CN105817729A - Tin soldering method and automatic tin soldering machine - Google Patents

Tin soldering method and automatic tin soldering machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105817729A
CN105817729A CN201610341539.2A CN201610341539A CN105817729A CN 105817729 A CN105817729 A CN 105817729A CN 201610341539 A CN201610341539 A CN 201610341539A CN 105817729 A CN105817729 A CN 105817729A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
station
scolding tin
pallet
charging tray
pipeline
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610341539.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105817729B (en
Inventor
黄杰
梁吉平
李小东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhuhai Essen craftsman Technology Co.,Ltd.
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ZHUHAI ASCEND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610341539.2A priority Critical patent/CN105817729B/en
Publication of CN105817729A publication Critical patent/CN105817729A/en
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Publication of CN105817729B publication Critical patent/CN105817729B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K1/00Soldering, e.g. brazing, or unsoldering
    • B23K1/0008Soldering, e.g. brazing, or unsoldering specially adapted for particular articles or work
    • B23K1/0016Brazing of electronic components
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K1/00Soldering, e.g. brazing, or unsoldering
    • B23K1/012Soldering with the use of hot gas
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K1/00Soldering, e.g. brazing, or unsoldering
    • B23K1/20Preliminary treatment of work or areas to be soldered, e.g. in respect of a galvanic coating
    • B23K1/203Fluxing, i.e. applying flux onto surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K3/00Tools, devices, or special appurtenances for soldering, e.g. brazing, or unsoldering, not specially adapted for particular methods
    • B23K3/08Auxiliary devices therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K3/00Tools, devices, or special appurtenances for soldering, e.g. brazing, or unsoldering, not specially adapted for particular methods
    • B23K3/08Auxiliary devices therefor
    • B23K3/082Flux dispensers; Apparatus for applying flux
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K3/00Tools, devices, or special appurtenances for soldering, e.g. brazing, or unsoldering, not specially adapted for particular methods
    • B23K3/08Auxiliary devices therefor
    • B23K3/087Soldering or brazing jigs, fixtures or clamping means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K2101/00Articles made by soldering, welding or cutting
    • B23K2101/36Electric or electronic devices

Abstract

The invention relates to a tin soldering method and an automatic tin soldering machine capable of conducting tin soldering through the tin soldering method, and belongs to the technical field of tin soldering. The tin soldering method includes the steps of feeding, first-time tin soldering, discharging and returning. In all steps, a follow fixture carries to-be-welded workpieces to all stations through a conveying line system so as to be subject to operation like tin soldering treatment; and after discharging is completed, the follow fixture returns to the feeding station through the returning step to be subject to feeding again. By means of the method, the tin soldering efficiency can be effectively improved, and the automatic degree of the automatic tin soldering machine using the tin soldering method can be effectively improved.

Description

Tin-soldering method and automatic tin welding machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to the tin-soldering method of a kind of automatic tin welding machine and the automatic tin welding machine of tin-soldering method can be used.
Background technology
Automatic tin welding machine is as a kind of automatization or semi-automatic manufacture equipment, it is widely used at production industries such as automotive electronics, number, electronics, electroacoustic, LCD, wiring boards, is mainly used in drawing weldering, COF to draw the devices such as weldering, computer main board, tiny CABLE, loudspeaker and motor to carry out the scolding tin welding of high-speed high-quality amount adapter, RJ/ network transformer, winding displacement, FPCB.
Publication No. be CN104384650A patent documentation in disclose a kind of automatic tin welding machine, as shown in its accompanying drawing 1, it includes frame and the charging tray feeding turnover device, rinse bath 005, preheating device 006, scaling powder stove, stannum stove, blanking transmission belt 011 and the mechanical hand that are arranged in this frame, charging tray feeding turnover device is made up of with disk changer structure 004 charging tray storehouse 003, and charging tray storehouse 003 includes left charging tray storehouse and right charging tray storehouse.During scolding tin, transmit carry out blanking by being placed on blanking after gripping more than one workpiece to be welded mechanical hand charging tray in a charging tray storehouse and carrying out soaking the operations such as scaling powder, preheating, scolding tin and cleaning;When the workpiece to be welded in a charging tray is taken, by disk changer structure 004, sky charging tray is gripped and puts in another charging tray storehouse from current charging tray storehouse.
After the mechanical hand of above-mentioned automatic tin welding machine captures a collection of workpiece to be welded, after completing a leaching scaling powder, preheating, scolding tin, cleaning and the whole flow process of blanking, then capture another batch of workpiece to be welded and process, cause its scolding tin inefficient;Additionally, for the degree of accuracy ensureing scolding tin, need the workpiece each to be welded on mechanical hand is carried out pre-determined bit, location, image recognition or detection respectively, further result in its scolding tin inefficient.
Additionally, for chip inductor 01 as shown in Figure 1, it exists four pins needs to carry out respectively scolding tin process, and i.e. it exists multiple portion to be welded being positioned in different azimuth, and above-mentioned automatic tin welding machine will be difficult to it is carried out scolding tin process.
Summary of the invention
The main object of the present invention is to provide the tin-soldering method that a kind of scolding tin efficiency is high;
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a kind of automatic tin welding machine that above-mentioned tin-soldering method can be used to carry out scolding tin process.
In order to realize above-mentioned main purpose, the present invention provides and uses automatic tin welding machine to treat welder's part to carry out the method for scolding tin process and include feeding step, the first scolding tin step, blanking step and return step.Wherein, automatic tin welding machine includes the pipeline system for carrying pallet;Pallet is provided with the fixed bit for fixing workpiece to be welded, and this fixed bit is provided with the location division positioned for treating welder's part to carry out;Along pallet direct of travel in pipeline system, the pipeline of pipeline system is sequentially provided with feeding station, the first scolding tin station and discharge station.Feeding step is included at feeding station, is removably fixed on fixed bit by workpiece to be welded, and makes at least one portion to be welded of workpiece to be welded stretch out fixed bit and be positioned at outside pallet.First scolding tin step is included at the first scolding tin station, by capturing pallet to capture pallet together and to be positioned at workpiece to be welded thereon, and treat to be positioned at the same side of pallet on welder's part and stretch out the portion to be welded of fixed bit and carry out same batch scolding tin and process.Blanking step is included at discharge station, unloads and complete the workpiece that scolding tin processes from pallet.Pallet after return step has included blanking is back at feeding station at discharge station with pipeline system.
From above scheme, by arranging pipeline system on automatic tin welding machine, and use pallet to treat welder's part to be fixed, and use the location division on pallet to treat welder's part to position relative to the position of pallet, and during scolding tin, mechanical hand only need to capture pallet and position pallet and just complete to treat welder's part positioning action, it is easy to the workpiece all to be welded on pallet carries out same batch location, scolding tin etc. process, it is effectively improved scolding tin efficiency, increase along with the quantity of workpiece to be welded on pallet, its scolding tin efficiency is the highest.Circulate conveying on the conveyor line along with pallet, the workpiece to be welded that various functional machinery handss are pointed on the pallet on corresponding station respectively operates, and to form the operation of pipelining formula, thus improves scolding tin efficiency and the automaticity of automatic tin welding machine.
Concrete scheme is for being fixed to busy hour fixed when workpiece to be welded, and there is part portion to be welded is positioned at fixed bit, the most also includes spin step and the second scolding tin step.Along pallet direct of travel in pipeline system, between the first scolding tin station and discharge station, it is additionally provided with rotary work station and the second scolding tin station.Spin step is included at rotary work station, and relative to pallet, the workpiece to be welded after the first scolding tin step process is rotated predetermined angle, so that at least one portion to be welded processed without scolding tin of this workpiece to be welded stretches out fixed bit and exposes outside pallet.Second scolding tin step is included at the second scolding tin station, by capturing pallet to capture pallet and the workpiece to be welded being positioned on this pallet together, and treat to be positioned at the same side of pallet on welder's part and stretch out the portion to be welded of fixed bit and carry out same batch scolding tin and process.It is easy to the workpiece to be welded to having portion to be welded that is multiple and that be distributed in different azimuth and carries out scolding tin process.
One preferred scheme is for also including soaking scaling powder step, and leaching scaling powder step is the previous step of each scolding tin step, i.e. before carrying out scolding tin step, need to once soak scaling powder step, and leaching scaling powder step is the adjacently positioned of scolding tin step.Leaching scaling powder step is included at leaching scaling powder station, by capturing pallet to capture pallet and the workpiece to be welded being positioned on this pallet together, and treat to be positioned at the same side of pallet on welder's part and stretch out the portion to be welded of fixed bit and carry out same batch leaching scaling powder and process;Along pallet direct of travel in pipeline system, leaching scaling powder station is to be positioned at the upstream of each scolding tin station and adjacent station.To improve scolding tin quality, and for only need to carry out between workpiece to be welded and pallet during scolding tin process and leaching scaling powder clamped one time location just can, be effectively improved scolding tin efficiency.
Another preferred scheme be pallet be long strip type structure, plural workpiece to be welded is removably attached on this pallet along the length direction of pallet with being arranged in a row.It is easy to the arrangement treating welder's part on pallet.
In order to realize above-mentioned another object, the automatic tin welding machine that the present invention provides includes frame and is arranged on the feeding manipulator in this frame, the first scolding tin unit, blanking mechanical hand and pipeline system.First scolding tin unit includes the first scolding tin mechanical hand and stannum stove.Pipeline system includes move ahead pipeline and return pipeline, along retinue thing at the direct of travel moved ahead on pipeline, the pipeline that moves ahead sequentially is provided with feeding station, the first scolding tin station and discharge station.Feeding manipulator is positioned at by the pipeline side at feeding station that moves ahead, and the first scolding tin mechanical hand is positioned at by the pipeline side at the first scolding tin station that moves ahead, and blanking mechanical hand is positioned at by the pipeline side at discharge station that moves ahead.Pipeline system is equipped with induction installation and positioner at feeding station, at the first scolding tin station and at discharge station, is additionally provided with fixing device at discharge station;Wherein, induction installation is used for sensing retinue thing, and positioner is for positioning retinue thing, and fixing device is for being fixed retinue thing.Retinue thing is walked at feeding station by discharge station with return pipeline on return pipeline.
From above scheme, when thing of accompanying is pallet, pallet loopy moving between different station can be promoted by pipeline system, so that different mechanical hand workpiece to be welded on which operate accordingly, to form the operation of pipelining formula, it is effectively improved scolding tin efficiency and automaticity thereof.
Concrete scheme is also to include the second scolding tin unit and the rotating machine arm for the workpiece to be welded being fixed on retinue thing rotates predetermined angle relative to thing of accompanying, and the second scolding tin unit includes the second scolding tin mechanical hand and stannum stove.Along retinue thing at the direct of travel moved ahead on pipeline, the pipeline that moves ahead sequentially is provided with rotary work station and the second scolding tin station between the first scolding tin station and discharge station.Rotating machine arm is positioned at by the pipeline side at rotary work station that moves ahead, and the second scolding tin mechanical hand is positioned at by the pipeline side at the second scolding tin station that moves ahead;Pipeline system is equipped with induction installation and positioner at rotary work station and at the second scolding tin station, is additionally provided with fixing device at rotary work station.It is easy to needing the workpiece to be welded carrying out rotation processing to carry out scolding tin process.
One preferred scheme is that each scolding tin unit all includes leaching scaling powder mechanical hand and scaling powder stove.Leaching scaling powder mechanical hand is positioned at by the pipeline side at leaching scaling powder station that moves ahead;Along retinue thing at the direct of travel moved ahead on pipeline, leaching scaling powder station is to be positioned at the upstream of each scolding tin station and adjacent station.
Preferred scheme is that and the second scolding tin station is equipped with tunnel-type hot air stove with between this second scolding tin station upstream and adjacent leaching scaling powder station with between this first scolding tin station upstream and adjacent leaching scaling powder station at the first scolding tin station;The pipeline that moves ahead passes through tunnel the preheating cavity of formula air stove.Improve scolding tin quality.
Another preferred scheme is also to include the charging tray feeding turnover device coordinated with feeding manipulator and the drawing mechanism coordinated with blanking mechanical hand.Charging tray feeding turnover device includes that feeding charging tray storehouse and feeding epicyclical mechanism, feeding charging tray storehouse include feeding warehouse, working bin, week roll-over and discharging bin.Feeding epicyclical mechanism includes the first elevating mechanism of charging tray in lifting feeding warehouse, for the charging tray of feeding warehouse discharge outlet being transferred to the first transfer mechanism at working bin charging aperture, the second elevating mechanism of charging tray in lifting work storehouse, for the charging tray of working bin discharge outlet being sent to the first connecting gear at week roll-over charging aperture, the 3rd elevating mechanism of charging tray in lifting week roll-over, charging tray at by turnover bin discharge port external is transferred to the second transfer mechanism at discharging bin charging aperture, in lifting discharging bin charging tray the 4th elevating mechanism and in supporting charging tray storehouse selectively the charging tray supporting mechanism of charging tray.Drawing mechanism includes discharging charging tray storehouse, the 5th elevating mechanism of charging tray in lifting discharging charging tray storehouse, for being sent to the second connecting gear on the 6th elevating mechanism, the 6th elevating mechanism by the charging tray in discharging charging tray storehouse and being used for being transferred to the charging tray on the 6th elevating mechanism the 3rd transfer mechanism of the discharge outlet of automatic tin welding machine.It is effectively improved the automaticity of this automatic tin welding machine.
Another includes, for the pipeline that moves ahead, the conveyer belt that moves ahead at preferred scheme.Return pipeline includes return conveyer belt, for retinue thing is transferred to from the conveyer belt that moves ahead the first transfer manipulator on return conveyer belt, and retinue thing is transferred to from return conveyer belt the second transfer manipulator moving ahead on conveyer belt;First transfer manipulator is positioned at by the pipeline side at discharge station that moves ahead, and the second transfer manipulator is positioned at by return pipeline side at feeding station.Pipeline system structure is simple, low cost, it is simple to carry pallet.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the existing chip inductor of one omitting coil;
Fig. 2 is the existing charging tray of one being mounted with inductance to be welded;
The partial sectional view of Fig. 3 charging tray as shown in Figure 2;
Fig. 4 is the charging tray overlapping view piled up in the vertical as shown in Figure 2;
Fig. 5 is the axonometric chart of the pallet that automatic tin welding machine embodiment a kind of and of the present invention matches;
Fig. 6 is the state diagram fixing chip inductor on the pallet matched with automatic tin welding machine embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the axonometric chart of automatic tin welding machine embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is A partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the top view of the automatic tin welding machine embodiment of the present invention omitting guard shield;
Figure 10 is the front view of the automatic tin welding machine embodiment of the present invention omitting guard shield;
Figure 11 is the conveyer belt axonometric chart with return conveyer belt that moves ahead in automatic tin welding machine embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the axonometric chart of charging tray feeding turnover device in automatic tin welding machine embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the STRUCTURE DECOMPOSITION figure after omitting side plate, base plate and dividing plate of charging tray feeding device in automatic tin welding machine embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 14 is the axonometric chart of feeding manipulator in automatic tin welding machine embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 15 is the axonometric chart of rotating mechanism in automatic tin welding machine embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 16 is the axonometric chart rotating in automatic tin welding machine of the present invention and taking discharge mechanism;
Figure 17 is the axonometric chart of Colophonium wicking mechanical hand in automatic tin welding machine embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 18 is the axonometric chart of rotating machine arm in automatic tin welding machine embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 19 is the axonometric chart of drawing mechanism in automatic tin welding machine embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 20 is the workflow diagram of tin-soldering method embodiment of the present invention;
State diagram when Figure 21 is that in tin-soldering method embodiment of the present invention, pallet is transported to scolding tin station or soaks scaling powder station.
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing thereof, the invention will be further described.
The present invention carries out as a example by scolding tin by four pins to a kind of chip inductor 01 as shown in Figure 1 that the present invention will be described, chip inductor 01 includes body 010 and four pins 011, scolding tin process is for being both needed to each pin once soak scaling powder process and a scolding tin process, owing to these four pins are distributed on four side faces, process and four scolding tin process so needing to carry out four leaching scaling powders.
During scolding tin, first chip inductor 01 is loaded in the charge chute 021 of charging tray 02 as shown in Figure 2, and carry out just positioning to the position of chip inductor 01 by the location division on charge chute 021, be arranged into 10 row × 10 row.
Seeing Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, charging tray 02 is a plate structure, is respectively fixed with locating dowel 022 thereon at angle, four, surface, is positioned at the lower surface position indent corresponding with locating dowel 022 and is formed with the hole, location 023 matched with locating dowel 022.
Seeing Fig. 4, when multiple charging trays 02 are piled up in longitudinal overlap, insertion is positioned above and in the hole, location of adjacent charging tray 02 by the locating dowel 022 of charging tray 02, and is formed with gap 024 between two adjacent charging trays 02.
Automatic tin welding machine embodiment
It is illustrated in figure 5 the pallet 1 matched with this automatic tin welding machine embodiment.Pallet 1 is long strip type structure, and on its body 10, indent is formed with 10 and is provided with locating slot 111 for the fixed bit 11 fixing chip inductor 01, fixed bit 11, and position corresponding with each fixed bit 11 in body 10 is respectively and fixedly provided with a permanent magnet;The sidewall of body 10 is formed with the clamping through hole 12 for capturing and is formed for fixing fixed part 13 in end, two ends.The sidewall of locating slot 111 and fixed bit 11 constitutes the location division of the present embodiment together, positions relative to the position of pallet 1 for treating welder's part.
Seeing Fig. 6, be fixed on 10 fixed bits 11 by totally 10 chip inductors 01 of a line on charging tray 02 as shown in Figure 2, it is to be drawn to realize treating welder's part and be removably secured at fixed bit 11 by chip inductor 02 by the Magnet being located in body 10.There is provided mechanism need to be designed according to practical situation for other kinds of workpiece to be welded, the structure of fixed bit 11 and bed knife, it is not limited to the present embodiment.
After chip inductor 01 is fixed on pallet 1, in four pins 012 two stretch out fixed bit 11 and are positioned at outside pallet 1, these two pins to carry out soak scaling powder process and scolding tin process, that is, at least one portion to be welded making workpiece to be welded stretches out fixed bit 11 and is positioned at outside described pallet 1.
See Fig. 7 to Figure 10, the frame 20 of automatic tin welding machine 2 is provided with control chamber 21, rinse bath 29, guard shield 22 and be positioned at the charging tray feeding turnover device 3 of guard shield 22, feeding manipulator 92, rotating mechanism 5, pipeline system 6, detection device 263, first leaching scaling powder mechanical hand 251, first scaling powder stove 231, tunnel-type hot air stove 261, first scolding tin mechanical hand 252, first stannum stove 241, rotating machine arm 27, second leaching scaling powder mechanical hand 253, second scaling powder stove 232, tunnel-type hot air stove 262, second scolding tin mechanical hand 254, second stannum stove 242, detection device 28, blanking mechanical hand 91, drawing mechanism 4 and charging tray clean turnover device 93.It is adjusted with the operating position to control chamber 21 by the slide rail 201 being located in frame 20.Wherein, first leaching scaling powder mechanical hand the 251, first scaling powder stove the 231, first scolding tin mechanical hand 252 constitutes the first scolding tin unit of the present embodiment together with the first stannum stove 241, and second leaching scaling powder mechanical hand the 253, second scaling powder stove the 232, second scolding tin mechanical hand 254 constitutes the second scolding tin unit of the present embodiment together with the second stannum stove 242.
Seeing Fig. 9 to Figure 11, pipeline system 6 has conveyer belt the 61, first transfer manipulator 62 that moves ahead, return conveyer belt 63 and the second transfer manipulator 64.Wherein, the conveyer belt 61 that moves ahead constitutes the pipeline that moves ahead of the present embodiment, and the first transfer manipulator 62, return conveyer belt 63 and the second transfer manipulator 64 constitute the return pipeline of the present embodiment together.
The conveyer belt 61 that moves ahead by support 610, conveyer belt 611 and drives motor 612 to constitute, the conveying trough 6101 that pallet 1 passes through it is formed on support 610, the pallet 1 movement on conveyer belt 611 is played effect that is spacing and that position in the direction of the width by conveying trough 6101, drives motor 612 to be used for driving conveyer belt 611 to drive pallet 1 to move ahead by pre-set velocity in conveying trough 6101.
The installation position 613 of the positioning cylinder positioned for the position that pallet 1 is at the front on pipeline it is formed with and the installation position 614 of fixing cylinder that the position for being at the front pallet 1 on pipeline is fixed on support 610.Positioning cylinder constitutes the positioner of the present embodiment, and fixing cylinder constitutes the fixing device of the present embodiment.The structure of return conveyer belt 63, with reference to the structure of the transmission band 61 that moves ahead, simply moves ahead in opposite direction, does not repeats them here.
Along pallet at the direct of travel moved ahead on pipeline, the pipeline that moves ahead sequentially is provided with feeding station, the first detection station, the first leaching scaling powder station, the first preheating station, the first scolding tin station, rotary work station, the second leaching scaling powder station, the second preheating station, the second scolding tin station, the second detection station and discharge station.Being equipped with induction installation and positioner at these stations, induction installation is used for detecting whether this position has pallet, including, but not limited to Fibre Optical Sensor, photoelectric sensor;It is additionally provided with fixing device at rotary work station and discharge station.
Feeding manipulator 5, detection device 263, first leaching scaling powder mechanical hand 251, tunnel-type hot air stove 261, first scolding tin mechanical hand 252, rotating machine arm 27, second leaching scaling powder mechanical hand 253, tunnel-type hot air stove 262, second scolding tin mechanical hand 254, detection device 28 and blanking mechanical hand 91 are correspondingly located at the pipeline that moves ahead at feeding station, first detection station, first leaching scaling powder station, first preheating station, first scolding tin station, rotary work station, second leaching scaling powder station, second preheating station, second scolding tin station, by side at second detection station and discharge station.
See Figure 12 and Figure 13, charging tray feeding turnover device 3 is by device body 30, feeding warehouse 31, working bin 32, week roll-over 33, discharging bin the 34, first connecting gear 35, and quantity is that pallet body 36, transverse-moving mechanism 37 and screw-threaded shaft elevator structure 38 and the charging tray supporting mechanism 39 that quantity is 16 of two are constituted.Device body 30 is made up of side plate 301, side plate 302, side plate 303, side plate 304, dividing plate 305 and base plate 306.
Feeding warehouse 31, working bin 32, week roll-over 33 and discharging bin 34 constitute the charging tray storehouse of the present embodiment, they warehouses are formed by the component 300 that four pieces of cross sections are L-type, when charging tray 02 is loaded in charging tray storehouse, L-type component straight in the side matched in clearance of the arm of angle and charging tray 02 constitute the spacing and guiding piece that charging tray 02 vertically moves in charging tray storehouse, four charging tray supporting mechanisms 39 of each charging tray storehouse configuration.
First connecting gear 35 is made up of mechanism body, clamping device 351, cylinder 352, actuator and the guide rail 353 transversely arranged.Actuator is made up of motor 354, leading screw 355, feed screw nut 356 and slide block 357.Mechanism body has the spring bearing 358 for support screw 355 and spring bearing 359.The stator of motor 354, spring bearing 358, spring bearing 359 and guide rail 353 are all connected by securing member is fixing with side plate 303.Slide block 357 reciprocatingly can be placed on guide rail 353 along guide rail 353.Slide block 357 and feed screw nut 356 are all fixing with the cylinder body of cylinder 352 to be connected.The push rod of cylinder 352 is fixing with the matrix of clamping device 351 to be connected, and is used for driving clamping device 351 to move back and forth in the vertical, the clamping of the air cylinder driven of clamping device 351 two jaws 3511,3512 or release charging tray 02.One end of screw mandrel 355 is connected by shaft coupling transmission with the rotor of motor 354, and by the driving effect of leading screw and nut mechanism, band dynamic air cylinder 352 laterally moves, and then drives clamping device 351 to laterally move.Guide rail 354 constitutes the guiding piece of the present embodiment, and guide rod can be used to coordinate with sliding sleeve to substitute the slide rail in the present embodiment and slide block to reach identical purpose.Feed screw nut constitutes the mover of the present embodiment actuator, by coordinating, to drive jaw 3511,3512 laterally and longitudinally moving as two-dimensional space of actuator and cylinder 352.Actuator can also be the mover that linear electric motors or cylinder, the mover of linear electric motors and the push rod of cylinder constitute actuator accordingly.
Transverse-moving mechanism is made up of plummer 371, actuator and two guide rails being parallel to each other and transversely arrange 372.Plummer 371 is made up of with two blocks of U-shaped components 3711 mounting seat 3710, and the yoke head face hump of U-shaped component 3711 is formed with the positioning convex 3712 matched with hole 023, location as shown in Figure 3.Actuator is made up of body, motor 373, feed screw nut 374 and screw mandrel 375;Body has spring bearing 376, for being supported one end of screw mandrel 375;The rotor of motor 373 is in transmission connection by the other end of shaft coupling with screw mandrel 375, and feed screw nut 374 is fixing with mounting seat 3710 to be connected, and mounting seat 3710 can be slidably disposed on guide rail 372 along guide rail 372.The stator of guide rail 372, spring bearing 376 and motor 373 is fixing with base plate 306 to be connected.Guide rail 372 constitutes the guiding piece of the present embodiment, and it can also use guide rod to substitute.
Screw lift structure 38 is made up of body, motor 381, screw mandrel 382, feed screw nut 383, guide rail 384 and pallet 385, and body has the spring bearing 386 for support screw 382 and spring bearing 387.The rotor of motor 381 is in transmission connection by one end of shaft coupling with screw mandrel 382, and feed screw nut 383 is fixing with pallet 385 to be connected, and feed screw nut 383 can reciprocatingly slide along guide rail 384.By driving effect and the guiding function of guide rail 384 of motor 381 and leading screw and nut mechanism, drive pallet 385 along longitudinally reciprocal movement.The stator of motor 381, guide rail 384 and spring bearing 386 are fixing with side plate 303 to be connected, and spring bearing 387 is fixing with the stator of motor 381 to be connected.Guide rail 384 constitutes the guiding piece of the present embodiment.
Pallet body 36 is made up of with pallet 361 cylinder 362, and pallet 361 is fixing with the push rod of cylinder 362 to be connected, and the cylinder body of cylinder 362 is connected by fixture is fixing with side plate 303.
Charging tray supporting mechanism 39 is made up of body 390, cylinder 391 and claw 392.Claw 392 is hinged on body 390 by hinge 3901, and the push rod of cylinder 391 promotes claw 392 to rotate around bearing pin 3901 by linkage.Forming the receiving chamber 3900 for accommodating claw 392 on body 390, promote claw 392 to be rotated into accommodating in chamber 3900 around bearing pin 3901 by cylinder 391, now, claw 392 is positioned at stowed position;Accommodating chamber 3900 when cylinder 391 promotes claw 392 to screw out around bearing pin, now claw 392 is positioned at Support Position.Support Position is preferably Figure 13 claw 392 end face upward such as and arranges in the horizontal direction.The cylinder that charging tray supporting mechanism can also use push rod transversely to arrange matches with claw composition, and wherein claw is fixing with cylinder push-rod is connected, thus drives claw to stretch out body to be positioned at Support Position, or indentation body is to be positioned at stowed position.Cylinder 391 constitutes the driver of the present embodiment.
One outer right-angle side of component 300 is fixed be connected with side plate 303, dividing plate 305 or side plate 301, thus is assembled into four charging tray storehouses.The two ends of dividing plate 305 are fixed be connected with side plates 302 and side plate 304 respectively, and side plate 301 to 304 and dividing plate 305 are all fixed with base plate 306 and be connected, and constitute the device body 30 of charging tray feeding turnover device 3.The upper port of feeding warehouse 31 and lower port respectively constitute its charging aperture and discharging opening, the upper port of working bin 32 and lower port respectively constitute its discharging opening and charging aperture, the upper port of week roll-over 33 and lower port respectively constitute its charging aperture and discharging opening, and the upper port of discharging bin 34 and lower port respectively constitute its discharging opening and charging aperture.
First connecting gear 35 is positioned at the top of charging tray feeding turnover device 3, clamp such that it is able to will be located in the charging tray of working bin 32 discharge outlet by clamping device 351, and the charging tray clamped is put at the charging aperture of all roll-overs 33 by cylinder 352 and the effect of actuator.
One end is positioned at below feeding warehouse 31 and the other end is positioned at the transverse-moving mechanism 37 below working bin 32 and constitutes first transfer mechanism of the present embodiment;One end is positioned at below week roll-over 33 and the other end is positioned at the transverse-moving mechanism 37 below discharging bin 34 and constitutes second transfer mechanism of the present embodiment.
Pallet 361 pallet body 36 along longitudinally reciprocal movement can constitute first elevating mechanism of the present embodiment bottom feeding warehouse 31, pallet 385 screw lift structure 38 along longitudinally reciprocal movement can constitute second elevating mechanism of the present embodiment in working bin 32, pallet 385 can constitute the 3rd elevating mechanism of the present embodiment in week roll-over 33 along the screw lift structure 38 of longitudinally reciprocal movement, and pallet 361 pallet body 36 along longitudinally reciprocal movement can constitute the 4th elevating mechanism of the present embodiment bottom discharging bin 34.
Four the charging tray supporting mechanisms 39 being allocated to each charging tray storehouse are divided into two groups, with group charging tray supporting mechanism 39 between two module components 300, two groups of charging tray supporting mechanisms 39 are positioned opposite, when claw 392 is positioned at Support Position as shown in fig. 13 that, claw 392 is by the storehouse stretching into charging tray storehouse, when claw 392 is positioned at stowed position, claw 392 will be located in outside the storehouse in charging tray storehouse, i.e. driver drives claw 392 moves back and forth between Support Position and stowed position, thus the charging tray being pointed to charging tray storehouse selectively is supported.
Seeing Figure 14, the body 50 of feeding manipulator 5 is provided with lift cylinder 51, transverse slider 52 and for drawing and discharging the suction nozzle 53 of chip inductor 01.The quantity of suction nozzle 53 is designed according to practical situation, is 10 in the present embodiment, is respectively front and back each 5.Coordinated so that the relative frame of feeding manipulator 5 can move back and forth in the horizontal direction with the slide rail of lateral arrangement by slide block 52, drive suction nozzle 53 to move in the vertical by lift cylinder 51, thus promote the workpiece to be welded held at longitudinal direction and transverse shifting.
See Figure 15, the body 920 of rotating mechanism 92 is provided with the fixing seat 921 for being fixed chip inductor 01 in the circumferential, Timing Belt 922 and motor 923, motor 923 drives ten fixing seats 921 to synchronize around rotating in a circumferential direction by Timing Belt 922, and then drives chip inductor 01 to rotate predetermined angle.
Seeing Figure 16, the body 70 of upset fetching device 7 is provided with slide rail 72, upset cylinder 72, switching mechanism 73 and the lift cylinder 74 that slide block 71 matches with slide block, and switching mechanism 73 is provided with the claw 731 matched with clamping through hole 12 as shown in Figure 5.Drive switching mechanism 73 to rotate to claw 731 by upset cylinder 72 to align with through hole 12;Then, by coordinating of slide block 71 and slide rail 72 and actuator, thus promote claw 731 to insert in through hole 12, and block pallet 1 by elastic deformation on claw 731;Then pass through lift cylinder 74 to be taken out along longitudinal in the conveying trough 6101 shown in Figure 11 by pallet.
Seeing Figure 17, the body 80 of Colophonium wicking mechanical hand 8 is provided with slide block 81, upset motor 82, switching mechanism 83 and lift cylinder 84, and switching mechanism 83 is provided with the claw 831 matched with clamping through hole 12 as shown in Figure 5.Drive switching mechanism 83 to rotate by upset motor 82 to align to claw 831 with being clamped in the through hole 12 of pallet 1 on upset fetching device 7;Then, by coordinating of slide block 81 and horizontal slide rail and actuator, thus promote claw 831 to insert in through hole 12, and block pallet 1 by elastic deformation on claw 831;Made pallet 1 be separated with claw 731 by slide block 81 and horizontal slide rail and coordinating of actuator, in order to realize separating, a detent mechanism (not shown) is needed to coordinate, when pallet is stayed on claw 831 by needs, this detent mechanism keeps static relative to claw 831 and positions pallet 1, thus realizes pallet 1 and clamp with claw 831 phase and be separated with claw 731;In like manner, pallet 1 can be separated with claw 831 and clamp with claw 731 phase.Can by the clamping device replacing to be located on switching mechanism 73 or 83 by jaw 731 and 831, thus carry out pallet 1 actively clamping and discharging.
First scaling powder mechanical hand the 251, first scolding tin mechanical hand the 252, second scaling powder mechanical hand 253 and the second scolding tin mechanical hand 254 of the present embodiment is constituted by the combination of upset fetching device 7 with Colophonium wicking mechanical hand 8.
Seeing Figure 18, the body 270 of rotating machine arm 27 is provided with electric rotating machine 272, Timing Belt 273,10 suction nozzles 271, the transmission gear 274 that be connected fixing with suction nozzle 271 and lift cylinder (not shown).In the course of the work, make suction nozzle near the chip inductor 01 being fixed on pallet 1 by lift cylinder, and hold chip inductor 01, by lift cylinder, chip inductor 01 is unloaded from pallet, then electric rotating machine 272 drives chip inductor 01 90-degree rotation by Timing Belt 273 with coordinating of transmission gear 274, and by lift cylinder, the chip inductor 01 after 90-degree rotation is placed on pallet 1, and be fixed on by magnetic attraction on pallet 1, suction nozzle 271 discharges chip inductor 01 and completes the rotation processing to chip inductor.
See Figure 19, the body 40 of discharging mechanism 4 be provided with discharging charging tray storehouse 41, in lifting discharging charging tray storehouse 41 the 5th elevating mechanism 42 of charging tray, for the second connecting gear the 43, the 6th elevating mechanism 44 that the charging tray in discharging charging tray storehouse 41 is sent on the 6th elevating mechanism 44 and the 3rd transfer mechanism 45 being used for being transferred to the charging tray on the 6th elevating mechanism 44 discharge outlet of automatic tin welding machine.
5th elevating mechanism 42 is for using chain 421 to coordinate with gripper shoe 422, thus the empty charging tray in charging tray storehouse 41 rises to the discharge outlet in charging tray storehouse 41.The structure of the second connecting gear 43 is with reference to the first connecting gear 35 as shown in fig. 13 that, and it has the screw mandrel 431 transversely arranged, cross slide way 432, lift cylinder 433, and screw mandrel drives motor 434 and fixes the clamping device 435 being connected with feed screw nut.The structure of the 6th elevating mechanism 44 is with reference to screw lift structure 38 as shown in fig. 13 that, and uses two support bars being arranged in parallel in the horizontal direction 441 to substitute pallet to be supported charging tray.The structure of the 3rd transfer mechanism 45 is with reference to transverse-moving mechanism 27 as shown in fig. 13 that.
Tin-soldering method embodiment
See Figure 20, carry out the method for scolding tin be made up of feeding step S1, the first detecting step S2, the first leaching scaling powder step S3, the first preheating step S4, the first scolding tin step S5, spin step S6, the second leaching scaling powder step S7, the second preheating step S8, the second scolding tin step S9, the second detecting step S10, blanking step S11, cleaning step S12 and return step S13 by using above-mentioned automatic tin welding machine embodiment to treat welder's part.
Feeding step S1, at feeding station, is removably fixed to workpiece to be welded on the fixed bit 11 of pallet 1, and makes at least one portion to be welded of workpiece to be welded stretch out fixed bit 11 and be positioned at outside pallet 1.
Seeing Fig. 7, Figure 12 and Figure 13, (1) is allocated to four charging tray supporting mechanisms 39 of feeding warehouse 31, and their claw 392 turns to Support Position around hinge 3901;(2) charging tray 02 that whole assembling is loaded with chip inductor 01 puts into feeding warehouse 31 from the upper port of feeding warehouse 31, and support is positioned at the lower surface of bottom charging tray by claw 392, to be supported whole group of charging tray 02;nullThe whole group of charging tray 03 that the pallet 361 of (3) first elevating mechanisms will be located in feeding warehouse 31 holds up certain altitude longitudinally upward,The claw 392 of charging tray supporting mechanism 39 rotates to stowed position,The pallet 361 of the first elevating mechanism is along longitudinally moving down,The claw of charging tray supporting mechanism 39 utilizes the gap 024 between two charging trays to rotate to Support Position simultaneously,And it is supported on the lower surface of penultimate charging tray 02,The hole, location 023 that the charging tray 02 of bottom continues to drop to its locating dowel 022 and penultimate charging tray 02 with pallet 361 is separated,And its hole 023, location is placed on four positioning convex 3713,I.e. in feeding warehouse 31,It is supported between the charging tray on charging tray supporting mechanism 39 and the charging tray that is supported on the first transfer mechanism without interfering,So that charging tray 02 moves with the first transfer mechanism.Promote plummer 371 that charging tray 02 is moved the import department to working bin 32 by transverse-moving mechanism 37, and the pallet of harness cord bar elevating mechanism 38 promotes charging tray 02 32 edges in working bin longitudinally to rise to be positioned at above working bin 32 claw 392, claw 392 rotates to Support Position, and charging tray 02 drops to charging tray 02 with the pallet of screw lift structure 38 and is supported on claw 392;Repeat this step (3) to be transferred in working bin 32 by whole group of charging tray 01 in feeding warehouse 31.
See Figure 14, feeding manipulator 5 will be located in working bin 32 chip inductor in the charging tray 02 of the top and takes 5 away, it is placed on and carries out rotating 45 degree on rotating mechanism 92 as shown in figure 15, to realize chip inductor 01 in charging tray 02 adjustment different from the orientation on pallet 1, and by feeding manipulator 5 chip inductor 01 after rotated takes off and be fixed on and be positioned device and be positioned on the pallet 1 at feeding station, and again fix other five chip inductors.Orientation can be put, to save rotating mechanism 92 with change chip inductor 01 by loading plate 02 inner structure is improved.
First detecting step S2, the pallet 1 being fixed with chip inductor 01 is transported at the first detection station with the pipeline that moves ahead, it is located at the positioner at this it to be positioned and is located at the induction installation at this and sense, detection device 263 carries out detection process to the chip inductor 01 being fixed on pallet 1, and it is the most accurate etc. to put with detection.
First leaching scaling powder step S3, the pallet 1 being fixed with chip inductor 01 is transported at the first leaching scaling powder station with the pipeline that moves ahead, it is located at the positioner at this it to be positioned and is located at the induction installation at this and sense, see Figure 21, the push rod of the positioning cylinder 618 being fixed on support 610 stretches in conveying trough 6101, to stop pallet 1 to continue to move with the conveyer belt 611 that moves ahead, i.e. its position at the first leaching scaling powder station is positioned.
First leaching scaling powder mechanical hand 251 captures pallet 1, thus pallet 1 is captured together with workpiece to be welded fixed thereon, as shown in Figure 6, first to being positioned at the outside of pallet 1 on chip inductor and stretching out the pin 012 of fixed bit 11 and carry out same batch leaching scaling powder and process;As shown in figure 17, by electric rotating machine 82 to pallet 1 towards rotating, thus be pointed to inboard portion to be welded carry out soak scaling powder process.Complete to soak the chip inductor 01 after scaling powder processes to be returned to move ahead on pipeline by the first leaching scaling powder mechanical hand 251 together with pallet 1.
First preheating step S4, the pallet 1 being fixed with chip inductor 01 is transported at the first preheating station with the pipeline that moves ahead, being located at the positioner at this to position it and be located at the induction installation at this and sense, tunnel-type hot air stove 261 carries out the pre-heat treatment to it.
First scolding tin step S5, the pallet 1 being fixed with chip inductor 01 is transported at the first scolding tin station with the pipeline that moves ahead, and is located at the positioner at this and positions it and be located at the induction installation at this and sense.
First scolding tin mechanical hand 252 captures pallet 1, thus pallet 1 is captured together with workpiece to be welded fixed thereon, as shown in Figure 6, first to being positioned at the outside of pallet 1 on chip inductor and stretching out the pin 012 of fixed bit 11 and carry out same batch scolding tin and process;As shown in figure 17, by electric rotating machine 82 to pallet 1 towards rotating, thus be pointed to inboard portion to be welded carry out scolding tin process.Complete the chip inductor 01 after scolding tin processes to be returned to move ahead on pipeline by the first scolding tin mechanical hand 252 together with pallet 1.
Spin step S6, the pallet 1 being fixed with chip inductor 01 is transported at rotary work station with the pipeline that moves ahead, it is located at the positioner at this it to be positioned and is located at the induction installation at this and sense, and by fixing device, it is fixed, such as use the push rod of cylinder to push down fixed part 13 as shown in Figure 5.As shown in figure 18, rotating machine arm is by the chip inductor 90-degree rotation on pallet 1, so that at least one pin processed without scolding tin of this chip inductor stretches out fixed bit and exposes outside pallet 1, to carry out these undressed portions to be welded soaking scaling powder process and scolding tin process.Can be by the structure of pallet 1 be designed, so that positioner is unified with fixing device.
Second soaks scaling powder step S7, preheating step S8 and the second scolding tin step S9 soaks scaling powder step S3, the first preheating step S4 and the first scolding tin step S5 with reference to first, so that another set pin to soak scaling powder process and scolding tin process with carrying out same batch.With to those when workpiece to be welded is fixed on the fixed bit of pallet, there is part portion to be welded and be positioned at fixed bit, it is difficult to complete in a scolding tin unit process.
Second detecting step S10, the pallet 1 being fixed with chip inductor 01 is transported at the second detection station with the pipeline that moves ahead, it is located at the positioner at this it to be positioned and is located at the induction installation at this and sense, by second detection device 28, scolding tin quality is detected.
Blanking step S11, the pallet 1 being fixed with chip inductor 01 is transported at discharge station with the pipeline that moves ahead, it is located at the positioner at this it to be positioned and is located at the induction installation at this and sense, and by fixing device, pallet 1 is fixed, by blanking mechanical hand 91, the chip inductor completing scolding tin process on pallet 1 is unloaded and is placed in the empty charging tray on the 6th elevating mechanism 44 as shown in figure 19.
Cleaning step S12, puts into the chip inductor having completed scolding tin process from the discharge outlet whole dish of taking-up of automatic tin welding machine 2 in rinse bath 29 and is carried out.、
Return step S13, the pallet 1 that will be located in moving ahead at conveyer belt 61 discharge station by the first transfer manipulator 62 is removed to return conveyer belt 63, and be transferred to by the second transfer manipulator 64 side with return conveyer belt 63, the second transfer manipulator 64 feeding station of the conveyer belt 61 that is transferred to move ahead.
Along with the carrying out of each step above-mentioned, being positioned at the chip inductor on the charging tray of working bin 32 and constantly taken only, then, empty charging tray will be clamped by clamping device 351 and is sent at the charging aperture of week roll-over 33 by the first connecting gear 35.
Seeing Figure 12 and Figure 13, the pallet of the 3rd elevating mechanism, i.e. screw lift structure 38 is along longitudinally rising to hold charging tray 02, and the clamping device 351 of connecting gear 35 discharges charging tray 02.The charging tray 02 being released is down to the discharge outlet of week roll-over 33 with the 3rd elevating mechanism, and charging tray 02 is placed on the second transfer mechanism, is i.e. placed on the plummer 371 of transverse-moving mechanism 37.Charging tray 02 is transferred at the charging aperture of discharging bin 34 with plummer 371,4th elevating mechanism is by the height of the vertical promotion charging tray 02 along discharging bin 34, and make the claw of the charging tray supporting mechanism being arranged in discharging bin 34 be in Support Position, thus charging tray 02 is supported in discharging bin 34.
The empty charging tray 02 produced along with soldering process in constantly by working bin 32 is transferred in discharging bin 34, until whole group of charging tray is transferred in discharging bin 34, whole group of sky charging tray 02 is taken out by operator, but without carrying out shutdown operation.During whole, the charging tray in working bin 32 can be waited to be processed similar, then put into whole group of charging tray in feeding warehouse 31, whole process is without shutting down.
The central scope of the present invention is by being removably attached on pallet by more than one workpiece to be welded at feeding station, and coordinate on automatic tin welding machine, arrange pipeline system, transport to each station and carry out scolding tin etc. so that workpiece to be welded is uploaded in pipeline system together with pallet and process, and after the scolding tin completing whole portion to be welded processes, workpiece to be welded is taken off from pallet, and pallet can be continued feeding by feeding station by the conveying of pipeline system, thus improve the accuracy of welding efficiency and location.According to this design, the structure of charging tray feeding turnover device, feeding manipulator, rotating mechanism, the first leaching scaling powder mechanical hand, the first scolding tin mechanical hand, rotating machine arm, the second leaching scaling powder mechanical hand, the second scolding tin mechanical hand, blanking mechanical hand and discharging mechanism also has multiple obvious change.

Claims (10)

1. tin-soldering method, uses automatic tin welding machine to treat welder's part and carries out scolding tin process, it is characterised in that:
Described automatic tin welding machine includes the pipeline system for carrying pallet;
Described pallet is provided with the fixed bit for fixing workpiece to be welded, and described fixed bit is provided with the location division positioned for treating welder's part to carry out;
Along described pallet direct of travel in described pipeline system, the pipeline of described pipeline system is sequentially provided with feeding station, the first scolding tin station and discharge station;
The method includes:
Feeding step, at described feeding station, is removably fixed to workpiece to be welded on described fixed bit, and makes at least one portion to be welded of workpiece to be welded stretch out described fixed bit and be positioned at outside described pallet;
First scolding tin step, at described first scolding tin station, by capturing described pallet to capture described pallet together and to be positioned at workpiece to be welded thereon, and treat to be positioned at the same side of described pallet on welder's part and stretch out the portion to be welded of described fixed bit and carry out same batch scolding tin and process;
Blanking step, at described discharge station, unloads from described pallet and has completed the workpiece that scolding tin processes;
Return step, completes the described pallet after blanking and is back at described feeding station at described discharge station with described pipeline system.
Tin-soldering method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
When workpiece to be welded is fixed to described busy hour fixed, there is part portion to be welded and be positioned at described fixed bit, the most also include spin step and the second scolding tin step;
Along described pallet direct of travel in described pipeline system, between described first scolding tin station and described discharge station, it is additionally provided with rotary work station and the second scolding tin station;
Described spin step is included at described rotary work station, workpiece to be welded after described first scolding tin step process is rotated predetermined angle relative to described pallet, so that at least one of this workpiece to be welded is stretched out described fixed bit without the portion to be welded that scolding tin processes and expose outside described pallet;
Described second scolding tin step is included at described second scolding tin station, by capturing described pallet to capture described pallet and the workpiece to be welded being positioned on described pallet together, and treat to be positioned at the same side of described pallet on welder's part and stretch out the portion to be welded of described fixed bit and carry out same batch scolding tin and process.
Tin-soldering method the most according to claim 1 or claim 2, it is characterised in that:
Also including soaking scaling powder step, described leaching scaling powder step is the previous step of each scolding tin step;
Described leaching scaling powder step is included at leaching scaling powder station, by capturing described pallet to capture described pallet and the workpiece to be welded being positioned on described pallet together, and treat to be positioned at the same side of described pallet on welder's part and stretch out the portion to be welded of described fixed bit and carry out same batch leaching scaling powder and process;
Along described pallet direct of travel in described pipeline system, described leaching scaling powder station is to be positioned at the upstream of each scolding tin station and adjacent station.
Tin-soldering method the most according to claim 1 or claim 2, it is characterised in that:
Described pallet is long strip type structure, and plural workpiece to be welded is removably attached on described pallet along the length direction of described pallet with being arranged in a row.
5. automatic tin welding machine, including frame and be arranged on the feeding manipulator in described frame, the first scolding tin unit and blanking mechanical hand, described first scolding tin unit includes the first scolding tin mechanical hand and stannum stove;
It is characterized in that:
Pipeline system, described pipeline system includes move ahead pipeline and return pipeline;
Along retinue thing at the described direct of travel moved ahead on pipeline, described in move ahead and be sequentially provided with feeding station, the first scolding tin station and discharge station on pipeline;
Described feeding manipulator moves ahead by pipeline side at described feeding station described in being positioned at, described first scolding tin mechanical hand moves ahead by pipeline side at described first scolding tin station described in being positioned at, described blanking mechanical hand be positioned at described in move ahead by pipeline side at described discharge station;
Described pipeline system is equipped with induction installation and positioner at described feeding station, at described first scolding tin station and at described discharge station, it is additionally provided with fixing device at described discharge station, described induction installation is used for sensing described retinue thing, described positioner is for positioning described retinue thing, and described fixing device is for being fixed described retinue thing;
Described retinue thing is walked at described feeding station by described discharge station with described return pipeline on described return pipeline.
Automatic tin welding machine the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:
Also including the second scolding tin unit and the rotating machine arm for the workpiece to be welded being fixed on described retinue thing rotates predetermined angle relative to described retinue thing, described second scolding tin unit includes the second scolding tin mechanical hand and stannum stove;
Along described retinue thing at the described direct of travel moved ahead on pipeline, described in the pipeline that moves ahead between described first scolding tin station and described discharge station, be sequentially provided with rotary work station and the second scolding tin station;
Described rotating machine arm moves ahead by pipeline side at described rotary work station described in being positioned at, described second scolding tin mechanical hand be positioned at described in move ahead by pipeline side at described second scolding tin station;
Described pipeline system is equipped with described induction installation and described positioner at described rotary work station and at described second scolding tin station, be additionally provided with described fixing device at described rotary work station.
7. according to automatic tin welding machine described in claim 5 or 6, it is characterised in that:
Each scolding tin unit all includes leaching scaling powder mechanical hand and scaling powder stove;
Described leaching scaling powder mechanical hand moves ahead pipeline by the side soaking at scaling powder station described in being positioned at;
It is to be positioned at the upstream of each scolding tin station and adjacent station along described retinue thing at the described direct of travel moved ahead on pipeline, described leaching scaling powder station.
Automatic tin welding machine the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:
Each scolding tin unit all includes leaching scaling powder mechanical hand and scaling powder stove;
Described leaching scaling powder mechanical hand moves ahead pipeline by the side soaking at scaling powder station described in being positioned at;
It is to be positioned at the upstream of each scolding tin station and adjacent station along described retinue thing at the described direct of travel moved ahead on pipeline, described leaching scaling powder station;
At described first scolding tin station with between the upstream of described first scolding tin station and adjacent leaching scaling powder station, and described second scolding tin station is equipped with tunnel-type hot air stove with between the upstream of described second scolding tin station and adjacent leaching scaling powder station;
The described pipeline preheating cavity through described tunnel-type hot air stove that moves ahead.
9. according to automatic tin welding machine described in claim 5 or 6, it is characterised in that:
Also include the charging tray feeding turnover device coordinated with described feeding manipulator and the drawing mechanism coordinated with described blanking mechanical hand;
Described charging tray feeding turnover device includes that feeding charging tray storehouse and feeding epicyclical mechanism, described feeding charging tray storehouse include feeding warehouse, working bin, week roll-over and discharging bin;
Described feeding epicyclical mechanism includes the first elevating mechanism of charging tray in lifting described feeding warehouse, the first transfer mechanism at the charging aperture that the charging tray of the discharge outlet of described feeding warehouse is transferred to described working bin, the second elevating mechanism of charging tray in lifting described working bin, the first connecting gear at the charging aperture that the charging tray of the discharge outlet of described working bin is sent to described week roll-over, the 3rd elevating mechanism of charging tray in lifting described week roll-over, for the charging tray of the discharge outlet of described week roll-over is transferred to the second transfer mechanism at the charging aperture of described discharging bin, for the 4th elevating mechanism lifting charging tray in described discharging bin and in supporting described charging tray storehouse selectively the charging tray supporting mechanism of charging tray;
Described drawing mechanism includes discharging charging tray storehouse, the 5th elevating mechanism of charging tray in lifting described discharging charging tray storehouse, for being sent to the second connecting gear on the 6th elevating mechanism, described 6th elevating mechanism by the charging tray in described discharging charging tray storehouse and being used for being transferred to the charging tray on described 6th elevating mechanism the 3rd transfer mechanism of the discharge outlet of described automatic tin welding machine.
10. according to automatic tin welding machine described in claim 5 or 6, it is characterised in that:
The described pipeline that moves ahead includes the conveyer belt that moves ahead;
Described return pipeline includes return conveyer belt, for the first transfer manipulator described retinue thing being transferred to from the described conveyer belt that moves ahead on described return conveyer belt, and the second transfer manipulator moving ahead on conveyer belt described in described retinue thing is transferred to from described return conveyer belt;
Described first transfer manipulator moves ahead by pipeline side at described discharge station described in being positioned at, and described second transfer manipulator is positioned at by described return pipeline side at described feeding station.
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