CN106171634A - A kind of coconut palm bran paper sludge substrate being applicable to tomato planting and collocation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of coconut palm bran paper sludge substrate being applicable to tomato planting and collocation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106171634A
CN106171634A CN201610555416.9A CN201610555416A CN106171634A CN 106171634 A CN106171634 A CN 106171634A CN 201610555416 A CN201610555416 A CN 201610555416A CN 106171634 A CN106171634 A CN 106171634A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
paper sludge
coconut palm
proportioning
palm bran
raw material
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610555416.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王闯
徐宁
刘敏
刘国娟
高朋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Liaocheng Vocational and Technical College
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Liaocheng Vocational and Technical College
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Liaocheng Vocational and Technical College filed Critical Liaocheng Vocational and Technical College
Priority to CN201610555416.9A priority Critical patent/CN106171634A/en
Publication of CN106171634A publication Critical patent/CN106171634A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of coconut palm bran paper sludge substrate being applicable to tomato planting, belong to tomato planting technical field, this substrate is made up of raw material and additive, and described raw material is grouped into by the one-tenth of volumes below percentage ratio: paper sludge 28~38%, Vermiculitum 28~36%, river sand 7~8%, coconut palm bran 26~40%;Described 1m3Raw material in add additivated kind and proportioning is: microbial fermentation inoculum 1.5kg, fertilizer 0.8kg, 500 times of 75% Bravo wettable powder 15g.Its collocation method is is 50 according to proportioning by humidity~the paper sludge of 60% and the pre-heap of coconut palm bran add above-mentioned additive, lid upper greenhouse by proportioning after rotten 5~7 days, and turning is once weekly, continues 5~7 weeks, then is sufficiently mixed uniformly by proportioning and Vermiculitum, river sand.Substrate of the present invention is conducive to making that tomato growth is consistent, robust plant, leaf color is vivid, sprout term disease is few, overall character is excellent, yield rate is high;Owing to paper sludge source resource is extensive, cost is relatively low, is avoided that the pollution of paper sludge processing procedure simultaneously, has more the feature of environmental protection.

Description

A kind of coconut palm bran paper sludge substrate being applicable to tomato planting and collocation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to tomato planting technical field, be specifically related to a kind of coconut palm bran paper sludge substrate being applicable to tomato planting and Its collocation method.
Background technology
Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, has another name called Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, is that one of the most universal fruit and vegetable are cultivated in the whole world, and Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is in planting process, generally The mode of culturing and transplanting seedlings, research is used to show the growth promoter situation of different seedling medium appreciable impact tomato seedling, educating During Seedling, main use fertilizer and mellow soil mixture to make substrate, frequently result in problem in following seedling stage: one is Seedling easily occur The generation of phase disease, particularly damping off is the most severe;Two is that the emergence rate of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is low, it is irregular to emerge, root system is weak.How to sieve Suitable preparation of raw material seedling medium is selected to become current problem demanding prompt solution.
Paper sludge is the end product that paper-making process waste water processes, and often produces 1t recycled writing paper, will produce more than 1200kg's Paper sludge.These waste sludge from paper mill and mud, due to water content height (more than 60%), in mud state, complicated component, process and utilize difficulty Degree is big.China is a large agricultural country, and fertilizer production there is also certain breach, and due to the overfarming of soil, causes soil Earth fertility and the content of organic matter constantly decline, and fertilizer demand will be growing.The main component of paper sludge is natural organic Matter short fiber of plant precipitate, can use with the metabolism of aerobic microorganism, is that the Organic substance in paper sludge changes into Rich in the humus of plant nutrient, the amount of heat of generation makes material maintain continuous high temperature, to reduce the moisture content of material, changes Its character kind becomes material loose, scattered, and effectively removes pathogen, parasitic ovum and the weed seed in paper sludge, with Time paper sludge biomass content enrich, rich in organic (content 40%-50%), nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, containing cellulose, hemicellulose With the macromolecule organic such as lignin, can be effectively used for improving the problem of the sprout term disease occurred in tomato cultivation, give up with time-varying The processing cost of paper sludge is eliminated for treasured.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of that be applicable to tomato planting, can effectively prevent and treat tomato cultivation mistake The coconut palm bran paper sludge substrate of the sprout term disease easily occurred in journey and collocation method thereof, can reduce the processing cost of paper sludge, more simultaneously Environmental protection.
For solving the problems referred to above, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that
In the present invention, a kind of coconut palm bran paper sludge substrate being applicable to tomato planting, is made up of raw material and additive, described raw material It is grouped into by the one-tenth of volumes below percentage ratio: paper sludge 28~38%, Vermiculitum 28~36%, river sand 7~8%, coconut palm bran 26~40%; Described 1m3Raw material in add additivated kind and proportioning is: microbial fermentation inoculum 1.5kg, fertilizer 0.8kg, 500 times 75% Bravo wettable powder 15g.
Preferably, described fertilizer is containing pig manure, cattle manure, the mixture of chicken manure.
Preferably, described microbial fermentation inoculum is the mixed microorganism including lactic acid bacteria, bacillus cereus, yeast Flora.
The collocation method of above-mentioned a kind of coconut palm bran paper sludge substrate being applicable to tomato planting in the present invention, it is characterised in that press It is 50 according to proportioning by humidity~the paper sludge of 60% and the pre-heap of coconut palm bran add above-mentioned additive by proportioning after rotten 5~7 days, covers canopy Film, turning is once weekly, continues 5~7 weeks, then is sufficiently mixed uniformly by proportioning and Vermiculitum, river sand.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention is: the present invention has carried out fermentation maturity to paper sludge and coconut palm bran After process, mix homogeneously with river sand and Vermiculitum and form base starting material, before fermentation, add fertilizer to provide sufficient nitrogen source, it is to avoid The activity of restriction microbial bacterial agent;Coconut palm bran and paper sludge are respectively provided with the mineral element of abundance, are available for Fructus Lycopersici esculenti and slowly absorb in seedling stage, Paper sludge and coconut palm bran have stronger resiliency, water-retaining property and breathability simultaneously, can fully keep moisture and nutrient, reduce moisture And the loss of nutrient, beneficially root system of plant preferably absorb nutrient and moisture in growth course;Its breathability can prevent from planting The root system corrosion of thing, promotes plant root growth, can be with soil protection, it is to avoid cause sliming;Coconut palm bran has slowly simultaneously Natural decomposition rate, it is also possible to extend the validity period of substrate.The tomato growth using substrate of the present invention is consistent, robust plant, leaf color Vivid, sprout term disease is few, overall character is excellent, yield rate is high, owing to paper sludge source resource is extensive, processing is drawn materials easily, and cost is relatively Low, it is avoided that the pollution of paper sludge processing procedure simultaneously, has more the feature of environmental protection.
Detailed description of the invention
For the technological means making the present invention realize, creation characteristic, reach purpose and be easy to understand with effect, below in conjunction with Detailed description of the invention, is expanded on further the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of coconut palm bran paper sludge matrix formulations being applicable to tomato planting, is made up of raw material and additive, described raw material by with The one-tenth of lower volume percentage ratio is grouped into: paper sludge 32%, Vermiculitum 30%, river sand 7%, coconut palm bran 31%;Described 1m3Raw material in add The kind of additive and proportioning be: (lactic acid bacteria, bacillus cereus, yeast are interior mixed microorganism bacterium for microbial fermentation inoculum Group) 1.5kg, fertilizer (containing pig manure, cattle manure, chicken manure) 0.8kg, 500 times of 75% Bravo wettable powder 15g.This substrate Collocation method is, according to proportioning, by proportioning, paper sludge that humidity is 55% and the pre-heap of coconut palm bran are added above-mentioned additive, lid after rotten 6 days Upper greenhouse, turning is once weekly, continues 6 weeks, then is sufficiently mixed uniformly by proportioning and Vermiculitum, river sand.
Embodiment 2
A kind of coconut palm bran paper sludge matrix formulations being applicable to tomato planting, is made up of raw material and additive, described raw material by with The one-tenth of lower volume percentage ratio is grouped into: paper sludge 28%, Vermiculitum 28%, river sand 8%, coconut palm bran 36%;Described 1m3Raw material in add The kind of additive and proportioning be: (lactic acid bacteria, bacillus cereus, yeast are interior mixed microorganism bacterium for microbial fermentation inoculum Group) 1.5kg, fertilizer (containing pig manure, cattle manure, chicken manure) 0.8kg, 500 times of 75% Bravo wettable powder 15g.This substrate Collocation method is, according to proportioning, by proportioning, paper sludge that humidity is 50% and the pre-heap of coconut palm bran are added above-mentioned additive, lid after rotten 5 days Upper greenhouse, turning is once weekly, continues 5 weeks, then is sufficiently mixed uniformly by proportioning and Vermiculitum, river sand.
Embodiment 3
A kind of coconut palm bran paper sludge matrix formulations being applicable to tomato planting, is made up of raw material and additive, described raw material by with The one-tenth of lower volume percentage ratio is grouped into: paper sludge 38%, Vermiculitum 28%, river sand 7%, coconut palm bran 27%;Described 1m3Raw material in add The kind of additive and proportioning be: (lactic acid bacteria, bacillus cereus, yeast are interior mixed microorganism bacterium for microbial fermentation inoculum Group) 1.5kg, fertilizer (containing pig manure, cattle manure, chicken manure) 0.8kg, 500 times of 75% Bravo wettable powder 15g.This substrate Collocation method is, according to proportioning, by proportioning, paper sludge that humidity is 50% and the pre-heap of coconut palm bran are added above-mentioned additive, lid after rotten 7 days Upper greenhouse, turning is once weekly, continues 7 weeks, then is sufficiently mixed uniformly by proportioning and Vermiculitum, river sand.
Embodiment 4
A kind of coconut palm bran paper sludge matrix formulations being applicable to tomato planting, is made up of raw material and additive, described raw material by with The one-tenth of lower volume percentage ratio is grouped into: paper sludge 28%, Vermiculitum 28%, river sand 7%, coconut palm bran 37%;Described 1m3Raw material in add The kind of additive and proportioning be: (lactic acid bacteria, bacillus cereus, yeast are interior mixed microorganism bacterium for microbial fermentation inoculum Group) 1.5kg, fertilizer (containing pig manure, cattle manure, chicken manure) 0.8kg, 500 times of 75% Bravo wettable powder 15g.This substrate Collocation method is, according to proportioning, by proportioning, paper sludge that humidity is 60% and the pre-heap of coconut palm bran are added above-mentioned additive, lid after rotten 7 days Upper greenhouse, turning is once weekly, continues 7 weeks, then is sufficiently mixed uniformly by proportioning and Vermiculitum, river sand.
Based on above-mentioned, paper sludge of the present invention and coconut palm bran have carried out after fermentation maturity processes, mixing homogeneously shape with river sand and Vermiculitum Become base starting material, before fermentation, add fertilizer to provide sufficient nitrogen source, it is to avoid the activity of restriction microbial bacterial agent;Coconut palm bran and paper Mud is respectively provided with the mineral element of abundance, is available for Fructus Lycopersici esculenti and slowly absorbs in seedling stage, and paper sludge and coconut palm bran have stronger buffering simultaneously Property, water-retaining property and breathability, can fully keep moisture and nutrient, reduce moisture and the loss of nutrient, beneficially root system of plant Nutrient and moisture is preferably absorbed in growth course;Its breathability can prevent the root system of plant from corroding, and promotes that root system of plant is raw Long, can be with soil protection, it is to avoid cause sliming;Coconut palm bran can effectively extend the validity period of substrate simultaneously.This substrate can make kind Eggplant seedling sudden fall ill incidence rate controls within 5%, and bud gesture, bud rate reach more than 90%, and Tomato Root System increment increases by 30% Above.
Skilled person will appreciate that of the industry, the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments, above-described embodiment and explanation The principle that the present invention is simply described described in book, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention also has Various changes and modifications, these changes and improvements both fall within scope of the claimed invention.Claimed scope Defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (4)

1. it is applicable to a coconut palm bran paper sludge substrate for tomato planting, is made up of raw material and additive, it is characterised in that described raw material It is grouped into by the one-tenth of volumes below percentage ratio: paper sludge 28~38%, Vermiculitum 28~36%, river sand 7~8%, coconut palm bran 26~40%; Described 1m3Raw material in add additivated kind and proportioning is: microbial fermentation inoculum 1.5kg, fertilizer 0.8kg, 500 times 75% Bravo wettable powder 15g.
A kind of coconut palm bran paper sludge substrate being applicable to tomato planting the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described organic Fertilizer is containing pig manure, cattle manure, the mixture of chicken manure.
A kind of coconut palm bran paper sludge substrate being applicable to tomato planting the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described micro-life Thing fermenting agent is the mixed microorganism flora including lactic acid bacteria, bacillus cereus, yeast.
A kind of collocation method of the coconut palm bran paper sludge substrate being applicable to tomato planting, it is characterised in that It is 50 according to proportioning by humidity~the paper sludge of 60% and the pre-heap of coconut palm bran add above-mentioned additive by proportioning after rotten 5~7 days, covers canopy Film, turning is once weekly, continues 5~7 weeks, then is sufficiently mixed uniformly by proportioning and Vermiculitum, river sand.
CN201610555416.9A 2016-07-14 2016-07-14 A kind of coconut palm bran paper sludge substrate being applicable to tomato planting and collocation method thereof Pending CN106171634A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106718011A (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-05-31 朱郎平 A kind of tomato cultivation matrix

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103342596A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-10-09 广东大众农业科技股份有限公司 Tomato seedling medium and preparation method thereof
CN105669303A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-06-15 周渤海 Matrix formula suitable for family organic vegetable planting and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103342596A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-10-09 广东大众农业科技股份有限公司 Tomato seedling medium and preparation method thereof
CN105669303A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-06-15 周渤海 Matrix formula suitable for family organic vegetable planting and preparation method thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106718011A (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-05-31 朱郎平 A kind of tomato cultivation matrix

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Application publication date: 20161207

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