CN105621122A - Automatic container wharf loading and unloading system and method for yard - Google Patents

Automatic container wharf loading and unloading system and method for yard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105621122A
CN105621122A CN201610159438.3A CN201610159438A CN105621122A CN 105621122 A CN105621122 A CN 105621122A CN 201610159438 A CN201610159438 A CN 201610159438A CN 105621122 A CN105621122 A CN 105621122A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ship
case
container
track
unloading
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610159438.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林浩
唐勤华
何继红
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CCCC Third Harbor Consultants
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CCCC Third Harbor Consultants
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CCCC Third Harbor Consultants filed Critical CCCC Third Harbor Consultants
Priority to CN201610159438.3A priority Critical patent/CN105621122A/en
Publication of CN105621122A publication Critical patent/CN105621122A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G67/00Loading or unloading vehicles
    • B65G67/60Loading or unloading ships
    • B65G67/603Loading or unloading ships using devices specially adapted for articles

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic container wharf loading and unloading system for a yard. The automatic container wharf loading and unloading system comprises quay cranes, trucks and yard single-cantilever rail-mounted gantry cranes, wherein the yard single-cantilever rail-mounted gantry cranes are automatically controlled. The quay cranes are used for perpendicularly and horizontally transporting containers from a container ship to a shore side operation area. The quay cranes are arranged on the front edge of a berth, and rails of the quay cranes are parallel to the direction of a berth shoreline. A hatchway cover of the container ship is unloaded into the rails of the quay cranes from a deck of the container ship. Truck loading and unloading lanes used for conducting ship loading and unloading operation are arranged behind quay crane landside rails. The trucks are used for horizontally transporting the containers in a harbor. The single-cantilever rail-mounted gantry cranes are used for perpendicularly or horizontally transporting the containers from the quay cranes to the yard. The invention further discloses an automatic container wharf loading and unloading method for the yard. The container capacity of the container yard in the harbor is increased to a certain degree, the road service level in the harbor is effectively improved, the truck transporting distance used for the ship loading and unloading operation is effectively shortened, and the loading and unloading efficiency and the energy-saving level of the whole system are improved.

Description

A kind of stockyard automated container terminal loading and unloading system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the handling technology of port container terminal, in particular to a kind of container terminal loading and unloading system being applicable to stockyard automatization.
Background technology
Container pier storage yard automatization loading and unloading system is predominantly parallel to harbour water front and arranges (see figure 1) both at home and abroad at present, and the principal feature of this loading and unloading system is as follows: 1) harbour handling ship operation adopts bank bridge; 2) in port, container level transport adopts truck;
3) loading and unloading operation in stockyard adopts two cantilevered track of control automatically to hang (ARMG), and ARMG parallel track is arranged in harbour water front; 4) the loading-unloading vehicle operation of truck all carries out under the cantilever of track crane in port and outside port, and it is inner that truck does not enter Rules for the Certification of Freight Containers case district; 5) hatchway cover of container ship is unloaded to siding track rear, An Qiao land from deck on the ship by bank bridge. Then it is arranged in bank bridge rail for loading and unloading the truck handling track of ship operation; 6) adjacent orbit hang between horizontal road be all designed to one-way road, direction is identical. This road is in conjunction with erecting, in port, the circulation passage jointly forming handling ship to road and the handling ship track that is positioned between bank bridge track; 7) the loading-unloading vehicle operation of track crane adopts semiautomatic working pattern (remote control of manual intervention). Track crane then adopts full-automatic work pattern in other operations (case and the stacking operation etc. as in case district) of Rules for the Certification of Freight Containers; This loading and unloading system, owing to arranging the restriction of the horizontal width in in-orbit and stockyard by bank bridge handling ship service line, handling ship wagon flow must walk " systemic circulation " (such as 10 in Fig. 2 and 11), and the shipment distance of horizontal trasportation equipment in port certainly will be caused longer. In addition, due to adjacent orbit hang between the horizontal road of every bar and every bar in port erect and all form an intersection mouth to road, make road in harbor crossing quantity more (see Fig. 3, have 39 crossings 50), thus cause road in harbor service level to have bigger decline.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention, it is a kind of container terminal loading and unloading system being applicable to stockyard automatization of exploitation, the haul distance of the horizontal trasportation equipment for the in-built operation of unloading a ship in port is made to become short on the one hand, road in harbor crossing quantity can be reduced on the other hand, improve road in harbor service level, thus promote the efficiency of cargo-handling of whole system and energy-conservation level.
A kind of technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of stockyard automated container terminal loading and unloading system, comprises bank bridge, stockyard single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) that truck, employing control automatically; Bank bridge is used for freight container by container-ship to the vertical of working district, bank and horizontal transport. Bank bridge is arranged in forward position, berth, and its parallel track is in water front direction, berth; The hatchway cover of container ship is unloaded in bank bridge rail from the deck of container-ship by bank bridge. The truck handling track carrying out loading and unloading ship operation is arranged in siding track rear, An Qiao land; Truck is used for the horizontal transport of freight container in port; Single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) for freight container from truck to stockyard between vertical or horizontal transport; The loading-unloading vehicle operation of single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) adopts semiautomatic working pattern (remote control of manual intervention). Single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) then adopts full-automatic work pattern in other operations (case and the stacking operation etc. as in case district) of Rules for the Certification of Freight Containers; Single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) track is perpendicular to water front direction, berth and arranges, single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) service line quantity is mated mutually with the bank bridge dress ship unloading capacity of harbour. Advise that the ARMG quantity that every bar single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) case district is equipped with is no less than 2; Single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) is positioned opposite between two. Erecting, in stockyard, the lower section being located at single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) opposing cantilevers between two to road, and be unidirectional 4 tracks, be wherein loading and unloading operation track near the both sides of track crane, middle 2 is traveling lane, adjacent erect to the wagon flow direction of road contrary. Article two, what wagon flow direction was contrary erect can form, to the handling ship track that road combines the horizontal road between south, stockyard, north and siding track rear, An Qiao land, the partial circulating traffic loading and unloading ship operation.
Another kind of technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of handling method using above-mentioned stockyard automated container terminal loading and unloading system, comprise flow process of unloading a ship, the flow process of falling case in different case district of the flow process of falling case in same case district of flow process of clearing out a harbour, shipment flow process, collection port flow process, freight container and freight container, the concrete grammar of described each flow process is distinguished as follows:
1) unload a ship flow process:
The hatchway cover of container ship is unloaded to, in bank bridge rail, being positioned at siding track front, land from deck on the ship by bank bridge; Freight container is unloaded by bank bridge from container-ship, is placed in the port of bank bridge location in handling track, siding track rear, land on truck. The long side direction of the freight container unloaded is parallel with water front direction, berth; In port, freight container is carried to the handling track being positioned at single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) lower section by truck; Freight container is sling by single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) from truck, is carried in Rules for the Certification of Freight Containers by freight container;
2) clear out a harbour flow process:
Outside port, truck empty wagons enters the handling track being positioned at single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) lower section from rear inland transport passage; Single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) lifts by crane the targeted containers in stockyard and is carried to handling position, and single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) unloads outside case to port on truck; Outside port, truck sails out of terminal of containers by rear inland transport passage;
3) flow process is loaded onto ship:
Shipment flow process is the inverse process of flow process of unloading a ship;
4) port flow process is collected:
Collection port flow process is the inverse process of flow process of clearing out a harbour;
5) the fall case flow process of freight container in same case district:
Freight container is sling by single-cantilever track crane (ARMG), and single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) band case moves to the freight container target bit in stockyard, and freight container is unloaded to Rules for the Certification of Freight Containers target bit by single-cantilever track crane (ARMG);
6) the fall case flow process of freight container in different case district: (from A1 case district to B1 case district); Targeted containers is sling by the single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) in A1 case district, the single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) in A1 case district unloads case to truck, truck band case moves to target handling parking stall, B1 case district, freight container is sling by the single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) in B1 case district, the single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) in B1 case district unloads case to B1 case district freight container target bit, and wherein A1 case district and B1 case district represent any two different case districts.
The handling ship traffic organization of the track crane of single-cantilever form and partial circulating is innovatively have employed due to the present invention, Rules for the Certification of Freight Containers tankage in port is made to be increased (when identical land-based area area, adopting single-cantilever track crane to erect adopts two cantilevered track to hang lateral arrangement process system raising about 10% to the tankage of arrangement technology system than tradition), road in harbor service level obtains effectively lifting, and (quantity of road in harbor crossing significantly reduces, crossing is from the 39 of conventional scheme, it is reduced to 27, reduce about 30%, obtain effectively reducing (the truck haul distance adopting two cantilevered track to hang lateral arrangement process system than tradition on average reduces about 20%) for loading and unloading the truck haul distance of ship operation, thus improve the efficiency of cargo-handling of whole system and energy-conservation level.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, it is briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, it is also possible to obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is tradition harbour floor map;
Fig. 2 is tradition harbour handling ship wagon flow schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is tradition harbour road in harbor crossing schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is harbour floor map of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is harbour of the present invention handling ship wagon flow schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is harbour road in harbor crossing of the present invention schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is the schematic longitudinal section for harbour of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the sectional schematic diagram of tradition harbour;
Fig. 9 is the schematic longitudinal section of tradition harbour.
Embodiment
In order to the present invention is realized technique means, creation characteristic, reach object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with concrete diagram, set forth the present invention further.
A kind of stockyard automated container terminal loading and unloading system, as shown in Figure 4, comprises bank bridge 2, truck 1, adopts stockyard single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 automatically controlled; Bank bridge 2 is for freight container by the vertical of working district, container-ship 3 to bank and horizontal transport. Bank bridge 2 is arranged in forward position, berth, and its parallel track is in water front direction, berth; The hatchway cover 5 of container ship is unloaded to the hatchway cover stacking district 31 in bank bridge 2 rail from the deck of container-ship 3 by bank bridge 2. The truck handling track carrying out loading and unloading ship operation is arranged in siding track rear, bank bridge 2 land; The case district of described field automated container terminal loading and unloading system represents for A1, B1, C1, D1, E1, F1, G1, H1, I1, J1, L1, M1, N1, O1, and A2, B2, C2, D2, E2, F2, G2, H2, I2, J2, L2, M2, N2, O2; Truck 1 is for the horizontal transport of freight container in port; Single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 for freight container from truck to stockyard between vertical or horizontal transport; The loading-unloading vehicle operation of single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 adopts semiautomatic working pattern (remote control of manual intervention). Single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 then adopts full-automatic work pattern in other operations (case and the stacking operation etc. as in case district) of Rules for the Certification of Freight Containers; Single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 track is perpendicular to water front direction, berth and arranges, single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 service line quantity fills ship unloading capacity with the bank bridge 2 of harbour and mates mutually. Advise that the ARMG quantity that every bar single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 casees districts are equipped with is no less than 2; Single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 is positioned opposite between two. Erect, in stockyard, the lower section being located at single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 opposing cantilevers between two to road, and it is unidirectional 4 tracks, being wherein loading and unloading operation track near the both sides of track crane, middle 2 is traveling lane, adjacent erects to the wagon flow direction of road contrary (see Fig. 4). Article two, what wagon flow direction was contrary erect can form, to the handling ship track that road combines the horizontal road between south, stockyard, north and siding track rear, An Qiao land, the partial circulating traffic loading and unloading ship operation. See Fig. 5, the distance of described first partial circulating 12, the 2nd partial circulating 13, the 3rd partial circulating 14 and the 4th partial circulating 15, is significantly less than first systemic circulation 10 of prior art Fig. 2 and the distance of second largest circulation 11.
In this loading and unloading system, handling of container flow process is as follows:
1) unload a ship flow process:
The hatchway cover of container ship is unloaded to, in bank bridge 2 rail, being positioned at siding track front, land from deck on the ship by bank bridge 2;
Freight container is unloaded by bank bridge 2 from container-ship 3, is placed on bank bridge 2 and is positioned on the port truck 1 in handling track, siding track rear, land. The long side direction of the freight container unloaded is parallel with water front direction, berth;
In port, freight container is carried to the handling track being positioned at below single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 by truck 1;
Freight container is sling by single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 from truck, is carried in Rules for the Certification of Freight Containers by freight container;
2) clear out a harbour flow process:
Outside port, truck empty wagons enters the handling track being positioned at below single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 from rear inland transport passage;
Single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 lifts by crane the targeted containers in stockyard and is carried to handling position, and single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 unloads outside case to port on truck;
Outside port, truck sails out of terminal of containers by rear inland transport passage;
3) flow process is loaded onto ship:
This flow process is the inverse process of flow process of unloading a ship;
4) port flow process is collected:
This flow process is the inverse process of flow process of clearing out a harbour;
5) the fall case flow process of freight container in same case district:
Freight container is sling by single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4, and single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 band case moves to the freight container target bit in stockyard, and freight container is unloaded to Rules for the Certification of Freight Containers target bit by single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4;
6) the fall case flow process of freight container in different case district: (from A1 case district to B1 case district);
Targeted containers is sling by the single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 in A1 case district, the single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) in A1 case district unloads case to truck, truck band case moves to target handling parking stall, B1 case district, freight container is sling by the single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) 4 in B1 case district, the single-cantilever track crane (ARMG) in B1 case district unloads case to B1 case district freight container target bit, and wherein A1 case district and B1 case district represent any two different case districts.
The present invention is a kind of container terminal loading and unloading system being applicable to stockyard automatization, has tankage height, shipment distance is short, intersection mouth is a few feature, has extraordinary development prospect and application space, market.
More than show and describe the ultimate principle of the present invention and the advantage of main characteristic sum the present invention. The technician of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; the principle that the present invention is just described described in above-described embodiment and specification sheets; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention. The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (2)

1. a stockyard automated container terminal loading and unloading system, comprises bank bridge (2), truck (1), adopts stockyard single-cantilever track crane (4) automatically controlled; It is characterized in that, bank bridge (2) for freight container by container-ship (3) to the vertical of working district, bank and horizontal transport; Bank bridge (2) is arranged in forward position, berth, and its parallel track is in water front direction, berth; The hatchway cover (5) of container ship is unloaded in bank bridge (2) rail from the deck of container-ship (3) by bank bridge (2); The truck handling track carrying out loading and unloading ship operation is arranged in siding track rear, bank bridge (2) land; Truck (1) is for the horizontal transport of freight container in port; Single-cantilever track crane (4) for freight container from truck to stockyard between vertical or horizontal transport; The loading-unloading vehicle operation of single-cantilever track crane (4) adopts the remote control of manual intervention; Single-cantilever track crane (4) adopts full-automatic work pattern in case and the stacking operation of Rules for the Certification of Freight Containers; Single-cantilever track crane (4) track is perpendicular to water front direction, berth and arranges, single-cantilever track crane (4) service line quantity is mated mutually with bank bridge (2) the dress ship unloading capacity of harbour; The ARMG quantity that every bar single-cantilever track crane (4) case district is equipped with is no less than 2; Single-cantilever track crane (4) is positioned opposite between two; Erecting, in stockyard, the lower section being located at single-cantilever track crane (4) opposing cantilevers between two to road, and be unidirectional 4 tracks, be wherein loading and unloading operation track near the both sides of track crane, middle 2 is traveling lane, adjacent erect to the wagon flow direction of road contrary; Article two, what wagon flow direction was contrary erects the partial circulating traffic of the handling ship track formation handling ship operation combining the horizontal road between south, stockyard, north and siding track rear, An Qiao land to road.
2. one kind uses the handling method of stockyard as claimed in claim 1 automated container terminal loading and unloading system, it is characterized in that comprising flow process of unloading a ship, the flow process of falling case in different case district of the flow process of falling case in same case district of flow process of clearing out a harbour, shipment flow process, collection port flow process, freight container and freight container, the concrete grammar of described each flow process is distinguished as follows:
1) unload a ship flow process:
The hatchway cover of container ship is unloaded to, in bank bridge (2) rail, being positioned at siding track front, land from deck on the ship by bank bridge (2); Freight container is unloaded by bank bridge (2) from container-ship (3), is placed on bank bridge (2) and is positioned on the port truck (1) in handling track, siding track rear, land; The long side direction of the freight container unloaded is parallel with water front direction, berth; In port, freight container is carried to the handling track being positioned at single-cantilever track crane (4) lower section by truck (1); Freight container is sling by single-cantilever track crane (4) from truck, is carried in Rules for the Certification of Freight Containers by freight container;
2) clear out a harbour flow process:
Outside port, truck empty wagons enters the handling track being positioned at single-cantilever track crane (4) lower section from rear inland transport passage; Targeted containers in single-cantilever track crane (4) lifting stockyard is also carried to handling position, and single-cantilever track crane (4) unloads outside case to port on truck; Outside port, truck sails out of terminal of containers by rear inland transport passage;
3) flow process is loaded onto ship:
Shipment flow process is the inverse process of flow process of unloading a ship;
4) port flow process is collected:
Collection port flow process is the inverse process of flow process of clearing out a harbour;
5) the fall case flow process of freight container in same case district:
Freight container is sling by single-cantilever track crane (4), and single-cantilever track crane (4) band case moves to the freight container target bit in stockyard, and freight container is unloaded to Rules for the Certification of Freight Containers target bit by single-cantilever track crane (4);
6) freight container is in different case district, from the flow process of falling case in (A1) case district to (B1) case district:
(A1) targeted containers is sling by the single-cantilever track crane (4) in case district, (A1) the single-cantilever track unloading case in case district is to truck, truck band case moves to target handling parking stall, (B1) case district, (B1) freight container is sling by the single-cantilever track crane (4) in case district, and the single-cantilever track unloading case in (B1) case district is to (B1) case district freight container target bit; Wherein (A1) case district and (B1) case district represent any two different case districts.
CN201610159438.3A 2016-03-21 2016-03-21 Automatic container wharf loading and unloading system and method for yard Pending CN105621122A (en)

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Cited By (9)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106564764A (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-04-19 中车长江车辆有限公司 Multimodal transport intercommunicating system
CN106698201A (en) * 2016-12-26 2017-05-24 上海辽清缓实业有限公司 Automatic safe operation device provided with high-speed rail-mounted gantry cranes and used for storage yard
CN107765692A (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-03-06 爱普(福建)科技有限公司 A kind of control method for realizing no signal lamp AGV paths
CN108083113A (en) * 2016-11-21 2018-05-29 上海海勃物流软件有限公司 Track crane automation case area is automatically brought into operation management system
CN108275476A (en) * 2018-01-02 2018-07-13 清华大学 Container terminal horizontal transport vehicle dispatch system
CN109132610A (en) * 2018-09-13 2019-01-04 深圳归朴科技有限公司 A kind of list case span stockyard Crane Automation terminal loading and unloading system and method
CN110525988A (en) * 2019-08-16 2019-12-03 天津港股份有限公司 A kind of Container Yard transportation system and dock container transportation system
CN112010053A (en) * 2020-09-22 2020-12-01 青岛港国际股份有限公司 Three-dimensional automatic container terminal
CN114560309A (en) * 2022-03-23 2022-05-31 中交第四航务工程勘察设计院有限公司 Automatic container wharf design method for two-layer operation

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106564764A (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-04-19 中车长江车辆有限公司 Multimodal transport intercommunicating system
CN106564764B (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-11-24 中车长江车辆有限公司 A kind of multimodal transport intercommunicating system
CN108083113A (en) * 2016-11-21 2018-05-29 上海海勃物流软件有限公司 Track crane automation case area is automatically brought into operation management system
CN106698201A (en) * 2016-12-26 2017-05-24 上海辽清缓实业有限公司 Automatic safe operation device provided with high-speed rail-mounted gantry cranes and used for storage yard
CN107765692A (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-03-06 爱普(福建)科技有限公司 A kind of control method for realizing no signal lamp AGV paths
CN108275476A (en) * 2018-01-02 2018-07-13 清华大学 Container terminal horizontal transport vehicle dispatch system
CN109132610A (en) * 2018-09-13 2019-01-04 深圳归朴科技有限公司 A kind of list case span stockyard Crane Automation terminal loading and unloading system and method
CN110525988A (en) * 2019-08-16 2019-12-03 天津港股份有限公司 A kind of Container Yard transportation system and dock container transportation system
CN112010053A (en) * 2020-09-22 2020-12-01 青岛港国际股份有限公司 Three-dimensional automatic container terminal
CN114560309A (en) * 2022-03-23 2022-05-31 中交第四航务工程勘察设计院有限公司 Automatic container wharf design method for two-layer operation

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