CN105393793A - Bag cultivation Pleurotus ostreatus simple and fast hypha running method - Google Patents

Bag cultivation Pleurotus ostreatus simple and fast hypha running method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105393793A
CN105393793A CN201510765591.6A CN201510765591A CN105393793A CN 105393793 A CN105393793 A CN 105393793A CN 201510765591 A CN201510765591 A CN 201510765591A CN 105393793 A CN105393793 A CN 105393793A
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China
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bags
bag
buttress
temperature
hypha
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CN201510765591.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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黄福忠
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201510765591.6A priority Critical patent/CN105393793A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms

Abstract

A bag cultivation Pleurotus ostreatus simple and fast hypha running method includes the following steps of: inoculating two ends of bags after culture material bagging and disinfection; arranging the bags according to the air temperature during cultivation of hyphae. According to the method, the two ends of the bags are inoculated after culture material bagging and disinfection, a sharp rod is used to dig holes in two ends of the bags from the centers of the bag heads successively, the depth of the holes is greater than half of the bags, and then appropriate strains are inserted into the holes; the strains substantially cover the bags through the inoculation manner of the two ends of the bags, the strains consume materials in the horizontal direction in the bags, and the diameter of the bags is shorter than the length of the bags, so that hyphae can quickly cover the bags; and meanwhile, the hyphae can cover the bags in 10-15 days, through arrangement of the bags according to the air temperature; compared with the hypha running time of the conventional method, the hypha running time of the method is cut in half; and the method is simple in process, and is easy to operate. The method can remarkably shorten the hypha running time, reduce bacterial contamination, quicken fruiting, and shorten a production cycle; and the method is suitable for industrial production, intensive production, and scale production of the Pleurotus ostreatus, and is worth promoting.

Description

A kind of bag of method of planting the simple and easy and fast growing bacteria of flat mushroom
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of edible fungus culturing new technical field, be specifically related to the method that a kind of bag is planted the simple and easy and fast growing bacteria of flat mushroom.
Technical background
Flat mushroom, is Agaricales Pleurotaceae one kind under Basidiomycota, belongs to large-scale wood destroying fungi, and cultivar divides multiple type such as low form, middle warm type, high temperature modification, wide warm type, and cultivation is done in the proper way can whole year production.Flat mushroom is containing abundant nutriment, and every hectogram contains protein 20-23 gram in product, and aminoacid ingredient is complete, and content of mineral substances is very abundant, and amino acid classes is complete.A kind of edible fungus variety that consuming public generally likes, so its market prospects are very good.
Tradition flat mushroom produces implantation methods: test tube stock → prepare original seed → prepare cultivated species → selection raw material → Feedstock treating → pack → high pressure or normal-pressure sterilization → access cultivated species → cultivation mycelia → management of producing mushroom.As can be seen here, traditional flat mushroom production planting process program is many and loaded down with trivial details, from test tube kind to the preparation of cultivated species and to being finally cultured to fruiting, particularly in cultivation link, bag generally needs 25-30 days mycelia just can cover with bag after planting flat mushroom inoculation, the chance sending out bacterium time longer bacteria infection is more, and the production cycle is also longer.The whole cycle approximately needs time of 3 months; So cause traditional flat mushroom production cost to remain high.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is exactly overcome the deficiencies in the prior art and provide brand-new a kind of bag of method of planting the simple and easy and fast growing bacteria of flat mushroom.Specifically comprise: composts or fertilisers of cultivating packs and after sterilizing, adopts two inoculation; Will according to temperature situation row bag during cultivation.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Bag to plant a method for the simple and easy and fast growing bacteria of flat mushroom, be in technical scheme to comprise the steps:
1, inoculate: composts or fertilisers of cultivating pack and sterilizing after, employing two is inoculated, two priority diameter of pocket be 2-3 centimetre, be about the point of 30 centimetres rod burrow respectively from the center of bag head, the degree of depth is the over half of pocket, then in excellent hole, insert proper amount of strains, also put a small amount of bacterial classification at the charge level of bag head, package neck ring and sack is strained, with one deck paper and rubber band sealing, then other end is connected kind in the same way.
2, cultivation: bag according to temperature situation row bag, during temperature height, will be that groined type lines up buttress, 4 bags every layer, oppositely discharge time double-deck, often pile up neatly 5-6 layer, stay a fixed gap, to dispel the heat between buttress and buttress by cultivation; During middle temperature, be that groined type lines up buttress by bag, often pile up neatly 6-7 layer, also suitable space, stationary point between two buttress; During low temperature, pocket is arranged in buttress wall, high about 10 layers, also to interspace between buttress wall; Temperature to control when sending out bacterium well at 25-30 DEG C, and material temperature is too low can extend and send out the bacterium time, and material temperature is too high, can burn out mycelia, and along with the growth of mycelia after inoculation, pocket self can generate heat, and therefore within about 1 week, wants collapse of setting, checks the bacterium bag sending out bacterium situation and removing pollution.
The present invention both had the following advantages:
1, flat mushroom fast growing bacteria method and measure proposed by the invention is unique, and technique is simple, easily implements.
2, by implementing the present invention, composts or fertilisers of cultivating pack and sterilizing after, employing two is inoculated, and burrows respectively from the center of bag head at two priority point rod of pocket, and the degree of depth is the over half of pocket, then in excellent hole, proper amount of strains is inserted, after two all takes this mode to inoculate, bacterial classification is covered with bacterium bag substantially, and bacterial classification is horizontal material feeding in bag, and much shorter than the length of bacterium bag of the diameter of bacterium bag, so mycelia covers with bag very soon.
3, by implementing the present invention, carry out row bag according to temperature situation, and control when sending out bacterium that temperature is at 25-30 DEG C well, material temperature is too low can extend a bacterium time, and material temperature is too high, can burn out mycelia.Along with the growth of mycelia after inoculation, pocket self can generate heat, and therefore within about 1 week, wants collapse of setting, checks and sends out bacterium situation and remove the bacterium bag polluted.Within 10-15 days, mycelia will cover with bag, shorten a bacterium time of half, and technique is simple, is easy to operation than conventional method.
4, by implementing the present invention, significantly can shorten and sending out the bacterium time, reduce living contaminants, accelerate fruiting, shorten the production cycle.Very be applicable to flat mushroom batch production, intensive, large-scale production, be worth promoting.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, method of the present invention is further illustrated.
Bag to plant a method for the simple and easy and fast growing bacteria of flat mushroom, embodiment is as follows:
1, inoculate: composts or fertilisers of cultivating pack and sterilizing after, employing two is inoculated, two priority diameter of pocket be 2-3 centimetre, be about the point of 30 centimetres rod burrow respectively from the center of bag head, the degree of depth is the over half of pocket, then in excellent hole, insert proper amount of strains, also put a small amount of bacterial classification at the charge level of bag head, package neck ring and sack is strained, with one deck paper and rubber band sealing, then other end is connected kind in the same way.
2, cultivation: bag according to temperature situation row bag, during temperature height, will be that groined type lines up buttress, 4 bags every layer, oppositely discharge time double-deck, often pile up neatly 5-6 layer, stay a fixed gap, to dispel the heat between buttress and buttress by cultivation; During middle temperature, be that groined type lines up buttress by bag, often pile up neatly 6-7 layer, also suitable space, stationary point between two buttress; During low temperature, pocket is arranged in buttress wall, high about 10 layers, also to interspace between buttress wall; Temperature to control when sending out bacterium well at 25-30 DEG C, and material temperature is too low can extend and send out the bacterium time, and material temperature is too high, can burn out mycelia, and along with the growth of mycelia after inoculation, pocket self can generate heat, and therefore within about 1 week, wants collapse of setting, checks the bacterium bag sending out bacterium situation and removing pollution.

Claims (1)

1. a method for the simple and easy and fast growing bacteria of flat mushroom planted by bag, it is characterized in that comprising the steps:
(1) inoculate: composts or fertilisers of cultivating pack and sterilizing after, employing two is inoculated, two priority diameter of pocket be 2-3 centimetre, be about the point of 30 centimetres rod burrow respectively from the center of bag head, the degree of depth is the over half of pocket, then in excellent hole, insert proper amount of strains, also put a small amount of bacterial classification at the charge level of bag head, package neck ring and sack is strained, with one deck paper and rubber band sealing, then other end is connected kind in the same way;
(2) cultivation: bag according to temperature situation row bag, during temperature height, will be that groined type lines up buttress, 4 bags every layer, oppositely discharge time double-deck, often pile up neatly 5-6 layer, stay a fixed gap, to dispel the heat between buttress and buttress by cultivation; During middle temperature, be that groined type lines up buttress by bag, often pile up neatly 6-7 layer, also suitable space, stationary point between two buttress; During low temperature, pocket is arranged in buttress wall, high about 10 layers, also to interspace between buttress wall; Temperature to control when sending out bacterium well at 25-30 DEG C, and material temperature is too low can extend and send out the bacterium time, and material temperature is too high, can burn out mycelia, and along with the growth of mycelia after inoculation, pocket self can generate heat, and therefore within about 1 week, wants collapse of setting, checks the bacterium bag sending out bacterium situation and removing pollution.
CN201510765591.6A 2015-11-12 2015-11-12 Bag cultivation Pleurotus ostreatus simple and fast hypha running method Pending CN105393793A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510765591.6A CN105393793A (en) 2015-11-12 2015-11-12 Bag cultivation Pleurotus ostreatus simple and fast hypha running method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510765591.6A CN105393793A (en) 2015-11-12 2015-11-12 Bag cultivation Pleurotus ostreatus simple and fast hypha running method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105393793A true CN105393793A (en) 2016-03-16

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106718023A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 河池市农业科学研究所 A kind of hair bacterium management method of flat mushroom
CN109418002A (en) * 2017-07-05 2019-03-05 维西倮贡雪山农林科技有限责任公司 A kind of edible pleurotus ostreatus high-efficiency method for producing

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103461001A (en) * 2013-09-19 2013-12-25 何寒 Method for rapidly culturing oyster mushrooms at high temperature season at high yield
CN103704016A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-04-09 蒙金妹 Method for enabling oyster mushrooms to regularly fruit
CN104054508A (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-09-24 梁德政 Fast spawn expanding method for oyster mushroom spawn rods
CN105027986A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-11-11 贵州茅台流域东升农场有限公司 Oyster mushroom indoor bag cultivation method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103461001A (en) * 2013-09-19 2013-12-25 何寒 Method for rapidly culturing oyster mushrooms at high temperature season at high yield
CN103704016A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-04-09 蒙金妹 Method for enabling oyster mushrooms to regularly fruit
CN104054508A (en) * 2014-06-09 2014-09-24 梁德政 Fast spawn expanding method for oyster mushroom spawn rods
CN105027986A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-11-11 贵州茅台流域东升农场有限公司 Oyster mushroom indoor bag cultivation method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106718023A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 河池市农业科学研究所 A kind of hair bacterium management method of flat mushroom
CN109418002A (en) * 2017-07-05 2019-03-05 维西倮贡雪山农林科技有限责任公司 A kind of edible pleurotus ostreatus high-efficiency method for producing

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