CN111704358B - Porcelain archaized brick with golden glittering effect and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Porcelain archaized brick with golden glittering effect and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111704358B
CN111704358B CN202010596825.XA CN202010596825A CN111704358B CN 111704358 B CN111704358 B CN 111704358B CN 202010596825 A CN202010596825 A CN 202010596825A CN 111704358 B CN111704358 B CN 111704358B
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glaze
glittering
golden
percent
effect
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CN111704358A (en
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萧志强
赵勇
刘荣勇
赵一波
曹普银
汪小刚
邱玉鹏
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Guangxi Mona Lisa New Material Co Ltd
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Guangxi Mona Lisa New Material Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/52Multiple coating or impregnating multiple coating or impregnating with the same composition or with compositions only differing in the concentration of the constituents, is classified as single coating or impregnation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/89Coating or impregnation for obtaining at least two superposed coatings having different compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/96Properties of ceramic products, e.g. mechanical properties such as strength, toughness, wear resistance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/96Properties of ceramic products, e.g. mechanical properties such as strength, toughness, wear resistance
    • C04B2235/9646Optical properties

Abstract

According to the porcelain archaized brick with the golden flash effect and the preparation method thereof, 880 printing oil which accounts for a large proportion in the golden flash glaze can provide a good printing effect, reduce the agglomeration of flash materials, reduce the defects of the glaze, improve the antifouling performance and enhance the leveling effect of the glaze; the flashing material A can adjust the flashing effect of the composite glaze; the glittering material B mainly adjusts the high-temperature firing temperature of the composite glaze besides adjusting the glittering effect of the composite glaze, so that the golden glittering glaze and the transparent polished glaze are completely melted, the smoothness of the glaze surface is kept, and the manufactured porcelain archaized brick finished product has antifouling, wear-resisting and durable performances; the porcelain archaized brick of the invention has the following characteristics: the printing of the glittering golden color is combined with the color and the culture of the product, the product has more impact force in the level and the vision, the pattern level is richer, the texture is more natural, the stereoscopic impression is stronger, and the newly fused glazed product has more transparent three-dimensional impression.

Description

Porcelain archaized brick with golden glittering effect and preparation method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of architectural ceramic archaized bricks, in particular to a ceramic archaized brick with a golden glittering effect and a preparation method thereof.
Background
Along with the development of the demands and markets of people, the types of building decoration materials are more and more, the requirements are higher and higher, and the building decoration materials are novel, and the higher requirements are provided for the design colors and the designs and the colors of the brick body materials and the patterns.
At present, ceramic tile products with ceramic glaze in the market are prepared in a plurality of ways, for example, a patent with application number CN 101880178A named as 'ceramic glazed tile with gold metal effect and preparation method thereof' discloses a glazed effect which adopts the combination of copper-aluminum alloy powder and ceramic to generate gold metal luster, but the glazed effect does not have the characteristic that transparent glaze polishing and flash gold material can be fired at one time and are completely fused at high temperature, so that the metal luster generated by the glazed tile is only on the surface of the tile, and the product has no three-dimensional stereoscopic impression, and is not wear-resistant and durable.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention aims to provide a golden flashing glaze material and a polished glaze material which are sintered at one time and completely fused together, and the produced glazed tile is wear-resistant and durable, has strong three-dimensional stereoscopic impression and has a golden flashing effect, and a preparation method thereof.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: the porcelain archaized brick with the golden flashing effect comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 880, stamp-pad ink: 45-50 parts of a flash material A: 40-45 parts of a flash material B: 8-15 parts;
the glittering material A is used for adjusting the glittering effect of the golden glittering glaze;
the glittering material B is used for adjusting the glittering effect of the golden glittering glaze and the high-temperature firing temperature of the golden glittering glaze, so that the golden glittering glaze and the transparent polished glaze are completely melted, the smoothness of the glaze surface is kept, and the manufactured porcelain archaized brick finished product has antifouling, wear-resisting and durable performances.
Further, the flow rate of the 880 stamp-pad ink is 18-25 seconds.
Further, the glittering material A comprises the following chemical components in percentage by weight: loss on ignition: 0 to 1.00 percent; SiO22:0~0.2%;Al2O3:0~0.01%;CaO:0~0.01%; P2O5:0~0.2%;SO3:0~0.2%;TiO2:95~99%。
Further, the glittering material B comprises the following chemical components in percentage by weight: loss on ignition: 0 to 1.5 percent; SiO22:0~3.0%;Al2O3:0~0.3%;CaO:0~0.01%;P2O5:0~0.01%;SO3:0~0.5%;TiO2:78~85%;PbO:10.0~18.0%;As2O3:0~0.15%;ZnO:3.0~6.15%;ZrO2:6.0~8.25%。
Further, the 880 stamp-pad ink consists of the following raw materials in parts by weight: water: 83-86 parts of a lubricant; sodium carboxymethylcellulose: 5.0-8.0 parts; ethylene glycol: 5-8 parts; acrylic acid copolymer: 0.5-1.5 parts; polyurethane: 1-2 parts; isothiazolinone: 1-2 parts; sodium polycarboxylate: 2-3 parts.
Further, the porcelain archaized brick with the golden glittering effect sequentially comprises from bottom to top: the glaze comprises a blank body, a high white base glaze layer, an ink-jet printing layer, a glaze polishing layer and a fusion layer, wherein the golden glitter glaze and the glaze polishing layer are completely fused together.
Further, the high white ground glaze layer is formed by firing the high white ground glaze with the following chemical composition: loss of ignition by weight percent: 7.0-8.5%; SiO22:45~49%;Al2O3:22~26%;Fe2O3:0.1~0.5%;TiO2:0.05~0.3%;CaO:6.3~8.8%;MgO:3.3~3.8%;K2O:2.3~2.8%;Na2O:0.2~0.5%;ZnO:0.7~1.10%;ZrO2:4~5.11%。
Further, the glaze polishing layer is formed by firing a glaze polishing layer with the following chemical composition: loss of ignition by weight percent: 3.5-4.0%; SiO22:50~58%;Al2O3:18~23%;Fe2O3:0.1~0.5%;TiO2:0.05~0.2%;CaO:10.0~16.5%;MgO:5.2~8.0%;K2O:0.5~0.8%;Na2O:0.0~0.15%;ZnO:3.5~7.00%;ZrO2:0.03~0. 1%。
The application also provides a preparation method of the porcelain archaized brick with the golden flash effect, which comprises the following steps:
(1) applying high white ground coat on the blank to form a high white ground coat layer, wherein the glazing technological parameters of the high white ground coat are as follows: the specific gravity of the glaze water is controlled to be 1.45-1.50, and the glazing amount is as follows: 660 to 720g/m2
(2) Ink-jet printing, namely forming an ink-jet printing layer on the high-white base glaze layer;
(3) pouring and polishing glaze, forming a polishing glaze layer on the ink-jet printing layer, wherein the glaze polishing technological parameters of polishing glaze are as follows: the specific gravity of the glaze water is controlled to be 1.75-1.85, and the glazing amount can be 580-620 g/m2
(4) Printing the gold flashing glaze material on the surface of the tile sprayed with the glaze through screen printing, and then sending the tile to a firing process to obtain the porcelain archaized tile with the gold flashing effect.
Furthermore, the temperature of the firing process in the step (4) is controlled to be 1190-1210 ℃, and the firing time is 60-65 min.
According to the porcelain archaized brick with the golden flash effect and the preparation method thereof, 880 printing oil which accounts for a large proportion in the golden flash glaze can provide a good printing effect, reduce the agglomeration of flash materials, reduce the defects of the glaze, improve the antifouling performance and enhance the leveling effect of the glaze; the flashing material A can adjust the flashing effect of the composite glaze; the glittering material B mainly adjusts the high-temperature firing temperature of the composite glaze besides the glittering effect of the composite glaze, so that the golden glittering glaze and the transparent polished glaze are completely melted, the smoothness of the glaze is kept, and the manufactured porcelain archaized brick finished product has antifouling, wear-resisting and durable performances, therefore, the golden glittering glaze can be completely melted together with the transparent polished glaze, and a glittering golden material fully-fused polished glaze layer is formed after polishing, and compared with a common polished glaze brick, the porcelain archaized brick has the following characteristics: the printing of the glittering golden color is combined with the color and the culture of the product, the product has more impact force on the level and the vision, the glittering golden glaze and the glaze polishing are sintered and fused once, the product has the advantages of wear resistance and durability, the pattern level is richer, the texture is more natural, the three-dimensional effect is stronger, the texture expressive force of the product is greatly enriched, and the newly fused glaze polishing product has more transparent three-dimensional effect.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view, in cross section, of a porcelain archaized tile having a gold glittering effect produced by the present invention, in which 1 represents a green body layer, 2 represents a high white ground glaze layer, 3 represents an ink-jet printed layer, 4 represents a fused layer in which a gold glittering glaze and a polished glaze are completely fused together, and 5 represents glittering material A and glittering material B fused in the fused layer.
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a cross section of a ceramic glazed tile manufactured according to the patent application No. CN 101880178A entitled "a ceramic glazed tile with gold metal effect and method for manufacturing the same", in which 1 denotes a green body layer, 2 denotes a ground glaze layer, 3 denotes a bright glaze layer, and 4 denotes a metal ion layer.
Detailed Description
The following examples may help one skilled in the art to more fully understand the present invention, but are not intended to limit the invention in any way.
The green body of the invention can be prepared by known ceramic raw materials according to a conventional method, for example, the green body is subjected to blank ball milling, powder spraying granulation and green body drying in sequence to obtain a dried green body, and after drying, the brick surface can be cleaned to be beneficial to the subsequent process.
The high white base glaze is beneficial to covering a blank body and is beneficial to color development of a product. For example, the whiteness can be from 78 to 85. The high-white ground coat preferably has a shimmering effect, such as high whiteness and low glossiness after firing, which can contribute to ink-jet color development and glittering of a glittering material, and contains a higher content of aluminum and potassium, which can contribute to widening of the firing temperature range. The high white ground coat is formed by firing a high white ground coat with the following chemical composition: loss of ignition by weight percent: 7.0-8.5%; SiO22:45~49%;Al2O3:22~26%;Fe2O3:0.1~0.5%;TiO2:0.05~0.3%;CaO:6.3~8.8%;MgO:3.3~3.8%;K2O:2.3~2.8%;Na2O:0.2~0.5%;ZnO:0.7~1.10%;ZrO2: 4 to 5.11 percent. The high white base coat can be applied on the green body by glaze spraying, and the glaze spraying is carried out by adopting a high-pressure glaze spraying cabinet, wherein the spraying pressure is 10-15MPa, so that a better glaze spraying effect can be achieved. The thickness of the high white overglaze layer formed after the high white overglaze is fired can be 0.2-0.35 mm.
After the high white base coat is applied, ink-jet printing is carried out, multicolor ink-jet printing is carried out on pattern colors through a multi-channel ink-jet machine, drying can be carried out after the ink-jet printing, for example, electric drying can be carried out, the drying temperature can be 200-240 ℃, and the drying time can be 60-100 seconds.
The invention pours the polished glaze with proper firing temperature by a bell jar glaze pouring way, the polished glaze is loss by weight percent: 3.5-4.0%; SiO22:50~58%;Al2O3:18~23%;Fe2O3:0.1~0.5%;TiO2:0.05~0.2%;CaO:10.0~16.5%;MgO:5.2~8.0%;K2O:0.5~0.8%;Na2O:0.0~0.15%;ZnO:3.5~7.00%;ZrO2:0.03~0. 1%。
The 880-color printing ink is used for adjusting the flow rates of the white flashing material A and the yellow flashing material B, is convenient for screen printing, and is an auxiliary material.
The glazing amount of the golden flash glaze material can be 30-150 g/m2And the optimal glazing amount is determined by the richness degree of the patterns.
The golden glittering glaze is printed on the surface of the polished tile through silk screen printing, and after silk screen printing, drying can be carried out, such as electric drying, wherein the drying temperature can be 200-240 ℃, and the drying time can be 60-100 seconds. The water absorption rate after sintering is within 0.5 percent, and finally, the brick can be ground and packed in a grading way.
The high white ground glaze comprises the following raw materials in percentage by weight: potassium-sodium stone powder: 10-15%, quartz sand: 22-25% of borax: 30-38%, kaolin: 8-12%, zinc oxide: 2-3%, wollastonite: 8-12%, calcined talc: 3-8%, sodium tripolyphosphate: 0.5-0.8%, sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC): 0.1 to 0.5 percent.
The glaze polishing comprises the following raw materials in percentage by weight: potassium feldspar: 20-23%, albite: 6-10% of quartz sand: 5-8%, barium carbonate: 12-18%, alumina: 2-8%, kaolin: 2-8%, zinc oxide: 8-15%, wollastonite: 12-18%, calcined talc: 10-15%, sodium tripolyphosphate: 0.5-0.8%, sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC): 0.1 to 0.5 percent.
The glitter material a and the glitter material B of the present invention are commercially available, and therefore, the chemical composition of the glitter material a and the glitter material B is known, and further, in order to control the chemical composition of the glitter material a or the glitter material B, the chemical composition of the glitter material a or the glitter material B can be adjusted by adding the corresponding chemical composition to the glitter material a or the glitter material B.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the porcelain archaized brick with the golden flash effect has richer surface pattern layers, natural texture and stronger three-dimensional sense, greatly enriches the texture expressive force of the product, and ensures that the newly fused glazed product has more transparent three-dimensional sense;
2. the porcelain archaized brick with the golden flash effect has good decorative effect, and the flash effect material of the fusion layer flashes under the irradiation of light, so that the porcelain archaized brick is refulgent and brilliant;
3. the porcelain archaized brick with the golden flash effect has wide application range: the product of the invention is not influenced by environmental factors, and can be widely applied to various interior and exterior walls and ground decoration;
4. the porcelain archaized brick with the golden flash effect is durable: the invention has stable performance, less time and environment influence factors, high wear resistance, good surface antifouling effect, easy cleaning, long service life and wide market economic benefit, and can keep new feeling for a long time.
The present invention will be described in detail by way of examples. It is to be understood that the following examples are illustrative of the present invention and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the invention, and that certain insubstantial modifications and adaptations of the invention by those skilled in the art in light of the foregoing description are intended to be included within the scope of the invention. The specific process parameters and the like of the following examples are also only one example of suitable ranges, i.e., those skilled in the art can select the appropriate ranges through the description herein, and are not limited to the specific values exemplified below.
Example 1 (example of 600X 600mm production)
The porcelain archaized brick with the golden flashing effect comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 880, stamp-pad ink: 45 parts of a glittering material A: 40 parts and a glittering material B: 8 parts of a mixture; the 880 stamp-pad ink flow rate is 18 seconds; the 880 stamp-pad ink consists of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 83 parts of water; 5.0 parts of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose; ethylene glycol: 5 parts of a mixture; acrylic acid copolymer: 0.5 part; polyurethane: 1 part; isothiazolinone: 1 part; sodium polycarboxylate: 2 parts of (1);
the glittering material A is used for adjusting the glittering effect of the golden glittering glaze; the glittering material A comprises the following chemical components in percentage by weight: loss on ignition: 1.00 percent; SiO22: 0.2%;Al2O3: 0.01%;CaO: 0.01%; P2O5: 0.2%;SO3: 0.2%;TiO2:98.38%;
The glittering material B is used for adjusting the glittering effect of the golden glittering glaze and the high-temperature firing temperature of the golden glittering glaze, so that the golden glittering glaze and the transparent polished glaze are completely melted, the smoothness of the glaze surface is kept, and the manufactured porcelain archaized brick finished product has antifouling, wear-resisting and durable performances; the glittering material B comprises the following chemical components in percentage by weight: loss on ignition: 0.5 percent; SiO22: 1.53%;Al2O3: 0.3%;CaO: 0.01%;P2O5:0.01%;SO3: 0.5%;TiO2:78%;PbO:10.0%;As2O3: 0.15%;ZnO:3.0%;ZrO2:6.0%。
A preparation method of a porcelain archaized brick with a golden glittering effect comprises the following steps:
(1) spraying high white ground coat after drying in green body drying kilnThe glazing process parameters are as follows: the specific gravity of glaze water is controlled to be 1.45, and the glazing amount is as follows: 270 g/tablet; the high white ground glaze layer is formed by firing a high white ground glaze with the following chemical composition: loss of ignition by weight percent: 8.5 percent; SiO22:48.54%;Al2O3:22%;Fe2O3:0.1%;TiO2:0.05%;CaO: 8.8%;MgO:3.3%;K2O:2.3%;Na2O:0.2%;ZnO: 1.10%;ZrO2: 5.11 percent; the high white ground glaze is prepared by mixing mountain flour, quartz sand, borax, kaolin, zinc oxide, wollastonite, calcined talc, sodium tripolyphosphate and sodium carboxymethylcellulose;
(2) ink-jet printing, namely forming an ink-jet printing layer on the high-white base glaze layer;
(3) pouring and polishing glaze, forming a polishing glaze layer on the ink-jet printing layer, wherein the glaze polishing technological parameters of polishing glaze are as follows: the specific gravity of glaze water is controlled to be 1.75, and the glazing amount can be 580g/m2(ii) a The glaze polishing layer is formed by firing polishing glaze with the following chemical composition: loss of ignition by weight percent: 3.5 percent; SiO22:50%;Al2O3:23%;Fe2O3:0.1%;TiO2:0.05%;CaO:10.0%;MgO:8.0%;K2O:0.5%;Na2O:0.05%;ZnO:4.77%;ZrO2: 0.03 percent; the glaze is prepared by mixing potassium feldspar, albite, quartz sand, barium carbonate, alumina, kaolin, zinc oxide, wollastonite, calcined talc, sodium tripolyphosphate and sodium carboxymethylcellulose;
(4) printing the gold flash glaze material on the surface of the tile sprayed with the polished glaze material by silk screen printing, and then sending the tile to a firing process, wherein the temperature of the firing process is controlled to be 1190 ℃, the firing time can be 60min, and firing the tile to obtain the porcelain archaized tile with the gold flash effect; the porcelain archaized brick with the golden flash effect sequentially comprises from bottom to top: the glaze comprises a blank body, a high white base glaze layer, an ink-jet printing layer, a glaze polishing layer and a fusion layer, wherein the golden glitter glaze and the glaze polishing layer are completely fused together.
Example 2 (production of 600X 600mm products as an example)
The porcelain archaized brick with the golden flashing effect comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 880, stamp-pad ink: 50 parts of a glittering material A: 45 parts, and glitter material B: 15 parts of (1); the 880 stamp-pad ink flow rate is 25 seconds; the 880 stamp-pad ink consists of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 86 parts of water; 8.0 parts of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose; ethylene glycol: 8 parts of a mixture; acrylic acid copolymer: 1.5 parts; polyurethane: 2 parts of (1); isothiazolinone: 2 parts of (1); sodium polycarboxylate: 3 parts of a mixture;
the glittering material A is used for adjusting the glittering effect of the golden glittering glaze; the glittering material A comprises the following chemical components in percentage by weight: loss on ignition: 1.00 percent; SiO22: 0.2%;Al2O3: 0.01%;CaO: 0.01%; P2O5: 0.15%;SO3: 0.2%;TiO2:98.43%;
The glittering material B is used for adjusting the glittering effect of the golden glittering glaze and the high-temperature firing temperature of the golden glittering glaze, so that the golden glittering glaze and the transparent polished glaze are completely melted, the smoothness of the glaze surface is kept, and the manufactured porcelain archaized brick finished product has antifouling, wear-resisting and durable performances; the glittering material B comprises the following chemical components in percentage by weight: loss on ignition: 0.53 percent; SiO22: 1.5%;Al2O3: 0.2%;CaO: 0.01%;P2O5:0.01%;SO3: 0.4%;TiO2:78%;PbO:10.2%;As2O3: 0.15%;ZnO:3.0%;ZrO2:6.0%。
A preparation method of a porcelain archaized brick with a golden glittering effect comprises the following steps:
(1) spraying high white base coat after drying the blank body in a drying kiln, wherein the glazing technological parameters of the high white base coat are as follows: the specific gravity of glaze water is controlled to be 1.50, and the glazing amount is as follows: 290 g/piece; the high white ground glaze layer is formed by firing a high white ground glaze with the following chemical composition: loss of ignition by weight percent: 8.5 percent; SiO22:45%;Al2O3:23.59%;Fe2O3:0.5%;TiO2:0.3%;CaO:8.8%;MgO:3.8%;K2O:2.8%;Na2O:0.5%;ZnO:1.10%;ZrO2: 5.11 percent; the high white ground glaze is prepared by mixing mountain flour, quartz sand, borax, kaolin, zinc oxide, wollastonite, calcined talc, sodium tripolyphosphate and sodium carboxymethylcellulose;
(2) ink-jet printing, namely forming an ink-jet printing layer on the high-white base glaze layer;
(3) pouring and polishing glaze, forming a polishing glaze layer on the ink-jet printing layer, wherein the glaze polishing technological parameters of polishing glaze are as follows: the specific gravity of glaze water is controlled to be 1.85, and the glazing amount can be 620g/m2(ii) a The glaze polishing layer is formed by firing polishing glaze with the following chemical composition: loss of ignition by weight percent: 4.0 percent; SiO22:50.13%;Al2O3:23.0%;Fe2O3:0.3%;TiO2:0.05%;CaO:10.0%;MgO:7.0%;K2O:0.6%;Na2O:0.05%;ZnO:4.77%;ZrO2: 0.1 percent; the glaze is prepared by mixing potassium feldspar, albite, quartz sand, barium carbonate, alumina, kaolin, zinc oxide, wollastonite, calcined talc, sodium tripolyphosphate and sodium carboxymethylcellulose;
(4) printing the gold flash glaze material on the surface of the tile sprayed with the polished glaze material by silk screen printing, and then sending the tile to a firing process, wherein the temperature of the firing process is controlled at 1210 ℃, the firing time can be 65min, and firing the tile to obtain the porcelain archaized tile with the gold flash effect; the porcelain archaized brick with the golden flash effect sequentially comprises from bottom to top: the glaze comprises a blank body, a high white base glaze layer, an ink-jet printing layer, a glaze polishing layer and a fusion layer, wherein the golden glitter glaze and the glaze polishing layer are completely fused together.
Example 3 (production of 600X 600mm products as an example)
The porcelain archaized brick with the golden flashing effect comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 880, stamp-pad ink: 47 parts of glittering material A: 42 parts, and glitter material B: 10 parts of (A); the 880 stamp-pad ink flow rate is at 22 seconds; the 880 stamp-pad ink consists of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 84 parts of water; 6.0 parts of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose; ethylene glycol: 6 parts of (1); acrylic acid copolymer: 0.8 part; polyurethane: 1.2 parts; isothiazolinone: 1.5 parts; sodium polycarboxylate: 2.5 parts;
the glittering material A is used for adjusting the glittering effect of the golden glittering glaze; the glittering material A comprises the following chemical components in percentage by weight: loss on ignition: 1.00 percent; SiO22: 0.15%;Al2O3: 0.01%;CaO:0.01%; P2O5: 0.2%;SO3: 0.2%;TiO2:98.43%;
The glittering material B is used for adjusting the glittering effect of the golden glittering glaze and the high-temperature firing temperature of the golden glittering glaze, so that the golden glittering glaze and the transparent polished glaze are completely melted, the smoothness of the glaze surface is kept, and the manufactured porcelain archaized brick finished product has antifouling, wear-resisting and durable performances; the glittering material B comprises the following chemical components in percentage by weight: loss on ignition: 0.4 percent; SiO22: 1.73%;Al2O3: 0.3%;CaO: 0.01%;P2O5:0.01%;SO3: 0.1%;TiO2:78%;PbO:10.0%;As2O3: 0.15%;ZnO:3.0%;ZrO2:6.3%。
A preparation method of a porcelain archaized brick with a golden glittering effect comprises the following steps:
(1) spraying high white base coat after drying the blank body in a drying kiln, wherein the glazing technological parameters of the high white base coat are as follows: the specific gravity of glaze water is controlled to be 1.48, and the glazing amount is as follows: 280 g/piece; the high white ground glaze layer is formed by firing a high white ground glaze with the following chemical composition: loss of ignition by weight percent: 8.3 percent; SiO22:46.1%;Al2O3:23.59%;Fe2O3:0.4%;TiO2:0.2%;CaO:8.5%;MgO:3.6%;K2O:2.7%;Na2O:0.4%;ZnO:1.10%;ZrO2: 5.11 percent; the high white ground glaze is prepared by mixing mountain flour, quartz sand, borax, kaolin, zinc oxide, wollastonite, calcined talc, sodium tripolyphosphate and sodium carboxymethylcellulose;
(2) ink-jet printing, namely forming an ink-jet printing layer on the high-white base glaze layer;
(3) pouring and polishing glaze, forming a polishing glaze layer on the ink-jet printing layer, wherein the glaze polishing technological parameters of polishing glaze are as follows: the specific gravity of glaze water is controlled to be 1.78, and the glazing amount can be 590g/m2(ii) a The glaze polishing layer is formed by firing polishing glaze with the following chemical composition: loss of ignition by weight percent: 4.0 percent; SiO22:52%;Al2O3:22%;Fe2O3:0.3%;TiO2:0.05%;CaO:10.0%;MgO:6.5%;K2O:0.7%;Na2O:0.12%;ZnO:4.28%;ZrO2: 0.05 percent; the glaze is prepared by mixing potassium feldspar, albite, quartz sand, barium carbonate, alumina, kaolin, zinc oxide, wollastonite, calcined talc, sodium tripolyphosphate and sodium carboxymethylcellulose;
(4) printing the gold flashing glaze material on the surface of the tile sprayed with the polished glaze material through silk screen printing, and then sending the tile to a firing process, wherein the temperature of the firing process is controlled at 1200 ℃, the firing time can be 63min, and the ceramic archaized tile with the gold flashing effect is obtained by firing; the porcelain archaized brick with the golden flash effect sequentially comprises from bottom to top: the glaze comprises a blank body, a high white base glaze layer, an ink-jet printing layer, a glaze polishing layer and a fusion layer, wherein the golden glitter glaze and the glaze polishing layer are completely fused together.
Comparative example 1 (example of 600X 600mm production)
The porcelain archaized brick with the golden flashing effect comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 880, stamp-pad ink: 47 parts of glittering material A: 52 parts of (1); the 880 stamp-pad ink flow rate is at 22 seconds; the 880 stamp-pad ink consists of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 84 parts of water; 6.0 parts of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose; ethylene glycol: 6 parts of (1); acrylic acid copolymer: 0.8 part; polyurethane: 1.2 parts; isothiazolinone: 1.5 parts; sodium polycarboxylate: 2.5 parts;
the glittering material A is used for adjusting the glittering effect of the golden glittering glaze; the glittering material A comprises the following chemical components in percentage by weight: loss on ignition: 1.00 percent; SiO22: 0.15%;Al2O3: 0.01%;CaO:0.01%; P2O5: 0.2%;SO3: 0.2%;TiO2:98.43%;
A preparation method of a porcelain archaized brick with a golden glittering effect comprises the following steps:
(1) spraying high white base coat after drying the blank body in a drying kiln, wherein the glazing technological parameters of the high white base coat are as follows: the specific gravity of glaze water is controlled to be 1.48, and the glazing amount is as follows: 280 g/piece; the high white ground glaze layer is formed by firing a high white ground glaze with the following chemical composition: loss of ignition by weight percent: 8.3 percent; SiO22:46.1%;Al2O3:23.59%;Fe2O3:0.4%;TiO2:0.2%;CaO:8.5%;MgO:3.6%;K2O:2.7%;Na2O:0.4%;ZnO:1.10%;ZrO2: 5.11 percent; the high white ground glaze is prepared by mixing mountain flour, quartz sand, borax, kaolin, zinc oxide, wollastonite, calcined talc, sodium tripolyphosphate and sodium carboxymethylcellulose;
(2) ink-jet printing, namely forming an ink-jet printing layer on the high-white base glaze layer;
(3) pouring and polishing glaze, forming a polishing glaze layer on the ink-jet printing layer, wherein the glaze polishing technological parameters of polishing glaze are as follows: the specific gravity of glaze water is controlled to be 1.78, and the glazing amount can be 590g/m2(ii) a The glaze polishing layer is formed by firing polishing glaze with the following chemical composition: loss of ignition by weight percent: 4.0 percent; SiO22:52%;Al2O3:22%;Fe2O3:0.3%;TiO2:0.05%;CaO:10.0%;MgO:6.5%;K2O:0.7%;Na2O:0.12%;ZnO:4.28%;ZrO2: 0.05 percent; the glaze is prepared by mixing potassium feldspar, albite, quartz sand, barium carbonate, alumina, kaolin, zinc oxide, wollastonite, calcined talc, sodium tripolyphosphate and sodium carboxymethylcellulose;
(4) printing the gold flashing glaze material on the surface of the tile sprayed with the polished glaze material through silk screen printing, and then sending the tile to a firing process, wherein the temperature of the firing process is controlled at 1200 ℃, the firing time can be 63min, and the ceramic archaized tile with the gold flashing effect is obtained by firing; the porcelain archaized brick with the golden flash effect sequentially comprises from bottom to top: the glaze comprises a blank body, a high white base glaze layer, an ink-jet printing layer, a glaze polishing layer and a fusion layer, wherein the golden glitter glaze and the glaze polishing layer are completely fused together.
Comparative example 2 (production of 600X 600mm product is taken as an example)
The porcelain archaized brick with the golden flashing effect comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 880, stamp-pad ink: 47 parts of glittering material B: 52 parts of (1); the 880 stamp-pad ink flow rate is at 22 seconds; the 880 stamp-pad ink consists of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 84 parts of water; 6.0 parts of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose; ethylene glycol: 6 parts of (1); acrylic acid copolymer: 0.8 part; polyurethane: 1.2 parts; isothiazolinone: 1.5 parts; sodium polycarboxylate: 2.5 parts;
the glittering material B is used for adjusting the glittering effect of the golden glittering glaze and the high-temperature firing temperature of the golden glittering glaze, so that the golden glittering glaze and the transparent polished glaze are completely melted, the smoothness of the glaze surface is kept, and the manufactured porcelain archaized brick finished product has antifouling, wear-resisting and durable performances; the glittering material B comprises the following chemical components in percentage by weight: loss on ignition: 0.4 percent; SiO22: 1.73%;Al2O3: 0.3%;CaO: 0.01%;P2O5:0.01%;SO3: 0.1%;TiO2:78%;PbO:10.0%;As2O3: 0.15%;ZnO:3.0%;ZrO2:6.3%。
A preparation method of a porcelain archaized brick with a golden glittering effect comprises the following steps:
(1) spraying high white base coat after drying the blank body in a drying kiln, wherein the glazing technological parameters of the high white base coat are as follows: the specific gravity of glaze water is controlled to be 1.48, and the glazing amount is as follows: 280 g/piece; the high white ground glaze layer is formed by firing a high white ground glaze with the following chemical composition: loss of ignition by weight percent: 8.3 percent; SiO22:46.1%;Al2O3:23.59%;Fe2O3:0.4%;TiO2:0.2%;CaO:8.5%;MgO:3.6%;K2O:2.7%;Na2O:0.4%;ZnO:1.10%;ZrO2: 5.11 percent; the high white ground glaze is made of stone powder and quartz sandBorax, kaolin, zinc oxide, wollastonite, calcined talc, sodium tripolyphosphate and sodium carboxymethylcellulose;
(2) ink-jet printing, namely forming an ink-jet printing layer on the high-white base glaze layer;
(3) pouring and polishing glaze, forming a polishing glaze layer on the ink-jet printing layer, wherein the glaze polishing technological parameters of polishing glaze are as follows: the specific gravity of glaze water is controlled to be 1.78, and the glazing amount can be 590g/m2(ii) a The glaze polishing layer is formed by firing polishing glaze with the following chemical composition: loss of ignition by weight percent: 4.0 percent; SiO22:52%;Al2O3:22%;Fe2O3:0.3%;TiO2:0.05%;CaO:10.0%;MgO:6.5%;K2O:0.7%;Na2O:0.12%;ZnO:4.28%;ZrO2: 0.05 percent; the glaze is prepared by mixing potassium feldspar, albite, quartz sand, barium carbonate, alumina, kaolin, zinc oxide, wollastonite, calcined talc, sodium tripolyphosphate and sodium carboxymethylcellulose;
(4) printing the gold flashing glaze material on the surface of the tile sprayed with the polished glaze material through silk screen printing, and then sending the tile to a firing process, wherein the temperature of the firing process is controlled at 1200 ℃, the firing time can be 63min, and the ceramic archaized tile with the gold flashing effect is obtained by firing; the porcelain archaized brick with the golden flash effect sequentially comprises from bottom to top: the glaze comprises a blank body, a high white base glaze layer, an ink-jet printing layer, a glaze polishing layer and a fusion layer, wherein the golden glitter glaze and the glaze polishing layer are completely fused together.
The following table 1 shows the performance measurement results of the porcelain archaized bricks with golden glittering effect prepared in examples 1 to 3 and comparative examples 1 to 2.
The test method and the used instrument are as follows:
antifouling performance: according to the antifouling performance measuring method in the GB/T3810.14-2015 ceramic tile test method, three kinds of oil-based ink, namely black ink, red ink and basket ink are smeared on the surface of the tile for detection.
Wear resistance: according to the method for measuring the wear resistance of the glazed brick in the GB/T3810.7-2015 ceramic brick test method, a tile wear resistance detector produced by Shenzhen Europe Rui detection equipment Limited is adopted for detection.
Breaking strength: according to the method for measuring the modulus of rupture in the GB/T3810.4-2015 ceramic tile test method, a DM-10000 ceramic tile modulus of rupture tester produced by Shanghai Leao tester company Limited is adopted for detection.
Water absorption: according to the water absorption measuring method in the GB/T3810.3-2015 ceramic tile test method, a TZY-3 digital display type ceramic water absorption measuring instrument manufactured by Tianjin Youjian test equipment Limited is adopted for detection.
The product goodness rate is detected according to the enterprise standard requirement, the enterprise standard requirement of general ceramic products is higher than the row standard, and the row standard requirement is higher than the national standard.
Serial number Flashing effect Antifouling properties Wear resistance Flexural strength (MPa) Water absorption (%) Product goodness (%)
Example 1 Good taste Class A Grade 5 48 0.023 96.6
Example 2 Good taste Class A Grade 5 45 0.029 96.8
Example 3 Good taste Class A Grade 5 49 0.026 96.2
Comparative example 1 Is preferably used Class A Grade 5 36 0.028 -
Comparative example 2 Good taste Class B 4 stage 43 0.56 -
According to the performance measurement results, the porcelain archaized brick with the golden flash effect and the preparation method thereof can completely fuse the golden flash glaze and the transparent polished glaze together, and can form a polished glaze layer with the glittering golden material completely fused after polishing, and compared with a common polished glaze brick, the porcelain archaized brick has the following characteristics: the printing of the glittering golden color is combined with the color and the texture of the product, the product has impact force on the level and the vision, the glittering golden glaze and the glaze polishing are sintered and fused once, and the glittering golden glaze has the advantages of wear resistance and durability, richer pattern levels, more natural textures and stronger three-dimensional sense; the prepared porcelain archaized brick with the golden glittering effect has the advantages of A-grade antifouling performance, 5-grade wear resistance, high breaking strength, qualified water absorption rate and good three-dimensional transparent glittering effect. In addition, the high-temperature firing temperature of the flashing glaze can be changed by adjusting the adding proportion of the flashing material A and the flashing material B, so that the glaze surface is more transparent and the flashing effect is more obvious. If only the glittering material A is added, the glittering effect and the breaking strength are not ideal; all the glittering materials B are good in glittering effect, but the antifouling property and the wear resistance are somewhat poor, and the water absorption rate is also somewhat higher, so that the proper proportion of the glittering materials A and the glittering materials B in the golden glittering glaze is required to be adjusted.
Although the invention has been described in detail hereinabove with respect to a general description and specific embodiments thereof, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications or improvements may be made thereto based on the invention. Accordingly, such modifications and improvements are intended to be within the scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (7)

1. The porcelain archaized brick with the golden flashing effect is characterized in that the golden flashing glaze used by the porcelain archaized brick with the golden flashing effect is composed of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 880, stamp-pad ink: 45-50 parts of a flash material A: 40-45 parts of a flash material B: 8-15 parts;
the 880 stamp-pad ink consists of the following raw materials in parts by weight: water: 83-86 parts of a lubricant; sodium carboxymethylcellulose: 5.0-8.0 parts; ethylene glycol: 5-8 parts; acrylic acid copolymer: 0.5-1.5 parts; polyurethane: 1-2 parts; isothiazolinone: 1-2 parts; sodium polycarboxylate: 2-3 parts of a solvent;
the glittering material A is used for adjusting the glittering effect of the golden glittering glaze; the glittering material A comprises the following chemical components in percentage by weight: loss on ignition: 0 to 1.00 percent; SiO 2: 0 to 0.2 percent; al2O 3: 0 to 0.01 percent; CaO: 0 to 0.01 percent; P2O 5: 0 to 0.2 percent; SO 3: 0 to 0.2 percent; TiO 2: 95-99%;
the glittering material B is used for adjusting the glittering effect of the golden glittering glaze and the high-temperature firing temperature of the golden glittering glaze, so that the golden glittering glaze and the transparent polished glaze are completely melted, the smoothness of the glaze surface is kept, and the manufactured porcelain archaized brick finished product has antifouling, wear-resisting and durable performances; the glittering material B comprises the following chemical components in percentage by weight: loss on ignition: 0 to 1.5 percent; SiO 2: 0 to 3.0 percent; al2O 3: 0 to 0.3 percent; CaO: 0 to 0.01 percent; P2O 5: 0 to 0.01 percent; SO 3: 0 to 0.5 percent; TiO 2: 78-85%; PbO: 10.0-18.0%; as2O 3: 0 to 0.15 percent; ZnO: 3.0-6.15%; ZrO 2: 6.0 to 8.25 percent.
2. The porcelain archaized tile with gold sparkling effect according to claim 1, wherein said 880 stamp-pad ink flow rate is between 18-25 seconds.
3. The ceramic archaizing tile with golden glittering effect according to claim 1, wherein the ceramic archaizing tile with golden glittering effect comprises from bottom to top in sequence: the glaze comprises a blank body, a high white base glaze layer, an ink-jet printing layer, a glaze polishing layer and a fusion layer, wherein the golden glitter glaze and the glaze polishing layer are completely fused together.
4. The porcelain archaized tile with gold glittering effect according to claim 3, wherein the high white ground glaze layer is fired from a high white ground glaze having the following chemical composition: loss of ignition by weight percent: 7.0-8.5%; SiO 2: 45-49 percent; al2O 3: 22-26%; fe2O 3: 0.1-0.5%; TiO 2: 0.05-0.3%; CaO: 6.3-8.8%; MgO: 3.3-3.8%; K2O: 2.3-2.8%; na 2O: 0.2-0.5%; ZnO: 0.7-1.10%; ZrO 2: 4 to 5.11 percent.
5. The porcelain archaized tile with gold glittering effect according to claim 3, wherein the glaze polishing layer is formed by firing a glaze polishing having the following chemical composition: loss of ignition by weight percent: 3.5-4.0%; SiO 2: 50-58%; al2O 3: 18-23%; fe2O 3: 0.1-0.5%; TiO 2: 0.05-0.2%; CaO: 10.0-16.5%; MgO: 5.2-8.0%; K2O: 0.5-0.8%; na 2O: 0.0-0.15%; ZnO: 3.5-7.00%; ZrO 2: 0.03 to 0.1 percent.
6. The method for preparing the porcelain archaized brick with the golden glittering effect according to any one of claims 1 to 5, which comprises the following steps:
(1) applying high white ground coat on the blank to form a high white ground coat layer, wherein the glazing technological parameters of the high white ground coat are as follows: the specific gravity of the glaze water is controlled to be 1.45-1.50, and the glazing amount is as follows: 660-720 g/m 2;
(2) ink-jet printing, namely forming an ink-jet printing layer on the high-white base glaze layer;
(3) pouring and polishing glaze, forming a polishing glaze layer on the ink-jet printing layer, wherein the glaze polishing technological parameters of polishing glaze are as follows: the specific gravity of the glaze water is controlled to be 1.75-1.85, and the glazing amount can be 580-620 g/m 2;
(4) printing the gold flashing glaze material on the surface of the tile sprayed with the glaze through screen printing, and then sending the tile to a firing process to obtain the porcelain archaized tile with the gold flashing effect.
7. The method for preparing the porcelain archaized brick with the golden glittering effect according to claim 6, wherein the temperature of the firing process in the step (4) is controlled to be 1190-1210 ℃, and the firing time is 60-65 min.
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CN109761649A (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-05-17 东莞市唯美装饰材料有限公司 A kind of slate Ceramic Tiles and preparation method thereof with diamond luster effect
CN110078501A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-08-02 佛山市蓝瓷创陶科技有限公司 A kind of full preparation method for throwing flash of light crystal sand glaze Imitation Rock Porcelain Tiles

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CN201809293U (en) * 2010-10-13 2011-04-27 广东道氏标准制釉股份有限公司 Ceramic glazed brick with glitter effect
CN201883642U (en) * 2010-11-17 2011-06-29 广东道氏标准制釉股份有限公司 Glazed tile with metal effect
CN105175022A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-12-23 广东博华陶瓷有限公司 Glisten glaze ceramic tile
CN106278387A (en) * 2016-08-15 2017-01-04 广东宏宇新型材料有限公司 There is glazed tile of gold decorative effect and preparation method thereof on surface
CN106565281A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-04-19 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 Fully-polished-glaze ceramic tile with metal particles and metallic luster and manufacturing method thereof
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CN109761649A (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-05-17 东莞市唯美装饰材料有限公司 A kind of slate Ceramic Tiles and preparation method thereof with diamond luster effect
CN110078501A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-08-02 佛山市蓝瓷创陶科技有限公司 A kind of full preparation method for throwing flash of light crystal sand glaze Imitation Rock Porcelain Tiles

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