CN106516575B - A kind of integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable - Google Patents

A kind of integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106516575B
CN106516575B CN201611016328.8A CN201611016328A CN106516575B CN 106516575 B CN106516575 B CN 106516575B CN 201611016328 A CN201611016328 A CN 201611016328A CN 106516575 B CN106516575 B CN 106516575B
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China
Prior art keywords
regulating mechanism
conveyor belt
sides
conveyer belt
rack
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CN201611016328.8A
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CN106516575A (en
Inventor
陈建军
付兵
王召奎
卢启敏
孙佩
赵汝凯
农扬民
张佳凯
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Shandong Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Shandong Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Publication of CN106516575A publication Critical patent/CN106516575A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G21/00Supporting or protective framework or housings for endless load-carriers or traction elements of belt or chain conveyors
    • B65G21/10Supporting or protective framework or housings for endless load-carriers or traction elements of belt or chain conveyors movable, or having interchangeable or relatively movable parts; Devices for moving framework or parts thereof
    • B65G21/12Supporting or protective framework or housings for endless load-carriers or traction elements of belt or chain conveyors movable, or having interchangeable or relatively movable parts; Devices for moving framework or parts thereof to allow adjustment of position of load-carrier or traction element as a whole
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G15/00Conveyors having endless load-conveying surfaces, i.e. belts and like continuous members, to which tractive effort is transmitted by means other than endless driving elements of similar configuration
    • B65G15/60Arrangements for supporting or guiding belts, e.g. by fluid jets
    • B65G15/64Arrangements for supporting or guiding belts, e.g. by fluid jets for automatically maintaining the position of the belts

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Specific Conveyance Elements (AREA)
  • Branching, Merging, And Special Transfer Between Conveyors (AREA)

Abstract

A kind of integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable, belongs to technical field of automation equipment.It is characterized by: being provided with upper beam (24) and lower beam (27) in the width direction in sorting rack (15), the upper conveyor belt (17) of two sides is slidably arranged on upper beam (24), the lower conveyer belt (16) of two sides is slidably arranged on lower beam (27), the upper regulating mechanism for adjusting two sides upper conveyor belt (17) spacing is equipped between upper beam (24) and upper conveyor belt (17), the lower regulating mechanism for adjusting two sides lower conveyer belt (16) spacing is equipped between lower beam (27) and lower conveyer belt (16), it is connected between upper regulating mechanism and lower regulating mechanism by vertical synchronization mechanism, to make upper conveyor belt (17) and the pitch-synchronous of lower conveyer belt (16) adjust.The integrated sorting equipment of this size adjustable can adapt to the sorting and conveying of various sizes of ceramic tile, wide adaptation range.

Description

A kind of integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable
Technical field
A kind of integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable, belongs to technical field of automation equipment.
Background technique
It in ceramic tile production process, needs to sort the ceramic tile on production line, then different ceramic tiles is distinguished again It is packed.Ceramic tile sorting equipment generally includes the pipeline on top, the pipeline of lower part and support brick device, and ceramic tile is by top Pipeline conveying, and fall on support brick device on stack, hold in the palm brick device on ceramic tile reach specified quantity when, hold in the palm brick device band Dynamic ceramic tile, which declines and is placed on the pipeline of lower part, to be packed.The pipeline of existing sorting equipment is typically fixed to sort In the rack of device, due to the limitation of conveyer belt spacing, cause existing sorting equipment that can only convey the ceramic tile of specific dimensions, it can not The spacing that conveyer belt is adjusted according to the size of ceramic tile greatly limits the scope of application of sorting equipment, leads to ceramic tile factory Family needs to be equipped with more ceramic tile sorting equipments, very big to increase company to meet the needs of different size ceramic tile production lines Cost.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is upper conveyor belt can be adjusted by overcoming the deficiencies of the prior art and provide one kind Crossbeam and lower conveyer belt crossbeam gap, and the integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable easy to adjust.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: the integrated sorting equipment of the size adjustable, special Sign is: including sorting rack and the upper conveyor belt being separately positioned on the upside of sorting rack and lower conveyer belt, sorting in rack It is provided with upper beam and lower beam in the width direction, the upper conveyor belt of two sides is slidably arranged on upper beam, the lower conveying of two sides Band is slidably arranged on lower beam, and the upper adjusting machine for adjusting two sides upper conveyor belt spacing is equipped between upper beam and upper conveyor belt Structure is equipped with the lower regulating mechanism for adjusting two sides lower conveyer belt spacing, upper regulating mechanism and downward between lower beam and lower conveyer belt It saves and is connected between mechanism by vertical synchronization mechanism, so that upper conveyor belt and the pitch-synchronous of lower conveyer belt be made to adjust;Upper adjusting Mechanism or lower regulating mechanism are also connected with spacing and adjust power unit.
Preferably, the upper conveyor belt is mounted on the top of upper beam by mounting rack, and lower conveyer belt passes through mounting rack It is mounted on the lower section of lower beam.
Preferably, guide rail is equipped on the upper beam and lower beam, mounting rack is equipped with the cunning matched with guide rail Slot.
Preferably, the upper regulating mechanism includes upper adjusting screw, and upper adjusting screw both ends are rotatably installed in sorting In rack, upper adjusting screw two sides are respectively equipped with oppositely oriented screw thread, be equipped on the upper conveyor belt of upper beam two sides with it is upper The nut that adjusting screw matches;
Lower regulating mechanism includes lower adjusting screw, and lower adjusting screw both ends are rotatably installed in sorting rack, lower adjusting Lead screw two sides are respectively equipped with oppositely oriented screw thread, are equipped in the lower conveyer belt of lower beam two sides and match with lower adjusting screw Nut.
Preferably, the vertical synchronization mechanism includes vertical transmission shaft, and the both ends of vertical transmission shaft are rotatably installed in point It picks in rack, the both ends of vertical transmission shaft are connected with upper regulating mechanism and lower regulating mechanism respectively, make regulating mechanism and downward Mechanism is saved to be adjusted in synchronism.
Preferably, the upper regulating mechanism and lower regulating mechanism are provided with along the length direction of sorting rack multiple, Horizontal synchronization mechanism is equipped between regulating mechanism and between every two adjacent lower regulating mechanisms on every adjacent two.
Preferably, the horizontal synchronization mechanism includes horizontal drive shaft, and the both ends of horizontal drive shaft are rotatably installed in It sorts in rack, the both ends of horizontal drive shaft are connected with adjacent two upper regulating mechanisms respectively, or adjust respectively under two Mechanism is connected.
Preferably, the upper regulating mechanism and lower regulating mechanism correspond.
Preferably, the both ends of the upper beam are slidably fitted with upper conveyor belt mounting rail, and upper conveyor belt is mounted on defeated It send on band mounting rail;The both ends of lower beam are slidably fitted with lower conveyer belt mounting rail, and lower conveyer belt is mounted on lower conveyer belt installation Liang Shang.
Preferably, the upper conveyor belt clamps ceramic tile by the two sides of ceramic tile.
Compared with prior art, the present invention possessed by the utility model has the advantages that
1, the upper regulating mechanism of the integrated sorting equipment of this size adjustable can adjust the spacing of the upper conveyor belt of two sides, under Regulating mechanism can adjust the spacing between the lower conveyer belt of two sides, enable adaptation to various sizes of ceramic tile sorting and Conveying, wide adaptation range are equipped with vertical synchronization mechanism, make upper conveyor belt and lower conveying between upper regulating mechanism and lower regulating mechanism The pitch-synchronous of band adjusts, that is, simplifies operation when adjusting, and can guarantee the spacing between upper conveyor belt and lower conveyer belt It is always consistent.
2, upper conveyor belt is mounted on upper beam by mounting rack, and lower conveyer belt is mounted on lower beam by mounting rack, Mounting rack is mounted on the guide rail on upper beam and lower beam by sliding slot, so as to upper conveyor belt and lower conveyer belt progress Guiding, avoids upper conveyor belt and lower conveyer belt in adjustment process from shifting, to influence degree of regulation and upper conveyor belt With the synchronism of lower conveyer belt.
3, the two sides of upper adjusting screw are equipped with the different screw thread of rotation direction, so as to keep the upper conveyor belt of two sides synchronous to phase Anti- direction is mobile, to ensure that the upper conveyor belt of two sides is always positioned at sorting central rack;The two sides of lower adjusting screw Equipped with the different screw thread of rotation direction, to make the lower conveyer belt synchronization of two sides move in the opposite direction, to ensure that two sides Lower conveyer belt is always positioned at sorting central rack.
4, upper regulating mechanism is connected with lower regulating mechanism by vertical transmission shaft, to guarantee to move synchronously, movement is accurate Degree is high.
5, upper regulating mechanism and lower regulating mechanism are provided with multiple, the upper regulating mechanism and every adjacent two per adjacent two Horizontal synchronization mechanism is equipped between a lower regulating mechanism, so as to guarantee the upper conveyor belt of two sides and the lower conveyer belt of two sides Remain parallel.
6, the both ends of horizontal drive shaft are connected with adjacent two upper regulating mechanisms or lower regulating mechanism respectively, transmission essence Really, so that the synchronism for adjusting regulating mechanism and lower regulating mechanism is good.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of ceramic tile sorting equipment.
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged view in Fig. 1 at A.
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged view in Fig. 1 at B.
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged view in Fig. 1 at C.
Fig. 5 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram for holding in the palm brick device.
Fig. 6 is the schematic front view for holding in the palm brick device.
Fig. 7 is the schematic cross-sectional view in the direction D-D in Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is planning department's enlarged drawing in Fig. 6 at E.
Fig. 9 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram for holding in the palm brick finger.
In figure: 1, shield 2, riser guide 3, baffle 4, sheet metal component 5, lifting motor 6, support brick rack 7, buffering wheel 8, buffer shaft 9, support brick finger 901, support brick finger main body 902, support block 903, guide part 904, fixed block 905, Cushion 10, elevating chain 11, support brick optoelectronic switch 12, driven sprocket shaft 13, fastening bolt 14, shaft mounting plate 15, it sorts rack 16, lower conveyer belt 17, upper conveyor belt 18, bearing 19, strike brick cylinder 20, mounting rack 21, upper adjusting silk Thick stick 22, adjustment portion 23, vertical transmission shaft 24, upper beam 25, horizontal drive shaft 26, lower adjusting screw 27, lower beam.
Specific embodiment
Fig. 1 ~ 9 are highly preferred embodiment of the present invention, and 1 ~ 9 the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawing.
A kind of integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable, including sort rack 15 and be separately positioned on 15 upside of sorting rack Upper conveyor belt 17 and lower conveyer belt 16, sort rack 15 on be provided with upper beam 24 and lower beam 27, two sides in the width direction Upper conveyor belt 17 be slidably arranged on upper beam 24, the lower conveyer belt 16 of two sides is slidably arranged on lower beam 27, upper beam The upper regulating mechanism for adjusting 17 spacing of two sides upper conveyor belt, lower beam 27 and lower conveyer belt 16 are equipped between 24 and upper conveyor belt 17 Between be equipped with the lower regulating mechanism for adjusting 16 spacing of two sides lower conveyer belt, by vertical between upper regulating mechanism and lower regulating mechanism Synchronization mechanism is connected, so that upper conveyor belt 17 and the pitch-synchronous of lower conveyer belt 16 be made to adjust;Upper regulating mechanism or lower adjusting machine Structure is also connected with spacing and adjusts power unit.The upper regulating mechanism of the integrated sorting equipment of this size adjustable can adjust two sides The spacing of upper conveyor belt 17, lower regulating mechanism can adjust the spacing between the lower conveyer belt 16 of two sides, enable adaptation to not With the sorting and conveying of the ceramic tile of size, wide adaptation range is equipped with vertical synchronous between upper regulating mechanism and lower regulating mechanism Mechanism adjusts upper conveyor belt and the pitch-synchronous of lower conveyer belt, that is, simplifies operation when adjusting, and conveys on capable of guaranteeing Spacing between band and lower conveyer belt is always consistent.
It is specific: as shown in Fig. 1 ~ 3: being equipped with support belt mechanism in the downside of upper conveyor belt 17.The inside of upper conveyor belt 17 Equipped with horizontally disposed belt support wheel, belt support wheel, which is connected with, pushes belt support wheel and upper conveyor belt 17 to ceramic tile side The flexible restoring organ moved horizontally, when upper conveyor belt 17 conveys ceramic tile, it is necessary to clamp ceramic tile, the present embodiment passes through elasticity Resetting-mechanism pushes 17 moment of upper conveyor belt to clamp ceramic tile.Specifically, flexible restoring organ includes reset spring and connecting plate, skin Band support wheel is sheave, and connecting plate is rotatably arranged in sorting rack 15, and reset spring one end is fixedly connected with sorting rack 15, The other end connects connecting plate, and sheave is rotatably arranged on connecting plate, and reset spring drives connecting plate rotation, so that sheave be pushed to move Dynamic, after product to be sorted enters upper conveyor belt 17, can make two sides is that upper conveyor belt 17 is expanded outward, and belt enters slot at this time In the slot of wheel, although although support belt mechanism no longer support upper conveyor belt 17, sheave can fix the upper of upper conveyor belt 17 at this time Lower position, and upper conveyor belt 17 is made to clamp ceramic tile always.
Upper beam 24 and lower beam 27 are respectively equipped in sorting rack 15, sorting rack 15 is cuboid framework, upper beam 24 and width direction of the lower beam 27 along sorting rack 15 it is horizontally disposed, the both ends of upper beam 24 and lower beam 27 with sorting Rack 15 is fixedly connected.Upper beam 24 along sorting rack 15 length direction setting there are three, lower beam 27 and upper beam 24 1 One is corresponding, and the underface of upper beam 24 is arranged in lower beam 27.
24 two sides of upper beam are slidably fitted with upper conveyor belt mounting rail, and 27 two sides of lower beam are slidably fitted with lower conveyer belt peace Fill beam, upper conveyor belt mounting rail and lower conveyer belt mounting rail along the length direction setting of sorting rack 15, upper beam 24 with it is upper The upper regulating mechanism for adjusting two sides upper conveyor belt installation case bay, lower beam 27 and lower conveyer belt are equipped between conveyer belt mounting rail The lower regulating mechanism for adjusting two sides lower conveyer belt installation case bay is equipped between mounting rail, upper regulating mechanism can adjust two sides The spacing of upper conveyor belt mounting rail, lower regulating mechanism can adjust the spacing between the lower conveyer belt mounting rail of two sides, upper conveying Band 17 is mounted on upper conveyor belt mounting rail, and lower conveyer belt 16 is mounted on lower conveyer belt mounting rail.Enable adaptation to difference The sorting and conveying of the ceramic tile of size, wide adaptation range are equipped with vertical synchronous machine between upper regulating mechanism and lower regulating mechanism Structure adjusts the pitch-synchronous of upper conveyor belt mounting rail and lower conveyer belt mounting rail, that is, simplifies operation when adjusting, and can Guarantee that the spacing between upper conveyor belt mounting rail and lower conveyer belt mounting rail is always consistent.
Upper conveyor belt mounting rail and lower conveyer belt mounting rail are along the length direction setting of sorting rack 15.Upper conveyor belt peace It fills there are two beams, is symmetrically mounted on the top two sides of upper beam 24;There are two lower conveyer belt mounting rails, is symmetrically mounted on lower beam 27 lower sections two sides.Upper conveyor belt mounting rail is mounted on upper beam 24 by mounting rack 20, and lower conveyer belt mounting rail passes through installation Frame 20 is mounted on 27 two sides of lower beam.
The side of mounting rack 20 is the mounting rail for being fixedly connected with upper conveyor belt mounting rail or lower conveyer belt mounting rail Fixed plate, upper regulating mechanism or lower regulating mechanism push mounting rack 20, thus to the upper conveyor belt mounting rail of two sides or two sides The spacing of lower conveyer belt mounting rail be adjusted.
Upper regulating mechanism includes upper adjusting screw 21, and upper adjusting screw 21 is corresponded with upper beam 24, and is arranged upper The underface of crossbeam 24.The two sides of upper adjusting screw 21 are respectively equipped with oppositely oriented screw thread, the upper conveyor belt mounting rail of two sides Mounting rack 20 on be equipped with the nut matched with upper adjusting screw 21, adjusting screw 21 in rotation, upper adjusting screw 21 is logical Crossing nut pushes the upper conveyor belt mounting rail synchronization of two sides to move in the opposite direction.The both ends of upper adjusting screw 21 are equipped with Bearing, and be rotatably installed in sorting rack 15 by bearing block.Since the end of upper adjusting screw 21 does not extend out sorting rack 15, therefore the spacing of upper conveyor belt mounting rail will not be caused to change due to not touching when in use.
Lower regulating mechanism includes lower adjusting screw 26, and the two sides of lower adjusting screw 26 are respectively equipped with oppositely oriented screw thread, The nut matched with lower adjusting screw 26 is equipped on the mounting rack 20 of the lower conveyer belt mounting rail of two sides.Lower adjusting screw 26 Both ends be mounted on bearing, and be mounted in sorting rack 15 by bearing block.
Vertical synchronization mechanism includes vertical transmission shaft 23, and the both ends of vertical transmission shaft 23 are mounted on bearing, and pass through Bearing block is mounted in sorting rack 15.The upper end of vertical transmission shaft 23 passes through one end phase of gear drive and upper adjusting screw 21 Even, the lower end of vertical transmission shaft 23 is connected by gear drive with one end of lower adjusting screw 26.
Water is equipped between per two adjacent lower adjusting screws 26 and per adjacent two between upper adjusting screw 21 Flat synchronization mechanism, horizontal synchronization mechanism include horizontal drive shaft 25, and horizontal drive shaft 25 is horizontally disposed, and the two of horizontal drive shaft 25 End is mounted on bearing, and is mounted in sorting rack 15 by bearing block.The both ends of horizontal drive shaft 25 are passed by gear It is dynamic to be connected respectively with adjacent two upper adjusting screws 21 or lower adjusting screw 26.
Pass through horizontal conveyor between adjusting screw 21 and per between adjacent two lower adjusting screws 26 on every adjacent two Axis 25 is connected, so that adjusting screw 21 and every adjacent two lower adjusting screws 26 on every adjacent two be made to keep synchronous and turn It is dynamic, and velocity of rotation is identical.By vertically passing between upper adjusting screw 21 and lower adjusting screw 26 on same vertical plane Moving axis 23 is connected, and keeps rotating synchronously, and revolving speed is identical.Rotation one upper adjusting screw 21, upper adjusting screw 21 pass through water Moving axis 25 of flating pass drives adjusting screw 21 on remaining to keep the identical synchronous rotation of speed, while upper adjusting screw 21 is by erecting The lower adjusting screw 26 being located at immediately below it is driven to rotate synchronously to transmission shaft 23 and horizontal drive shaft 25, lower adjusting screw 26 is logical Crossing horizontal drive shaft 25 drives remaining lower adjusting screw 26 to rotate synchronously, thus make two sides upper conveyor belt mounting rail and lower conveying The middle part parallel always and positioned at sorting rack 15 with mounting rail.
The top of upper beam 24 is equipped with axial guide rail, and the lower part of lower beam 27 also is provided with axial guide rail, mounting rack 20 Be equipped with the sliding slot that matches with the guide rail on upper beam 24 or lower beam 27, thus guarantee upper conveyor belt mounting rail and under it is defeated Band mounting rail is sent to move along a straight line, to ensure that the precision of adjusting, it is thus also avoided that upper conveyor belt mounting rail and lower conveyer belt peace Dress beam shakes during the work time.
It is stepper motor that spacing, which adjusts power unit, and stepper motor is connected with a lower adjusting screw 26, and drives downward It saves lead screw 26 to rotate, to realize the adjusting of spacing.
It is as shown in Figure 4: to be additionally provided with the detection unit for detecting variety classes ceramic tile in sorting rack 15 and be used for Ceramic tile is struck to the Qiao Zhuan mechanism from upper conveyor belt 17.Detection unit is sensor, and sensor passes through the color of ceramic tile, pattern or ruler Very little wait classifies to ceramic tile.Qiao Zhuan mechanism includes striking brick cylinder 19, lifting seat and impact idler wheel, and lifting seat, which is mounted on, strikes brick gas On the piston rod of cylinder 19, impact idler wheel is rotatably arranged on lifting seat.The quantity of support brick device is adjusted according to the type of ceramic tile It is whole.Support brick device is mounted on the two sides of upper conveyor belt 17 and lower conveyer belt 16, thus will not be to the ceramic tile in lower conveyer belt 16 It counteracts.
As shown in Figure 5: support brick device includes the power unit for holding in the palm brick finger 9 and support brick finger 9 being driven to move, power list It is equipped with transmission mechanism between member and support brick finger 9, power unit is connected with transmission mechanism, and transmission mechanism is driven to move, and holds in the palm brick Finger 9 is fixed on transmission mechanism, and with transmission mechanism synchronizing moving, to drive the ceramic tile movement after sorting, power unit And transmission mechanism is installed in support brick rack 6.Power unit drives support brick finger to move 9 movements by transmission mechanism, thus real The lifting of existing ceramic tile, structure is simple, and the every even number of this support brick device is one group, and the two sides load of ceramic tile is placed on support brick finger 9, work Work is stablized, and this support brick device will not counteract the conveying of rear ceramic tile, and work efficiency is high.
Holding in the palm brick rack 6 includes the shield 1 of two sides and the sheet metal component 4 of rear side.Two shields 1 are vertically arranged, sheet metal component 4 There are two, the rear side of shield 1 is arranged in two sheet metal components 4, and is separately positioned on the upper and lower ends of shield 1.The both ends of sheet metal component 4 Be fixedly connected respectively with two shields 1, the middle part evagination of sheet metal component 4, and the middle part of sheet metal component 4 be equipped with handle, handle it is transversal Face is regular hexagon, and shield 1 can either be fixed in sheet metal component 4, and can be used to be routed.The top and bottom of shield 1 point It She You not be for being mounted on the upper mounting portion and lower mounting portion that sort in rack 15.
As shown in Figure 6: there are two transmission mechanisms, and two transmission mechanisms are separately positioned between two shields 1.Power unit It is corresponded with transmission mechanism, and two power units are separately positioned on the outside of two shields 1, and are located at the top of shield 1. Power unit is lifting motor 5.
There are four support brick fingers 9 on each support brick device, and there are two support brick fingers 9 for installation on each transmission mechanism, and Support brick finger 9 on two transmission mechanisms is staggered, so as to guarantee that the support brick finger 9 on two transmission mechanisms replaces work Make, when a transmission mechanism drives the ceramic tile decline on support brick finger 9, the support brick finger 9 on another transmission mechanism can Continue to accept ceramic tile, to improve the working efficiency of this support brick device.
Transmission mechanism includes elevating chain 10 and the sprocket wheel for holding in the palm 6 upper and lower ends of brick rack.Hold in the palm the sprocket wheel of 6 upper end of brick rack For drive sprocket, drive sprocket is mounted on the shield 1 of two sides by drive sprocket shaft;Support 6 lower end of brick rack sprocket wheel be Driven sprocket, driven sprocket are mounted on the shield 1 of two sides by driven sprocket shaft 12.The output of the lifting motor 5 in left side Axis is connected with the drive sprocket shaft in left side, and the drive sprocket rotation in left side is driven by the drive sprocket shaft in left side, right The output shaft of the lifting motor 5 of side is connected with the drive sprocket shaft on right side, and drives the right side by the drive sprocket shaft on right side The drive sprocket of side rotates.The axis of drive sprocket and driven sprocket is horizontally disposed.Two elevating chains 10 respectively with two sides Sprocket wheel be meshed, support brick finger 9 is fixedly connected with elevating chain 10, and with 10 synchronizing moving of elevating chain.
The both ends of driven sprocket shaft 12 are symmetrically arranged with elevating chain strainer, and elevating chain strainer can be adjusted The elasticity of elevating chain 10 to avoid elevating chain 10 excessively loose, and then causes ceramic tile to shake during decline.
The top of elevating chain 10 is equipped with the buffer gear for being buffered to ceramic tile, and buffer gear includes buffering shaft 8 and buffering wheel 7, the axis for buffering shaft 8 is parallel with the axis of drive sprocket or driven sprocket, and buffering wheel 7 is fixed on buffering It in shaft 8, and is rotated synchronously with buffering shaft 8, support brick finger 9 is arranged in the underface of buffering wheel 7, and buffering wheel 7 is to falling After ceramic tile is buffered, then drop down onto ceramic tile on support brick finger 9, to avoid damaging ceramic tile.Buffering wheel 7 have it is multiple, So as to preferably buffer to ceramic tile, ceramic tile run-off the straight in dropping process is avoided, to influence subsequent packaging.
The lower end of two shields 1 is respectively equipped with support brick optoelectronic switch 11, and support brick optoelectronic switch 11 is used in support brick finger 9 Ceramic tile drop down onto lower section conveyer belt on when detection support brick finger 9 position, thus avoid support brick finger 9 movement of ceramic tile is made At obstruction.Two support brick optoelectronic switches 11 detect the support brick finger 9 of two sides respectively, and are detected by the side of support brick finger 9, Since the detecting distance of support brick optoelectronic switch 11 is limited, and need to examine the support brick finger 9 on two sides elevating chain 10 respectively It surveys, therefore the support brick finger 9 on left side elevating chain 10 is biased to left side setting, the support brick finger 9 on right side elevating chain 10 is inclined It is arranged to the right, to make the detection range of the support brick optoelectronic switch 11 on the support disengaging of brick finger 9 right side in left side, right side lift chain The detection range of the support brick optoelectronic switch 11 on the left of support 9 threshing of brick finger on item 10, and then the support brick finger 9 of two sides is distinguished Detection, avoids interfering with each other.
As shown in Figure 7: buffering wheel 7 includes the inner barrel and outer barrel of coaxial arrangement, and outer cylinder is the cylinder of both ends open, and inner cylinder is The regular hexagon cylinder of both ends open, the cross section of buffering shaft 8 are also regular hexagon, and inner cylinder buffers shaft 8 for being set in, And be fixedly connected with buffering shaft 8, outer cylinder buffers ceramic tile for being in contact with ceramic tile.Between between inner barrel and outer barrel Every being evenly equipped with multiple dowels, the inner end of dowel is connected with the outer wall of inner cylinder, and the outer end of dowel is connected with the inner wall of outer cylinder. In the present embodiment, the left side load of ceramic tile is placed on support brick finger 9, and buffering wheel 7 is rotated in the clockwise direction, during dowel is The arc that portion is protruded to rotation direction, and the inner end of dowel is connected with the corner of inner cylinder, outer end is fixed on along 7 turns of buffering wheel The rear side in dynamic direction, so as to preferably be buffered to the impact of ceramic tile, good buffer effect, and ceramic tile will not be caused Damage.Entire buffering wheel 7 is the mechanism of integral type.
The buffering shaft 8 of the support brick device of 17 the same side of upper conveyor belt is connected, and by being mounted in sorting rack 15 Stepper motor is buffered to drive.Upper conveyor belt 17 clamps ceramic tile by the two sides of ceramic tile, and conveys to ceramic tile, conveniently makes porcelain Brick and upper conveyor belt 17 are detached from.
As shown in Figure 8: elevating chain strainer includes fastening bolt 13 and shaft mounting plate 14.Shaft mounting plate 14 Top to side bend, formed bending part, lower part is arranged in parallel with shield 1.Shield 1 is stretched out in the end of driven sprocket shaft 12 And it is rotatably installed in 14 lower part of shaft mounting plate.The lower end of fastening bolt 13 is fixed on shaft mounting plate 14 by adjusting nut On bending part, the top of fastening bolt 13 is fixed on shield 1.When elevating chain 10 is excessively loose, pushed by fastening bolt 13 Shaft mounting plate 14 moves down, and is then fixed again by adjusting nut, thus make the center of drive sprocket and driven sprocket away from Increase, and then is tensioned elevating chain 10, it is easy to adjust.
The outside of shaft mounting plate 14 is equipped with baffle 3, and the upper end of baffle 3 is fixedly connected with shield 1, lower part and shield 1 The setting of side interval, shaft mounting plate 14 and fastening bolt 13 are arranged between shield 1 and shaft mounting plate 14, thus right Fastening bolt 13 and shaft mounting plate 14 are protected, and avoid touching shaft mounting plate 14 during the work time, to influence The elasticity of elevating chain 10, and then affect the stability of support brick device work.
As shown in Figure 9: support brick finger 9 includes support brick finger main body 901 and support block 902.902 two pieces of support block, two Support block 902 is symmetricly set on support 901 front part sides of brick finger main body, and support block 902 is fixedly arranged above cushion 905, buffers Pad 905 is bolted in support block 902, and cushion 905 can further buffer the ceramic tile fallen, to avoid damaging Bad ceramic tile scratches ceramic tile.The fixed block 904 being equipped on rear side of brick finger main body 901 for being fixed on elevating chain 10 is held in the palm, Each support brick finger main body 901 is equipped with a fixed block 904.
Fixed block 904 is equipped with vertical mounting groove, and the fixed blocks 904 of mounting groove two sides is equipped with pin shaft hole, in pin hole Equipped with pin shaft.Mounting groove has spaced two.The pin shaft of fixed block 904 replaces the pin of 10 adjacent link of elevating chain Axis, so that support brick finger 9 is fixed on elevating chain 10, elevating chain 10 is mounted in mounting groove, easy for installation, and will not Elevating chain 10 is counteracted with engaging for sprocket wheel.Guide part 903 is wholely set with support brick finger main body 901, and there is no dresses With gap, support 901 motion stabilization of brick finger main body is further ensured;After support brick finger main body 901 is arranged in guide part 903 Side, so as to make that brick finger main body 901 is ask to forward extend out, to be ceramic tile slot milling.The setting of guide part 903 is in support brick hand Refer to the rear side of main body 901, so as to forward extend out finger main body 901, to be ceramic tile slot milling.
Fixed block 904 and support block 902 with support 901 split settings of brick finger main body, in processing and fabricating, Ke Yigen Different materials is used according to different requirements, uses the higher material of intensity at the larger position of stress, it is easy to process, such as fixed block The power of 904 receivings is larger, therefore the strength of materials of fixed block 904 is greater than the material of support brick finger main body 901 and support block 902 Intensity.
The middle part that support brick finger main body 901 is arranged in fixed block 904 is to the left or middle part is to the right, installs in each power device There are two transmission mechanism, it is mounted on support brick finger 9 on two transmission mechanisms and works alternatively, after installation, two drivers Support brick finger 9 on structure has an offset in the vertical direction, and the testing agency of two sides is enabled to detect correspondence respectively Support brick finger 9 on transmission mechanism, will not mutually interfere.
It is equipped with guiding mechanism between shield 1 and support brick finger 9, guiding mechanism includes the riser guide 2 being mounted on shield 1 And the guide part 903 on support brick finger 9.Guide part 903 is symmetricly set on the two sides of support brick finger main body 901, riser guide 2 It is corresponded with shield 1, riser guide 2 is fixed on shield 1, and riser guide 2 is equipped with the guiding matched with guide part 903 The guide part 903 of slot, support 901 two sides of brick finger main body is slidably mounted in guide groove, to carry out to the movement of support brick finger 9 Guiding guarantees that support brick finger 9 moves steadily, avoids generating and shakes and ceramic tile is caused to slide, the operation is stable.
The course of work of this ceramic tile sorting equipment is as follows: upper conveyor belt 17 conveys ceramic tile, and detection unit examines ceramic tile It surveys, the ceramic tile after detection is dropped down onto after cylinder taps on the support brick finger 9 of support brick device, stacks three pieces of phases on brick finger 9 when holding in the palm With ceramic tile when, support brick finger 9 drives ceramic tile decline, and ceramic tile is put into lower conveyer belt 16, and lower conveyer belt 16 is to stacking Ceramic tile conveyed, to complete subsequent packing work.The quantity of the ceramic tile stacked every time on support brick finger 9 is according to packaging When needs be adjusted, in the present embodiment, every three pieces of tile packs together, therefore stack on each support brick finger 9 to It is placed on when three blocks of ceramic tiles in lower conveyer belt 16.
The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, being not that the invention has other forms of limitations, appoint What those skilled in the art changed or be modified as possibly also with the technology contents of the disclosure above equivalent variations etc. Imitate embodiment.But without departing from the technical solutions of the present invention, according to the technical essence of the invention to above embodiments institute Any simple modification, equivalent variations and the remodeling made, still fall within the protection scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable, it is characterised in that: including sorting rack (15) and be separately positioned on point The upper conveyor belt (17) and lower conveyer belt (16) on the upside of rack (15) are picked, is provided with cross in the width direction in sorting rack (15) The upper conveyor belt (17) of beam (24) and lower beam (27), two sides is slidably arranged on upper beam (24), the lower conveyer belt of two sides (16) it is slidably arranged on lower beam (27), is equipped between upper beam (24) and upper conveyor belt (17) and adjusts two sides upper conveyor belt (17) the upper regulating mechanism of spacing is equipped between lower beam (27) and lower conveyer belt (16) and adjusts two sides lower conveyer belt (16) spacing Lower regulating mechanism, between upper regulating mechanism and lower regulating mechanism by vertical synchronization mechanism be connected, to make upper conveyor belt (17) it is adjusted with the pitch-synchronous of lower conveyer belt (16);Upper regulating mechanism or lower regulating mechanism are also connected with spacing and adjust power list Member;Detection unit for detecting variety classes ceramic tile and defeated from upper for striking ceramic tile is additionally provided in sorting rack (15) The Qiao Zhuan mechanism for sending band (17) holds in the palm brick device in upper conveyor belt (17) and the two sides mounting bracket brick device of lower conveyer belt (16) Including support brick finger (9) and the power unit for driving support brick finger (9) to move, power unit passes through transmission mechanism and drives support brick Finger moves (9) movement, to realize the lifting of ceramic tile.
2. the integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the upper conveyor belt (17) The top of upper beam (24) is mounted on by mounting rack (20), lower conveyer belt (16) is mounted on lower beam by mounting rack (20) (27) lower section.
3. the integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the upper beam (24) and Guide rail is equipped on lower beam (27), mounting rack (20) is equipped with the sliding slot matched with guide rail.
4. the integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the upper regulating mechanism packet It includes adjusting screw (21), upper adjusting screw (21) both ends are rotatably installed in sorting rack (15), upper adjusting screw (21) Two sides are respectively equipped with oppositely oriented screw thread, are equipped with and upper adjusting screw on the upper conveyor belt (17) of upper beam (24) two sides (21) nut matched;
Lower regulating mechanism includes lower adjusting screw (26), and lower adjusting screw (26) both ends are rotatably installed in sorting rack (15) On, lower adjusting screw (26) two sides are respectively equipped with oppositely oriented screw thread, in the lower conveyer belt (16) of lower beam (27) two sides Equipped with the nut matched with lower adjusting screw (26).
5. the integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the vertical synchronization mechanism Including vertical transmission shaft (23), the both ends of vertical transmission shaft (23) are rotatably installed in sorting rack (15), vertical transmission shaft (23) both ends are connected with upper regulating mechanism and lower regulating mechanism respectively, are adjusted in synchronism regulating mechanism and lower regulating mechanism.
6. the integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the upper regulating mechanism and Lower regulating mechanism be provided with along the length direction of sorting rack (15) it is multiple, per between regulating mechanism on adjacent two and every Horizontal synchronization mechanism is equipped between two adjacent lower regulating mechanisms.
7. the integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the horizontal synchronization mechanism Including horizontal drive shaft (25), the both ends of horizontal drive shaft (25) are rotatably installed in sorting rack (15), horizontal drive shaft (25) both ends are connected with adjacent two upper regulating mechanisms respectively, or are connected respectively with two lower regulating mechanisms.
8. the integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the upper regulating mechanism and Lower regulating mechanism corresponds.
9. the integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the upper beam (24) Both ends are slidably fitted with upper conveyor belt mounting rail, and upper conveyor belt (17) is mounted on upper conveyor belt mounting rail;Lower beam (27) Both ends are slidably fitted with lower conveyer belt mounting rail, and lower conveyer belt (16) is mounted on lower conveyer belt mounting rail.
10. the integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the upper conveyor belt (17) ceramic tile is clamped by the two sides of ceramic tile.
CN201611016328.8A 2016-11-18 2016-11-18 A kind of integrated sorting equipment of size adjustable Active CN106516575B (en)

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CN108001963A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-05-08 龙游海普自动化设备有限公司 A kind of more specification handle transfer mechanisms of lettering
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