CN105756293A - Green roof structure and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Green roof structure and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105756293A
CN105756293A CN201610268494.0A CN201610268494A CN105756293A CN 105756293 A CN105756293 A CN 105756293A CN 201610268494 A CN201610268494 A CN 201610268494A CN 105756293 A CN105756293 A CN 105756293A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
geomembrane
roof structure
roof
layer
green
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610268494.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105756293B (en
Inventor
廖述成
李晨榴
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Suzhou Chu Run Eco Science Technology Co Ltd
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Suzhou Chu Run Eco Science Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610268494.0A priority Critical patent/CN105756293B/en
Publication of CN105756293A publication Critical patent/CN105756293A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105756293B publication Critical patent/CN105756293B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D11/00Roof covering, as far as not restricted to features covered by only one of groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00; Roof covering in ways not provided for by groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00, e.g. built-up roofs, elevated load-supporting roof coverings
    • E04D11/002Roof covering, as far as not restricted to features covered by only one of groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00; Roof covering in ways not provided for by groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00, e.g. built-up roofs, elevated load-supporting roof coverings consisting of two or more layers, at least one of the layers permitting turfing of the roof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D11/00Roof covering, as far as not restricted to features covered by only one of groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00; Roof covering in ways not provided for by groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00, e.g. built-up roofs, elevated load-supporting roof coverings
    • E04D11/02Build-up roofs, i.e. consisting of two or more layers bonded together in situ, at least one of the layers being of watertight composition
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage ; Sky-lights
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage ; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/16Insulating devices or arrangements in so far as the roof covering is concerned, e.g. characterised by the material or composition of the roof insulating material or its integration in the roof structure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/254Roof garden systems; Roof coverings with high solar reflectance
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/32Roof garden systems

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Developmental Biology & Embryology (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a green roof structure which comprises a roof and parapet walls arranged on the periphery of the roof, the part, inside the parapet walls, of the roof is provided with a waterproof layer, the waterproof layer is provided with a geomembrane, the geomembrane is provided with a pumice layer, the upper portion of the pumice layer is provided with first geotechnical cloth, the first geotechnical cloth is provided with organic fertilizer, green plants are planted on the organic fertilizer, and the periphery of a drainage portion of the roof is further provided with a blocking and clearance portion.The construction method includes the following steps that 1, roof waterproof check and repair are conducted; 2, cleaning is conducted; 3, the geomembrane is bonded to the waterproof layer through waterproof adhesive, and then the pumice layer and the geotechnical cloth are laid in sequence; 4, the organic fertilizer is laid; 5, domesticated sedum lineare is planted and construction is completed.The green roof structure is simple in structure and convenient to construct, it is helpful to conduct roof waterproofness, and a comfortable living environment is provided.

Description

A kind of Green Roof structure and construction method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building field, be specifically related to a kind of Green Roof structure and construction method thereof.
Background technology
Plane roof is a kind of common building structure, and its waterproof construction is the emphasis construction part of roofing.Waterproof construction of today is typically all laying waterproof coiled material, originally waterproof effect is splendid, but it is all splicing composition due to coiled material, after being exposed to the sun for a long time and drenching with rain, it is easy to the problems such as cracking or breakage occur, cause that roofing seeps water, and owing to this kind of roof directly directly contacts with room, lower section, therefore during summer, in room, temperature is higher, winter again cannot be warming, and the living environment of top layer resident is brought certain impact.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to the problem above overcoming prior art to exist, it is provided that a kind of Green Roof structure and construction method thereof, present configuration is simple, easy construction, and contributes to roof water-proof, it is provided that comfortable living environment.
For realizing above-mentioned technical purpose, reaching above-mentioned technique effect, the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of Green Roof structure, including roof and the parapet being arranged on roof periphery, roof in described parapet is provided with waterproof layer, described waterproof layer is provided with geomembrane, being provided with pumice layer on described geomembrane, described pumice layer top is provided with the first geotextiles, and described first geotextiles is provided with fertilizer, planting on described fertilizer and be implanted with green plants, the Drainage Division periphery on described roof is additionally provided with stop relief portion.
Further, described geomembrane two sides are also compounded with the second geotextiles.
Further, described geomembrane be positioned at parapet side end bending upwards and with parapet laminating arrange.
Further, bond each through water-resistant adhesives between described geomembrane and waterproof layer and between geomembrane and parapet.
Further, counting by weight, described water-resistant adhesives includes following composition: potassium silicate 42-45, Ludox 15-24, deionized water 18-25, poly-isobutyl ester 24-60, aluminium hydroxide 30-40, methoxyphenol 20-40, acetone 10-12, ethanol 10-24, poly-isobutyl ester 20-30, vulcanizing agent 15-20 and dispersant 3-5.
Further, described Drainage Division is gutter, described stop relief portion is brick wall, described brick wall is arranged on the geomembrane of side, gutter, described brick wall side abuts with pumice layer, the first geotextiles and fertilizer side, also being evenly arranged with some pod apertures bottom described brick wall and between geomembrane, described brick wall height is less than parapet height.
Further, described green plants is the Herba Sedi Linearis of domestication.
Further, described geomembrane thickness is 0.4-0.6mm, and described pumice layer thickness is 15-25mm, and the set amount of described first geotextiles is 200-220g/m2, the thickness of described fertilizer is 20-30mm.
Further, also including pouring pipeline, described pouring pipeline supplements water storage for pumice layer.
The construction method of the preparation a kind of Green Roof structure described in claim 1, comprises the following steps:
Step 1) roof water-proof inspection repairing;
Step 2) ready-made waterproof layer is carried out;
Step 3) geomembrane is bonded on waterproof layer by water-resistant adhesives, pumice layer and geotextiles is then laid successively on geomembrane surface;
Step 4) lay fertilizer at Geotextile;
Step 5) plant the Herba Sedi Linearis tamed, complete construction.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Adopt unique roof planting mode, use pumice can store rainwater and can also filter rainwater simultaneously, increase water quality, be stored in the rainwater in pumice and can pass through to evaporate to supplement roof greening planting.Meanwhile, plantation Herba Sedi Linearis can improve roof water-proof standard, it is not necessary to changes roof structure, Herba Sedi Linearis every square metre is weight 20-30Kg only, and therefore every square metre of rainwater that at least can store 20kg is affected without to roof load-bearing, safe and reliable, and play effect cool in summer and warm in winter.
Described above is only the general introduction of technical solution of the present invention, in order to better understand the technological means of the present invention, and can be practiced according to the content of description, below with presently preferred embodiments of the present invention and coordinate accompanying drawing describe in detail as after.The specific embodiment of the present invention is shown in detail in by following example and accompanying drawing thereof.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the technical scheme in embodiment of the present invention technology, the accompanying drawing used required in the description of embodiment technology will be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the premise not paying creative work, it is also possible to obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the part-structure enlarged diagram of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art obtain under not making creative work premise, broadly fall into the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment one
With reference to shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, a kind of Green Roof structure, including roof 1 and the parapet 2 being arranged on roof periphery, roof in parapet is provided with waterproof layer 3, waterproof layer is provided with geomembrane 4, geomembrane is provided with pumice layer 5, pumice layer is in order to store rainwater, the demand of watering of green plants is supplemented by the mode evaporated, pumice layer top is provided with the first geotextiles 6, first geotextiles is provided with fertilizer 7, fertilizer and pumice layer are well separated by the first geotextiles, when avoiding raining, fertilizer is washed away or pours pumice layer, affect the water storage effect of pumice in pumice layer, fertilizer is planted and is implanted with green plants 8, Drainage Division 9 periphery on roof is additionally provided with stop relief portion 10, ensure that fertilizer does not run off, and excessive moisture can flow away, Drainage Division is avoided to block.
Wherein, geomembrane two sides are also compounded with the second geotextiles, make geomembrane without damage, and increase ageing resistace, improve service life.
Geomembrane is positioned at the end bending of parapet side and upwards and arranges with parapet laminating, is reasonably isolated with pumice layer etc. by parapet, it is to avoid make connection loosing under long-time wet environment, have undesirable effect, is also easy to destroy waterproof layer, causes leaking.
Bond each through water-resistant adhesives between geomembrane and waterproof layer and between geomembrane and parapet, improve firmness, and be easy to construction.Counting by weight, water-resistant adhesives includes following composition: silicic acid K43, Ludox 18, deionized water 22, poly-isobutyl ester 50, aluminium hydroxide 35, methoxyphenol 30, acetone 11, ethanol 18, poly-isobutyl ester 25, vulcanizing agent 17 and dispersant 4.This formula is a kind of avirulent product, health for user is considered, the result of use of binding agent is good, and bonding effect is good, has good water proofing property, therefore, it is possible to well geomembrane is bonded adhesion, and keeping persistently not ftractureing, temperature influence is little, all can play good bonding effect between-10 to 100 degrees Celsius, and when physical property test, it also has stronger crushing resistance and permeability resistance.
Drainage Division is gutter, stop relief portion is brick wall, and brick wall is arranged on the geomembrane of side, gutter, and brick wall side abuts with pumice layer, the first geotextiles and fertilizer side, also being evenly arranged with some pod apertures bottom brick wall and between geomembrane, brick wall height is less than parapet height.So design makes excessive rainfall to flow out in gutter from pod apertures, obtains drain, and makes full use of roof area, and protection fertilizer is not flushed away.
Green plants is the Herba Sedi Linearis of domestication.Its growth, without earth, can resist 12 grades of violent typhoon torrential rains, is suitable for being planted in roof, and its vitality is indomitable, can grow indefinite duration in theory, without building, reduces the cost of nourishment.
Geomembrane thickness is 0.4-0.6mm, and pumice layer thickness is 15-25mm, and the set amount of the first geotextiles is 200-220g/m2, the thickness of fertilizer is 20-30mm.Under this thickness, the structure of preparation can play good waterproof effect, also while ensureing the normal growth of Herba Sedi Linearis, reduces overall weight as much as possible, to reduce the carrying on roof, reduces the destruction to building structure.Old housing reform can be applicable to make
Also including pouring pipeline, pouring pipeline supplements water storage for pumice layer, it is possible to facilitate maintenance, maintenance to have only to water, and in 10 days spring, in 30 days other seasons, therefore quite laborsaving saves time.
The construction method of a kind of Green Roof structure of preparation claim 1, comprises the following steps:
Step 1) roof water-proof inspection repairing;
Step 2) ready-made waterproof layer is carried out, it is to avoid magazine, dirt exist, and affect adhesion effect;
Step 3) geomembrane is bonded on waterproof layer by water-resistant adhesives, pumice layer and geotextiles is then laid successively on geomembrane surface;
Step 4) lay fertilizer at Geotextile;
Step 5) plant the Herba Sedi Linearis tamed, complete construction.
This construction method is simple and reliable, and construction requirement is low, and does not affect place where troops were originally stationed water layer, it is possible to is useful on newly-built or built roof, limits little.
Embodiment two
Embodiment two and embodiment one are distinctive in that, counting by weight, water-resistant adhesives includes following composition: silicic acid K42, Ludox 15, deionized water 18, poly-isobutyl ester 24, aluminium hydroxide 30, methoxyphenol 20, acetone 10, ethanol 10, poly-isobutyl ester 20, vulcanizing agent 15 and dispersant 3.It has more prominent bonding effect, and binding speed is fast, is beneficial to construction.
Embodiment three
Embodiment three and embodiment one are distinctive in that, counting by weight, water-resistant adhesives includes following composition: potassium silicate 45, Ludox 24, deionized water 25, poly-isobutyl ester 60, aluminium hydroxide 40, methoxyphenol 40, acetone 12, ethanol 24, poly-isobutyl ester 30, vulcanizing agent 20 and dispersant 5.It has good waterproof effect, resistance to infiltration.
Described above to the disclosed embodiments, makes professional and technical personnel in the field be capable of or uses the present invention.The multiple amendment of these embodiments be will be apparent from for those skilled in the art, and generic principles defined herein can without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention, realize in other embodiments.Therefore, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to the widest scope consistent with principles disclosed herein and features of novelty.

Claims (10)

1. a Green Roof structure, it is characterized in that: include roof and be arranged on the parapet of roof periphery, roof in described parapet is provided with waterproof layer, described waterproof layer is provided with geomembrane, being provided with pumice layer on described geomembrane, described pumice layer top is provided with the first geotextiles, and described first geotextiles is provided with fertilizer, planting on described fertilizer and be implanted with green plants, the Drainage Division periphery on described roof is additionally provided with stop relief portion.
2. a kind of Green Roof structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described geomembrane two sides are also compounded with the second geotextiles.
3. a kind of Green Roof structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described geomembrane is positioned at the end bending of parapet side and upwards and arranges with parapet laminating.
4. a kind of Green Roof structure according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: bond each through water-resistant adhesives between described geomembrane and waterproof layer and between geomembrane and parapet.
5. a kind of Green Roof structure according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: count by weight, described water-resistant adhesives includes following composition: potassium silicate 42-45, Ludox 15-24, deionized water 18-25, poly-isobutyl ester 24-60, aluminium hydroxide 30-40, methoxyphenol 20-40, acetone 10-12, ethanol 10-24, poly-isobutyl ester 20-30, vulcanizing agent 15-20 and dispersant 3-5.
6. a kind of Green Roof structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Drainage Division is gutter, described stop relief portion is brick wall, described brick wall is arranged on the geomembrane of side, gutter, described brick wall side abuts with pumice layer, the first geotextiles and fertilizer side, also being evenly arranged with some pod apertures bottom described brick wall and between geomembrane, described brick wall height is less than parapet height.
7. a kind of Green Roof structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described green plants is the Herba Sedi Linearis of domestication.
8. a kind of Green Roof structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described geomembrane thickness is 0.4-0.6mm, and described pumice layer thickness is 15-25mm, and the weight of described first geotextiles is 200-220g/m2, the thickness of described fertilizer is 20-30mm.
9. a kind of Green Roof structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: also including pouring pipeline, described pouring pipeline supplements water storage for pumice layer.
10. the construction method of the preparation a kind of Green Roof structure described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: comprise the following steps:
Step 1) roof water-proof inspection repairing;
Step 2) ready-made waterproof layer is carried out;
Step 3) geomembrane is bonded on waterproof layer by water-resistant adhesives, pumice layer and geotextiles is then laid successively on geomembrane surface;
Step 4) lay fertilizer at Geotextile;
Step 5) plant the Herba Sedi Linearis tamed, complete construction.
CN201610268494.0A 2016-04-27 2016-04-27 A kind of Green Roof structure and its construction method Active CN105756293B (en)

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CN105756293B CN105756293B (en) 2018-05-11

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106613289A (en) * 2017-01-26 2017-05-10 天津市建筑工程质量检测中心 Fabricated type passive greening system for roof
CN108293506A (en) * 2016-08-29 2018-07-20 李飞 A kind of modularization vegetation for roof greening

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101191363A (en) * 2006-11-28 2008-06-04 贵阳铝镁设计研究院 Planting zoology roofing for infiltration crystallization type concrete topping
CN102587592A (en) * 2012-03-30 2012-07-18 中国建筑股份有限公司 Roof greening drainage structure and construction method thereof
CN102720308A (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-10-10 江苏山水建设集团有限公司 Roof greening structure
CN103806602A (en) * 2014-03-06 2014-05-21 四川雅豪房地产开发有限公司 Greening method for building roof
CN105340506A (en) * 2015-09-15 2016-02-24 广东易绿谷屋顶绿化有限公司 Novel domestication method for roof greening sedum lineare
CN205591440U (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-09-21 苏州础润生态科技有限公司 Green roof structure

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101191363A (en) * 2006-11-28 2008-06-04 贵阳铝镁设计研究院 Planting zoology roofing for infiltration crystallization type concrete topping
CN102720308A (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-10-10 江苏山水建设集团有限公司 Roof greening structure
CN102587592A (en) * 2012-03-30 2012-07-18 中国建筑股份有限公司 Roof greening drainage structure and construction method thereof
CN103806602A (en) * 2014-03-06 2014-05-21 四川雅豪房地产开发有限公司 Greening method for building roof
CN105340506A (en) * 2015-09-15 2016-02-24 广东易绿谷屋顶绿化有限公司 Novel domestication method for roof greening sedum lineare
CN205591440U (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-09-21 苏州础润生态科技有限公司 Green roof structure

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108293506A (en) * 2016-08-29 2018-07-20 李飞 A kind of modularization vegetation for roof greening
CN106613289A (en) * 2017-01-26 2017-05-10 天津市建筑工程质量检测中心 Fabricated type passive greening system for roof
CN106613289B (en) * 2017-01-26 2022-12-27 天津市建筑工程质量检测中心有限公司 Assembled passive greening system for roof

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