CN105010172A - Marine agricultural anti-wave and stable submerged multi-functional planting and culturing apparatus - Google Patents

Marine agricultural anti-wave and stable submerged multi-functional planting and culturing apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105010172A
CN105010172A CN201410160357.6A CN201410160357A CN105010172A CN 105010172 A CN105010172 A CN 105010172A CN 201410160357 A CN201410160357 A CN 201410160357A CN 105010172 A CN105010172 A CN 105010172A
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cultivation container
attached
functional
functional kind
cultivation
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朱剑文
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

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  • Cultivation Receptacles Or Flower-Pots, Or Pots For Seedlings (AREA)

Abstract

A marine agricultural anti-wave and stable submerged multi-functional planting and culturing apparatus is provided, and in particular a marine agricultural anti-wave and stable submerged multi-functional planting and culturing apparatus that is connected to an offshore platform or an individual anti-wave and stable submerged apparatus that utilizes an ocean or a lake to culture freshwater organisms, seawater organisms and seawater resistant plants is provided. The apparatus comprises a multi-functional planting and culturing container, a buoyancy stability adjustable apparatus or a marine control ballast tank. The multi-functional planting and culturing container may be on the ground or on a ship or anti-wave stably submerged in the sea or lake water, to plant and culture freshwater organisms, seawater organisms and seawater resistant plants. The offshore platform or the buoyancy stability adjustable apparatus or the marine control ballast tank that is connected to the multi-functional planting and culturing container provides the multi-functional planting and culturing container with anti-wave, stable, adjustable and submersible buoyancy. The multi-functional planting and culturing container is added with various apparatuses for meeting living and growth needs of culturing freshwater organisms, seawater organisms and seawater resistant plants.

Description

The steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator
Technical field
The present invention relates to the steady snorkeling of a kind of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator, especially a kind of link ocean platform or the alone steady snorkeling of wind wave resistance, utilize the steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator of ocean, lake kind cultivation limnobios, seawater living, sea water resistance plant.
Background technology
At present, known technology has following deficiency: Zhoushan Oceanic and Fisheries board web is interrogated: in order effectively to solve, the supply of ocean operation crewman fresh vegetables is difficult, the problem of fresh-keeping difficulty, Zhoushan Hai Dawei Ocean Fishery Development Co., Ltd is through market survey extensively and profoundly and investigation, introduce, digest, absorb, develop and be suitable for outdoor growing vegetables system peculiar to vessel.The main feature of this system be can the illumination of reasonable utilization natural world abundance, temperature environment, in conjunction with advanced without electric automatic water supplement humidity control device, break away from manually water troublesome while, the moisture ensured needed for vegetables healthy growth can be stablized, avoiding Traditional Man waters more or less to the injury that vegetable growth causes, the organic slow-release composite fertilizer of efficient multi-element, can guarantee that fertility discharges all lastingly even, promotes growing up strong and sturdy of green vegetables.
Guangzhou Daily is interrogated: in one piece, Nanao County, the island county Agricultural Popular Science Demonstration Base that Guangdong is unique, and staff is on the job waters to the vegetables in field.Use directly from drawing up the high salinity seawater come in the sea." vegetables of our plantation are seawater pouring cultivations ".
Uncommon in Russia engineer Fred before oneth century. day, Byrd was on a Crimean mountain top, had found the pyramid form building of 13 bedstones.Every has 30 feet high, and 100 feet wide, looks like gravestone.It is the pipeline leading to city made with laterite of some breakages around them.These pyramids are called at " water source " by locals.He reaches a conclusion thus: these pyramid form buildings made of stones and pipeline are all the devices collecting dew.
One of desert the most arid in the world, people's past attempts collects fog.The mountain top be continuous in the northern Atacama Desert of Chile, suspended on 75 large plastics sail nets.Here do not have rainfall for successive years, but the coastal waters air-flow of cold regularly gushes from the Pacific Ocean in a large number, plastics sail Netcom crosses the moisture in these mists of acquisition and becomes very moist.Every sheet sail net has 40 feet × 10 feet sizes, within one day, can collect 40 gallons waters.This small town the past water only having 350 people to abound with fish and shell leans on the waterr transporting vehicle come from 50 miles completely.This engineering on average can provide 4000 gallons waters to them every day.This method is also widely accepted, expands, and the whole pacific a lot of community of South America has built catches veil account, is used for supplying water to new trees of planting.This system is once set up, and these trees just for oneself collects fog on leaf, can again create the ecosystem based on mist in desert.
Therefore be necessary very much to develop advantage to the existing background technology in the world, overcome not enough reference or optimum organization.Technological innovation in namely Modern Significance succession.Just as diamond and graphite are all made up of carbon atom.But the combination of " isomerism " but causes the two diverse character between carbon atom.Diamond popular name diamond.Be the hardest material of occurring in nature, have the laudatory title of the king of " king of hardness " and jewel.Graphite is then one of the softest material.So-called " the raw Huainan of tangerine is then tangerine, and raw is then trifoliate orange in the Huaibei " " have suffered repeated defeats and fight repeatedly after suffering repeated defeats ".Research and development a kind of link ocean platform or the alone steady snorkeling of wind wave resistance, utilize the steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator of ocean, lake kind cultivation limnobios, seawater living, sea water resistance plant.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is:
Overcome the deficiency of background technology.There is provided a kind of and link ocean platform or the steady snorkeling of wind wave resistance alone, utilize the steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator of ocean, lake kind cultivation limnobios, seawater living, sea water resistance plant.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves the employing of its technical problem is:
The steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator is by multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, and buoyancy stablizes tunable arrangement or snorkeling controls ballast tank formation.Multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with outside framework, multi-functional kind cultivation container bottom outer surface or outside framework bottom outer surface is additional is linked with buoyancy and stablizes tunable arrangement, the buoyancy aid that buoyancy stablizes tunable arrangement is attached with the device of wave absorption stability float, or multi-functional kind cultivates container bottom outer surface or the additional snorkeling that is linked with of outside framework bottom outer surface controls ballast tank, multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface or outside framework outer surface add the device being linked with thrust movement, multi-functional kind cultivation container bottom outer surface or outside framework bottom outer surface add and are linked with water-bed stabilising arrangement or counterweight, multi-functional kind cultivation container top outer surface or outside framework outer surface of cupular part are attached with lifting stationary device, the lifting stationary device that multi-functional kind cultivation container top outer surface or outside framework outer surface of cupular part are attached with is additional is linked with ocean platform, multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface or outside framework outer surface are attached with interlink stationary device or single stationary device, multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface top or outside framework external surface top add the rail system device being fixed with and hanging and run agricultural machinery, multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface top or outside framework external surface top add the system and device being fixed with regulation and control agricultural machinery, multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface top or outside framework external surface top periphery are attached with management and make an inspection tour aisle, management is maked an inspection tour aisle bottom outer surface and is attached with wave absorption damping material or critical transition wave absorption material, Ecology kind is had to cultivate material in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, kind of a cultivation status data is attached with in Ecology kind cultivation material in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, the monitoring of Ecology kind cultivation material status data, display unit, Ecology kind cultivation material top in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with makes dew, make the device of water, in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, bottom is attached with the airtight aquifer of isolation, the device of device into water and draining is had in the aquifer that in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, the isolation that is attached with of bottom is airtight, the device that water level regulates is attached with in the aquifer that the isolation that in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, bottom is attached with is airtight, water level is attached with in the aquifer that the isolation that in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, bottom is attached with is airtight, monitoring water quality, the device of display, the capillary evaporation irrigation pipe longitudinally leading directly to Ecology kind cultivation material top in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is had in the aquifer that the isolation that in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, bottom is attached with is airtight, capillary evaporation irrigation pipe periphery has pore, be attached with end in capillary evaporation irrigation pipe and be dipped in the capillary materials of isolating in airtight aquifer water, multi-functional kind of Cultivation container erects wall top and is attached with the mouth of pipe and has the anti-lateral current siphunculus escaping to net, multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with kind of the system and device that cultivation is auxiliary, multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with anti-, to cure the disease the system and device of insect pest, multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with and promotes kind of a system and device for material culture growth, multi-functional kind cultivation container top opening is attached with to be prevented escaping square.Multi-functional kind of Cultivation container of various shapes such as square, cuboid, cylinder is manufactured, for kind of a cultivation seawater living, limnobios with various high strength such as concrete, fiberglass, plastics, corrosion-resistant material.Multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with and (illustrates the style of writing that Patent Law detailed rules for the implementation the 22nd article of qualifying part style of writing is understood according to me: the meaning be attached with refers to: have additional inessential technical characteristic feasible, and not additional inessential technical characteristic is good.But the technique effect that both produce is different.Briefly: be exactly there is not additional inessential technical characteristic or have two kinds of situations of additional inessential technical characteristic) be enclosed within multi-functional outside framework of planting cultivation container outer surface with various high strength such as metal, plastics, corrosion-resistant material manufacture.Outside framework is for reinforcing multi-functional kind of Cultivation container and being convenient to install various attachment device, multi-functional kind cultivation container bottom outer surface or outside framework bottom outer surface is additional is linked with buoyancy and stablizes tunable arrangement, buoyancy stablizes tunable arrangement to be had and plants isometric coupling chain that the outer surface bottom the cultivation outer surface of container bottom or outside framework fixes multi-functional or link hawser or connecting rod, isometric coupling chain or link interval on hawser or connecting rod and be fixed with buoyancy aid or the adjustable buoyancy aid of buoyancy, the buoyancy aid that buoyancy is adjustable has the float member of airtight hollow.The two sides outer surface that the float member gravity axis place of airtight hollow float member gravity axis that is porose or airtight hollow is corresponding has with coupling chain or links hawser or connecting rod is fastened to each other, the device that links, the float member of airtight hollow has the various control valve such as the various control valve such as air inlet-outlet pipe and gas control, water control, automatically controlled, conputer controlled and intake-discharge pipe and gas control, water control, automatically controlled, conputer controlled, is attached with the buoyancy induction of various form, the devices of display such as wireless, wired in the float member of airtight hollow.The buoyancy aid that buoyancy stablizes tunable arrangement is attached with the cylindrical or various shape such as square column type or streamline cylindricality manufactured with the wave absorption damping material of various luffa shapes such as the various corrosion-resistant materials such as plastic plate, plastic tube, metallic plate, metal tube or thin plastics silk thread, thin nylon wire, around being enclosed in buoyancy aid periphery, intercept the device of the wave absorption stability float of buoyancy aid periphery sea boundary wave conduction.The buoyancy of various form stablize tunable arrangement for provide for multi-functional kind of Cultivation container wind wave resistance, stable, adjustable, can the buoyancy of snorkeling.Or multi-functionally plant the cabin body that cultivation container bottom outer surface or outside framework bottom outer surface add the circle that is linked with and manufactures with various high strength such as steel, armored concrete, engineering plastics, fiberglass, corrosion-resistant, inert material or the airtight hollow of various shape, the snorkeling of withstand voltage single or multiple parallel connection or series connection controls ballast tank, the cabin body that snorkeling controls ballast tank has the various control valve such as the various control valve such as air inlet-outlet pipe and gas control, water control, automatically controlled, conputer controlled and intake-discharge pipe and gas control, water control, automatically controlled, conputer controlled.The buoyancy induction of various form, the devices of display such as wireless, wired is attached with in the cabin body of snorkeling control ballast tank, snorkeling controls ballast tank and controls the weight of water in ballast tank by inflation/deflation increase and decrease snorkeling the steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator is floated or dive as submarine, for multi-functional kind of Cultivation container provide wind wave resistance, stable, adjustable, can the buoyancy of snorkeling.Snorkeling controls the device that ballast tank outer surface is attached with pneumatic, hydrodynamic(al), the various thrust movement such as electronic.For meeting the needs of the steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator movement.Snorkeling control ballast tank bottom outer surface is additional is linked with various water-bed stabilising arrangement or the counterweight such as water-bed stabilizer, deep-water resistance stabilising arrangement.Meet the steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator link ocean platform or wind wave resistance steadily plants cultivation alone time water in stable needs.Multi-functional plant cultivation container outer surface or outside framework outer surface add be linked with pneumatic, hydrodynamic(al), the various thrust movement such as electronic device for meeting the needs of the steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator movement.Multi-functional kind cultivation container bottom outer surface or outside framework bottom outer surface is additional is linked with various water-bed stabilising arrangement or the counterweight such as water-bed stabilizer, deep-water resistance stabilising arrangement, for meet the steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator link ocean platform or wind wave resistance steadily plants cultivation alone time water in stable needs.Multi-functional kind cultivation container top outer surface or outside framework outer surface of cupular part are attached with annulus, the various lifting stationary device such as suspension hook, the lifting stationary device that multi-functional kind cultivation container top outer surface or outside framework outer surface of cupular part are attached with adds the lift be linked with on ocean platform makes the steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator float as submarine or dive, multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface or outside framework outer surface are attached with annulus, hook, various multiple multi-functional kind of Cultivation container such as foundation bolt interlinks stationary device or single multi-functional kind of Cultivation container and ground, deck stationary device, for meet the steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator interlink use or used aloned kind cultivation time needs.Multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface top or outside framework external surface top add the rail system device being fixed with and hanging and run various agricultural machinery such as sowing, harvesting, for various agricultural machinery such as suspension and operation sowing, harvesting, fertilisings.Multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface top or outside framework external surface top add the system and device being fixed with regulation and control agricultural machinery, for regulating and controlling the operation height, speed etc. of agricultural machinery.Multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface top or outside framework external surface top periphery are attached with management and make an inspection tour aisle, are convenient to administrative staff and walk above, carry out field management tour, operation.Management is maked an inspection tour aisle bottom outer surface and is added and be fixed with the wave absorption damping material of various high strength such as plastic wire, burlap silk, corrosion-resistant, smooth outer surface, the manufacture of luffa shape material or the bag film that is fixed with various tough, high resilience such as plastics, rubber, corrosion-resistant, smooth outer surface material manufacture.Bag film has charge and discharge vapour-liquid valve, have in bag film proportion be greater than seawater liquid and higher than atmospheric gas, the outer surface of bag film is attached with the various critical transition wave absorption materials such as super hydrophobic material coating.For wave absorption, reduce multi-functional wave dipping and heaving upheaval of planting cultivation container perimeter, in order to avoid affect the stable of multi-functional kind of Cultivation container.When planting cultivation limnobios, wave is prevented to be splashed into by seawater in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container.There is the soil of heterogeneity maybe can replace the Ecology kind cultivation material of various animals and plants plantation such as the chemical substance of natural soils (as: perfluorinated sulfonic acid Nafion etc.) or seawater or fresh water or culture fluid etc., cultivation, for the satisfied different demands of planting cultivation, cultivating limnobios, seawater living, sea water resistance plant in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container.Be attached with the kind cultivation status data of the various data such as the acid-base value of constantly collection Ecology kind cultivation material, temperature, humidity, nutrient and kind material culture survival state, the monitoring of Ecology kind cultivation material status data, display unit in Ecology kind cultivation material in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, for carrying out informationization, precision kind cultivates.Ecology kind cultivation material top in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with sheet metal, cold plate, plastics sail net, catches the device made dew, make water of various forms such as veil account, making multi-functional kind of Cultivation container natural imitation the water transform in air can be become dew, fresh water when carrying out fresh water plantation, irrigating the fresh plant of plantation.In multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, bottom is attached with the airtight aquifer of isolation, plants the seawater needed for cultivating or fresh water for supplying, storing in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container.In multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, bottom is attached with the device of device and the draining had in the airtight aquifer of isolation into water, the device of device into water and draining is had, for supplementing and discharge in the airtight aquifer of isolation or the water level of seawater in airtight aquifer or in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container or fresh water is isolated in the seawater stored in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container or fresh water and adjustment in the aquifer that in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, the isolation that is attached with of bottom is airtight.The device of water level, monitoring water quality, display is attached with, for controlling the data such as water level, water quality with the seawater in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container or fresh water in the airtight aquifer of isolation in the aquifer that the isolation that in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, bottom is attached with is airtight.The capillary evaporation irrigation pipe longitudinally leading directly to Ecology kind cultivation material top in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is had in the aquifer that the isolation that in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, bottom is attached with is airtight.Capillary evaporation irrigation pipe periphery has pore, is beneficial to moisture effusion.Be attached with the capillary materials that end is dipped in the various material such as cotton yarn, flax silk in the airtight aquifer water of isolation in capillary evaporation irrigation pipe, utilize the capillarity of capillary materials to keep the skin wet in the Ecology kind cultivation material in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container.Multi-functional kind of Cultivation container erects wall top and is attached with the mouth of pipe and has the anti-lateral current siphunculus escaping to net, both be beneficial to the exchange of seawater of multi-functional kind of Cultivation container breeding seawater biochron, the water quality making the water body in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container keep good, sufficient dissolved oxygen prevent again the biology cultivated from escaping.Multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with such as: provide nutrient supply, the kind of various form such as supply of forage cultivates auxiliary system and device, multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with such as: black light lamp desinsection, gas desinsection, ultraviolet disinfection, preventing of various form such as Photocatalyst sterilization, to cure the disease the system and device of insect pest, multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with such as: illumination encourages, the system and device of the promotion kind material culture growth of various forms such as sound wave growth encourage, multi-functional kind cultivation container top opening is attached with to be prevented escaping square, prevent the biology cultivated from escaping.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
The steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind cultivation apparatus structure is simple, cheap.Can not limit by limited beach, soil.On the ground or on naval vessel or the steady snorkeling Yu Haiyang of wind wave resistance, in lake, plant cultivation limnobios, seawater living, sea water resistance plant.Solve the difficult problem that dependence and the seawater agriculture of Coastal beach are utilized, sea water resistance plant is cultivated and exploitation as novel crop, break the dependence of traditional farming to light soil and fresh plant, Coastal beach, thus enable ocean be directly used in agricultural production.Development seawater irrigation agriculture is the key subjects of Global Agriculture sustainable development, has broad based growth prospect.A kind of brand-new agricultural Model will worldwide be risen.
Utilizing the steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance in a row multi-functional kind of cultivator plantation mangrove forest, is one marine forest on ordinary days.When typhoon, tsunami come, sink to and marinely effectively can protect coastline.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator
In figure: 1. device 4. buoyancy that in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 2. multi-functional kinds of Cultivation containers, the airtight aquifer 3. of isolation of bottom isolates draining in airtight aquifer is stablized tunable arrangement 5. snorkeling and controlled ballast tank and form 6. water-bed stabilising arrangements or counterweight 7. and manage and make an inspection tour aisle 8. and lift the rail system device 10. that stationary device 9. hung and ran agricultural machinery and isolate device 11. capillary evaporation irrigation pipe 12. capillary materials of intaking in airtight aquifer
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1, enforcement the present invention is further described:
1, with interlink stationary device or single stationary device that multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 outer surface or the outside framework that is enclosed within multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 outer surface are attached with, multiple multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 is interlinked fixing or single multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 is fixed on the ground or be fixed on ship deck.On the water feed apparatus 10 UNICOM naval vessel of the aquifer 2 li that the isolation that multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 li of bottom is attached with is airtight or the middle water supply system of household.The water feed apparatus 10 of the aquifer 2 li that the isolation that drainage arrangement 3 UNICOM's sewer of the aquifer 2 li that the isolation that multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 li of bottom is attached with is airtight or other multiple multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 li of bottoms interlinked of UNICOM are attached with is airtight is opened on naval vessel or the middle water supply system of household, and airtight aquifer 2 back warp of the isolation that middle water is attached with from bottom the multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 longitudinally pore of capillary evaporation irrigation pipe 11 periphery at straight-through multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 li of Ecology kind cultivation material top and top overflows and enters multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 li.The device that the water level that the airtight aquifer 2 li of the isolation be attached with multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 li of bottom is attached with regulates regulates the water level of multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 li, the biology such as the class that just can cultivate fresh water fishes.The soil loading onto heterogeneity in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 maybe can replace the Ecology plantation material of various plantation fresh plants such as the chemical substance of natural soils (as: perfluorinated sulfonic acid Nafion etc.).The device that the water level that the airtight aquifer 2 li of the isolation be attached with multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 li of bottom is attached with regulates regulates the water level of multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 li, just can plant, cultivate the plants such as vegetables.During fresh water plantation, the Ecology plantation material top of multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 li is attached with sheet metal, cold plate, plastics sail net, catches the device made dew, make water of various forms such as veil account, multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 can be wished as in Russia engineer Fred when carrying out fresh water plantation. day, Byrd was on a Crimean mountain top, find that the water transform in air is become dew, fresh water by the same natural imitation of the pyramid form building of 13 bedstones, irrigated the fresh plant of plantation.The water level of the aquifer 2 li that the isolation that the device that the water level that the airtight aquifer 2 li of the isolation be attached with multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 li of bottom is attached with regulates regulates multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 li of bottom to be attached with is airtight.The capillary materials 12 of various material such as cotton yarn, flax silk that capillary evaporation irrigation pipe 11 li of ends that longitudinally straight-through multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 li of Ecology plants material top are dipped in the airtight aquifer water of isolation utilizes capillarity to have pore effusion moisture to keep the skin wet in the Ecology plantation material multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 from capillary evaporation irrigation pipe 11 periphery and is beneficial to plant growth.When multiple multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 interlinks and in a row uses, multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 external surface top or outside framework external surface top add the rail system device 9 being fixed with and hanging and run various agricultural machinery such as sowing, harvesting, can add suspension and run the various agricultural machinery such as sowing, harvesting, fertilising to realize mechanization production.Multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 is attached with such as: provide the system and device that the plantation of various form such as nutrient supply, supply of forage is auxiliary, multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 is attached with such as: the system and device of the preventing of various forms such as black light lamp desinsection, gas desinsection, ultraviolet disinfection, Photocatalyst sterilization, insect pest of curing the disease, multi-functional kind of Cultivation container 1 is attached with such as: the system and device of the promotion plant growth of various forms such as illumination growth encourage, sound wave growth encourage is beneficial to plant health, green, grows fast.
2, the water inlet switch of water feed apparatus in the airtight aquifer of isolation that bottom is attached with is opened in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container.Fixing or the single multi-functional kind of Cultivation container of being interlinked by multiple multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is placed in ocean.Multi-functional kind cultivation container bottom outer surface or outside framework bottom outer surface is additional is linked with various buoyancy and stablizes tunable arrangement, buoyancy is stablized the isometric coupling chain of tunable arrangement or is linked buoyancy aid that on hawser or connecting rod, interval is fixed with or the adjustable buoyancy aid of buoyancy.Various buoyancy aid is distributed in a nautical mile diverse location, different depth jointly for multi-functional kind of Cultivation container provides buoyancy upwards, and the upheaval of single buoyancy aid or submerged body, to overall buoyancy force limited, does not affect the stable of multi-functional kind of Cultivation container.Seawater rolls, the upheaval of dipping and heaving, ocean current one-way flow to being distributed in the direction of a nautical mile diverse location, the single buoyancy aid of different depth and submerged body active force, time, size are different, active force synthesizes mutually, decomposes, offsets, therefore the buoyancy aid of each diverse location, different depth all can not be formed simultaneously and with joint efforts the upheaval of seawater be passed to multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, can only jointly be formed with joint efforts for multi-functional kind of Cultivation container provides steady buoyancy upwards to make multi-functional kind cultivate container top wind wave resistance, steadily emersion sea.Buoyancy stablizes tunable arrangement can also increase and decrease water in the adjustable buoyancy aid of buoyancy weight by inflation/deflation, regulates the buoyancy of buoyancy aid that multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is floated or dive as submarine, wind wave resistance, steadily emersion sea or sink to marine.Or multi-functional cultivation container bottom outer surface or the outside framework bottom outer surface of planting adds the various snorkelings be linked with and controls the weight that ballast tanks control water in ballast tank by inflation/deflation increase and decrease snorkeling and regulate buoyancy to make the steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator float as submarine or dive, for multi-functional kind of Cultivation container provide wind wave resistance, stable, adjustable, the buoyancy of snorkeling can make multi-functional kinds cultivation container top wind wave resistance, steady emersion sea or sink to marine.Or the lifting of ocean platform machine hoist cable that multi-functional kind of Cultivation container adds to be linked with makes multi-functional kind cultivate container top wind wave resistance, steadily emersion sea or sink to marine.The seawater aquifer back warp that the isolation that is attached with of bottom is airtight from multi-functional kind of Cultivation container longitudinally in straight-through multi-functional kind of Cultivation container the pore of the capillary evaporation irrigation pipe periphery at Ecology kind cultivation material top and top overflow and enter in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container.Water body in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container and sea surface level just can cultivating seawater fishes etc. biological.Multi-functional kind of Cultivation container erects the mouth of pipe that wall top is attached with has the anti-lateral current siphunculus escaping to net to make water body energy in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container and exchange of seawater, and the water quality making the water body in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container keep good, sufficient dissolved oxygen prevent again that the seawater fish cultivated etc. is biological escapes.Cover and multi-functionally plant anti-that cultivation container top opening is attached with and escape square, also just can prevent the biologies such as the seawater fish of cultivation from having escaped.The soil loading onto heterogeneity in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container maybe can replace the Ecology plantation material of various plantation sea water resistance plants such as the chemical substance (as: perfluorinated sulfonic acid Nafion etc.) of natural soils.The device that the water level be attached with in the aquifer that the isolation be attached with bottom in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is airtight regulates regulates the water level in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, just can imitate beach, saline land, plant, cultivate the sea water resistance such as mangrove forest, sea water vegetable plant.The management that administrative staff can be attached with at multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface top or outside framework external surface top periphery is maked an inspection tour above aisle and is walked, and carries out field management tour, operation.Management is maked an inspection tour aisle bottom outer surface and is added the wave absorption damping material or the multi-functional wave dipping and heaving upheaval of planting cultivation container perimeter of critical transition wave absorption material minimizing that are fixed with, promotes the wind wave resistance of multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, stationary performance.When planting cultivation limnobios, wave is prevented again to be splashed into by seawater in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container.Multi-functional cultivation container bottom outer surface or the outside framework bottom outer surface of planting is regulated to add the various buoyancy be linked with and stablize the buoyancy of tunable arrangement or multi-functional kind cultivation container bottom outer surface or outside framework bottom outer surface and add the lift hoist cable that the various snorkelings be linked with control the ocean platform that the buoyancy of ballast tanks or multi-functional kind of Cultivation container add to be linked with and make multi-functional kinds cultivate container top wind wave resistance, steady emersion sea or sink to marine.Utilizing the mangrove forest of the steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance in a row multi-functional kind of cultivator plantation, is one marine forest on ordinary days.When typhoon, tsunami come, sink to and marinely effectively can protect coastline.When multiple multi-functional kind of Cultivation container interlinks and in a row uses, multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface top or outside framework external surface top add the rail system device being fixed with and hanging and run various agricultural machinery such as sowing, harvesting, can add the various agricultural machinery such as suspension and operation sowing, harvesting, fertilising and realizing mechanization production.Multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with such as: the system and device of the promotion plant growth of various forms such as illumination growth encourage, sound wave growth encourage is beneficial to weed health, green, grows fast.

Claims (1)

1. the steady snorkeling of Marine agriculture wind wave resistance multi-functional kind of cultivator, by multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, buoyancy stablizes tunable arrangement or snorkeling controls ballast tank formation, it is characterized in that: described multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with outside framework, multi-functional kind cultivation container bottom outer surface or outside framework bottom outer surface is additional is linked with buoyancy and stablizes tunable arrangement, the buoyancy aid that buoyancy stablizes tunable arrangement is attached with the device of wave absorption stability float, or multi-functional kind cultivates container bottom outer surface or the additional snorkeling that is linked with of outside framework bottom outer surface controls ballast tank, multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface or outside framework outer surface add the device being linked with thrust movement, multi-functional kind cultivation container bottom outer surface or outside framework bottom outer surface add and are linked with water-bed stabilising arrangement or counterweight, multi-functional kind cultivation container top outer surface or outside framework outer surface of cupular part are attached with lifting stationary device, the lifting stationary device that multi-functional kind cultivation container top outer surface or outside framework outer surface of cupular part are attached with is additional is linked with ocean platform, multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface or outside framework outer surface are attached with interlink stationary device or single stationary device, multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface top or outside framework external surface top add the rail system device being fixed with and hanging and run agricultural machinery, multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface top or outside framework external surface top add the system and device being fixed with regulation and control agricultural machinery, multi-functional kind cultivation container outer surface top or outside framework external surface top periphery are attached with management and make an inspection tour aisle, management is maked an inspection tour aisle bottom outer surface and is attached with wave absorption damping material or critical transition wave absorption material, Ecology kind is had to cultivate material in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, kind of a cultivation status data is attached with in Ecology kind cultivation material in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, the monitoring of Ecology kind cultivation material status data, display unit, Ecology kind cultivation material top in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with makes dew, make the device of water, in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, bottom is attached with the airtight aquifer of isolation, the device of device into water and draining is had in the aquifer that in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, the isolation that is attached with of bottom is airtight, the device that water level regulates is attached with in the aquifer that the isolation that in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, bottom is attached with is airtight, water level is attached with in the aquifer that the isolation that in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, bottom is attached with is airtight, monitoring water quality, the device of display, the capillary evaporation irrigation pipe longitudinally leading directly to Ecology kind cultivation material top in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is had in the aquifer that the isolation that in multi-functional kind of Cultivation container, bottom is attached with is airtight, capillary evaporation irrigation pipe periphery has pore, be attached with end in capillary evaporation irrigation pipe and be dipped in the capillary materials of isolating in airtight aquifer water, multi-functional kind of Cultivation container erects wall top and is attached with the mouth of pipe and has the anti-lateral current siphunculus escaping to net, multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with kind of the system and device that cultivation is auxiliary, multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with anti-, to cure the disease the system and device of insect pest, multi-functional kind of Cultivation container is attached with and promotes kind of a system and device for material culture growth, multi-functional kind cultivation container top opening is attached with to be prevented escaping square.
CN201410160357.6A 2014-04-17 2014-04-17 Marine agricultural anti-wave and stable submerged multi-functional planting and culturing apparatus Pending CN105010172A (en)

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CN108207607A (en) * 2018-03-02 2018-06-29 马丽萍 Ecology sea agricultural planting system
CN112005940B (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-01-29 山东省海洋资源与环境研究院(山东省海洋环境监测中心、山东省水产品质量检验中心) Marine ranching multifunctional platform with float raft type culture device
CN112701994A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-23 天津大学 Ocean resource three-dimensional development structure based on wind, light and fish complementation
CN113508771A (en) * 2021-04-12 2021-10-19 中交海洋建设开发有限公司 Deep sea aquaculture net cage ballast tilt adjusting system
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CN108207607A (en) * 2018-03-02 2018-06-29 马丽萍 Ecology sea agricultural planting system
CN113525613A (en) * 2020-04-13 2021-10-22 朱剑文 Multifunctional stable floating body for seed culture
CN112005940B (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-01-29 山东省海洋资源与环境研究院(山东省海洋环境监测中心、山东省水产品质量检验中心) Marine ranching multifunctional platform with float raft type culture device
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CN113508771A (en) * 2021-04-12 2021-10-19 中交海洋建设开发有限公司 Deep sea aquaculture net cage ballast tilt adjusting system

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Application publication date: 20151104