CN105900940B - Method for quickly plucking cocoon - Google Patents

Method for quickly plucking cocoon Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105900940B
CN105900940B CN201610239839.XA CN201610239839A CN105900940B CN 105900940 B CN105900940 B CN 105900940B CN 201610239839 A CN201610239839 A CN 201610239839A CN 105900940 B CN105900940 B CN 105900940B
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China
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straw
cocoon
small bundle
rectangular small
bar
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CN201610239839.XA
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CN105900940A (en
Inventor
王月兰
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Fengyang ruitailai glass products Co., Ltd
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Ningxia Tian Green Health Intellectual Property Operation Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811344139.2A priority Critical patent/CN109392849B/en
Priority to CN201811344140.5A priority patent/CN109392850A/en
Priority to CN201610239839.XA priority patent/CN105900940B/en
Publication of CN105900940A publication Critical patent/CN105900940A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New or modified breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • A01K67/04Silkworms

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of methods for quickly plucking cocoon, a rectangular small bundle of straw is removed and then is inserted to from the cone-shaped bundle of straw on the clamping device for plucking cocoon equipment, subsequent first driving mechanism, which drives, plucks cocoon comb downlink until the lower end of comb teeth drops down onto counterbore, then the second driving mechanism drive pluck cocoon comb to far from clamping device side movement carry out plucking cocoon, a rectangular small bundle of straw is removed after plucking cocoon, the first and second driving mechanism drives cocoon-picking machine structure to be resetted after removing a rectangular small bundle of straw, and the cocoon of plucking for being prepared as a next rectangular small bundle of straw is prepared.Above-mentioned offer technical solution can effectively improve the convenience of silkworm cultivation.

Description

Method for quickly plucking cocoon
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural productions, and in particular to a method of for quickly plucking cocoon.
Background technique
Silkworm is traditional agriculture economy, is widely cultivated on Anhui Yuexi and other places.Silkworm cultivation is arduous, more especially The silkworm cultivation of big kind of amount needs to pluck daily thousands of kilograms of mulberry leaf, and general silkworm is that summer silkworm cultivates the most extensively, the cultivation of summer silkworm Seasonal weather is hot, therefore takes the mode that silkworm is laid in cement flooring (shakedown) to cultivate mostly, passes through ground Low temperature cools down, and prevents overheat so that silkworm is sick.Since silkworm is laid in ground, and hot climate, therefore generally will The branch and mulberry leaf one of mulberry leaf are reinstated scissors and are cut, and such priming leaf efficiency can trim mulberry leaf while raising.It cuts Branch, which is laid on ground, carries out paving leaf so that silkworm is edible.The cone-shaped bundle of straw after silkworm full age (matured silkworm) by rice straw establishment tiles On silkworm, the silkworm of such full age is climbed to carrying out doing cocoon on the cone-shaped bundle of straw.Which is although easy to operate, but there is following lack Point.
1, silkworm has that part is sick when doing cocoon, these silkworms to die of illness can rot on the cone-shaped bundle of straw, and rotten smell is to being plucked Cocoon brings difficulty, and secondly rotten silkworm corpse can pollute silk cocoon, brings difficulty to the work of subsequent filature.
2, secondly as silkworm faeces and not edible mulberry shoot, mulberry leaf and ground that cone-shaped bundle of straw tiling on the ground, is accumulated on ground Face resurgence acts on meeting so that silk cocoon is moist, be easy bad cocoon (silk cocoon just cocoond, silkworm necrosis in silk cocoon, cause silk cocoon without With), moist silk cocoon is packed together and can turn yellow after plucking cocoon.
3, the cocoon operation rice straw of plucking of traditional cone-shaped bundle of straw is easy to scratch hand, and it is extremely low to pluck cocoon efficiency, especially large batch of mulberry Silkworm cultivation, needs a large amount of personnel in a short time to take silk cocoon, palm is not easy to clean after plucking cocoon, remains different when plucking cocoon The cone-shaped bundle of straw of taste, rice straw composition is used only once, and can not be recycled, and the braiding of the stalk cone-shaped bundle of straw is complicated, and after use The cone-shaped bundle of straw can only carry out burning disposal, pollute environment.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a technical solutions, are at least able to solve an above-mentioned problem, for big rule The cultivation of mould silkworm is brought convenience.
To achieve the above object, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A method of it is operated for quickly plucking cocoon, including as follows:
A rectangular small bundle of straw is removed and then is inserted to from the cone-shaped bundle of straw on the clamping device for plucking cocoon equipment, subsequent first driving mechanism is driven Make to pluck cocoon comb downlink until the lower end of comb teeth drops down onto counterbore, then the second driving mechanism, which drives, plucks cocoon and comb to far from clamping device Side movement carries out plucking cocoon, removes a rectangular small bundle of straw after plucking cocoon, the first and second driving mechanism drives cocoon-picking machine after removing a rectangular small bundle of straw Structure is resetted, and the cocoon of plucking for being prepared as a next rectangular small bundle of straw is prepared;
Plucking cocoon equipment includes rack, and the clamping device for gripping a rectangular small bundle of straw, clamping device are provided in rack The cocoon-picking machine structure extractd of the silk cocoon that is provided on a square shaped small bundle of straw of side, a rectangular small bundle of straw is vertical, and shape is detachable grips On clamping device;A rectangular small bundle of straw includes the frame of the rectangle of vertical shape arrangement, and a side surface of frame is equipped with installation net, installs The mesh of net is rectangle, and installation net is made of the vertical screw rod of interlaced arrangement and horizontal hair bar, indulges the net knot of screw rod and the handover of horizontal hair bar Plastic bar is respectively set at point, the silkworm net being laid on the inside wire side of net for silkworm cultivation is installed, silkworm net and plastic bar are split In the two sides of installation net, silkworm net and frame combination constitute the silkworm culture zone of shallow trough shape, and frame is by upper and lower horizontally disposed the One, two bars and left and right third and fourth bar for arranging vertically, which enclose, is constituted, and the second bar is located at the downside of the first bar, and second Be provided in bar be disposed to extend obliquely climb up the plastic strip that a rectangular small bundle of straw do cocoon, plastic strip for the silkworm on ground It is arranged along the second bar interval;The section of first and second bar is rectangle, setting guiding raised line on the upper surface of the first bar, the Guiding groove is opened up on the lower surface of two bars, guiding groove is dovetail groove, is oriented to the section of raised line and the vallecular cavity of guiding groove Section is consistent;The length direction of the length direction for being oriented to raised line, the length direction for being oriented to groove and the first and second bar is kept Unanimously;
Cocoon-picking machine structure includes plucking cocoon comb, plucks cocoon comb and is slidably mounted on movable support along vertical direction, sets on movable support It is equipped with driving and plucks the first driving mechanism that cocoon comb moves up and down, movable support is slidably installed on the rack in the horizontal direction, rack On be provided with the second driving mechanism for driving movable support to move horizontally;Plucking cocoon comb includes horizontally disposed pecten, pecten and folder The parallel arrangement of a rectangular small bundle of straw in mechanism is held, the comb teeth of interval setting strip, comb teeth extend downwardly on pecten on pecten The number of setting, comb teeth is consistent with the installation mesh number of net uniline, comb teeth arrangement corresponding with the mesh of installation net, comb teeth Length is greater than the height of a rectangular small bundle of straw, plucks cocoon comb in two states, one is the peace of the rectangular small bundle of straw on clamping device Dress net mutually reclines with projection of the comb teeth in same level, the first driving mechanism drives and plucks the preparation position that cocoon comb moves up and down; Secondly are as follows: the second driving mechanism drives comb teeth to carrying out mobile plucking cocoon position far from and close to rectangular small bundle of straw side;
Clamping device includes the first and second clamping piece of the strip being arranged parallel above and below, the first and second clamping piece pair A rectangular small bundle of straw is fixed, and a rectangular small bundle of straw is along the length direction insertion clamping device of the first and second clamping piece and out of clamping device It takes out, the retaining mechanism for locking a rectangular small bundle of straw is provided in first clamping member or the second clamping piece;
First clamping member is located at the top of the second clamping piece, and first clamping member includes the first square pole that section is rectangle, Second clamping piece includes the second square pole that section is rectangle, on the lower surface of the upper surface of the first square pole and the second square pole It is respectively arranged with limit raised line, the length direction for limiting raised line is consistent with the length direction of the first and second square pole, limits raised line Width less than the first and second square pole width;The lower surface setting of first square pole constitutes slide-and-guide with guiding raised line and matches The guide groove of conjunction, the upper surface setting of the second square pole constitute the gib block of slide-and-guide cooperation with guiding groove;
The width of first and second bar is consistent with the width of the first and second square pole, and center line, the guiding for being oriented to raised line are recessed The center line of slot, the center line for limiting the center line of raised line, the center line of guide groove, the center line of gib block, the first and second rod piece And first and second the center line of square pole be respectively positioned on same vertical guide.
The technical solution of above-mentioned offer at least can be realized one or several following advantages:
1, an above-mentioned rectangular small bundle of straw its can recycle, avoiding requiring a great deal of time when silkworm is aging weaves stalk The cone-shaped bundle of straw reduces the labor intensity of silkworm cultivation, especially large batch of sericulture.
2, silkworm is cooked cocoon on the cone-shaped bundle of straw, when matured silkworm climbs up a rectangular small bundle of straw 3~4 days, by push rod push a rectangular small bundle of straw into The swing of row by a small margin, the also unputrefied silkworm that dies of illness in this way will fall, the silkworm pollution that would not be rotted on such cone-shaped bundle of straw, Convenient for plucking cocoon.
3, after silkworm climbs up the cone-shaped bundle of straw 5 days, rack is integrally moved up, so that a rectangular small bundle of straw mutually separates with sericulture area earth's surface, The air of small bundle of straw lower part rectangular in this way can circulate, and avoid silk cocoon moist and substantially reduce the probability of bad cocoon.
4, a rectangular small bundle of straw is removed when plucking cocoon, it, can be by plucking cocoon due to there is no silkworm necrosis on a rectangular small bundle of straw Equipment disposably plucks cocoon, and cocoon efficiency is plucked in raising, and especially large batch of sericulture, labor intensity and cost are greatly reduced in diameter.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of the cone-shaped bundle of straw;
Fig. 2 is that silkworm combs the assembling schematic diagram in mounting bracket;
Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the side view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the main view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the assembling schematic diagram of push rod and installing frame;
Fig. 7 is the assembling schematic diagram of a rectangular small bundle of straw and installing frame;
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram for the rearing shed that the splicing of a rectangular small bundle of straw is cultivated as silkworm;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of a rectangular small bundle of straw;
Figure 10 is the side view of Fig. 9;
Figure 11 is arrangement schematic diagram of the plastic strip in the second bar;
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram for plucking cocoon equipment;
Figure 13 is the main view of Figure 12;
Figure 14 is the side view of Figure 12;
Figure 15 is the structural schematic diagram of cocoon-picking machine structure;
Figure 16 is the side view of Figure 15;
Figure 17 is to pluck cocoon to comb the assembling schematic diagram on movable support;
Figure 18 is the structural schematic diagram that cocoon comb is plucked in removal in Figure 17;
Figure 19 is the structural schematic diagram of clamping device;
Figure 20 is the schematic cross-sectional view of clamping device;
Figure 21 is the side view of Figure 20;
Figure 22 is enlarged diagram at the A in Figure 21;
Figure 23 is the top view of guide plate and bottom plate;
Figure 24 is the structural schematic diagram for plucking cocoon comb;
Figure 25 is the arrangement schematic diagram for plucking cocoon comb and a rectangular small bundle of straw;
Figure 26 is enlarged diagram at the B in Figure 25;
Figure 27 is the cross-sectional view of a rectangular small bundle of straw.
Specific embodiment
In order to which objects and advantages of the present invention are more clearly understood, the present invention is carried out specifically with reference to embodiments It is bright.It should be appreciated that following text is only used to describe one or more of specific embodiments of the invention, not to the present invention The protection scope specifically requested carries out considered critical.
The present invention provides a kind of agricultural production equipment, refer to and a kind of mulberry cone-shaped bundle of straw that the silkworm spins its cocoon be provided, it is specific as Fig. 1,2, 3, shown in 4,5,6,7,9,10,11,12, including silkworm frame 10, it is provided with a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 for vertical shape arrangement on silkworm frame 10 and uses In the fixation bracket 20 for gripping a rectangular small bundle of straw 30, a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 constitutes detachable connection cooperation with fixed bracket 20, A rectangular small bundle of straw 30 arranges shape and is mounted on fixed bracket 20, and a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 includes the frame of the rectangle of vertical shape arrangement, frame One side surface is equipped with installation and nets 31A, and the mesh of installation net 31A is rectangle, and installation nets 31A by the vertical screw rod and cross of interlaced arrangement Screw rod is constituted, and plastic bar 311 is respectively set at the net node of vertical screw rod and the handover of horizontal hair bar, (the shaft whole position of plastic bar 311 In the outside of jamb surface) silkworm net 31B, silkworm net 31B and modeling for silkworm cultivation are laid on the inside wire side of installation net 31A Material bar 311 be placed in installation net 31A two sides, silkworm net 31B and frame combination constitute shallow trough shape silkworm culture zone, frame by Upper and lower horizontally disposed first and second bar and left and right third and fourth bar arranged vertically are enclosed and are constituted, the second bar 301 In be provided on the downside of the first bar, the second bar 301 be disposed to extend obliquely climb up rectangular silkworm for the silkworm on ground A small bundle of straw, etc. for silkworms to spin cocoons on 30 do the plastic strip 312 of cocoon, and plastic strip 312 is spaced along the second bar 301 to be arranged;The section of first and second bar is square Shape, setting guiding raised line 30a on the upper surface of the first bar open up guiding groove 30b on the lower surface of the second bar 301, lead It is dovetail groove to groove 30b, the section for being oriented to raised line 30a is consistent with the guiding vallecular cavity section of groove 30b;It is oriented to raised line 30a Length direction, be oriented to the length direction of groove 30b and the length direction of the first and second bar is consistent;
Fixed bracket 20 includes the first and second crossbeam 201,202 being arranged parallel above and below, the first and second crossbeam 201, Be provided with the " Fang " shape installing frame 21 for fixing a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 between 202, installing frame 21 along the first and second crossbeam 201, 202 length direction interval setting, installing frame 21 include the first and second fixing piece being arranged parallel above and below, the first fixing piece 211 are constituted for the groove profile part for constituting slide-and-guide cooperation with guiding raised line 30a of strip, and the second fixing piece 212 is strip Bar rod piece for constituting slide-and-guide cooperation with guiding groove 30b constitute, the same side end of the first and second fixing piece passes through connecting rod 213 are linked together, and the locking assembly for locking a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 is provided on the first fixing piece 211, the first fixing piece 211 Middle part is rotatably assorted with the composition of first crossbeam 201 on the upside of it by first rotating shaft 215 and is connect, the middle part of the second fixing piece 212 It is rotatably assorted and is connect with the composition of second cross beam 202 on the downside of it by the second shaft 216, the first and second shaft is along same plumb line Arrangement fixes on bracket 20 and is additionally provided with push rod 40, and push rod 40 is parallel to the first and second crossbeam 201,202 arrangement, the bar of push rod 40 Pilot hole is arranged in uniform intervals with it, the first articulated shaft 214 is respectively set on each installing frame 21, the first articulated shaft 214 is along vertical Direction arrangement, each installing frame 21 are articulated and connected by the first articulated shaft 214, pilot hole and push rod 40 respectively.The net of installation net 31A The silk cocoon that the size in hole can meet normal size just passes through, and plastic bar 311 and installation net 31A are integrated (injection molding) forming Plastic part is constituted, and in this way after silkworm is aging, the cone-shaped bundle of straw is laid on to the top of silkworm culture zone, so that plastic strip 312 and silkworm The earth's surface joint of culture zone, such silkworm climb up along plastic strip 312, climb to carrying out doing cocoon on a rectangular small bundle of straw 30, above-mentioned The cone-shaped bundle of straw of offer can be recycled, and weave a small bundle of straw when needing not wait for matured silkworm again, reduce labor intensity, avoid burning pollute and Reduce sericulture cost and plucks cocoon operation convenient for subsequent.Plastic bar 311 and plastic strip 312 are made of the plastic tube of elasticity, It can restore after plastic tube bending and (elastic deformation occur).Locking assembly can be the limit that is arranged on the slot bottom of groove profile part insertion end The shifting that a vallecular cavity square shaped small bundle of straw 30 was locked and removed to a square shaped small bundle of straw 30 in the vallecular cavity of groove profile part can be inserted in pin, spacer pin It is avoided out).It is climbed up after a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 cooked cocoon 3~4 days in matured silkworm, pushes a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 to carry out slightly by push rod 40 The swing of degree avoids dead silkworm from rotting on the cone-shaped bundle of straw so that the silkworm to die of illness falls, and pollution silk cocoon and influences subsequent quickly to pluck Cocoon.Silkworm net 31B refers to that the net in traditional operation for silkworm cultivation, silkworm net 31B used herein are the sieve of mesh very little, silkworm net The mesh of 31B can not at least make second of young silkworm after sleeping of waking up pass through.
Further scheme is, as shown in Fig. 4,5,6,7,8, silkworm frame 10 includes positioned at the of fixed 20 two sides of bracket One, two mounting base, the first and second mounting base include the column 12 being arranged on pedestal 11 and pedestal 11, are provided on column 12 along lead The sliding slot for direction arrangement of hanging down, the both ends of fixed bracket 20 are provided with sliding block 203, sliding block 203 and sliding slot and constitute along vertical direction Slide-and-guide cooperation, the trench bottom of sliding slot are additionally provided with jack 121, and jack 121 is arranged along trench bottom interval, plug in jack 121 It is used to support the spacer pin 122 of fixed sliding block 203.In this way after silkworm climbs up the cone-shaped bundle of straw 5 days, fixed 20 entirety of bracket is moved up, So that a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 mutually separates with sericulture area earth's surface, the air of such lower part can circulate, and avoid silk cocoon moist, bad cocoon Rate reduces by 80% or more.
As shown in figure 11, when doing cocoon, to guarantee that matured silkworm reliably climbs up a rectangular small bundle of straw 30, regulate and control plastic strip 312 and ground Angle be 30~45 °, climb up a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 in this way convenient for silkworm, avoid some matured silkworms that from can not climbing up the cone-shaped bundle of straw and do cocoon.Plastics The surface of item 312 is provided with indentation, increases the adhesive force of silkworm.In addition, the setting of silkworm net 31B allows a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 two With, in young silkworm rearing season, as shown in Figure 7,8, splices the young silkworm that a rectangular small bundle of straw is used for after second of dormancy of waking up as rearing shed and cultivate, reduction bamboo The quantity of plaque rearing shed reduces cost, and concatenation is will be on the guiding raised line and an another rectangular small bundle of straw on a rectangular small bundle of straw Guiding groove is assembled.The rearing shed of splicing can dismantle to as the cone-shaped bundle of straw the silkworm spins its cocoon for ripe after matured silkworm, dual-use material, save at This.The setting of silkworm net 31B simultaneously can do cocoon in installation net 31A mesh to avoid silkworm and be conducive to matured silkworm on a rectangular small bundle of straw Attachment, quickly pluck cocoon convenient for subsequent.
As shown in figure 8, the height (spacing between third and fourth bar) of a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 should not be arranged it is larger, therefore When as rearing shed, the both ends of a horizontally disposed rectangular small bundle of straw 30 are ridden upon respectively on the first crossbeam of two silkworm framves 10, it is adjacent A rectangular small bundle of straw 30 is integrated by guiding groove 30b and guiding raised line 30a occlusion splicing, and young silkworm is then laid in a rectangular small bundle of straw Silkworm culture zone on 30 is cultivated.
The present invention also provides one kind to pluck device of cocoon, specific as shown in Figure 12,13,14,15,16, including rack, in rack It is provided with the clamping device 60 for gripping a rectangular small bundle of straw 30, the side of clamping device 60 is provided on a square shaped small bundle of straw 30 The cocoon-picking machine structure 70 extractd of silk cocoon, a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 stands that shape is detachable to be clamped on clamping device 60;It is rectangular A small bundle of straw 30 includes the frame of the rectangle of vertical shape arrangement, and a side surface of frame is equipped with installation net 31A, the mesh of installation net 31A For rectangle, installation net 31A is made of the vertical screw rod of interlaced arrangement and horizontal hair bar, indulges the net node punishment of screw rod and the handover of horizontal hair bar Not She Zhi plastic bar 311, installation net 31A inside wire side on be laid with for silkworm cultivation silkworm net 31B, silkworm net 31B and plastics Bar 311 be placed in installation net 31A two sides, silkworm net 31B and frame combination constitute shallow trough shape silkworm culture zone, frame by it is upper, Under horizontally disposed first and second bar and left and right third and fourth bar for arranging vertically enclose and constitute, the second bar 301 is located at the The downside of one bar, be provided in the second bar 301 be disposed to extend obliquely climb up a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 for the silkworm on ground Do the plastic strip 312 of cocoon, plastic strip 312 is spaced along the second bar 301 to be arranged;The section of first and second bar is rectangle, the Setting is oriented to raised line 30a on the upper surface of one bar, and guiding groove 30b is opened up on the lower surface of the second bar 301, is oriented to groove 30b is dovetail groove, and the section for being oriented to raised line 30a is consistent with the guiding vallecular cavity section of groove 30b;It is oriented to the length of raised line 30a The length direction in direction, the length direction for being oriented to groove 30b and the first and second bar is consistent;
Cocoon-picking machine structure 70 includes plucking cocoon comb 77, plucks cocoon comb 77 and is slidably mounted on movable support along vertical direction, activity branch It is provided with driving on frame and plucks the first driving mechanism that cocoon comb 77 moves up and down, the first driving mechanism can be the cylinder of vertical shape arrangement It constitutes.Movable support is slidably installed on the rack in the horizontal direction, is provided in rack 50 and movable support is driven to move horizontally Second driving mechanism;Plucking cocoon comb 77 includes horizontally disposed pecten 771, the rectangular small bundle of straw 30 on pecten 771 and clamping device 60 Parallel arrangement, the comb teeth 772 of interval setting strip, comb teeth 772 extend downwardly setting on pecten 771 on pecten 771, comb The number of tooth 772 is consistent with the installation net mesh number of 31A uniline, the arrangement corresponding with the installation net mesh of 31A of comb teeth 772, The length of comb teeth 772 is greater than the height of a rectangular small bundle of straw 30, plucks cocoon comb 77 in two states, one is to form on clamping device A rectangular small bundle of straw 30 installation net 31A mutually recline with projection of the comb teeth 772 in same level (close to reclining), the first driving machine Structure, which drives, plucks the preparation position that cocoon comb 77 moves up and down (the direction f2 in Figure 25 is moved);Secondly are as follows: the second driving mechanism Drive comb teeth 772 to far from and close to rectangular 30 side of a small bundle of straw carry out mobile (the direction f3 in Figure 25 is moved) pluck cocoon Position.(the second driving mechanism can be constituted for cylinder, feed screw nut's driving mechanism, chain drive mechanism etc.);It is above-mentioned by being arranged Cocoon equipment is plucked, the rectangular small bundle of straw 30 for tying full cocoon is plugged on clamping device 60 in this way, is driven by the first driving mechanism and plucks cocoon Comb 77 downlinks, comb teeth 772 is inserted between plastic bar 311 and makes comb teeth 772 and frame mutually close to reclining, 772 downlink of comb teeth After in place, the second driving mechanism drives comb teeth 772 mobile to the side far from clamping device 60, thus by a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 Silk cocoon is taken, and realizes and quickly plucks cocoon.
Further embodiment, as shown in Figure 19,20,21,22,23, clamping device 60 includes being arranged parallel above and below First and second clamping piece 61,62 of strip, the first and second clamping piece 61, a 62 square shaped small bundle of straw 30 are fixed, a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 Clamping device 60 is inserted into along the length direction (the direction f1 in Figure 14) of the first and second clamping piece 61,62 and out of clamping device 60 It takes out, the retaining mechanism for locking a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 is provided in first clamping member 61 or the second clamping piece 62.
As shown in Figure 16,17,18, first clamping member 61 is located at the top of the second clamping piece 62, and first clamping member 61 includes Section be rectangle the first square pole, the second clamping piece 62 include section be rectangle the second square pole, the first square pole it is upper Be respectively arranged on surface and the lower surface of the second square pole limit raised line 60a, limit raised line 60a length direction and first, The length direction of two square poles is consistent, limits width of the width less than the first and second square pole of raised line 60a;First square pole Lower surface setting with guiding raised line 30a constitute slide-and-guide cooperation guide groove 61a, the second square pole upper surface setting with It is oriented to the gib block 62a that groove 30b constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation;The width of the width of first and second bar and the first and second square pole It is consistent, the center line for being oriented to raised line 30a, the center line for being oriented to groove 30b, center line, the guide groove 61a for limiting raised line 60a Center line, the center line of gib block 62a, the center line of the first and second rod piece and the first and second square pole center line be respectively positioned on On same vertical guide.Retaining mechanism can be the spacer pin that is arranged on the slot bottom of guide groove 61a insertion end, and spacer pin, which can be inserted, leads The removal that a square shaped small bundle of straw 30 was limited and removed a vallecular cavity square shaped small bundle of straw 30 into the vallecular cavity of slot 61a is avoided.It is above-mentioned A rectangular small bundle of straw 30 after clamping device 60 can quickly be inserted into the rectangular small bundle of straw 30 wait pluck cocoon and will pluck cocoon removes, and cocoon is plucked in raising Efficiency.The implementation of retaining mechanism, locking assembly, those of ordinary skill in the art can also choose according to its function and currently exist Other schemes that the plate in card slot is locked implement.
The setting of movable support is specific as shown in Figure 15,16,17,18,21,22,23,24,25,26, and movable support includes The first and second guide rod 79 and horizontally disposed guide plate 75, the bottom plate 76 arranged vertically, guide plate 75 be located at bottom plate 76 just on Side and be arranged parallel, guide plate 75, bottom plate 76 both ends be connected respectively with the first and second guide rod 79, pecten 771 is located at The top of guide plate 75 offers the through-hole passed through for comb teeth 772 on guide plate 75, is provided on bottom plate 76 for comb teeth 772 Lower end insertion counterbore, through-hole, counterbore respectively with 772 upper and lower corresponding of comb teeth arrange, (through-hole along guide plate 75 center line according to Minor tick setting, counterbore are successively spaced setting along the center line of bottom plate 76), the level of through-hole, the shape of counterbore and comb teeth 772 is cut Face shape is consistent, and the lower face height of guide plate 75 is consistent with the upper level of the first square pole, the upper plate of bottom plate 76 Face height is consistent with the lower surface of the second square pole height, and through-hole (is parallel to the first and second clamping piece away from 75 edge of guide plate 61, the edge of 62 length directions) spacing and counterbore away from 76 edge of bottom plate (be parallel to the first and second clamping piece 61,62 length sides To edge) spacing be d2, limit raised line 60a and away from the first and second square pole edge (be parallel to the first and second rectangular pole length The edge in direction) spacing be d1, d1=d2.
The key for quickly plucking cocoon is to guarantee that comb teeth 772 can be inserted into a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 against the wire side of installation net 31A.Limit The setting of position raised line 60a, enables movable support accurate positionin when moving horizontally.The width of first and second body of rod and first, The width of two square poles is consistent, such comb teeth 772 recline the first and second square pole downlink when, the lower end of comb teeth 772 will not be made It inserts flat silk cocoon, push silk cocoon downlink that the lower end of comb teeth 772 is prevented to drop down onto counterbore and draw random plastic bar that silk, silk cocoon are existed It knots on a rectangular small bundle of straw 30.By the setting of above-mentioned location fit and connection relationship, the thickness of comb teeth 772 is smaller, avoids silkworm Cocoon is located at a possibility that 772 underface of comb teeth, and when comb teeth 772 is inserted into a rectangular small bundle of straw 30, silk cocoon can be pushed outward by comb teeth 772 Side is mobile, so that the lower end of comb teeth 772 reliably drops down onto counterbore, improves the reliability for plucking cocoon.Meanwhile the activity of above structure Bracket can maintain the vertical bar shape of comb teeth 772 for a long time, and avoiding comb teeth 772 from being influenced run-off the straight or deformation by external force leads to downlink It can not be in place.
Movable support further includes the mounting plate of the top setting of guide plate 75, and pecten 771 is located at mounting plate and guide plate 75 Between, the first driving mechanism is made of the first driving cylinder that the vertical shape being arranged on mounting plate is arranged, the work of the first driving cylinder Stopper rod is connected with pecten 771.First and second guide rod 79 is identical, and the first guide rod is by the first body of rod section 791 for arranging above and below It is constituted with the second body of rod section 792, the diameter of the first body of rod section 791 is greater than the diameter of the second body of rod section 792, the both ends of pecten 771 (passing through the pilot hole 773 being arranged thereon) and the second body of rod section constitute slide-and-guide and are cooperatively connected, the first body of rod section and guide plate The height of spacing and comb teeth 772 between 75 lower faces is consistent.The guide rod that first body of rod section and the second body of rod section are constituted The uplink of comb teeth 772 can be limited, 772 lower end of comb teeth is avoided to be detached from the accurate uplink and downlink to comb teeth 772 from through-hole It has an impact.
In addition, being provided with the first slide rail group 51, second for being from top to bottom sequentially arranged and being parallel to each other on installation silkworm frame 10 Slide rail group 52, third slide rail group 53 are respectively set and respectively form slide-and-guide mating connection in first, second and third slide rail group First, second and third sliding block group, the both ends of mounting plate 74 are fixed in the first sliding block group 71, and the both ends of guide plate 75 are fixed on second In sliding block group 72, the both ends of bottom plate 76 are fixed in third sliding block group 73.Two groups of clamping devices 60 can be set in rack 50, two Movable support is respectively set in the outside of group clamping device 60.Once two rectangular colleagues of a small bundle of straw 30 can be carried out plucking cocoon in this way, Cocoon efficiency is plucked in raising.The movement of movable support is more steady simultaneously, will not shake because cocoon operation is plucked.
It is consistent to be oriented to raised line, gib block, the cross sectional shape of the second fixing piece;It is oriented to groove, the first fixing piece, guide groove The vallecular cavity cross sectional shape of three is consistent.
In addition, control device can be arranged in rack 50, it is arranged what a square shaped small bundle of straw 30 was detected on clamping device 60 Detection sensor (detection sensor can open the light for Photoelectric Detection), the signal that control device receives detection sensor input are divided The operating status of analysis processing and the first and second driving mechanism of structure regulating according to analysis processing.
Comb teeth 772 is made of charing bamboo chip, and charing bamboo chip is produced to obtain with the following method: the bamboo chip of well cutting is put into 1~2d is impregnated in mildew-retarding liquid, soaked bamboo chip taking-up dries, is then placed in retort, opens steam valve, reach pressure 0.16MPa or so carbonizes 2h, dries bamboo chip so that moisture content is down within 8% after charing, is processed by shot blasting after drying; In mildew-retarding liquid containing 5~8% sodium pyrosulfite, 1~1.5% (weight percent) mould inhibitor.The comb teeth of above-mentioned composition 772, intensity well can be to avoid deformation occurs in motion process, and has the effect of mould proof, can be used for a long time.In addition above-mentioned The outer surface of comb teeth 772 is smooth, good to the protectiveness of silk in this way, and fracture of wire is avoided to have an impact subsequent silk cocoon filature.
Using it is above-mentioned pluck device of cocoon and pluck cocoon and relative to tradition pluck cocoon mode and can be improved pluck 10 times of cocoon efficiency or more, have Effect solves the problems, such as that concentration is needed to pluck cocoon, reduction labor intensity in short-term.
The method that silkworm cultivation is carried out using above equipment are as follows: silkworm egg is hatched on blank sheet of paper, will be hatched with chicken feather Newly-hatched silkworm move on another a blank sheet of paper, win tender mulberry leaf and shred nursing until newly-hatched silkworm grows up to young silkworm and carries out small dormancy, small dormancy of waking up Young silkworm is moved in bamboo plaque afterwards, tender mulberry leaf is won and mulberry leaf tearing is laid on rearing shed and feed until young silkworm carries out Second of suspend mode;
Second of suspend mode moves to young silkworm on the rearing shed that a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 is spliced after waking up, and wins mulberry leaf and is laid immediately on rearing shed On feed until young silkworm carries out third time suspend mode, third time suspend mode won after waking up mulberry leaf be laid with feed until silkworm carry out it is big It sleeps;
It is big sleep wake up after silkworm moved on shakedown (ground for being equipped with lime) raise, disassembly and clear is carried out to rearing shed Reason, when (part) silkworm grows up to matured silkworm, gathers silkworm, and last time is laid with mulberry leaf and is fed, and on mulberry leaf It sprays ripener (also known as urging old agent), starts to spread the arrangement shape laying cone-shaped bundle of straw on ground after spreading leaf, so that a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 is to silkworm Culturing area is covered;Matured silkworm climbs up a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 and carries out doing cocoon, and matured silkworm climbed up a rectangular small bundle of straw after 3~4 days, pushes push rod 40 swing a rectangular small bundle of straw 30, and the silkworm of lesion death falls, and matured silkworm climbs up a rectangular small bundle of straw and lifts mounting bracket after 5 days It rises, so that a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 separates with earth's surface;Matured silkworm climbs up a rectangular small bundle of straw and carries out plucking cocoon after 8~9 days;
The judgement of matured silkworm characterizes are as follows: appetite stimulator, silkworm head is transparent, and silkworm cephalothorax is held high, mouth spinning thread, the bottom on left and right Cocoon place is done in dynamic searching.
The method for being laid with the cone-shaped bundle of straw are as follows: the first and second mounting base is placed on to the opposite sides of shakedown, first by rectangular 30 row of a small bundle of straw Column-shaped is fixed on the mounting bracket, (the silkworm net on a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 on the suspension end and an adjacent prismatic small bundle of straw 30 of plastic strip 312 31B phase reclines), it is adjusted by push rod 40 so that a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 is arranged perpendicular to the first and second crossbeam 201,202, by installation branch Frame both ends are fixed in the first and second mounting base, and the height for adjusting mounting bracket makes the lower end of plastic strip 312 on a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 It rides upon in earth's surface.
The method for plucking cocoon are as follows: a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 is removed and then is inserted to from the cone-shaped bundle of straw on the clamping device 60 for plucking cocoon equipment, Subsequent first driving mechanism, which drives, plucks cocoon and combs 77 downlinks until the lower end of comb teeth 772 drops down onto counterbore, then the second driving mechanism Drive pluck cocoon comb 77 to far from 60 side of clamping device movement carry out plucking cocoon, a rectangular small bundle of straw 30 is removed after plucking cocoon, is removed rectangular First and second driving mechanism drives cocoon-picking machine structure 70 to be resetted after a small bundle of straw 30, and the cocoon of plucking for being prepared as a next rectangular small bundle of straw 30 does standard It is standby.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, in knowing the present invention after contents, without departing from the principle of the present invention, it can also be made several Same transformation and substitution, these convert and substitute on an equal basis and also should be regarded as belonging to the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of method for quickly plucking cocoon, including operate as follows:
A rectangular small bundle of straw is removed and then is inserted to from the cone-shaped bundle of straw on the clamping device for plucking cocoon equipment, subsequent first driving mechanism, which drives, plucks Until the lower end of comb teeth drops down onto counterbore, then the second driving mechanism drives plucks cocoon and combs to far from clamping device side cocoon comb downlink Movement carries out plucking cocoon, removes a rectangular small bundle of straw after plucking cocoon, remove the first and second driving mechanism after a rectangular small bundle of straw drive cocoon-picking machine structure into Row resets, and the cocoon of plucking for being prepared as a next rectangular small bundle of straw is prepared;
Plucking cocoon equipment includes rack, and the clamping device for gripping a rectangular small bundle of straw, the side of clamping device are provided in rack The cocoon-picking machine structure that the silk cocoon that side is provided on a square shaped small bundle of straw is extractd, a rectangular small bundle of straw is vertical, and shape is detachable is clamped to It holds in mechanism;A rectangular small bundle of straw includes the frame of the rectangle of vertical shape arrangement, and a side surface of frame is equipped with installation net, installs net Mesh is rectangle, and installation net is made of the vertical screw rod of interlaced arrangement and horizontal hair bar, is indulged at screw rod and the net node of horizontal hair bar handover Plastic bar is respectively set, the silkworm net being laid on the inside wire side of net for silkworm cultivation is installed, silkworm net and plastic bar are placed in peace The two sides of net are filled, silkworm net and frame combination constitute the silkworm culture zone of shallow trough shape, and frame is by upper and lower horizontally disposed first and second Bar and left and right third and fourth bar arranged vertically are enclosed and are constituted, and the second bar is located at the downside of the first bar, the second bar On be provided be disposed to extend obliquely climb up the plastic strip that a rectangular small bundle of straw do cocoon for the silkworm on ground, plastic strip is along The setting of two bar intervals;The section of first and second bar is rectangle, setting guiding raised line, Article 2 on the upper surface of the first bar Guiding groove is opened up on the lower surface of bar, guiding groove is dovetail groove, is oriented to the section of raised line and the vallecular cavity section of guiding groove It is consistent;The length direction of the length direction for being oriented to raised line, the length direction for being oriented to groove and the first and second bar keeps one It causes;
Cocoon-picking machine structure includes plucking cocoon comb, plucks cocoon comb and is slidably mounted on movable support along vertical direction, is provided on movable support Driving plucks cocoon and combs the first driving mechanism moved up and down, and movable support is slidably installed on the rack in the horizontal direction, sets in rack It is equipped with the second driving mechanism for driving movable support to move horizontally;Plucking cocoon comb includes horizontally disposed pecten, pecten and clamping machine The parallel arrangement of a rectangular small bundle of straw on structure, the comb teeth of interval setting strip, comb teeth extend downwardly setting on pecten on pecten, The number of comb teeth is consistent with the installation mesh number of net uniline, comb teeth arrangement corresponding with the mesh of installation net, the length of comb teeth Greater than the height of a rectangular small bundle of straw, cocoon comb is plucked in two states, one is the installation net of the rectangular small bundle of straw on clamping device It mutually reclines with projection of the comb teeth in same level, the first driving mechanism drives and plucks the preparation position that cocoon comb moves up and down;Secondly Are as follows: the second driving mechanism drives comb teeth to carrying out mobile plucking cocoon position far from and close to rectangular small bundle of straw side;
Clamping device includes the first and second clamping piece of the strip being arranged parallel above and below, the first and second clamping piece square shaped A small bundle of straw is fixed, and a rectangular small bundle of straw is inserted into clamping device along the length direction of the first and second clamping piece and takes out out of clamping device, The retaining mechanism for locking a rectangular small bundle of straw is provided in first clamping member or the second clamping piece;
First clamping member is located at the top of the second clamping piece, and first clamping member includes the first square pole that section is rectangle, and second Clamping piece includes the second square pole that section is rectangle, on the lower surface of the upper surface of the first square pole and the second square pole respectively It is provided with limit raised line, the length direction for limiting raised line is consistent with the length direction of the first and second square pole, limits the width of raised line Spend the width less than the first and second square pole;The lower surface setting of first square pole constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation with guiding raised line Guide groove, the upper surface setting of the second square pole constitute the gib block of slide-and-guide cooperation with guiding groove;
The width of first and second bar is consistent with the width of the first and second square pole, is oriented to the center line of raised line, is oriented to groove Center line, limit the center line of raised line, the center line of guide groove, the center line of gib block, the first and second rod piece center line and The center line of first and second square pole is respectively positioned on same vertical guide.
CN201610239839.XA 2016-04-17 2016-04-17 Method for quickly plucking cocoon Active CN105900940B (en)

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