CN104855310B - Acrossocheilus fasciatus simulated ecological factory large scale breeding and domestication method - Google Patents

Acrossocheilus fasciatus simulated ecological factory large scale breeding and domestication method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104855310B
CN104855310B CN201510223758.6A CN201510223758A CN104855310B CN 104855310 B CN104855310 B CN 104855310B CN 201510223758 A CN201510223758 A CN 201510223758A CN 104855310 B CN104855310 B CN 104855310B
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pond
fish
train
spawning
water
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CN104855310A (en
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彭锴
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LONGNAN SOURCE RUNNING WATER ECOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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LONGNAN SOURCE RUNNING WATER ECOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • A01K61/17Hatching, e.g. incubators
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/045Filters for aquaria
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to the special aquatic product culture technology field, particularly an acrossocheilus fasciatus simulated ecological factory large scale breeding and domestication method. The method comprises the following steps: build an acrossocheilus fasciatus breeding water quality regulation and control pool-build an acrossocheilus fasciatus parent cultivation, oviposition and adult fish domestication pond-build an acrossocheilus fasciatus hatching and fry cultivation culture pond-build an acrossocheilus fasciatus ovarian follicle hatching sieve-make the access to water source-disinfect the acrossocheilus fasciatus parent cultivation, oviposition and adult fish domestication pond-adjust the water level of the acrossocheilus fasciatus parent cultivation, oviposition and adult fish domestication pond-select the parents-oviposition of the parents-ovarian follicle collection-ovarian follicle hatching-fry cultivation-adult fish culture-disease prevention in culture stage. The pure excellent water is used in the whole process. The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows: the sexual gland of the parents grows well because of ecological cultivation; the amount of nature oviposition is huge with big granule and good quality; because of suspension hatching, the outside is dynamic and the inside is static, and the oxygen is enough; the cultivation of the fry in the culture pool is enhanced; the adult fish grows fast because of abundant bait; and similar wild quality is provided because of being similar to nature environment.

Description

A kind of smooth lip fish Ecology plant layout breeds domesticating method
Technical field
The present invention relates to special aquaculture technical field, especially a kind of smooth lip fish Ecology plant layout is bred tame and docile Foster method.
Background technology
Light lip fish, is commonly called as cabrilla, Luo Siyu, is under the jurisdiction of Cyprinidae, and light lip fish belongs to.It is distributed mainly on Zhejiang, Jiangsu, river The ground such as west, Fujian, Yunnan and Taiwan, are a kind of distribution and its extensive small fishes.Under natural conditions, light lip fish perches Yushan Hill Ravine streams and the middle and upper reaches of the little Jiang little He in Hills, to scrape in drinking water the algae such as lichen for food, also insecticide in eating water, It is a kind of ominivore-fish.The few meat tenderness of light hemibarbus labeo, delicious flavour, nutritious, suitably multiple methods are cooked, and former is people from mountain area One traditional famous dish, the now deep pro-gaze being subject to the high, medium and low layer consumer group with dote on, the market demand is especially huge.Light lip fish Belong to benthic fisheses, there is the effect purifying water, can be used as recreational fishing, Shui nationality fancy fishes kind in family.Due to River water source environment is destroyed by various factors and is affected in recent years, and artificial excessively capturing, and light lip fish natural resourcess are fast Speed reduces decline, a kind of originally common common fish in market, and now rare to see, valency is high less to come across also amount, existing market Valency has reached 80 yuan/more than kg.Light lip fish is suitable for reservoir, streams, river course and pond on a hill cultivation, is mountain area and upper level peasant builds up a family fortune cause The prompt Jing of rich one, carries out protection of resources and the stock enhancement of light lip fish, and rational exploitation and utilization light lip fish resource, and seemed phase When urgently important.The artificial plant layout only greatly developing light lip fish is bred and is raised and train, and protects in development, and sends out in protection Exhibition, the consumption demand that people could be met and the needs improving environment.
At present, all carried out study on reproduction and the cultivation of light lip fish in provinces such as Zhejiang, Fujian, Yunnan, achieved Technical breakthrough, but on the whole, to the growing environment of light lip fish, ingests nutritional need and Reproduction Conditions are not also slapped completely Hold, breed domestication techniques full maturity not enough, most light lip fish culture families are substantially by fishing for limited wild fish now Seedling, to solve the problems, such as seed, broadly falls into cultivation on a small scale.The magazine such as " Chinese Fishery " and " aquaculture " has been reported and has been composed of pass Light lip fish breeds the test article raised and train, but test method itself yet has much scarce limits, and has one what is common is that By injection medicine or by oral drugs, light lip fish parent is hastened parturition.Compared with multiple Fish such as four large Chinese carps, The nutritional need of light lip fish gonad development, environmental condition have its exclusive characteristic, and the ovum grain of light lip fish is relatively large in diameter, contained Yolk is also more, and ovum grain is poisonous, using traditional induced spawning method although a number of ovum grain can be obtained, but ovum whether melon The ripe base of a fruit is shaved one's head to educate and is difficult to judge to adult, leads to of poor quality, the parent's mortality rate height laid eggs, rate of fertilization, incubation rate, fish Shoot survival percent is all relatively low, and fry growth speed is also affected.The baby of premature labor is difficult to be supported, and is notorious reason.
Bait abundance directly affects gonad development, flesh of fish quality and the survival rate of light lip fish.At present, artificial breeding raises and train light Lip fish, great majority are to feed artifical compound feed, relatively costly, and meat taste has larger difference compared with wild, more reach not To the nutritional need of parent's gonad development, impact breeding.
In a word, current breeding of light lip fish raises and train the success not obtaining plant layout, is exactly mainly to wild smooth lip The survival environmental conditions of fish, ingest nutritional need and reproductive habit is not grasped completely.Artificial breeding raises and train light lip at this stage Fish is exactly to drag for wild fry to raise and train the pattern with " artificial induced spawning, induced spawning " substantially.
Content of the invention
Raise and train for overcoming the shortcomings of that existing smooth lip fish breeds, the present invention provides a kind of cultivation water pure pollution-free, controlled Flow, water consumption is few, can increase and reduce water temperature, the cultivation water source device of natural, ecological without power supply;The cultivation of parent and The breeding process of finished product fish feeds pure natural bait, does not feed artifical compound feed;Parent's natural spawning, does not use injection or mouth Medication thing is hastened parturition;The plant layout cultivating pool raised and train using same model of parent culture, spawning and finished product fish;Light lip The follicle of fish is collected in a kind of hatching sieve hatches;The cultivation of the hatching of light lip fish and fry is only using same industrialized culture Pond;The plant layout that the cultivation overall process of light lip fish is in natural bionic state state breeds domesticating method, that is, " biological breeding, Natural spawning ", " man of wild origin is wild " is changed into " family plants domestic ".
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of smooth lip fish Ecology plant layout is bred Domesticating method, including the construction of light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond (cn203709062u), light lip fish parent culture, spawning with become Product fish raises and train the construction of the construction in pond, the hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing culturing pool (cn203709069u), light lip fish roe bubble Hatching sieve is built, light lip fish Ecology plant layout is bred and raised and train, and cultivation flow process is:
Build light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond and build light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raise and train pond and build The hatching of light lip fish is built light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve with fry rearing culturing pool and is connected water source light lip fish parent training Educate, lay eggs and finished product fish raises and train that pond disinfection adjusts light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train pond water Position Juvenile stage parent culture parent spawning follicle collects follicle hatching fry training It is bred as the prevention of damage by disease that fish culture cultivates the phase.
After First Year September light lip fish stops spawning substantially, Selection parent separately cultivates Second Year to parent's male and female June to August parent's spawning and hatching goes out fry Second Year June for 2 days to 4 days in March, the 3rd fry rearing In April, 3 breeds fish fry in batches and starts to list to the pond above adult fish of in June, the 4th part 50g.Parent is laid eggs to adult fish Market periods are 2 years.
(1) construction in the light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond described in:
It is made up of subterranean tunnel formula pond, filtering ponds, insulation soil layer, single flow ultraviolet sterilizer;
The tail end in described subterranean tunnel formula pond arranges a vertical water inlet pipe, the bottom of subterranean tunnel formula pond outer end Being supported with filtering ponds at the bottom of pond by filter layer is disjunctor;
Described filtering ponds include upper and lower two parts, and top is divided into filter layer, and bottom is divided into reservoir bed;
Described insulation soil layer is piled up in above subterranean tunnel formula pond, and single flow ultraviolet sterilizer is connected to outlet pipe On;
A kind of smooth lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond described above, tunnel type pond pond face is descended in filtering ponds pond face above Ground, Filtering ponds pond face setting manhole and manhole seal cover board, subterranean tunnel formula pond pond face is also equipped with manhole and manhole Seal cover board;
Upper part filter layer arranges drilled base plate, arranges cobblestone filter layer, on cobblestone filter layer above drilled base plate Side's setting charcoal filtering layer, arranges rough sand filter layer above charcoal filtering layer, husky filter layer in arranging above rough sand filter layer, in Setting cobblestone pressure sand bed above husky filter layer, arranges an outlet pipe and a backwashed filtering layer water inlet above cobblestone pressure sand bed Pipe;
Lower part reservoir bed at the bottom of pond is provided with heavy dirt pond in the outer part in pool wall, and heavy dirt pond at the bottom of pond is provided with blow-off pipe.
(2) the light lip fish hatching described in and the construction of fry rearing culturing pool:
By cuboid pond, profundal zone, phytal zone, phytal zone, up and down food platform ramp, food platform, cave, Chen Wu area, can Adjust angle feed cock, eaves, elbow, band filter screen blow-off pipe are formed;
Described cuboid pond top is a rectangular shape, and bottom is You Yichenwu area in the middle of pot shape shape, pot shape;
There is phytal zone at two, profundal zone and a Chu Chenwu area at one in cuboid pond;Two phytal zones are respectively in pond pond Bottom the right and left, is profundal zone in the middle of two phytal zones, and the center of profundal zone is Chen Wu area;
Cuboid pond right corner has a food platform, by the right pool wall in rectangle pond have one upper and lower food platform ramp, food platform and Upper and lower food platform ramp forms a cave with cuboid pond You Chi angle;
There is down eaves above the surrounding pool wall of cuboid pond, an adjustable-angle feed cock is had on the side of eaves;
A kind of smooth lip fish hatching described above and fry rearing culturing pool it is characterised in that: profundal zone is cone cylinder body shape Shape, Rotary-table upper bottom surface diameter length is at the bottom of pond width;
A kind of smooth lip fish hatching described above and fry rearing culturing pool it is characterised in that: in Chen Wu area, part one is Cylindrical shape, its underpart is a Rotary-table shape, and Rotary-table bottom surface has a band filter screen blow-off pipe, carries filter screen blowdown Gutron To outside cuboid pond, band filter screen blow-off pipe have an adjustable-angle elbow for adjust control cuboid pond in water level height Degree.
It is characterized in that:
(3) construction of the light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve described in:
By wooden structures cuboid framework, 80 mesh plastics mesh screen bottoms, 3cm thickness high-density foam plate composition;
80 mesh plastics mesh screen bottoms are fixed on wooden structures cuboid framework bottom surface, and 3cm thickness high-density foam plate is fixed on wood Matter structure cuboid framework four side, the 3cm thickness high-density foam plate that four sides are fixed is shorter in length than wooden structures cuboid framework Four edge lengths, four while fixed 3cm thickness high-density foam plate hight degree be wooden structures cuboid framework four while height 1/3, incubate Changing sieve and putting into has 1/3 flat to be suspended in the water surface in water.
(4) the light lip fish parent culture described in, spawning and finished product fish raise and train the construction in pond:
Pond is raised and train by cuboid shale, water inlet pipe, stiling basin, laying nest, solar energy insect-trapping lamp form.
It is flat that described cuboid shale raises and train pond at the bottom of pond, raises and train pond at the bottom of pond layer overlay grit in cuboid shale, Grit layer puts mussel, river in a suitable place to breed by the 4 plants/m density plantation black algae of equivalent amount, waterweed, water caltrop submerged plant and every mu of water surface Clam, Corbicula fluminea and stone spiral shell 2 kg of water epifauna, separately press 0.5/m density to place bore in grit layer is φ 10cm to save up Mao bamboo tube.
Described water inlet pipe, is arranged at cuboid shale and raises and train above the pool wall of the long side in pond, raise and train pond width from cuboid shale Side pool wall 2m 3m, raises and train 45 DEG C of pond inclined bottom surface to cuboid shale simultaneously, forms 45 DEG C of angles with broadside pool wall.
Described laying nest, is arranged at the cuboid shale from water inlet pipe 2m 3m and raises and train the other 1.5m 2m of pond broadside Place, is made up of cuboid shale spawning pond, sandy bed course, plastics mesh screen, palm-bark rain cape bed course, inlet channel, exhalent canal and sunshade.
Described cuboid shale spawning pond at the bottom of pond lays one layer of sand, forms sandy bottom surface, and cuboid shale spawning pond is sandy Bottom surface and cuboid shale raise and train pond grit base area ratio for 1:10, and the sandy bottom surface of cuboid shale spawning pond is higher than cuboid Shale raises and train pond grit bottom surface 1m.In the sandy bottom surface of cuboid shale spawning pond and one layer of 80 mesh plastics mesh screen of pool wall paving, Bedding palm-bark rain cape above plastics mesh screen, bedding area reaches the 1/5 of cuboid shale spawning pond floor space.Cuboid shale spawning pond Raise and train pond two long edge position setting one inlet channel by cuboid shale and an exhalent canal is raised and train pond with cuboid shale and is connected, water inlet Ditch is equal with the sandy at the bottom of pond face of cuboid shale spawning pond with exhalent canal bottom of trench, and two furrow widths are all 1m.
Described sunshade, is arranged at the top of cuboid shale spawning pond.
Described solar energy Lamp for attracting and killing insects, is arranged on cuboid shale and raises and train above arbitrary pool wall in pond, and make the worm of trapping Physical ability is fallen into cuboid shale completely and is raised and train water face.
Described stiling basin, is arranged at inlet channel opposite cuboid shale and raises and train the arbitrary corner in pond, stiling basin skewed culvert pipe is arranged Four water lev el control holes, cuboid shale is raised and train water bit depth and is can be controlled in 0m 2m.
(5) described smooth lip fish Ecology plant layout is bred and is raised and train, and cultivation step is as follows:
Step 1 smooth lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond is built;
Step 2 smooth lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train pond construction;
The hatching of step 3 smooth lip fish and fry rearing culturing pool are built;
Step 4 smooth lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve is built;
Step 5 connects water source: connection light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond and light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product Fish raises and train pond and the hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing culturing pool water source;
Step 6 smooth lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train pond disinfection: according to the quick lime of 100 grams/m With pond volume fraction concentration, calculogenesis being ashed into after lime water splashes raises and train to light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish In pond, change clear water into after one week stand-by;
Step 7 adjusts light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raises and train pond water level: by water inlet pipe and the power that disappears Light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish are raised and train pond water level depth and adjust to 1.2m 1.5m position by pond;
Step 8 Juvenile stage: at the beginning of First Year September, select 2 more than the age, more than whose body weight 50g, reach maturity, No sick and wounded light lip fish parent, by the density of 18 tails/m 22 tails/m, female, male parent is placed individually into different light lip fishes Parent culture, spawning and finished product fish are raised and train in pond and cultivate;
Step 9 parent culture: First Year September first arrival Second Year is the nurturing period of parent by the end of May, the time is 9 months.
Adjust the discharge of water inlet pipe, so that the water inlet that light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish are raised and train in pond is produced The underwater sound and formation swift running water, water transparency reaches 40cm 50cm;
Unlatching is arranged on light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raises and train the solar energy Lamp for attracting and killing insects on the pool wall of pond;
Daily light lip fish parent light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish being raised and train in pond feeds rice sugar or wheat Bran, the morning, afternoon respectively feed once, and each feeding volume is 2% the 4% of fish body gross weight.Press weekly the 1% of fish body gross weight Increase and feed a tenebrio molitor or Lumbricuss;
As light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish are raised and train, to plant black algae, chlorella, waterweed and water caltrop in pond close Originally eat up half, then need weekly to salvage from elsewhere and supplement it is ensured that light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train the beginning in pond There is the presence of submerged plant eventually.
Every month raises and train pond waters with quick lime and carries out disinfection purification one to light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish Secondary, concentration is 25 grams/m;
The overall process cultivated is all with 200 grams of Galla Chinensiss, 250 grams of Herba Houttuyniae, 150 grams of Herba Andrographis, 100 grams of Herba Taraxaci, stone Chang 300 grams of Pu, 200 grams of Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei, 200 grams of Cortex Phellodendri, 200 gram of eight taste Chinese herbal medicine of Folium Isatidiss make medicated bag, hang on light lip fish parent training Educate, lay eggs and finished product fish is raised and train at the water inlet of pond, pre- disease prevention and sterilization, change once every month.
Step 10 parent is laid eggs: tames and dociles at the beginning of 6 months of Second Year, salvaging light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish Parent in foster pond, breeds parent in the ratio compatibility of female, male 1:1.2.Breed the edible salt water that parent is with 3% by choose Put into stand-by light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish after soaking sterilization in 10 minutes and raise and train in pond, breeding density controls 18 tails/m 22 tails/m.
Feeding of parent is carried out by step 9 with breeding water management;
Start within 3rd day just have a large amount of parents to enter laying nest spawning, ovum great majority produce on palm-bark rain cape, also have a small amount of producing On mesh screen.Because cuboid shale is raised and train, water level in pond is too deep, and little parent can raise and train spawning in pond in cuboid shale;
The June first arrival of Second Year is the main egg-laying season of light lip fish by the end of August, and June to July is the peak egg-laying season;
Above female light lip fish parent's spawning rate reaches more than 75%, and eggs on average amount reaches more than 450/tail, rate of fertilization Reach more than 80%;
Step 11 follicle is collected: daily after the light lip fish roe bubble in laying nest loses viscosity, gently receives follicle Collection gets up to move in light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve;
Step 12 follicle is hatched: is treated with the hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing cultivation with the lime water that concentration is 3% Chi Quanchi is splashed, and rinses well within second day;
Shallow water position in the hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing culturing pool is adjusted to more than 30cm, discharge is adjusted to make Chi Zhongshui Stream can slowly rotate;
The light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve that will be equipped with follicle is put in the stand-by hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing culturing pool, light Lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve 1/3 is highly flat to be suspended in the water surface and slowly moves with water.
Incubation surface density is 15000/m of 10000/m, and hatching water temperature is 20 DEG C 25 DEG C, during hatching Between be 2 days 4 days, incubation rate reaches more than 73%;
Step 13 fry rearing: be lying in after prelarva incubation of membrane in light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve, through 3 days 4 days The flat trip phase, the 7th day prelarva yolk disappears, and starts ectotrophic of ingesting, and enters the breeding phase of fry.From fry hatching membrane To going out pond and put in a suitable place to breed need to cultivate 10 months, survival rate to more than 84%.
Fry hatching membrane cultivates a cable table to going out pond
Step 14 adult fish culture: through the fry of several months reinforced cultivatings, specification has reached 80 tails/kg 100 tails/kg proceeds to light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raises and train pond and put in a suitable place to breed, and breeding density is 25 tails/m.Adult fish Plastic wire in laying nest and palm-bark rain cape can be removed by cultivation, and the shallow water that laying nest becomes fry perches area and bait throwing in area.Adult fish Aquaculture management is carried out according to the operational approach of step 6, step 7, step 9.Adult fish cultivates through the Ecology of 14 months, averagely individual Body weight reaches more than 50g, survival rate to more than 75%, drag for stay greatly little, start list.
Above method step is summarized as follows:
Build light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond and build light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raise and train pond and build The hatching of light lip fish is built light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve with fry rearing culturing pool and is connected water source light lip fish parent training Educate, lay eggs and finished product fish raises and train that pond disinfection adjusts light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train pond water Position Juvenile stage parent culture parent spawning follicle collects follicle hatching fry training It is bred as the prevention of damage by disease that fish culture cultivates the phase.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
First, the cultivation of light lip fish whether success, first have to solve is the pollution-free problem in water source, " fish gives birth to because of water, water because Fish and live ".The breeding water of existing smooth lip fish, mainly relies on water inlet setting filter screen or Filter-screen bag to carry out extensive letter to water source Single-filtering is processed, can only branch leaveves in filtered water inlet source, larger particles silt and larger fish and shrimp impurity, and thin in water source Little silt, fish and shrimp ovum grain and antibacterial then cannot filter out completely.Meet flash flood, cultivation water source is muddy, and bacterial content is high, has Evil material is especially many, leads to sickness rate in the breeding process of light lip fish high, or even is annihilated.In addition, light lip fish culture facility In if there are other fish and shrimp aquatic animals enter, can nibble light lip fish roe bubble and fry, also can increase water body Mesichthyes density, Rob oxygen and rob food, breeding of light lip fish of impact is raised and train.
Because light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond has precipitation defecator, meet flash flood, light lip fish culture water quality The water source peace and quiet free from admixture in the same old way of regulation and control pond supply.The water quality in light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond is affected by ground temperature, and the winter warms up Xia Liang, extends the optimal temperature of cultivation trophophase of light lip fish, can improve the speed of growth.Light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond is arranged There is single flow sterilizer, can kill in case of when noxious bacteria is exceeded in water quality, opened sterilizer, reduce light lip fish culture and incubate Courses of infection in change, improves survival rate.Parent's culture of the present invention, follicle hatching, fry rearing and adult fish culture overall process With water, all supplied by light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond, again defecator need not be set in water inlet, can ensure that round-the-clock supporting Grow pure pollution-free with water, indices meet Fish-water Fish Farming water national standard, be also advantageous over light lip fish life in nature Water matter;
2nd, the present invention is used for the pond that light lip fish parent culture, spawning and adult fish culture use same configuration, can be with rotation Use, decrease light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raise and train pond quantity;
Cuboid shale is raised and train at the bottom of pond layer and is laid one layer of gravel, carries out and has built shale bottom, has both complied with light lip fish and inhabited For high-density breeding light lip fish, the existence habit of chad bottom, ensure that light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish are raised and train again Pond bottom water quality is limpid;
Cuboid shale is raised and train at the bottom of pond layer rational density and is planted black algae, waterweed, water caltrop submerged plant, both increased light lip Fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train the oxygen content in pond waters, have purified light lip fish parent culture, spawning again and have become Product fish raises and train pond water quality, and also supplement enriches light lip fish and ingests bait;
Cuboid shale is raised and train at the bottom of pond layer rational density and is put mussel, river clam, Corbicula fluminea and stone spiral shell in a suitable place to breed, can remove light lip fish Excreta and residual bait, purify water, and also can increase certain additional income;
Cuboid shale is raised and train at the bottom of pond layer and is placed and no saves Mao bamboo tube, had both complied with the happiness of light lip fish photophobia and has perched and be hidden in cave Habit, provide adhering medium for chlorella growth again;
Water inlet pipe raises and train 45 DEG C of pond inclined bottom surface to cuboid shale, and water inlet gravity can be relied on to raise and train pond in cuboid shale Form the underwater sound and torrent, complied with the habit that light lip fish likes existence in nature torrent and the underwater sound, stimulate light lip fish gonad development With ovary maturity;
The setting of stiling basin, can adjust light lip fish parent training according to the change of the continuous growth of fry and season temperature Educating, laying eggs and finished product fish raises and train pond water level depth, thus change light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raising and train in pond Water temperature height, extend the optimal temperature of cultivation time limit.Stiling basin also discharges water and clears up light lip fish parent culture, spawning and become simultaneously Product fish raises and train the effect of bottom material of pond for breeding dirt;
Laying nest is built cuboid shale in and is raised and train pond side, and water inlet pipe and cuboid shale are raised and train pond broadside pool wall and formed 45 DEG C angle, thus it is possible to vary the direction of water inlet torrent, makes to be further separated into laying nest into water torrent, shape in cuboid shale spawning pond Become miniflow water, stimulate induction light lip fish spawning;
Laying nest cuboid shale spawning pond bottom laying sand bed, mesh screen, palm-bark rain cape, are in sand bed according to nature light lip fish The environmental characteristic of shelter spawning and the feature setting of the light lip fish roe bubble weak viscosity of tool.
Cuboid shale spawning pond bottom surface exceeds cuboid shale and raises and train at the bottom of pond face 1m, water level in cuboid shale spawning pond Belong to shallow water position, be adapted to the feature that light lip fish lays eggs in miniflow water shallow water position, also allow for collecting the operation of follicle simultaneously.
Above laying nest, sunshade is set, prevents sunlight that the water body in cuboid shale spawning pond is exposed to the sun and cause water temperature liter Height, invades food prevented also from flying bird to the light lip fish in cuboid shale spawning pond and follicle simultaneously;
In a word, light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train the setting in pond, define a more complete life Thing ecological chain, has substantially met the ecological environment demand of light lip fish growth reproduction.
3rd, in the hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing culturing pool the slow rotation of current and cultivated animals in pond travelling, can The dirt such as residual bait, feces, silt in pond is brought in Chen Wu area substantially and discharges the hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing cultivation with current Outside pond.Adjustment water (flow) direction and increased water flow amount can make dirt thoroughly cleaning in pond clean, not only facilitated operation but also saved people Work wash pool cost, also reduces the emergency reaction of pond life, it is to avoid in existing aquaculture model wash pool work the most loaded down with trivial details and The damage most frequent to cultivated animals;
It is provided with profundal zone in the hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing culturing pool, increased the cubical content of water body in pond, can play Certain thermostatic effect, is the hatching of light lip fish roe bubble and the cultivation of fry reduces emergency reaction, improves incubation rate and survival rate. It is provided with phytal zone and profundal zone in pond, the water level depth has cause, be that light lip fish fry growth develops the adaptation space providing selection, Comply with its habit, improve survival rate, the wild smooth lip fish of the bodily form, colour of skin convergence;
The bubble hatching of light lip fish roe is carried out in same smooth lip fish hatching and fry rearing culturing pool to fry rearing, different In existing smooth lip fish culture pattern, follicle hatching and fry rearing need to be carried out in different ponds, decrease the number in pond, keep away During having exempted to turn pond, water temperature changes the damage to fry for the emergency reaction and external force brought.Simultaneously in the hatching of light lip fish and fry Cultivate fry rearing density in culturing pool easy to control, fry growth speed is soon, individual uniform;
4th, the hatching of existing smooth lip fish roe bubble, follicle is typically sunken to hatching pool device bottom surface, the size of Spawning water amount and The more difficult control of flowing velocity, easily causes the necrosis of caused by anoxia follicle.The present invention is suspended in highly flat for light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve 1/3 The hatching of light lip fish and the fry rearing culturing pool water surface, move with sluggish flow in pond, and light lip fish roe bubble is relatively steady in sieve Fixed, motion in quiescence, disorder of internal organs has quiet, meets the oxygen supply demand of follicle hatching, makes follicle normal development, copied out in nature The environmental condition of light lip fish roe bubble hatching in slow flowing water, improves incubation rate;Light lip fish roe bubble is concentrated on light lip fish roe bubble Hatch in hatching sieve, be not only easy to the centralized management in hatching process, and be also convenient for the shallow water that firm incubation of membrane prelarva perches Position controls and observes prelarva ingests growing state;
5th, raise and train pond pool wall solar energy installed above Lamp for attracting and killing insects in cuboid shale, flight class insecticide can be trapped and killed every night Fall into cuboid shale for 1000 grams to 1500 grams and raise and train water face, both killed the insect of farming site periphery, be light lip fish again Cultivation provide nutritious bait;
6th, from light lip fish parent culture, larvae cultivation, postlarva is cultivated, juvenile fish cultivates adult fish culture whole process, owns Bait is all using easy acquisition, economical and practical pure natural bait.Bait enriches, and comprehensive nutrition has fully met light lip fish and existed Feeding habit in nature condition and nutritional need, without manual injection or oral drugs, just can make light lip fish gonad development Ripe, spawning rate is high, egg laying amount is big, incubation rate is high, survival rate is high, wild in fast growth, and quality access expansion circle Light lip fish.
7th, sterilization and disease prevention use Sal, quick lime and herbal mediciment, do not have drug residue in light lip fish body.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are summarized as follows:
Whole process uses pure fine water;
Ecological culture parent's gonad development;
Many of natural spawning amount is of fine quality greatly;
The outer dynamic interior quiet oxygen foot of the hatching that suspends;
Fry reinforced cultivating in culturing pool;
It is quick that bait enriches adult fish growth;
Comply with the nature approximately wild quality.
The present invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond of the present invention main cross section structure diagram;
Fig. 2 is that light lip fish parent culture of the present invention, spawning and finished product fish raise and train pond overlooking the structure diagram;
Fig. 3 is that light lip fish parent culture of the present invention, spawning and finished product fish raise and train pond main cross section structure diagram;
Fig. 4 is light lip fish hatching of the present invention and fry rearing culturing pool overlooking the structure diagram;
Fig. 5 is light lip fish hatching of the present invention and fry rearing culturing pool main cross section structure diagram;
Fig. 6 is light lip fish hatching of the present invention and the left cross section structure diagram of fry rearing culturing pool;
Fig. 7 is present invention regulation and control pond and pond and culturing pool attachment structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
In Fig. 1,1. subterranean tunnel formula pond, 2. filtering ponds, 3. insulation soil layer, 4. single flow ultraviolet sterilizer, 5. Lower tunnel type pond manhole, 6. filtering ponds manhole, 7. seal cover board, 8. seal cover board, 9. outlet pipe, 10. intake Pipe, 11. filter layers, 12. reservoir beds, 13. band filtering ponds bottom hole plates, 14. cobblestone filter layers, 15. charcoal filtering layers, 16. is thick Husky filter layer, husky filter layer in 17., 18. cobblestone pressure sand beds, 19. backwashed filtering layer water inlet pipes, 20. heavy dirt ponds, 21. rows Dirty pipe, 22. broken lines, represent and extend, 23. filter layers support.
In Fig. 2 Fig. 3,24. cuboid shales raise and train pond, 25. laying nests, 26. cuboid shale spawning ponds, and 27. too Sun energy Lamp for attracting and killing insects, 28. sunshades, 29. water inlet pipes, 30. inlet channels, 31. exhalent canals, 32. stiling basins, 33. submerged plants, 34. water epifaunas, 35. thick bamboo tubes, 36. grit layers, 37. rice-pudding clothing, 38. mesh screens, 39. sandy layers, 40. dirt beds.
In Fig. 4 Fig. 6,41. cuboid ponds, 42. profundal zones, 43. phytal zones, 44. phytal zones, about 45. Food platform ramp, 46. food platforms, 47. caves, 48. Chen Wu areas, 49. band filter screen blow-off pipes, 50. adjustable-angle feed cocks, 51. Eaves, 52. elbows.
In Fig. 8,53. smooth lip fish roe bubble hatching sieves, 54. smooth lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve wooden structures frames, 55.80 mesh are moulded Material net light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve bottom, 56.3cm thickness high-density foam plate.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment one
Referring to Fig. 1 Fig. 8, the present invention breeds domesticating method, including light for a kind of smooth lip fish Ecology plant layout The construction in lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond, light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train the construction in pond, the hatching of light lip fish Construction with fry rearing culturing pool, light lip fish Ecology plant layout are bred and are raised and train.
Cultivation flow process be: build light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond build light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish tame and docile Foster pond build light lip fish hatching and fry rearing culturing pool build light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve connect water source Light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish are raised and train pond disinfection regulation light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and tame and docile Foster pond water level Juvenile stage parent culture parent spawning follicle collects follicle hatching fish Seedling cultivates the prevention of damage by disease that adult fish culture cultivates the phase.
After First Year September light lip fish stops spawning substantially, Selection parent separately cultivates Second Year to parent's male and female June to August parent's spawning and hatching goes out fry Second Year June for 2 days to 4 days in March, the 3rd fry rearing In April, 3 breeds fish fry in batches and starts to list to the pond above adult fish of in June, the 4th part 50g.Parent is laid eggs to adult fish Market periods are 2 years.
Described light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond is built:
By subterranean tunnel formula pond (1), filtering ponds (2), insulation soil layer (3), single flow ultraviolet sterilizer (4) institute group Become;
The tail end in described subterranean tunnel formula pond (1) arranges a vertical water inlet pipe (10), subterranean tunnel formula pond (1) It is disjunctor that the bottom of outer end supports (23) and filtering ponds (2) at the bottom of pond by filter layer (11);
Described filtering ponds (2) include upper and lower two parts, and top is divided into filter layer (11), and bottom is divided into reservoir bed (12);
Described insulation soil layer (3) is piled up in above subterranean tunnel formula pond (1), and single flow ultraviolet sterilizer (4) is even It is connected on outlet pipe (9);
A kind of smooth lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond described above, tunnel type pond (1) is descended in filtering ponds (2) pond face above Ground Pond face, filtering ponds (2) pond face setting manhole (6) and manhole seal cover board (8), subterranean tunnel formula pond (1) pond face It is provided with manhole (5) and manhole seal cover board (7);
Upper part filter layer setting drilled base plate (13), setting cobblestone filter layer (14), goose above drilled base plate (13) Setting charcoal filtering layer (15) above cobble filter layer (14), setting rough sand filter layer (16) above charcoal filtering layer (15), slightly Husky filter layer (17) in arranging above husky filter layer (16), setting cobblestone pressure sand bed (18) above middle sand filter layer (17), goose Above cobble pressure sand bed (18), an outlet pipe (9) and a backwashed filtering layer water inlet pipe (19) are set;
Lower part reservoir bed (12) at the bottom of pond is provided with heavy dirt pond (20) in the outer part in pool wall, and heavy dirt pond (20) at the bottom of pond is provided with Blow-off pipe (21).
Described light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train the construction in pond:
Pond (24), water inlet pipe (29), stiling basin (32), laying nest (25), solar energy insect-trapping lamp are raised and train by cuboid shale (27) form;
It is flat that described cuboid shale raises and train pond (24) at the bottom of pond, raises and train pond (24) at the bottom of pond layer overlay in cuboid shale Grit, presses the 4 plants/m density plantation black algae of equivalent amount, waterweed, water caltrop submerged plant (33) and every mu of water in grit layer (36) Face respectively puts mussel, river clam, Corbicula fluminea and stone spiral shell 2 kg of water epifauna (34) in a suitable place to breed, separately presses 0.5/m density in grit layer (36) Placing bore is φ 10cm with section Mao bamboo tube (35) up;
Described water inlet pipe (29), is arranged at cuboid shale and raises and train above the pool wall of pond (24) long side, tames and dociles from cuboid shale Foster pond (24) broadside pool wall 2m 3m, raises and train 45 DEG C of pond (24) inclined bottom surface to cuboid shale, with broadside pool wall simultaneously Form 45 DEG C of angles;
Described laying nest (25), is arranged at the cuboid shale from water inlet pipe 2m 3m and raises and train by pond (24) broadside At 1.5m 2m, by cuboid shale spawning pond (26), sandy layer (39), plastics mesh screen (38), palm-bark rain cape bed course (37), water inlet Ditch (30), exhalent canal (31) and sunshade (28) composition;
Described cuboid shale spawning pond (26) at the bottom of pond lays one layer of sand, forms sandy layer (39), and cuboid shale is laid eggs The sandy layer in pond (26) (39) and cuboid shale raise and train pond (24) grit layer (36) area ratio for 1:10, cuboid shale spawning pond (26) sandy layer (39) raises and train pond (24) grit layer (36) 1m higher than cuboid shale.Sandy in cuboid shale spawning pond (26) With one layer of 80 mesh plastics mesh screen (38) of pool wall paving, in plastics mesh screen (38) bedding palm-bark rain cape (37) above, bedding area reaches length The 1/3 of cube shale spawning pond (26) floor space.It is long that cuboid shale spawning pond (26) raises and train pond (24) two by cuboid shale At side, setting one inlet channel (30) and an exhalent canal (31) are raised and train pond (24) with cuboid shale and are connected, inlet channel (30) and going out Ditch (31) bottom of trench is equal with the sandy layer of cuboid shale spawning pond (26) (39), and two furrow widths are all 1m;
Described sunshade (28), is arranged at the top of cuboid shale spawning pond (26);
Described solar energy Lamp for attracting and killing insects (27), is arranged on cuboid shale and raises and train above arbitrary pool wall in pond (24), and make The polypide of trapping can be fallen into cuboid shale completely and raise and train water face;
Described stiling basin (32), is arranged at inlet channel (30) opposite cuboid shale and raises and train the arbitrary corner in pond (24), disappear power Pond (32) skewed culvert pipe arranges four water lev el control holes, and cuboid shale is raised and train pond (24) water level depth and can be controlled in 0m 2m.
Described light lip fish hatching and fry rearing culturing pool are built:
By cuboid pond (41), profundal zone (42), phytal zone (43), phytal zone (44), eat platform ramp up and down (45), eat platform (46), cave (47), Chen Wu area (48), band filter screen blow-off pipe (49), adjustable-angle feed cock (50), fall Eaves (51), elbow (52) are formed;
Described cuboid pond (41) top is a rectangular shape, and bottom is pot shape shape, has one to sink in the middle of pot shape Dirty area (48);
Phytal zone (43) and phytal zone (44) are had, heavy dirt at profundal zone (42) and in cuboid pond (41) Area (48);Phytal zone (43) and phytal zone (44) are respectively in pond at the bottom of pond the right and left, phytal zone (43) and phytal zone (44) it is profundal zone in the middle of, the center of profundal zone (42) is Chen Wu area (48);
Cuboid pond (41) right corner has a food platform (46), has about one food platform slope by rectangle pond (41) right pool wall Road (45), food platform (46) and up and down food platform ramp (45) and cuboid pond (41) You Chi angle form a cave (47);
There is down eaves (51) above cuboid pond (41) surrounding pool wall, an adjustable-angle is had on the side of eaves (51) Feed cock (50);
A kind of smooth lip fish hatching described above and fry rearing culturing pool it is characterised in that: profundal zone (42) are round platform Shape, Rotary-table upper bottom surface diameter length is at the bottom of pond width;
A kind of smooth lip fish hatching described above and fry rearing culturing pool it is characterised in that: Chen Wu area (48) upper part One is cylindrical shape, and its underpart is a Rotary-table shape, and Rotary-table bottom surface has band filter screen blow-off pipe (49), carries filter screen Blow-off pipe (49) passes to outside cuboid pond, band filter screen blow-off pipe (49) have an adjustable-angle elbow (52) for adjust control Height of water level in cuboid pond.
Described light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve (53) is built:
By wooden structures cuboid a framework (54), 80 mesh plastics mesh screens bottom (55), 3cm thickness high-density foam plate (56) group Become;
80 mesh plastics mesh screens bottom (55) are fixed on wooden structures cuboid framework (54) bottom surface, 3cm thickness high-density foam plate (56) it is fixed on wooden structures cuboid framework (54) four side, the 3cm thickness high-density foam plate that four sides are fixed is shorter in length than wood Matter structure cuboid framework four edge lengths, the fixed 3cm in four sides thickness high-density foam plate hight degree is wooden structures cuboid framework The 1/3 of four side height, light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve (53) is put into has 1/3 flat to be suspended in the water surface in water.
Described smooth lip fish Ecology plant layout is bred and is raised and train, and cultivation step is as follows:
Step 1 smooth lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond is built;
Step 2 smooth lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train pond construction;
The hatching of step 3 smooth lip fish and fry rearing culturing pool are built;
Step 4 smooth lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve is built;
Step 5 connects water source: connection light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond and light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product Fish raises and train pond and the hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing culturing pool water source;
Step 6 smooth lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train pond disinfection: according to the quick lime of 100 grams/m With pond volume fraction concentration, calculogenesis being ashed into after lime water splashes raises and train to light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish In pond, change clear water into after one week stand-by;
Step 7 adjusts light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train pond water level: by water inlet pipe (29) and Light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish are raised and train pond water level depth and adjust to 1.2m 1.5m position by stiling basin (32);
Step 8 Juvenile stage: at the beginning of First Year September, select 2 more than the age, more than whose body weight 50g 75g, develops Maturation, no sick and wounded light lip fish parent, by the density of 22 tails/m, female, male parent are placed individually into different light lip fish parents trainings Educate, lay eggs and finished product fish raise and train in pond cultivate;
Step 9 parent culture: First Year September first arrival Second Year is the nurturing period of parent by the end of May, the time is 9 months.
Adjust the discharge of water inlet pipe (29), make light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train the water inlet in pond Produce the underwater sound and form swift running water, water transparency reaches 40cm 50cm;
Unlatching is arranged on light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raises and train the solar energy Lamp for attracting and killing insects on the pool wall of pond (27);
Daily light lip fish parent light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish being raised and train in pond feeds rice sugar or wheat Bran, the morning, afternoon respectively feed once, and each feeding volume is 2% the 4% of fish body gross weight.Press weekly the 1% of fish body gross weight Increase and feed a tenebrio molitor or Lumbricuss;
Raise and train as light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and in pond, plant the heavy water of black algae, chlorella, waterweed and water caltrop Plant (33) is eaten up half by parent, then need weekly to salvage from elsewhere and supplement it is ensured that light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish Raise and train the presence having submerged plant (33) in pond all the time;
Every month raises and train pond waters with quick lime and carries out disinfection purification one to light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish Secondary, concentration is with water body volume calculations for 25 grams/m;
The overall process cultivated is all with 200 grams of Galla Chinensiss, 250 grams of Herba Houttuyniae, 150 grams of Herba Andrographis, 100 grams of Herba Taraxaci, stone Chang 300 grams of Pu, 200 grams of Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei, 200 grams of Cortex Phellodendri, 200 gram of eight taste Chinese herbal medicine of Folium Isatidiss make medicated bag, hang on light lip fish parent training Educate, lay eggs and finished product fish is raised and train at the water inlet of pond, pre- disease prevention and sterilization, change once every month;
Step 10 parent is laid eggs: at the beginning of 6 months of Second Year, salvages and cultivates light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product Fish raises and train the parent in pond, breeds parent in the ratio compatibility of female, male 1:1.2.By choose breeding parent use 3% eat Saline soak sterilization in 10 minutes, is then placed in sterilized stand-by light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raises and train in pond;
Feeding of parent is carried out by step 9 with breeding water management;
Start within 3rd day just have a large amount of parents to enter laying nest (25) spawning, ovum great majority produce on palm-bark rain cape (37), also have Produce on a small quantity on mesh screen (38).Because in pond (24), water level is too deep, little parent can spawning in pond (24);
The June first arrival of Second Year is the main egg-laying season of light lip fish by the end of August, and June to July is the peak egg-laying season;
Above female light lip fish parent's spawning rate reaches 75.6%, and eggs on average amount reaches 453/tail, and fertilization rate reached arrives 80.3%;
Step 11 follicle is collected: daily after the light lip fish roe bubble in laying nest (25) loses viscosity, gently by ovum Bubble collects in immigration light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve (53);
Step 12 follicle is hatched: is treated with the hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing cultivation with the lime water that concentration is 3% Chi Quanchi is splashed, and rinses well within second day;
Phytal zone (43) in the hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing culturing pool and phytal zone (44) water level are adjusted to 30cm More than, discharge is adjusted to enable current in pond slowly to rotate;
Light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve (53) that will be equipped with follicle puts into stand-by light lip fish hatching and fry rearing culturing pool In, light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve (53) 1/3 is highly flat to be suspended in the water surface and slowly moves with water;
Incubation surface density is 15000/m of 10000/m, and hatching water temperature is 20 DEG C 25 DEG C, during hatching Between be 2 days 4 days, incubation rate reaches 73.2%;
Step 13 fry rearing: be lying in after prelarva incubation of membrane in light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve (53), through 3 Its 4 days flat trip phase, prelarva yolk disappears within the 7th day, starts ectotrophic of ingesting, and enters the breeding phase of fry, from fish Seedling incubation of membrane to going out pond and put in a suitable place to breed need to cultivate 10 months, survival rate to 84.2%;
Fry hatching membrane cultivates a cable table to going out pond
Step 14 adult fish culture: through the fry of several months reinforced cultivatings, specification has reached 80 tails 100 Tail/kg, proceeds to light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raises and train pond and put in a suitable place to breed, and breeding density is 25 tails/m.Adult fish culture Plastics mesh screen (38) in laying nest (25) and palm-bark rain cape (37) can be removed, laying nest (25) become fry shallow water perch area and Bait throwing in area.The aquaculture management of adult fish is carried out according to the operational approach of step 6, step 7, step 9, and fry is bionical through 14 months State cultivates, and average individual weight is 51.4g, survival rate to more than 75.6%.Enter the adult fish phase, drag for stay greatly little, start list;
Above method step is summarized as follows:
Build light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond and build light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raise and train pond and build The hatching of light lip fish is built light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve with fry rearing culturing pool and is connected water source pond disinfection Adjust light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raise and train pond water level Juvenile stage parent culture parent product Ovum follicle collects the prevention of damage by disease that follicle hatches the fry rearing adult fish culture cultivation phase.
This example female light lip fish spawning rate is 75.6%, and eggs on average amount is 453/tail, and rate of fertilization is 80.3%, fertilization Egg hatching rate is 73.2%, and 10 months fry nurturing periods survival rate is 84.2%, and 14 months adult fish nurturing periods survival rate is 75.6%, Listing adult fish average individual weight is 51.4 grams.
Embodiment 2
The operational approach step of embodiment 2 is identical with embodiment 1, difference be parent individual weight and breeding density with Embodiment 1 is different, refers to " the smooth lip fish Ecology plant layout of embodiment 1 embodiment 3 is bred and raised and train information slip ".
Embodiment 3
The operational approach step of embodiment 3 is identical with embodiment 1, difference be parent individual weight and breeding density with Embodiment 1 and embodiment 2 are different, refer to that " the smooth lip fish Ecology plant layout of embodiment 1 embodiment 3 is bred and raised and train feelings Condition table ".
The smooth lip fish Ecology plant layout of embodiment 1 embodiment 3 is bred and is raised and train information slip
Parent Body weight (g) Female parent This spawning Rate (%) Averagely Spawning Amount (grain) It is subject to Essence Rate (%) Germ cell Incubation rate (%) 10 months fries Nurturing period survives Rate (%) 14 months adult fishes Nurturing period survives Rate (%) Listing adult fish Average individual Weight (g) Put in a suitable place to breed close Degree (tail/ M)
50—75 75.6 453 80. 3 73.2 84.2 75.6 51.4 22
75— 100 77.3 501 82. 6 77.6 86.4 75.8 53.6 20
100— 125 80.1 620 85. 8 80.3 88.7 76.4 58.3 18
Averagely 77.67 531.3 3 82. 9 77.03 86.43 75.93 55.1 20

Claims (1)

1. a kind of smooth lip fish Ecology plant layout breeds domesticating method, including the construction in light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond, Light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train the construction of the construction in pond, the hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing culturing pool, light Lip fish Ecology plant layout is bred and is raised and train;
Cultivation flow process is: builds light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond and builds light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raises and train pond The pool build light lip fish hatching and fry rearing culturing pool build light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve connect water source light lip Fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish are raised and train pond disinfection regulation light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raise and train pond Pool water level Juvenile stage parent culture parent spawning follicle collects follicle hatching fry training It is bred as the prevention of damage by disease that fish culture cultivates the phase;
After First Year September light lip fish stops spawning substantially, Selection parent separately cultivates Second Year June to parent's male and female Go out within 2 days to 4 days fry Second Year June to August parent's spawning and hatching in March, the 3rd fry rearing the 3rd year April breeds fish fry in batches and starts to list to the pond above adult fish of in June, the 4th part 50g, and parent is laid eggs to adult fish listing Cycle is 2 years;
The construction in described light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond: by subterranean tunnel formula pond (1), filtering ponds (2), insulation soil layer (3), single flow ultraviolet sterilizer (4) is formed;
The tail end in subterranean tunnel formula pond (1) arranges a vertical water inlet pipe (10), the bottom of subterranean tunnel formula pond (1) outer end Supporting (23) and filtering ponds (2) at the bottom of pond by filter layer (11) is disjunctor;
Filtering ponds (2) include upper and lower two parts, and top is divided into filter layer (11), and bottom is divided into reservoir bed (12);Described insulation Soil layer (3) is piled up in above subterranean tunnel formula pond (1), and single flow ultraviolet sterilizer (4) is connected on outlet pipe (9);
Filtering ponds (2) pond face descends tunnel type pond (1) pond face, filtering ponds (2) pond face setting manhole (6) and manhole above Ground Seal cover board (8), subterranean tunnel formula pond (1) pond face is also equipped with manhole (5) and manhole seal cover board (7);
Upper part filter layer setting drilled base plate (13), setting cobblestone filter layer (14), cobblestone above drilled base plate (13) Setting charcoal filtering layer (15) above filter layer (14), setting rough sand filter layer (16), rough sand mistake above charcoal filtering layer (15) Husky filter layer (17) in arranging above filtering layer (16), setting cobblestone pressure sand bed (18) above middle sand filter layer (17), cobblestone Above pressure sand bed (18), an outlet pipe (9) and a backwashed filtering layer water inlet pipe (19) are set;
Lower part reservoir bed (12) at the bottom of pond is provided with heavy dirt pond (20) in the outer part in pool wall, and heavy dirt pond (20) at the bottom of pond is provided with blowdown Pipe (21);
Described light lip fish hatching and the construction of fry rearing culturing pool: by cuboid pond (41), profundal zone (42), phytal zone (43), phytal zone (44), up and down food platform ramp (45), food platform (46), cave (47), Chen Wu area (48), band filter screen blow-off pipe (49), adjustable-angle feed cock (50), fall eaves (51), elbow (52) and formed;
Cuboid pond (41) top is a rectangular shape, and bottom is You Yichenwu area (48) in the middle of pot shape shape, pot shape;
Phytal zone (43) and phytal zone (44) are had, profundal zone (42) and a Chu Chenwu area at one in cuboid pond (41) (48);Phytal zone (43) and phytal zone (44) are respectively in pond at the bottom of pond the right and left, phytal zone (43) and phytal zone (44) it is profundal zone in the middle of, the center of profundal zone (42) is Chen Wu area (48);
Cuboid pond (41) right corner has a food platform (46), has about one food platform ramp by rectangle pond (41) right pool wall (45), food platform (46) and up and down food platform ramp (45) and cuboid pond (41) You Chi angle composition one cave (47);
There is down eaves (51) above cuboid pond (41) surrounding pool wall, an adjustable-angle water inlet is had on the side of eaves (51) Leading (50);
Profundal zone (42) is Rotary-table shape, and Rotary-table upper bottom surface diameter length is at the bottom of pond width;
Chen Wu area (48) top is divided into a cylindrical shape, and its underpart is a Rotary-table shape, and Rotary-table bottom surface has a band Filter screen blow-off pipe (49), band filter screen blow-off pipe (49) passes to outside cuboid pond, and band filter screen blow-off pipe (49) has a scalable angle Degree elbow (52) is used for adjusting height of water level in control cuboid pond;
It is characterized in that:
The construction of described light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve: by wooden structures cuboid framework (54), 80 mesh plastics mesh screens bottom (55), 3cm thickness high-density foam plate (56) composition;
80 mesh plastics mesh screens bottom (55) are fixed on wooden structures cuboid framework (54) bottom surface, 3cm thickness high-density foam plate (56) It is fixed on wooden structures cuboid framework (54) four side, the 3cm thickness high-density foam plate that four sides are fixed is shorter in length than wooden knot Structure cuboid framework (54) four edge lengths, the fixed 3cm in four sides thickness high-density foam plate hight degree is wooden structures cuboid framework The 1/3 of (54) four side height, light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve (53) is put into has 1/3 flat to be suspended in the water surface in water;
Described light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train the construction in pond: raised and train pond (24), entered by cuboid shale Water pipe (29), stiling basin (32), laying nest (25), solar energy Lamp for attracting and killing insects (27) composition;
It is flat that cuboid shale raises and train pond (24) at the bottom of pond, raises and train pond (24) at the bottom of pond layer overlay grit in cuboid shale, Grit layer (36) presses the 4 plants/m density plantation black algae of equivalent amount, chlorella, waterweed and water caltrop submerged plant (33) and every mu of water Face respectively puts mussel, river clam, Corbicula fluminea and stone spiral shell 2 kg of water epifauna (34) in a suitable place to breed, separately presses 0.5/m density in grit layer (36) Placing bore is φ 10cm with section Mao bamboo tube (35) up;
Water inlet pipe (29), is arranged at cuboid shale and raises and train above the pool wall of pond (24) long side, raise and train pond (24) from cuboid shale One broadside pool wall 2m 3m, raises and train 45 DEG C of pond (24) inclined bottom surface to cuboid shale simultaneously, forms 45 DEG C with broadside pool wall Angle;
Laying nest (25), is arranged at the cuboid shale from water inlet pipe (29) 2m 3m and raises and train the other 1.5m of pond (24) broadside At 2m, laying nest (25) is made to be 3.5m 5m with the distance of water inlet pipe (29), by cuboid shale spawning pond (26), sandy layer (39), plastics mesh screen (38), palm-bark rain cape (37), inlet channel (30), exhalent canal (31) and sunshade (28) composition;
Cuboid shale spawning pond (26) at the bottom of pond lays one layer of sand, forms sandy layer (39), and cuboid shale spawning pond (26) is husky Matter layer (39) and cuboid shale raise and train pond (24) grit layer (36) area ratio for 1:10, and cuboid shale spawning pond (26) is sandy Layer (39) raises and train pond (24) grit layer (36) 1m higher than cuboid shale, cuboid shale spawning pond (26) is sandy and pool wall spreads One layer of 80 mesh plastics mesh screen (38) of patch, in plastics mesh screen (38) bedding palm-bark rain cape (37) above, bedding area reaches cuboid shale The 1/3 of spawning pond (26) floor space, cuboid shale spawning pond (26) raises and train the setting of pond (24) two long edge position by cuboid shale One inlet channel (30) and an exhalent canal (31) are raised and train pond (24) with cuboid shale and are connected, inlet channel (30) and exhalent canal (31) Bottom of trench is equal with the sandy layer of cuboid shale spawning pond (26) (39), and two furrow widths are all 1m;
Sunshade (28), is arranged at the top of cuboid shale spawning pond (26);
Solar energy Lamp for attracting and killing insects (27), is arranged on cuboid shale and raises and train above arbitrary pool wall in pond (24), and make the worm of trapping Physical ability is fallen into cuboid shale completely and is raised and train water face;
Stiling basin (32), is arranged at inlet channel (30) opposite cuboid shale and raises and train the arbitrary corner in pond (24), and stiling basin (32) is tiltedly Culvert pipe arranges four water lev el control holes, and cuboid shale is raised and train pond (24) water level depth and can be controlled in 0m 2m;
Described smooth lip fish Ecology plant layout is bred and is raised and train, and cultivation step is as follows:
The construction in step 1 smooth lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond;
Step 2 smooth lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train the construction in pond;
The hatching of step 3 smooth lip fish and the construction of fry rearing culturing pool;
The construction of step 4 smooth lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve;
Step 5 connects water source: connection light lip fish culture regulating and controlling water quality pond and light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish are tamed and dociled Foster pond and the hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing culturing pool water source;
Step 6 smooth lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish raise and train pond disinfection: according to quick lime and the pond of 100 grams/m Pool volume fraction concentration, calculogenesis being ashed into after lime water splashes raises and train pond to light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish In, change clear water into after one week stand-by;
Step 7 adjusts light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raises and train pond water level: will by water inlet pipe and stiling basin Light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish are raised and train pond water level depth and adjust to 1.2m 1.5m position;
Step 8 Juvenile stage: at the beginning of First Year September, select 2 more than the age, more than whose body weight 50g, reaches maturity, no hinders The light lip fish parent of disease, by the density of 18 tails/m 22 tails/m, female, male parent is placed individually into different light lip fish parents Cultivate, spawning and finished product fish are raised and train in pond and cultivated;
Step 9 parent culture: First Year September first arrival Second Year is the nurturing period of parent by the end of May, the time is 9 months,
Adjust the discharge of water inlet pipe, make the water inlet that light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish are raised and train in pond produce the underwater sound With form swift running water, water transparency reaches 40cm 50cm;
Unlatching is arranged on light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raises and train the solar energy Lamp for attracting and killing insects on the pool wall of pond;
Daily light lip fish parent light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish being raised and train in pond feeds rice sugar or Testa Tritici, on Noon, afternoon respectively feed once, and each feeding volume is 2% the 4% of fish body gross weight, feed by 1% increasing of fish body gross weight weekly Tenebrio molitor or Lumbricuss;
Plant black algae, chlorella, waterweed and water caltrop in pond and eaten by parent as light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish are raised and train Fall half, then need weekly to salvage from elsewhere and supplement it is ensured that light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish are raised and train in pond and have all the time The presence of submerged plant,
Every month raises and train pond waters with quick lime and carries out disinfection purification once to light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish, Concentration is 25 grams/m;
The overall process cultivated is all with 200 grams of Galla Chinensiss, 250 grams of Herba Houttuyniae, 150 grams of Herba Andrographis, 100 grams of Herba Taraxaci, Rhizoma Acori Graminei 300 Gram, 200 grams of Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei, 200 grams of Cortex Phellodendri, 200 gram of eight taste Chinese herbal medicine of Folium Isatidiss make medicated bag, hang on light lip fish parent culture, product Ovum and finished product fish are raised and train at the water inlet of pond, pre- disease prevention and sterilization, change every month once,
Step 10 parent is laid eggs: raises and train pond at the beginning of 6 months of Second Year, salvaging light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish Parent in the pool, breeds parent in the ratio compatibility of female, male 1:1.2, and the breeding chosen parent is soaked with 3% edible salt water Put into stand-by light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish after sterilization in 10 minutes and raise and train in pond, breeding density control 18 tails/ M 22 tails/m,
Feeding of parent is carried out by step 9 with breeding water management;
Start within 3rd day just have a large amount of parents to enter laying nest spawning, ovum great majority produce on palm-bark rain cape, also have and produce in mesh screen on a small quantity On, because cuboid shale is raised and train, water level in pond is too deep, and little parent can raise and train spawning in pond in cuboid shale;
The June first arrival of Second Year is the main egg-laying season of light lip fish by the end of August, and June to July is the peak egg-laying season;
Above female light lip fish parent's spawning rate reaches more than 75%, and eggs on average amount reaches more than 450/tail, and fertilization rate reached arrives More than 80%;
Step 11 follicle is collected: daily after the light lip fish roe bubble in laying nest loses viscosity, gently gathers up follicle To move in light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve;
Step 12 follicle is hatched: is treated complete with the hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing culturing pool with the lime water that concentration is 3% Being splashed in pond, rinses well within second day;
Shallow water position in the hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing culturing pool is adjusted to more than 30cm, discharge is adjusted to enable current in pond Slow rotation;
The light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve that will be equipped with follicle is put in the stand-by hatching of light lip fish and fry rearing culturing pool, light lip fish Follicle hatching sieve 1/3 is highly flat to be suspended in the water surface and slowly moves with water,
Incubation surface density is 15000/m of 10000/m, and hatching water temperature is 20 DEG C 25 DEG C, and brooding time is 2 It 4 days, incubation rate reached more than 73%;
Step 13 fry rearing: be lying in after prelarva incubation of membrane in light lip fish roe bubble hatching sieve, through 3 days 4 days The flat trip phase, the 7th day prelarva yolk disappears, and starts ectotrophic of ingesting, and enters the breeding phase of fry, from fry hatching membrane to Go out pond and put in a suitable place to breed need to cultivate 10 months, survival rate to more than 84%;
Step 14 adult fish culture: through the fry of several months reinforced cultivatings, specification has reached 80 tails/kg 100 Tail/kg proceeds to light lip fish parent culture, spawning and finished product fish and raises and train pond and put in a suitable place to breed, and breeding density is 25 tails/m, the cultivation of adult fish Plastic wire in laying nest and palm-bark rain cape can be removed, the shallow water that laying nest becomes fry perches area and bait throwing in area, the cultivation of adult fish Management is carried out according to the operational approach of step 6, step 7, step 9, and adult fish cultivates through the Ecology of 14 months, average individual weight Measure as more than 50g, survival rate to more than 75%, drag for and stay greatly little, start to list.
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