CN103766164B - Be applicable to the daylight ecological greenhouse of high and cold area - Google Patents

Be applicable to the daylight ecological greenhouse of high and cold area Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103766164B
CN103766164B CN201410057782.2A CN201410057782A CN103766164B CN 103766164 B CN103766164 B CN 103766164B CN 201410057782 A CN201410057782 A CN 201410057782A CN 103766164 B CN103766164 B CN 103766164B
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string
daylight
applicable
insulation
cold area
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CN103766164A (en
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于彦国
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HARBIN JIAMEI GREENHOUSE FACILITY Co Ltd
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HARBIN JIAMEI GREENHOUSE FACILITY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

<b> the present invention relates to the daylight ecological greenhouse that a kind of </b><bGreatT.Gre aT.GT is applicable to high and cold area.</b><bGreatT.Gre aT.GT green house scarp slope adopts the light-transmissive film of individual layer as heat-insulation system, and at its outer cotton-wadded quilt that increases as night insulation layer, the few heat insulation effect of the insulation number of plies is poor.Need independent heating cable to heat to soil, increase booth and cultivate cost.A suitable for solar ecological greenhouse in high latitude area, its composition includes: a set of skeleton support system and two side walls, slope pervious to light insulation membrane before skeleton support system (& lt; / b> & lt; b> 1 & lt; / b> & lt; b>), pervious to light the outer insulation membrane has the outer insulation layer (& lt; / b> & lt; b> 2 & lt; / b> & lt; b>)Slope set in turn insulation film after, skeleton support system (& lt; / b> & lt; b> 3 & lt; / b> & lt; b>)After the roof insulation layer, software (& lt; / b> & lt; b> 4 & lt; / b> & lt; b>), outer thermal insulation membrane (& lt; / b> & lt; b> 5 & lt; / b> & lt; b>)And weather resistance membrane (& lt; / b> & lt; b> 6 & lt; / b> & lt; b>);Skeleton support system including arc chord (& lt; / b> & lt; b> 7 & lt; / b> & lt; b>)And a set of strings brace (& lt; / b> & lt; b> 8 & lt; / b> & lt; b>)And string brace at the other end of the connection line arch beam (& lt; / b> & lt; b> 9 & lt; / b> & lt; b>), put string connection layer in the arc and the roll system (& lt; / b> & lt; b> 10 & lt; / b> & lt; b>)And the water cycle regenerative system (& lt; / b> & lt; b> 11 & lt; / b> & lt; b>).The present invention is applied to green house.</b>

Description

Be applicable to the daylight ecological greenhouse of high and cold area
technical field:
the present invention relates to a kind of daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area.
background technology:
the enclosed structure of the additional heat-insulation layer of existing greenhouse by solar heat many employings brick wall body or cob wall body, in greenhouse, institute's amount of stored heat availability is low, and cause greenhouse cooling speed fast, plant growth environment is poor.Front roof adopts Single-layer Insulation to be added the thermal retardation form of Single-layer Insulation film, and without two layers of insulation construction, poor thermal insulation property, cause northern Cold Winter to produce thermophilous, farmers' income is low, reduces plantation enthusiasm.Market fruit and vegetable need to buy from other places, and market dish valency is high, increase people's living expense.
summary of the invention:
the object of this invention is to provide a kind of daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area.
above-mentioned object is realized by following technical scheme:
a kind of daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area, its composition comprises: one group of skeletal support system and two side gables, the skin of described skeletal support system scarp slope arranges transparent insulating film, described transparent insulating film skin has external thermal insulation, and the skin of described skeletal support system adverse grade sets gradually roofing heat-insulating layer, outer insulation film and Weather-proof film after insulation film, software; Described skeletal support system comprises one group of string lacing wire that in string in arc, described arc, string connects, and the Broken Line Arch ellbeam that the described string lacing wire other end connects, and in described arc, string connects two layers of insulation volume place system and water circulation hold over system.
the described daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area, described string lacing wire head and the tail connect in turn.
the described daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area, described transparent insulating film is one group of light-transmissive film, and the lower end of described light-transmissive film is overlapped in the skin of another light-transmissive film upper end.
the described daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area, after described insulation film and software, the bottom of roofing heat-insulating layer is laid in the Cold-proof Ditch of ground excavation, described outer insulation film inwardly wraps up the end of roofing heat-insulating layer after described insulation film and software, and described weathering layer is embedded in described Cold-proof Ditch.
the described daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area, described Broken Line Arch ellbeam is the straight beam that one group of head and the tail connects successively, and described straight beam is steel pipe or reinforcing bar.
the described daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area, in described arc, the internal layer of string adverse grade also has internal layer insulation film, and described water circulation hold over system is fitted fixing by the string face of string in one group of magnetic block and described arc.
the described daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area, in described arc, the internal layer of string adverse grade also has internal layer insulation film, and described water circulation hold over system is fitted fixing by the string face of string in one group of steel wire rope and described arc.
the described daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area, in described arc, the internal layer of string adverse grade also has internal layer insulation film, the arranged outside barrier fence of described water circulation hold over system, described barrier fence also has one group of column and one group of gear line, described column with keep off that line is vertical is connected; Described column bottom is embedded in below ground.
the described daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area, described side gable is brick wall body or thermal insulating soft layer or hollow glass wall or sunlight board wall.
beneficial effect of the present invention:
1. the present invention devises a kind of novel daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area, and utilize the heat-insulation layer that the forward and backward slope of skeletal support system bearing is arranged, side gable is brick wall body or thermal insulating soft layer.The whole daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area also has insulation volume place system and water circulation hold over system, without concrete foundation in ecological greenhouse process of construction, directly skeletal support system bottom is arranged earth anchor, wind loading rating is strong, and construction costs is only 2/3 of brick wall body temperature room.The skeletal support system that the present invention adopts belongs to movable assembled building, and foundation-free is convenient to second ploughing, and its skeletal support system comprises string in arc, folding
line arched girder and the one group of string lacing wire arranged between the two, in arc, string provides powerful support force, Broken Line Arch ellbeam is one group of steel pipe or reinforcing bar straight beam of connecting successively from beginning to end, and can increase light transmittance, string lacing wire improves endurance degree and the stability of whole double layer support beam.These structural members can be produced in batches by batch production, and are directly used in assembling construction and can improve building speed, reduce idle land time construction time.In addition, water circulation hold over system is heated up by the water of splendid attire in cistern and the device of plant irrigating, heating soil.When water-storing device adopts water bag, every linear meter can retaining 0.25 ton, when when daytime 9 ~ 16, intensity of sunshine is large, can be that 20 tons of water of the greenhouse internal memory of 80 meters are warming up to about 40 DEG C by length; The temperature that water body stores to be had can slow down room temperature lowering speed at night, can make up winter outdoor low temperature to the impact of indoor, makes that plant growth is temperature required remains on 12-30 DEG C, ensures that plant often grows.When summer temp is higher simultaneously, is realized the recycling replacing of water at low temperature in indoor high-temperature water and well by water circulation hold over system, reduce warm indoor temperature.
the light-transmissive film that the transparent insulating film arranged in scarp slope in the present invention adopts a set of segmentation to arrange, the lower end of epimere light-transmissive film and the upper end of hypomere light-transmissive film overlap and arrange, and be upper outside lower interior form, play the effect to indoor heat insulating, the situation that rainwater can be avoided again to pour in down a chimney occurs, during greenhouse ventilation, overlap between two pieces of light-transmissive films is separated.
two layers of insulation volume place system that the present invention is arranged on the inwall of skeletal support system, secondary insulation effect is played to the temperature in greenhouse, improve greenhouse air-tightness, reduce perfusion heat release, the daylight ecological greenhouse implants growth being conducive to keeping being applicable to high and cold area is temperature required stable; And controlled by electric screen robling machine, easy to operate time saving and energy saving.
accompanying drawing illustrates:
accompanying drawing 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
structural representation when accompanying drawing 2 is water circulation hold over system arranged outside barrier fence of the present invention.
accompanying drawing 3 is structural representations of embodiment 8 and embodiment 9.
embodiment:
embodiment 1:
a kind of daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area, its composition comprises: one group of skeletal support system and two side gables, the skin of described skeletal support system scarp slope arranges transparent insulating film 1, described transparent insulating film skin has external thermal insulation 2, and the skin of described skeletal support system adverse grade sets gradually roofing heat-insulating layer 4, outer insulation film 5 and Weather-proof film 6 after insulation film 3, software; Described skeletal support system comprises one group of string lacing wire 8 that in string 7 in arc, described arc, string connects, and the Broken Line Arch ellbeam 9 that the described string lacing wire other end connects, in described arc, string connects two layers of insulation volume place system 10 and water circulation hold over system 11.
described external thermal insulation connects spool, and described spool connects shutter 12.
embodiment 2:
the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to embodiment 1, described string lacing wire head and the tail connect in turn.
embodiment 3:
the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to embodiment 1 or 2, described transparent insulating film is one group of light-transmissive film, and the lower end of described light-transmissive film is overlapped in the skin of another light-transmissive film upper end.
embodiment 4:
the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to embodiment 1 or 2, after described insulation film and software, the bottom of roofing heat-insulating layer is laid in the Cold-proof Ditch of ground excavation, described outer insulation film inwardly wraps up the end of roofing heat-insulating layer after described insulation film and software, and described weathering layer is embedded in described Cold-proof Ditch.After roofing heat-insulating layer is laid on ground Cold-proof Ditch after described insulation film and software, bankets and bury.
embodiment 5:
the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to embodiment 1 or 2, described Broken Line Arch ellbeam is the straight beam that one group of head and the tail connects successively, and described straight beam is steel pipe or reinforcing bar.
embodiment 6:
the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to embodiment 1 or 2, in described arc, the internal layer of string adverse grade also has internal layer insulation film 13, and described water circulation hold over system is fitted fixing by the string face of string in one group of magnetic block and described arc.
embodiment 7:
the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to embodiment 6, in described arc, the internal layer of string adverse grade also has internal layer insulation film, and described water circulation hold over system is fitted fixing by the string face of string in one group of steel wire rope and described arc.
the two ends of described steel wire rope are fixed on two side gables in greenhouse.
embodiment 8:
the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to embodiment 6 or 7, in described arc, the internal layer of string adverse grade also has internal layer insulation film, the arranged outside barrier fence of described water circulation hold over system, described barrier fence also has one group of column 14 and one group of gear line 15, described column with keep off that line is vertical is connected; Described column bottom is embedded in below ground, and described column top is positioned at the belly of described water-storing device, and described column top connects spacer device 16; Described spacer device is the one in reinforcing bar, steel pipe or steel wire rope.
embodiment 9:
the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to embodiment 8, described column bottom to be welded in described arc bottom string by reinforcing bar 17, one end of described lateral bracket is fixed on described column top, and the described column first half is arc;
embodiment 10:
the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to embodiment 1 or 2, described side gable is brick wall body or thermal insulating soft layer or hollow glass wall or sunlight board wall.
described thermal insulating soft layer is one or more in thermal insulation quilt, rock wool, mineral wool or glass silk flosssilk wadding.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area, its composition comprises: one group of skeletal support system and two side gables, it is characterized in that: the skin of described skeletal support system scarp slope arranges transparent insulating film, described transparent insulating film skin has external thermal insulation, and the skin of described skeletal support system adverse grade sets gradually roofing heat-insulating layer, outer insulation film and Weather-proof film after insulation film, software; Described skeletal support system comprises one group of string lacing wire that in string in arc, described arc, string connects, and the Broken Line Arch ellbeam that the described string lacing wire other end connects, and in described arc, string connects two layers of insulation volume place system and water circulation hold over system.
2. the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described string lacing wire head and the tail connect in turn.
3. the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described transparent insulating film is one group of light-transmissive film, and the lower end of described light-transmissive film is overlapped in the skin of another light-transmissive film upper end.
4. the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: after described insulation film and software, the bottom of roofing heat-insulating layer is laid in the Cold-proof Ditch of ground excavation, described outer insulation film inwardly wraps up the end of roofing heat-insulating layer after described insulation film and software, and described weathering layer is embedded in described Cold-proof Ditch.
5. the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described Broken Line Arch ellbeam is the straight beam that one group of head and the tail connects successively, and described straight beam is steel pipe or reinforcing bar.
6. the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described arc, the internal layer of string adverse grade also has internal layer insulation film, described water circulation hold over system is fitted fixing by the string face of string in one group of magnetic block and described arc.
7. the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: in described arc, the internal layer of string adverse grade also has internal layer insulation film, described water circulation hold over system is fitted fixing by the string face of string in one group of steel wire rope and described arc.
8. the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described arc, the internal layer of string adverse grade also has internal layer insulation film, the arranged outside barrier fence of described water circulation hold over system, described barrier fence also has one group of column and one group of gear line, described column with keep off that line is vertical is connected; Described column bottom is embedded in below ground.
9. the daylight ecological greenhouse being applicable to high and cold area according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described side gable is brick wall body or thermal insulating soft layer or hollow glass wall or sunlight board wall.
CN201410057782.2A 2014-02-20 2014-02-20 Be applicable to the daylight ecological greenhouse of high and cold area Active CN103766164B (en)

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CN105165469B (en) * 2015-07-15 2022-09-06 北京加中绿环农业科技有限公司 Large-span arch passive form intelligent greenhouse
CN105941014B (en) * 2016-06-02 2019-05-10 广德县露露果蔬种植家庭农场 A kind of ceiling of greenhouse
CN106613518A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-10 张富年 Pressing plate type greenhouse framework and light and stable solar greenhouse
CN106665193A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-17 闻丞 Building and utilization method thereof
CN106688707A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-05-24 邓新福 Novel greenhouse with heat storage function
CN107018820A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-08-08 王清祥 Large span non-support energy saving sunlight greenhouse greenhouse
CN110521454B (en) * 2019-09-12 2021-11-12 寿光市泰源农业科技发展有限公司 Automatic agriculture hot house of antidetonation anti-wind

Citations (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3234348A1 (en) * 1982-09-16 1984-03-22 Schüller, Hermann, Dipl.-Kfm., 2910 Westerstede Building comprising a supporting structure and walls and floors of glass
US4852298A (en) * 1988-02-22 1989-08-01 Peter Markos Portable cold frame
US6497074B2 (en) * 1999-06-10 2002-12-24 Sunarc Structures Inc. Multi-layer flexible panel modules with exterior and interior stressed layers spread apart at the ends and connected intermediate the ends inducing opposing concave deflections to the layers
DE202004003273U1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2004-07-29 Noack, Malgorzata Hail and heavy rainfall protection system for greenhouse for growing plants uses several overlapping layers of sheet metal covering glass roof
CN201378978Y (en) * 2009-03-25 2010-01-13 谭国华 Film solar greenhouse
CN102613028A (en) * 2012-04-09 2012-08-01 黄文永 One-wall energy-saving sunlight greenhouse
CN203692058U (en) * 2014-02-20 2014-07-09 哈尔滨佳美温室设施有限公司 Sunlight ecological greenhouse applicable to alpine region

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3234348A1 (en) * 1982-09-16 1984-03-22 Schüller, Hermann, Dipl.-Kfm., 2910 Westerstede Building comprising a supporting structure and walls and floors of glass
US4852298A (en) * 1988-02-22 1989-08-01 Peter Markos Portable cold frame
US6497074B2 (en) * 1999-06-10 2002-12-24 Sunarc Structures Inc. Multi-layer flexible panel modules with exterior and interior stressed layers spread apart at the ends and connected intermediate the ends inducing opposing concave deflections to the layers
DE202004003273U1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2004-07-29 Noack, Malgorzata Hail and heavy rainfall protection system for greenhouse for growing plants uses several overlapping layers of sheet metal covering glass roof
CN201378978Y (en) * 2009-03-25 2010-01-13 谭国华 Film solar greenhouse
CN102613028A (en) * 2012-04-09 2012-08-01 黄文永 One-wall energy-saving sunlight greenhouse
CN203692058U (en) * 2014-02-20 2014-07-09 哈尔滨佳美温室设施有限公司 Sunlight ecological greenhouse applicable to alpine region

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Address after: 2201, room 1, unit 150070, building H, glory street, Shun Tung Street, Daoli District, Harbin, Heilongjiang

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