CN106717986A - A kind of fecundity is strong, the cultural method of the higher fatty acid peanut new product of high oleic acid - Google Patents

A kind of fecundity is strong, the cultural method of the higher fatty acid peanut new product of high oleic acid Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106717986A
CN106717986A CN201710037408.XA CN201710037408A CN106717986A CN 106717986 A CN106717986 A CN 106717986A CN 201710037408 A CN201710037408 A CN 201710037408A CN 106717986 A CN106717986 A CN 106717986A
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peanut
morning
centimetres
soil
time
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王宗启
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Anhui Province Dongchang Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Anhui Province Dongchang Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

A kind of cultural method of strong, the higher fatty acid peanut new product of high oleic acid the invention discloses fecundity, step is as follows:Step(1)Site preparation and fertilization:Selection inclination angle is the sand soil on 15~25 degree of slope, and peanut site preparation wants the principle of " early net deep ", and " morning " is early site preparation, and " net " is that soil will be cleaned out, and " depth " is rotary tillage depth at 28 32 centimetres;Step(2)Chemical weed control;Step(3)Seed Treatment:Use drinks within 2~4 days before peeling off(Morning reveals the mixed liquor with 45% concentration alcohol)Immersion is selected after 1~3 hour and shone 1~2 day, is peeled off within 1~2 day before planting ground, is coordinated morning to reveal with peanut bactericide specially and is dressed seed;Step(4)Seed selection;Step(5)Sowing;Step(6)Field management, after planting in the morning for thering is morning to reveal a herbicide is sprayed, and look into seedling in good time and reseed;Step(7)Harvest.The present invention improves the fecundity that new product cultivates peanut and higher fatty acid with high oleic acid, and then for peasant increased income, meets actual cultivation needs.

Description

A kind of fecundity is strong, the cultural method of the higher fatty acid peanut new product of high oleic acid
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fecundity, the cultural method of strong, the higher fatty acid peanut new product of high oleic acid, belongs to new peanut variety Cultural method technical field.
Background technology
Peanut is important oil crops, and its is various in style, and what is had good grounds has 540 kinds, and improved seeds have 30 kinds, stock In circulation, typically by peanut properly big grain peanut and granule peanut, big grain peanut based on flower Xuzhou 68-4, seaflower Shandong, granule Peanut is based on small white sand.Typically can be closed and be distinguish between by breeding time length, pod size, feature and botany.Press Breeding time length difference can be divided into:Precocious type peanut:Growth period is 120-130 days;In ripe type peanut:Growth period is 145 days left sides It is right;Late-maturing type peanut:Growth period is 165 days or so.Can be divided into by pod size difference:Major peanut:Shell is thick, fruit type is big, every hundred Grain shelled peanut focuses on more than 80 grams, and distribution area is maximum;Small pod peanut:The small, shell of grain is thin, and every hundred peanuts focus on 50 grams or so, fits Plant in sand ground, be distributed mainly on Sichuan, Guangdong, Hunan, Henan west and south etc..Divide by feature is different with Agronomic trait For:Virginia type peanut:Kernel is generally oval or oblong.Very large full, color of the leather is pink or red, and hundred benevolence focus on 80 grams of left sides The right side, type peanut of oil content 52-54% is made for only 1 year one into late-maturing, 150-180 days breeding times;Pearl type peanut:Kernel Mostly circular or peach-shaped, very large full, color of the leather is pink, and hundred benevolence focus on 50-60 grams or so, and pearl type peanut is precocious, breeding time 120 days or so, it is suitable for southern spring and autumn Liang Shu areas peanut cultivation;Valencia type peanut:Pod is 3-4 a kind of fruit, such as apple, pear, etc.s, and kernel is generally cylinder Shape or triangle, color of the leather are dark red, smooth, glossy, glossy, and hundred benevolence focus on 30-75 grams, oil content 52%.Valencia type peanut Drought tolerance is weaker, and prematureness is protruded;The raw type peanut of dragon:Many three a kind of fruit, such as apple, pear, etc.s of pod, how triangular in shape kernel is or cone, skin it is red or Kermesinus, surface irregularity is matt, there is brown spot, and all kinds of fruits weigh 150 grams or so, water content oil mass 48%, the raw type flower of dragon The peanut of Sheng Zengshi China plantation earliest.
Peanut is the important oil crops and industrial crops of China, is also China few in number with competitiveness in the international market One of the large variety of crops of export-oriented industry, national cultivated area and yield account for second place of the world.Peanut nutrition enriches, and plants Son fatty 50%~58%, protein 30% or so;The oil gas delicate fragrance of peanut oil, the performance optimal in vegetable oil;Shelled peanut Can be made the food that various people like, thus peanut in China the North and South by the plantation of large area.In Shuangliao City of Jilin Province, Peanut has turned into pillar industry, one of important sources as farmers' income, is increasingly paid attention to by municipal Party committee leader.Wherein, No. 2 peanuts are spent with more fecundity is strong, the high-fat feature of high oleic acid in new varieties east.But, No. 2 peanuts are spent for new varieties east Traditional cultivation method not science, peanut varieties are aging, degenerate, and part peasant household reserves that peanut seed is relatively more for one's own use, and plantation peasant household manages Reason not science, backward in technique, these factors affect peanut yields and quality.For this reason, it may be necessary to improve a kind of new growing and cultivation Method, can overcome the shortcomings of that above-mentioned prior art is present.
The content of the invention
The present invention is exactly in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, there is provided a kind of fecundity is strong, the higher fatty acid peanut of high oleic acid is new The cultural method of product, this method changes traditional cultivation method, improves the utilization ratio in soil, increased the yield of peanut, carries Fecundity that new product high is cultivated peanut and higher fatty acid with high oleic acid, and then for peasant increased income, meet actual cultivation need Will.
To solve the above problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of fecundity is strong, the cultural method of the higher fatty acid peanut new product of high oleic acid, and the cultural method step is as follows:
Step(1)Site preparation and fertilization
Selection of land:Selection inclination angle is the sand soil on 15~25 degree of slope;
Site preparation:Peanut site preparation wants the principle of " early net deep ", and " morning " is early site preparation, and " net " is that soil will be cleaned out, and " depth " is rotation Tilling depth degree is at 28-32 centimetres;
Fertilising:Farm manure and composite fertilizer, 45 cubic metres of farm manure per hectare, composite fertilizer's per hectare 700~1100 are applied before rotary tillage Jin, fertilizer is evenly distributed, and wherein 60% applies farm manure and composite fertilizer was spilled into ground before rotary tillage;
Step(2)Chemical weed control
After site preparation and fertilization, preliminary weeding treatment is carried out to planting site using herbicide, sprinkling herbicide uses two car operations, front truck Water spray, rear car spray;
Step(3)Seed Treatment
Bask seeds:Use drinks within 2~4 days before peeling off(Morning reveals the mixed liquor with 45% concentration alcohol)Immersion 1~3 hour after select shine 1~ 2 days;
Peel off:Peeled off within 1~2 day before planting ground;
Seed dressing:Coordinate morning to reveal with peanut bactericide specially to be dressed seed;
Step(4)Seed selection
Selection grain is full greatly, bright in colour, and energetic kind grain is planted, and moldy kernel, broken kernel, special-shaped grain, kind are removed during selection Sub- germinating energy plants bud rate more than 95% more than 85%;
Step(5)Sowing
Temperature requirement:3 days soil moistures are stabilized to 10~16 degree before peanut seeding, and business's sowing or dew morning, sowing time-division are robbed after rain;
Sowing time:One week more early than traditional cultivation peanut;
Type of seeding:Sowing is disposably completed with the row machine of big ridge three, sowing applies step simultaneously(1)In remaining 40% farm manure With composite fertilizer and and 6~10 jin of insecticides of per hectare, 1.2 meters of row spacing, per the row peanut of ridge kind three, 40 centimetres of peanut line-spacing, trench digging Bunch planting, per two plants of cave, 12~16 centimetres of hill spacing;Intertillage:Ditch is intertilled one time in full-bloom stage in the middle of three rows, 5 centimetres of trench depth, ditch Upper wide 10 centimetres, ridge gutter is intertilled twice, and side slot depth is 12 centimetres, and 10 centimetres of ditch bottom width is wide 14 centimetres on ditch;
Step(6)Field management
A herbicide after planting is sprayed in the morning for having morning to reveal, is such as revealed without morning, then at candlelight is divided to implementation two car operations, front truck Spray water, rear car sprays, and look into seedling in good time and reseed;
Peanut foliar fertilizer and bactericide 3~4 times are sprayed in peanut breeding time;
Step(7)Harvest
Harvest time, into depending on solidity, accomplishes that three see, at a glance ground appearance, plant top not regrowth, middle leaf according to peanut Piece major part comes off, upper blade turn yellow, during the dusk in piece be not closed again, two see pod, and most pod reticulate patterns understand, in shell Spongy layer has black glossy, and full seed, kind skin is rubescent, and three see temperature Change, and mean temperature drops to less than 6 degree round the clock;
Harvesting method:Harvesting the last week depth time one time, harvested in time before frost occurs, in case of frost is beaten, should delay several days and treat gas Temperature gos up to receive again, is first drawn one time with broaching tool during results, solarization 1~3 day under the state of field, then artificial inspection fruit lays, and field drying 3~ 6 days, fruit is taken off by retracting.
As the improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal, step(1)Middle selection inclination angle be 15~25 degree of slope sand soil be for Facilitate the rainwater season the acid or alkaline harmful substance in soil flows away, and retain part oligo-element and thing in soil Matter.
As the improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal, step(1)Middle rotary tillage refers to that growing area rotary tillage before May 15 is finished.
As the improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal, the step (6) in harvest time in peanut cultivation area be October 7~ October 15.
Compared with prior art, implementation result of the invention is as follows for the present invention:
A kind of fecundity of the present invention is strong, the cultural method of the higher fatty acid peanut new product of high oleic acid, due to the selection of cultivating soil And the deep rotary tillage before sowing to soil, soda acid Toxic and hardening layer that soil is contained within are solved, improve the soil moisture, flower Life can early sowing in real time(And retain part oligo-element and material in soil, be conducive to new peanut variety to grow);Due to No. 2 Screening Treatments of seed are spent to new peanut variety east, the nuisance and harmful bacteria existed in the surface of the seed and exocuticle is eliminated Kind, and then cause that seed has the higher fatty acid property of explanatory, high oleic acid;It is three ridges due to changing two ridges of traditional cultivation method, improves The utilization rate in soil, increased strain number, improve the yield of peanut.
Specific embodiment
Illustrate present disclosure below in conjunction with specific embodiments.
Embodiment 1
A kind of fecundity is strong, the cultural method of the higher fatty acid peanut new product of high oleic acid, and the cultural method step is as follows:
Step(1)Site preparation and fertilization
Selection of land:Selection inclination angle is the sand soil on 15 degree of slope;
Site preparation:Peanut site preparation wants the principle of " early net deep ", and " morning " is early site preparation, and " net " is that soil will be cleaned out, and " depth " is rotation Tilling depth degree is at 28 centimetres;
Fertilising:Farm manure and composite fertilizer, 45 cubic metres of farm manure per hectare, 700 jin of composite fertilizer's per hectare, fertilizer are applied before rotary tillage It is evenly distributed, and wherein 60% applies farm manure and composite fertilizer was spilled into ground before rotary tillage;
Step(2)Chemical weed control
After site preparation and fertilization, preliminary weeding treatment is carried out to planting site using herbicide, sprinkling herbicide uses two car operations, front truck Water spray, rear car spray;
Step(3)Seed Treatment
Bask seeds:Use drinks within 2 days before peeling off(Morning reveals the mixed liquor with 45% concentration alcohol)Immersion is selected after 1 hour and shone 1~2 day;
Peel off:Peeled off within 1~2 day before planting ground;
Seed dressing:Coordinate morning to reveal with peanut bactericide specially to be dressed seed;
Step(4)Seed selection
Selection grain is full greatly, bright in colour, and energetic kind grain is planted, and moldy kernel, broken kernel, special-shaped grain, kind are removed during selection Sub- germinating energy plants bud rate more than 95% more than 85%;
Step(5)Sowing
Temperature requirement:3 days soil moistures are stabilized to 10 degree before peanut seeding, and business's sowing or dew morning, sowing time-division are robbed after rain;
Sowing time:One week more early than traditional cultivation peanut;
Type of seeding:Sowing is disposably completed with the row machine of big ridge three, sowing applies step simultaneously(1)In remaining 40% farm manure With composite fertilizer and and 6 jin of insecticides of per hectare, 1.2 meters of row spacing, per the row peanut of ridge kind three, 40 centimetres of peanut line-spacing, bunch planting of ditching, Per two plants of cave, 12 centimetres of hill spacing;Intertillage:Ditch is intertilled one time in full-bloom stage in the middle of three rows, and 5 centimetres of trench depth is wide 10 lis on ditch Rice, ridge gutter is intertilled twice, and side slot depth is 12 centimetres, and 10 centimetres of ditch bottom width is wide 14 centimetres on ditch;
Step(6)Field management
A herbicide after planting is sprayed in the morning for having morning to reveal, is such as revealed without morning, then at candlelight is divided to implementation two car operations, front truck Spray water, rear car sprays, and look into seedling in good time and reseed;
Peanut foliar fertilizer and bactericide 3~4 times are sprayed in peanut breeding time;
Step(7)Harvest
Harvest time, into depending on solidity, accomplishes that three see, at a glance ground appearance, plant top not regrowth, middle leaf according to peanut Piece major part comes off, upper blade turn yellow, during the dusk in piece be not closed again, two see pod, and most pod reticulate patterns understand, in shell Spongy layer has black glossy, and full seed, kind skin is rubescent, and three see temperature Change, and mean temperature drops to less than 6 degree round the clock;
Harvesting method:Harvesting the last week depth time one time, harvested in time before frost occurs, in case of frost is beaten, should delay several days and treat gas Temperature gos up to receive again, is first drawn one time with broaching tool during results, solarization 1~3 day under the state of field, then artificial inspection fruit lays, and field drying 3~ 6 days, fruit is taken off by retracting.
More specifically, step(1)Middle selection inclination angle be 15 degree of slope sand soil be for convenience rainwater season by soil Acid or alkaline harmful substance in earth flows away, and retains part oligo-element and material in soil;Step(1)Middle rotary tillage refers to Growing area rotary tillage before May 15 is finished;Step (6) in harvest time in peanut cultivation area be October 7.
The present invention solves the acid that soil is contained within due to the deep rotary tillage before the selection and sowing of cultivating soil to soil Alkali Toxic and hardening layer, improve the soil moisture, and peanut can early sowing in real time(And retain part oligo-element and thing in soil Matter, is conducive to new peanut variety to grow);Due to spending No. 2 Screening Treatments of seed to new peanut variety east, kind of a sublist is eliminated The nuisance and harmful bacteria existed in face and exocuticle, and then cause that seed has the higher fatty acid property of explanatory, high oleic acid;Due to Change two ridges of traditional cultivation method for three ridges, improve the utilization rate in soil, improve the yield of peanut.
Embodiment 2
A kind of fecundity is strong, the cultural method of the higher fatty acid peanut new product of high oleic acid, and the cultural method step is as follows:
Step(1)Site preparation and fertilization
Selection of land:Selection inclination angle is the sand soil on 20 degree of slope;
Site preparation:Peanut site preparation wants the principle of " early net deep ", and " morning " is early site preparation, and " net " is that soil will be cleaned out, and " depth " is rotation Tilling depth degree is at 30 centimetres;
Fertilising:Farm manure and composite fertilizer, 45 cubic metres of farm manure per hectare, 900 jin of composite fertilizer's per hectare, fertilizer are applied before rotary tillage It is evenly distributed, and wherein 60% applies farm manure and composite fertilizer was spilled into ground before rotary tillage;
Step(2)Chemical weed control
After site preparation and fertilization, preliminary weeding treatment is carried out to planting site using herbicide, sprinkling herbicide uses two car operations, front truck Water spray, rear car spray;
Step(3)Seed Treatment
Bask seeds:Use drinks within 2~4 days before peeling off(Morning reveals the mixed liquor with 45% concentration alcohol)Immersion is selected after 1.5 hours and shines 1~2 My god;
Peel off:Peeled off within 1~2 day before planting ground;
Seed dressing:Coordinate morning to reveal with peanut bactericide specially to be dressed seed;
Step(4)Seed selection
Selection grain is full greatly, bright in colour, and energetic kind grain is planted, and moldy kernel, broken kernel, special-shaped grain, kind are removed during selection Sub- germinating energy plants bud rate more than 95% more than 85%;
Step(5)Sowing
Temperature requirement:3 days soil moistures are stabilized to 13 degree before peanut seeding, and business's sowing or dew morning, sowing time-division are robbed after rain;
Sowing time:One week more early than traditional cultivation peanut;
Type of seeding:Sowing is disposably completed with the row machine of big ridge three, sowing applies step simultaneously(1)In remaining 40% farm manure With composite fertilizer and and 8 jin of insecticides of per hectare, 1.2 meters of row spacing, per the row peanut of ridge kind three, 40 centimetres of peanut line-spacing, bunch planting of ditching, Per two plants of cave, 14 centimetres of hill spacing;Intertillage:Ditch is intertilled one time in full-bloom stage in the middle of three rows, and 5 centimetres of trench depth is wide 10 lis on ditch Rice, ridge gutter is intertilled twice, and side slot depth is 12 centimetres, and 10 centimetres of ditch bottom width is wide 14 centimetres on ditch;
Step(6)Field management
A herbicide after planting is sprayed in the morning for having morning to reveal, is such as revealed without morning, then at candlelight is divided to implementation two car operations, front truck Spray water, rear car sprays, and look into seedling in good time and reseed;
Peanut foliar fertilizer and bactericide 3~4 times are sprayed in peanut breeding time;
Step(7)Harvest
Harvest time, into depending on solidity, accomplishes that three see, at a glance ground appearance, plant top not regrowth, middle leaf according to peanut Piece major part comes off, upper blade turn yellow, during the dusk in piece be not closed again, two see pod, and most pod reticulate patterns understand, in shell Spongy layer has black glossy, and full seed, kind skin is rubescent, and three see temperature Change, and mean temperature drops to less than 6 degree round the clock;
Harvesting method:Harvesting the last week depth time one time, harvested in time before frost occurs, in case of frost is beaten, should delay several days and treat gas Temperature gos up to receive again, is first drawn one time with broaching tool during results, solarization 1~3 day under the state of field, then artificial inspection fruit lays, and field drying 3~ 6 days, fruit is taken off by retracting.
More specifically, step(1)Middle selection inclination angle be 20 degree of slope sand soil be for convenience rainwater season by soil Acid or alkaline harmful substance in earth flows away, and retains part oligo-element and material in soil;Step(1)Middle rotary tillage refers to Growing area rotary tillage before May 15 is finished;Step (6) in harvest time in peanut cultivation area be October 11.
The present invention solves the acid that soil is contained within due to the deep rotary tillage before the selection and sowing of cultivating soil to soil Alkali Toxic and hardening layer, improve the soil moisture, and peanut can early sowing in real time(And retain part oligo-element and thing in soil Matter, is conducive to new peanut variety to grow);Due to spending No. 2 Screening Treatments of seed to new peanut variety east, kind of a sublist is eliminated The nuisance and harmful bacteria existed in face and exocuticle, and then cause that seed has the higher fatty acid property of explanatory, high oleic acid;Due to Change two ridges of traditional cultivation method for three ridges, improve the utilization rate in soil, improve the yield of peanut.
Embodiment 3
A kind of fecundity is strong, the cultural method of the higher fatty acid peanut new product of high oleic acid, and the cultural method step is as follows:
Step(1)Site preparation and fertilization
Selection of land:Selection inclination angle is the sand soil on 25 degree of slope;
Site preparation:Peanut site preparation wants the principle of " early net deep ", and " morning " is early site preparation, and " net " is that soil will be cleaned out, and " depth " is rotation Tilling depth degree is at 32 centimetres;
Fertilising:Farm manure and composite fertilizer, 45 cubic metres of farm manure per hectare, 1100 jin of composite fertilizer's per hectare, fertilizer are applied before rotary tillage Material is evenly distributed, and wherein 60% applies farm manure and composite fertilizer was spilled into ground before rotary tillage;
Step(2)Chemical weed control
After site preparation and fertilization, preliminary weeding treatment is carried out to planting site using herbicide, sprinkling herbicide uses two car operations, front truck Water spray, rear car spray;
Step(3)Seed Treatment
Bask seeds:Use drinks within 2~4 days before peeling off(Morning reveals the mixed liquor with 45% concentration alcohol)Immersion is selected after 3 hours and shines 1~2 My god;
Peel off:Peeled off within 1~2 day before planting ground;
Seed dressing:Coordinate morning to reveal with peanut bactericide specially to be dressed seed;
Step(4)Seed selection
Selection grain is full greatly, bright in colour, and energetic kind grain is planted, and moldy kernel, broken kernel, special-shaped grain, kind are removed during selection Sub- germinating energy plants bud rate more than 95% more than 85%;
Step(5)Sowing
Temperature requirement:3 days soil moistures are stabilized to 16 degree before peanut seeding, and business's sowing or dew morning, sowing time-division are robbed after rain;
Sowing time:One week more early than traditional cultivation peanut;
Type of seeding:Sowing is disposably completed with the row machine of big ridge three, sowing applies step simultaneously(1)In remaining 40% farm manure With composite fertilizer and and 10 jin of insecticides of per hectare, 1.2 meters of row spacing, per the row peanut of ridge kind three, 40 centimetres of peanut line-spacing, cave of ditching Broadcast, per two plants of cave, 16 centimetres of hill spacing;Intertillage:Ditch is intertilled one time in full-bloom stage in the middle of three rows, and 5 centimetres of trench depth is wide by 10 on ditch Centimetre, ridge gutter is intertilled twice, and side slot depth is 12 centimetres, and 10 centimetres of ditch bottom width is wide 14 centimetres on ditch;
Step(6)Field management
A herbicide after planting is sprayed in the morning for having morning to reveal, is such as revealed without morning, then at candlelight is divided to implementation two car operations, front truck Spray water, rear car sprays, and look into seedling in good time and reseed;
Peanut foliar fertilizer and bactericide 3~4 times are sprayed in peanut breeding time;
Step(7)Harvest
Harvest time, into depending on solidity, accomplishes that three see, at a glance ground appearance, plant top not regrowth, middle leaf according to peanut Piece major part comes off, upper blade turn yellow, during the dusk in piece be not closed again, two see pod, and most pod reticulate patterns understand, in shell Spongy layer has black glossy, and full seed, kind skin is rubescent, and three see temperature Change, and mean temperature drops to less than 6 degree round the clock;
Harvesting method:Harvesting the last week depth time one time, harvested in time before frost occurs, in case of frost is beaten, should delay several days and treat gas Temperature gos up to receive again, is first drawn one time with broaching tool during results, solarization 1~3 day under the state of field, then artificial inspection fruit lays, and field drying 3~ 6 days, fruit is taken off by retracting.
More specifically, step(1)Middle selection inclination angle be 25 degree of slope sand soil be for convenience rainwater season by soil Acid or alkaline harmful substance in earth flows away, and retains part oligo-element and material in soil;Step(1)Middle rotary tillage refers to Growing area rotary tillage before May 15 is finished;Step (6) in harvest time in peanut cultivation area be October 15.
The present invention solves the acid that soil is contained within due to the deep rotary tillage before the selection and sowing of cultivating soil to soil Alkali Toxic and hardening layer, improve the soil moisture, and peanut can early sowing in real time(And retain part oligo-element and thing in soil Matter, is conducive to new peanut variety to grow);Due to spending No. 2 Screening Treatments of seed to new peanut variety east, kind of a sublist is eliminated The nuisance and harmful bacteria existed in face and exocuticle, and then cause that seed has the higher fatty acid property of explanatory, high oleic acid;Due to Change two ridges of traditional cultivation method for three ridges, improve the utilization rate in soil, improve the yield of peanut.
Note:Design parameter span can be according to actual conditions in each step in cultural method of the present invention(With specific reference to The yield of peanut, fecundity and oleic acid fat content etc.)Setting.
Above content is detailed description made for the present invention in conjunction with specific embodiments, it is impossible to assert that the present invention is specific real Apply and be only limitted to these explanations.For those skilled in the art, before present inventive concept is not departed from Put, some simple deduction or replace can also be made, should all be considered as belonging to the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of fecundity is strong, the higher fatty acid peanut new product of high oleic acid cultural method, it is characterised in that:The cultural method step is such as Under:
Step(1)Site preparation and fertilization
Selection of land:Selection inclination angle is the sand soil on 15~25 degree of slope;
Site preparation:Peanut site preparation wants the principle of " early net deep ", and " morning " is early site preparation, and " net " is that soil will be cleaned out, and " depth " is rotation Tilling depth degree is at 28-32 centimetres;
Fertilising:Farm manure and composite fertilizer, 45 cubic metres of farm manure per hectare, composite fertilizer's per hectare 700~1100 are applied before rotary tillage Jin, fertilizer is evenly distributed, and wherein 60% applies farm manure and composite fertilizer was spilled into ground before rotary tillage;
Step(2)Chemical weed control
After site preparation and fertilization, preliminary weeding treatment is carried out to planting site using herbicide, sprinkling herbicide uses two car operations, front truck Water spray, rear car spray;
Step(3)Seed Treatment
Bask seeds:Use drinks within 2~4 days before peeling off(Morning reveals the mixed liquor with 45% concentration alcohol)Immersion 1~3 hour after select shine 1~ 2 days;
Peel off:Peeled off within 1~2 day before planting ground;
Seed dressing:Coordinate morning to reveal with peanut bactericide specially to be dressed seed;
Step(4)Seed selection
Selection grain is full greatly, bright in colour, and energetic kind grain is planted, and moldy kernel, broken kernel, special-shaped grain, kind are removed during selection Sub- germinating energy plants bud rate more than 95% more than 85%;
Step(5)Sowing
Temperature requirement:3 days soil moistures are stabilized to 10~16 degree before peanut seeding, and business's sowing or dew morning, sowing time-division are robbed after rain;
Sowing time:One week more early than traditional cultivation peanut;
Type of seeding:Sowing is disposably completed with the row machine of big ridge three, sowing applies step simultaneously(1)In remaining 40% farm manure With composite fertilizer and and 6~10 jin of insecticides of per hectare, 1.2 meters of row spacing, per the row peanut of ridge kind three, 40 centimetres of peanut line-spacing, trench digging Bunch planting, per two plants of cave, 12~16 centimetres of hill spacing;Intertillage:Ditch is intertilled one time in full-bloom stage in the middle of three rows, 5 centimetres of trench depth, ditch Upper wide 10 centimetres, ridge gutter is intertilled twice, and side slot depth is 12 centimetres, and 10 centimetres of ditch bottom width is wide 14 centimetres on ditch;
Step(6)Field management
A herbicide after planting is sprayed in the morning for having morning to reveal, is such as revealed without morning, then at candlelight is divided to implementation two car operations, front truck Spray water, rear car sprays, and look into seedling in good time and reseed;
Peanut foliar fertilizer and bactericide 3~4 times are sprayed in peanut breeding time;
Step(7)Harvest
Harvest time, into depending on solidity, accomplishes that three see, at a glance ground appearance, plant top not regrowth, middle leaf according to peanut Piece major part comes off, upper blade turn yellow, during the dusk in piece be not closed again, two see pod, and most pod reticulate patterns understand, in shell Spongy layer has black glossy, and full seed, kind skin is rubescent, and three see temperature Change, and mean temperature drops to less than 6 degree round the clock;
Harvesting method:Harvesting the last week depth time one time, harvested in time before frost occurs, in case of frost is beaten, should delay several days and treat gas Temperature gos up to receive again, is first drawn one time with broaching tool during results, solarization 1~3 day under the state of field, then artificial inspection fruit lays, and field drying 3~ 6 days, fruit is taken off by retracting.
2. a kind of fecundity is strong according to claim 1, the higher fatty acid peanut new product of high oleic acid cultural method, and its feature exists In:Step(1)Middle selection inclination angle be 15~25 degree of slope sand soil be for convenience rainwater season by the acidity in soil Or alkaline harmful substance flows away, and retain part oligo-element and material in soil.
3. a kind of fecundity is strong according to claim 1, the higher fatty acid peanut new product of high oleic acid cultural method, and its feature exists In:Step(1)Middle rotary tillage refers to that growing area rotary tillage before May 15 is finished.
4. a kind of fecundity is strong according to claim 1, the higher fatty acid peanut new product of high oleic acid cultural method, and its feature exists In:The step (6) in harvest time in peanut cultivation area be 7~October 15 October.
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Cited By (6)

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CN107409691A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-12-01 合肥卓畅农业科技有限公司 One implantation methods cultivated peanut
CN107711255A (en) * 2017-11-18 2018-02-23 蚌埠市徽吉星农业科技农民专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods for improving pittosporum tobira seed fat content
CN108184595A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-06-22 濮阳市农业科学院 A kind of cultural method of high oleic acid peanut
CN109258369A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-01-25 临沂丰邦植物医院有限公司 A kind of high yield high-quality and safety cultural method of high oleic acid peanut
CN110235732A (en) * 2019-06-19 2019-09-17 广东省农业科学院作物研究所 A method of improving oleic acid content of peanuts
CN112568083A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-03-30 河南大方种业科技有限公司 Cultivation method of high-oleic-acid peanuts

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CN102428805A (en) * 2011-01-25 2012-05-02 王长林 High-yield cultivation method of peanut

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CN102428805A (en) * 2011-01-25 2012-05-02 王长林 High-yield cultivation method of peanut

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107409691A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-12-01 合肥卓畅农业科技有限公司 One implantation methods cultivated peanut
CN107711255A (en) * 2017-11-18 2018-02-23 蚌埠市徽吉星农业科技农民专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods for improving pittosporum tobira seed fat content
CN108184595A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-06-22 濮阳市农业科学院 A kind of cultural method of high oleic acid peanut
CN109258369A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-01-25 临沂丰邦植物医院有限公司 A kind of high yield high-quality and safety cultural method of high oleic acid peanut
CN110235732A (en) * 2019-06-19 2019-09-17 广东省农业科学院作物研究所 A method of improving oleic acid content of peanuts
CN112568083A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-03-30 河南大方种业科技有限公司 Cultivation method of high-oleic-acid peanuts

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