CN105535471A - 一种用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物及其制备方法 - Google Patents

一种用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物及其制备方法 Download PDF

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CN105535471A
CN105535471A CN201610086400.8A CN201610086400A CN105535471A CN 105535471 A CN105535471 A CN 105535471A CN 201610086400 A CN201610086400 A CN 201610086400A CN 105535471 A CN105535471 A CN 105535471A
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罗兴兰
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Shuan Xin Bio Tech Ltd Sichuan
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Abstract

本发明属于中医药技术领域,目的是根据中医对神经衰弱的认识机理而提供的一种用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:黄芪15~30g、枸杞子6~13g、丹参8~16g、茯苓10~16g、栀子(炒)10~21g、苍耳子4~12g、淫羊藿4~10g、远志5~16g、当归7.5~18g、大枣15~28g、五味子3~13g、白术(炒)3~16g、酸枣仁6~16g、麦冬6~13g、山药15~30g、木香3~8g、合欢皮6~13g、甘草3~12g、熟地黄3~28g、人参3~18g、丹皮6~10g、半夏3~12g、玉竹10~18g;本发明提供的药物药效好、见效快,是一个标本兼治的中药良方。

Description

一种用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物及其制备方法
技术领域
[0001]本发明涉及中医药技术领域,具体涉及一种用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物,特别是供神经衰弱患者使用的丸剂药物及其制备方法的领域。
背景技术
[0002] 神经衰弱(neurasthenia)在我国属于神经症的诊断之一。是由于长期处于紧张和压力下,出现精神易兴奋和脑力易疲乏现象,常伴有情绪烦恼、易激惹、睡眠障碍、肌肉紧张性疼痛等,这些症状不能归于脑、躯体疾病及其他精神疾病。症状时轻时重,波动与心理和社会因素有关,病程多迀延。近世纪来,神经衰弱的概念经历了一系列变迀,随着医生对神经衰弱认识的变化和各种特殊综合征和亚型的分出,在美国和西欧已不作此诊断,CCMD-3工作组的现场测试证明,在我国神经衰弱的诊断也明显减少。
[0003]那么,就如何找到一种可有效治疗神经衰弱的药物,是我们目前应该要解决的问题。
发明内容
[0004]随着我国中医中药学的不断发展,在治疗神经衰弱上,人们逐渐意识到了中医治疗上述疾病的优点,且在治疗过程中毒副作用小、费用低等优势,针对现有西医治疗神经衰弱的现状,本发明的目的是在于提供一种用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物,以解决神经衰弱患者早日恢复健康的问题。该药物是以常见的中药为原料,具有见效快、疗效显著等特点,并可有效治疗上述神经衰弱一症。
[0005]为达到上述发明的目的,本发明所采用的技术方案为:提供一种用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
黄苗15〜30g、枸紀子6〜13g、丹参8〜16g、茯苳10〜16g、栀子(炒)10〜21g、苍耳子4〜12g、淫羊藿4〜10g、远志5〜16g、当归7.5〜18g、大率15〜28g、五味子3〜13g、白术(炒)3〜16g、酸率仁6〜16g、麦冬6〜13g、山药15〜30g、木香3〜8g、合欢皮6〜13g、甘草3〜12g、熟地黄3〜28g、人参3〜18g、丹皮6〜10g、半夏3〜12g、玉竹10〜18g。
[0006] —种用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
黄苗18〜26g、枸紀子8〜12g、丹参10〜14g、茯苳11〜14g、栀子(炒)12〜19g、苍耳子6〜llg、淫羊藿6〜9g、远志10〜14g、当归10〜16g、大率18〜25g、五味子6〜12g、白术(炒)8〜14g、酸率仁8〜14g、麦冬8〜12g、山药18〜26g、木香5〜7g、合欢皮8〜12g、甘草5〜llg、熟地黄8〜25g、人参6〜16g、丹皮7〜9g、半夏6〜llg、玉竹11〜16g。
[0007] —种用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述“最佳方案”的药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
黄苗23g、枸紀子llg、丹参13g、茯苳13g、栀子(炒)17g、苍耳子10g、淫羊藿8g、远志13g、当归14g、大率22g、五味子llg、白术(炒)138、酸率仁138、麦冬11^、山药238、木香68、合欢皮llg、甘草10g、熟地黄22g、人参14g、丹皮8g、半夏10g、玉竹14g。
[0008] —种用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括如下步骤制备而成:
A、将上述原料中药拣去杂质和粉尘后,按照质量份比共研为极细末待用;
B、按照传统制备中药水丸的方法,将研磨好的极细末药物和淀粉过筛后,放入药器中混合拌均,然后制备成水丸(其水丸的粒度为:4.8mm-5.1mm),进而晒干,瓶装密封备用。
[0009] —种用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物及其制备方法,其特征在于,所述服用方法为:将制备好的水丸以每日三次服用,早中晚各服一次,给药量5g /次,饭前服,服药7〜28天,诸症明显减轻,病获痊愈。
[0010]本发明组方中的各原料中药在中国药典、中国辞典以及中华本草中均有详细的记载。本发明选用其中最常见的中药为原料,充分发挥各组分的药理功效:
黄芪,性味:甘、微温,具有补气固表、利尿托毒、排脓、敛疮生肌之功效,用于治疗气虚乏力、食少便溏、中气下陷、久泻脱肛、便血崩漏、表虚自汗、气虚水肿、痈疽难溃、久溃不敛、血虚痿黄、内热消渴、慢性肾炎蛋白尿、糖尿病等症;
枸杞子,性味:甘、平,具有滋补肝肾、益精明目之功效,用于治疗虚劳精亏、腰膝酸痛、眩晕耳鸣、阳萎遗精、内热消渴、血虚萎黄、目昏不明;
丹参,性味:味苦、性微寒,具有活血祛瘀、调经止痛、养血安神、凉血消痈之功效,用于治疗妇女月经不调、痛经、经闭、产后瘀滞腹痛、心腹疼痛、症瘕积聚、热痹肿痛、跌打损伤、热入营血、烦躁不安、心烦失眠、痈疮肿毒等症;
茯苓,性味:甘、淡、平,具有利水药、渗湿利尿药之功效,用于治疗小便不利、水肿胀满、痰饮咳逆、呕吐、脾虚食少、泄泻、心悸不安、失眠健忘、遗精白浊;
栀子(炒),性味:苦、寒,具有清热、湾火、凉血之功效,用于治疗热病虚烦不眠、黄疸、淋病、消渴、目赤、咽痛、吐血、衄血、血痢、尿血、热毒疮疡、扭伤肿痛;
苍耳子,性味:味苦、甘、辛、性温、小毒,具有散风寒、通鼻窍、祛风湿、止痒之功效,用于治疗鼻渊、风寒头痛、风湿痹痛、风疹、湿疹、疥癣;
淫羊藿,性味:味辛、甘、性温,具有补肾壮阳、祛风除湿、强筋键骨之功效,用于治疗阳痿遗精、虚冷不育、尿频失楚、肾虚喘咳、腰膝酸软、风湿痹痛、半身不遂、四肢不仁;
远志,性味:苦、辛、微温,具有安神益智、祛痰、消肿之功效,用于治疗心肾不交引起的失眠多梦、健忘惊悸、神志恍惚、咳痰不爽、疮疡肿毒、乳房肿痛;
当归,性味:性温、味甘辛,具有补血和血、调经止痛、润燥滑肠之功效,用于治疗血虚、面色萎黄、眩晕心悸、血虚、或兼有瘀滞的月经不调、经闭、痛经、虚寒性腹痛、冠心病心绞痛、风湿痹痛、跌打损伤等症;
大枣,性味:味甘、性温,具有补中益气、补脾和胃、养血安神、缓和药性之功效,用于治疗胃虚食少、脾弱便溏、气血津液不足、营卫不和、心悸怔忡;
五味子,性味:酸、甘、温,具有收敛固涩、益气生津、补肾宁心之功效,用于治疗久泻不止、久咳虚喘、心悸、失眠、多梦、自汗、盗汗、津伤□渴、消渴、遗精、滑精等症;
白术(炒),性味:味苦、甘、性温,具有健脾益气、燥湿利水、止汗、安胎之功效,用于治疗脾气虚弱、神疲乏力、食少少腹胀、大便溏薄、水饮内停、小便不利、水肿、痰饮眩晕、温痹酸痛、气虚自汗、胎动不安等症; 酸枣仁,性味:甘、平,具有宁心安神、养肝、敛汗之功效,用于治疗虚烦不眠、惊悸怔忡、体虚自汗、盗汗;
麦冬,性味:甘、微苦、微寒,具有养阴生津、润肺清心之功效,用于治疗肺燥干咳、虚痨咳嗽、津伤口渴、心烦失眠、内热消渴、肠燥便秘、咽白喉等症;
山药,性味:甘、平,具有补脾养胃、生津益肺、补肾涩精之功效,用于治疗脾虚食少、久泻不止、肺虚喘咳、肾虚遗精、带下、尿频、虚热消渴,麸炒山药补脾健胃,用于脾虚食少、泄泻便溏,白带过多;
木香,性味:辛苦、温,具有行气止痛、温中和胃之功效,用于治疗中寒气滞、胸腹胀痛、呕吐、泄泻、下痢里急后重、寒疝等症;
合欢皮,性味:甘、平,具有安神解郁、活血消痈之功效,用于治疗心神不安、忧郁、不眠、内外痈疡、跌打损伤;
甘草,性味:甘、平,具有和中缓急、润肺、解毒、调和诸药等症脾胃虚弱、食少、腹痛便溏、劳倦发热、肺痿咳嗽、心悸、惊痫,生用、治咽喉肿痛、消化性溃疡、痈疽疮疡、解药毒及食物中毒;
熟地黄,性味:苦、寒,具有泻热通肠、凉血解毒、逐瘀通经之功效,用于治疗实热便秘、积滞腹痛、泻痢不爽、湿热黄疸、血热吐衄、目赤、咽肿、肠痈腹痛、痈肿疔疮、瘀血经闭、跌打损伤,外治水火烫伤、上消化道出血等症;
人参,性味:甘微苦、温,具有大补元气、固脱生津、安神之功效,用于治疗劳伤虚损、食少、倦怠、反胃吐食、大便滑泄、虚咳喘促、自汗暴脱、惊悸、健忘、眩晕头痛、阳痿、尿频、消渴、妇女崩漏、小儿慢惊、及久虚不复、一切气血津液不足等症;
丹皮,性味:性微寒、味苦辛,具有清血、活血散瘀等症斑疹吐血、血滞经闭、经前发势、痈肿疮毒、损伤瘀血、阴虚发势、无汗骨蒸;
半夏,性味:味辛、性温,有毒,具有燥湿化痰、降逆止呕、消痞散结等症咳喘痰多、呕吐反胃、胸脘痞满头痛眩晕、夜卧不安、癭瘤痰核、痈疽肿毒;
玉竹,性味:甘、平,具有养阴、润燥、除烦、止渴之功效,用于治疗热病阴伤、咳嗽烦渴、虚劳发热、消谷易饥、小便频数等病症。
[0011]本发明药物是基于中医治疗神经衰弱的辨病与辨证相结合的原则,从药理作用及作用机制认为:就神经衰弱一症,本发明所提供的药物中的各原料中药药效共奏,对上述神经衰弱有很好的治疗效果。
具体实施方式
[0012]本发明就是针对上述神经衰弱的治疗而提出的一种中药配方,采用该配方制备的药物药效好,见效快,是一个标本兼治的中药组方,特别适合临床使用。下面结合本发明的具体实施方式作进一步详细的描述:
实施例1:
一种用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物及其制备方法,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
黄苗23g、枸紀子llg、丹参13g、茯苳13g、栀子(炒)17g、苍耳子10g、淫羊藿8g、远志13g、当归14g、大率22g、五味子llg、白术(炒)138、酸率仁138、麦冬11^、山药238、木香68、合欢皮llg、甘草10g、熟地黄22g、人参14g、丹皮8g、半夏10g、玉竹14g。
[0013] 实施例2:
一种用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物及其制备方法,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
黄芪26g、枸杞子12g、丹参14g、茯苓14g、栀子(炒)19g、苍耳子llg、淫羊藿9g、远志14g、当归16g、大率25g、五味子12g、白术(炒)14g、酸率仁14g、麦冬12g、山药26g、木香7g、合欢皮12g、甘草llg、熟地黄25g、人参16g、丹皮9g、半夏llg、玉竹16g。
[0014] 实施例3:
一种用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物及其制备方法,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示:
黄苗30g、枸紀子13g、丹参16g、茯苳16g、栀子(炒)21g、苍耳子12g、淫羊藿10g、远志16g、当归18g、大率28g、五味子13g、白术(炒)16g、酸率仁16g、麦冬13g、山药30g、木香8g、合欢皮13g、甘草12g、熟地黄28g、人参18g、丹皮10g、半夏12g、玉竹18g。
[0015] 典型病例:
经临床诊断治疗神经衰弱患者共125例,年龄为26岁以上的82例,只有43例为26岁以下。125例患者中痊愈的119例,显效6例,总有效率达100%。经治疗后,诸症明显减轻,病获痊愈。

Claims (3)

1.一种用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示: 黄苗15〜30g、枸紀子6〜13g、丹参8〜16g、茯苳10〜16g、栀子(炒)10〜21g、苍耳子4〜12g、淫羊藿4〜10g、远志5〜16g、当归7.5〜18g、大率15〜28g、五味子3〜13g、白术(炒)3〜16g、酸率仁6〜16g、麦冬6〜13g、山药15〜30g、木香3〜8g、合欢皮6〜13g、甘草3〜12g、熟地黄3〜28g、人参3〜18g、丹皮6〜10g、半夏3〜12g、玉竹10〜18g。
2.根据权利要求1所述的用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示: 黄苗18〜26g、枸紀子8〜12g、丹参10〜14g、茯苳11〜14g、栀子(炒)12〜19g、苍耳子6〜llg、淫羊藿6〜9g、远志10〜14g、当归10〜16g、大率18〜25g、五味子6〜12g、白术(炒)8〜14g、酸率仁8〜14g、麦冬8〜12g、山药18〜26g、木香5〜7g、合欢皮8〜12g、甘草5〜llg、熟地黄8〜25g、人参6〜16g、丹皮7〜9g、半夏6〜llg、玉竹11〜16g。
3.根据权利要求1至2所述的用于治疗神经衰弱的丸剂药物,其特征在于,所述药物的各个组分及其质量份比如下所示: 黄苗23g、枸紀子llg、丹参13g、茯苳13g、栀子(炒)17g、苍耳子10g、淫羊藿8g、远志13g、当归14g、大率22g、五味子llg、白术(炒)138、酸率仁138、麦冬11^、山药238、木香68、合欢皮llg、甘草10g、熟地黄22g、人参14g、丹皮8g、半夏10g、玉竹14g。
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CN105833101A (zh) * 2016-05-25 2016-08-10 严伟健 一种治疗神经衰弱的中药
CN106138785A (zh) * 2016-08-08 2016-11-23 青岛友诚高新技术有限公司 一种治疗神经衰弱的中药组合物及其制备方法
CN106256362A (zh) * 2016-09-28 2016-12-28 四川易创生物科技有限公司 一种可有效治疗神经衰弱的内服药物及其制备方法
CN106266729A (zh) * 2016-10-02 2017-01-04 成都市飞龙水处理技术研究所 一种治疗由心神失养引起失眠的汤剂药物及其制备方法
CN106377595A (zh) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-08 吕晶晶 一种治疗神经衰弱的中药组合物及其制备方法
CN107509983A (zh) * 2017-07-26 2017-12-26 明光市永言水产食品有限公司 一种具有提高睡眠功效的鮰鱼粉

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105833101A (zh) * 2016-05-25 2016-08-10 严伟健 一种治疗神经衰弱的中药
CN106138785A (zh) * 2016-08-08 2016-11-23 青岛友诚高新技术有限公司 一种治疗神经衰弱的中药组合物及其制备方法
CN106377595A (zh) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-08 吕晶晶 一种治疗神经衰弱的中药组合物及其制备方法
CN106256362A (zh) * 2016-09-28 2016-12-28 四川易创生物科技有限公司 一种可有效治疗神经衰弱的内服药物及其制备方法
CN106266729A (zh) * 2016-10-02 2017-01-04 成都市飞龙水处理技术研究所 一种治疗由心神失养引起失眠的汤剂药物及其制备方法
CN107509983A (zh) * 2017-07-26 2017-12-26 明光市永言水产食品有限公司 一种具有提高睡眠功效的鮰鱼粉

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