CN105906326A - High-whiteness autogenous glaze creamy porcelain, preparation method and production process thereof - Google Patents

High-whiteness autogenous glaze creamy porcelain, preparation method and production process thereof Download PDF

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CN105906326A
CN105906326A CN201610251000.8A CN201610251000A CN105906326A CN 105906326 A CN105906326 A CN 105906326A CN 201610251000 A CN201610251000 A CN 201610251000A CN 105906326 A CN105906326 A CN 105906326A
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porcelain
whiteness
content
lipoid
heating
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高翠华
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FUJIAN DEHUA HUILONG CERAMIC Co Ltd
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FUJIAN DEHUA HUILONG CERAMIC Co Ltd
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    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/04Clay; Kaolin
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    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
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    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/16Lean materials, e.g. grog, quartz
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    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/24Manufacture of porcelain or white ware
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    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
    • C04B2235/3436Alkaline earth metal silicates, e.g. barium silicate
    • C04B2235/3445Magnesium silicates, e.g. forsterite
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    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
    • C04B2235/3463Alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. mullite
    • C04B2235/3472Alkali metal alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. spodumene, alkali feldspars such as albite or orthoclase, micas such as muscovite, zeolites such as natrolite
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    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/65Aspects relating to heat treatments of ceramic bodies such as green ceramics or pre-sintered ceramics, e.g. burning, sintering or melting processes
    • C04B2235/656Aspects relating to heat treatments of ceramic bodies such as green ceramics or pre-sintered ceramics, e.g. burning, sintering or melting processes characterised by specific heating conditions during heat treatment
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    • C04B2235/65Aspects relating to heat treatments of ceramic bodies such as green ceramics or pre-sintered ceramics, e.g. burning, sintering or melting processes
    • C04B2235/656Aspects relating to heat treatments of ceramic bodies such as green ceramics or pre-sintered ceramics, e.g. burning, sintering or melting processes characterised by specific heating conditions during heat treatment
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    • C04B2235/66Specific sintering techniques, e.g. centrifugal sintering
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    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/96Properties of ceramic products, e.g. mechanical properties such as strength, toughness, wear resistance

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of ceramic production and particularly relates to high-whiteness autogenous glaze creamy porcelain, a preparation method and a production process thereof. The high-whiteness autogenous glaze creamy porcelain comprises finely-selected kaolin, potassium-sodium feldspar, quartz and talcum. According to the characters of the porcelain clay, a unique sintering process is employed, wherein effects of mineral components in the porcelain clay are shown on surface of the porcelain to form a glass-phase autogenous glaze layer, so that the sintered porcelain has a mellow, fine, transparent and jade-like effect. The high-whiteness autogenous glaze creamy porcelain has the inherent color of the porcelain clay and has unique decorative and artistic effects.

Description

High whiteness is from raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof and processing technology thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to ceramic fabrication technique field, be specifically related to a kind of high whiteness from raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof and processing technology thereof.
Background technology
Ceramic whiteware is the one in Chinese tradition Ceramics classification, with the porcelain base that iron-holder is low, imposes pure clear frit and fires and form.After its ceramic body of the system of existing ceramic whiteware has to pass through biscuiting, by pick, polish, wash, be dried the multiple working procedures such as glazing, then carry out " glaze firing " ceramic can be produced.
High whiteness, high-transmittance always evaluate the standard of high-quality ceramic whiteware, for this existing ceramic whiteware Producer usually through changing the china clay formula of tradition ceramic whiteware to obtain the ceramic whiteware product of more high-quality, as the patent of invention of Patent No. 200910111290.6 discloses novel transparent high-grade ceramic pug and ceramic thereof, the formula of ceramic material consists of: Kaolin 20-30%, Anhydrite (potassium, albite) 10-15%, quartz 35-45%, calcium hydroxy phosphate 10-20%, spodumene 2-3%, Talcum 1-3%.Existing high-quality ceramic whiteware is in order to pursue high whiteness and the china clay of high-transmittance many selections Gao Bai, therefore clear frit layer must be applied on china clay surface, to improve the glossiness on porcelain surface and to prevent the erosion of liquid, gas, make porcelain attractive in appearance and be easy to wash to wipe, be not sticky with by dust.
Along with improving constantly of social economy's level, the consumption idea of compatriots is also constantly changing, the increasing high product product wishing that pursuit has distinctive creation and artistic effect, consume simultaneously, the index of Product Green environmental protection is the most more focused on, if being therefore provided that a kind of different expression effect with traditional ceramic whiteware, and the novel ceramic whiteware of environmental protection, then there is positive Social and economic benef@.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of high whiteness from raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof and processing technology thereof.
For achieving the above object, high whiteness is from raw glaze lipoid porcelain, it is characterised in that from raw glaze lipoid porcelain, described high whiteness includes that component is as follows: selected Kaolin 50-60%, potassium albite 35-45%, quartz 3-8%, Talcum 1-5%;
Wherein, Al in selected Kaolin2O3Content 38-45%, SiO2Content 40-45%, Fe2O3Content 0.05-0.30%, TiO2Content 0.5-1.0%, S content 0.1-0.2%, burning vector 5-15%, and this selected kaolinic natural whiteness >=85 ,-2 μm content >=90, moisture≤1.0%.
Optimize, selected Kaolin 52%, potassium albite 38%, quartz 8%, Talcum 2%.
Optimize, Al in selected Kaolin2O3Content 44%, SiO2Content 41%, Fe2O3Content 0.2%, TiO2Content 0.7%, S content 0.1%, burning vector 14%.
Optimize, selected Kaolin 55%, potassium albite 40%, quartz 4%, Talcum 1%.
Optimize, Al in selected Kaolin2O3Content 45%, SiO2Content 43%, Fe2O3Content 0.08%, TiO2Content 0.3%, S content 0.14%, burning vector 11.48%.
A kind of high whiteness, specifically comprises the following steps that from raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof from the processing technology of raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof, the preparation high whiteness described in claim 1-5 any one
Step 1, the selected raw material meeting product demand;
Step 2, carries out proportioning according to high whiteness from the raw material that raw glaze is solidifying, makes blank;
Step 3, makes porcelain blank by blank;
Step 4, biscuit is put in kiln through 6-8 hour, firing temperature be 1300-1330 DEG C, form by a firing acquisition high whiteness from raw glaze lipoid porcelain.
Further, in step 4, the firing temperature of kiln controls to be divided into eight sections, specific as follows:
A: furnace temperature rises to 400 DEG C, 30-50 minute heating-up time;
When B: furnace temperature rises to 800 DEG C, 45-60 minute heating-up time;
When C: furnace temperature rises to 1160 DEG C, 100-120 minute heating-up time;
When D: furnace temperature rises to 1280 DEG C, 80-100 minute heating-up time;
When E: furnace temperature rises to 1300 DEG C-1330 DEG C, the heating-up time minute;
F: when furnace temperature is down to 1290-1200 DEG C, temperature fall time 5-10 minute;
H: furnace temperature, in 1290-1200 DEG C time, is incubated 50-60 minute;
I: natural cooling.
Further, it is the section of burning till that described temperature controls E, and the heating-up time of this section of burning till is 60 minutes.
Further, the section of burning till divides two sections of controls, and by 1280 DEG C of heating-up times to 1320 DEG C, the heating-up time is 50 minutes, and by 1320 DEG C of heating-up times to 1321 DEG C, the heating-up time is 10 minutes.
Further, it is quench zone that temperature controls F, and this chilling temperature is 1270 DEG C, and temperature fall time is 5 minutes.
From the above-mentioned description of this invention, the high whiteness that the present invention provides is from raw glaze lipoid porcelain, select special china clay raw material and use unique burning process according to porcelain soil characteristics, the effect of the mineral composition in china clay is restored porcelain surface formed glass phase from raw glaze layer, burnt out porcelain is made to present gentle exquisiteness, the beautifulst penetrating effect, this kind high whiteness without glazing, the true qualities of reduction china clay, has decoration and the artistic effect of uniqueness from raw glaze lipoid porcelain.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by way of detailed description of the invention, the invention will be further described.
High whiteness is from raw glaze lipoid porcelain, it is characterised in that from raw glaze lipoid porcelain, described high whiteness includes that component is as follows: selected Kaolin 50-60%, potassium albite 35-45%, quartz 3-8%, Talcum 1-5%;
Wherein, Al in selected Kaolin2O3Content 38-45%, SiO2Content 40-45%, Fe2O3Content 0.05-0.30%, TiO2Content 0.5-1.0%, S content 0.1-0.2%, burning vector 5-15%, and this selected kaolinic natural whiteness >=85 ,-2 μm content >=90, moisture≤1.0%.
A kind of high whiteness, from the processing technology of raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof, is prepared the high whiteness of preceding claim from raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof, is specifically comprised the following steps that
Step 1, the selected raw material meeting product demand;
Step 2, carries out proportioning according to high whiteness from the raw material that raw glaze is solidifying, makes blank;
Step 3, makes porcelain blank by blank;
Step 4, biscuit is put in kiln through 6-8 hour, firing temperature be 1300-1330 DEG C, form by a firing acquisition high whiteness from raw glaze lipoid porcelain.
Further, in step 4, the firing temperature of kiln controls to be divided into eight sections, specific as follows:
A: furnace temperature rises to 400 DEG C, 30-50 minute heating-up time;
When B: furnace temperature rises to 800 DEG C, 45-60 minute heating-up time;
When C: furnace temperature rises to 1160 DEG C, 100-120 minute heating-up time;
When D: furnace temperature rises to 1280 DEG C, 80-100 minute heating-up time;
When E: furnace temperature rises to 1300 DEG C-1330 DEG C, the heating-up time minute;
F: when furnace temperature is down to 1290-1200 DEG C, temperature fall time 5-10 minute;
H: furnace temperature, in 1290-1200 DEG C time, is incubated 50-60 minute;
I: natural cooling.
Further, it is the section of burning till that described temperature controls E, and the heating-up time of this section of burning till is 60 minutes.
Further, the section of burning till divides two sections of controls, and by 1280 DEG C of heating-up times to 1320 DEG C, the heating-up time is 50 minutes, and by 1320 DEG C of heating-up times to 1321 DEG C, the heating-up time is 10 minutes.
Further, it is quench zone that temperature controls F, and this chilling temperature is 1270 DEG C, and temperature fall time is 5 minutes.
Specific embodiment one:
High whiteness is from raw glaze lipoid porcelain, it is characterised in that from raw glaze lipoid porcelain, described high whiteness includes that component is as follows: selected Guangxi Kaolin 52%, Indonesia's potassium albite 38%, quartz 8%, Talcum 2%;Al in the Kaolin of the most selected Guangxi2O3Content 44%, SiO2Content 41%, Fe2O3Content 0.2%, TiO2Content 0.7%, S content 0.1%, burning vector 14%.
High whiteness, from the processing technology of raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof, is prepared the high whiteness of preceding claim from raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof, is specifically comprised the following steps that
Step 1, the selected raw material meeting product demand;
Step 2, carries out proportioning according to high whiteness from the raw material that raw glaze is solidifying, makes blank;
Step 3, makes porcelain blank by blank;
Step 4, biscuit is put in kiln through 6-8 hour, firing temperature be 1300-1330 DEG C, form by a firing acquisition high whiteness from raw glaze lipoid porcelain.
Further, in step 4, the firing temperature of kiln controls to be divided into eight sections, specific as follows:
A: furnace temperature rises to 400 DEG C, 40 minutes heating-up times;
When B: furnace temperature rises to 800 DEG C, 55 minutes heating-up times;
When C: furnace temperature rises to 1160 DEG C, 110 minutes heating-up times;
When D: furnace temperature rises to 1280 DEG C, 100 minutes heating-up times;
When E: furnace temperature rises to 1320 DEG C, 50 minutes heating-up times, then by by 1320 DEG C of heating-up times extremely
1321 DEG C, the heating-up time is 10 minutes;
When F: furnace temperature is down to 1270 DEG C, temperature fall time 5 minutes;
H: furnace temperature, in 1270 DEG C time, is incubated 60 minutes;
I: natural cooling.
Specific embodiment two:
High whiteness is from raw glaze lipoid porcelain, it is characterised in that from raw glaze lipoid porcelain, described high whiteness includes that component is as follows: selected Kaolin 55%, potassium albite 40%, quartz 4%, Talcum 1%, Al in the most selected Kaolin2O3Content 45%, SiO2Content 43%, Fe2O3Content 0.08%, TiO2Content 0.3%, S content 0.14%, burning vector 11.48%.
A kind of high whiteness, specifically comprises the following steps that from raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof from the processing technology of raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof, the preparation high whiteness described in claim 1-5 any one
Step 1, the selected raw material meeting product demand;
Step 2, carries out proportioning according to high whiteness from the raw material that raw glaze is solidifying, makes blank;
Step 3, makes porcelain blank by blank;
Step 4, biscuit is put in kiln through 6-8 hour, firing temperature be 1300-1330 DEG C, form by a firing acquisition high whiteness from raw glaze lipoid porcelain.
Further, in step 4, the firing temperature of kiln controls to be divided into eight sections, specific as follows:
A: furnace temperature rises to 400 DEG C, 35 minutes heating-up times;
When B: furnace temperature rises to 800 DEG C, 50 minutes heating-up times;
When C: furnace temperature rises to 1160 DEG C, 110 minutes heating-up times;
When D: furnace temperature rises to 1280 DEG C, 80 minutes heating-up times;
E: furnace temperature rises to 1300 DEG C, and 60 minutes heating-up times, when being continuously heating to 1330 DEG C, during intensification
Between 10 minute;
When F: furnace temperature is down to 1220 DEG C, temperature fall time 8 minutes;
H: furnace temperature, in 1220 DEG C time, is incubated 60 minutes;
I: natural cooling.
Above are only a specific embodiment of the present invention, but the design concept of the present invention is not limited thereto, all changes utilizing this design that the present invention carries out unsubstantiality, the behavior invading scope all should be belonged to.

Claims (10)

  1. The highest whiteness is from raw glaze lipoid porcelain, it is characterised in that described high whiteness includes group from raw glaze lipoid porcelain Divide as follows: selected Kaolin 50-60%, potassium albite 35-45%, quartz 3-8%, Talcum 1-5%;
    Wherein, Al in selected Kaolin2O3Content 38-45%, SiO2Content 40-45%, Fe2O3Content 0.05-0.30%, TiO2Content 0.5-1.0%, S content 0.1-0.2%, burning vector 5-15%, and this selected height Natural whiteness >=85 of ridge soil ,-2 μm content >=90, moisture≤1.0%.
  2. High whiteness the most according to claim 1 is from raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof, and its feature exists In: described selected Kaolin 52%, potassium albite 38%, quartz 8%, Talcum 2%.
  3. High whiteness the most according to claim 1 and 2 is from raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof, and it is special Levy and be: Al in described selected Kaolin2O3Content 44%, SiO2Content 41%, Fe2O3Content 0.2%, TiO2 Content 0.7%, S content 0.1%, burning vector 14%.
  4. High whiteness the most according to claim 1 is from raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof, and its feature exists In: described selected Kaolin 55%, potassium albite 40%, quartz 4%, Talcum 1%.
  5. High whiteness the most according to claim 1 is from raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof, and its feature exists In: Al in described selected Kaolin2O3Content 45%, SiO2Content 43%, Fe2O3Content 0.08%, TiO2Contain Amount 0.3%, S content 0.14%, burning vector 11.48%.
  6. 6. high whiteness is from a processing technology for raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof, prepares claim High whiteness described in 1-5 any one, from raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof, specifically comprises the following steps that
    Step 1, the selected raw material meeting product demand;
    Step 2, carries out proportioning according to high whiteness from the raw material that raw glaze is solidifying, makes blank;
    Step 3, makes porcelain blank by blank;
    Step 4, biscuit is put in kiln through 6-8 hour, firing temperature be 1300-1330 DEG C, be fired into Type obtains high whiteness from raw glaze lipoid porcelain.
  7. High whiteness the most according to claim 6 is from the making work of raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof Skill, it is characterised in that in step 4, the firing temperature of kiln controls to be divided into eight sections, specific as follows:
    A: furnace temperature rises to 400 DEG C, 30-50 minute heating-up time;
    When B: furnace temperature rises to 800 DEG C, 45-60 minute heating-up time;
    When C: furnace temperature rises to 1160 DEG C, 100-120 minute heating-up time;
    When D: furnace temperature rises to 1280 DEG C, 80-100 minute heating-up time;
    When E: furnace temperature rises to 1300 DEG C-1330 DEG C, the heating-up time minute;
    F: when furnace temperature is down to 1290-1200 DEG C, temperature fall time 5-10 minute;
    H: furnace temperature, in 1290-1200 DEG C time, is incubated 50-60 minute;
    I: natural cooling.
  8. High whiteness the most according to claim 7 is from the making work of raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof Skill, its feature exists: it is the section of burning till that described temperature controls E, and the heating-up time of this section of burning till is 60 minutes.
  9. 9. according to the high whiteness described in claim 8 from the processing technology of raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof, Its feature exists: described in the section of burning till divide two sections of controls, by 1280 DEG C of heating-up times to 1320 DEG C, the heating-up time is 50 minutes, by 1320 DEG C of heating-up times to 1321 DEG C, the heating-up time was 10 minutes.
  10. 10. according to the high whiteness described in claim 6 or 8 from raw glaze lipoid porcelain and preparation method thereof Processing technology, it is characterised in that: it is quench zone that described temperature controls F, and this chilling temperature is 1270 DEG C, fall The temperature time is 5 minutes.
CN201610251000.8A 2016-04-21 2016-04-21 High-whiteness autogenous glaze creamy porcelain, preparation method and production process thereof Pending CN105906326A (en)

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Cited By (7)

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CN106747288A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-31 福建省德化县聚德艺瓷有限公司 Beautiful porcelain of profit and preparation method thereof and renovation technique
CN107162563A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-09-15 安徽省德邦瓷业有限公司 It is a kind of unleaded nontoxic from releasing glaze ceramic ware for daily use
CN108706963A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-10-26 温克仁 A kind of usury is with desert material system from the production technology of raw glaze china
CN108751962A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-06 福建省德化县陶缘茗陶瓷文化有限公司 A kind of white jade porcelain pot and preparation method thereof for rotation of soaring aloft
CN109534802A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-03-29 温克仁 A kind of far infrared of usury desert material is from raw glaze china and its preparation process
CN110357605A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-10-22 福建省德化东方骄子陶瓷有限责任公司 A kind of porcelain plate with negative oxygen ion and antibiotic and sterilizing function
CN112125519A (en) * 2018-03-22 2020-12-25 福建省德化县中国白陶瓷有限责任公司 High-white light-transmitting glaze layer of daily white porcelain and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN106747288A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-31 福建省德化县聚德艺瓷有限公司 Beautiful porcelain of profit and preparation method thereof and renovation technique
CN107162563A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-09-15 安徽省德邦瓷业有限公司 It is a kind of unleaded nontoxic from releasing glaze ceramic ware for daily use
CN112125519A (en) * 2018-03-22 2020-12-25 福建省德化县中国白陶瓷有限责任公司 High-white light-transmitting glaze layer of daily white porcelain and preparation method thereof
CN108751962A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-06 福建省德化县陶缘茗陶瓷文化有限公司 A kind of white jade porcelain pot and preparation method thereof for rotation of soaring aloft
CN108706963A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-10-26 温克仁 A kind of usury is with desert material system from the production technology of raw glaze china
CN108706963B (en) * 2018-06-28 2019-11-05 温克仁 A kind of usury is with desert material system from the production technology of raw glaze china
CN109534802A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-03-29 温克仁 A kind of far infrared of usury desert material is from raw glaze china and its preparation process
CN109534802B (en) * 2018-12-24 2021-08-24 温克仁 Far infrared autogenous glaze porcelain with high utilization of desert materials and preparation process thereof
CN110357605A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-10-22 福建省德化东方骄子陶瓷有限责任公司 A kind of porcelain plate with negative oxygen ion and antibiotic and sterilizing function

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Application publication date: 20160831