CN106391510A - Ceramic tile sorting device with recognition function and sorting process of ceramic tile sorting device - Google Patents

Ceramic tile sorting device with recognition function and sorting process of ceramic tile sorting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106391510A
CN106391510A CN201611016638.XA CN201611016638A CN106391510A CN 106391510 A CN106391510 A CN 106391510A CN 201611016638 A CN201611016638 A CN 201611016638A CN 106391510 A CN106391510 A CN 106391510A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ceramic tile
conveyor belt
upper conveyor
control device
support brick
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201611016638.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106391510B (en
Inventor
周继刚
谢东
崔永彬
蔡群龙
曹春业
马冬冬
李�杰
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Shandong Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Shandong Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611016638.XA priority Critical patent/CN106391510B/en
Publication of CN106391510A publication Critical patent/CN106391510A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106391510B publication Critical patent/CN106391510B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/34Sorting according to other particular properties
    • B07C5/342Sorting according to other particular properties according to optical properties, e.g. colour
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/02Measures preceding sorting, e.g. arranging articles in a stream orientating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • B07C5/361Processing or control devices therefor, e.g. escort memory
    • B07C5/362Separating or distributor mechanisms

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  • Sorting Of Articles (AREA)
  • Devices For Post-Treatments, Processing, Supply, Discharge, And Other Processes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a ceramic tile sorting device with a recognition function and a sorting process of the ceramic tile sorting device and belongs to the technical field of ceramic tile production equipment. The ceramic tile sorting device with the recognition function is characterized in that a plurality of tile supporting devices are arranged between an upper conveying belt (17) and a lower conveying belt (16); the upper conveying belt (17) is provided with a position detecting module for detecting the moving distance of the upper conveying belt (17); the front side of the conveying direction of the upper conveying belt (17) is provided with a recognition unit for detecting types of ceramic tiles; both the position detecting module and the recognition unit are connected with a control device; lines are marked on the ceramic tiles on the upper conveying belt (17); the types of the ceramic tiles are detected by the recognition unit according to colors of the lines; and the control device is matched with the position detecting module, so that the same types of ceramic tiles are stacked in the same tile supporting device or the plurality of tile supporting devices. The ceramic tile sorting device with the recognition function is high in ceramic tile recognition rate and little in environmental factor influences; and a sorting process is high in automation degree, and the tile supporting devices can be automatically selected according to a working condition, so that intelligent sorting is realized.

Description

A kind of ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function and its sort process
Technical field
A kind of ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function and its sort process, belong to production equipment for ceramic tiles technical field.
Background technology
In ceramic tile production process, need the ceramic tile on production line is sorted, then again to different ceramic tiles respectively Packed.The ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function generally includes the pipeline on top, the pipeline of bottom and support brick Device, ceramic tile by top pipeline convey, and fall support brick device on stack, support brick device on ceramic tile reach specified number During amount, support brick device drives ceramic tile to decline and be placed on and is packed on the pipeline of bottom.The ceramic tile with identification function divides Pick device when sorting ceramic tile, need first ceramic tile to be classified, then ceramic tile is being chosen.
Chinese utility model patent ZL201120140952.5 discloses a kind of recognition system for ceramic tiles, and it passes through on ceramic tile Install Sign Board or by the combination of different identification board be identification ceramic tile classification, the Sign Board of this recognition system for ceramic tiles Make relatively complicated, and Sign Board is placed on ceramic tile, and Sign Board must be placed at the position close proximity to switch Put and just can be identified, Sign Board is easy to come off due to the vibrations of ceramic tile or mobile in the course of conveying of ceramic tile, causes Ceramic tile None- identified, using very inconvenient.
Content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is:Overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of low cost, to ceramic tile classification Identification is fast, discrimination is high ceramic tile sorting equipment and its sort process with identification function.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:This has the ceramic tile sorting equipment of identification function, It is characterized in that:Including upper conveyor belt, lower conveyer belt, support brick device and control device, support brick device has multiple, multiple support bricks Device is arranged between upper conveyor belt and lower conveyer belt, and for the ceramic tile on upper conveyor belt is transported to lower conveyer belt, on Conveyer belt is provided with the position detecting module for detecting upper conveyor belt displacement, and the front side along upper conveyor belt conveying direction sets There is the recognition unit for detecting ceramic tile classification, position detecting module is all connected with control device with recognition unit, upper conveyor belt Ceramic tile on draw and have lines, recognition unit detects the classification of ceramic tile by the color of lines, and control device detects mould with position Block matches, thus by generic ceramic tile in same or multiple support brick device stackings;Upper conveyor belt both sides are provided with for inciting somebody to action Ceramic tile on upper conveyor belt strikes and strikes block assembly from upper conveyor belt, strikes block assembly and is connected with control device.
Preferably, described recognition unit includes color mark sensor, and color mark sensor is connected with control device.
Preferably, described position detecting module includes photoelectric sensor and encoder, and photoelectric sensor is arranged on along upper The front side in tape transport direction, encoder is arranged on the motor driving upper conveyor belt motion, encoder and photoelectric sensor All it is connected with control device.
Preferably, described photoelectric sensor is the electric transducer that diffuses.
A kind of sort process of the above-mentioned ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function it is characterised in that:Walk including following Suddenly:
(1)Classification according to ceramic tile is rule bar on ceramic tile, and ceramic tile is delivered on upper conveyor belt;
(2)The recognition unit identification color of lines or the combination of line color, and transmit signal to control device, control device Judge the classification of ceramic tile, and hold in the palm brick device for different classes of ceramic tile distribution;
(3)The signal that control device detects according to position detecting module, controls upper conveyor belt to be delivered to the ceramic tile of identical category Stack on the support brick device distributing;
(4)Control device controls support brick device that ceramic tile is transported in lower conveyer belt.
Preferably, step(1)Described in ceramic tile on draw and have three lines, and the color combination of three lines and ceramic tile Classification corresponds.
Preferably, step(2)Described in control device support brick device is selected according to the classification of ceramic tile, and according to such porcelain The quantity of brick selectes the quantity of the support brick device stacking such ceramic tile.
Preferably, step(3)Described in support brick device on stack 2 ~ 3 blocks of ceramic tiles.
Preferably, step(3)Described in position detecting module detect ceramic tile position, and upper conveyor belt movement away from From being converted into the signal of telecommunication and be conveyed to control device, control device controls the distance of upper conveyor belt movement, thus ceramic tile is conveyed To support brick device.
Compared with prior art, the present invention is had an advantageous effect in that:
The recognition unit the 1st, originally with the ceramic tile sorting equipment of identification function is identified by the color identifying the lines on ceramic tile The classification of ceramic tile, enters line flag by lines to the classification of ceramic tile, simple to operate, and lines will not be because of ceramic tile course of conveying In vibrations and fall off, thus not there is the problem of None- identified ceramic tile classification, ceramic tile discrimination is high, by environmental factorss Impact is little.
2nd, recognition unit is color mark sensor, can identify ceramic tile class by the combination of different colours or different colours Not, discrimination is high, and recognition accuracy is high.
3rd, photoelectric sensor detection ceramic tile position, and coordinate with encoder, thus ceramic tile is conveyed to the support brick dress specified Put, because the surface reflectivity of ceramic tile is high, therefore photoelectric sensor is the electric transducer that diffuses.
The sort process the 4th, originally with the ceramic tile sorting equipment of identification function can identify, sort and stack to ceramic tile, and And sorting, the stacking of multiple ceramic tiles can be completed simultaneously, sort efficiency is high, and control device can be allocated holding in the palm to support brick device Brick device, high degree of automation, can select automatically according to operating mode to hold in the palm brick device it is achieved that intelligent sort.
5th, the lines on ceramic tile have three, indicate the classification of ceramic tile by the combination of the different colours of three lines, from And meet the requirement of the categorical measure of ceramic tile.
6th, control device selectes the quantity of support brick device according to the quantity of classification ceramic tile of the same race, it is to avoid support brick device is empty Not busy problem, also substantially increases sort efficiency simultaneously.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of the ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function.
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing at A in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing at B in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing at C in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the schematic perspective view of support brick device.
Fig. 6 is the schematic front view of support brick device.
Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional schematic in D-D direction in Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the planning department's enlarged drawing at E in Fig. 6.
Fig. 9 is the schematic perspective view of support brick finger.
In figure:1st, guard shield 2, riser guide 3, baffle plate 4, sheet metal component 5, lifting motor 6, support brick frame 7, buffering wheel 8th, buffering rotating shaft 9, support brick finger 901, finger main body 902, support block 903, guide part 904, fixed block 905, buffering Pad 10, elevating chain 11, support brick photoswitch 12, driven sprocket rotating shaft 13, fastening bolt 14, rotating shaft installing plate 15, Sort frame 16, lower conveyer belt 17, upper conveyor belt 18, bearing 19, strike brick cylinder 20, installing rack 21, upper adjusting screw 22nd, adjustment portion 23, vertical power transmission shaft 24, entablature 25, horizontal drive shaft 26, lower adjusting screw 27, sill.
Specific embodiment
Fig. 1 ~ 9 are highly preferred embodiment of the present invention, and 1 ~ 9 the present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
A kind of ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function, including upper conveyor belt 17, lower conveyer belt 16, support brick device and Control device, asks brick device to have multiple, and multiple support brick devices are arranged between upper conveyor belt 17 and lower conveyer belt 16, and for inciting somebody to action Ceramic tile on upper conveyor belt 17 is transported in lower conveyer belt 16, upper conveyor belt 17 be provided with for detect upper conveyor belt 17 mobile away from From position detecting module, the front side along upper conveyor belt 17 conveying direction is provided with recognition unit for detecting ceramic tile classification, position Put detection module to be all connected with control device with recognition unit, the ceramic tile of upper conveyor belt 17 is drawn lines, and recognition unit passes through Detecting the classification of ceramic tile, control device is matched the color of lines with position detecting module, thus generic ceramic tile is existed Same or multiple support brick device stackings;Upper conveyor belt 17 both sides are provided with for striking the ceramic tile on upper conveyor belt 17 from upper conveying With 17 strike block assembly, strike block assembly and be connected with control device.Originally there is the recognition unit of the ceramic tile sorting equipment of identification function Identify the classification of ceramic tile by the color identifying the lines on ceramic tile, by lines, line flag is entered to the classification of ceramic tile, operation Simply, and lines will not fall off because of the vibrations in ceramic tile course of conveying, thus not occur None- identified ceramic tile The problem of classification, ceramic tile discrimination is high, little by such environmental effects.
Specifically:As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 3:Recognition unit is color mark sensor, and color mark sensor is arranged in sorting frame 15, Color mark sensor is arranged on the front side along upper conveyor belt 17 conveying direction, and color mark sensor is used for by the lines on ceramic tile The color of color or lines combines and to identify the classification of ceramic tile, and color mark sensor is connected with control device, and control device is controlled for PLC Device processed.
Position detecting module includes photoelectric sensor and encoder, and photoelectric sensor is arranged in sorting frame 15, photoelectricity Sensor is arranged on the front side along upper conveyor belt 17 conveying direction, and encoder is used for and the motor phase driving upper conveyor belt 17 motion Even, encoder is all connected with PLC with photoelectric sensor, photoelectric sensor for detecting the position of ceramic tile, and by signal It is uploaded to PLC, PLC controls the distance of upper conveyor belt 17 movement by encoder, thus by the porcelain on upper conveyor belt 17 Brick is delivered at application position, and ceramic tile is stacked on support brick device.Photoelectric sensor is the electric transducer that diffuses.
Sorting frame 15 is cuboid framework, and sorting frame 15 width is provided with entablature 24 and sill 27, Entablature 24 and sill 27 are all horizontally disposed with, and entablature 24 is all fixedly connected with sorting frame 15 with the two ends of sill 27. Entablature 24 is provided with three along the length direction of sorting frame 15, and sill 27 is corresponded with entablature 24, and sill 27 underfaces being arranged on entablature 24.
Entablature 24 both sides are slidably fitted with upper conveyor belt mounting rail, and sill 27 both sides are slidably fitted with lower conveyer belt peace Dress beam, upper conveyor belt mounting rail and lower conveyer belt mounting rail are all along the width x length direction setting of sorting frame 15, entablature 24 Be provided with and upper conveyor belt mounting rail between and adjust the upper governor motion that both sides upper conveyor belts installs case bay, sill 27 with defeated Send and adjust, with being provided between mounting rail, lower regulating mechanism, upper governor motion and the lower regulation machine that both sides lower conveyer belt installs case bay Pass through vertical lazy-tongs between structure to be connected, so that the pitch-synchronous of upper conveyor belt mounting rail and lower conveyer belt mounting rail are adjusted Section;Upper governor motion or lower regulating mechanism are also associated with spacing and adjust power unit.Upper governor motion can adjust the upper of both sides The spacing of conveyer belt mounting rail, lower regulating mechanism can adjust spacing between the lower conveyer belt mounting rail of both sides such that it is able to Adapt to sorting and the conveying of various sizes of ceramic tile, wide accommodation, be provided with perpendicular between upper governor motion and lower regulating mechanism To lazy-tongs, make the pitch-synchronous adjustment of upper conveyor belt mounting rail and lower conveyer belt mounting rail, that is, simplify behaviour during regulation Make, ensure that the spacing between upper conveyor belt mounting rail and lower conveyer belt mounting rail is always consistent again.
Upper conveyor belt mounting rail and lower conveyer belt mounting rail are all along the length direction setting of sorting frame 15.Upper conveyor belt is pacified Dress beam has two, is symmetrically mounted on the top both sides of entablature 24;Lower conveyer belt mounting rail has two, is symmetrically mounted on sill 27 lower sections both sides.Upper conveyor belt mounting rail is arranged on entablature 24 by installing rack 20, and lower conveyer belt mounting rail passes through to install Frame 20 is arranged on sill 27 both sides.
The side of installing rack 20 is the mounting rail for being fixedly connected with upper conveyor belt mounting rail or lower conveyer belt mounting rail Fixed plate, upper governor motion or lower regulating mechanism promote installing rack 20, thus the upper conveyor belt mounting rail to both sides or both sides The spacing of lower conveyer belt mounting rail be adjusted.
Upper governor motion includes adjusting screw 21, and upper adjusting screw 21 and entablature 24 correspond, and are arranged on The underface of crossbeam 24.Upper adjusting screw 21 be respectively provided on two sides with oppositely oriented screw thread, the upper conveyor belt mounting rail of both sides Installing rack 20 on be equipped with the nut matching with upper adjusting screw 21, adjusting screw 21 in rotation, upper adjusting screw 21 leads to Crossing nut promotes the upper conveyor belt mounting rail of both sides synchronously to move in the opposite direction.The both ends of upper adjusting screw 21 are provided with Bearing, and be rotatably installed in sorting frame 15 by bearing block.Termination due to upper adjusting screw 21 does not extend out sorting frame 15, therefore the spacing of upper conveyor belt mounting rail will be led to change due to not touching when using.
Lower regulating mechanism includes lower adjusting screw 26, lower adjusting screw 26 be respectively provided on two sides with oppositely oriented screw thread, The nut being matched with lower adjusting screw 26 is equipped with the installing rack 20 of the lower conveyer belt mounting rail of both sides.Lower adjusting screw 26 Both ends be mounted on bearing, and by bearing block be arranged on sorting frame 15 on.
Vertical lazy-tongs include vertical power transmission shaft 23, and the both ends of vertical power transmission shaft 23 are mounted on bearing, and pass through Bearing block is arranged in sorting frame 15.One end phase of gear drive and upper adjusting screw 21 is passed through in the upper end of vertical power transmission shaft 23 Even, the lower end of vertical power transmission shaft 23 is connected with one end of lower adjusting screw 26 by gear drive.
Often it is equipped with water between adjacent two lower adjusting screws 26 and between often adjacent two upper adjusting screws 21 Flat lazy-tongs, horizontal synchronization mechanism includes horizontal drive shaft 25, and horizontal drive shaft 25 is horizontally disposed with, and the two of horizontal drive shaft 25 End is mounted on bearing, and is arranged in sorting frame 15 by bearing block.The two ends of horizontal drive shaft 25 are passed by gear Dynamic connected with adjacent two upper adjusting screws 21 or lower adjusting screw 26 respectively.
Often pass through horizontal conveyor between adjusting screw 21 and between often adjacent twice adjusting screws 26 on adjacent two Axle 25 is connected, so that often adjusting screw 21 and often adjacent twice adjusting screws 26 all keep synchronously turn on adjacent two Dynamic, and velocity of rotation is identical.Pass through vertical biography between the upper adjusting screw 21 on same vertical plane and lower adjusting screw 26 Moving axis 23 is connected, and keeps synchronous axial system, and rotating speed is identical.Rotate a upper adjusting screw 21, upper adjusting screw 21 passes through water Moving axis 25 of flating pass drives adjusting screw 21 on remaining to keep speed identical synchronous axial system, goes up adjusting screw 21 simultaneously and passes through to erect Drive lower adjusting screw 26 synchronous axial system being located at immediately below it to power transmission shaft 23 and horizontal drive shaft 25, lower adjusting screw 26 leads to Cross horizontal drive shaft 25 and drive remaining lower adjusting screw 26 synchronous axial system, so that the upper conveyor belt mounting rail of both sides and lower conveying With mounting rail parallel all the time and be located at sorting frame 15 middle part.
The top of entablature 24 is provided with axial riser guide, and the bottom of sill 27 also is provided with axial riser guide, Installing rack 20 is provided with the chute matching with the riser guide on entablature 24 or sill 27, thus ensureing that upper conveyor belt is pacified Dress beam and lower conveyer belt mounting rail linear motion, thus ensure that regulation precision it is thus also avoided that upper conveyor belt mounting rail with And lower conveyer belt mounting rail shakes in the course of the work.
It is motor that spacing adjusts power unit, and motor is connected with a lower adjusting screw, and drives lower regulation Leading screw 26 rotates, thus realizing the regulation of spacing.
Upper conveyor belt 17 is arranged on upper conveyor belt mounting rail, and with upper conveyor belt mounting rail synchronizing moving, lower conveyer belt 16 are arranged on lower conveyer belt mounting rail, and with lower conveyer belt 16 synchronizing moving, ask the two ends of brick device to be separately mounted to defeated Send on band mounting rail and lower conveyer belt mounting rail, and with upper conveyor belt mounting rail and lower conveyer belt mounting rail synchronizing moving.Support brick Device has even number, and multiple support brick devices are symmetricly set on the both sides of sorting frame 15 such that it is able to pass through along upper conveyor belt 17 Support ceramic tile is carried out in the both sides of ceramic tile.
As shown in Figure 4:It is additionally provided with sorting frame 15 and strike block assembly for striking ceramic tile from upper conveyor belt 17.Strike brick list Unit is cylinder, and cylinder is synchronized percussion by piston rod to four angles of ceramic tile, so that ceramic tile is departed from upper conveyor belt 15.Support brick The quantity of device is adjusted according to the species of ceramic tile.Support brick device is arranged on the two of upper conveyor belt 17 and lower conveyer belt 16 Side, thus not counteract to the ceramic tile in lower conveyer belt 16.
As shown in Figure 5:Support brick device includes the power unit holding in the palm brick finger 9 and driving support brick finger 9 motion, power list It is provided with drive mechanism between unit and support brick finger 9, power unit is connected with drive mechanism, and drives drive mechanism to move, hold in the palm brick Finger 9 is fixed on drive mechanism, and with drive mechanism synchronizing moving, thus driving the ceramic tile after sorting to move, power unit And drive mechanism is installed in support brick frame 6.Power unit drives support brick finger 9 mobile by drive mechanism, thus realizing The lifting of ceramic tile, structure is simple, and the every even number of this support brick device is one group, and the both sides load of ceramic tile is placed on support brick finger 9, work Stable, and this support brick device will not counteract to the conveying of rear ceramic tile, high working efficiency.
Support brick frame 6 includes the guard shield 1 of both sides and the sheet metal component 4 of rear side.Two guard shields 1 are all vertically arranged, sheet metal component 4 There are two, two sheet metal components 4 are arranged on the rear side of guard shield 1, and are separately positioned on the upper and lower ends of guard shield 1.The two ends of sheet metal component 4 Be fixedly connected with two guard shields 1 respectively, the middle part evagination of sheet metal component 4, and the middle part of sheet metal component 4 be provided with handle, handle transversal Face is regular hexagon, and sheet metal component 4 can either be fixed to guard shield 1, can be used for connecting up again.The top and bottom of guard shield 1 are divided It is not provided with upper mounting portion and the lower mounting portion for being arranged in sorting frame 15.
As shown in Figure 6:Drive mechanism has two, and two drive mechanisms are separately positioned between two guard shields 1.Power unit Correspond with drive mechanism, and two power units are separately positioned on the outside of two guard shields 1, and be located at the top of guard shield 1. Power unit is lifting motor 5.
Support brick finger 9 on each support brick device has four, and each drive mechanism is provided with two support brick fingers 9, and Support brick finger 9 on two drive mechanisms is crisscross arranged such that it is able to the support brick finger 9 ensureing on two drive mechanisms replaces work Make, when a drive mechanism drives the ceramic tile on support brick finger 9 to decline, the support brick finger 9 on another drive mechanism can Continue to accept ceramic tile, thus improve the work efficiency of this support brick device.
Drive mechanism includes elevating chain 10 and the sprocket wheel of support brick frame 6 upper and lower ends.The sprocket wheel of support brick frame 6 upper end For drive sprocket, drive sprocket is arranged on the guard shield 1 of both sides by drive sprocket rotating shaft;Support brick frame 6 lower end sprocket wheel be Driven sprocket, driven sprocket is arranged on the guard shield 1 of both sides by driven sprocket rotating shaft 12.The output of the lifting motor 5 in left side Axle is connected with the drive sprocket rotating shaft in left side, and is rotated by the drive sprocket that the drive sprocket rotating shaft in left side drives left side, right The output shaft of lifting motor 5 of side is connected with the drive sprocket rotating shaft on right side, and is driven right by the drive sprocket rotating shaft on right side The drive sprocket of side rotates.The axis of drive sprocket and driven sprocket is all horizontally disposed with.Two elevating chains 10 respectively with both sides Sprocket wheel be meshed, support brick finger 9 is fixedly connected with elevating chain 10, and with elevating chain 10 synchronizing moving.
The two ends of driven sprocket rotating shaft 12 are arranged with elevating chain strainer, and elevating chain strainer can be adjusted The elasticity of elevating chain 10, thus avoiding elevating chain 10 excessively loose, and then leads to ceramic tile to rock during declining.
The top of elevating chain 10 is provided with the buffer gear for ceramic tile is entered with row buffering, and buffer gear includes buffering rotating shaft 8 and buffering wheel 7, the axis of buffering rotating shaft 8 is fixed on buffering with the diameter parallel of drive sprocket or driven sprocket, buffering wheel 7 In rotating shaft 8, and with buffering rotating shaft 8 synchronous axial system, support brick finger 9 is arranged on the underface of buffering wheel 7, and buffering wheel 7 is to falling After ceramic tile enters row buffering, then ceramic tile is made to drop down onto on support brick finger 9, thus avoiding ceramic tile being caused damage.Buffering wheel 7 have multiple, So as to preferably row buffering be entered to ceramic tile, it is to avoid ceramic tile run-off the straight in dropping process, thus affecting follow-up packaging.
The lower end of two guard shields 1 is respectively equipped with support brick photoswitch 11, and support brick photoswitch 11 is used in support brick finger 9 Ceramic tile drop down onto lower section conveyer belt on when detection support brick finger 9 position, thus avoid hold in the palm brick finger 9 motion of ceramic tile is made Become to hinder.Two support brick photoswitches 11 detect the support brick finger 9 of both sides respectively, and by holding in the palm the side detection of brick finger 9, Detecting distance due to holding in the palm brick photoswitch 11 is limited, and needs the support brick finger 9 on both sides elevating chain 10 is examined respectively Survey, the support brick finger 9 deflection left side setting therefore on the elevating chain 10 of left side, the support brick finger 9 on right side elevating chain 10 is inclined Arrange to the right, so that the support brick finger 9 in left side departs from the detection range of the support brick photoswitch 11 on right side, right side lift chain Support brick finger 9 on bar 10 departs from the detection range of the support brick photoswitch 11 in left side, and then support brick finger 9 difference to both sides Detection, it is to avoid interfere.
As shown in Figure 7:Buffering wheel 7 includes the inner core being coaxially disposed and outer tube, and outer tube is the cylinder of both ends open, and inner core is The regular hexagon cylinder of both ends open, the cross section of buffering rotating shaft 8 is also regular hexagon, and inner core is used for being set in buffering rotating shaft 8, And be fixedly connected with buffering rotating shaft 8, outer tube is used for contacting with ceramic tile, and enters row buffering to ceramic tile.Between between inner core and outer tube Every being evenly equipped with multiple dowels, the inner of dowel is connected with the outer wall of inner core, and the outer end of dowel is connected with the inwall of outer tube. In the present embodiment, the left side load of ceramic tile is placed on support brick finger 9, and buffering wheel 7 is rotated in the clockwise direction, during dowel is The arc that portion protrudes to rotation direction, and the inner of dowel is connected with the corner of inner core, outer end is fixed on along 7 turns of buffering wheel The rear side in dynamic direction is such that it is able to preferably enter row buffering, good buffer effect to the impact of ceramic tile, and ceramic tile will not be caused Damage.Whole buffering wheel 7 is the mechanism of integral type.
The buffering rotating shaft 8 of the support brick device of upper conveyor belt 17 the same side is connected, and by being arranged in sorting frame 15 Buffering motor drives.Upper conveyor belt 17 clamps ceramic tile by the both sides of ceramic tile, and ceramic tile is conveyed, and conveniently makes porcelain Brick is departed from upper conveyor belt 17.
As shown in Figure 8:Elevating chain strainer includes fastening bolt 13 and rotating shaft installing plate 14.Rotating shaft installing plate 14 Top to side bend, formed kink, bottom is be arranged in parallel with guard shield 1.Guard shield 1 is stretched out in the termination of driven sprocket rotating shaft 12 And it is rotatably installed in rotating shaft installing plate 14 bottom.The lower end of fastening bolt 13 is fixed on rotating shaft installing plate 14 by adjusting nut On kink, the top of fastening bolt 13 is fixed on guard shield 1.When elevating chain 10 pine excessively, promoted by fastening bolt 13 Rotating shaft installing plate 14 moves down, and is then fixed by adjusting nut again, so that the centre-to-centre spacing of drive sprocket and driven sprocket Increase, and then make elevating chain 10 tensioning, easy to adjust.
The outside of rotating shaft installing plate 14 is provided with baffle plate 3, and the upper end of baffle plate 3 is fixedly connected with guard shield 1, bottom and guard shield 1 Side interval setting, rotating shaft installing plate 14 and fastening bolt 13 are arranged between guard shield 1 and rotating shaft installing plate 14, thus right Fastening bolt 13 and rotating shaft installing plate 14 are protected, it is to avoid touch rotating shaft installing plate 14 in the course of the work, thus affecting The elasticity of elevating chain 10, and then have impact on the stability of this support brick device work.
As shown in Figure 9:Support brick finger 9 includes finger main body 901 and support block 902.902 two pieces of support block, two supports Block 902 is symmetricly set on finger main body 901 front part sides, and support block 902 is fixedly arranged above cushion pad 905, and cushion pad 905 passes through Be bolted on support block 902, cushion pad 905 can buffer further to the ceramic tile falling, thus avoid damage ceramic tile or Person scratches ceramic tile.It is provided with the fixed block 904 for being fixed on elevating chain 10, each finger main body on rear side of finger main body 901 901 are provided with a fixed block 904.
Fixed block 904 is provided with vertical mounting groove, and the fixed block 904 of mounting groove both sides is provided with pin shaft hole, in pin-and-hole It is provided with bearing pin.Mounting groove has spaced two.The bearing pin of fixed block 904 replaces the pin of elevating chain 10 adjacent link Axle, thus support brick finger 9 is fixed on elevating chain 10, elevating chain 10 is arranged in mounting groove, easy for installation, and will not Elevating chain 10 is counteracted with engaging of sprocket wheel.Guide part 903 is wholely set with finger main body 901, there is not assembly building Gap, further ensures finger main body 901 motion stabilization;Guide part 903 be arranged on finger main body 901 rear side such that it is able to Finger main body 901 is made to forward extend out, thus being ceramic tile slot milling.Guide part 903 is arranged on the rear side of finger main body 901, from And finger main body 901 can be made to forward extend out, thus it is ceramic tile slot milling.
Fixed block 904 and support block 902 are all arranged with finger main body 901 split, in processing and fabricating, can be according to not Same requirement adopts different materials, adopts the higher material of intensity at the larger position of stress, easy to process, such as fixed block 904 The power born is larger, and therefore the strength of materials of fixed block 904 is more than the intensity of the material of finger main body 901 and support block 902.
The middle part that fixed block 904 is arranged on finger main body 901 is to the left or middle part is to the right, and each power set is provided with two Individual drive mechanism, two drive mechanisms is mounted on hold in the palm brick finger 9 and alternation, after installation, on two drive mechanisms Support brick finger 9 in the vertical direction have a side-play amount so that the testing agency of both sides can detect corresponding transmission respectively Support brick finger 9 in mechanism, will not mutually hinder.
It is provided with guiding mechanism, guiding mechanism includes the riser guide 2 being arranged on guard shield 1 between guard shield 1 and support brick finger 9 And the guide part 903 on support brick finger 9.Guide part 903 is symmetricly set on the both sides of finger main body 901, riser guide 2 and shield Cover 1 one-to-one corresponding, riser guide 2 is fixed on guard shield 1, and riser guide 2 is provided with the gathering sill matching with guide part 903, The guide part 903 of finger main body 901 both sides is slidably mounted in gathering sill, thus the motion to support brick finger 9 guides, protects Card support brick finger 9 stable movement, it is to avoid produce and rock and lead to ceramic tile landing, working stability.
A kind of sort process of the above-mentioned ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function, comprises the steps:
(1)Classification according to ceramic tile is rule bar on ceramic tile, and ceramic tile is delivered on upper conveyor belt 17;
When producing, operator draw the lines for identifying ceramic tile classification on ceramic tile to ceramic tile according to the classification of ceramic tile.Drawing During lines, ceramic tile is divided into three regions, and bar will be drawn a line in three regions respectively, by the different colours of lines Combine and to indicate the classification of ceramic tile.The ceramic tile pulling lines is delivered on upper conveyor belt 17 through production line.
(2)The recognition unit identification color of lines or the combination of line color, and transmit signal to control device, control Device judges the classification of ceramic tile, and holds in the palm brick device for different classes of ceramic tile distribution;
Color mark sensor identifies the color of three lines, and signal is uploaded to PLC, and PLC is according to lines Color judges the classification of lines, thus completing the identification of ceramic tile classification.
After having identified ceramic tile classification, PLC is ceramic tile distribution support brick device, and PLC is according to the classification of ceramic tile and support The working condition of brick device, the ceramic tile of identical category is distributed to same or stacks with several support brick devices, each holds in the palm brick Two pieces or three blocks of ceramic tiles are stacked on device.When the quantity of same category of ceramic tile is more, PLC can be the category Ceramic tile distributes multiple support brick devices, and when same category of ceramic tile negligible amounts, PLC is that the ceramic tile of the category distributes one Individual idle support brick device.The quantity of ceramic tile stacking is arranged according to follow-up packaging.
(3)The signal that control device detects according to position detecting module, controls upper conveyor belt 17 by the ceramic tile of identical category Distribute and be delivered to and stack on same or several support brick devices;
PLC distributes after support brick explosion unit for ceramic tile, controls upper conveyor belt 17 that ceramic tile is delivered to the support brick distributing On device.Photoelectric sensor detects the position of ceramic tile, and the position signalling of ceramic tile is passed to PLC, PLC Control the motor transferring upper conveyor belt 17 motion to rotate, control the distance of upper conveyor belt 17 walking simultaneously by encoder, thus Ceramic tile is delivered on the support brick device distributing, completes the sorting of ceramic tile.
When upper conveyor belt 17 is above the support brick device that ceramic tile is delivered to distribution, this support brick device is corresponding to strike brick cylinder Action, thus ceramic tile is struck from upper conveyor belt 17 from.The ceramic tile leaving upper conveyor belt 17 drops down onto on buffering wheel 7, in buffering wheel 7 Rotation under, drop down onto support brick finger 9 on.
(4)Control device controls support brick device that ceramic tile is transported in lower conveyer belt 16;
The both sides load of ceramic tile is placed on support brick finger 9, and when ceramic tile is stacked with the ceramic tile of specified quantity, lifting motor 5 passes through to rise Descending chain bar 10 drives support to change hands finger 9 and moves down, thus ceramic tile is transported in lower conveyer belt 16.There are the support brick handss of ceramic tile in support When finger 9 moves down, another group of support brick finger motion of this support brick device, on the downside of upper conveyor belt 17, continues support ceramic tile, greatly Improve greatly the efficiency of ceramic tile sorting.
Lower conveyer belt 16 is used for for ceramic tile being delivered to next station.Lower conveyer belt 16, when conveying ceramic tile, works as lower conveyer belt Ceramic tile on 16 along the direction of motion front side have support brick device to lower conveyer belt 16 transhipment ceramic tile when, lower conveyer belt 16 stop fortune Dynamic, when being transported in lower conveyer belt 16 with the ceramic tile on support brick device, lower conveyer belt 16 can drive all of ceramic tile to move together, Thus avoiding asking brick device mutually to hinder with the ceramic tile in lower conveyer belt 16.
The above, be only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not the restriction that the present invention is made with other forms, appoints What those skilled in the art possibly also with the disclosure above technology contents changed or be modified as equivalent variations etc. Effect embodiment.But every without departing from technical solution of the present invention content, according to the present invention technical spirit to above example institute Any simple modification, equivalent variations and the remodeling made, still falls within the protection domain of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function it is characterised in that:Including upper conveyor belt(17), lower conveyer belt (16), support brick device and control device, support brick device has multiple, and multiple support brick devices are arranged on upper conveyor belt(17)With under defeated Send band(16)Between, and be used for upper conveyor belt(17)On ceramic tile be transported to lower conveyer belt(16)On, upper conveyor belt(17)On It is provided with for detecting upper conveyor belt(17)The position detecting module of displacement, along upper conveyor belt(17)The front side of conveying direction sets There is the recognition unit for detecting ceramic tile classification, position detecting module is all connected with control device with recognition unit, upper conveyor belt (17)Ceramic tile on draw and have lines, recognition unit detects the classification of ceramic tile by the color of lines, and control device is examined with position Survey module to match, thus by generic ceramic tile in same or multiple support brick device stackings;Upper conveyor belt(17)Both sides set Have for by upper conveyor belt(17)On ceramic tile strike from upper conveyor belt(17)Strike block assembly, strike block assembly and control device phase Even.
2. the ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described recognition unit Including color mark sensor, color mark sensor is connected with control device.
3. the ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described position inspection Survey module and include photoelectric sensor and encoder, photoelectric sensor is arranged on along upper conveyor belt(17)The front side of conveying direction, compiles Code device is arranged on drive upper conveyor belt(17)On the motor of motion, encoder is all connected with control device with photoelectric sensor.
4. the ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function according to claim 3 it is characterised in that:Described photoelectric sensing Device is the electric transducer that diffuses.
5. the sort process of the ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function described in a kind of any one of claim 1 ~ 4, its feature It is:Comprise the steps:
(1)Classification according to ceramic tile is rule bar on ceramic tile, and ceramic tile is delivered to upper conveyor belt(17)On;
(2)The recognition unit identification color of lines or the combination of line color, and transmit signal to control device, control device Judge the classification of ceramic tile, and hold in the palm brick device for different classes of ceramic tile distribution;
(3)The signal that control device detects according to position detecting module, controls upper conveyor belt(17)Will be defeated for the ceramic tile of identical category Deliver to stacking on the support brick device distributing;
(4)Control device controls support brick device that ceramic tile is transported to lower conveyer belt(16)On.
6. the ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function according to claim 5 sort process it is characterised in that:Step (1)Described in ceramic tile on draw and have three lines, and the color combination of three lines is corresponded with the classification of ceramic tile.
7. the ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function according to claim 5 sort process it is characterised in that:Step (2)Described in control device support brick device is selected according to the classification of ceramic tile, and stacking is selected according to the quantity of such ceramic tile should The quantity of the support brick device of class ceramic tile.
8. the ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function according to claim 5 sort process it is characterised in that:Step (3)Described in support brick device on stack 2 ~ 3 blocks of ceramic tiles.
9. the ceramic tile sorting equipment with identification function according to claim 5 sort process it is characterised in that:Step (3)Described in position detecting module detect the position of ceramic tile, and upper conveyor belt(17)The distance of movement is converted into the signal of telecommunication And it is conveyed to control device, control device controls upper conveyor belt(17)The distance of movement, thus ceramic tile is conveyed to support brick device.
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