretches out and shrinks fully synchronized, the gravity and plus-pressure of shared open caisson section of jurisdiction.By controlling different direction respectively The amount of feeding and feed speed of propelling cylinder, regulate and control the direction of entire well-sinking.
Other structures are same as Example 1.
A kind of construction method of drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine, include the following steps: S1: bottom tube coupling can be installed by excavating out Originate vertical shaft, and well head peripheral part is hardened, forms well head collar tie beam;Originating bottom tube coupling is installed in vertical shaft, and Borehole wall pressure-raising device is fixedly mounted on well head collar tie beam;
S2: operational module in well is installed inside the bottom tube coupling in S1;On ground installation control system, detection system, Lifting system connects related pipeline;
S3: after each module in the good S2 of installation and debugging, the quasi- tube coupling of a feast-brand mark, behaviour are installed in the top of the bottom tube coupling in S2 Make propelling cylinder and oscillating oil cylinder, propelling cylinder and oscillating oil cylinder is made to be in fully extended state, is in excavating device and begins Vertical shaft center is sent out, driving device is set in the milling digging started on excavating device, drives the excavation mechanism rotation on excavating device, together Shi Qidong device for revolving and driving drives slewing equipment rotation, and then drives excavating device revolution, while manipulating propelling cylinder feeding, It realizes and digging excavation is carried out to the ground of bottom tube coupling lower central part position;
S4: after having excavated the ground for originating vertical shaft centre, closing device for revolving and driving, stops returning for slewing equipment Transhipment is dynamic, adjusts propelling cylinder, stretches out propelling cylinder, promotes excavating device to elemental height, controls oscillating oil cylinder and shrink one Determine stroke, be then again started up device for revolving and driving, slewing equipment is driven to carry out rotary motion, at the same control propelling cylinder into To stroke, continue the ground for excavating bottom tube coupling lower part;
S5: step S3 ~ S4 is repeated, the outline excavation of excavating device is controlled, makes the ground outline excavation of bottom tube coupling lower part In coniform;
S6: it when excavating device is after the cutting depth for originating vertical shaft center reaches the feed distance of propelling cylinder, closes Driving device and device for revolving and driving are dug in milling, are fully retracted oscillating oil cylinder, promote excavating device to elemental height;Control is promoted and is grabbed It struggles against and scarfing cinder work is carried out to the dregs after excavation, finished to scarfing cinder, borehole wall pressure-raising device controls bottom tube coupling and standard tube coupling Slowly sink;If the frictional force for originating vertical shaft outer wall is excessive, by being located at the prefabricated slip casting channel originated inside vertical shaft and note Mouth pressure injection lubricated slurry into the gap between the borehole wall and stratum is starched, for reducing the penetration resistance for originating vertical shaft;
S7: repeating S3 ~ S6, carries out shaft sinking and the tube coupling that sinks, and in sinking watching, passes through the propulsion of control different direction The amount of feeding and feed speed of oil cylinder regulate and control the direction for entirely originating vertical shaft sinking;
S8: after originating vertical shaft and sinking down into projected depth, scarfing cinder, fully extended oscillating oil cylinder and propulsion are carried out to shaft bottom Oil cylinder is less than excavating device diameter and originates vertical shaft inner diameter, and reserves certain distance between excavation face;Then using slipping For ash pipe along lateral shaft bottom excavation face pump concrete in the borehole wall, when pump concrete, will avoid concrete from burying excavating device;
S9: it after having pumped concrete, removes in well with other devices of ground in addition to tube coupling, that is, completes entire vertical shaft Construction operation.
The method that borehole wall pressure-raising device control bottom tube coupling and standard tube coupling slowly sink in step S6 includes the following steps: B1: the first endless tube piece of installation, after the completion of pipe sheet assembling, rotation section of jurisdiction and adjustment pressure-raising oil cylinder make the first pin shaft on sliding case Reach in the reserved axis hole in section of jurisdiction, by adjusting different direction pressure-raising oil cylinder it is flexible, so that the axis of section of jurisdiction is in vertical State;B2: open caisson starts to excavate and remove dregs in well, and section of jurisdiction at the uniform velocity sinks under the action of pressure-raising oil cylinder, wait sink extremely Near extreme position, the second pin shaft in Fixed latches component reaches section of jurisdiction and reserves in axis hole, and pressure-raising oil cylinder continues to bounce back at this time, Act on section of jurisdiction gravity completely on the second pin shaft, the first pin shaft then slided on case is withdrawn completely;B3: the first pin in sliding case After axis is withdrawn, pressure-raising oil cylinder drives movable latch component to rise to certain altitude, starts to lift next endless tube piece, the first flexible oil Cylinder controls the first pin shaft and stretches out in the reserved pin hole of insertion next ring standard section of jurisdiction outer wall;Section of jurisdiction is successively lifted, by the pipe of the domain Piece and the splicing of upper endless tube piece are completed;B4: adjustment pressure-raising oil cylinder makes the complete stress of the first pin shaft, and adjusts section of jurisdiction posture, controls Second telescopic oil cylinder of Fixed latches component is shunk, and withdraws the second pin shaft;B5: section of jurisdiction under the action of pressure-raising oil cylinder at the uniform velocity under It is heavy, step B1-B4 is repeated, until open caisson depth reaches design requirement.Each endless tube piece sinks to all holes after ground level or less End cap need to be added to be sealed, prevent that slurries leakage occurs when underground water exudation or grouting behind shaft or drift lining.When section of jurisdiction weight is greater than the borehole wall When frictional resistance, pressure-raising oil cylinder is primarily subjected to the gravity from section of jurisdiction, drives section of jurisdiction slow by the decompression of oil cylinder rodless cavity Slow uniform descent.When section of jurisdiction weight is less than the frictional resistance of the borehole wall, the pressurization of pressure-raising cylinder rod chamber, rodless cavity needs to keep at this time It is centainly pressed, ensures that section of jurisdiction smoothly sinks under collective effect.It can discern whether to adopt by detection oil cylinder working-pressure during sinking Antifriction processing is carried out with the mode of wall thickness slip casting, to ensure that pit shaft can smoothly sink.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model only, is not intended to limit the utility model, all at this Within the spirit and principle of utility model, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included in the utility model Protection scope within.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine, including driving system, control system and detection system, it is characterised in that: the pick It include excavating device (1) and borehole wall pressure-raising device (8), the well head collar tie beam of borehole wall pressure-raising device (8) setting on the ground into system (10) on, excavating device (1) is arranged in originating vertical shaft (100), originates and is equipped with bottom tube coupling (2) in vertical shaft (100) and is oriented to Seat (14), bottom tube coupling (2) are located at the lower section of guide holder (14), and guide holder (14) is equipped with driving fixed frame (13), and driving is solid The lower part for determining frame (13) is connected by propelling cylinder (3) with bottom tube coupling (2), and driving fixed frame (13) is equipped with slewing equipment (6), the lower part of slewing equipment (6) is equipped with reversing frame (5), and excavating device (1) is connected with reversing frame (5), on slewing equipment (6) Equipped with hydraulic power unit (12), driving device (7) and deslagging device (16), driving device (7) is connected with slewing equipment (6), out Slag device (16) is corresponding with the promotion grab bucket (9) of setting on the ground.
2. drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the borehole wall pressure-raising device (8) includes The bottom plate (801) being arranged on well head collar tie beam (10), sets that there are two supporting box (802), supporting box on bottom plate (801) (802) internal to be equipped with pressure-raising oil cylinder (803), supporting box (802) is equipped with sliding case (804), sliding case (804) and supporting box (802) it matches, the fixing end of pressure-raising oil cylinder (803) is connected by cylinder pedestal (805) with bottom plate (801), pressure-raising oil cylinder (803) telescopic end is connected with sliding case (804), and sliding case (804) are mobile along supporting box (802), and sliding case (804), which are equipped with, lives Dynamic latch assembly (806), bottom plate (801) are equipped with Fixed latches component (807), movable latch component (806) and Fixed latches Component (807) is corresponding.
3. drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: movable latch component (806) packet The first telescopic oil cylinder (6-1) and the first axle bed (6-2) are included, the side in sliding case (804) is arranged in the first telescopic oil cylinder (6-1), the One axle bed (6-2) setting is movably equipped with the first pin shaft (6-3) in the other side of sliding case (804), the first axle bed (6-2), and first The telescopic end and the first pin shaft (6-3) of telescopic oil cylinder (6-1) are hinged;First telescopic oil cylinder (6-1) is horizontally disposed, the first flexible oil Cylinder (6-1) and the first pin shaft (6-3) are located in same horizontal line.
4. drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine according to claim 2 or 3, it is characterised in that: the Fixed latches component (807) Including the second telescopic oil cylinder (7-1) and the second axle bed (7-2), the second telescopic oil cylinder (7-1) and the second axle bed (7-2) are and bottom plate (801) it is fixedly connected, is movably equipped with the second pin shaft (7-3) in the second axle bed (7-2), the telescopic end of the second telescopic oil cylinder (7-1) It is hinged with the second pin shaft (7-3);Second telescopic oil cylinder (7-1) is horizontally disposed, the second telescopic oil cylinder (7-1) and the second pin shaft (7- 3) it is located on same level straight line;First pin shaft (6-3) is located at right above the second pin shaft (7-3).
5. drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that: on the well head collar tie beam (10) Equipped at least two borehole wall pressure-raising devices (8), borehole wall pressure-raising device (8) is equidistantly positioned on well head collar tie beam (10), the drive Dynamic device (7) include that driving device and device for revolving and driving are dug in milling.
6. drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: the excavating device (1) includes extremely Few an excavations mechanism, excavating mechanism includes swing arm (1-1), one end of swing arm (1-1) with reversing frame (5) hingedly, the other end sets Have and be equipped with milling digging knife group (1-2), swing arm (1-1) is equipped with oscillating oil cylinder (4), and one end of oscillating oil cylinder (4) and swing arm (1-1) are cut with scissors Connect, the other end is connected with reversing frame (5), the milling digging driving device that knife group (1-2) and driving device (7) are dug in milling is connected.
7. drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the slewing equipment (6) includes revolution Inner support (601) and revolution outer support (602), revolution inner support (601) are connected with driving fixed frame (13), turn round outer support (602) with revolution inner support (601) rotation connection, outer support (602) is turned round and are fixedly connected with reversing frame (5), driving device (7) Device for revolving and driving with revolution outer support (602) be connected and drives revolution outer support (602) rotate.
8. drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: set on the revolution inner support (601) Have dregs transportation channel (603), it is corresponding with dregs transportation channel (603) to promote grab bucket (9).
CN201821742278.6U 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 A kind of drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine Active CN208950581U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201821742278.6U CN208950581U (en) 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 A kind of drop shaft sinking shaft excavation machine

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111156001A (en) * 2020-04-01 2020-05-15 中国铁建重工集团股份有限公司 Shaft excavation system and shaft entry driving machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111156001A (en) * 2020-04-01 2020-05-15 中国铁建重工集团股份有限公司 Shaft excavation system and shaft entry driving machine
CN111156001B (en) * 2020-04-01 2020-07-07 中国铁建重工集团股份有限公司 Shaft excavation system and shaft entry driving machine

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