CN106150525A - A kind of rock anchorage beam construction trolley and construction method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of rock anchorage beam construction trolley and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106150525A
CN106150525A CN201610787995.XA CN201610787995A CN106150525A CN 106150525 A CN106150525 A CN 106150525A CN 201610787995 A CN201610787995 A CN 201610787995A CN 106150525 A CN106150525 A CN 106150525A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
skeleton
traversing
anchorage beam
rock anchorage
form element
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Pending
Application number
CN201610787995.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王祥军
龚俊
曾勇
程勇
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Hunan Wuxin Tunnel Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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Hunan Wuxin Tunnel Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Hunan Wuxin Tunnel Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Hunan Wuxin Tunnel Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610787995.XA priority Critical patent/CN106150525A/en
Publication of CN106150525A publication Critical patent/CN106150525A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/14Lining predominantly with metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D23/00Mine roof supports for step- by- step movement, e.g. in combination with provisions for shifting of conveyors, mining machines, or guides therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D23/00Mine roof supports for step- by- step movement, e.g. in combination with provisions for shifting of conveyors, mining machines, or guides therefor
    • E21D23/16Hydraulic or pneumatic features, e.g. circuits, arrangement or adaptation of valves, setting or retracting devices

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of rock anchorage beam construction trolley, and the template part including skeleton part, being arranged on by coupling part in skeleton part and walking mechanism, skeleton part is the frame steel structure being formed by connecting by crossbeam, column and longeron;Template part includes that form element, form element include the multiple single mode plates arranged along rock anchorage beam length direction, and coupling part includes the many groups of connection single-pieces that connector, connector include setting gradually, and connects single-piece and includes traversing parts and jacking parts.Applying rock anchorage beam construction trolley of the present invention, effect is: overall structure is simplified;Pass through modularized design, it is simple to installation and removal;Simplify work progress and shorten its construction period;The quantity connecting single-piece in template part in the quantity of form element and connector selects all in accordance with practical situation, it is achieved unilateral or both sides rock anchorage beam construction, practical.The present invention also provides for the construction method of a kind of above-mentioned rock anchorage beam construction trolley, and work progress is simplified, short construction period.

Description

A kind of rock anchorage beam construction trolley and construction method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to rock anchorage beam technical field of construction, especially, relate to a kind of rock anchorage beam construction trolley and construction party thereof Method.
Background technology
Rock anchorage beam is the abbreviation of Rock Crane Rail Support, utilizes the long anchor pole of slip casting of certain depth by reinforced concrete beam firmly Be anchored on rock, the load that it bears is passed on rock mass by long anchor pole and rock wall frictional force.
In prior art, the construction method of rock anchorage beam is: scaffold base mat slag is levelling and compacting → scaffold building → top Torr installation → bed die installation → bed die correction → bar built-in fitting and prototype observation instrument examination → side form installation → template are checked → template and position in storehouse examination → concreting → concrete curing.Refer to the patent of invention of Application No. 20151008233.3 Disclosure of that.
There is following defect in prior art construction rock anchorage beam: construction process is complicated, long construction period, and cost is high.
Therefore, design a kind of structure to simplify, be easy to the device of construction to be greatly simplified work progress and the shortening of rock anchorage beam Construction period is significant.
Summary of the invention
Present invention aim at providing a kind of structure to simplify, convenient to operate and work progress and the shortening of rock anchorage beam can be simplified The rock anchorage beam construction trolley of construction period, concrete technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of rock anchorage beam construction trolley, including skeleton part, is movably arranged in described skeleton part by coupling part Template part and many groups be arranged on described skeleton section bottom and for moving the walking mechanism of whole chassis;
Described skeleton part is the frame steel structure being formed by connecting by many crossbeams, many root posts and Duo Gen longeron;
Described template part includes that form element, described form element include setting gradually many along rock anchorage beam length direction Individual single mode plate, the shape of described single mode plate is identical with the profile of the rock anchorage beam at required lining cutting position;
Described coupling part includes that connector, described connector include the many groups of companies set gradually along rock anchorage beam length direction Order part, described connection single-piece includes that traversing parts and jacking parts, described traversing parts include being horizontally set on described bone Traversing extensible canopy, the end of the described traversing extensible canopy of one end connection and the other end in frame part are fixed in described skeleton part Traversing oil cylinder and for described traversing extensible canopy being carried out spacing position-limit mechanism, one end of described traversing extensible canopy and institute Stating traversing oil cylinder to connect, its other end is connected with the top of described form element by described jacking parts.
In above technical scheme preferably, the quantity of described form element is two groups, and described in two groups, form element symmetry sets Put the both sides in described skeleton part;
The quantity of described connector is two groups, and connecting-piece structure described in two groups is identical, and described in one group, the two ends of connector are divided Not connecting form element described in a group and described skeleton part, it is described that another two ends organizing described connector connect another group respectively Form element and described skeleton part.
In above technical scheme preferably, described jacking parts include standing upside down the bracing frame of the U-shape structure arranged and setting Putting internal at support frame as described above and carry out the jacking cylinder stretched along the vertical direction, one end of described traversing extensible canopy runs through described The lower end of bracing frame is arranged, and the lower end of support frame as described above is connected by bearing pin with the top of described form element;Described top The upper end of oil-lifting jar is arranged on support frame as described above, and its lower end is arranged on described traversing extensible canopy.
In above technical scheme preferably, described connection single-piece also includes that support member, described support member include many groups Supporting very heavy and many group of lateral oil cylinder, the described skeleton part of one end connection that described support is very heavy, its other end connects described mould Plate member;One end of described lateral oil cylinder connects described skeleton part, and its other end connects described form element.
In order to reach superior technique effect, also include electrolyte control part, described traversing oil cylinder, jacking cylinder, lateral Oil cylinder and walking mechanism are all connected with described electrolyte control part.
In above technical scheme preferably, described position-limit mechanism includes preventing described traversing extensible canopy from carrying out in the horizontal direction The limited block group of movement and prevent described traversing extensible canopy from carrying out the briquetting group overturn, described limited block group bag in vertical plane Including the spacing single-piece of least one set, described spacing single-piece includes the two pieces of limited blocks being positioned at described traversing extensible canopy both sides, described pressure Block group includes that at least one piece of bar shaped briquetting, the two ends of described bar shaped briquetting are separately positioned on and is positioned at same described spacing single-piece On two pieces of limited blocks;
Or, described position-limit mechanism includes the spacing single-piece of the U-shape structure stood upside down, and one end of described traversing extensible canopy is passed through Wear described spacing single-piece to arrange.
In above technical scheme preferably, described skeleton part includes lower floor's skeleton and is arranged on described lower floor skeleton Upper strata skeleton, described lower floor skeleton and described upper strata skeleton all for by many crossbeams, many root posts and Duo Gen longeron connect and The frame steel structure become;Described form element is connected with described upper strata skeleton by coupling part;On described lower floor skeleton, described It is equipped with what least one set was walked for staff between lower floor's skeleton and described upper strata skeleton and on the skeleton of described upper strata Cat ladder.
In above technical scheme preferably, described lower floor skeleton and described upper strata skeleton the most also include playing booster action Diagonal brace single-piece, described diagonal brace single-piece includes many hounds.
In above technical scheme preferably, described lower floor skeleton includes that four groups lay respectively at left front, right front, left back Column with right back;The quantity of described walking mechanism is four groups, and walking mechanism described in four groups is separately positioned on described in four groups vertical The lower end of post.
Should technical scheme, have the advantages that
(1) the rock anchorage beam construction trolley of the present invention includes skeleton part, is movably arranged on described skeleton by coupling part Template part in part and many groups for moving the walking mechanism of whole chassis, skeleton part be by many crossbeams, many The frame steel structure that column and Duo Gen longeron are formed by connecting;Template part includes being symmetricly set on described skeleton part both sides and knot The form element that structure is identical, form element includes the multiple single mode plates set gradually along rock anchorage beam length direction, connecting portion subpackage Including two groups to be symmetrical arranged and connector that structure is identical, connector includes the many groups of connections set gradually along rock anchorage beam length direction Single-piece, connects single-piece and includes traversing parts and jacking parts.Overall structure is simplified;By skeleton part, coupling part, template The modularized designs such as part, it is simple to installation and removal;The shape of single mode plate is identical with the profile of the rock anchorage beam at required lining cutting position, The combination of polylith single mode plate can quickly form the outline of the rock anchorage beam needing lining cutting;Traversing parts include traversing extensible canopy, horizontal stroke Moving oil cylinder and position-limit mechanism, on the one hand traversing parts can bear the weight of template part, on the other hand can fast speed realize Template part is moved to treating lining cutting position, ready for lining construction;Use the rock anchorage beam construction trolley of the present invention, can be big Simplify greatly the work progress of rock anchorage beam and shorten its construction period;The design of position-limit mechanism, for described traversing extensible canopy Carry out spacing, mainly limit the swing in horizontal plane of the traversing extensible canopy and the rotation in vertical plane, improve rock anchorage beam and execute The stability of work chassis;Template part connects the quantity of single-piece all in accordance with actual feelings in the quantity of form element and connector Condition selects, it is achieved unilateral or both sides rock anchorage beam construction, meets different construction demands, practical.
(2) heretofore described jacking parts include that bracing frame and jacking cylinder, the structure of jacking parts are simplified, it is simple to Manufacture;By the action of jacking cylinder, it is achieved template position quickly mates with required lining cutting position at vertical direction, enters one Step guarantees that template part can quickly arrive required lining cutting position, improves work efficiency.
(3) heretofore described connection single-piece also include support member, described support member include organizing more support very heavy and The lateral oil cylinder of many groups, the described skeleton part of one end connection that described support is very heavy, its other end connects described form element;Described One end of lateral oil cylinder connects described skeleton part, and its other end connects described form element.Support very heavy and lateral oil cylinder Design, is on the one hand easy to the position adjustments (position adjustments of horizontal direction) of template part further, on the other hand can bear mould The lateral pressure of plate part, improves the stability in the large of chassis.
(4) in the present invention, rock anchorage beam construction trolley also includes electrolyte control part, described traversing oil cylinder, jacking cylinder, side All it is connected with described electrolyte control part to oil cylinder and walking mechanism.The design of electrolyte control part facilitates implementation traversing oil The Automated condtrol of cylinder, jacking cylinder, lateral oil cylinder and walking mechanism (in electrolyte control part can in conjunction with hydraulic system and The design of Circuits System, specifically can refer to the electrohydraulic control system of chassis in prior art), it is greatly improved work efficiency, enters one Step shortens construction period.
(5) structure of heretofore described position-limit mechanism can use various ways, enumerates two kinds below: the first, limit Position mechanism includes limited block group and briquetting group, and limited block group includes the spacing single-piece of least one set, and spacing single-piece includes being positioned at horizontal stroke Moving two pieces of limited blocks of extensible canopy both sides, briquetting group includes at least one piece of bar shaped briquetting, and the two ends of bar shaped briquetting are separately positioned on It is positioned on two pieces of limited blocks of same described spacing single-piece;The second, position-limit mechanism includes the spacing list of the U-shape structure stood upside down Part, one end of described traversing extensible canopy is run through described spacing single-piece and is arranged.Both the above mode can individually use one, it is possible to To use the combination of two kinds, it is achieved traversing extensible canopy is carried out the most spacing.
(6) heretofore described skeleton part includes lower floor's skeleton and is arranged on the upper strata bone on described lower floor skeleton Frame, it is achieved the modularized design of skeleton part, it is simple to installation and removal;Lower floor's skeleton and described upper strata skeleton are all for by many horizontal strokes The frame steel structure that beam, many root posts and Duo Gen longeron are formed by connecting, it is simple to manufacture and good stability;On described lower floor skeleton, It is equipped with least one set for staff's row between described lower floor skeleton and described upper strata skeleton and on the skeleton of described upper strata The cat ladder walked, convenient construction personnel walk about, and improves construction safety performance.
(7) heretofore described lower floor skeleton and described upper strata skeleton the most also include the diagonal brace single-piece playing booster action, Described diagonal brace single-piece includes many hounds, and the design of hound can improve the structural strength of skeleton part further, and it uses X Shape is arranged, improves stability as far as possible under using minimum material, cost-effective.Described lower floor skeleton includes four groups of positions respectively In left front, right front, left back and the column of right back;The quantity of described walking mechanism is four groups, vehicle with walking machine described in four groups Structure is separately positioned on the lower end of column described in four groups.The quantity of column and the quantity of walking mechanism are determined all in accordance with practical situation Fixed, it can be ensured that the stability of rock anchorage beam construction trolley and walking demand.
The present invention also provides for the construction method of a kind of above-mentioned rock anchorage beam construction trolley, specifically: comprise the following steps:
The first step, rock anchorage beam construction trolley is assembled;
Second step, carried it to required lining cutting position by the walking mechanism in rock anchorage beam construction trolley;
3rd step, template part is carried out formwork erection;Very heavy for all supports supporting to place can be served as a contrast after completing by formwork erection Build;
After 4th step, lining cutting complete, dismantle all supports very heavy support and template part is carried out the demoulding;The demoulding completes After, carried it to lining cutting position needed for the next one by the walking mechanism in rock anchorage beam construction trolley.
In above technical scheme preferably, the formwork erection step in described 3rd step and the demoulding step in the 4th step are concrete It is: control traversing oil cylinder and lateral cylinder action, form element is moved in the horizontal direction;Control jacking cylinder to move Make, form element is vertically moved;In conjunction with traversing oil cylinder, lateral oil cylinder and the action of jacking cylinder, by template Parts move to required lining cutting position.
Using the construction method of the present invention, work progress is simplified, and can be greatly shortened construction period, cost-effective.
In addition to objects, features and advantages described above, the present invention also has other objects, features and advantages. Below with reference to figure, the present invention is further detailed explanation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The accompanying drawing of the part constituting the application is used for providing a further understanding of the present invention, and the present invention's is schematic real Execute example and illustrate for explaining the present invention, being not intended that inappropriate limitation of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the rock anchorage beam construction trolley of embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is rock anchorage beam construction trolley schematic diagram in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the E enlarged drawing in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the annexation figure of the traversing extensible canopy of another angle, bracing frame and jacking cylinder in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the company of bracing frame in skeleton part middle cross beam, traversing extensible canopy, position-limit mechanism and jacking parts in Fig. 3 Connect structural representation;
1, skeleton part, 1.1, lower floor's skeleton, 1.2, upper strata skeleton, C1, crossbeam, C2, column, C3, longeron, C4, diagonal brace Bar, 2, template part, 2.1, form element, 3, coupling part, 3.1, traversing parts, 3.11, traversing extensible canopy, 3.12, traversing Oil cylinder, 3.13, position-limit mechanism, A, limited block group, A1, limited block, B, briquetting group, B1, bar shaped briquetting, D, spacing single-piece, 3.2, Jacking parts, 3.21, bracing frame, 3.22, jacking cylinder, 3.3, support member, 3.31, lateral oil cylinder, 3.32, support very heavy, 4, walking mechanism, 5, cat ladder, 6, chassis walking surface, 7, the rock anchorage beam at required lining cutting position, 8, crag.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiments of the invention are described in detail, but the present invention can limit according to claim Multitude of different ways that is fixed and that cover is implemented.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of rock anchorage beam construction trolley, is referred to Fig. 1-Fig. 5, including skeleton part 1, is movably arranged on by coupling part 3 Template part 2 in described skeleton part 1 and many groups are arranged on bottom described skeleton part 1 and for moving whole chassis The walking mechanism 4 of (chassis being walked on ground 6 convenient).
Described skeleton part 1 (referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2) includes lower floor's skeleton 1.1 and is arranged on described lower floor skeleton 1.1 Upper strata skeleton 1.2, described lower floor skeleton 1.1 and described upper strata skeleton 1.2 are all for by many crossbeam C1, many root posts C2 and many (concrete structure of upper strata skeleton and lower floor's skeleton can refer to prior art to the frame steel structure that root longeron C3 is formed by connecting, and it is taken The mode of building has multiple);Described form element 2.1 is connected with described upper strata skeleton 1.2 by coupling part 3;Described lower floor skeleton It is equipped with least one set on 1.1, between described lower floor skeleton 1.1 and described upper strata skeleton 1.2 and on described upper strata skeleton 1.2 Cat ladder 5 for staff's walking.Described lower floor skeleton 1.1 and described upper strata skeleton 1.2 the most also include playing booster action Diagonal brace single-piece, described diagonal brace single-piece includes many hound C4 (quantity of hound according to practical situation select).Under described Layer skeleton 1.1 includes four groups of columns 1.11 laying respectively at left front, right front, left back and right back, and (the present embodiment is left front Being additionally provided with four groups of auxiliary columns between side and left back and between right front and right back, the quantity of auxiliary column also may be used To determine according to practical situation);The quantity of described walking mechanism 4 is four groups, and described in four groups, walking mechanism 4 is separately positioned on four groups The lower end of described column 1.11.
Described template part 2 (referring to Fig. 2) includes being symmetricly set on the form element 2.1 of described skeleton part 1 both sides (i.e. Left side form element and right side form element, it is achieved the construction of the rock anchorage beam of the left and right sides;Left side form element and right side template The structure of parts can be the same or different, and determines according to the profile of the rock anchorage beam at required lining cutting position), described form element 2.1 include the multiple single mode plates set gradually along rock anchorage beam length direction, the shape of described single mode plate and required lining cutting position The profile of rock anchorage beam 7 is identical.
Described coupling part 3 (Fig. 2-Fig. 5) include two groups be symmetrical arranged and connector that structure is identical (left side connector and Right side connector, left side connector connect on the left of form element and upper strata skeleton, right side connector connect on the right side of form element and Upper strata skeleton;The specification of left side connector and right side connector can be the same or different, and selects according to practical situation), institute State connector and include that the many groups of connection single-pieces set gradually along rock anchorage beam length direction (connect the quantity of single-piece according to practical situation Determine, be usually not less than two groups), described connection single-piece includes traversing parts 3.1, jacking parts 3.2 and support member 3.3, it is described that described traversing parts 3.1 include that the traversing extensible canopy 3.11 being horizontally set in described skeleton part 1, one end connect The end of traversing extensible canopy 3.11 and the other end are fixed on the traversing oil cylinder 3.12 in described skeleton part 1 and for described Traversing extensible canopy 3.11 carries out spacing position-limit mechanism 3.13, one end of described traversing extensible canopy 3.11 and described traversing oil cylinder 3.12 connect, and its other end is connected by the top of described jacking parts 3.2 with described form element 2.1;Described support member 3.3 include organizing lateral oil cylinder 3.31 and many group supports very heavy 3.32 more, and one end of described support very heavy 3.32 connects described skeleton Part 1, its other end connects described form element 2.1;One end of described lateral oil cylinder 3.31 connects described skeleton part 1, its The other end connects described form element 2.1.
The structure of above-mentioned jacking parts 3.2 refers to Fig. 3-Fig. 5, specifically: include the bracing frame of the U-shape structure of handstand setting 3.21 and to be arranged on support frame as described above 3.21 internal and carry out the jacking cylinder 3.22 stretched along the vertical direction, described traversing stretch One end of contracting beam 3.11 is run through the lower end of support frame as described above 3.21 and is arranged, the lower end of support frame as described above 3.21 and described template The top of parts 2.1 is connected by bearing pin;The upper end of described jacking cylinder 3.22 is arranged on support frame as described above 3.21, its lower end It is arranged on described traversing extensible canopy 3.11.
The structure of above-mentioned position-limit mechanism 3.13 refers to Fig. 5, specifically: it has two kinds of structures: the first, described position-limit mechanism Including limited block group A preventing described traversing extensible canopy 3.11 from moving in the horizontal direction and prevent described traversing extensible canopy 3.11 carry out briquetting group B overturn in vertical plane, and described limited block group A includes the spacing single-piece of least one set, described spacing list Part includes the two pieces of limited block A1 being positioned at described traversing extensible canopy 3.11 both sides, and described briquetting group B includes at least one piece of bar shaped pressure Block B1, the two ends of described bar shaped briquetting B1 are separately positioned on the two pieces of limited block A1 being positioned at same described spacing single-piece;The Two kinds, described position-limit mechanism include spacing single-piece D of U-shape structure stood upside down, institute is run through in one end of described traversing extensible canopy 3.11 State spacing single-piece D to arrange.Position-limit mechanism is for carrying out spacing to traversing extensible canopy, it is also possible to use other structures.
The rock anchorage beam construction trolley of application the present embodiment, its construction method specifically includes following steps:
The first step, rock anchorage beam construction trolley is assembled;
Second step, carried it to required lining cutting position by the walking mechanism 4 in rock anchorage beam construction trolley;
3rd step, template part 2 is carried out formwork erection;Formwork erection is carried out after supporting to place very heavy for all supports 3.32 after completing Lining cutting;
After 4th step, lining cutting complete, template part 2 is carried out the demoulding by the support dismantling all supports very heavy 3.32;The demoulding After completing, carried it to lining cutting position needed for the next one by the walking mechanism 4 in rock anchorage beam construction trolley.
Formwork erection step in described 3rd step is specifically: extend traversing oil cylinder 3.12 and lateral oil cylinder 3.31, by template Parts 2.1 are in the horizontal direction near treating that lining cutting position is moved;Elongation jacking cylinder 3.22, by form element 2.1 downwards near treating Lining cutting position is moved;The traversing oil cylinder of Reasonable adjustment 3.12, lateral oil cylinder 3.31 and the extended length of jacking cylinder 3.22, by template Parts 2.1 move and support to place very heavy for all supports 3.32 to required lining cutting position.
Demoulding step in described 4th step is specifically: first dismantles all supports very heavy 3.32 and supports, shortens traversing oil cylinder 3.12 and lateral oil cylinder 3.31, form element 2.1 is moved away from lining cutting position in the horizontal direction;Shorten jacking cylinder 3.22 Action, is upwardly away from lining cutting position by form element 2.1 and moves;The traversing oil cylinder of Reasonable adjustment 3.12, lateral oil cylinder 3.31 and top The stroke of oil-lifting jar 3.22, carries out the demoulding by form element 2.1.
The control mode during walking of the present embodiment rock anchorage beam construction trolley is with reference to the row of tunnel lining trolley in prior art Walk mode.
The rock anchorage beam of lining cutting equal length, the rock anchorage beam construction trolley of application the present embodiment carries out constructing and applies existing skill Art compares, and the construction period needed for the present embodiment technical scheme is 0.5-0.68 times of prior art construction period.Therefore, On the basis of simplifying work progress, the present embodiment technical scheme also can be greatly shortened construction period, improves efficiency of construction, reduces Construction cost.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of rock anchorage beam construction trolley, difference from Example 1 is: also include electrolyte control part, described traversing Oil cylinder 3.12, jacking cylinder 3.22, lateral oil cylinder 3.31 and walking mechanism 4 are all connected with described electrolyte control part.
The design of electrolyte control part facilitates implementation traversing oil cylinder, jacking cylinder, lateral oil cylinder and walking mechanism Automated condtrol (can specifically can refer to prior art in conjunction with hydraulic system and the design of Circuits System in electrolyte control part The hydraulic pressure electrolyte control part of middle chassis), it is greatly improved work efficiency, shortens construction period further.
The rock anchorage beam of lining cutting equal length, the rock anchorage beam construction trolley of application the present embodiment carries out constructing and applies existing skill Art compares, and the construction period needed for the present embodiment technical scheme is 0.4-0.6 times of prior art construction period.Therefore, On the basis of simplifying work progress, the present embodiment technical scheme also can be greatly shortened construction period, improves efficiency of construction, reduces Construction cost
Embodiment 3:
A kind of rock anchorage beam construction trolley, difference from Example 1 is: described template part includes one group of template portion Part;Described coupling part includes one group of connector.
The rock anchorage beam construction trolley of Application Example 3, it is possible to achieve the construction of unilateral rock anchorage beam, meets different demands.
The rock anchorage beam of lining cutting equal length, the rock anchorage beam construction trolley of application the present embodiment carries out constructing and applies existing skill Art compares, and the construction period needed for the present embodiment technical scheme is 0.5-0.68 times of prior art construction period.Therefore, On the basis of simplifying work progress, the present embodiment technical scheme also can be greatly shortened construction period, improves efficiency of construction, reduces Construction cost.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, for the skill of this area For art personnel, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.All within the spirit and principles in the present invention, that is made any repaiies Change, equivalent, improvement etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a rock anchorage beam construction trolley, it is characterised in that: include skeleton part (1), be movably arranged on by coupling part (3) Template part (2) on described skeleton part (1) and the many groups of walking mechanisms (4) being arranged on bottom described skeleton part (1);
Described skeleton part (1) is the frame steel structure being formed by connecting by many crossbeams, many root posts and Duo Gen longeron;
Described template part (2) includes that form element (2.1), described form element (2.1) include depending on along rock anchorage beam length direction Multiple single mode plates of secondary setting, the shape of described single mode plate is identical with the profile of the rock anchorage beam at required lining cutting position;
Described coupling part (3) includes that connector, described connector include the many groups of companies set gradually along rock anchorage beam length direction Order part, described connection single-piece includes that traversing parts (3.1) and jacking parts (3.2), described traversing parts (3.1) include water Put down traversing extensible canopy (3.11), the end of the described traversing extensible canopy (3.11) of one end connection being arranged on described skeleton part (1) Portion and the other end are fixed on the traversing oil cylinder (3.12) on described skeleton part (1) and for described traversing extensible canopy (3.11) spacing position-limit mechanism (3.13) is carried out, one end of described traversing extensible canopy (3.11) and described traversing oil cylinder (3.12) Connecting, its other end is connected with the top of described form element (2.1) by described jacking parts (3.2).
Rock anchorage beam lining trolley the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the quantity of described form element (2.1) is Two groups, form element (2.1) described in two groups is symmetricly set on the both sides of described skeleton part (1);
The quantity of described connector is two groups, and connecting-piece structure described in two groups is identical, and described in one group, the two ends of connector connect respectively Connecing form element (2.1) described in a group and described skeleton part (1), another two ends organizing described connector connect another group respectively Described form element (2.1) and described skeleton part (1).
3. according to the rock anchorage beam construction trolley described in claim 1-2 any one, it is characterised in that: described jacking parts (3.2) include the bracing frame (3.21) of the U-shape structure of handstand setting and be arranged on support frame as described above (3.21) inside and along upper Lower direction carries out the jacking cylinder (3.22) stretched, and support frame as described above (3.21) is run through in one end of described traversing extensible canopy (3.11) Lower end arrange, the lower end of support frame as described above (3.21) is connected by bearing pin with the top of described form element (2.1);Institute The upper end stating jacking cylinder (3.22) is arranged on support frame as described above (3.21), and its lower end is arranged on traversing extensible canopy (3.11) On.
Rock anchorage beam construction trolley the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described connection single-piece also includes support member (3.3), described support member (3.3) includes organizing lateral oil cylinder (3.31) more and many groups support very heavy (3.32), described support thousand One end of jin (3.32) connects described skeleton part (1), and its other end connects described form element (2.1);Described lateral oil cylinder (3.31) one end connects described skeleton part (1), and its other end connects described form element (2.1).
Rock anchorage beam construction trolley the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: also include electrolyte control part, described horizontal stroke Move oil cylinder (3.12), jacking cylinder (3.22), lateral oil cylinder (3.31) and walking mechanism (4) all with described electrolyte control part Connect.
Rock anchorage beam construction trolley the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described position-limit mechanism (3.13) includes preventing Limited block group (A) that described traversing extensible canopy (3.11) moves in the horizontal direction and prevent described traversing extensible canopy (3.11) carrying out the briquetting group (B) overturn in vertical plane, described limited block group (A) includes the spacing single-piece of least one set, described Spacing single-piece includes the two pieces of limited blocks (A1) being positioned at described traversing extensible canopy (3.11) both sides, described briquetting group (B) include to Few one piece of bar shaped briquetting (B1), the two ends of described bar shaped briquetting (B1) are separately positioned on and are positioned at the two of same described spacing single-piece On block limited block (A1);
Or, described position-limit mechanism (3.13) includes the spacing single-piece (D) of the U-shape structure stood upside down, described traversing extensible canopy (3.11) one end is run through described spacing single-piece (D) and is arranged.
Rock anchorage beam construction trolley the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described skeleton part (1) includes lower floor's bone Frame (1.1) and the upper strata skeleton (1.2) being arranged in described lower floor skeleton (1.1), described lower floor skeleton (1.1) and described on Layer skeleton (1.2) is all for the frame steel structure being formed by connecting by many crossbeams (C1), many root posts (C2) and many longerons (C3); Described form element (2.1) is connected with described upper strata skeleton (1.2) by coupling part (3);In described lower floor skeleton (1.1), It is equipped with least one set between described lower floor skeleton (1.1) and described upper strata skeleton (1.2) and on described upper strata skeleton (1.2) Cat ladder (5) for staff's walking.
Rock anchorage beam construction trolley the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described lower floor skeleton (1.1) and described on Layer skeleton (1.2) the most also includes the diagonal brace single-piece playing booster action, and described diagonal brace single-piece includes many hounds (C4).
Rock anchorage beam construction trolley the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described lower floor skeleton (1.1) includes four groups Lay respectively at the column (1.11) of left front, right front, left back and right back;The quantity of described walking mechanism (4) is four groups, Walking mechanism (4) described in four groups is separately positioned on the lower end of column (1.11) described in four groups.
10. the construction method of a rock anchorage beam construction trolley, it is characterised in that: comprise the following steps:
The first step, rock anchorage beam construction trolley is assembled;
Second step, carried it to required lining cutting position by the walking mechanism (4) in rock anchorage beam construction trolley;
3rd step, template part (2) is carried out formwork erection;Very heavy for all supports (3.32) are supported to place and can enter after completing by formwork erection Row lining cutting;
After 4th step, lining cutting complete, template part (2) is carried out the demoulding by the support dismantling all supports very heavy (3.32);The demoulding After completing, carried it to lining cutting position needed for the next one by the walking mechanism (4) in rock anchorage beam construction trolley;
Formwork erection step in described 3rd step and the demoulding step in the 4th step be specifically: controls traversing oil cylinder (3.12) and lateral Oil cylinder (3.31) action, moves in the horizontal direction by form element (2.1);Control jacking cylinder (3.22) action, by mould Plate member (2.1) vertically moves;In conjunction with traversing oil cylinder (3.12) and lateral oil cylinder (3.31) and jacking cylinder (3.22) action, by mobile for form element (2.1) to required lining cutting position.
CN201610787995.XA 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 A kind of rock anchorage beam construction trolley and construction method thereof Pending CN106150525A (en)

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CN106640131A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-05-10 中国人民解放军63926部队 Modularized variable cross-section tunnel lining trolley
CN107587722A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-01-16 中国水利水电第七工程局有限公司 A kind of advanced mounting process of crane beam on rock wall for underground power house reinforcing bar and its reinforcing bar are from steady structure
CN108915717A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-11-30 重庆大学 A kind of adjustable builder's staging for heavy grade tunnel
CN113841547A (en) * 2021-10-18 2021-12-28 山东农业大学 Automatic line-changing device and method for large-scale multi-span greenhouse shed roof cleaning auxiliary operation

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CN107587722A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-01-16 中国水利水电第七工程局有限公司 A kind of advanced mounting process of crane beam on rock wall for underground power house reinforcing bar and its reinforcing bar are from steady structure
CN108915717A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-11-30 重庆大学 A kind of adjustable builder's staging for heavy grade tunnel
CN108915717B (en) * 2018-08-07 2023-12-08 重庆大学 Adjustable construction bench for large-gradient tunnel
CN113841547A (en) * 2021-10-18 2021-12-28 山东农业大学 Automatic line-changing device and method for large-scale multi-span greenhouse shed roof cleaning auxiliary operation

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