CN106518516A - Planting method for selenium-enriched edible canna - Google Patents

Planting method for selenium-enriched edible canna Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106518516A
CN106518516A CN201610933042.XA CN201610933042A CN106518516A CN 106518516 A CN106518516 A CN 106518516A CN 201610933042 A CN201610933042 A CN 201610933042A CN 106518516 A CN106518516 A CN 106518516A
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rhizoma nelumbinis
fertilizer
irrigated
planting
self
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韦云勇
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韦云勇
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings
    • A01G9/0299Handling or transporting of soil blocks or seedlings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers
    • C05G5/23Solutions

Abstract

The invention provides a planting method for selenium-enriched edible canna and belongs to the field of agricultural planting. The method includes the detailed steps that first, land suitable for growth of the edible canna is selected to be prepared, and base fertilizer prepared from self-made organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potassium fertilizer is applied to soil, wherein the self-made organic fertilizer is prepared from edible canna leaves, Japanese banana leaves, paddy rice straw, sugarcane bagasse residues, broken tea stems, shell powder, chicken manure, sheep manure, human excreta and a decomposition promoter in a mixed fermentation mode; during planting, root blocks after treatment with a selenium-enriched solution are buried into soil and watered with setting water for setting; after planting, different fertilizer is applied in different growth periods of the edible canna, the edible canna is trimmed regularly, and weak and diseased seedlings are removed. By the adoption of the planting method, the survival rate of the edible canna can be increased, fertilizer can be saved, the yield of fruits can be increased, the content of selenium elements in the root blocks of the edible canna can be increased, the planting cost can be lowered, product nutritive value can be increased, and the planting method is suitable for large-scale systematic planting, and can increase the yield and income of farmer households.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to agricultural plantation technology field, and in particular to a kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis.
【Background technology】
Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis, also known as Rhizoma Paridis tetraphyllae, Rhizoma Paridis tetraphyllae, banana dasheen.The rhizome of non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis can hyoscine, with QI invigorating, dispelling cold and dampness etc. act on.Drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis contain abundant calcium, phosphorus, ferrum, vitamin B, C and 17 kinds of aminoacid, and, up to 24.3%, which is nutritious for the content of starch of fresh Rhizoma Nelumbinis And it is easy to digestion, starch is extracted through processing and can make various little foods, be usually used in making dry lotus root vermicelli, drought obtained in traditional method Amylum Nelumbinis Rhizomatis silk Jing often to eat with can beneficial blood mends marrow, disappear hot lung moistening, prevents obesity.
Nourishing starch, crude fibre, crude protein, reducing sugar, various trace elements and aminoacid is rich in non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis tuber, wherein Selenium element be beneficial to preventing senile cardiovascular disease, osteoporosises, cataract, diabetes, and have anti-colon cancer, help disappear The functions such as change, heat-clearing and toxic substances removing, spleen invigorating stomach strengthening, nourishing the human Body.Also contain mucus albumen and dietary fiber in non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis, can with human body in Cholesterol in cholate, food and triglyceride are combined so as to discharged from feces, so as to reduce the absorption of lipid;Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis In also contain tannin, have certain invigorating the spleen to arrest diarrhea effect, can appetite stimulator, facilitating digestion, during appetizing is strong, is beneficial to anorexia, Inappetence person get well.
In sum, the popularizing planting of non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis has higher economic worth and social meaning.
At present, during the non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis of plantation, studied mainly for yield and content of starch problem, therefore planted Cheng Zhong, using substantial amounts of chemical fertilizer and pesticide, causes soil impaired serious;People are less to the research that non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis selenium-rich is planted, fertilising When only according to general plantation experience determining fertilization type, the non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis selenium content grown in causing scarce selenium soil is low, it is impossible to Meet the needs in market.
【The content of the invention】
The present invention goal of the invention be:For above-mentioned problem, there is provided a kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis, should Method can improve the survival rate of non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis, save fertilizer, improve fruit yield, increase the content of elemental selenium in non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block, reduce Planting cost, improves product nutritive value, so as to increase the commercial value of non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis, plants through large scale systemization, can be to plant Plant family increasing both production and income.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis, the implantation methods are comprised the following steps:
(1) site preparation:Select soil depth more than 60cm and have the field of irrigation and drainage system, real tillage to depth be more than 40cm, removes stone, and will plant soil ridging, row spacing 80-85cm, and ditch depth 20-30cm, width 50cm between ridge, in the inter-drain of ridge Earthing after embedment base manure;
Wherein, the base manure includes self-prepared organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer, is 60-75 according to the ratio of weight successively:2:1 mixing, Total consumption of the self-control base manure is 2-2.2t/ mus;
Wherein, the self-prepared organic fertilizer is by non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar, bagasse, broken stalky tea, conch meal, chicken Excrement, sheep stool, night soil, decomposition agent are obtained through mixed fermentation;
Wherein, the decomposition agent by following mixed raw material into:Iron sulfate, magnesium chloride, ammonium sulfate, calcium oxide, potassium selenate, Dibastic sodium phosphate;
(2) non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block is processed:Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block is cut soon, is had 2-3 bud on each block after making to cut, is cleaned up Afterwards, 2-3min is soaked in putting it into selenium-rich solution, and dry in the air after taking-up 20-30min;Wherein described selenium-rich solution mainly includes following The raw material of weight portion:5-8 part sodium selenite, 4-6 part sodium humates, 3-5 part potassium dihydrogen phosphates, 1800-2200 part water;
(3) plant:Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant the time in 10-11 month bottoms or month next year 2-3, plant 1-2 rows drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis during plantation per ridge;Plant With the transverse and longitudinal of 70-75cm × 50cm than distribution between strain;Cave being beaten during plantation, then root block being put in cave after step (2) is dried in the air, earthing is stepped on It is real, field planting water covering with plastic film is poured, wherein cave is 5-8cm, a diameter of 10-12cm deeply;
(4) apply fertilizer:After plantation, the mode irrigated is adopted to keep field humidity for 63-68%, in the non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant strain growth phase, Foliage fertilizer is imposed at interval of 5-6d;In non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block expanding stage, cave-applied fertilizer is beaten in four root and stem of certain plants intersections, per mu imposes 30kg steps (1) self-prepared organic fertilizer and 15kg carbamide, and the shield root and stem of certain plants of earthing up;
(5) manage:Weak seedling, sick seedling is removed in time, and notes deducting non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant bottom old leaf.
Further, in step (1), the pH value of the field is 6.5-7.0.
Further, in step (1), the decomposition agent is by following raw material according to 5:3:3:1:2:1 mass ratio mixing Make:Iron sulfate, magnesium chloride, ammonium sulfate, calcium oxide, potassium selenate, dibastic sodium phosphate.
Further, in step (1), the self-prepared organic fertilizer is made by the following method:Collect non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, fragrant plant Any of several broadleaf plants leaf, Oryza sativa L. bar, bagasse, broken stalky tea, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, night soil, decomposition agent;By non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. Bar is cut into 3-5cm segments, then with bagasse, broken stalky tea, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, night soil, decomposition agent successively according to quality Than for 10-15:10-15:6-10:6-10:2-4:8-10:6-9:10-15:8-12:0.01 mix homogeneously, heap fermentation 4-6d, Obtain final product the self-prepared organic fertilizer.
Further, in step (3), the field planting water includes:0.01-0.05wt% heteroauxings, 0.5-0.7wt% Sodium nitrate, remaining is water.
Further, in step (4), the foliage fertilizer is by step (1) described self-prepared organic fertilizer, sodium selenite, phosphorus Acid dihydride potassium is 1-1.5 according to mass ratio:0.5-0.6:After 1 mix homogeneously, after adding the water of its gross mass 120-130 times to dilute Use.
It should be noted that self-prepared organic fertilizer is from non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar, bagasse, stalky tea in the present invention Broken, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, night soil, decomposition agent are according to obtaining after certain weight ratio mixed fermentation.Wherein, non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf is upper The remaining residue of year plantation prunes residual branch, and wherein containing benefit materials in a large number to non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant strain growth, the present invention is again Using this part resource, the handling problems of remaining drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf are not only solved, moreover it is possible to greatly improve the yield of non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis;Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar, bagasse, stalky tea are broken, in conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, night soil containing a large amount of phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium element and various organic Matter composition, and the biological nature of these materials can also play effect of chesson and ventilation in soil, in addition, the present invention is also The decomposition agent by made by iron sulfate, magnesium chloride, ammonium sulfate, calcium oxide, potassium selenate, dibastic sodium phosphate is with the addition of, corruption has been greatly accelerated The conversion of the speed of solution and nutrient, after the self-prepared organic fertilizer of gained is manured into soil, only soil does not increase organic matter and N P and K Deng nutrient, further improve the physicochemical property of soil, promote the formation and conversion of agron and granule group, improve soil Water retention property and soil fertility, moreover it is possible to improve the resistances against diseases of plant, reduce sickness rate, increase production fruit.
Relative to prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention is:
In the present invention, will be with non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar, bagasse, broken stalky tea, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, human excrement Urine, decomposition agent are that self-prepared organic fertilizer obtained in raw material and phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer are arranged in pairs or groups the base manure being mixed by a certain percentage, can be non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant strain growth provides fully comprehensive nutrient, while the structure and character of improved soil, increase soil fertility, can also rise To the effect of certain disinfection and deinsectization, the growth for non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis provides excellent condition;In addition, using agricultural waste material fermentation system Fertilizer, turns waste into wealth, and realizes rationally recycling for resource, it is to avoid the waste of resource, and reduces production cost.
Secondly, in the present invention before planting, the non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block as seedling is put in selenium-rich solution and is soaked, improve drought Absorbtivity of the Rhizoma Nelumbinis to selenium so as to the photosynthesis and vivo biodistribution transformation in growth course, with selenium in plant body Exist for aminoacid form, human body had both met human body selenium element to the absorbance of the selenium element of this form up to more than 99% Need, solve absorption and the low difficult problem of metabolic rate of selenium again.
In addition, the present invention is strictly controlled in the links that non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis are planted.Select that soil property is fertile first, illumination and The good field building well of irrigation and drainage, provides suitable environment for the growth of non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis;Secondly, it is when plant is planted, suitable in its root sprinkling The root water of amount, provides nutrient for its root growth, improves the survival rate of non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant, while covering with plastic film, can keep wet Spend, prevent weeds propagation and widespread;Then, for the growth period that plant is different, frequently thin fertilizer is applied fertilizer apart from trunk apart from moderate, is carried The high utilization rate of fertilizer, non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis growth period every foliage fertilizer is sprayed, can not only supplement plant growing desired substance, may be used also Plant is supplemented by blade face and absorb selenium element, while avoiding loss of elements caused by soil application;Timing is entered to non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant Row is rational to be pruned, remove in spite of illness, small and weak plant, it is ensured that soil is fatted up and can be made full use of.
In a word, the overall implantation methods of non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis proposed by the present invention can improve the survival rate of non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis, save fertilizer, improve fruit Real yield, increases the content of elemental selenium in non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block, reduces planting cost, improve product nutritive value, so as to increase non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis Commercial value, through large scale systemization plant, can be Planting household increasing both production and income.
【Specific embodiment】
Below by way of specific embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis, the implantation methods are comprised the following steps:
(1) site preparation:Select soil depth more than 60cm and have the field of irrigation and drainage system, the pH value of the field is 6.5-7.0, Real tillage to depth is, more than 40cm, to remove stone, and will plant soil ridging, row spacing 80cm, ditch depth 20cm, width between ridge 50cm, imbeds earthing after base manure in the inter-drain of ridge;
Wherein, the base manure includes self-prepared organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer, is 60 according to the ratio of weight successively:2:1 mixing, institute The total consumption for stating self-control base manure is 2t/ mus;
Wherein, the self-prepared organic fertilizer is made by the following method:Collect non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar, Caulis Sacchari sinensis Slag, stalky tea are broken, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, night soil, decomposition agent;Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar are cut into into 3-5cm segments, Again with bagasse, broken stalky tea, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, night soil, decomposition agent successively according to mass ratio be 10:10:6:6:2: 8:6:10:8:0.01 mix homogeneously, heap fermentation 4d obtain final product the self-prepared organic fertilizer;
Wherein, the decomposition agent by following raw material according to 5:3:3:1:2:1 mass ratio is mixed:Iron sulfate, chlorination Magnesium, ammonium sulfate, calcium oxide, potassium selenate, dibastic sodium phosphate;
(2) non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block is processed:Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block is cut soon, is had 2-3 bud on each block after making to cut, is cleaned up Afterwards, 2min is soaked in putting it into selenium-rich solution, and dry in the air after taking-up 20min;Wherein described selenium-rich solution mainly includes following weight The raw material of part:5 parts of sodium selenite, 4 parts of sodium humates, 3 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphates, 1800 parts of water;
(3) plant:Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant the time in 10-11 month bottoms or month next year 2-3, plant 1-2 rows drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis during plantation per ridge;Plant With the transverse and longitudinal of 70cm × 50cm than distribution between strain;Cave being beaten during plantation, then root block being put in cave after step (2) is dried in the air, earthing is treaded, Field planting water covering with plastic film is poured, wherein cave is 5cm, a diameter of 10cm deeply;The field planting water includes:0.01wt% heteroauxings, 0.5wt% sodium nitrates, remaining is water;
(4) apply fertilizer:After plantation, the mode irrigated is adopted to keep field humidity for 63-68%, in the non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant strain growth phase, Foliage fertilizer is imposed at interval of 5-6d;In non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block expanding stage, cave-applied fertilizer is beaten in four root and stem of certain plants intersections, per mu imposes 30kg steps (1) self-prepared organic fertilizer and 15kg carbamide, and the shield root and stem of certain plants of earthing up;Wherein, the foliage fertilizer is will to be formed with step (1) Suo Shu certainly Machine fertilizer, sodium selenite, potassium dihydrogen phosphate are 1 according to mass ratio:0.5:After 1 mix homogeneously, add the water of 120 times of its gross mass dilute Use after releasing;
(5) manage:Weak seedling, sick seedling is removed in time, and notes deducting non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant bottom old leaf.
Embodiment 2
A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis, the implantation methods are comprised the following steps:
(1) site preparation:Select soil depth more than 60cm and have the field of irrigation and drainage system, the pH value of the field is 6.5-7.0, Real tillage to depth is, more than 40cm, to remove stone, and will plant soil ridging, row spacing 85cm, ditch depth 30cm, width between ridge 50cm, imbeds earthing after base manure in the inter-drain of ridge;
Wherein, the base manure includes self-prepared organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer, is 75 according to the ratio of weight successively:2:1 mixing, institute The total consumption for stating self-control base manure is 2.2t/ mus;
Wherein, the self-prepared organic fertilizer is made by the following method:Collect non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar, Caulis Sacchari sinensis Slag, stalky tea are broken, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, night soil, decomposition agent;Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar are cut into into 3-5cm segments, Again with bagasse, broken stalky tea, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, night soil, decomposition agent successively according to mass ratio be 15:15:10:10: 4:10:9:15:12:0.01 mix homogeneously, heap fermentation 6d obtain final product the self-prepared organic fertilizer;
Wherein, the decomposition agent by following raw material according to 5:3:3:1:2:1 mass ratio is mixed:Iron sulfate, chlorination Magnesium, ammonium sulfate, calcium oxide, potassium selenate, dibastic sodium phosphate;
(2) non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block is processed:Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block is cut soon, is had 2-3 bud on each block after making to cut, is cleaned up Afterwards, 3min is soaked in putting it into selenium-rich solution, and dry in the air after taking-up 30min;Wherein described selenium-rich solution mainly includes following weight The raw material of part:8 parts of sodium selenite, 6 parts of sodium humates, 5 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphates, 2200 parts of water;
(3) plant:Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant the time in 10-11 month bottoms or month next year 2-3, plant 1-2 rows drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis during plantation per ridge;Plant With the transverse and longitudinal of 75cm × 50cm than distribution between strain;Cave being beaten during plantation, then root block being put in cave after step (2) is dried in the air, earthing is treaded, Field planting water covering with plastic film is poured, wherein cave is 8cm, a diameter of 12cm deeply;The field planting water includes:0.05wt% heteroauxings, 0.7wt% sodium nitrates, remaining is water;
(4) apply fertilizer:After plantation, the mode irrigated is adopted to keep field humidity for 63-68%, in the non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant strain growth phase, Foliage fertilizer is imposed at interval of 5-6d;In non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block expanding stage, cave-applied fertilizer is beaten in four root and stem of certain plants intersections, per mu imposes 30kg steps (1) self-prepared organic fertilizer and 15kg carbamide, and the shield root and stem of certain plants of earthing up;Wherein, the foliage fertilizer is will to be formed with step (1) Suo Shu certainly Machine fertilizer, sodium selenite, potassium dihydrogen phosphate are 1.5 according to mass ratio:0.6:After 1 mix homogeneously, the water of 130 times of its gross mass is added Use after dilution;
(5) manage:Weak seedling, sick seedling is removed in time, and notes deducting non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant bottom old leaf.
Embodiment 3
A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis, the implantation methods are comprised the following steps:
(1) site preparation:Select soil depth more than 60cm and have the field of irrigation and drainage system, the pH value of the field is 6.5-7.0, Real tillage to depth is, more than 40cm, to remove stone, and will plant soil ridging, row spacing 82cm, ditch depth 25cm, width between ridge 50cm, imbeds earthing after base manure in the inter-drain of ridge;
Wherein, the base manure includes self-prepared organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer, is 68 according to the ratio of weight successively:2:1 mixing, institute The total consumption for stating self-control base manure is 2.1t/ mus;
Wherein, the self-prepared organic fertilizer is made by the following method:Collect non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar, Caulis Sacchari sinensis Slag, stalky tea are broken, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, night soil, decomposition agent;Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar are cut into into 3-5cm segments, Again with bagasse, broken stalky tea, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, night soil, decomposition agent successively according to mass ratio be 13:12:8:7:3: 9:8:13:10:0.01 mix homogeneously, heap fermentation 5d obtain final product the self-prepared organic fertilizer;
Wherein, the decomposition agent by following raw material according to 5:3:3:1:2:1 mass ratio is mixed:Iron sulfate, chlorination Magnesium, ammonium sulfate, calcium oxide, potassium selenate, dibastic sodium phosphate;
(2) non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block is processed:Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block is cut soon, is had 2-3 bud on each block after making to cut, is cleaned up Afterwards, 2.5min is soaked in putting it into selenium-rich solution, and dry in the air after taking-up 25min;Wherein described selenium-rich solution mainly includes following heavy The raw material of amount part:7 parts of sodium selenite, 5 parts of sodium humates, 4 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphates, 2000 parts of water;
(3) plant:Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant the time in 10-11 month bottoms or month next year 2-3, plant 1-2 rows drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis during plantation per ridge;Plant With the transverse and longitudinal of 72cm × 50cm than distribution between strain;Cave being beaten during plantation, then root block being put in cave after step (2) is dried in the air, earthing is treaded, Field planting water covering with plastic film is poured, wherein cave is 6cm, a diameter of 11cm deeply;The field planting water includes:0.03wt% heteroauxings, 0.6wt% sodium nitrates, remaining is water;
(4) apply fertilizer:After plantation, the mode irrigated is adopted to keep field humidity for 63-68%, in the non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant strain growth phase, Foliage fertilizer is imposed at interval of 5d;In non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block expanding stage, cave-applied fertilizer is beaten in four root and stem of certain plants intersections, per mu imposes 30kg steps (1) self-prepared organic fertilizer and 15kg carbamide, and the shield root and stem of certain plants of earthing up;Wherein, the foliage fertilizer is will to be formed with step (1) Suo Shu certainly Machine fertilizer, sodium selenite, potassium dihydrogen phosphate are 1.2 according to mass ratio:0.55:After 1 mix homogeneously, 125 times of its gross mass is added Use after water dilution;
(5) manage:Weak seedling, sick seedling is removed in time, and notes deducting non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant bottom old leaf.
Comparative example 1
A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis, the implantation methods are comprised the following steps:
(1) site preparation:Select soil depth more than 60cm and have the field of irrigation and drainage system, the pH value of the field is 6.5-7.0, Real tillage to depth is, more than 40cm, to remove stone, and will plant soil ridging, row spacing 82cm, ditch depth 25cm, width between ridge 50cm, imbeds earthing after base manure in the inter-drain of ridge;
Wherein, the base manure includes self-prepared organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer, is 68 according to the ratio of weight successively:2:1 mixing, institute The total consumption for stating self-control base manure is 2.1t/ mus;
Wherein, the self-prepared organic fertilizer is made by the following method:Collect non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar, Caulis Sacchari sinensis Slag, stalky tea are broken, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, night soil, decomposition agent;Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar are cut into into 3-5cm segments, Again with bagasse, broken stalky tea, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, night soil, decomposition agent successively according to mass ratio be 13:12:8:7:3: 9:8:13:10:0.01 mix homogeneously, heap fermentation 5d obtain final product the self-prepared organic fertilizer;
Wherein, the decomposition agent by following raw material according to 5:3:3:1:2:1 mass ratio is mixed:Iron sulfate, chlorination Magnesium, ammonium sulfate, calcium oxide, potassium selenate, dibastic sodium phosphate;
(2) plant:Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant the time in 10-11 month bottoms or month next year 2-3, plant 1-2 rows drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis during plantation per ridge;Plant With the transverse and longitudinal of 72cm × 50cm than distribution between strain;Cave is beaten during plantation, then root block is put in cave, earthing is treaded, pour field planting water simultaneously Covering with plastic film, wherein cave are 6cm, a diameter of 11cm deeply;The field planting water includes:0.03wt% heteroauxings, 0.6wt% nitric acid Sodium, remaining is water;
(3) apply fertilizer:After plantation, the mode irrigated is adopted to keep field humidity for 63-68%, in the non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant strain growth phase, Foliage fertilizer is imposed at interval of 5d;In non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block expanding stage, cave-applied fertilizer is beaten in four root and stem of certain plants intersections, per mu imposes 30kg steps (1) self-prepared organic fertilizer and 15kg carbamide, and the shield root and stem of certain plants of earthing up;Wherein, the foliage fertilizer is will to be formed with step (1) Suo Shu certainly Machine fertilizer, sodium selenite, potassium dihydrogen phosphate are 1.2 according to mass ratio:0.55:After 1 mix homogeneously, 125 times of its gross mass is added Use after water dilution;
(4) manage:Weak seedling, sick seedling is removed in time, and notes deducting non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant bottom old leaf.
Comparative example 2
A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis, the implantation methods are comprised the following steps:
(1) site preparation:Select soil depth more than 60cm and have the field of irrigation and drainage system, the pH value of the field is 6.5-7.0, Real tillage to depth is, more than 40cm, to remove stone, and will plant soil ridging, row spacing 82cm, ditch depth 25cm, width between ridge 50cm, imbeds earthing after base manure in the inter-drain of ridge;
Wherein, the base manure includes self-prepared organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer, is 68 according to the ratio of weight successively:2:1 mixing, institute The total consumption for stating self-control base manure is 2.1t/ mus;
Wherein, the self-prepared organic fertilizer is made by the following method:Collect non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar, Caulis Sacchari sinensis Slag, stalky tea are broken, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, night soil, decomposition agent;Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar are cut into into 3-5cm segments, Again with bagasse, broken stalky tea, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, night soil, decomposition agent successively according to mass ratio be 13:12:8:7:3: 9:8:13:10:0.01 mix homogeneously, heap fermentation 5d obtain final product the self-prepared organic fertilizer;
Wherein, the decomposition agent by following raw material according to 5:3:3:1:2:1 mass ratio is mixed:Iron sulfate, chlorination Magnesium, ammonium sulfate, calcium oxide, potassium selenate, dibastic sodium phosphate;
(2) plant:Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant the time in 10-11 month bottoms or month next year 2-3, plant 1-2 rows drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis during plantation per ridge;Plant With the transverse and longitudinal of 72cm × 50cm than distribution between strain;Cave is beaten during plantation, then root block is put in cave, earthing is treaded, pour field planting water simultaneously Covering with plastic film, wherein cave are 6cm, a diameter of 11cm deeply;The field planting water includes:0.03wt% heteroauxings, 0.6wt% nitric acid Sodium, remaining is water;
(3) apply fertilizer:After plantation, the mode irrigated is adopted to keep field humidity for 63-68%, in the non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant strain growth phase, Water at interval of 5d;In non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block expanding stage, cave-applied fertilizer is beaten in four root and stem of certain plants intersections, per mu imposes described in 30kg steps (1) Self-prepared organic fertilizer and 15kg carbamide, and the shield root and stem of certain plants of earthing up;
(4) manage:Weak seedling, sick seedling is removed in time, and notes deducting non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant bottom old leaf.
Comparative example 3
A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis, the implantation methods are comprised the following steps:
(1) site preparation:Select soil depth more than 60cm and have the field of irrigation and drainage system, the pH value of the field is 6.5-7.0, Real tillage to depth is, more than 40cm, to remove stone, and will plant soil ridging, row spacing 82cm, ditch depth 25cm, width between ridge 50cm, imbeds earthing after base manure in the inter-drain of ridge;
Wherein, the base manure includes self-prepared organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer, is 68 according to the ratio of weight successively:2:1 mixing, institute The total consumption for stating self-control base manure is 2.1t/ mus;
Wherein, the self-prepared organic fertilizer is made by the following method:It is 13 by sheep stool, night soil according to mass ratio: 10 mix homogeneously, heap fermentation 5d obtain final product the self-prepared organic fertilizer;
(2) plant:Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant the time in 10-11 month bottoms or month next year 2-3, plant 1-2 rows drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis during plantation per ridge;Plant With the transverse and longitudinal of 72cm × 50cm than distribution between strain;Cave is beaten during plantation, then root block is put in cave, earthing is treaded, pour field planting water simultaneously Covering with plastic film, wherein cave are 6cm, a diameter of 11cm deeply;The field planting water includes:0.03wt% heteroauxings, 0.6wt% nitric acid Sodium, remaining is water;
(3) apply fertilizer:After plantation, the mode irrigated is adopted to keep field humidity for 63-68%, in the non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant strain growth phase, Water at interval of 5d;In non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block expanding stage, cave-applied fertilizer is beaten in four root and stem of certain plants intersections, per mu imposes described in 30kg steps (1) Self-prepared organic fertilizer and 15kg carbamide, and the shield root and stem of certain plants of earthing up;
(4) manage:Weak seedling, sick seedling is removed in time, and notes deducting non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant bottom old leaf.
Experiment case study
" Mashan one " drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis are equally divided into six groups through a large amount of field experiments by the inventive method, and per group is planted one mu, Plant in adjacent planting site point, plant Second Year, collect the non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block of gained, record its average production situation and contain with nutrient Amount, concrete data are shown in Table 1;
1 product growing state of table
From the results shown in Table 1, using the indices of the non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block of embodiment 1-3 of implantation methods of the present invention Other groups are superior to, the yield of gained drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block is higher, and single block heavier-weight, element Se content are high, and content of starch is high, Contained every nutrient substance more horn of plenty;Illustrate to be planted using the implantation methods of the present invention, non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block can be obviously improved Yield and quality.
Comparative example 1 is compared compared with embodiment 3, and block is not planted in immersion before planting, and other modes all same causes selenium element to contain Amount declines up to 39.8%, and other indices differences are less;Kind of a block is dipped in selenium-rich solution before illustrating plantation, substantially can be carried The Se content of high drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis;
Comparative example 1 is compared compared with comparative example 2, during planting replaces foliage fertilizer with water, is caused per mu yield to reduce by 15.6%, is formed sediment Powder content reduces by 7.7%, and selenium element content reduces by 41.2%, and other nutrients have also declined;Illustrate in non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis growth step Section, foliage fertilizer can provide growth institute's required nutriment and selenium element;
Comparative example 1 is compared compared with comparative example 3, and the raw material of self-prepared organic fertilizer used only uses sheep stool and night soil, causes per mu yield Amount reduces by 15.8%, and content of starch reduces by 7.2%, and selenium element content reduces by 12.7%, and other nutrients are also greatly reduced;Say It is bright in non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis growth stage, self-prepared organic fertilizer of the present invention can provide abundance nutrient, increase the yield of non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis, starch contains Amount increases, while can also improve absorption of the plant to Se from Soil.
Although above the present invention is described in detail with a general description of the specific embodiments, On the basis of the present invention, it can be made some modifications or improvements, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Cause This, these modifications or improvements, belong to the scope of protection of present invention without departing from theon the basis of the spirit of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. implantation methods of a kind of selenium-rich drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis, it is characterised in that the implantation methods are comprised the following steps:
(1) site preparation:Select soil depth more than 60cm and have the field of irrigation and drainage system, real tillage to depth is, more than 40cm, to remove Stone is removed, and soil ridging will be planted, row spacing 80-85cm, ditch depth 20-30cm, width 50cm between ridge imbed base manure in the inter-drain of ridge Earthing afterwards;
Wherein, the base manure includes self-prepared organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer, is 60-75 according to the ratio of weight successively:2:1 mixing, it is described Total consumption of self-control base manure is 2-2.2t/ mus;
Wherein, the self-prepared organic fertilizer is by non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar, bagasse, broken stalky tea, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep Excrement, night soil, decomposition agent are obtained through mixed fermentation;
Wherein, the decomposition agent by following mixed raw material into:Iron sulfate, magnesium chloride, ammonium sulfate, calcium oxide, potassium selenate, phosphoric acid Hydrogen sodium;
(2) non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block is processed:Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block is cut soon, on each block after making to cut, has 2-3 bud, after cleaning up, will Which soaks 2-3min in being put into selenium-rich solution, dry in the air after taking-up 20-30min;Wherein described selenium-rich solution mainly includes following weight The raw material of part:5-8 part sodium selenite, 4-6 part sodium humates, 3-5 part potassium dihydrogen phosphates, 1800-2200 part water;
(3) plant:Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant the time in 10-11 month bottoms or month next year 2-3, plant 1-2 rows drought Rhizoma Nelumbinis during plantation per ridge;Between plant With the transverse and longitudinal of 70-75cm × 50cm than distribution;Cave being beaten during plantation, then root block being put in cave after step (2) is dried in the air, earthing is treaded, Field planting water covering with plastic film is poured, wherein cave is 5-8cm, a diameter of 10-12cm deeply;
(4) apply fertilizer:After plantation, the mode irrigated is adopted to keep field humidity for 63-68%, in the non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant strain growth phase, per Foliage fertilizer is imposed every 5-6d;In non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis root block expanding stage, cave-applied fertilizer is beaten in four root and stem of certain plants intersections, per mu imposes 30kg steps (1) The self-prepared organic fertilizer and 15kg carbamide, and the shield root and stem of certain plants of earthing up;
(5) manage:Weak seedling, sick seedling is removed in time, and notes deducting non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis plant bottom old leaf.
2. implantation methods of non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (1), the pH value of the field For 6.5-7.0.
3. implantation methods of non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (1), the decomposition agent by with Lower raw material is according to 5:3:3:1:2:1 mass ratio is mixed:Iron sulfate, magnesium chloride, ammonium sulfate, calcium oxide, potassium selenate, phosphoric acid Hydrogen sodium.
4. implantation methods of non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (1), the self-prepared organic fertilizer It is made by the following method:Collect non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar, bagasse, broken stalky tea, conch meal, chicken manure, sheep stool, Night soil, decomposition agent;Non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis leaf, Folium Musae, Oryza sativa L. bar are cut into into 3-5cm segments, then with bagasse, broken stalky tea, conch meal, chicken Excrement, sheep stool, night soil, decomposition agent successively according to mass ratio be 10-15:10-15:6-10:6-10:2-4:8-10:6-9:10- 15:8-12:0.01 mix homogeneously, heap fermentation 4-6d obtain final product the self-prepared organic fertilizer.
5. implantation methods of non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (3), the field planting water bag Include:0.01-0.05wt% heteroauxings, 0.5-0.7wt% sodium nitrates, remaining is water.
6. implantation methods of non-irrigated Rhizoma Nelumbinis according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (4), the foliage fertilizer be by Step (1) self-prepared organic fertilizer, sodium selenite, potassium dihydrogen phosphate are 1-1.5 according to mass ratio:0.5-0.6:1 mix homogeneously Afterwards, the water of its gross mass 120-130 times is added to use after diluting.
CN201610933042.XA 2016-10-25 2016-10-25 Planting method for selenium-enriched edible canna Pending CN106518516A (en)

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CN107432187A (en) * 2017-09-08 2017-12-05 江西正味食品股份有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of organic Se-rich Guangchang Nymphaea alba
CN110115211A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-08-13 江苏金麦穗生态农业科技有限公司 Rice green non-polluted planting technique

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