CN106602982B - A kind of arresting gear of scavenging machine - Google Patents

A kind of arresting gear of scavenging machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106602982B
CN106602982B CN201611141682.3A CN201611141682A CN106602982B CN 106602982 B CN106602982 B CN 106602982B CN 201611141682 A CN201611141682 A CN 201611141682A CN 106602982 B CN106602982 B CN 106602982B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
unit
support
component
load bearing
crossbar
Prior art date
Application number
CN201611141682.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106602982A (en
Inventor
王向国
陈明佳
晋志生
吴长春
杨光
朱家朋
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南京绿谷信息科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201611141682.3A priority Critical patent/CN106602982B/en
Publication of CN106602982A publication Critical patent/CN106602982A/en
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Publication of CN106602982B publication Critical patent/CN106602982B/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of arresting gears of scavenging machine; including the load bearing unit for carrying the scavenging machine; and the support unit being connected with the load bearing unit; the support unit further includes; first support member; first support member is connect with the load bearing unit by angle rotary part, and the angle between the support unit and the load bearing unit can be adjusted;Second support member, second support member have hollow structure, and first support member is connected with second support member, can adjust the height between the support unit and the load bearing unit.The present invention enables to mobile aircraft gate that can share, solves the problems, such as that installation cost is high first is that by the walking unit that is equipped with;Second is that by the adjusting component being equipped with the photovoltaic array of more perspective can be can adapt to the angle between load bearing unit and photovoltaic array plate;Third is that can be realized by control box by the control assembly being equipped with and control device movement.

Description

A kind of arresting gear of scavenging machine

Technical field

The present invention relates to the technical field of photovoltaic plant maintenance more particularly to a kind of arresting gears of rail mounted scavenging machine.

Background technique

In recent years, with the rapid development of modern science and technology, as photovoltaic plant construction scale is increasing, national photovoltaic hair The change of electric subsidy policy and the continuous improvement of photovoltaic plant intelligence degree, vast photovoltaic plant owner is in order to maximize Rate of return on investment is improved, is maximized and is improved the operation of photovoltaic plant highly effective and safe, reduces operation management cost to greatest extent and artificial Labor intensity and security risk, such as heatstroke, frostbite, electric shock and manual work damage photovoltaic module, to intelligent photovoltaic power station Important component, i.e., in photovoltaic plant Life cycle intelligent operation management work proposes more more and more intense need Ask the construction of photovoltaic plant also more and more.Photovoltaic plant, refer to it is a kind of using solar energy, using special material such as crystal silicon The power generation system of the electronic components such as plate, inverter composition, the photovoltaic generating system for being connected with power grid and transmitting electric power to power grid.Light Overhead utility is to belong to the maximum green electric power supply exploitation energy project of national encouragement dynamics at present, can be divided into the independence with battery Electricity generation system and grid-connected system without battery, solar power generation are divided into photo-thermal power generation and photovoltaic power generation;The current phase into Enter commercialized solar energy-electric energy, what is referred to is exactly solar energy power generating.Large-sized photovoltaic power station is usually built climatic environment in and is compared Severe area, these general dusts storm in area are serious, drought and water shortage, prolonged dust and dust storm, can block photovoltaic panel assembly To the assimilation effect of solar energy, photovoltaic panel is substantially reduced to the absorption efficiency of solar energy;Moreover, dust, dust storm and its His fouling product can form prolonged shade in photovoltaic plate surface, and then generate hot spot effect, if not in time to photovoltaic module It is cleaned, it will the generated energy of photovoltaic plant is greatly reduced, the service life of economic benefit and photovoltaic module to power station generates negative Face is rung.Therefore the appearance of photovoltaic sweeping robot, so that the cleaning of photovoltaic array plate is more efficiently, fast.

Photovoltaic sweeping robot can be completed automatically to clean by the control of instruction to photovoltaic array plate, but photovoltaic is clear Machine is swept after the completion of cleaning due to that cannot rest on photovoltaic array plate, needs stop position just to solve asking for its shutdown Topic.

The aircraft gate that photovoltaic plant sweeping robot uses at present be all fixed, every row's photovoltaic panel use one, this For some large-sized photovoltaic power stations, cost can be greatly increased, and installed many aircraft gates and needed to spend a large amount of manpower and material resources. So in light of this situation, the appearance of arresting gear just solves the problems, such as above-mentioned many, and aircraft gate is made to realize general state.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this section is to summarize some aspects of the embodiment of the present invention and briefly introduce some preferable implementations Example.It may do a little simplified or be omitted to avoid our department is made in this section and the description of the application and the title of the invention Point, the purpose of abstract of description and denomination of invention it is fuzzy, and this simplification or omit and cannot be used for limiting the scope of the invention.

In view of above-mentioned existing scavenging machine arresting gear there are the problem of, propose the present invention.

Therefore, the one of purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of arresting gear of scavenging machine, provides more for sweeping robot Accelerate prompt, efficient aircraft gate, increases clean efficiency in photovoltaic array cleaning process, and reduce the cost of installation.

In order to solve the above technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a kind of arresting gear of scavenging machine, including with In the load bearing unit for carrying the scavenging machine, and the support unit being connected with the load bearing unit, the support unit is also Including the first support member, first support member is connect with the load bearing unit by angle rotary part, can be adjusted Angle between the support unit and the load bearing unit;Second support member, second support member have hollow knot Structure, first support member are connected with second support member, form Telescopic rod structure, and it is single can to adjust the support First height between the load bearing unit.

A kind of preferred embodiment of arresting gear as scavenging machine of the present invention, in which: first support member Including the first supporting element of the first supporting element of front end and rear end, front end is provided between two the first supporting elements of front end adjacent to each other First crossbar part is provided with rear end first crossbar part between two the first supporting elements of rear end adjacent to each other;Second support Component includes the second supporting element of the second supporting element of front end and rear end, is provided between two the second supporting elements of front end adjacent to each other Front end second crossbar part is provided with rear end second crossbar part between two the second supporting elements of rear end adjacent to each other.

A kind of preferred embodiment of arresting gear as scavenging machine of the present invention, in which: further include that first adjusts list Member, including the first screw part and first-hand wheel component, first screw part one end and the front end first crossbar part phase Even, the other end passes through the front end second crossbar part and is connected with the first-hand wheel component, is arranged on first screw part There is screw thread, is matched with inside the hole of the front end second crossbar part, first-hand wheel component described in turn, described first Screw part pushes away residence and states front end first crossbar part, to drive first support movements of front end.

A kind of preferred embodiment of arresting gear as scavenging machine of the present invention, in which: further include that second adjusts list Member, including first gear part, second-hand's wheel component and the rod piece that links, are provided with rack gear, one end and institute on the linkage rod piece The connection of rear end first crossbar part is stated, the other end extends to the rear end second crossbar part, and distalmost end can be with the first gear Part is meshed, and second-hand's wheel component is connected with the first gear part, and second-hand's wheel component described in turn makes described First gear part matches movement with the linkage rod piece, and the rear end first crossbar part that links drives the rear end first in turn Support movements.

A kind of preferred embodiment of arresting gear as scavenging machine of the present invention, in which: it further include walking unit, It include front end rotor block and front end shaft member, rear end roller section including walking component and Power Component, the walking component Part and rear end shaft member, the Power Component include driving part and linkage part, and the driving part is set to the row Walk between component, the linkage part include the first STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED and the second STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED, first STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED one end and it is described before Shaft member is held to be connected, the other end is connected with the driving part, second STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED one end and the rear end axle portion Part is connected, and the other end is connected with the driving part.

A kind of preferred embodiment of arresting gear as scavenging machine of the present invention, in which: the walking unit is also wrapped It includes, rail assembly, is matched with the walking component, the front end rotor block and the rear end rotor block are along the track Component movement.

A kind of preferred embodiment of arresting gear as scavenging machine of the present invention, in which: it further include brake unit, It include fixing piece, rotating member, pallet piece and elastic component, the rotation including conflict component and ratchet part, the conflict component Part passes through the hollow fixing piece, and described elastic component one end is connected with the rotating member, and the other end is contradicted to the pawl Part, the first gear part are connected with second-hand's wheel component by shaft, and the ratchet part is set in the shaft, institute Stating pallet piece one end can contradict to the ratchet part.

A kind of preferred embodiment of arresting gear as scavenging machine of the present invention, in which: it further include detection unit, Including close to switch and with described close to the sensing chip that matches of switch, it is described close to switch by close to switch bracket with it is described Second support member is connected, and the sensing chip is connected with the rail assembly.

A kind of preferred embodiment of arresting gear as scavenging machine of the present invention, in which: the load bearing unit includes Stretching member, the stretching member extends outwardly from the frame body side of the load bearing unit and the frame with the load bearing unit Body is flexibly connected, for docking the starting point of photovoltaic panel.

A kind of preferred embodiment of arresting gear as scavenging machine of the present invention, in which: the device further includes fixing Component, the fixation kit include the spiral shell of the fixinig plate being set on rail assembly with the bottom for being set to the arresting gear Bolt, the bolt are connect with the fixinig plate, can be secured the device on designated position.

Beneficial effects of the present invention: the arresting gear of scavenging machine provided by the invention first is that walking unit by being equipped with, It enables to mobile aircraft gate that can share, solves the problems, such as that installation cost is high;Second is that by the adjusting component being equipped with, it can be right Angle between load bearing unit and photovoltaic array plate can adapt to the photovoltaic array of more perspective;Third is that passing through the control being equipped with Component can be realized by control box and control device movement.

Detailed description of the invention

In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, required use in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, for this For the those of ordinary skill of field, without any creative labor, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other Attached drawing.Wherein:

Fig. 1 show the overall structure diagram of the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the first embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 2 show the whole knot of support unit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in second of embodiment of the invention Structure schematic diagram;

It is whole that Fig. 3 show the first adjusting unit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the third embodiment of the invention Structural schematic diagram;

Fig. 4 show in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in 4th kind of embodiment of the invention second and adjusts the whole of unit Body structural schematic diagram;

Fig. 5 show the whole knot of walking unit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the 5th kind of embodiment of the invention Structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 6 show the overall structure of STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the 5th kind of embodiment of the invention Schematic diagram;

Fig. 7 show the whole knot of brake unit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the 6th kind of embodiment of the invention Structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 8 show the whole knot of detection unit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the 7th kind of embodiment of the invention Structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 9 show the whole knot of control unit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the 7th kind of embodiment of the invention Structure schematic diagram;

Figure 10 show the entirety of load bearing unit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the 8th kind of embodiment of the invention Structural schematic diagram;

Figure 11 show the entirety of fixation kit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the 9th kind of embodiment of the invention Structural schematic diagram.

Specific embodiment

In order to make the foregoing objectives, features and advantages of the present invention clearer and more comprehensible, right with reference to the accompanying drawings of the specification A specific embodiment of the invention is described in detail.

In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to facilitate a full understanding of the present invention, but the present invention can be with Implemented using other than the one described here other way, those skilled in the art can be without prejudice to intension of the present invention In the case of do similar popularization, therefore the present invention is not limited by the specific embodiments disclosed below.

Secondly, combination schematic diagram of the present invention is described in detail, when describing the embodiments of the present invention, for purposes of illustration only, table Show that the sectional view of device architecture can disobey general proportion and make partial enlargement, and the schematic diagram is example, is not answered herein Limit the scope of protection of the invention.In addition, the three-dimensional space of length, width and depth should be included in actual fabrication.

Thirdly, " one embodiment " or " embodiment " referred to herein, which refers to, may be included at least one realization of the present invention A particular feature, structure, or characteristic in mode." in one embodiment " that different places occur in the present specification is not equal Refer to the same embodiment, nor the individual or selective embodiment mutually exclusive with other embodiments.

It is as shown in Figure 1 the overall structure signal of the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the first embodiment of the invention Scheme, the device includes load bearing unit 100 and support unit 200 in figure, in the present embodiment, specifically, load bearing unit 100 is To be assembled with the splicing of several connecting rods (such as aluminum profile bar), and photovoltaic array scavenging machine can be carried, work as scavenging machine It executes cleaning movement and is able to enter load bearing unit 100 after the completion, carry scavenging machine on the device at this time and be therewith moved to down One photovoltaic array plate, the scavenging machine on load bearing unit 100 can be moved to next photovoltaic panel, and scavenging machine continues to clean dynamic Make, when turning again to the load bearing unit 100 after the completion, and so on, sharing for aircraft gate is realized, to reduce scavenging machine shutdown The installation cost of device.Support unit 200, the support unit 200 are equally also spelled for several connecting rods (such as aluminum profile bar) Connect the structure of the similar frame assembled, can support bearing unit 100, in the present embodiment, which also wraps The first support member 201 and the second support member 203 are included, specifically, as shown in the figure, the first support member 201 and carrying are single Member 100 is connect by angle rotary part 202, is to realize the first support member here by angle rotary part 202 201 is hinged with load bearing unit 100, which includes several rotators, can rotate adjusting load bearing unit Angle between 100 and support unit 200, such as: in the present embodiment, as a preferred mode, including four rotations Device adjusts the angle between the two, and angle rotary part 202 and load bearing unit 100 are loose connections, ensure that load bearing unit 100 It can smoothly rotate, so as to adapt to the tilt angle of various photovoltaic panels.Second support member 203 is with hollow structure Connecting rod, the first support member 201 are inserted into the hollow space of the second support member 203, between the second support member 203 The Telescopic rod structure that can be stretched is formed, telescopic rod is the scalable open circles made of sheet metal strip or plastic sheet roll Cylinder bar, it is characterized in that sheet metal strip or plastic sheet are fixed to have in advance the elastic force less than external diameter of rod body of memory function to roll up Bent layer makes curly bedding always and has to apply stressed elastic potential energy to telescopic rod to have function of self-tightening;Those skilled in the art are not Hardly possible discovery, realizes that can also be for the stretching structure is a variety of, such as umbrella Telescopic rod structure or cleaning glass telescopic rod, passes through rolling Ballscrew effect, can adjust the height between support unit 200 and load bearing unit 100, be not repeated herein.The device also wraps Include dynamic unit A, power unit A further includes power module and charging assembly, such as using solar panel as Charging assembly herein charges directly to power module, to provide the power of operation for whole device.

It is illustrated in figure 2 the entirety of support unit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in second of embodiment of the invention Structural schematic diagram, in the present embodiment with the first embodiment the difference is that: the first support member 201 further includes front end One supporting element 201a, rear end the first supporting element 201b, front end first crossbar part 201c and rear end rear end first crossbar part 201d, with And second support member 203 include the second supporting element of front end 203a, rear end the second supporting element 203b, front end second crossbar part 203c With rear end second crossbar part 203d, specifically, support unit 200 divides into front-end and back-end, therefore the first support portion as in figure Part 201 divides into front end the first supporting element 201a and rear end the first supporting element 201b, in the front end and rear end of support unit 200 It is respectively set there are two front end the first supporting element 201a adjacent to each other and two rear end the first supporting element 201b adjacent to each other, It is fixedly connected with front end first crossbar part 201c between two front end the first supporting element 201a adjacent to each other simultaneously, at two Rear end first crossbar part 201d is fixedly connected between rear end the first supporting element 201b adjacent to each other.Positioned at the first support member Second support member 203 of 201 lower sections equally divides into front-end and back-end, therefore the second support member 203 divides into front end the One supporting element 203a and rear end the first supporting element 203b, the front end of support unit 200 and rear end be respectively set there are two that This adjacent front end the first supporting element 203a and two rear end the first supporting element 203b adjacent to each other, while in two phases each other It is fixedly connected with front end first crossbar part 203c between adjacent front end the first supporting element 203a, in two rear ends adjacent to each other the Rear end first crossbar part 203d is fixedly connected between one supporting element 203b.By above-mentioned connection type, formation is intermediate to be had The frame of Telescopic rod structure can preferably fix the support unit 200, keep it more firm, and significantly more efficient connection is above-mentioned Load bearing unit 100, while also having the function of adjusting height.

It is whole to be illustrated in figure 3 the first adjusting unit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the third embodiment of the invention Body structural schematic diagram, in the present embodiment with second of embodiment the difference is that: the device in addition to include load bearing unit 100 And support unit 200, it further include the first adjusting unit 300, specifically, the first adjusting unit 300 is set to support as in figure The frame structure assembled is spliced including several connecting rods in one end on unit 200, can more accurately regulate and control support The height of one end between unit 200 and load bearing unit 100, further includes the first screw part 301 and first-hand wheel component 302, In the present embodiment, one end of first screw part 301 is connected with front end first crossbar part 201c, connection described herein For the dynamic connection of axis, i.e. the first screw part 301 can rotate in the junction with front end first crossbar part 201c, together When the first screw part 301 the other end penetrate through front end second crossbar part 203c, and also can opposed front end second crossbar part Axis rotation occurs for 203c, is additionally provided with screw thread on the surface of first screw part 301, and pass through in front end second crossbar part 203c Screw thread corresponding thereto, when the first screw part 301 does shaft rotation in through hole, the first spiral shell are equipped with inside the hole worn Screw thread on rod unit 301 cooperates with screw thread corresponding in through hole, and the first screw part 301 can be made relative to second Relative displacement occurs for transverse bar 203c, occurs between front end first crossbar part 201c and front end second crossbar part 203c to drive Height adjustment between the two is realized in the variation of distance.It is additionally provided with first-hand wheel component 302 on first screw part 301, makes User drives the first screw part 301 that synchronous rotation occurs by rotating the first-hand wheel component 302, is easy to use, simultaneously The area that first-hand wheel component 302 is exerted oneself is big, can reach labour-saving effect.

It is illustrated in figure 4 the second adjusting unit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the 4th kind of embodiment of the invention Overall structure diagram, in the present embodiment with the third embodiment the difference is that: the device in addition to include load bearing unit 100, support unit 200 and the first adjusting unit 300, further include the second adjusting unit 400, specifically, this second as in figure The other end that unit 400 is set to support unit 200 is adjusted, can be regulated and controled between the end support unit 200 and load bearing unit 100 Height, adjust 300 mating reaction of unit, the common height adjusted between support unit 200 and load bearing unit 100 with above-mentioned first Degree, realizes adjusting of the device to various angle height.Wherein further include first gear part 401, second-hand's wheel component 402 and Link rod piece 403, then specifically, 403 one end of linkage rod piece is fixedly connected with rear end first crossbar part 201d, the other end is backward Hold second crossbar part 203d direction extend, and link rod piece 403 on be additionally provided with rack gear, by with rear end second crossbar part The first gear part 401 that 203d is connected is meshed, which connect with second-hand's wheel component 402, passes through external force Turn second-hand wheel component 402 makes first gear part 401 match spur roller gear with linkage rod piece 403, rear end first of linking Transverse bar 201d and then drive rear end the first supporting element 201b movement, realize rear end first crossbar part 201d and rear end second crossbar The distance of part 203d is adjusted, i.e., the adjusting of height between realization support unit 200 and load bearing unit 100.

As Fig. 5~6 show walking unit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the 5th kind of embodiment of the invention Overall structure diagram, in the present embodiment with the 4th kind of embodiment the difference is that: the device in addition to include load bearing unit 100, support unit 200, first adjusts unit 300 and the second adjusting unit 400, further includes walking unit 500, specifically, Referring in figure, which is set to the bottom of support unit 200, can drive the walking of support unit 500, thus The action for realizing entire arresting gear further includes walking component 501 and Power Component 502, one kind as the present embodiment It is preferred that therefore in the present embodiment, walking component 501 further include front end rotor block 501a and front end shaft member 501b, rear end Rotor block 501c and rear end shaft member 501d and Power Component 502 further include driving part 502a and linkage part 502b, then specifically, front end rotor block 501a is set to the both ends of front end shaft member 501b, rear end rotor block 501c is set It is placed in the both ends of rear end shaft member 501d;Driving part 502a is set between walking component 501 simultaneously, linkage part 502b Including the first STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED 502b-1 and the second STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED 502b-2, front end shaft member 501b and rear end shaft member 501d distinguish It is connected in the first STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED 502b-1 and the second STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED 502b-2, power is generated by driving part 502a, through linkage part 502b drives to front end shaft member 501b and rear end shaft member 501d, then drives to front end rotor block 501a and front end axis Rod unit 501b realizes the walking movement of walking unit 500.

It is referring to Figure 5 the whole of the arresting gear middle orbit component of scavenging machine described in the 5th kind of embodiment of the invention Body structural schematic diagram, in the present embodiment with the 4th kind of embodiment the difference is that: walking unit 500 further includes rail assembly 503, specifically, the rail assembly 503 is matched with walking component 501, front end rotor block 501a and rear end idler wheel as in figure Component 501c can be moved along rail assembly 503, and rail assembly 503 is set in photovoltaic plant, be heavily loaded guide rail, due to light Overhead utility is mostly rugged and rough, and some even desert or mountain topography, traditional artificial O&M are difficult to accomplish comprehensive O&M, and Carrier rails are laid with using pre- in the present invention, entire photovoltaic plant can be covered comprehensively, the arresting gear is in rail assembly 503 On can be realized that whole station is automatic, it is most short can to design first length according to the landform of entire photovoltaic plant for movement of all standing And the most wide carrier rails of covering surface are laid with route and avoid wasting to further save material, improve working efficiency, therefore Rail assembly 503 is not only linear guide, can also be the structure of linear guide and bending guide rail.In rail assembly 503 Traveling wheel and rail assembly 503 form the structure for being similar to " rail ", so as to realize arresting gear in photovoltaic plant Walking.The present embodiment is intended only as one kind preferably, and it is not difficult to visualize, that realizes the walking structure is also possible that example to those skilled in the art Such as: crawler travel structure comprising have bracket, driving wheel, directive wheel, support roller, thrust wheel and crawler belt;Bracket is connected with rack, Driving wheel is mounted on by driving drive shaft that driving wheel is driven to rotate by body power in the power-actuated drive shaft of body;Guiding Adjustably on bracket, support roller is also positioned on bracket wheel;Main reel cage is equipped with by axis on bracket, in the one end of main reel cage It is equipped with a reel cage by axis, thrust wheel or another reel cage are equipped with by axis in the other end of main reel cage;The two of branch reel cage End is equipped with a thrust wheel by axis respectively.Smooth running, crawler belt carry more uniform, crawler belt to this creeper undercarriage when in use Service life is longer, is particularly adapted to the fields such as harvester.

It is illustrated in figure 7 the entirety of brake unit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the 6th kind of embodiment of the invention Structural schematic diagram, in the present embodiment with the 5th kind of embodiment the difference is that: the device in addition to include load bearing unit 100, Support unit 200, first adjusts unit 300, second and adjusts unit 400 and walking unit 500, further includes brake unit 600, Specifically, the brake unit 600, which can adjust unit 400 to second, has certain braking action as in figure, adjusted to second The height adjusted of unit 400 plays restriction effect, further includes contradicting component 601 and ratchet part 602, wherein contradicting component 601 include fixing piece 601a, rotating member 601b, pallet piece 601c and elastic component 601d, and fixing piece 601a has hollow structure, with 200 phase of support unit is fixedly connected, and rotating member 601b passes through hollow fixing piece 601a and fixes wherein, while elastic component 601d One end is connected with rotating member 601b, and the other end is contradicted to pallet piece 601c, first gear part 401 and second-hand's wheel component 402 are connected by shaft, and ratchet part 602 is set in shaft, and the one end pallet piece 601c can be contradicted to ratchet part 602, ratchet mechanism, a kind of one-way intermittent motion mechanism that ratchet mechanism is made of ratchet and pawl are formed by above-mentioned component; Continuous rotation or reciprocating motion are converted into unidirectional step motion by ratchet mechanism, and the ratchet gear teeth usually use unidirectional tooth, and pawl is hinged In on rocking bar, when rocking bar is counterclockwise swung, driving pawl is inserted into hook tooth just to push ratchet to rotate in same direction;Work as rocking bar When swinging clockwise, pawl slips on ratchet, and ratchet stops operating;In order to ensure ratchet is nonreversible, often in fixed structure Install non-return pawl on part additional, the reciprocally swinging of rocking bar can be realized by crank and rocker mechanism, gear mechanism and oscillating oil cylinder etc., passed When passing very little power, also useful electromagnet directly drives pawl;The angle that ratchet turns over every time is known as traverse;The size of traverse It adjusts, can also be adjusted during operation using the methods of the structural parameters for changing driving mechanism or the position for hiding tooth cover Section;If it is desired to which the precision adjusted is higher than angle corresponding to a ratchet, more pawl ratchet mechanisms can be applied.

As Fig. 8~9 show detection unit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the 7th kind of embodiment of the invention Overall structure diagram, in the present embodiment with the 6th kind of embodiment the difference is that: the device in addition to include load bearing unit 100, support unit 200, first adjusts unit 300, second and adjusts unit 400, walking unit 500 and brake unit 600, also Including detection unit 700, specifically, the detection unit 700 is used for the operating status of checking device, one kind as the present embodiment is excellent Choosing, the detection unit 700 include wherein 702 energy of sensing chip close to switch 701, sensing chip 702 and close to switch bracket 703 It is enough to be matched with close to switch 701, close to switch 701 by being connected close to switch bracket 703 with the second support member 203, Sensing chip 702 is connected with rail assembly 503, plays detection, arresting gear during capable of moving to arresting gear When being moved on rail assembly 503, when detection unit 700 detects that the device is moved to close to designated position close to switch 701 can be automatically closed, thus the operation of arresting stop immediately.As a kind of optimization of the present embodiment, sensing chip 702 and control are single First B is connected, and referring to Fig. 9, wherein the unit further includes control box, indicate indicator and button parts, specifically, control box is set It is placed on support unit 200, it is not difficult to visualize, is a kind of optimization as the present embodiment herein, can also be set to and entirely stop The other positions of machine device, the control box are central processing element, are one piece of large-scale integrated circuits, are a computers Arithmetic core and control core.Its function be mainly interpretive machine instruction and processing data, including arithmetic and logic unit, Register block and control unit etc., the control box can control the movement of entire arresting gear in the present embodiment, and can It is operated by button parts triggering command, such as manually starts button, the order of issue device starting, by control box, processing And issue and accordingly execute order, then the indicate indicator by being set on arresting gear, the operating status for showing the device, In, such as: when equipment walks in orbit and encounters obstacle and can not advance, sensing chip 702 senses corresponding state, feeds back to control Unit B processed realizes overload protection, so that driving motor is in braking state, while indicate indicator is alarmed.

It is as shown in Figure 10 the whole of load bearing unit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the 8th kind of embodiment of the invention Body structural schematic diagram, in the present embodiment with the 7th kind of embodiment the difference is that: load bearing unit 100 further includes stretching member 101, third support rod C, hinge member D, strength corner fittings E and block component F, specifically, in figure third support rod C one end It is hinged by hinge member D and load bearing unit 100, while second on the other end of third support rod C and support unit 200 Support part part 203 is hinged, when adjusting the height and/or angle between support unit 200 and load bearing unit 100, third support rod C It can adjust therewith with angle between the two, play the role of fixed support, and load bearing unit 100 is the assembling of several connecting rods The frame structure of formation enables to water chestnut to connect wherein several water chestnut junctions formed are also correspondingly arranged on strength corner fittings E Place is more firm, and those skilled in the art are it is not difficult to find that the frame structure formed in the device entirety by several connecting rods herein, The settable strength corner fittings E in its junction is more firm to achieve the effect that.Stretching member 101 be set to load bearing unit 100 with The corresponding side of photovoltaic array plate, stretching member 101 extends outwardly from the frame body side of load bearing unit 100 and and load bearing unit 100 frame body is flexibly connected, for docking the starting point of photovoltaic panel, the bridge between load bearing unit 100 and photovoltaic array plate, With certain development length, the sweeping robot on photovoltaic array plate is accepted, load bearing unit 100 can be can smoothly enter into, When not needing using stretching member 101, can by its by rotation be retracted to it is parallel with the connecting rod of frame body, need it is to be used When, it spreads out, docks photovoltaic array plate, it is convenient to use.The corresponding other side is also set up on load bearing unit 100 simultaneously Have block component F, to from photovoltaic array plate and by stretching member 101 enter load bearing unit 100 sweeping robot limit The effect of position can make its stopping when reaching designated position after entering load bearing unit 100.

1 it show fixation kit in the arresting gear of scavenging machine described in the 9th kind of embodiment of the invention referring to Fig.1 Overall structure diagram, in the present embodiment also with the 8th kind of embodiment the difference is that: the device in addition to include carrying Unit 100, support unit 200, first adjust unit 300, second adjust unit 400, walking unit 500, brake unit 600 with And detection unit 700, it further include fixation kit 800, specifically, the fixation kit 800 is set to the bottom of the arresting gear, And the component matched is corresponding on rail assembly 503, when device lower part be equipped with close to switch, reach designated position Shi Huili Stop, motor is in braking state at this time, and to be on the safe side, there are also fixation kits 800 for the bottom of device, with rail assembly Corresponding component matches on 503, including fixinig plate 801 and bolt 802, in the present embodiment, as a preference, rail assembly Correspondence component on 503 is the fixinig plate 801 that can be folded, and is cooperated with 2~4 bolts 802 that bottom connector rails are arranged in, should Fixinig plate 801 is equipped with 2~4 bolts hole corresponding with bolt 802, when needing to be fixed on designated position, by consolidating for folding Stator 801 trails, and the bolt hole on fixinig plate 801 is corresponding with bolt 802 identical, covers upper spiral shell on bolt 802 at this time Cap is fixed the two by way of manually tightening, and forms the fixed structure of bolt.It is to realize that the device is firmly solid It is scheduled on designated position, by being provided with cooperation in the front position of the device direction of travel and the batten of track fixed function The other positions of bottom of device can also be arranged in bolt arrangement, certainly, this kind of structure, be not repeated herein.

It should be noted that the above examples are only used to illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention and are not limiting, although referring to preferable Embodiment describes the invention in detail, those skilled in the art should understand that, it can be to technology of the invention Scheme is modified or replaced equivalently, and without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solution of the present invention, should all be covered in this hair In bright scope of the claims.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of arresting gear of scavenging machine is held including the load bearing unit (100) for carrying the scavenging machine, and with described The support unit (200) that carrier unit (100) is connected, it is characterised in that:
The corresponding other side is additionally provided with block component (F) on the load bearing unit (100), to from photovoltaic array plate and passing through The sweeping robot that stretching member (101) enters load bearing unit (100) plays limit, it can be made to enter load bearing unit (100) stop when reaching designated position afterwards;
The support unit (200) further includes the first support member (201), first support member (201) and the carrying Unit (100) is connected by angle rotary part (202), can adjust the support unit (200) and the load bearing unit (100) angle between;Second support member (203), second support member (203) have hollow structure, described first Support member (201) is connected with second support member (203), forms Telescopic rod structure, and it is single can to adjust the support Height between first (200) and the load bearing unit (100);First support member (201) includes the first supporting element of front end (201a) and the first supporting element of rear end (201b) is provided with front end between two the first supporting elements of front end (201a) adjacent to each other First crossbar part (201c) is provided with rear end first crossbar part between two the first supporting elements of rear end (201b) adjacent to each other (201d);Second support member (203) includes the second supporting element of front end (203a) and the second supporting element of rear end (203b), that It is provided with front end second crossbar part (203c) between this two adjacent the second supporting element of front end (203a), adjacent to each other two Rear end second crossbar part (203d) is provided between the second supporting element of rear end (203b);
First adjusts unit (300), including the first screw part (301) and first-hand wheel component (302), first threaded shank Part (301) one end is connected with the front end first crossbar part (201c), and the other end passes through the front end second crossbar part (203c) Be connected with the first-hand wheel component (302), be provided with screw thread on first screw part (301), with pass through it is described before It holds and is matched inside the hole of second crossbar part (203c), first-hand wheel component (302), first screw part described in turn (301) it pushes away residence and states front end first crossbar part (201c), so that first supporting element of front end (201a) be driven to move;
Second adjusts unit (400), including first gear part (401), second-hand's wheel component (402) and linkage rod piece (403), institute It states and is provided with rack gear in linkage rod piece (403), one end is connect with the rear end first crossbar part (201d), and the other end is to described Rear end second crossbar part (203d) extends, and distalmost end can be meshed with the first gear part (401), second-hand's wheel portion Part (402) is connected with the first gear part (401), and second-hand's wheel component (402) described in turn makes the first gear Part (401) and linkage rod piece (403) the matching resultant motion link described in the rear end first crossbar part (201d) and then drive The first supporting element of rear end (201b) movement.
2. the arresting gear of scavenging machine as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: further include,
Walking unit (500), including walking component (501) and Power Component (502), the walking component (501) includes front end Rotor block (501a) and front end shaft member (501b), rear end rotor block (501c) and rear end shaft member (501d), institute Stating Power Component (502) includes driving part (502a) and linkage part (502b), and the driving part (502a) is set to institute It states between walking component (501), the linkage part (502b) includes the first STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED (502b-1) and the second STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED (502b-2), described first STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED one end (502b-1) are connected with the front end shaft member (501b), the other end with it is described Driving part (502a) is connected, and described second STATEMENT OF FEDERALLY SPONSORED one end (502b-2) is connected with the rear end shaft member (501d) It connects, the other end is connected with the driving part (502a).
3. the arresting gear of scavenging machine as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: the walking unit (500) further includes rail Road component (503) is matched with the walking component (501), the front end rotor block (501a) and the rear end roller section Part (501c) is moved along the rail assembly (503).
4. the arresting gear of scavenging machine as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: further include,
Brake unit (600), including component (601) and ratchet part (602) are contradicted, the conflict component (601) includes fixing Part (601a), rotating member (601b), pallet piece (601c) and elastic component (601d), the rotating member (601b) pass through hollow institute It states fixing piece (601a), described elastic component one end (601d) is connected with the rotating member (601b), and the other end is contradicted to described Pallet piece (601c), the first gear part (401) are connected with second-hand's wheel component (402) by shaft, the ratchet portion Part (602) is set in the shaft, and described pallet piece (601c) one end can be contradicted to the ratchet part (602).
5. the arresting gear of scavenging machine as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: further include detection unit (700), including connect Nearly switch (701) and the sensing chip (702) matched with the close switch (701), the close switch (701) is by approaching Switch bracket (703) is connected with second support member (203), the sensing chip (702) and the rail assembly (503) It is connected.
6. the arresting gear of scavenging machine as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that: the load bearing unit (100) includes stretching, extension The frame body side of component (101), stretching member (101) from the load bearing unit (100) extends outwardly and holds with described The frame body of carrier unit (100) is flexibly connected, for docking the starting point of photovoltaic panel.
7. the arresting gear of scavenging machine as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that: the device further includes fixation kit (800), The fixation kit (800) includes the fixinig plate (801) being set on rail assembly (503) and is set to the arresting gear The bolt (802) of bottom, the bolt (802) connect with the fixinig plate (801), can secure the device to designated position On.
CN201611141682.3A 2016-12-12 2016-12-12 A kind of arresting gear of scavenging machine CN106602982B (en)

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CN107040199A (en) * 2017-05-03 2017-08-11 苏州富锐联自动化设备有限公司 Can Intelligent adjustment clean angle section the automatic operational system of solar photovoltaic assembly
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CN109450353B (en) * 2018-11-30 2020-02-07 苏州市职业大学 Mounting bracket for solar photovoltaic cell module
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