CN105340482B - A kind of new Banana zooms in car - Google Patents

A kind of new Banana zooms in car Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105340482B
CN105340482B CN201510762051.2A CN201510762051A CN105340482B CN 105340482 B CN105340482 B CN 105340482B CN 201510762051 A CN201510762051 A CN 201510762051A CN 105340482 B CN105340482 B CN 105340482B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
rotating shaft
chute
banana
vehicle frame
Prior art date
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CN201510762051.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105340482A (en
Inventor
郑广平
王献泽
卢力源
林志
谢少坚
黄宝岚
黎毓鹏
卢煜海
覃海英
谢炳光
李竞
张健
郭文峰
刘硕
宋熠
李响
梁富杰
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广西大学
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Priority to CN201510762051.2A priority Critical patent/CN105340482B/en
Publication of CN105340482A publication Critical patent/CN105340482A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105340482B publication Critical patent/CN105340482B/en

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Abstract

A kind of new Banana zooms in car, including vehicle frame, cutting mechanism and grasping mechanism, the knife rest bottom of the cutting mechanism is connected on contiguous block, contiguous block is connected on sliding block, sliding block is arranged in chute, chute is fixed in the second rotating shaft, and the second rotating shaft both ends are arranged at the top of vehicle frame by bearing and bearing block;First rotating shaft is arranged on knife rest front end by bearing, and first rotating shaft one end is fixed with cutterhead, and the first rotating shaft other end is fixed on knife rest rear end by the output axis connection of the first transmission mechanism and the first motor, handle;Stair and lifting chute are fixed on wheeled undercarriage and form triangle frame;The line roller of the grasping mechanism is by the output axis connection of the second transmission mechanism and the second motor, and on the online roller of cable one ends wound, the cable other end is fixed on clamping jaw after bypassing fixed pulley, and clamping jaw is arranged in lifting chute.The present invention can realize the steady lifting of banana pallet, the electronic cutting Banana Stalk of cutter energy multi-angle, device easy to operation.

Description

A kind of new Banana zooms in car

Technical field

The present invention relates to agricultural mechanical field, especially new Banana zooms in car.

Background technology

There are long tradition and the cultivation region of the length and breadth of land of banana planting in China, is the ancient country for cultivating banana in the world One of, the banana variety of external main cultivation is sent by China mostly at present.All follow the pure labor harvested by hand over the past thousands of years in China Make mode, harvest efficiency is low.Banana picking methods in China's are extensive at present, the harvesting of the banana of most area using artificial harvesting as It is main, and method was both time-consuming, takes a lot of work, arduously used by artificial harvesting at present, was difficult to avoid banana from not being mechanically damaged again, can only Adapt to the harvesting of small lot and low-grade banana.Although foreign countries use cableway transport method, can solve banana transportation problem, can still So without corresponding ripe electronic cutting, banana recovering device, banana harvesting remain in it is pure manually pluck, efficiency is low. Which greatly limits the development of banana industry, pluck by hand merely, the increased requirement of banana can not be met.

In order to improve efficiency, while reduce work slightly, design one kind can realize the electronic cutting of multiple degrees of freedom, harvesting banana To replace pure manual machine very well.Device realizes practical, new, simple to operate, easily manufactured, economic benefit and social benefit Significantly, also make banana harvesting laborsaving, quick, conveniently, old and young operable, qualification is fast;Harvesting often bear fruit fringe only need 10~ 15 seconds, and Banana tree is not injured in itself, the speed ratio for harvesting banana harvests fast 2 times by hand with pure.Banana peasant can so be reduced Labor intensity;And can improves banana harvesting speed and recovery ratio.Apparatus structure is simple, in light weight, easy to operate, fragrant to improving Any of several broadleaf plants planting scale, increase economic efficiency has great meaning with industrialization level, is adapted to the development of banana planting industry.

The content of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of steady lifting that can realize banana pallet, cutter energy multi-angle Electronic cutting Banana Stalk, operating efficiency can be further improved, and ensure the flexible operating of machine multi-angle, realize design knot Structure advantages of simple, economy and durability is easy to maintain, device easy to operation.

To achieve these goals, present invention employs following technical scheme:

A kind of new Banana zooms in car, including vehicle frame, cutting mechanism and grasping mechanism,

The cutting mechanism include knife rest, the first motor, contiguous block, the first transmission mechanism, first rotating shaft, cutterhead, handle, Sliding block, chute and the second rotating shaft, knife rest bottom are connected on contiguous block by fastener, and contiguous block is connected by the first revolute pair It is connected on sliding block, sliding block is arranged in chute, and chute is fixed in the second rotating shaft, and the second rotating shaft both ends pass through bearing and bearing block At the top of vehicle frame;First rotating shaft is arranged on knife rest front end by bearing, and first rotating shaft one end is fixed with cutterhead, first rotating shaft The other end is fixed on knife rest rear end by the output axis connection of the first transmission mechanism and the first motor, handle;

Vehicle frame includes stair, lifting chute and wheeled undercarriage, and stair and lifting chute are fixed on wheeled undercarriage and formed Triangle frame;

The grasping mechanism includes the second motor, the second transmission mechanism, line roller, cable, fixed pulley and clamping jaw, and line roller leads to Cross the output axis connection of the second transmission mechanism and the second motor, on the online roller of cable one ends wound, the cable other end is around fixed sliding It is fixed on after wheel on clamping jaw, clamping jaw is arranged in lifting chute.

Further, in addition to resetting-mechanism is oriented to, the guiding resetting-mechanism includes U-shaped part, guide rod, the first spring And second spring, U-shaped part are arranged on the rear end of chute by the second revolute pair, guide rod is arranged in the through hole on vehicle frame top, And guide rod upper end is fixedly connected on the bottom of U-shaped part, guide rod lower end is limited block, and the first spring is arranged on through hole and U Between shape part, second spring is arranged between limited block and through hole.

Further, first transmission mechanism includes the first belt pulley, belt, the second belt pulley and decelerator, the The output shaft of one motor and the input axis connection of decelerator, the output shaft of decelerator are provided with the first belt pulley, the second belt pulley Installed in first rotating shaft one end, belt tension is on the first belt pulley and the second belt pulley.

Further, the second rotating shaft is vertical with the direction of advance of vehicle frame, glide direction and vehicle frame of the sliding block in chute Direction of advance is parallel, and the Plane of rotation of the first revolute pair is parallel and ground, the Plane of rotation of fastener vertically and ground, cutterhead institute Plane is parallel and ground.

Further, locating part is fixed respectively on contiguous block and sliding block so that the anglec of rotation limitation of the first revolute pair For 30~45 °.

Further, clamping jaw includes sliding bar, support mobile jib, semi-circular support arm and Banana Stalk locating slot, clamping jaw It is arranged on by sliding bar in lifting chute, support mobile jib is fixed on sliding bar, and semi-circular support arm is fixed on support mobile jib On, Banana Stalk locating slot is fixed on support mobile jib lower end and corresponding with the center of circle of semi-circular support arm.

Further, second transmission mechanism includes decelerator, shaft coupling and driving machine, the output shaft of the second motor With the input axis connection of decelerator, the output shaft of decelerator is driven by shaft coupling and the input axis connection of driving machine, the installation of line roller On the output shaft of motivation.

Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that the present invention possesses:

<1>Cutter of the present invention is realized rotating around axle and swung up and down, and is realized and is swung by direction adjustable column, both direction Motion is independent, without using spherical hinge or compound hinges.This can ensure the independence and stability of cutter oscillation well.

<2>Cutter of the present invention relies only on straight line chute, and four axis of rolling, which can be held, realizes that scroll forward and backward moves, without Dragging movement is realized using two line slide rails.Frictional resistance when being moved forward and backward this effectively reduces cutter.

<3>Cutter of the present invention is swung up and down with auto-reset function.After unclamping hand, cutter under the action of the spring can Automatically return to horizontal level.

<4>Swinging for cutter of the present invention can respectively swing 15 ° equipped with stopping means, left and right.This can efficiently control knife The cut coverage of tool, avoids cutter from bumping to fuselage.

<5>The pallet lift slide rail of the present invention is opened on the column of device, integrated with fuselage realization, can effectively save material Material, mitigate the weight of whole device.

<6>The present invention can allow people station to operate on the ground, without other foot stool, avoid personnel from dropping injury.

<7>The present invention is moved with battery for cutterhead, pallet lift provides power, without using gasoline engine, diesel engine.This Can effectively environmental protection, the call of active response national energy-saving emission reduction.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram that new Banana of the present invention zooms in car.

Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram for the second transmission mechanism that new Banana of the present invention zooms in car.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation for the guiding resetting-mechanism that new Banana of the present invention zooms in car.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation for the transmission mechanism that new Banana of the present invention zooms in car.

Fig. 5 is the overall structure diagram that new Banana of the present invention zooms in car.

Embodiment

Technical scheme is further elaborated below by embodiment.

Embodiment 1

A kind of new Banana zooms in car, including vehicle frame 1, cutting mechanism and grasping mechanism,

The cutting mechanism include knife rest 2, the first motor 3, contiguous block 4, the first transmission mechanism, first rotating shaft 5, cutterhead 6, Handle 7, sliding block 8, the rotating shaft 10 of chute 9 and second, the bottom of knife rest 2 are connected on contiguous block 4 by fastener 11, contiguous block 4 It is connected to by the first revolute pair 12 on sliding block 8, sliding block 5 is arranged in chute 9, and chute 9 is fixed in the second rotating shaft 10, and second The both ends of rotating shaft 10 are arranged on the top of vehicle frame 1 by bearing and bearing block;First rotating shaft 5 is arranged on the front end of knife rest 2 by bearing, the The one end of one rotating shaft 5 is fixed with cutterhead 6, and the other end of first rotating shaft 5 is connected by the output shaft of the first transmission mechanism and the first motor 3 Connect, handle 7 is fixed on the rear end of knife rest 1;

Vehicle frame 1 includes stair 25, lifting chute 26 and wheeled undercarriage 27, and stair 25 and lifting chute 26 are fixed on belt wheel Triangle frame is formed on chassis 27;

The grasping mechanism includes the second motor 28, the second transmission mechanism, line roller 29, cable 30, fixed pulley 31 and folder Pawl, line roller 29 is by the output axis connection of the second transmission mechanism and the second motor 28, on the online roller 29 of the one ends wound of cable 30, rope The other end of cable 30 is fixed on clamping jaw after bypassing fixed pulley 31, and clamping jaw is arranged in lifting chute 26.

Further, in addition to resetting-mechanism is oriented to, the guiding resetting-mechanism includes U-shaped part 17, guide rod 14, first Spring 15 and second spring 16, U-shaped part 17 are arranged on the rear end of chute 9 by the second revolute pair 13, and guide rod 14 is arranged on car In the through hole on the top of frame 1, and the upper end of guide rod 14 is fixedly connected on the bottom of U-shaped part 17, and the lower end of guide rod 14 is limited block 18, the first spring 15 is arranged between through hole and U-shaped part 17, and second spring 16 is arranged between limited block 18 and through hole.

Further, first transmission mechanism includes the first belt pulley 19, belt 20, the second belt pulley 21 and slowed down Device 23, the output shaft of the first motor 3 and the input axis connection of decelerator 23, the output shaft of decelerator 23 are provided with the first belt pulley 19, the second belt pulley 21 is arranged on the one end of first rotating shaft 5, and belt 20 is stretched on the first belt pulley 19 and the second belt pulley 20.

Further, the second rotating shaft 10 is vertical with the direction of advance of vehicle frame 1, glide direction and car of the sliding block 8 in chute 9 The direction of advance of frame 1 is parallel, and the Plane of rotation of the first revolute pair 12 is parallel and ground, the Plane of rotation of fastener 11 vertically with ground Face, the place plane of cutterhead 6 is parallel and ground.

Further, locating part 24 is fixed respectively on contiguous block 4 and sliding block 8 so that the anglec of rotation of the first revolute pair 12 Degree is limited to 30~45 °.

Further, clamping jaw includes sliding bar 32, support mobile jib 33, semi-circular support arm 34 and Banana Stalk locating slot 35, clamping jaw is arranged in lifting chute 26 by sliding bar 32, and support mobile jib 33 is fixed on sliding bar 32, semi-circular support arm 34 be fixed on support mobile jib 33 on, Banana Stalk locating slot 35 be fixed on support the lower end of mobile jib 33 and with semi-circular support arm 34 The center of circle it is corresponding.

Further, second transmission mechanism includes decelerator 36, shaft coupling 37 and driving machine 38, the second motor 28 Output shaft and decelerator 36 input axis connection, the output shaft of decelerator 36 passes through shaft coupling 37 and the input shaft of driving machine 38 Connection, line roller 29 are installed on the output shaft of driving machine 38.

Operation principle and its process:

For cutting mechanism, in use, will be pushed into by vehicle frame 1 near target Banana tree, worker is according to Banana Stalk Position, the direction of cutterhead 6 is controlled by handle 7.Pressing or lifting handle 7, cutterhead 6 are lifted or pressed around the second rotating shaft 10 rotation Under, the first spring 15 and second spring 16 play a part of that cutterhead 6 is returned into equilbrium position automatically, and guide rod 14 plays support The effect of spring.Forward or backward during pull handle 7, cutterhead 6 is stretched out and withdrawn by movement of the sliding block 8 in chute 9.It is left Right rotation handle 7, then knife rest 2 moved in a circle around the first revolute pair 12, cutterhead 6 obtain horizontal plane on the free degree.In use, It will be pushed into by vehicle frame 1 near target Banana tree, worker passes through the side of the control cutterhead 6 of handle 7 according to the position of Banana Stalk To.Pressing or lifting handle 7, cutterhead 6 are lifted or depressed around the second rotating shaft 10 rotation, and the first spring 15 and second spring 16 rise To the effect that cutterhead 6 is returned to equilbrium position automatically, guide rod 14 plays a part of support spring.Handle is pulled forward or backward During hand 7, cutterhead 6 is stretched out and withdrawn by movement of the sliding block 8 in chute 9.Left rotation and right rotation handle 7, then knife rest 2 is around first Revolute pair 12 moves in a circle, and cutterhead 6 obtains the free degree on horizontal plane.The setting of fastener 11 is conveniently by knife rest from vehicle frame Remove and cutterhead is changed or repaired.

Stair 25 and lifting chute 26 are fixed on wheeled undercarriage 27 and form triangle frame, and stair 25 tilt installation, rise It is vertically-mounted to drop chute 26, because some Banana trees are very high, the handle 7 of cutting mechanism is operated on worker's stairs.

Clamping jaw is raised to the position of Banana Stalk, Banana Stalk bottom insertion Banana Stalk positioning by the second rotating mechanism Encircled in groove 35 and by semi-circular support arm 34, what can be consolidated after Banana Stalk upper end is cut off by cutterhead 6 rests on clamping jaw In, and with clamping jaw along lifting chute be reduced to ground, by positioned at the worker of bottom surface be attached to storage car in transport.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of new Banana zooms in car, it is characterised in that including vehicle frame, cutting mechanism and grasping mechanism,
The cutting mechanism includes knife rest, the first motor, contiguous block, the first transmission mechanism, first rotating shaft, cutterhead, handle, cunning Block, chute and the second rotating shaft,
Knife rest bottom is connected on contiguous block by fastener, and contiguous block is connected on sliding block by the first revolute pair, sliding block peace In chute, chute is fixed in the second rotating shaft, and the second rotating shaft both ends are arranged at the top of vehicle frame by bearing and bearing block;The One rotating shaft is arranged on knife rest front end by bearing, and first rotating shaft one end is fixed with cutterhead, and the first rotating shaft other end passes by first The output axis connection of motivation structure and the first motor, handle are fixed on knife rest rear end;
Vehicle frame includes stair, lifting chute and wheeled undercarriage, and stair and lifting chute are fixed on wheeled undercarriage and form triangle Shape vehicle frame;
The grasping mechanism includes the second motor, the second transmission mechanism, line roller, cable, fixed pulley and clamping jaw, and line roller passes through The output axis connection of two transmission mechanisms and the second motor, on the online roller of cable one ends wound, after the cable other end bypasses fixed pulley It is fixed on clamping jaw, clamping jaw is arranged in lifting chute;
Also include being oriented to resetting-mechanism, the guiding resetting-mechanism includes U-shaped part, guide rod, the first spring and second spring, U Shape part is arranged on the rear end of chute by the second revolute pair, and guide rod is arranged in the through hole on vehicle frame top, and on guide rod End is fixedly connected on the bottom of U-shaped part, and guide rod lower end is limited block, and the first spring is arranged between through hole and U-shaped part, and second Spring is arranged between limited block and through hole;
Clamping jaw includes sliding bar, support mobile jib, semi-circular support arm and Banana Stalk locating slot, clamping jaw and installed by sliding bar In chute is lifted, support mobile jib is fixed on sliding bar, and semi-circular support arm is fixed on support mobile jib, Banana Stalk positioning Groove is fixed on support mobile jib lower end and corresponding with the center of circle of semi-circular support arm;
First transmission mechanism includes the first belt pulley, belt, the second belt pulley and decelerator, the output shaft of the first motor With the input axis connection of decelerator, the output shaft of decelerator is provided with the first belt pulley, and the second belt pulley is arranged on first rotating shaft One end, belt tension is on the first belt pulley and the second belt pulley;
Second rotating shaft is vertical with the direction of advance of vehicle frame, and glide direction of the sliding block in chute is parallel with the direction of advance of vehicle frame, The Plane of rotation of first revolute pair is parallel and ground, the Plane of rotation of fastener vertically and ground, plane where cutterhead it is parallel with Ground;
Second transmission mechanism includes decelerator, shaft coupling and driving machine, the output shaft of the second motor and decelerator it is defeated Enter axis connection, the output shaft of decelerator installs the output shaft of driving machine by shaft coupling and the input axis connection of driving machine, line roller On.
2. new Banana as claimed in claim 1 zooms in car, it is characterised in that fixed respectively on contiguous block and sliding block to limit Position part so that the anglec of rotation of the first revolute pair is limited to 30~45 °.
CN201510762051.2A 2015-11-10 2015-11-10 A kind of new Banana zooms in car CN105340482B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510762051.2A CN105340482B (en) 2015-11-10 2015-11-10 A kind of new Banana zooms in car

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510762051.2A CN105340482B (en) 2015-11-10 2015-11-10 A kind of new Banana zooms in car

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CN105340482B true CN105340482B (en) 2018-04-10

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Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105993388A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-10-12 刘慧娟 Fruit tree picking ladder
CN106134633B (en) * 2016-08-02 2018-01-23 广西大学 A kind of lever lift banana recovering device
CN106612941A (en) * 2016-09-18 2017-05-10 广西大学 Vertical screw lifting multi-degree-of-freedom banana picking trolley
CN106508283B (en) * 2016-09-30 2019-06-18 广西大学 A kind of banana picking mechanical auxiliary device
CN106576589A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-04-26 广西大学 Multi freedom sisal harvesting apparatus
CN108450142A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-08-28 叶红飞 A kind of banana picking conveyer
CN108521999A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-09-14 陈巧丽 A kind of banana ears access frame and its picker
CN108522000A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-09-14 叶红飞 A kind of banana picking conveyer with fruit axis fixed mechanism
CN108496546A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-09-07 叶红飞 A kind of picking conveyer with banana caulo supporting mechanism

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201185577Y (en) * 2008-04-16 2009-01-28 广西大学 Mechanical auxiliary device for cutting banana
CN101589684B (en) * 2009-06-24 2011-01-05 大同市机械化农业生态项目实验管理站 Bush stumping machine
CN104369198B (en) * 2014-11-04 2016-04-13 西安巨浪精密机械有限公司 The multidirectional anticollision device, collision-prevention device of a kind of robot
CN104908080B (en) * 2015-06-03 2016-08-24 广西大学 Electronic cutting banana device
CN104956846B (en) * 2015-06-03 2017-05-10 广西大学 Electric banana cutting and harvesting apparatus

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