CN106538438A - A kind of pond breeding method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) - Google Patents

A kind of pond breeding method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106538438A
CN106538438A CN201610923250.1A CN201610923250A CN106538438A CN 106538438 A CN106538438 A CN 106538438A CN 201610923250 A CN201610923250 A CN 201610923250A CN 106538438 A CN106538438 A CN 106538438A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pond
haan
macrobrachium nipponensis
shrimp
water
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CN201610923250.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
于士国
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Tianjin Yun Hua Development In Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Tianjin Yun Hua Development In Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610923250.1A priority Critical patent/CN106538438A/en
Publication of CN106538438A publication Critical patent/CN106538438A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention is a kind of pond breeding method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), first near water source and the pure and fresh free of contamination local construction shrimp-cultivation pool of water quality, and the surrounding plantation submerged plant in pond, applies organic manure shrimp seedling the last week is put in a suitable place to breed, selects put in the morning at cloudy day when throwing in shrimp seedling;When feeding bait, daily early, evening respectively throws once, and feed 1/3rd amounts on the same day in the morning, feeds 2/3rds amounts on the same day at dusk;A quick lime was thrown in per 30 days in pond to carry out disinfection, the pond breeding method of the Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) that the present invention is provided is scientific and reasonable, fully takes into account the life habit of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), it is possible to increase the survival rate and cultured output of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), and make Macrobrachium nipponensis delicious, with higher economic worth.

Description

A kind of pond breeding method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan)
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture field, more particularly to a kind of pond breeding method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan).
Background technology
Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) strong adaptability, distribution are wide, with feeding habits it is miscellaneous, the culture-cycle is short, fertility is strong, the spy that market value is high Point, is the deep aquatic products welcome by broad masses, and very has the breed variety of development prospect.And pure wild Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) produces Measure low, survival rate low, be unsuitable for fishing on a large scale and sell, thus Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) currently on the market mostly is rapid-result cultivation, but it is improper Cultural method yield can be caused to reach the not delicious problem of expected, Macrobrachium nipponensis.
The content of the invention
Present invention seek to address that the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of pond breeding method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) is provided.
The present invention for achieving the above object, is employed the following technical solutions:A kind of pond breeding method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), its feature exist In its step is as follows:
(1) near water source and the pure and fresh free of contamination local construction shrimp-cultivation pool of water quality, pond size is 1500~5000 ㎡, Deep 1.5~the 2m in pond, opens a bar ditch in bottom of pond central authorities, sets a Ji Xiatan in outlet;
(2) submerged plant is planted in pond surrounding, planted area accounts for 1/4 to the 1/3 of pond floor space, while being tied with bamboo branch Broom shape is bundled into as shrimp nest, is arranged in the water layer of pond;
(3) organic manure is applied putting the last week in a suitable place to breed, applied amount is 0.11~0.15kg/ ㎡, treats Daphnia magna class amount reproduction When put shrimp seedling in a suitable place to breed;
(4) 40,000 tails are put in a suitable place to breed for per mu when throwing in shrimp seedling, selects put in a suitable place to breed in the morning at cloudy day;
(5) the juvenile prawn stage fed by 0.1~0.3kg/, ten thousand tails, with the growth of shrimp, progressively increase to 1~1.5kg/ ten thousand Tail, daily early, evening are respectively thrown once, and feed 1/3rd amounts on the same day in the morning, feeds 2/3rds amounts on the same day at dusk;Feed In bait, animal bait accounts for 20%;
(6) quick lime is thrown in in pond per 30 days ratios according to per mu of 50~100kg to carry out disinfection, per 3~5 It changes water body once, changes the volume of water body every time less than the 1/3 of raw water volume.
Particularly, in the step (1), at 0.5m under the dike waterline of pond the platform of wide 0.5m is set up to perch for shrimp and take the photograph Bait.
Particularly, the submerged plant in the step (2) is Herba vallisneriae Spiralis, hornwort, watermifoil, the one kind in black algae.
Particularly, the organic manure in the step (3) is duck excrement and biogas slurry.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:The pond breeding method of the Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) that the present invention is provided is scientific and reasonable, fully takes into account The life habit of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), it is possible to increase the survival rate and cultured output of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), and make Macrobrachium nipponensis delicious, with higher economic valency Value.
Specific embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the invention will be further described:
Embodiment 1
A kind of pond breeding method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), it is characterised in that its step is as follows:
(1) near water source and the pure and fresh free of contamination local construction shrimp-cultivation pool of water quality, pond size is 1500 ㎡, pond depth Bait is perched and taken the photograph to 1.5m, the platform that wide 0.5m is set at 0.5m under the dike waterline of pond for shrimp, opens a bar ditch in bottom of pond central authorities, is going out The mouth of a river sets a Ji Xiatan;
(2) Herba vallisneriae Spiralis are planted in pond surrounding, planted area accounts for the 1/4 of pond floor space, while broom is bundled into bamboo branch Shape is arranged in the water layer of pond as shrimp nest;
(3) organic manure (duck excrement and biogas slurry) is applied putting the last week in a suitable place to breed, applied amount is 0.11kg/ ㎡, treats that Daphnia magna class is big Shrimp seedling is put in a suitable place to breed during amount breeding;
(4) 40,000 tails are put in a suitable place to breed for per mu when throwing in shrimp seedling, selects put in a suitable place to breed in the morning at cloudy day;
(5) the juvenile prawn stage fed by ten thousand tails of 0.1kg/, with the growth of shrimp, progressively increase to ten thousand tails of 1kg/, it is daily early, Once, feed 1/3rd amounts on the same day in the morning, feeds 2/3rds amounts on the same day at dusk for late each throwing;Animal in the bait for feeding Property bait accounts for 20%;
(6) quick lime is thrown in in pond per 30 days ratios according to every mu of 50kg to carry out disinfection, water was changed per 3 days Once, the volume for changing water body every time is the 1/3 of raw water volume to body.
Embodiment 2
A kind of pond breeding method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), it is characterised in that its method is as follows:
(1) near water source and the pure and fresh free of contamination local construction shrimp-cultivation pool of water quality, pond size is 5000 ㎡, pond depth Bait is perched and taken the photograph to 2m, the platform that wide 0.5m is set at 0.5m under the dike waterline of pond for shrimp, opens a bar ditch in bottom of pond central authorities, in water outlet Mouth sets a Ji Xiatan;
(2) hornwort is planted in pond surrounding, planted area accounts for the 1/3 of pond floor space, while be bundled into bamboo branch sweeping Broom shape is arranged in the water layer of pond as shrimp nest;
(3) organic manure (duck excrement and biogas slurry) is applied putting the last week in a suitable place to breed, applied amount is 0.15kg/ ㎡, treats that Daphnia magna class is big Shrimp seedling is put in a suitable place to breed during amount breeding;
(4) 40,000 tails are put in a suitable place to breed for per mu when throwing in shrimp seedling, selects put in a suitable place to breed in the morning at cloudy day;
(5) the juvenile prawn stage fed by ten thousand tails of 0.3kg/, with the growth of shrimp, progressively increase to ten thousand tails of 1.5kg/, daily Once, feed 1/3rd amounts on the same day to each throwing of early, evening in the morning, feeds 2/3rds amounts on the same day at dusk;In the bait for feeding Animal bait accounts for 20%;
(6) quick lime is thrown in in pond per 30 days ratios according to every mu of 100kg to carry out disinfection, was changed per 5 days Once, the volume for changing water body every time is the 1/4. of raw water volume to water body
Above the present invention is exemplarily described, it is clear that the present invention is implemented and is not subject to the restrictions described above, As long as employing method of the present invention design and the various improvement that carry out of technical scheme, or not improved directly apply to other fields Close, within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of pond breeding method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), it is characterised in that its step is as follows:
(1) near water source and the pure and fresh free of contamination local construction shrimp-cultivation pool of water quality, pond size is 1500~5000 ㎡, pond Deep 1.5~2m, opens a bar ditch in bottom of pond central authorities, sets a Ji Xiatan in outlet;
(2) some submerged plants are planted in pond surrounding, planted area accounts for 1/4 to the 1/3 of pond floor space, while being tied with bamboo branch Broom shape is bundled into as shrimp nest, is arranged in the water layer of pond;
(3) organic manure is applied putting the last week in a suitable place to breed, applied amount is 0.11~0.15kg/ ㎡, is put when Daphnia magna class amount reproduction Foster shrimp seedling;
(4) 40,000 tails are put in a suitable place to breed for per mu when throwing in shrimp seedling, selects put in a suitable place to breed in the morning at cloudy day;
(5) the juvenile prawn stage fed by 0.1~0.3kg/, ten thousand tails, with the growth of shrimp, progressively increase to 1~1.5kg/, ten thousand tails, Daily early, evening respectively throws once, and feed 1/3rd amounts on the same day in the morning, feeds 2/3rds amounts on the same day at dusk;The bait for feeding In material, animal bait accounts for 20%;
(6) quick lime is thrown in in pond per 30 days ratios according to per mu of 50~100kg to carry out disinfection, per 3~5 days more Change water body once, the volume of water body is changed every time less than the 1/3 of raw water volume.
2. a kind of pond breeding method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step (1), in Chi Di The platform of wide 0.5m is set up to perch for shrimp and take the photograph bait under waterline at 0.5m.
3. a kind of pond breeding method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the heavy water in the step (2) Plant is Herba vallisneriae Spiralis, hornwort, watermifoil, the one kind in black algae.
4. a kind of pond breeding method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) as claimed in claim 1, the organic manure in the step (3) be duck excrement and Biogas slurry.
CN201610923250.1A 2016-10-29 2016-10-29 A kind of pond breeding method of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) Pending CN106538438A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107278611A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-10-24 上海海洋大学 A kind of utilization eel grass cultivates the method that the pool produces big specification Macrobrachium nipponensis
CN107372254A (en) * 2017-09-11 2017-11-24 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 A kind of high-yield cultivation method of Taihu Lake shrimp
CN111165408A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-05-19 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Environment-friendly freshwater shrimp breeding method
CN111387134A (en) * 2020-03-06 2020-07-10 武汉市农业科学院 Method for improving reproductive performance of small and medium-sized meat ducks cultured in cages

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107278611A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-10-24 上海海洋大学 A kind of utilization eel grass cultivates the method that the pool produces big specification Macrobrachium nipponensis
CN107372254A (en) * 2017-09-11 2017-11-24 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 A kind of high-yield cultivation method of Taihu Lake shrimp
CN111387134A (en) * 2020-03-06 2020-07-10 武汉市农业科学院 Method for improving reproductive performance of small and medium-sized meat ducks cultured in cages
CN111165408A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-05-19 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Environment-friendly freshwater shrimp breeding method

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Application publication date: 20170329

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