CN106478162A - A kind of fish meal and dregs of beans mixed fermentation fertilizer and preparation method - Google Patents

A kind of fish meal and dregs of beans mixed fermentation fertilizer and preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106478162A
CN106478162A CN201610845408.8A CN201610845408A CN106478162A CN 106478162 A CN106478162 A CN 106478162A CN 201610845408 A CN201610845408 A CN 201610845408A CN 106478162 A CN106478162 A CN 106478162A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
fish meal
dregs
beans
rice
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610845408.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王胜宝
张先平
龚亚丽
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hanzhoung Institute Of Agricultural Sciences (shaanxi Rice Research Institute)
Original Assignee
Hanzhoung Institute Of Agricultural Sciences (shaanxi Rice Research Institute)
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hanzhoung Institute Of Agricultural Sciences (shaanxi Rice Research Institute) filed Critical Hanzhoung Institute Of Agricultural Sciences (shaanxi Rice Research Institute)
Priority to CN201610845408.8A priority Critical patent/CN106478162A/en
Publication of CN106478162A publication Critical patent/CN106478162A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F1/00Fertilisers made from animal corpses, or parts thereof
    • C05F1/002Fertilisers made from animal corpses, or parts thereof from fish or from fish-wastes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of nuisanceless and organic Special Rices, grain quality rice fertilizer and preparation method thereof.Bean cake powder 1 % by weight is fried by 60 parts of fish meal and 40 parts and compost Inoculant is added, fertilizer is obtained through composting.Fertilizer can with system with, or the January day before yesterday prepare, uniformly spread fertilizer over the fields before the farming of rice field by 50 100 kilograms per mu.After administration, rice grain is full, mass of 1000 kernel increases.Can typically make rice yield reach using chemical fertilizer yield more than 85%, than using general fertilizer to increase production 100 kilograms or so.

Description

A kind of fish meal and dregs of beans mixed fermentation fertilizer and preparation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to crops organic production, particularly nuisanceless and organic Special Rices, grain quality rice fertilizer and Its preparation method.
Background technology
With the attention to ecological environmental protection, widespread pollution from the overuse of fertilizers and pesticides in rural area and agricultural product security, the life of nuisanceless and organic agriculture Producing becomes the pith of modern agricultural development, and subtracting medicine technology becomes the important channel of preventing and treating widespread pollution from the overuse of fertilizers and pesticides in rural area.Fat-reducing It is exactly to reduce or without chemical fertilizer, uses organic fertilizer or organic fertilizer instead and be used in mixed way with chemical fertilizer, to ensure agricultural product Safety.All the time, China's organic fertilizer is mainly direct using the Animal fecal pollution without any process and agricultural crop straw Use, the commercialization of fertilizer is very low, fail, using river, lake can be flowed directly into, to cause substantial amounts of using rear portion material of dividing booty N and P losses, also result in water pollution and eutrophication, destroy natural ecological environment;In recent years, organic fertilizer has been paid attention to Effect, development and some organic fertilizer products of commercialization, its primary raw material is still Animal fecal pollution and agricultural crop straw, but these Solid waste amount is big, and it is more difficult to process, relatively costly, it is often more important that also exists to process in time and causes arbitrarily stacking, no Substantial amounts of soil has been only taken up, and substantial amounts of odorant and nitrate can have also been produced in stacking and atmosphere pollution and underground Water, meanwhile, the organic fertilizer produced after these raw material scientific disposal, its fertilizer efficiency are relatively low, in addition to containing abundant organic substance, agriculture Macronutrient needed for crop is such as:Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium etc., total content less than 5%, though after being administered to farmland for improve soil fertilizer Power, improves soil texture, strengthens soil continuous production ability and has outside important effect, and effect of increasing production is not obvious enough, and uses Amount is larger, finds a kind of efficient raw material of fertilizer, which is processed using high efficiency technical means and utilized, and improves fertilizer efficiency, And easy to operate, it is nuisanceless and a problem of Organic Farming urgent need to resolve.
Special Rices include Color rice(Black rice, red rice etc.), odor type rice, grain quality rice refers to that meter matter reaches national two grades of superior rices The rice varieties of standard;Nuisanceless and organic paddy rice has become domestic main food demand, and nuisanceless and organic paddy rice must be controlled Make top 5 factor:Air, water quality, soil, fertilizer and agricultural chemicals;It is to produce nuisanceless and organic paddy rice that fertilizer is applied to paddy rice Necessary condition.Fertilizer proper use of, be to produce one of nuisanceless and organic paddy rice key link.The Ministry of Agriculture promulgates reality in the recent period The National agricultural professional standard that applies, the Fertilizer application criterion to producing nuisanceless and organic paddy rice have also been made clearly regulation, no Public hazards require that fertilization principle will be advocated fertilizer and be used in mixed way with nuisanceless chemical fertilizer, keep or increase soil fertility and soil Microbial activity, while the fertilizer for being used should not produce harmful effect to agroecological environment and rice quality;Organic requirement Fertilization principle must be the organic fertilizer Wu any chemical synthesis composition, to ensure organic trait and the quality of rice products.
Content of the invention
The present invention according to the demand in above-mentioned field, provide a kind of nuisanceless and organic Special Rices, grain quality rice fertilizer and its Preparation method, can be easy to use, improves rice yield, lifts rice local flavor, ensures nuisanceless and organic trait, keeps Soil fertility and microbial environment balance, are a kind of to be suitable for healthy, safe and environment-friendly agricultural fertilizer.Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of nuisanceless and organic Special Rices, organic rice fertilizer, it is characterised in that:By the raw material preparation of following components by weight percent Become:60 parts of fish meal, 40 parts of dregs of beans.
The fish meal is commercially available full-cream fish meal, and protein content is between 55%-62%.
The dregs of beans is the dregs of beans of commercial mechanical working process, in the form of sheets or powdery, has beany flavour.
【Preparation method】.
1) dregs of beans is fried dark yellow to color, has stir-fry beany flavour, normal temperature is cooled to, crushed with pulverizer, dregs of beans powder fineness For 40-60 mesh.
2) fish meal is proportionally added into, fully mixes, water use regulation water content is 60%.
3) 1 % by weight adds compost Inoculant, piles and chops compacting, and heap body central point temperature reaches 70 degree and kept for three days Turning, hereafter per turning in 7 days once, is down to less than 30 °C to heap body central point temperature, and raw material darkens and obtains fertilizer.
The nuisanceless and organic Special Rices of the offer of the present invention, grain quality rice fertilizer, wherein preserve Macro and microelements, Containing the necessary nitrogen of paddy growth, phosphorus, potassium content be respectively 8-9%, 2-3%, 1%, in preservation of fertility, maintain microorganism to put down Weighing apparatus plays synergy to strengthen loosing soil gas permeability in terms of being sustained nutrient.The fertilizer that the present invention is provided is very suitable for existing The theories such as healthy, the safe and environment-friendly, nutrition that advocates for organic agriculture, and prepare simple, peasant household can Self-operating, can carry Nuisanceless and organic paddy rice product yield and quality is risen, cost is less high, and benefit is also notable.
, under the conditions of identical cultivation management, the rice which is produced is all up to standard in other inputs and environment for the present invention In the case of, can increase production than the general fertilizer of use, quality also complies with nuisanceless and organic standard.Soil nothing after rice harves Hardened, soil organic matter content is high.
【Specific embodiment】.
With reference to embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
Raw material:The raw material that the present invention is adopted is the convenient source that can be purchased, and fish meal and dregs of beans can be that product is sold in market Any product type of product.
Preparation method:1)60 parts of components by weight percent position fish meal, 40 parts of dregs of beans.2)Dregs of beans is fried dark yellow to color, have stir-fry beans Fragrance, is cooled to normal temperature, is crushed with pulverizer, and dregs of beans powder fineness is 40-60 mesh.3) fish meal is proportionally added into, fully mixes, use It is 60% that water adjusts water content.4) 1 % by weight adds compost Inoculant, piles and chops compacting, and heap body central point temperature reaches 70 Degree keeps turning in three days, hereafter per turning in 7 days once, is down to less than 30 °C to heap body central point temperature, and raw material darkens To fertilizer.
Application process.
1) prepare fertilizer can with system with, or the January day before yesterday prepare, unsuitable long-term storage.2)The fertilizer of preparation is pressed Every mu 50-100 kilogram is uniformly spread fertilizer over the fields before the farming of rice field, ploughs site preparation link subsequently into normal.3)Application effect:Water after administration Rice full seed, mass of 1000 kernel increase;Can typically make rice yield reach using chemical fertilizer yield more than 85%, than using one As fertilizer increase production 100 kilograms or so.4)Ensure that after being administered alone that paddy rice reaches organic standard.The product of paddy rice can be improved Matter and the local flavor of rice.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of nuisanceless and organic Special Rices, grain quality rice fertilizer, it is characterised in that:Prepared by the raw material of following components by weight percent Form:60 parts of fish meal, 40 parts of dregs of beans.
2. a kind of fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fish meal and dregs of beans compost product refer to fish meal Bean cake powder is proportionally added into, is fully mixed, water use regulation water content is 60%;1 % by weight adds compost Inoculant, through heap Fertilizer ferments and obtained product.
3. a kind of fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that:The raw material fish meal is commercially available full-cream fish meal, Protein content is between 55%-62%;Dregs of beans is the dregs of beans of commercial mechanical working process, in the form of sheets or powdery, has beany flavour.
4. a kind of nuisanceless and organic Special Rices, the preparation method of grain quality rice fertilizer, it is characterised in that:Step is as follows: 1)Dregs of beans is fried dark yellow to color, have stir-fry beany flavour, normal temperature is cooled to, it is 40-60 mesh to be crushed with pulverizer;2)In proportion plus Enter fish meal, fully mix, water use regulation water content is 60%;3)1 % by weight adds compost Inoculant, piles and chops compacting, heap Body central point temperature reach 70 degree holding turning in three days, hereafter per turning in 7 days once, to heap body central point temperature be down to 30 °C with Under, raw material darkens and obtains fertilizer.
CN201610845408.8A 2016-09-24 2016-09-24 A kind of fish meal and dregs of beans mixed fermentation fertilizer and preparation method Pending CN106478162A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610845408.8A CN106478162A (en) 2016-09-24 2016-09-24 A kind of fish meal and dregs of beans mixed fermentation fertilizer and preparation method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610845408.8A CN106478162A (en) 2016-09-24 2016-09-24 A kind of fish meal and dregs of beans mixed fermentation fertilizer and preparation method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106478162A true CN106478162A (en) 2017-03-08

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ID=58267813

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610845408.8A Pending CN106478162A (en) 2016-09-24 2016-09-24 A kind of fish meal and dregs of beans mixed fermentation fertilizer and preparation method

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN106478162A (en)

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103833460A (en) * 2013-11-21 2014-06-04 汤俊杰 Microbial organic compound fertilizer rich in essential amino acids and preparation method thereof
CN105819946A (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-08-03 北京真普惠生物科学技术研究院 Arid, saline-alkaline and desert zone herbaceous plant organic-inorganic composite fertilizer, and preparation method and application method thereof
CN105819920A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-08-03 宁夏大地生态有限公司 Arid, saline-alkaline and desert zone woody plant organic-inorganic composite fertilizer, and preparation method and application method thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103833460A (en) * 2013-11-21 2014-06-04 汤俊杰 Microbial organic compound fertilizer rich in essential amino acids and preparation method thereof
CN105819946A (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-08-03 北京真普惠生物科学技术研究院 Arid, saline-alkaline and desert zone herbaceous plant organic-inorganic composite fertilizer, and preparation method and application method thereof
CN105819920A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-08-03 宁夏大地生态有限公司 Arid, saline-alkaline and desert zone woody plant organic-inorganic composite fertilizer, and preparation method and application method thereof

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Application publication date: 20170308

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication