CN105210836B - Plant cabinet and its control method in a kind of vertical farm for family - Google Patents

Plant cabinet and its control method in a kind of vertical farm for family Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105210836B
CN105210836B CN201510678970.1A CN201510678970A CN105210836B CN 105210836 B CN105210836 B CN 105210836B CN 201510678970 A CN201510678970 A CN 201510678970A CN 105210836 B CN105210836 B CN 105210836B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tray body
water pump
cabinet
seedling
leaf vegetables
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CN201510678970.1A
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CN105210836A (en
Inventor
黄健波
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Shenzhen Qishu Technology Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Qishu Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of vertical farms for family to plant cabinet and its control method, and including cabinet and cabinet door, the inner cavity of cabinet includes the bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium, leaf vegetables nursery garden, leaf vegetables growth of seedling area and the leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone that are separated by partition board;The air flue mutually to circulate for air is equipped between the bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium, leaf vegetables nursery garden, leaf vegetables growth of seedling area and leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone;The first planting unit is equipped in bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium;Seedling-raising box is equipped in the leaf vegetables nursery garden;The second planting unit and LED plant growth lamp are equipped in the leaf vegetables growth of seedling area;The second planting unit and LED plant growth lamp are equipped in the leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone.The present invention, which can be realized while be planted, to be needed photosynthetic vegetables and needs the vegetables of respiration, and can realize and each growth phase for needing photosynthetic vegetables is controlled respectively in same cabinet.

Description

Plant cabinet and its control method in a kind of vertical farm for family
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of planting equipment of vegetables, more particularly to a kind of vertical farm for family plant cabinet and its Control method.
Background technology
With the gradual improvement of people's living standard and the change to food needs, it is healthy, green, environmentally friendly, easily give birth to Mode living is increasingly paid attention to, health, nutrition, health food more and more liked by people, wherein green non-pollution, newly The victual of fresh cleaning is particularly important to the modern life of people.And how efficiently to produce this vegetables and paid close attention to as people Important topic.In the prior art, the plantation of family vegetables is substantially is cultivated using with the container of pallet, exist as Lower problem:1st, one mode can only be planted under existing implant system, i.e., in the vegetables of plantation photosynthesis or respiration One kind, such as:Since bean sprouts is opposite with the photosynthesis of bean seedlings, leaf vegetables, bean sprouts absorbs oxygen release carbon dioxide, and beans Seedling, the leaf vegetables absorbing carbon dioxide in photosynthesis discharge oxygen, and existing equipment can not be realized in same cabinets cavity sky Between plant the vegetables for needing photosynthetic vegetables and needing respiration simultaneously.2nd, due to the water that is needed in cultivating process compared with Greatly, artificial watering can sprinkling is required for water daily 2-3 times, labor intensity is big, and the control of irrigation amount is inaccurate, and can not recycle Utilize water resource.And due to being using artificial watering, water cannot be evenly distributed on entire pallet, and water does not flow appearance Stagnant water is easily formed, it is very unfavorable to the growth of plant.
Invention content
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the purpose of the invention is to provide a kind of vertical farm for family to plant cabinet And its control method, it can realize while plant the photosynthetic vegetables (such as leaf vegetables) of needs and need respiration first Vegetables (such as bean sprouts), and can realize to each growth phase of the photosynthetic vegetables (such as leaf vegetables) of needs in same cabinet Inside controlled respectively.Further, it also has the automatic control function of temperature, humidity, water cycle and light.Further Ground, it can ensure that water equably circulates to form running water in systems, be conducive to the growth of plant, while also save Water resource;In addition, it can realize automatic watering function, the labor intensity of worker is reduced, and the control of irrigation amount is more smart Really.Further, the carbon dioxide content that the present invention is realized in case is horizontal higher than indoor carbon dioxide content is put, and The content of oxygen in water can guarantee needed for plant growth.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
Cabinet is planted on a kind of vertical farm for family, including cabinet and cabinet door, it is characterised in that:
The inner cavity of the cabinet includes bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium, leaf vegetables nursery garden, leaf vegetables growth of seedling area and leaf vegetables seedling Maturation zone;It is set between the bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium, leaf vegetables nursery garden, leaf vegetables growth of seedling area and leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone There is the air flue mutually to circulate for air;
It is set in the bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium there are one the first planting unit with the first water pump and positioned at first kind of plant LED plant growth lamp above device;
At least one seedling-raising box is equipped in the leaf vegetables nursery garden;
It is set in the leaf vegetables growth of seedling area there are one the second planting unit with the second water pump and positioned at this second LED plant growth lamp above planting apparatus;
It is set in the leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone there are one the second planting unit with the second water pump and positioned at this second LED plant growth lamp above planting apparatus.
Realizing a kind of embodiment of invention is:Leaf vegetables nursery garden installation is in there are one cross section " several " peace of font It shelves, the quantity of the seedling-raising box is two, and described two seedling-raising boxs are separately positioned on the both sides of the mounting bracket.
Realizing a kind of embodiment of invention is:Be additionally provided in the inner cavity of the cabinet temperature sensor, humidity sensor, Thermoregulator and humidistat;The inside of the cabinet is additionally provided with processor;The outside of the cabinet is additionally provided with display surface Plate and control button panel;The signal output end of the temperature sensor and the first signal input part of processor connect, described The signal output end of humidity sensor and the second signal input terminal of processor connect;The signal output end of the processor is with showing Show the signal input part connection of panel;The signal output end of the control button panel and the third signal input part of processor connect It connects;The signal output end of the processor also respectively with thermoregulator, humidistat, the first water pump, the second water pump and The signal input part connection of LED plant growth lamp.
Realizing a kind of embodiment of invention is:First planting unit include open-topped first tank, First kind is planted pallet, the first watering pallet, the first water pump and the first water pump cover;
It plants pallet for described first kind and includes first kind of plant tray body, the middle part of first kind of plant tray body is equipped with the One through-hole, described first kind is planted the top open part that tray body is mounted on the first tank, first kind of plant pallet sheet There are gaps between the inner wall of body and the first tank;
The first watering pallet includes the first watering tray body, and the middle part of the first watering tray body is equipped with the Two through-holes, the first watering tray body are arranged on the top of first kind of plant tray body, the first watering tray body and the It is fixedly connected between a plant tray body by several studs so that the first watering tray body and first kind of plant pallet sheet It is formed and is spaced in vertical direction between body;It is logical that several equally distributed waterings are additionally provided in the first watering tray body Hole;
First water pump is fixedly installed in the inner cavity of first tank, first water pump be equipped with first into Water pipe and the first outlet pipe;First water inlet pipe of first water pump is located in the inner cavity of the first tank, first water First outlet pipe of pump sequentially passes through the first through hole and the second through-hole stretches out upwards;
The first water pump cover is arranged on the top of second through-hole and covers in the first water outlet of first water pump Pipe;The side wall of the first water pump cover is equipped with the notch for outflow of supplying water.
Realizing a kind of embodiment of invention is:The upper surface of first kind of plant tray body is additionally provided with the first groove, It plants for described first kind and is additionally provided with several drainage through-holes being uniformly distributed on the first groove bottom wall in tray body;Described first It is located on the outside of the first groove in plantation tray body and is additionally provided at least one water injection hole, stopple is equipped in the water injection hole.
Realizing a kind of embodiment of invention is:The upper surface of the watering tray body is additionally provided with the second groove, described Several watering through-holes be distributed on the bottom wall of the second groove.
Realizing a kind of embodiment of invention is:Second planting unit include open-topped second tank, Second kind is planted pallet, the second water pump and the second water pump cover;
It plants pallet for described second kind and includes second kind of plant tray body, the middle part of second kind of plant tray body is equipped with the Three through-holes, the periphery of the third through-hole extend downward with an accommodating chamber, and the accommodating chamber is equipped with inlet opening;Described second Several seedling-raising cup mounting holes are additionally provided in plantation tray body, the upper surface of second kind of plant tray body is additionally provided with third Groove;It is described second kind plant tray body in the middle part of third through-hole by the third groove respectively with several described nursery Cup mounting hole connection;Described second kind is planted the top open part that tray body is mounted on the second tank, second kind of plant There are gaps between the inner wall of tray body and the second tank;
Second water pump is installed in the accommodating chamber, and second water pump is equipped with the second water inlet pipe and the second water outlet Pipe;Second water inlet pipe of second water pump is protruding from the inlet opening, and the second outlet pipe of second water pump passes through The described second kind third through-hole planted in the middle part of tray body stretches out upwards;
The second water pump cover is arranged on the top of the third through-hole and covers in the second water outlet of second water pump Pipe;The side wall of the second water pump cover is equipped with the notch for outflow of supplying water.
Realizing a kind of embodiment of invention is:The third groove is meshed grooves, it includes what is be equally spacedly distributed A plurality of transverse concave groove and a plurality of vertical groove intersected with transverse concave groove;Wherein, several described seedling-raising cup mounting holes are equal It is even to be distributed in transverse concave groove or vertical groove, the described second kind third through-hole planted in the middle part of tray body and transverse concave groove or perpendicular It is connected to groove.
Realizing a kind of embodiment of invention is:The ventilation fan connected with cabinet inner cavity is additionally provided on the cabinet.
A kind of control method of the vertical farm plantation cabinet according to claim 1 for family, which is characterized in that Include the following steps:
1) it is put respectively in bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium, leaf vegetables nursery garden, leaf vegetables growth of seedling area and leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone Put corresponding plant to be cultivated;
2) bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium, leaf vegetables nursery garden, leaf vegetables growth of seedling area and leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone are opened respectively Lamp time, water circulation time, temperature, humidity are controlled, can the one-touch simple operations in control panel, including as follows:
1. leaf vegetables grows fixed mode
2. bean seedlings grow fixed mode
3. bean sprout growth fixed mode
4. adjustable mode.Consumer can be according to the demand of plant growth, arbitrarily to lighting time, water circulation time, temperature Degree, humidity are adjusted.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1st, the inner cavity of cabinet of the invention includes bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium, leaf vegetables nursery garden, leaf vegetables growth of seedling area and leaf Dish seedling maturation zone;The bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium, leaf vegetables nursery garden, leaf vegetables growth of seedling area and leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone Between be equipped with the air flue mutually to circulate for air;It, which can realize while plant, needs photosynthetic vegetables (such as leaf vegetables) and needs The vegetables (such as bean sprouts) of respiration are wanted, and can realize each growth step to needing photosynthetic vegetables (such as leaf vegetables) Section is controlled respectively in same cabinet.LED plant growth lamp is set in vitellarium in bean sprouts/bean seedlings, control can be passed through The switch of lamp and the number of water drenching and time, realizing can be with any number of plant beans bud or sprout in same vitellarium.Bean sprouts/ The first planting unit and LED plant growth lamp are equipped in bean seedlings vitellarium, different mode can be selected from control system, plant bean sprouts When LED plant lamps do not work, plant bean seedlings when LED plant lamps lighted within the specific time by program.
2nd, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, thermoregulator and humidity tune are additionally provided in the inner cavity of cabinet of the invention Device is saved, processor, display panel and control button panel are additionally provided on the outer surface of the cabinet, there is temperature, humidity and lamp The automatic control function of light.
3rd, the first planting unit of the invention in actual use, is stored up by the first water inlet pipe of the first water pump by first Water in water container is pumped into the first water pump, is exported using the first outlet pipe.The water come out from the first outlet pipe is in the first water It under the blocking for pumping cover, flows back into the first water pump cover, water flows into the of watering tray body from the notch of the first water pump cover side wall In one groove, water uniformly flows to each watering through-hole, and flows into first kind by watering through-hole and plant on pallet, such to do Method can improve the oxygen content of water, and the gap that water can be planted from first kind between tray body and the inner wall of the first tank It flows back into the first tank, can ensure that water equably circulates to form running water in systems, be conducive to plant Growth, while also a save water resource;In addition, it can realize automatic watering function by the first water pump, the labor of worker is reduced Fatigue resistance, and the control of irrigation amount is more accurate.Meanwhile watering tray body of the invention is arranged on first kind of plant pallet sheet The top of body is fixedly connected so that watering support between watering tray body and first kind of plant tray body by several studs It is formed and is spaced in vertical direction between disk ontology and first kind of plant tray body, had and bean sprouts is supplied to germinate and grown for sprout simultaneously Double-purpose function.
4th, the second planting unit of the invention in actual use, is stored up by the second water inlet pipe of the second water pump by second Water in water container is pumped into the second water pump, is exported using the second outlet pipe.The water come out from the second outlet pipe is in the second water Under the blocking for pumping cover, flow back into accommodating chamber.After water is filled in accommodating chamber, water is flowed into from the notch of the second water pump cover side wall In the meshed grooves of second kind of plant tray body, water is uniformly flowed in each seedling-raising cup, and such way can make containing for water Oxygen amount improves, and water can be planted from the filtration hole of seedling-raising cup and second kind between tray body and the inner wall of the second tank In clearance backflow to the second tank, it can ensure that water equably circulates to form running water in systems, be conducive to The growth of plant, while also a save water resource;In addition, it can realize automatic watering function by water pump, the labor of worker is reduced Fatigue resistance, and the control of irrigation amount is more accurate.
5th, the present invention by ventilation fan control inside and outside gas exchanges, and internal system contains the internal circulatory system, two kinds The plant of obstructed pattern voluntarily carries out gas circulation.The present invention filters dust using activated-carbon device, adsorbs peculiar smell.The present invention can Thermoregulator to be controlled to be heated up and cools down (plantation is wide).The portion of bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium is corresponded in cabinet door of the present invention Divide and first pass through dark-brown glass optical filtering again through row surface shading treatment so that bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium loses light, and bean seedlings can when growing Using by LED plant growth lamp as light source.The output voltage that the present invention uses is DC12V, increases safety.Cabinet of the present invention Bottom be equipped with child lock, children is effectively prevent to pull out vegetables.The present invention uses foolproof control.
6th, the present invention is not required to spray insecticide during vegetable cultivation, without fertilizer is applied, has the excellent of health environment-friendly Point.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the cabinet of embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the front view of the cabinet of embodiment 1.
Fig. 3 is the first tank of embodiment 1, first kind of explosive view for planting pallet, pallet of sprinkling water.
Fig. 4 is the first tank of embodiment 1, first kind of assembling structure schematic diagram for planting pallet, pallet of sprinkling water.
Fig. 5 is the first water pump of embodiment 1 and the assembling structure schematic diagram of the first water pump cover.
Fig. 6 is the stereogram of the second water circulation system of embodiment 1.
Fig. 7 is the stereogram of the second pallet of embodiment 1.
Fig. 8 is the stereogram of the second tank of embodiment 1.
Fig. 9 is the second water pump of embodiment 1 and the assembling structure schematic diagram of the second water pump cover.
Figure 10 is the structure diagram of the seedling-raising cup of embodiment 1.
Wherein, 1, cabinet;11st, bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium;12nd, leaf vegetables nursery garden;13rd, leaf vegetables growth of seedling area;14th, leaf Dish seedling maturation zone;3rd, partition board;4th, the first planting unit;41st, the first tank;411st, the first convex block;42nd, support is planted for first kind Disk;421st, first kind of plant tray body;422nd, first through hole;423rd, the first groove;424th, drainage through-hole;425th, water injection hole; 426th, stopple;43rd, watering pallet;431st, watering tray body;432nd, the second through-hole;433rd, the second groove;434th, watering through-hole; 435th, spout hole;44th, the first water pump;441st, the first water inlet pipe;442nd, the first outlet pipe;45th, the first water pump cover;46th, stud;5、 Second planting unit;51st, the second tank;511st, the second convex block;52nd, second kind of plant pallet;521st, second kind of plant pallet sheet Body;522nd, third through-hole;523rd, accommodating chamber;524th, inlet opening;525th, seedling-raising cup mounting hole;526th, third groove;5261st, laterally Groove;5262nd, vertical groove;53rd, the second water pump;531st, the second water inlet pipe;532nd, the second outlet pipe;54th, the second water pump cover;6、 LED plant growth lamp;7th, ventilation fan;8th, seedling-raising box;9th, mounting bracket;10th, seedling-raising cup.
Specific embodiment
In the following, with reference to attached drawing and specific embodiment, the present invention is described further:
Embodiment 1:
With reference to Fig. 1-10, cabinet is planted on a kind of vertical farm for family described in the present embodiment, including cabinet 1 and cabinet Door, the inner cavity of the cabinet 1 include the leaf vegetables nursery garden 12 of a bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium 11, one being separated by partition board 3, One leaf vegetables growth of seedling area 13 and two leaf vegetables seedling maturation zones 14;The bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium 11, leaf vegetables nursery garden 12nd, the air flue mutually to circulate for air is equipped between leaf vegetables growth of seedling area 13 and leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone 14;
It is set in the bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium 11 there are one the first planting unit 4 and above the first planting unit 4 LED plant growth lamp 6;
At least one seedling-raising box 8 is equipped in the leaf vegetables nursery garden 12;There are one cross-section for the installation of leaf vegetables nursery garden 12 Face is in " several " mounting bracket 9 of font, the quantity of the seedling-raising box 8 is two, and described two seedling-raising boxs 8 are separately positioned on described The both sides of mounting bracket 9;
It is set in the leaf vegetables growth of seedling area 13 there are one the second planting unit 5 and above second planting unit 5 LED plant growth lamp 6;
It is set in the leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone 14 there are one the second planting unit and above second planting unit 5 LED plant growth lamp 6.
With reference to Fig. 3-5, first planting unit 4 includes open-topped first tank 41, first kind of plant pallet 42nd, watering pallet 43, the first water pump 44 and the first water pump cover 45;
It plants pallet 42 for described first kind and includes kind of first kind of plant tray body 421, first kind of plant tray body 421 Middle part is equipped with first through hole 422, and described first kind is planted the top open part that tray body 421 is mounted on the first tank 41, There are gaps between the inner wall of first kind of plant, 421 and first tank 41 of tray body;
The watering pallet 43 includes watering tray body 431, and the middle part of the watering tray body 431 is logical equipped with second Hole 432, the watering tray body 431 are arranged on the top of first kind of plant tray body 421, tray body 431 of sprinkling water and the It is fixedly connected between a plant tray body 421 by four studs 46 so that watering tray body 431 and first kind of plant pallet It is formed and is spaced in vertical direction between ontology 421;Several equally distributed waterings are additionally provided in the watering tray body 431 Through-hole 434;
First water pump 44 is fixedly installed in the inner cavity of first tank 41, and first water pump 44 is equipped with First water inlet pipe 441 and the first outlet pipe 442;First water inlet pipe 441 of first water pump 44 is located at the first tank 41 Inner cavity in, the first outlet pipe 442 of first water pump 44 sequentially passes through 422 and second through-hole 432 of first through hole It stretches out upwards;
The first water pump cover 45 is arranged on the top of second through-hole 432 and covers in the of first water pump 44 One outlet pipe 442;The side wall of the first water pump cover 45 is equipped with the notch for outflow of supplying water.
The upper surface of first kind of plant tray body 421 is additionally provided with the first groove 423, first kind of plant tray body Several drainage through-holes 424 being uniformly distributed on 423 bottom wall of the first groove are additionally provided on 421.
The upper surface of the watering tray body 431 is additionally provided with the second groove 433.Second groove 433 is rectangular recessed Slot, second through-hole 432 are located at 433 centre position of groove.The watering through-hole 434 is distributed in second groove On 433 bottom wall.The madial wall of the opening of first tank 41 is equipped with the first convex block of several either flush 411, described first kind is planted the top surface that tray body 421 is placed on several first convex blocks 411.First water storage holds The shape of device 41 is rectangle, is corresponding to it, and the shape of first kind of plant tray body 421 is rectangle.The stud 46 Quantity for four, they are respectively distributed to watering tray body 431 and first kind of four angle planted between tray body 421 On.It is located on the outside of the second groove in the watering tray body 431 and is additionally provided at least one spout hole 435.It is described the first It plants the outside in tray body 421 positioned at the first groove 423 and is additionally provided at least one water injection hole 425, set in the water injection hole 425 There is stopple 426.
With reference to Fig. 6-9, second planting unit 5 includes open-topped second tank 51, second kind of plant pallet 52nd, the second water pump 53 and the second water pump cover 54;
It plants pallet 52 for described second kind and includes second kind of plant tray body 521, described second kind is planted in tray body 521 Portion is equipped with third through-hole 522, and the periphery of the third through-hole 522 extends downward with an accommodating chamber 523, the accommodating chamber 523 are made of the bottom wall of annular sidewall and the bottom opening for closing the annular sidewall.The side wall of the accommodating chamber 523 is equipped with Inlet opening 524;It plants for described second kind and 16 seedling-raising cup mounting holes 525 is additionally provided in tray body 521, described second kind is planted support The upper surface of disk ontology 521 is additionally provided with third groove 526;The described second kind third through-hole 522 for planting 521 middle part of tray body is logical The third groove 526 is crossed to connect with 16 seedling-raising cup mounting holes 525 respectively;The third groove 526 is netted Groove, it includes three transverse concave grooves 5261 being equally spacedly distributed and four vertical grooves intersected with transverse concave groove 5261 5262;Wherein, 16 seedling-raising cup mounting holes 525 are uniformly distributed in four vertical grooves 5262, described second The third through-hole 522 for planting 521 middle part of tray body is connected with transverse concave groove 5261.Tray body 521 is planted for described second kind to install In the top open part of the second tank 51, the inner wall of second kind of plant, 521 and second tank 51 of tray body it Between there are gaps;
Second water pump 53 is installed in the accommodating chamber 523, and second water pump 53 is equipped with 531 He of the second water inlet pipe Second outlet pipe 532;Second water inlet pipe 531 of second water pump 53 is protruding from the inlet opening 524, second water Second outlet pipe 532 of pump 53 passes through the described second kind third through-hole 522 for planting 521 middle part of tray body to stretch out upwards;
The second water pump cover 54 is arranged on the top of the third through-hole 522 and covers in the of second water pump 53 Two outlet pipes 532;The side wall of the second water pump cover 54 is equipped with the notch for outflow of supplying water.
The madial wall of the opening of second tank 51 is equipped with the second convex block 511 of several either flush, Described second kind is planted the top surface that pallet 52 is placed on several second convex blocks 511.The shape of second tank 51 Shape is rectangle, is corresponding to it, and the shape of second kind of plant tray body 521 is rectangle.The seedling-raising cup mounting hole 525 For stepped hole.One seedling-raising cup 10 for carrying filtration hole is set in each seedling-raising cup mounting hole 525.
The ventilation fan 7 connected with cabinet inner cavity is additionally provided on the cabinet 1.Ventilation fan 7 is used for inside and outside gas exchanges, and Internal system contains the air flue mutually to circulate for air, and the plant of two kinds of obstructed patterns voluntarily carries out gas circulation.The cabinet 1 Inner cavity in or active charcoal erecting device.
Temperature sensor, humidity sensor, thermoregulator and humidistat are additionally provided in the inner cavity of the cabinet 1; The cabinet is internally provided with processor;The outside of the cabinet is equipped with display panel and control button panel;The temperature passes The signal output end of sensor and the first signal input part of processor connect, the signal output end of the humidity sensor and processing The second signal input terminal connection of device;The signal output end of the processor and the signal input part of display panel connect;It is described The signal output end of control button panel and the third signal input part of processor connect;The signal output end of the processor is also Respectively with thermoregulator, humidistat, the first water pump 44, the second water pump 53 and LED plant growth lamp 6, ventilation fan 7 Signal input part connection.
A kind of control method of the vertical farm plantation cabinet according to claim 1 for family, including following step Suddenly:
1) it is put respectively in bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium, leaf vegetables nursery garden, leaf vegetables growth of seedling area and leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone Put corresponding plant to be cultivated;
2) bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium, leaf vegetables nursery garden, leaf vegetables growth of seedling area and leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone are opened respectively Lamp time, water circulation time, temperature, humidity are controlled, can the one-touch simple operations in control panel, including as follows:
1. leaf vegetables grows fixed mode
2. bean seedlings grow fixed mode
3. bean sprout growth fixed mode
4. adjustable mode.Consumer can be according to the demand of plant growth, arbitrarily to lighting time, water circulation time, temperature Degree, humidity are adjusted.
Embodiment 2:
The characteristics of the present embodiment is:
A kind of control method of the vertical farm plantation cabinet according to claim 1 for family, including following step Suddenly:
1) it is put respectively in bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium, leaf vegetables nursery garden, leaf vegetables growth of seedling area and leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone Put corresponding plant to be cultivated;
2) bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium, leaf vegetables nursery garden, leaf vegetables growth of seedling area and leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone are opened respectively Lamp time, water circulation time, temperature, humidity are controlled, can the one-touch simple operations in control panel, including as follows:
1. leaf vegetables grows fixed mode
2. bean seedlings grow fixed mode
3. bean sprout growth fixed mode
4. adjustable mode.Consumer can be according to the demand of plant growth, arbitrarily to lighting time, water circulation time, temperature Degree, humidity are adjusted.
Structure for the vertical farm plantation cabinet of family is same as Example 1.
Embodiment 3:
The characteristics of the present embodiment is:The edge that tray body is planted at first kind is additionally provided with a water-level gauge.It can know in real time The situation of road water level.The edge that tray body is planted at second kind is additionally provided with a water-level gauge.The situation of water level can be known in real time. Other are same as Example 1.
Other embodiment:
The shape of first tank is square, round or ellipse, is corresponding to it, first kind of plant pallet The shape of ontology is square, round or ellipse.Certainly, the shape of first tank can also be triangle, it is more Side shape or other irregular shapes.The quantity of the stud is eight, they are respectively distributed to watering support with two for one group On disk ontology and first kind of four angle planted between tray body.Watering can be improved or reduce by increasing or decreasing stud Tray body and first kind of interval height planted between tray body.
The shape of second tank is square, round or ellipse, is corresponding to it, second kind of plant pallet The shape of ontology is square, round or ellipse.Certainly, the shape of second tank can also be triangle, it is more Side shape or other irregular shapes.The quantity of the seedling-raising cup mounting hole is 2-40 or more, preferably 16,36. The third groove is meshed grooves, it includes a plurality of transverse concave groove that is equally spacedly distributed and a plurality of intersects with transverse concave groove Vertical groove;Wherein, several described seedling-raising cup mounting holes are uniformly distributed in vertical groove, second kind of plant pallet Third through-hole in the middle part of ontology is connected with vertical groove.
For those skilled in the art, technical solution that can be as described above and design are made other each Kind is corresponding to be changed and deforms, and all these change and deform the protection model that should all belong to the claims in the present invention Within enclosing.

Claims (8)

1. cabinet is planted on a kind of vertical farm for family, including cabinet and cabinet door, it is characterised in that:
It is ripe that the inner cavity of the cabinet includes bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium, leaf vegetables nursery garden, leaf vegetables growth of seedling area and leaf vegetables seedling Area;It is equipped with and supplies between the bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium, leaf vegetables nursery garden, leaf vegetables growth of seedling area and leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone The air flue that air mutually circulates;
It is set in the bean sprouts/bean seedlings vitellarium there are one the first planting unit with the first water pump and positioned at the first planting unit The LED plant growth lamp of top;
At least one seedling-raising box is equipped in the leaf vegetables nursery garden;
It is set in the leaf vegetables growth of seedling area there are one the second planting unit with the second water pump and plants dress positioned at this second kind Put the LED plant growth lamp of top;
It is set in the leaf vegetables seedling maturation zone there are one the second planting unit with the second water pump and plants dress positioned at this second kind Put the LED plant growth lamp of top;
First planting unit includes open-topped first tank, first kind of plant pallet, the first watering pallet, first Water pump and the first water pump cover;
It plants pallet for described first kind and includes first kind of plant tray body, the middle part of first kind of plant tray body is logical equipped with first Hole, it is described first kind plant tray body be mounted on the first tank top open part, it is described first kind plant tray body with There are gaps between the inner wall of first tank;
The first watering pallet includes the first watering tray body, and the middle part of the first watering tray body is logical equipped with second Hole, it is described first watering tray body be arranged on first kind plant tray body top, first watering tray body and the first Plant tray body between be fixedly connected by several studs so that first watering tray body with first kind plant tray body it Between vertical direction formed be spaced;Several equally distributed watering through-holes are additionally provided in the first watering tray body;
First water pump is fixedly installed in the inner cavity of first tank, and first water pump is equipped with the first water inlet pipe With the first outlet pipe;First water inlet pipe of first water pump is located in the inner cavity of the first tank, first water pump First outlet pipe sequentially passes through the first through hole and the second through-hole stretches out upwards;
The first water pump cover is arranged on the top of second through-hole and covers in the first outlet pipe of first water pump;Institute The side wall for stating the first water pump cover is equipped with the notch for outflow of supplying water.
2. cabinet is planted on the vertical farm according to claim 1 for family, it is characterised in that:The leaf vegetables nursery garden peace Dress is in there are one cross section " several " mounting bracket of font, the quantity of the seedling-raising box is two, described two seedling-raising boxs difference It is arranged on the both sides of the mounting bracket.
3. cabinet is planted on the vertical farm according to claim 1 for family, it is characterised in that:In the inner cavity of the cabinet It is additionally provided with temperature sensor, humidity sensor, thermoregulator and humidistat;The inside of the cabinet is additionally provided with processing Device;The outside of the cabinet is additionally provided with display panel and control button panel;The signal output end of the temperature sensor and place The first signal input part connection of device is managed, the signal output end of the humidity sensor and the second signal input terminal of processor connect It connects;The signal output end of the processor and the signal input part of display panel connect;The signal of the control button panel is defeated The third signal input part of outlet and processor connects;The signal output end of the processor also respectively with thermoregulator, wet Spend the signal input part connection of adjuster, the first water pump, the second water pump and LED plant growth lamp.
4. cabinet is planted on the vertical farm according to claim 1 for family, it is characterised in that:First kind of plant pallet The upper surface of ontology is additionally provided with the first groove, plants for described first kind and several is additionally provided in tray body to be uniformly distributed in first recessed Drainage through-hole in groove bottom wall;It plants in tray body to be located on the outside of the first groove for described first kind and is additionally provided at least one water filling Hole is equipped with stopple in the water injection hole.
5. cabinet is planted on the vertical farm according to claim 1 for family, it is characterised in that:The watering tray body Upper surface be additionally provided with the second groove, several described watering through-holes are distributed on the bottom wall of the second groove.
6. cabinet is planted on the vertical farm according to claim 1 for family, it is characterised in that:Second planting unit Pallet, the second water pump and the second water pump cover are planted including open-topped second tank, second kind;
It plants pallet for described second kind and includes second kind of plant tray body, the middle part of second kind of plant tray body leads to equipped with third Hole, the periphery of the third through-hole extend downward with an accommodating chamber, and the accommodating chamber is equipped with inlet opening;Second kind of plant Several seedling-raising cup mounting holes are additionally provided in tray body, it is recessed that the described second kind upper surface for planting tray body is additionally provided with third Slot;It is described second kind plant tray body in the middle part of third through-hole by the third groove respectively with several described seedling-raising cups Mounting hole connects;Described second kind is planted the top open part that tray body is mounted on the second tank, and described second kind is planted support There are gaps between the inner wall of disk ontology and the second tank;
Second water pump is installed in the accommodating chamber, and second water pump is equipped with the second water inlet pipe and the second outlet pipe;Institute The second water inlet pipe for stating the second water pump is protruding from the inlet opening, and the second outlet pipe of second water pump passes through described the Two kinds of third through-holes planted in the middle part of tray body stretch out upwards;
The second water pump cover is arranged on the top of the third through-hole and covers in the second outlet pipe of second water pump;Institute The side wall for stating the second water pump cover is equipped with the notch for outflow of supplying water.
7. cabinet is planted on the vertical farm according to claim 6 for family, it is characterised in that:The third groove is net Shape groove, it includes a plurality of transverse concave groove being equally spacedly distributed and a plurality of vertical groove intersected with transverse concave groove;Wherein, Several described seedling-raising cup mounting holes are uniformly distributed in transverse concave groove or vertical groove, and described second kind is planted in tray body The third through-hole in portion is connected with transverse concave groove or vertical groove.
8. cabinet is planted on the vertical farm according to claim 1 for family, it is characterised in that:It is additionally provided on the cabinet The ventilation fan connected with cabinet inner cavity.
CN201510678970.1A 2015-10-19 2015-10-19 Plant cabinet and its control method in a kind of vertical farm for family Active CN105210836B (en)

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