CN103806602A - Greening method for building roof - Google Patents

Greening method for building roof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103806602A
CN103806602A CN201410078794.3A CN201410078794A CN103806602A CN 103806602 A CN103806602 A CN 103806602A CN 201410078794 A CN201410078794 A CN 201410078794A CN 103806602 A CN103806602 A CN 103806602A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
roof
root
waterproof
greening method
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Pending
Application number
CN201410078794.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贺昶明
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Sichuan Ya Hao Real Estate Co ltd
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Sichuan Ya Hao Real Estate Co ltd
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Priority to CN201410078794.3A priority Critical patent/CN103806602A/en
Publication of CN103806602A publication Critical patent/CN103806602A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/254Roof garden systems; Roof coverings with high solar reflectance
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/32Roof garden systems

Abstract

The invention discloses a greening method for a building roof, wherein double-layer two-way concrete slabs are adopted, the space between the two concrete slabs is 150mm*150mm, waterproof concrete with the C35P6 label or higher label is adopted for one-piece casting to form a roof layer, pipelines for a water drainage and supply system are pre-buried in the concrete, then a root-proof layer is additionally arranged on a waterproof protection layer, the root-proof layer can prevent the roots of vegetables from entering a roof structure of a building, a water storage layer, a water permeating and draining layer and a soil layer arranged sequentially on the root-proof layer provide a good growth environment for the vegetables, wherein the waterproof layer is arranged on the roof layer, the waterproof protection layer is arranged on the waterproof layer, the root-proof layer is arranged on the waterproof protection layer, a soil separation layer is arranged on the water permeating and draining layer, and the soil layer is arranged on the soil separation layer. Gravels or pebbles with the grain size of 1.5-4cm are paved on the water storage layer to form the water draining layer, and the spare rainwater rapidly falls off through gaps among the gravels or pebbles and is drained through the water drainage system.

Description

The greening method on a kind of building roof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building structure, specifically refer to the greening method on a kind of building roof.
Background technology
Roof greening can be interpreted as widely in all kinds of ancient and present architecture things, structure, city and enclose, carries out landscape architecture, the general designation of plantation trees flowers on roof, balcony, balcony, balcony or the large-sized artificial artificial hillock massif of bridge etc.Roof greening, to increasing urban green space area, improves the environment for human survival space of increasingly worsening; Improve because of city high rise building mansion stand in great numbers the hard of numerous roads mat formation due to day by day rare situation of local plants group; Improve the urban heat land effect forming because of overcut natural forest and various exhaust emission, the harm to the mankind such as sandstorm; The developing mankind afforest new space, build garden city, improve the people's habitat condition, improve the quality of living, and to beautifying urban environment, energy conservation, improving ecological effect has extremely important meaning.Roof greening has following effect: 1 improves urban environment looks, improves citizen's live and work environmental quality, beautifies the environment; 2 improve heat island effect, absorb heat energy, help heat radiation; 3 absorption airborne dusts, increase oxygen content in air, purify air; 4 regulate top layer temperature, and then lower power consumption; 5 protection top of building, extend roofing materials application life; Earth, the filter layer of 6 greening use can use building debris, make the best use of everything; 7 alleviating urban heat island effects, thermal insulation, reduces the use of air-conditioning, energy conservation; 8 subdue city noise; 9 increase air humidity, purified water source; 10 improve land resources utilization rate; 11 can plant gourd, fruit and vegetable, form city or kitchen garden, orchard.But, necessarily, in the diversified situation of Modeling Material, form and meet the environment of plant growth and be not easy at the load of building roofing, and start to carry out roof greening entirety view is made at roof construction layer, more make extremely difficult.On traditional roof structure, planting operation, has higher requirement in the aspects such as waterproof to roofing, cracking resistance, the operation of thin portion.Thereby need to research and develop lightweight, easily construction, easy care, roof greening foundation structure easy to use and cost-effective.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the greening method on a kind of building roof, for building roofing greening provides a kind of artificial combination basis, form the basic condition of roof greening.
Object of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The greening method on building roof, first adopts double-layer double-direction reinforcing bar, and its spacing is 150mm*150mm, and the roofing layer that adopts the waterproof concrete monobloc cast of C35P6 or above label to form is embedded with the pipeline of draining water supply system in concrete; Then adopt on fish tail and waterproof layer to increase to arrange every root layer, can stop the root of plant to enter in the top level structure of building every root layer, provide good growing environment at the aquifer setting gradually, permeable drainage blanket, soil horizon for plant on root layer; Wherein, described waterproofing course is arranged on roofing layer, is provided with fish tail and waterproof layer on waterproofing course, is provided with every root layer on fish tail and waterproof layer, on permeable drainage blanket, is provided with every soil layer, is being provided with soil horizon on soil layer.The biggest obstacle of building roofing greening is at present that the root of plant is likely invaded in the building structure gap of roofing after long term growth; make roof building connection loosing cracking; the 2nd, the waterproof construction water resistance of roofing is poor; be unsuitable for plantation; therefore; adopt on fish tail and waterproof layer and increase and arrange every root layer; can stop the root of plant to enter in the top level structure of building every root layer, provide good growing environment at the aquifer setting gradually, permeable drainage blanket, soil horizon for plant on root layer.
Describedly formed by any one overlap joint in nonwoven, glass wool cloth, Polypropylence Sheet every root layer.Further, to stop that the root of plant enters the inside of building every the object of root layer, therefore need to adopt the material that toughness is good, plant roots and stems cannot penetrate to make, any one in such material current preferably nonwoven, glass wool cloth, Polypropylence Sheet, consider overall drainage performance, between material block, employing overlaps the mode of stack and does not adopt bonding mode.
Described aquifer forms by being laid on the foamed plastics that thickness is 4~8cm on root layer.Further, for the necessary moisture that guarantees that plant growth is required, the foamed plastics that employing thickness is 4~8cm is laid on root layer and forms aquifer, can adsorb and preserve a certain amount of moisture, for plant provides necessary water, in the time that water retention capacity is too much, can discharge by the side opening being arranged in aquifer.
Described permeable drainage blanket is laid on aquifer and is formed by the rubble of particle diameter 1.5~4cm or cobble, and its thickness is 10~18cm.Further, the common water-fast flooded ability of plant of roofing is poor, rainwater many season easily because of dead in being immersed in water for a long time, therefore, roofing plant needs good drainage system, in the time guaranteeing the required moisture of growth, unnecessary moisture need to be got rid of, on aquifer, lay rubble or the cobble of particle diameter 1.5~4cm, form drainage blanket, unnecessary rainwater hurtles down by the gap of rubble or cobble quality inspection, and discharges by the drainage system that is arranged on aquifer.
Described is formed by geotextile laying every soil layer on permeable drainage blanket.Further, in order to prevent that the earth of soil layer from falling in the gap of permeable drainage blanket, reduce its drainability, between soil horizon and permeable drainage blanket, be equipped with one deck geotextiles, geotextiles has outstanding filtration, draining, isolation, reinforcement, antiseepage, protective action, have lightweight, tensile strength is high, good penetrability, high temperature resistant, anti-freezing, ageing-resistant, corrosion-resistant, is applicable to very much the use of roof greening.
Described waterproofing course is divided into two-layer, and be made up of the thick P molded breadth width polyvinyl chloride sheet of 15mm or the thick high density polyethylene (HDPE) of 1mm on upper strata, and lower floor is the thick polyurethane of 2mm or Silicone Rubber Coated layer.
Described waterproofing course is by polyester blank SBS or APP is bonding is formed by stacking, and its thickness is 5~8mm.
The present invention compared with prior art, has following advantage and beneficial effect:
The greening method on a kind of building of 1 the present invention roof, adopt on fish tail and waterproof layer and arrange every root layer, can stop the root of plant to enter in the top level structure of building every root layer, provide good growing environment at the aquifer setting gradually, permeable drainage blanket, soil horizon for plant on root layer;
The greening method on a kind of building of 2 the present invention roof, roofing plant needs good drainage system, in the time guaranteeing the required moisture of growth, unnecessary moisture need to be got rid of, on aquifer, lay rubble or the cobble of particle diameter 1.5~4cm, form drainage blanket, unnecessary rainwater hurtles down by the gap of rubble or cobble quality inspection, and is discharged by drainage system;
The greening method on a kind of building of 3 the present invention roof, the foamed plastics that employing thickness is 4~8cm is laid on root layer and forms aquifer, can adsorb and preserve a certain amount of moisture, for plant provides necessary water.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Mark and corresponding component title in accompanying drawing:
1-roofing layer, 2-waterproofing course, 3-fish tail and waterproof layer, 4-is every root layer, 5-aquifer, the permeable drainage blanket of 6-, 7-is every soil layer, 8-soil horizon.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited to this.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the greening method on a kind of building of the present invention roof, comprise the roofing layer 1 that steel concrete is made, roofing layer 1 is as compression face, need to improve its intensity, adopt double-layer double-direction reinforcing bar, its spacing is 150mm*150mm, adopt the waterproof concrete monobloc cast of C35P6 or above label to form, in concrete, be embedded with the pipeline of draining water supply system; On roofing layer 1, be provided with waterproofing course 2, waterproofing course 2 has two kinds of form of structure, the first adopts double-layer structure, be made up of the thick P molded breadth width polyvinyl chloride sheet of 15mm or the thick high density polyethylene (HDPE) of 1mm on upper strata, lower floor is the thick polyurethane of 2mm or Silicone Rubber Coated layer, the second is by polyester blank SBS or APP is bonding is formed by stacking, and its thickness is 5~8mm;
On waterproofing course 2, be provided with fish tail and waterproof layer 3, it is that C20 or above mixed the rolling of microlith are coagulated soil that fish tail and waterproof layer 3 adopts label, more than building thickness 5cm; On fish tail and waterproof layer 3, be provided with every root layer 4, adopt the nonwoven that toughness is good, plant roots and stems cannot penetrate to make; On root layer 4, be provided with aquifer 5, the foamed plastics that employing thickness is 4~8cm is laid on and on root layer 4, forms aquifer 5; On aquifer 5, be provided with permeable drainage blanket 6, adopt the rubble of particle diameter 1.5~4cm or cobble to be laid on and on aquifer 5, form the permeable drainage blanket 6 that thickness is 10~18cm; On permeable drainage blanket 6, be provided with every soil layer 7, between soil horizon 8 and permeable drainage blanket 6, be equipped with one deck geotextiles and form every soil layer 7; On soil layer 7, be provided with soil horizon 8, the thickness of different soil horizon 8 can be set according to the plant classification that will plant, more than conventionally needing 50cm, as needs are planted arbor, edaphic thickness should be more than 100cm.
As mentioned above, just can realize well the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. the greening method on a building roof, it is characterized in that: first adopt double-layer double-direction reinforcing bar, its spacing is 150mm*150mm, and the roofing layer (1) that adopts the waterproof concrete monobloc cast of C35P6 or above label to form is embedded with the pipeline of draining water supply system in concrete; Then adopt on fish tail and waterproof layer and increase and arrange every root layer (4), can stop the root of plant to enter in the top level structure of building every root layer (4), provide good growing environment at the aquifer (5) setting gradually, permeable drainage blanket (6), soil horizon (8) for plant on root layer (4); Wherein, described waterproofing course (2) is arranged on roofing layer (1); on waterproofing course (2), be provided with fish tail and waterproof layer (3); on fish tail and waterproof layer (3), be provided with every root layer (4); on permeable drainage blanket (6), be provided with every soil layer, on soil layer (7), be provided with soil horizon (8).
2. the greening method on a kind of building according to claim 1 roof, is characterized in that: describedly formed by any one overlap joint in nonwoven, glass wool cloth, Polypropylence Sheet every root layer (4).
3. the greening method on a kind of building according to claim 1 roof, is characterized in that: described aquifer (5) forms by being laid on every root layer (4) foamed plastics that above thickness is 4~8cm.
4. the greening method on a kind of building according to claim 1 roof, is characterized in that: described permeable drainage blanket (6) is laid on by the rubble of particle diameter 1.5~4cm or cobble that aquifer (5) is upper to be formed, and its thickness is 10~18cm.
5. the greening method on a kind of building according to claim 1 roof, is characterized in that: described is above formed at permeable drainage blanket (6) by geotextile laying every soil layer (7).
6. the greening method on a kind of building according to claim 1 roof, it is characterized in that: described waterproofing course (2) is divided into two-layer, be made up of the thick P molded breadth width polyvinyl chloride sheet of 15mm or the thick high density polyethylene (HDPE) of 1mm on upper strata, and lower floor is the thick polyurethane of 2mm or Silicone Rubber Coated layer.
7. the greening method on a kind of building according to claim 1 roof, is characterized in that: described waterproofing course (2) is by polyester blank SBS or APP is bonding is formed by stacking, and its thickness is 5~8mm.
CN201410078794.3A 2014-03-06 2014-03-06 Greening method for building roof Pending CN103806602A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105756293A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-07-13 苏州础润生态科技有限公司 Green roof structure and construction method thereof
CN106760247A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-31 安庆市鼎升环保科技有限公司 The method for paving that a kind of roof is afforested using environment-friendly stalk vegetation blanket
CN108019001A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-11 吉林建筑大学 A kind of Green Roof and water-saving system
US20190048591A1 (en) * 2015-11-12 2019-02-14 Industrial Waterproof Systems Ltd. Inverted roofing system and method
CN109667333A (en) * 2017-10-14 2019-04-23 廖志琳 A kind of earthing plantation formula balcony construct
CN109667334A (en) * 2017-10-14 2019-04-23 梁秋云 A kind of water storage pond type balcony construct
CN109989523A (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-07-09 江苏建筑职业技术学院 A kind of clear water moulding green concrete column Nest architecture and way
CN110847514A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-02-28 南京青藤农业科技有限公司 Construction method for planting ground structure of roof garden
CN112243738A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-01-22 王晓军 Roof greening system for energy-saving building
CN112302261A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-02-02 上海临河建设有限公司 Method for building ecological roof system and ecological roof system structure
CN112703282A (en) * 2018-09-28 2021-04-23 陶氏环球技术有限责任公司 Hydrophilic complexes
CN112739736A (en) * 2018-09-28 2021-04-30 陶氏环球技术有限责任公司 Hydrophilic polyurethane foams for water retention applications
CN113367059A (en) * 2020-03-09 2021-09-10 上海乡见创意设计有限公司 Water supply and drainage system for landscaping

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1130233A (en) * 1995-10-27 1996-09-04 刘邦贵 High efficient water-proof insulation flat roof and its technology
JP2006158303A (en) * 2004-12-08 2006-06-22 Sliontec Corp Light weight rooftop greening waterproof method of construction or light weight roof greening corrosion-proof method of construction
CN1970962A (en) * 2006-12-01 2007-05-30 刘邦贵 Permanently waterproof and green roofing
JP2008142044A (en) * 2006-12-13 2008-06-26 Daikure Co Ltd Greening panel
CN202338072U (en) * 2011-12-02 2012-07-18 四川省瑞云环境绿化工程有限公司 Building structure for greening top surface of building
CN103583338A (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-02-19 北京东方园林股份有限公司 Roof green planting structure

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1130233A (en) * 1995-10-27 1996-09-04 刘邦贵 High efficient water-proof insulation flat roof and its technology
JP2006158303A (en) * 2004-12-08 2006-06-22 Sliontec Corp Light weight rooftop greening waterproof method of construction or light weight roof greening corrosion-proof method of construction
CN1970962A (en) * 2006-12-01 2007-05-30 刘邦贵 Permanently waterproof and green roofing
JP2008142044A (en) * 2006-12-13 2008-06-26 Daikure Co Ltd Greening panel
CN202338072U (en) * 2011-12-02 2012-07-18 四川省瑞云环境绿化工程有限公司 Building structure for greening top surface of building
CN103583338A (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-02-19 北京东方园林股份有限公司 Roof green planting structure

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20190048591A1 (en) * 2015-11-12 2019-02-14 Industrial Waterproof Systems Ltd. Inverted roofing system and method
CN105756293A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-07-13 苏州础润生态科技有限公司 Green roof structure and construction method thereof
CN106760247A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-31 安庆市鼎升环保科技有限公司 The method for paving that a kind of roof is afforested using environment-friendly stalk vegetation blanket
CN109667334A (en) * 2017-10-14 2019-04-23 梁秋云 A kind of water storage pond type balcony construct
CN109667333A (en) * 2017-10-14 2019-04-23 廖志琳 A kind of earthing plantation formula balcony construct
CN108019001B (en) * 2017-11-16 2020-04-28 吉林建筑大学 Green roof and water saving system
CN108019001A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-11 吉林建筑大学 A kind of Green Roof and water-saving system
CN109989523A (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-07-09 江苏建筑职业技术学院 A kind of clear water moulding green concrete column Nest architecture and way
CN112703282A (en) * 2018-09-28 2021-04-23 陶氏环球技术有限责任公司 Hydrophilic complexes
CN112739736A (en) * 2018-09-28 2021-04-30 陶氏环球技术有限责任公司 Hydrophilic polyurethane foams for water retention applications
CN112739736B (en) * 2018-09-28 2023-03-17 陶氏环球技术有限责任公司 Hydrophilic polyurethane foams for water retention applications
CN110847514A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-02-28 南京青藤农业科技有限公司 Construction method for planting ground structure of roof garden
CN113367059A (en) * 2020-03-09 2021-09-10 上海乡见创意设计有限公司 Water supply and drainage system for landscaping
CN112243738A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-01-22 王晓军 Roof greening system for energy-saving building
CN112243738B (en) * 2020-10-23 2023-08-25 中亿丰建设集团股份有限公司 Roof greening system for energy-saving building
CN112302261A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-02-02 上海临河建设有限公司 Method for building ecological roof system and ecological roof system structure

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Application publication date: 20140521