CN106358752A - Small-scale edible fungus planting device and planting method - Google Patents

Small-scale edible fungus planting device and planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106358752A
CN106358752A CN201610726041.8A CN201610726041A CN106358752A CN 106358752 A CN106358752 A CN 106358752A CN 201610726041 A CN201610726041 A CN 201610726041A CN 106358752 A CN106358752 A CN 106358752A
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China
Prior art keywords
planting
raw
casing
glass plate
small
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CN201610726041.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
魏冬坤
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Agricultural Co Ltd Qujing Jia Shun
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Agricultural Co Ltd Qujing Jia Shun
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Priority to CN201610726041.8A priority Critical patent/CN106358752A/en
Publication of CN106358752A publication Critical patent/CN106358752A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a small-scale edible fungus planting device and a planting method in the technical field of edible fungus planting. The planting device comprises a box body, wherein a cabinet door is arranged at the bottom of the left side of the box body; a glass plate is arranged at the top of the box body, a transparent thermal insulation coating is arranged on the surface of the glass plate; an electric roller and a hanging seat are arranged on the left side and the right side of the top of the glass plate respectively, a hook is arranged on the bottom of the left side of an edible fungus planting frame and facilitates the edible fungus planting frame to be moved outside the box body manually by workers or by a tractor, so that the working efficiency is increased; horizontal division plates are anti-rust grid plates, so that the plates are prevented from rusting when the humidity is high, and meanwhile light transmission and air circulation are facilitated; meanwhile three sets of cultivation devices are arranged on the left side, the center and the right side of the three sets of horizontal division plates respectively, and the cultivation devices are not on the same vertical straight line, so that the illumination can be fully accepted.

Description

A kind of small-scale edible bacterium planting apparatus and implantation methods
Technical field
The present invention relates to planting edible mushroom technical field, specially a kind of small-scale edible bacterium planting apparatus and plantation side Method.
Background technology
The pollution-free food that edible fungi enriches as a kind of nutrient substance, in good taste, increasingly liked by people.But It is that typically based on wild collection, less by planting the edible fungi planted room, reason is edible fungi growth to edible fungi Environment is harsher it is desirable to temperature and humidity reaches suitable environment, edible fungi ability raised growth, and this gives the batch of edible fungi Breeding, cultivation bring technical barrier.In prior art, there is also the breeding apparatus of plantation edible fungi, but these devices Often huger, it is unfavorable on a small scale or family workshop is cultivated, for example Chinese Patent Application No. carries for 201420580283.7 The edible fungi going out plants room on a small scale, and particular content is that its structure includes the plantation room body with indoor chamber, plantation room body Have room door, described plantation room body interior bottom surface covers and is provided with insulation base plate, plantation room body interior side covers and sets There is insulation side panel, plantation room body interior top surface covers and is provided with insulation top panel, described insulation top panel On be provided with several hot wind inlet in indoor chamber and several cold wind imports, described insulation side panel is provided with humidification Device and exhaust blower.Described plantation room body interior is provided with planting edible mushroom frame in chamber, and planting edible mushroom frame passes through several levels If fragmenting plate is divided into dried layer planting edible mushroom layer, every layer of strain is planted and is placed with several cultivation dresses on layer although structure is simple, Easy to use, but the illumination factor during edible fungi growth is not controlled, the growth of light note impact mushroom, Range is narrow, for this reason, I proposes a kind of small-scale edible bacterium planting apparatus.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of small-scale edible bacterium planting apparatus and implantation methods, to solve above-mentioned background The illumination factor proposing in technology affects the problem of fungus grown.
For achieving the above object, the present invention provides a kind of following technical scheme: small-scale edible bacterium planting apparatus, including case Body, the left bottom of described casing is provided with cabinet door, and the top of described casing is provided with glass plate, and the surface of described glass plate is provided with Bright thermal insulation coat, described glass plate top left side and right side are respectively equipped with motorized pulleys and flap seat, and described motorized pulleys are left Side bottom is provided with abat vent, is connected with flap seat by drag hook on the right side of described abat vent, and described glass plate bottom is from left to right successively It is provided with air-cooler, full spectrum LED lamp and hot-air blower, described cabinet wall right hand top and bottom are respectively equipped with humidifier and air draft Machine, on the right side of described casing, central position is provided with supporting table, and the top left side of described supporting table is provided with controller, described supporting table Top right side is connected with solar panels by expansion link, and described cabinets cavity bottom is provided with planting edible mushroom frame, described edible fungi Plantation frame inner chamber is provided with three groups of identical horizontal segmentation plates, and described in three groups, the top of horizontal segmentation plate is equipped with culture apparatus, institute The left side top stating planting edible mushroom frame is provided with temperature sensor, described controller respectively with temperature sensor, air-cooler, Quan Guang Spectrum LED lamp, hot-air blower, humidifier and exhaust blower are electrically connected with.
Preferably, implantation methods are as follows:
S1, will add water after the culture medium raw material chopping of planting edible mushroom through mixing, raw aqueous rate is 52%- 55%;
S2, raw material is carried out fermentation and sterilization process: allow raw material deposit 2-4 days under 70 degree of high temperature;Raw material is placed In gas-tight silo, it is passed through ozone 45min, be finally passed through steam 20min again;
S3, strain is added in raw material and carries out breeding, the liquid containing strain is instilled in raw material, temperature control is in 20- Between 30 DEG C, every two days stirrings three times;
S4, after mycelium is grown up, pack is put in planting unit, cultivates up to fruiting.
Preferably, the left bottom of described planting edible mushroom frame is provided with suspension hook.
Preferably, described horizontal segmentation plate is antirust waffle slab.
Preferably, culture apparatus described in three groups are respectively provided at left side, middle position and the right side in three groups of horizontal segmentation top of the plate portions Side.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: cabinets cavity can be allowed to receive illumination by glass plate, , under certain illumination, the mycelia of bacterium colony is more sturdy and intensive for some edible fungi, increases yield, but high light meeting transpiring moisture, Impact humidity, can prevent strong illumination by abat vent, and then improve the humidity in casing, applied by transparent heat-insulated insulation Layer, can be played the effect of heat-insulation and heat-preservation simultaneously again, prevent the drastically change of case body temperature, full spectrum LED lamp with printing opacity Edible fungi illumination can be supplied at night, be easy to improve yield and shorten trophophase, solar panels accept illumination on daytime and produce Raw electric energy, uses to full spectrum LED lamp, energy-conserving and environment-protective, and the left bottom of planting edible mushroom frame is provided with suspension hook and is easy to workman by hand Or using tractor, planting edible mushroom frame is removed casing, increased work efficiency, horizontal segmentation plate is antirust waffle slab, prevents When humidity is larger, sheet material gets rusty, and simultaneously facilitates printing opacity and air circulation, and culture apparatus described in three groups are respectively provided at three groups of levels The left side at fragmenting plate top, middle position and right side, culture apparatus on same bar vertical curve, are not conducive to fully accepting illumination.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is present configuration schematic diagram.
In figure: 1 casing, 2 cabinet doors, 3 glass plates, 4 transparent heat-insulated heat insulation coatings, 5 air-coolers, 6 full spectrum LED lamps, 7 hot blasts Machine, 8 motorized pulleys, 9 abat vents, 10 flap seats, 11 humidifiers, 12 solar panels, 13 supporting tables, 14 controllers, 15 edible bacteriums Plant frame, 16 temperature sensors, 17 culture apparatus, 18 suspension hooks, 19 exhaust blowers, 20 horizontal segmentation plates.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation description is it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of not making creative work Embodiment, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer to Fig. 1, the present invention provides a kind of a kind of technical scheme: small-scale edible bacterium planting apparatus, including casing 1, The left bottom of described casing 1 is provided with cabinet door 2, and the top of described casing 1 is provided with glass plate 3, and the surface of described glass plate 3 is provided with Transparent heat-insulated heat insulation coating 4, described glass plate 3 top left side and right side are respectively equipped with motorized pulleys 8 and flap seat 10, described electronic Cylinder 8 left bottom is provided with abat vent 9, and described abat vent 9 right side is connected with flap seat 10, described glass plate 3 bottom by drag hook From left to right it is sequentially provided with air-cooler 5, full spectrum LED lamp 6 and hot-air blower 7, described casing 1 inwall right hand top and bottom are respectively It is provided with humidifier 11 and exhaust blower 19, described casing 1 right side central position is provided with supporting table 13, the top of described supporting table 13 Left side is provided with controller 14, and described supporting table 13 top right side is connected with solar panels 12, described casing 1 inner chamber by expansion link Bottom is provided with planting edible mushroom frame 15, and described planting edible mushroom frame 15 inner chamber is provided with three groups of identical horizontal segmentation plates 20, three groups The top of described horizontal segmentation plate 20 is equipped with culture apparatus 17, and the left side top of described planting edible mushroom frame 15 is provided with temperature and passes Sensor 16, described controller 14 respectively with temperature sensor 16, air-cooler 5, full spectrum LED lamp 6, hot-air blower 7, humidifier 11 and Exhaust blower 19 is electrically connected with.
Wherein, the left bottom of described planting edible mushroom frame 15 is provided with suspension hook 18, is easy to remove planting edible mushroom frame 15, Described horizontal segmentation plate 20 is antirust waffle slab, and printing opacity simultaneously is conducive to strengthening air circulation, and culture apparatus 17 described in three groups are respectively It is located at left side, middle position and the right side at three groups of horizontal segmentation plate 20 tops, make three groups of culture apparatus 17 can accept illumination.
Operation principle: glass plate 3 can allow casing 1 inner chamber receive illumination, some edible fungi under certain illumination, bacterium colony Mycelia more sturdy and intensive, increase yield, but high light can transpiring moisture, affect humidity, can be prevented by abat vent 9 Strong illumination, and then improve the humidity in casing 1, by transparent heat-insulated heat insulation coating 4, can with printing opacity can play simultaneously again every The effect of heat insulation, prevents the drastically change of temperature in casing 1, full spectrum LED lamp 6 can be supplied to edible fungi light at night According to being easy to improve yield and shorten trophophase, solar panels 12 accept illumination on daytime and produce electric energy, make to full spectrum LED lamp 6 With, energy-conserving and environment-protective, the left bottom of planting edible mushroom frame 15 is provided with suspension hook 18 and is easy to workman by hand or will be eaten using tractor Bacterium plantation frame 15 removes casing, increased work efficiency, and horizontal segmentation plate 20 is antirust waffle slab, prevents the plate when humidity is larger Material gets rusty, and simultaneously facilitates printing opacity and air circulation, and culture apparatus 17 described in three groups are respectively provided at three groups of horizontal segmentation plate 20 tops Left side, middle position and right side, culture apparatus 17, not on same bar vertical curve, are conducive to fully accepting illumination, hot-air blower 7 He Air-cooler 5 can improve the temperature in casing 1, and humidifier 11 can change the humidity in casing 1, and exhaust blower 19 can accelerate case Air and extraneous circulation in body 1.
S1, will add water after the culture medium raw material chopping of planting edible mushroom through mixing, raw aqueous rate is 52%- 55%;
S2, raw material is carried out fermentation and sterilization process: allow raw material deposit 2-4 days under 70 degree of high temperature;This sterilizing methods is similar to In pasteurization, it is suitable for needs and keeps material composition, and the less demanding situation that sterilizes
Raw material is carried out being placed in gas-tight silo, is passed through ozone 45min, be finally passed through steam 20min again;
S3, strain is added in raw material and carries out breeding, the liquid containing strain is instilled in raw material, temperature control is in 20- Between 30 DEG C, every two days stirrings three times;
S4, after mycelium is grown up, pack is put in planting unit, cultivates up to fruiting.
In step s2, can also be sterilized with batch (-type), the method being sterilized, example be processed by alternate high/low temperature As adjustment processes temperature in storehouse and is 100 DEG C and keeps 6 hours, then reduces temperature and to 37 DEG C and keeps 24 hours, then rises high temperature Spend and keep 4 hours to 100 DEG C, reduce temperature afterwards again and keep 24 hours to 37 DEG C, be warming up to 100 DEG C again and keep 4 hours i.e. Complete to sterilize.The method passes through continuous change temperature, so that the spore in raw material is sprouted at low temperature, and is killed at high temperature Go out, therefore, sterilization effect is very good, and sterilising temp is not high, material nutrient component keeps preferably.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, permissible Understand and can carry out multiple changes, modification, replacement to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention And modification, the scope of the present invention be defined by the appended.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of small-scale edible bacterium planting apparatus, including casing (1) it is characterised in that: the left bottom of described casing (1) sets There is cabinet door (2), the top of described casing (1) is provided with glass plate (3), and the surface of described glass plate (3) is provided with transparent heat-insulated insulation Coating (4), described glass plate (3) top left side and right side are respectively equipped with motorized pulleys (8) and flap seat (10), described motorized pulleys (8) left bottom is provided with abat vent (9), is connected with flap seat (10), described glass plate by drag hook on the right side of described abat vent (9) (3) bottom is from left to right sequentially provided with air-cooler (5), full spectrum LED lamp (6) and hot-air blower (7), and described casing (1) inwall is right Side roof part and bottom are respectively equipped with humidifier (11) and exhaust blower (19), and on the right side of described casing (1), central position is provided with support Platform (13), the top left side of described supporting table (13) is provided with controller (14), and described supporting table (13) top right side is passed through flexible Bar is connected with solar panels (12), and described casing (1) intracavity bottom is provided with planting edible mushroom frame (15), described planting edible mushroom frame (15) inner chamber is provided with three groups of identicals horizontal segmentation plate (20), and the top of horizontal segmentation plate (20) described in three groups is equipped with cultivation dress Put (17), the left side top of described planting edible mushroom frame (15) is provided with temperature sensor (16), described controller (14) respectively with Temperature sensor (16), air-cooler (5), full spectrum LED lamp (6), hot-air blower (7), humidifier (11) and exhaust blower (19) are electrically Connect.
2. a kind of planting edible mushroom method, is characterized in that: step is as follows:
S1, will add water after the culture medium raw material chopping of planting edible mushroom through mixing, raw aqueous rate is 52%- 55%;
S2, raw material is carried out fermentation and sterilization process: allow raw material deposit 2-4 days under 70 degree of high temperature;
Raw material is carried out being placed in gas-tight silo, is passed through ozone 45min, be finally passed through steam 20min again;
S3, strain is added in raw material and carries out breeding, the liquid containing strain is instilled in raw material, temperature control is at 20-30 DEG C Between, every two days stirrings three times;
S4, after mycelium is grown up, pack is put in planting unit, cultivates up to fruiting.
3. a kind of small-scale edible bacterium planting apparatus according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described planting edible mushroom frame (15) left bottom is provided with suspension hook (18).
4. a kind of small-scale edible bacterium planting apparatus according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described horizontal segmentation plate (20) it is antirust waffle slab.
5. a kind of small-scale edible bacterium planting apparatus according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: culture apparatus described in three groups (17) it is respectively provided at left side, middle position and the right side at three groups of horizontal segmentation plate (20) tops.
CN201610726041.8A 2016-08-25 2016-08-25 Small-scale edible fungus planting device and planting method Pending CN106358752A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107926491A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-04-20 容县明曦铁皮石斛种植场 A kind of edible mushroom incubator
CN108432555A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-08-24 淮南市绿威食用菌种植专业合作社 A kind of white fungus edible fungus culturing process units
CN108651173A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-10-16 郑煜杰 A kind of culture apparatus of agricultural mushroom planting fungi
CN108849271A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-11-23 河北中沃农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of layer-stepping agricultural greenhouse planting fungi frame
CN109258311A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-01-25 衡东兆丰农业发展有限公司 A kind of efficient agaric pregermination device of vernalization
CN109511472A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-03-26 霍山县权秀生态农业专业合作社 It is a kind of three-dimensional without native cultivation of glossy ganoderma frame
CN110999669A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-04-14 北京工业大学 Planting frame tractor

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CN2441295Y (en) * 2000-08-25 2001-08-08 林峙宏 Fully automatic mushroom cultivator
CN201479679U (en) * 2009-04-29 2010-05-26 上海市农业科学院 Multifunctional climate incubator
CN201595031U (en) * 2010-01-16 2010-10-06 张可池 Energy-saving fungus culturing room
CN203015495U (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-06-26 东北林业大学 Multifunctional small cultivating device for controllable edible fungus
CN103598017A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-02-26 黄秀英 Method for cultivating pleurotus eryngii by directly mixing liquid strains with raw material
CN204119891U (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-01-28 四川省华茂圆现代农业科技有限公司 Edible mushroom plants room on a small scale
CN205357237U (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-07-06 山东福友菌业有限公司 Edible fungus production uses high -efficient sterilizer

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2441295Y (en) * 2000-08-25 2001-08-08 林峙宏 Fully automatic mushroom cultivator
CN201479679U (en) * 2009-04-29 2010-05-26 上海市农业科学院 Multifunctional climate incubator
CN201595031U (en) * 2010-01-16 2010-10-06 张可池 Energy-saving fungus culturing room
CN203015495U (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-06-26 东北林业大学 Multifunctional small cultivating device for controllable edible fungus
CN103598017A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-02-26 黄秀英 Method for cultivating pleurotus eryngii by directly mixing liquid strains with raw material
CN204119891U (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-01-28 四川省华茂圆现代农业科技有限公司 Edible mushroom plants room on a small scale
CN205357237U (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-07-06 山东福友菌业有限公司 Edible fungus production uses high -efficient sterilizer

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107926491A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-04-20 容县明曦铁皮石斛种植场 A kind of edible mushroom incubator
CN108432555A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-08-24 淮南市绿威食用菌种植专业合作社 A kind of white fungus edible fungus culturing process units
CN108651173A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-10-16 郑煜杰 A kind of culture apparatus of agricultural mushroom planting fungi
CN108849271A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-11-23 河北中沃农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of layer-stepping agricultural greenhouse planting fungi frame
CN109258311A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-01-25 衡东兆丰农业发展有限公司 A kind of efficient agaric pregermination device of vernalization
CN109511472A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-03-26 霍山县权秀生态农业专业合作社 It is a kind of three-dimensional without native cultivation of glossy ganoderma frame
CN110999669A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-04-14 北京工业大学 Planting frame tractor

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