CN105052549A - High-yield cultivation method of enoki mushrooms - Google Patents

High-yield cultivation method of enoki mushrooms Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105052549A
CN105052549A CN201510497298.6A CN201510497298A CN105052549A CN 105052549 A CN105052549 A CN 105052549A CN 201510497298 A CN201510497298 A CN 201510497298A CN 105052549 A CN105052549 A CN 105052549A
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China
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bag
mushroom
cultivation
asparagus
sack
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CN201510497298.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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梁德政
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201510497298.6A priority Critical patent/CN105052549A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms

Abstract

Provided is a high-yield cultivation method of enoki mushrooms. The method comprises the steps that enoki mushroom varieties which are free of miscellaneous bacteria, healthy and strong in growth of hyphae and suitable for growing at local climate and are just overgrown with the hyphae which are not aged are taken as provenances; corncobs, cottonseed hulls, rice bran and the like are taken as raw materials, and mixing, bagging, sterilization and bacterium cultivation are conducted on the raw materials to obtain a bacterium bag for production; the whole cultivation process is completed through mushroom producing by opening the bag, management of producing mushrooms, harvesting and final-period management. According to the high-yield cultivation method of the enoki mushrooms, by means of the measures that good bacteria varieties are selected, the best cultivation season is mastered, good raw materials and best formulas are adopted, and the cultivation mode is improved, the yield and the quality of the enoki mushrooms are further improved, the production cycle is further shortened, the production cost is greatly reduced, and the economic benefit is greatly improved. The high-yield cultivation method of the enoki mushrooms is very suitable for industrial, scale and intensive production of the enoki mushrooms.

Description

A kind of high-yield cultivating method of Asparagus
Technical field
The invention belongs to edible fungus culturing new technical field, be specifically related to a kind of high-yield cultivating method of Asparagus.
Background technology
A kind of luxury food of genus flammulina edible fungi, be commonly called as intelligence mushroom and vigorous and graceful mushroom, nutritive value is very high, the function having brain tonic, mend brain, increase intelligence.According to surveying and determination, the amino acid whose content of Asparagus is very abundant, and higher than general mushroom class, especially the content of lysine is high especially, and lysine has the function promoting children ' s intelligence development.Containing protein 8.87% in Asparagus dry product, carbohydrate 60.2%, raw fiber reaches 7.4%, often eats and can prevent and treat canker.Have research to show again, a kind of material contained in Asparagus has good antitumaous effect.Have good effect to treatment brain, angiocardiopathy, intestines and stomach disease, liver system disease, also can give protection against cancer simultaneously, anticancer, anti-ageing, promote that child height and intelligence development have remarkable result.
Asparagus with its cap sliding tender, handle is crisp, nutritious, delicious agreeable to the taste and be world-famous for, the particularly first-class food materials of cold vegetable dish in sauce and chafing dish, it is nutritious, and A sweety scent assails the nostrils and delicious flavour, is deeply loved by the public.
Asparagus is a kind of ticbit, is again good health food, and the domestic and international market of Asparagus is day by day wide.At present, the tame method of Asparagus is a lot, but due to the proportioning of raw materials for production composition unreasonable, the shortcomings such as production management lacks scientific and effective method, and current Asparagus ubiquity low yield, growth cycle are long.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is just to provide the high-yield cultivating method of brand-new a kind of Asparagus.Specifically comprise: select without miscellaneous bacteria, mycelial growth key-like, mycelia just covered with without aging, be applicable to Varieties in Flammulina velutipes that local weather grows as provenance.And select corncob, cotton seed hulls, rice bran etc. to be raw material, then raw material must be produced used bacterium bag by spice, pack, sterilizing, inoculation, cultivation, finally by uncovered fruiting, management of producing mushroom, gather, final-period management completes a whole set of cultivation.By selecting excellent species, best cultivation season is held in support, adopt quality raw materials and the measure such as optimum formula and planting type improvement, the Yield and quality of further raising Asparagus and shortening production cycle, significantly reduce production cost and increase economic efficiency.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A high-yield cultivating method for Asparagus, is in technical scheme to comprise the steps:
1, select bacterial classification: select without miscellaneous bacteria, mycelial growth key-like, mycelia just covered with without aging, be applicable to Varieties in Flammulina velutipes that local weather grows as provenance.
2, raw material composition and proportioning: corncob 58%, cotton seed hulls 20%, rice bran 14%, superphosphate 5%, gypsum 2%, composite fertilizer 1%.
3, spice: above-mentioned raw materials is mixed and the mixed material that stirs to obtain, and then admix appropriate water and the water content of mixed material is adjusted to 60 ~ 65% and must produces and use raw material.
4, pack: select 17x35x0.05cm high density low-pressure polyethylene plastic sack to be cultivation bag, be then sub-packed in cultivation bag by production raw material, every sacked material 15cm is high, the upper end 20cm that leaves a blank is convenient to sporophore growth from now on.
5, sterilizing: conventionally carry out disinfection Bag Material sterilizing.
6, inoculate: in an aseptic environment toward Bag Material access Needle mushroom strain, every bottle of bacterial classification connects 50 ~ 80 bags, tie sack after having connect and carry out sending out bacterium cultivation.
7, cultivation: postvaccinal Bag Material is moved on to the culturing room can building half-light environment, cultural hypha process keeps environment to be in half-light state, maintains the temperature at 10 ~ 20 DEG C simultaneously, and vegetative stage carries out half-light and cultivates and be conducive to that nutrition is concentrated, fruiting is neat.
8, uncovered fruiting: when mycelia covers with full bag, should unhitch immediately, unlimited sack is conducive to the formation of fruit body, wants after opening wide sack to cover on sack by newspaper in time, avoids media surface dehydration, affect the formation of mushroom flower bud.
9, management of producing mushroom: after Asparagus sack is spacious, indoor will increase certain light and humidity, but not sun direct projection, every day, needs were sprayed water to newspaper, keep relative air humidity about 85 ~ 95%, within 3 ~ 5 days, can occur small mushroom bud, through the management of 10 ~ 15 days, Asparagus stem just can grow sack.
10, gather: will gather in time after Asparagus maturation, the not so easy variable color of stem, rot; Ripeness standard is that cap has started expansion, if cap edge rolled up fully ripe when saying and reduce quality, during harvesting, every bag of Asparagus size is adopted simultaneously, stem base portion is pinched with hand, wave gently and just can adopt down, and then the composts or fertilisers of cultivating that stem base portion is stained with is cut off, be fitly placed in large bamboo or wicker basket and sell.
11, final-period management: often criticize after Asparagus is gathered and will remove old mycoderma and mushroom root, extremely mushroom, one deck is scraped off again very thin again for the surface of material, cover newspaper again, can stop water spray after 3 ~ 5 days, manage as stated above again, impel second batch mushroom to be formed early, if the undue desiccation of later stage medium, a small amount of water can be sprayed in bag, favourable volume increase.
The present invention both had the following advantages:
1, golden mushroom plantation method technique proposed by the invention simply, is easily implemented.
2, by implementing the present invention, by selecting excellent species, best cultivation season is held in support, adopt quality raw materials and the measure such as optimum formula and planting type improvement, the Yield and quality of further raising Asparagus and shortening production cycle, significantly reduce production cost and increase economic efficiency.
3, by implementing the present invention, very Asparagus batch production, scale, intensive manufacture is applicable to.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, method of the present invention is further illustrated.
A high-yield cultivating method for Asparagus, specific implementation method is as follows:
1, select bacterial classification: select without miscellaneous bacteria, mycelial growth key-like, mycelia just covered with without aging, be applicable to Varieties in Flammulina velutipes that local weather grows as provenance.
2, raw material composition and proportioning: corncob 58%, cotton seed hulls 20%, rice bran 14%, superphosphate 5%, gypsum 2%, composite fertilizer 1%.
3, spice: above-mentioned raw materials is mixed and the mixed material that stirs to obtain, and then admix appropriate water and the water content of mixed material is adjusted to 60 ~ 65% and must produces and use raw material.
4, pack: select 17x35x0.05cm high density low-pressure polyethylene plastic sack to be cultivation bag, be then sub-packed in cultivation bag by production raw material, every sacked material 15cm is high, the upper end 20cm that leaves a blank is convenient to sporophore growth from now on.
5, sterilizing: conventionally carry out disinfection Bag Material sterilizing.
6, inoculate: in an aseptic environment toward Bag Material access Needle mushroom strain, every bottle of bacterial classification connects 50 ~ 80 bags, tie sack after having connect and carry out sending out bacterium cultivation.
7, cultivation: postvaccinal Bag Material is moved on to the culturing room can building half-light environment, cultural hypha process keeps environment to be in half-light state, maintains the temperature at 10 ~ 20 DEG C simultaneously, and vegetative stage carries out half-light and cultivates and be conducive to that nutrition is concentrated, fruiting is neat.
8, uncovered fruiting: when mycelia covers with full bag, should unhitch immediately, unlimited sack is conducive to the formation of fruit body, wants after opening wide sack to cover on sack by newspaper in time, avoids media surface dehydration, affect the formation of mushroom flower bud.
9, management of producing mushroom: after Asparagus sack is spacious, indoor will increase certain light and humidity, but not sun direct projection, every day, needs were sprayed water to newspaper, keep relative air humidity about 85 ~ 95%, within 3 ~ 5 days, can occur small mushroom bud, through the management of 10 ~ 15 days, Asparagus stem just can grow sack.
10, gather: will gather in time after Asparagus maturation, the not so easy variable color of stem, rot; Ripeness standard is that cap has started expansion, if cap edge rolled up fully ripe when saying and reduce quality, during harvesting, every bag of Asparagus size is adopted simultaneously, stem base portion is pinched with hand, wave gently and just can adopt down, and then the composts or fertilisers of cultivating that stem base portion is stained with is cut off, be fitly placed in large bamboo or wicker basket and sell.
11, final-period management: often criticize after Asparagus is gathered and will remove old mycoderma and mushroom root, extremely mushroom, one deck is scraped off again very thin again for the surface of material, cover newspaper again, can stop water spray after 3 ~ 5 days, manage as stated above again, impel second batch mushroom to be formed early, if the undue desiccation of later stage medium, a small amount of water can be sprayed in bag, favourable volume increase.

Claims (1)

1. a high-yield cultivating method for Asparagus, is characterized in that comprising the steps:
(1) select bacterial classification: select without miscellaneous bacteria, mycelial growth key-like, mycelia just covered with without aging, be applicable to Varieties in Flammulina velutipes that local weather grows as provenance;
(2) raw material composition and proportioning: corncob 58%, cotton seed hulls 20%, rice bran 14%, superphosphate 5%, gypsum 2%, composite fertilizer 1%;
(3) spice: above-mentioned raw materials is mixed and the mixed material that stirs to obtain, and then admix appropriate water and the water content of mixed material is adjusted to 60 ~ 65% and must produces with raw material;
(4) pack: select 17x35x0.05cm high density low-pressure polyethylene plastic sack to be cultivation bag, be then sub-packed in cultivation bag by production raw material, every sacked material 15cm is high, the upper end 20cm that leaves a blank is convenient to sporophore growth from now on;
(5) sterilizing: conventionally carry out disinfection Bag Material sterilizing;
(6) inoculate: in an aseptic environment toward Bag Material access Needle mushroom strain, every bottle of bacterial classification connects 50 ~ 80 bags, tie sack after having connect and carry out sending out bacterium cultivation;
(7) cultivation: postvaccinal Bag Material is moved on to the culturing room can building half-light environment, cultural hypha process keeps environment to be in half-light state, maintain the temperature at 10 ~ 20 DEG C, vegetative stage carries out half-light and cultivates and be conducive to that nutrition is concentrated, fruiting is neat simultaneously;
(8) uncovered fruiting: when mycelia covers with full bag, should unhitch immediately, unlimited sack is conducive to the formation of fruit body, wants after opening wide sack to cover on sack by newspaper in time, avoids media surface dehydration, affect the formation of mushroom flower bud;
(9) management of producing mushroom: after Asparagus sack is spacious, indoor will increase certain light and humidity, but not sun direct projection, every day, needs were sprayed water to newspaper, keep relative air humidity about 85 ~ 95%, within 3 ~ 5 days, can occur small mushroom bud, through the management of 10 ~ 15 days, Asparagus stem just can grow sack;
(10) gather: will gather in time after Asparagus maturation, the not so easy variable color of stem, rot; Ripeness standard is that cap has started expansion, if cap edge rolled up fully ripe when saying and reduce quality, during harvesting, every bag of Asparagus size is adopted simultaneously, stem base portion is pinched with hand, wave gently and just can adopt down, and then the composts or fertilisers of cultivating that stem base portion is stained with is cut off, be fitly placed in large bamboo or wicker basket and sell;
(11) final-period management: often criticize after Asparagus is gathered and will remove old mycoderma and mushroom root, extremely mushroom, one deck is scraped off again very thin again for the surface of material, cover newspaper again, can stop water spray after 3 ~ 5 days, manage as stated above again, impel second batch mushroom to be formed early, if the undue desiccation of later stage medium, a small amount of water can be sprayed in bag, favourable volume increase.
CN201510497298.6A 2015-08-14 2015-08-14 High-yield cultivation method of enoki mushrooms Pending CN105052549A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106718024A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 河池市农业科学研究所 Asparagus high yield bag cultivating method
CN108419603A (en) * 2018-03-07 2018-08-21 重庆市宽哥农业发展有限公司 The cultural method of selenium-rich gold needle mushroom
CN109042064A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-21 铜陵盛牛菌业有限责任公司 A kind of cultural method of needle mushroom
CN109112070A (en) * 2018-08-03 2019-01-01 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 One plant of Strains of Flammulina velutipes

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106718024A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 河池市农业科学研究所 Asparagus high yield bag cultivating method
CN108419603A (en) * 2018-03-07 2018-08-21 重庆市宽哥农业发展有限公司 The cultural method of selenium-rich gold needle mushroom
CN109112070A (en) * 2018-08-03 2019-01-01 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 One plant of Strains of Flammulina velutipes
CN109112070B (en) * 2018-08-03 2021-10-08 四川省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Flammulina velutipes strain
CN109042064A (en) * 2018-08-28 2018-12-21 铜陵盛牛菌业有限责任公司 A kind of cultural method of needle mushroom

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Application publication date: 20151118