CN105053734A - Corn straw fermentation decomposing agent and application thereof in preparing corn straw pig feed - Google Patents

Corn straw fermentation decomposing agent and application thereof in preparing corn straw pig feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105053734A
CN105053734A CN201510593145.1A CN201510593145A CN105053734A CN 105053734 A CN105053734 A CN 105053734A CN 201510593145 A CN201510593145 A CN 201510593145A CN 105053734 A CN105053734 A CN 105053734A
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China
Prior art keywords
maize straw
fermentation
feed
pig
straw
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CN201510593145.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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李福生
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Harbin Jinmuyuan Biotechnology Co Ltd
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Harbin Jinmuyuan Biotechnology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a corn straw fermentation decomposing agent and application thereof in preparing corn straw pig feed, belonging to feed processing technology. A decomposing agent is prepared from microorganism comprising bacillus subtilis, beer yeast, baker's yeast, bacillus licheniformis, trichoderma, bifidobacterium, enterococcus, pediococcus acidilactici and plant lactobacillus plantarum, and an excipient comprising urea, maize meal, calcium carbonate, baking soda, salt, magnesium sulfate, glucose, saccharifying enzyme, amylase, cellulase, and microelement for a pig; the corn straw is prepared into the finished pig feed by the steps of corn straw smashing, sieving, excipient adding, microbial liquid diluting and spraying, and anaerobic fermentation; the corn straw is used for preparing the pig feed, the feeding cost is greatly reduced, the pork quality is guaranteed and improved, the obvious social benefit is obtained, the formula of the corn straw fermentation decomposing agent is novel and reasonable, the preparation technology is simple, and the range of application is wide.

Description

Maize straw fermentation distintegrant and preparing the application in maize straw pig feed
Technical field
The invention belongs to livestock feed, relate generally to a kind of fermentation distintegrant for the preparation of maize straw pig feed and method.
Background technology
At present, in the feeding live pig of China, main feeding raises perfect compound feed, and this feed take corn as primary raw material, not only wastes a large amount of corn grain crops, and has increased substantially feeding cost.Simultaneously, some feeding live pig enterprises are in order to promote pig growth speed, avoid the generation of live pig diarrhea disease, with the addition of the compositions such as a large amount of antibiotic, high-copper, Gao Xin in complete feed, pork drug residue amount is increased, and containing the heavy metal such as arsenic, chromium composition in meat, even exceeds required standard, meat quality is poor, is harmful to health.
Maize straw is the agricultural wastes that in China's agricultural production, output is huge, there is no wide and desirable evaluation and exploration technology direction at present.Use as the raw material manufacturing biomass fuel, there is deficiency in economic performance, problem that return rate is low, state revenue and expenditure must be relied on to subsidize, be therefore difficult to apply.In addition, because maize straw is rich in cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, at present, also can only use as the Niu Zuowei roughage of ruminant.Be difficult to be digested and assimilated by simple stomach livestock based on cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, at present, maize straw can't use as the raw material of processing pig feed, can not substitute traditional perfect compound feed, and the exploitation of maize straw are restricted.A large amount of maize straw not only wastes agricultural resource in the burning in field, also causes serious environmental pollution.Therefore, research and develop that a kind of to be prepared into by maize straw alternative be that the simple stomach livestock corn straw feedstuff of the perfect compound feed of major ingredient is very important with corn.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is exactly for above-mentioned prior art Problems existing, in conjunction with the actual needs of feeding live pig, research and develop a kind of maize straw fermentation distintegrant and preparing the application in maize straw pig feed, reach and maize straw made pig feed, meet live pig and feed the object of raising requirements, fully exploitation maize straw.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
A kind of maize straw fermentation distintegrant, described maize straw fermentation distintegrant comprises microbial inoculum and auxiliary material;
Described microbial inoculum is made up of bacillus subtilis, saccharomyces cerevisiae, bread microzyme, bacillus licheniformis, mould, the Bifidobacterium of wood, enterococcus, Pediococcus acidilactici and plant embryo lactobacillus compatibility, and in described microbial inoculum, total bacteria count content is not less than 5,000,000,000/milliliter;
Described auxiliary material, with weight basis, is made up of trace element 3 cooperation of urea 10-50, corn flour 18-50, calcium carbonate 3-6, sodium bicarbonate 5-10, salt 3, magnesium sulfate 1-5, glucose 5-10, carbohydrase 0.1-0.5, amylase 0.1-0.5, cellulase 0.5 and pig.
The application in maize straw pig feed prepared by maize straw fermentation distintegrant,
When 1., dry yellow maize stalk being prepared into maize straw pig's feed, first by dry yellow maize crushed stalk, cross 3mm sieve, obtain maize straw powder raw material, auxiliary material is added in maize straw powder raw material, be uniformly mixed, obtain powder of straw compound, again the microbial inoculum after dilute with water is evenly sprayed on powder of straw compound, adds water, then stir, load in fermentation bag and carry out anaerobic fermentation, anaerobic fermentation temperature is 15-30 DEG C, and fermentation 10-15 days, obtains dry yellow maize stalk pig's feed finished product;
When 2., dark green maize straw being prepared into maize straw pig's feed, first by dark green corn straw smashing, cross 10-12mm sieve, obtain dark green maize straw powder raw material, auxiliary material is added in dark green maize straw powder raw material, be uniformly mixed, obtain powder of straw mixed material, again the microbial inoculum after dilute with water is evenly sprayed on corn stalk powder compound, stir, load in fermentation bag and carry out anaerobic fermentation, anaerobic fermentation temperature is 15-30 DEG C, fermentation 10-15 days, obtains dark green maize straw pig's feed finished product.
Feature of the present invention and technique effect are:
1, the Application and Development of maize straw pig feed, meets the needs of China's grain security strategy, can save the cereal products such as a large amount of corns, solves the problem that people and animals strive grain.The best approach that solution people and animals strive grain is exactly find new feed resource to livestock, and the research and development of maize straw pig feed solve this difficult problem.At present, the annual Feed Manufacturing total amount of China about 1.9 hundred million tons, wherein perfect compound feed about 1.6 hundred million tons, concentrated feed 0.23 hundred million ton, beautiful 0.063 hundred million ton, soul feed, amounts to into perfect compound feed total amount at about 3.8 hundred million tons, its corn consumption about 200,000,000 tons, dregs of beans consumption 0.6 hundred million tons, corn fiber feed and DDG consumption about 0.7 hundred million tons.In scientific experiment of the present invention, on pig-breeding, traditional perfect compound feed is replaced to obtain good hello feed efficiency fruit with the maize straw pig feed accounting for total forage volume 70%; In ox, sheep feed, 80% replaces concentrate supplement, and in broiler chicken, the difficult feed of egg, replace batch with 50%, year saves corn 1.5 hundred million tons, reduces Soybean import more than 60%, has its own strategic significance to solution grain security.
2, the Application and Development of maize straw pig feed, improves meat quality, has ensured food security.Use maize straw fermented feed, not only reduce the content of heavy metal in meat, and eliminate medicament residue.Maize straw fermented feed with 70% replaces perfect compound feed, be equivalent to the interpolation of the mineral raw material reducing 70%, and find in scientific experiment, this maize straw fermented feed can not use with containing antibiotic feed formulation, otherwise will affect the result of use of maize straw fermented feed; In addition, use this feed that live pig can not be caused to suffer from diarrhoea, its enzyme produced excites the self immune system of live pig, and disease resisting effect is good, reduces disease incident, and the speed of growth and the cycle of delivering for sale constant.
3, reduce feeding live pig cost, improve the economic benefit of feedstuff for live pigs.Utilize 400 kilograms of Dry corn stalk stalks, add the maize straw fermented feed cost that auxiliary material and microbial bacterial agent and water prepares 1000 kilograms and be only about 500 yuan, one ton of market price can be replaced at the perfect compound feed of about 3300 yuan, and feeding cost significantly reduces, remarkable in economical benefits.
4, turn waste into wealth, reduce environmental pollution.
Discarded maize straw is prepared into fermented feed by the present invention, decreases maize straw in field, burns the air environmental pollution caused, avoid the loss and waste of organic energy.
5, novel formula of the present invention, rationally, prepare maize straw pig feed method simple, applied widely, for promoting that the development of China's livestock rearing industry provides new feed resource.
Detailed description of the invention
For embodiment, the present invention is described in detail below.
A kind of maize straw fermentation distintegrant, described maize straw fermentation distintegrant comprises microbial inoculum and auxiliary material;
Described microbial inoculum is made up of bacillus subtilis, saccharomyces cerevisiae, bread microzyme, bacillus licheniformis, mould, the Bifidobacterium of wood, enterococcus, Pediococcus acidilactici and plant embryo lactobacillus compatibility, and in described microbial inoculum, total bacteria count content is not less than 5,000,000,000/milliliter;
Described auxiliary material, with weight basis, is made up of trace element 3 cooperation of urea 10-50, corn flour 18-50, calcium carbonate 3-6, sodium bicarbonate 5-10, salt 3, magnesium sulfate 1-5, glucose 5-10, carbohydrase 0.1-0.5, amylase 0.1-0.5, cellulase 0.5 and pig.
The application in maize straw pig feed prepared by maize straw fermentation distintegrant,
When 1., dry yellow maize stalk being prepared into maize straw pig's feed, first by dry yellow maize crushed stalk, cross 3mm sieve, obtain maize straw powder raw material, auxiliary material is added in maize straw powder raw material, be uniformly mixed, obtain powder of straw compound, again the microbial inoculum after dilute with water is evenly sprayed on powder of straw compound, adds water, then stir, load in fermentation bag and carry out anaerobic fermentation, anaerobic fermentation temperature is 15-30 DEG C, and fermentation 10-15 days, obtains dry yellow maize stalk pig's feed finished product;
When 2., dark green maize straw being prepared into maize straw pig's feed, first by dark green corn straw smashing, cross 10-12mm sieve, obtain dark green maize straw powder raw material, auxiliary material is added in dark green maize straw powder raw material, be uniformly mixed, obtain powder of straw mixed material, again the microbial inoculum after dilute with water is evenly sprayed on corn stalk powder compound, stir, load in fermentation bag and carry out anaerobic fermentation, anaerobic fermentation temperature is 15-30 DEG C, fermentation 10-15 days, obtains dark green maize straw pig's feed finished product.
Example one:
Dry yellow maize stalk is prepared into maize straw pig feed: first pulverized by dry yellow maize straw utilization pulverizer, screened by 3mm sieve, obtain dry yellow maize powder of straw raw material, get 400 kilograms of dry yellow maize powder of straw raw materials, will by 23 kilograms of urea, 40 kilograms of corn flours, 4 kilograms of calcium carbonate, 6 kilograms of sodium bicarbonate, 3 kilograms of salt, 3 kilograms of magnesium sulfate, 7 kilograms of glucose, 0.3 kilogram of carbohydrase, 0.2 kg of starch enzyme, 0.5 kilogram of cellulase and 3 kilograms of pigs are added in 400 kilograms of dry yellow maize powder of straw raw materials with 90 kilograms of auxiliary materials of trace element composition and mix, and stir, obtain dry yellow maize powder of straw compound, then by 1 kilogram by bacillus subtilis, saccharomyces cerevisiae, bread microzyme, bacillus licheniformis, mould and the Bifidobacterium of wood, enterococcus, Pediococcus acidilactici, the microbial inoculum of plant embryo lactobacillus composition is with being evenly sprayed onto on dry yellow maize powder of straw compound after 9 kg of water dilutions, add water 500 kilograms, stir, load in fermentation bag and carry out anaerobic fermentation, anaerobic fermentation temperature is 15-30 DEG C, fermentation 10-15 days, obtains about 1000 kilograms of dry yellow maize straw feed for pigs finished products.
Example two:
Dark green maize straw is prepared into maize straw pig feed:
First utilize pulverizer to pulverize dark green maize straw, screened by 10-12mm sieve, obtain dark green maize straw powder raw material, get 940 kilograms of dark green maize straw powder raw materials, will by 10 kilograms of urea, 19 kilograms of corn flours, 3 kilograms of calcium carbonate, 5 kilograms of sodium bicarbonate, 3 kilograms of salt, 1 kilogram of magnesium sulfate, 5 kilograms of glucose, 0.2 kilogram of carbohydrase, 0.3 kg of starch enzyme, 0.5 kilogram of cellulase and 3 kilograms of pigs are added in 940 kilograms of dark green maize straw powder raw materials with 50 kilograms of auxiliary materials of trace element composition and mix, and stir, obtain dark green corn stalk powder compound, then by 1 kilogram by bacillus subtilis, saccharomyces cerevisiae, bread microzyme, bacillus licheniformis, mould and the Bifidobacterium of wood, enterococcus, Pediococcus acidilactici, the microbial inoculum of plant embryo lactobacillus composition is with being evenly sprayed onto on dark green corn stalk powder compound after 9 kg of water dilutions, stir, load in fermentation bag the anaerobic fermentation carried out under 15-30 DEG C of condition 10-15 days, obtain the dark green maize straw pig feed finished product of about 1000 kilograms.
When maize straw pig feed is fed and is raised:
1., the piglet of 15-30 kg body weight, the piglet perfect compound feed of 40-60% can be replaced to use;
2., 30 kg body weight to growing and fattening pigs large in delivering for sale, large pig perfect compound feed in 60-80% can be replaced;
3., nonpregnant or in-pig, the sow perfect compound feed of 70-80% can be replaced;
4., milking sow, the milking sow perfect compound feed of 50-60% can be replaced.

Claims (2)

1. a maize straw fermentation distintegrant, is characterized in that: described maize straw fermentation distintegrant comprises microbial inoculum and auxiliary material;
Described microbial inoculum is made up of bacillus subtilis, saccharomyces cerevisiae, bread microzyme, bacillus licheniformis, mould, the Bifidobacterium of wood, enterococcus, Pediococcus acidilactici and plant embryo lactobacillus compatibility, and in described microbial inoculum, total bacteria count content is not less than 5,000,000,000/milliliter;
Described auxiliary material, with weight basis, is made up of trace element 3 cooperation of urea 10-50, corn flour 18-50, calcium carbonate 3-6, sodium bicarbonate 5-10, salt 3, magnesium sulfate 1-5, glucose 5-10, carbohydrase 0.1-0.5, amylase 0.1-0.5, cellulase 0.5 and pig.
2. the application in maize straw pig feed prepared by maize straw fermentation distintegrant as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that:
When 1., dry yellow maize stalk being prepared into maize straw pig's feed, first by dry yellow maize crushed stalk, cross 3mm sieve, obtain maize straw powder raw material, auxiliary material is added in maize straw powder raw material, be uniformly mixed, obtain powder of straw compound, again the microbial inoculum after dilute with water is evenly sprayed on powder of straw compound, adds water, then stir, load in fermentation bag and carry out anaerobic fermentation, anaerobic fermentation temperature is 15-30 DEG C, and fermentation 10-15 days, obtains dry yellow maize stalk pig's feed finished product;
When 2., dark green maize straw being prepared into maize straw pig's feed, first by dark green corn straw smashing, cross 10-12mm sieve, obtain dark green maize straw powder raw material, auxiliary material is added in dark green maize straw powder raw material, be uniformly mixed, obtain powder of straw mixed material, again the microbial inoculum after dilute with water is evenly sprayed on corn stalk powder compound, stir, load in fermentation bag and carry out anaerobic fermentation, anaerobic fermentation temperature is 15-30 DEG C, fermentation 10-15 days, obtains dark green maize straw pig's feed finished product.
CN201510593145.1A 2015-09-17 2015-09-17 Corn straw fermentation decomposing agent and application thereof in preparing corn straw pig feed Pending CN105053734A (en)

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Cited By (7)

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CN105360614A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-03-02 尹显亮 Complete filling feed and preparation method thereof
CN105661063A (en) * 2016-01-04 2016-06-15 山东省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Method for preparing live pig feed by utilizing green straw
CN107603916A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-01-19 南京康之春生物科技有限公司 A kind of antimicrobial composition microbial inoculum, its preparation method and application
CN107912608A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-04-17 成都金川田农机制造有限公司 A kind of maize straw fermentation distintegrant
CN110150462A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-08-23 刘洋 A kind of production method and application of straw fermented feed
CN110192593A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-09-03 西昌学院 A kind of feed and its preparation method and application using dark green stalk preparation
CN110477190A (en) * 2019-08-28 2019-11-22 上海交通大学 A kind of stalk anaerobic fermentation feed and preparation process and formula forage

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105360614A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-03-02 尹显亮 Complete filling feed and preparation method thereof
CN105661063A (en) * 2016-01-04 2016-06-15 山东省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Method for preparing live pig feed by utilizing green straw
CN105661063B (en) * 2016-01-04 2016-12-28 山东省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 A kind of method utilizing dark green straw to prepare feedstuff for live pigs
CN107603916A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-01-19 南京康之春生物科技有限公司 A kind of antimicrobial composition microbial inoculum, its preparation method and application
CN107912608A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-04-17 成都金川田农机制造有限公司 A kind of maize straw fermentation distintegrant
CN110192593A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-09-03 西昌学院 A kind of feed and its preparation method and application using dark green stalk preparation
CN110150462A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-08-23 刘洋 A kind of production method and application of straw fermented feed
CN110477190A (en) * 2019-08-28 2019-11-22 上海交通大学 A kind of stalk anaerobic fermentation feed and preparation process and formula forage

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Application publication date: 20151118