CN104741727A - Full-automatic solar battery piece welding belt machine - Google Patents

Full-automatic solar battery piece welding belt machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104741727A
CN104741727A CN201510123635.5A CN201510123635A CN104741727A CN 104741727 A CN104741727 A CN 104741727A CN 201510123635 A CN201510123635 A CN 201510123635A CN 104741727 A CN104741727 A CN 104741727A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
welding
cell piece
feed
plate
sucker
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CN201510123635.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104741727B (en
Inventor
李兵
王猛
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东莞市台工电子机械科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201510123635.5A priority Critical patent/CN104741727B/en
Publication of CN104741727A publication Critical patent/CN104741727A/en
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Publication of CN104741727B publication Critical patent/CN104741727B/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The invention relates to a solar battery piece welding belt machine, in particular to a full-automatic solar battery piece welding belt machine capable of performing programmable control over automatic conveying of battery pieces and welding belt materials. The full-automatic solar battery piece welding belt machine mainly comprises a welding belt system, a working rack and a control system. The working rack is a metal plate rack composed of a workbench and a work cabinet, a rack outer cover matched with the working rack is arranged, and the control system is a programmable control system. The welding belt system mainly comprises an automatic material piece supplying system, a material piece conveying system, a welding belt conveying system and an automatic material collecting mechanism. The continuous battery piece feeding, welding belt feeding and battery piece welding belt and battery piece colleting work of the welding belt machine can be finished through the automatic material piece supplying system, the material piece conveying system, the welding belt conveying system and the automatic material collecting mechanism which are compact in structure and the programmable control system, the quality of the welded battery pieces is guaranteed while the productivity of enterprises is greatly improved, the situations of sealing off, pseudo soldering and deviation soldering do not exist in the battery pieces, and the product is more standardized.

Description

A kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar battery sheet welding machine, espespecially a kind of cell piece of PLC technology and a kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine of welding material automatic transport.
Background technology
Solar cell flake products is a kind of compact battery sheet, in solar battery sheet production field, mainly welding is welded to above solar battery sheet, make between each cell piece, independently to there is and can be convenient to series connection, and this compact battery sheet is thinner, common thickness is between 0.2mm-0.25mm, in life, the specification of cell piece is more, but be lower thickness, and cell piece toughness is not strong, it is easily impaired because material is more crisp, thus solar battery sheet welding is operated in existing production process and only fulfils assignment by hand, traditional manual work mode efficiency is lower, operation is also comparatively numerous and diverse, due to restriction and the limitation of human factor, cause the cell piece of production second-rate, sealing-off, rosin joint, the problem such as to be partially welded occurs, also can the manpower and materials of at substantial, and final operation achievement also to produce product percent of pass low, the problems such as production capacity is not high, not only have impact on manufacturing schedule, also can directly cause comparatively serious resource cost, therefore modernization industrial equipment is used to be industrial production and the development trend needed for progress to complete the operation of solar battery sheet welding.
For making easily impaired small-sized solar cell piece success welding in enormous quantities, if use industrial equipment to complete welding operation, the material of solar battery sheet transmits with the material transmission of welding and weld job thereof all in order to the independence that works, complementary important step, and the equipment that operation relates to is common the pay-off of cell piece material and the pay-off of welding material, the present invention could need complete welding operation smoothly in conjunction with the pay-off of cell piece material and the pay-off of welding material and the material supply device cooperating of bi-material, but, the basis of existing production technology is difficult to fast, convenient and accurately inerrably finish the work, such as, material supply device is failed to reach and is met solar battery sheet feature and the requirement of quick supply or mobile phone, for another example, the feeding device of welding is by manual operation, namely welding is manual from the welding of whole dish to be cut out out to complete to utilize manual control, take again fill scaling powder container in soak, get after immersion completes and dry up incidental scaling powder on welding again, then welding bench cell piece being put into preheating carries out preheating location, again with tweezers take out one dry up after welding, then the silver coating in the middle of cell piece is aimed at, then the work such as fusion weld are carried out from front to back with ferrochrome, also need to ensure that the marginal dimension of one end of welding from cell piece is within 1-2mm, to guarantee that welding is welded on above cell piece and can not has sealing-off simultaneously, rosin joint, the problem such as to be partially welded occurs, therefore step is not only very loaded down with trivial details, also can consume the muscle power of operator in a large number, degree of fatigue increases the weight of.
For solving the problem, a kind of automation of the invention, the welding machine easily regulated, effectively can ensure the quality of product and improve production production capacity, and the steady production of product quality and quantity can be kept perseveringly, simultaneously, use the invention only to need some operating personnel to complete to carry out accurately controlling and monitoring in real time to multiple devices, while saving manpower, saving resource, also can raise the efficiency significantly, also promote industrial progress.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problem, the present invention is intended to open a kind of solar battery sheet welding machine, espespecially a kind of cell piece of PLC technology and a kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine of welding material automatic transport.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine, mainly comprise welding system, work housing and control system, described work housing is the panel beating frame be made up of workbench and working cabined, and be provided with frame outer cover adaptive with it, control system is man-machine complex programmable control system, it is characterized in that: described welding system mainly comprises Automatic-feeding sheet system, transmits tablet system, welding transfer system and automatic withdrawing mechanism;
Described Automatic-feeding sheet system is primarily of automatic feed mechanism and feed magazine composition, and automatic feed mechanism mainly comprises hopper base plate, cell piece is separated blow needle, automatically change magazine cylinder, cell piece pallet arrangement and feed screw mandrel; Hopper base plate bottom surface is provided with linear slide rail, hopper base plate is provided with two adjacent cell piece feed magazines, magazine base plate is movable base plate, cell piece is separated the both sides that blow needle is arranged on feed magazine material taking mouth, and replacing magazine cylinder and hopper base plate lateral connection are done laterally to slide along linear slide rail to drive hopper base plate automatically; Cell piece pallet arrangement forms primarily of fixed leg, cell piece supporting plate, supporting plate lifting column and base plate, cell piece supporting plate, supporting plate lifting column are longitudinally connected from top to bottom with base plate, cell piece supporting plate is arranged on below hopper base plate, and be arranged on the positive corresponding below of feed magazine, and cell piece supporting plate can run through the through hole that hopper base plate offers communicates with feed magazine inside; Feed screw mandrel is arranged on below the base plate of cell piece pallet arrangement, and feed screw mandrel runs through base plate is connected with supporting plate lifting column, is formed when feed screw mandrel moves up or down and can promote supporting plate lifting column and drive cell piece supporting plate to do elevating movement in feed magazine;
Described transmission tablet system is primarily of material fetching mechanism one, material fetching mechanism two, strip welding mechanism, single axis robot and secured adjusted pedestal composition, and wherein material fetching mechanism one, strip welding mechanism are arranged on single axis robot by being fixedly connected with movable plate successively with material fetching mechanism two; Described material fetching mechanism primarily of feeding sucker, sucker sliding seat, sucker bearing and cylinder composition, feeding sucker is nested to be arranged on sucker sliding seat and sucker suction inlet down;
Described strip welding mechanism mainly comprises stand apparatus, buffer unit, heater, heat-proof device and drive unit, described stand apparatus is primarily of main bearing, secondary support plate, intersection slide track seat and pressure welding band sliding seat composition, described drive unit is primarily of pressure welding band motor, pressure zone cam and initial point inductor composition, strip welding mechanism is fixedly mounted on single axis robot by main bearing, pressure welding band motor, main bearing and pressure zone cam are axially connected by universal driving shaft, pressure zone cam bottom profile contacts with secondary support plate top profile, be connected as a single entity form the mobilizable syndeton of secondary support plate by intersecting slide track seat one between one side of secondary support plate with main bearing, the bottom of secondary support plate another side is connected to form the mobilizable syndeton of welding sliding seat by intersection slide track seat two with pressure welding band sliding seat, described heater is primarily of connector, thermocouple, heat-generating pipe and heat-sealing head composition, and heat-generating pipe, thermocouple are connected with heat-sealing head by connector, described heat-proof device forms to reach form of thermal insulation step by step primarily of main thermal insulation board, thermal insulation barriers one and thermal insulation barriers two, wherein main thermal insulation board is arranged on the connector upper end of heater, thermal insulation barriers one is arranged on the junction of secondary support plate and buffer unit, and thermal insulation barriers two is arranged on the junction of stand apparatus and drive unit, described buffer unit forms primarily of buffer spring, cushioning fender and back-moving spring, cushioning fender be arranged on secondary plate level axis place and for pressure welding band sliding seat just to top, between cushioning fender and pressure welding band sliding seat, install buffer spring, back-moving spring is connected on main bearing and secondary support plate simultaneously,
Described welding transfer system primarily of adjacent connection successively for strip welding mechanism, welding feed mechanism and welding detent mechanism composition, for strip welding mechanism and welding feed mechanism, pulley is installed in mechanism respectively and is formed and to lead the welding delivery track linked up transmitted with pulley, described welding feed mechanism mainly comprises clamping shoe, clamping conveying welding device, welding transmits motor, Scissoring device and integrally-regulated pedestal, integrally-regulated pedestal is by upper supporting plate, lower carrier plate, perpendicular support plate and guiding line slide rail composition, perpendicular support plate is vertically mounted on, between lower carrier plate, microscler dead slot is offered in the middle part of upper supporting plate, wherein clamp the end face that shoe is arranged on upper supporting plate, welding transmits the side that motor is arranged on perpendicular support plate, Scissoring device is arranged on the another side of perpendicular support plate, clamping conveying welding device is arranged on the perpendicular support plate side identical with Scissoring device by guiding line slide rail, before and after the welding device of clamping conveying simultaneously, both sides are the welding feeding track be made up of a pair pulley, the first half of welding feeding track is arranged on above upper supporting plate through dead slot.
Described welding transfer system is arranged in the middle part of work housing workbench, and transmit the side that tablet system is arranged on workbench, Automatic-feeding sheet system is arranged on the opposite side adjacent with transmitting tablet system.
Described automatic feed mechanism also comprises put in place inductor and control fiber, and the inductor that wherein puts in place is that feed magazine puts in place inductor, and control fiber is arranged on the material mouth place of magazine, can being filled with or open position of induced cell sheet material.
The secured adjusted pedestal of described transmission tablet system is fixedly mounted on work housing surface by base bottom, single axis robot is arranged on the top of secured adjusted pedestal, thus makes single axis robot under the bearing pressure effect of secured adjusted pedestal, be arranged on the overhead of work housing.
Described single axis robot mainly comprises ball screw group, linear slide rail group, movable plate, fixed base plate and servo motor, movable plate is slidably mounted in linear slide rail group, material fetching mechanism one, strip welding mechanism and material fetching mechanism two are by being fixedly connected with movable plate thus being slidably mounted in the linear slide rail group of single axis robot, when material fetching mechanism one slides into left end, feeding sucker at feed magazine material taking mouth just to top, when material fetching mechanism two slides into right-hand member, feeding sucker at rewinding magazine rewinding mouth just to top.
Sucker sliding seat and the sucker bearing of described material fetching mechanism are inverted "L" shaped structure, wherein sucker sliding seat is class " ┙ " shape, sucker bearing is class " ┒ " shape, on the nested level board being arranged on sucker sliding seat of feeding sucker, the vertical plate of sucker sliding seat is connected by slide rail with the vertical plate of sucker bearing, the vertical plate of sucker bearing is fixedly mounted on the movable plate of single axis robot simultaneously, and cylinder is arranged on the level board top of sucker bearing and is connected to drive sucker sliding seat vertically to slide up and down with sucker sliding seat.
The thermocouple of described strip welding mechanism and heat-generating pipe are electrically connected, and heat-generating pipe provides heat that heat-sealing head is heated, and thermocouple makes heat-sealing head maintain constant temperature by real time temperature measurement, and strip welding mechanism is also provided with the protective cover being arranged on heat-sealing head and connector periphery simultaneously.
In described welding transfer system, for strip welding mechanism primarily of welding strip plate, welding checkout gear, flux container, welding blow-dry device and assembly pulley composition, welding exports successively through welding checkout gear, flux container, welding blow-dry device and be delivered to welding feed mechanism by assembly pulley guide effect from welding strip plate; Welding detent mechanism is primarily of jig, location heat-generating pipe, positioning heat galvanic couple, positioning cylinder and detent mechanism composition.
Described welding feed mechanism also comprises cleaning blow needle, guiding rectification group, initial point photoelectric sensor, guiding rectification group is arranged on the end face rear position of upper supporting plate, cleaning blow needle is connected by adjutage makes it be arranged on guiding rectification group side, and adjacent with the jig welding detent mechanism.
Use a kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine to carry out the technique of cell piece welding, it is characterized in that: cell piece welding technique comprises the following steps:
1) cell piece is transferred to the jig of welding detent mechanism from automatic feed mechanism by material fetching mechanism one;
2) by pulley motion by welding from being transported to welding detent mechanism for strip welding mechanism through welding feed mechanism, step 2) with 1) synchronously carry out;
3) strip welding mechanism moves in welding detent mechanism and carries out welding operation;
4) cell piece jig having completed welding operation is transferred in automatic withdrawing mechanism by material fetching mechanism two.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is embodied in: the present invention is by the Automatic-feeding sheet system of compact conformation, transmit tablet system, welding transfer system and automatic withdrawing mechanism also adopt programmable control system to complete the coherent cell piece feeding of welding machine, welding feeding, cell piece welding and cell piece collection work, the quality of the rear cell piece of welding is ensure that while greatly improving the production production capacity of enterprise, every sheet cell piece is made to no longer include sealing-off, rosin joint and situation about being partially welded, needed for the cell piece of different model the length of welding can arrange and after welding completes automatic cutting, ensure that the length of each root bead band is consistent with institute's made allowance on cell piece, make product standardization more.
The automatic feed mechanism that the present invention adopts and automatic withdrawing mechanism can realize stable for receiving material, wherein automatic feed mechanism changes second feed magazine automatically when first feed magazine material vacancy, automatic withdrawing mechanism changes second rewinding magazine automatically when first rewinding magazine material is filled with, and realizes automation for rewinding.
In transmission tablet system of the present invention, material fetching mechanism and strip welding mechanism are arranged on single axis robot, can by material fetching mechanism one by programming Control single axis robot, two are transported to material taking mouth place and rewinding mouth place respectively, and strip welding mechanism is transported to the jig place of cell piece and welding, and strip welding mechanism is provided with heat-sealing head, weld job is completed by heat-sealing head, more cost can be saved compared to the welding of traditional infrared ray lamp-based, also more speed can be improved, heat-sealing head is by the temperature that can reach needed for weld job of heating of heat-generating pipe, and thermocouple can monitor temperature at any time, to guarantee that whether welding temperature is suitable, protective cover has been installed additional in addition at heat-sealing head place, to guarantee that operating personnel can not run into unexpected scald, material fetching mechanism has installed main thermal insulation board and thermal insulation barriers additional simultaneously, reaches effective effect of heat insulation, effectively protect the element such as initial point inductor and pressure welding band motor by heat insulation step by step, the buffer unit set up has pooling feature and spring reset function, is pressed in the pressure on cell piece during to reduce welding, and protection cell piece does not produce cracked situation because pressure is excessive when welding, the intersection slide track seat adopted does guiding and coordinates, high and the stable performance of precision, ensure by the uniformity of the two-step mechanism of intersection slide track seat drive activity and accuracy, each function combines the life-span and function that reach the components and parts not having influence on other while stable weld job, make the accuracy of welding higher, thus better ensure that the quality of product.
In welding transfer system, to be connected with welding feed mechanism by assembly pulley guide effect for strip welding mechanism and smooth solar battery sheet is welded needed for welding be sent to welding feed mechanism from confession strip welding mechanism, finally be sent in the jig of welding detent mechanism, and complete welding operation with the cell piece arriving jig place by strip welding mechanism, ensure to stablize ribbon supply, the cleaning blow needle simultaneously arranged can ensure the cleanliness factor of jig, and the rectification group that leads make welding be in all the time accurately position or track first-class, to work in coordination work with transmission tablet system, not only ensure that cell piece material transmits stable, also ensure that welding material transmits stable, and made the cell piece product standardization more of welding, each mechanism is programming Control, whole process handled easily, efficiency improves, quality assurance.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the perspective view of welding system of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of Automatic-feeding sheet system of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of transmission tablet system of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the STRUCTURE DECOMPOSITION figure of strip welding mechanism in transmission tablet system of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation for strip welding mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of welding feed mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of welding detent mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the overall structure schematic diagram that the present invention and frame outer cover are assembled.
Accompanying drawing mark illustrates: 1-work housing, 2-frame outer cover, 3-control system, 4-Automatic-feeding sheet system, and 5-transmits tablet system, 6-welding transfer system, 7-automatic withdrawing mechanism, 40-feed magazine, 41-hopper base plate, 42-cell piece is separated blow needle, 43-changes magazine cylinder automatically, 44-cell piece pallet arrangement, 441-fixed leg, 442-cell piece supporting plate, 443-supporting plate lifting column, 444-base plate, 45-feed screw mandrel, 46-linear slide rail, 47-puts in place inductor, 48-control fiber, 50-secured adjusted pedestal, 51-material fetching mechanism one, 52-material fetching mechanism two, 53-strip welding mechanism, 54-single axis robot, 55-stand apparatus, 56-buffer unit, 57-heater, 58-heat-proof device, 59-drive unit, 541-ball screw group, 542-linear slide rail group, 543-movable plate, 544-fixed base plate, 545-servo motor, 511-feeding sucker, 512-sucker sliding seat, 513-sucker bearing, 514-cylinder, the main bearing of 551-, the secondary support plate of 552-, 553-intersects slide track seat one, 554-intersects slide track seat two, 555-pressure welding band sliding seat, 556-protective cover, 561-buffer spring, 562-cushioning fender, 563-back-moving spring, 571-connector, 572-thermocouple, 573-heat-generating pipe, 574-heat-sealing head, the main thermal insulation board of 581-, 582-thermal insulation barriers one, 583-thermal insulation barriers two, 591-pressure welding band motor, 592-pressure zone cam, 593-initial point inductor, 61-welding feed mechanism, 62-is for strip welding mechanism, 63-welds detent mechanism, 611-clamps shoe, 612-clamping conveying welding device, 613-welding transmits motor, 614-Scissoring device, 615-upper supporting plate, 616-lower carrier plate, 617-erects support plate, 618-leads line slide rail, 619-clears up blow needle, 6110-guiding rectification group, 6111-initial point photoelectric sensor, 6112-pulley, 621-welding strip plate, 622-welding checkout gear, 623-flux container, 624-welding blow-dry device, 625-assembly pulley, 631-jig, 632-locates heat-generating pipe, 633-positioning heat galvanic couple, 634-positioning cylinder, 635-detent mechanism.
Detailed description of the invention
The specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
A kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine, mainly comprise welding system, work housing 1 and control system 3, described work housing 1 is the panel beating frame be made up of workbench and working cabined, and be provided with frame outer cover 2 adaptive with it, control system is man-machine complex programmable control system, and described welding system mainly comprises Automatic-feeding sheet system 4, transmits tablet system 5, welding transfer system 6 and automatic withdrawing mechanism 7; Described welding transfer system 6 is arranged in the middle part of work housing workbench, and transmit the side that tablet system 5 is arranged on workbench, Automatic-feeding sheet system 4 is arranged on the opposite side adjacent with transmitting tablet system 5;
Described Automatic-feeding sheet system 4 forms primarily of automatic feed mechanism and feed magazine 40, and automatic feed mechanism mainly comprises hopper base plate 41, cell piece is separated blow needle 42, automatically change magazine cylinder 43, cell piece pallet arrangement 44 and feed screw mandrel 45; Hopper base plate 41 bottom surface is provided with linear slide rail 46, hopper base plate 41 is provided with two adjacent cell piece feed magazines 40, magazine base plate is movable base plate, cell piece is separated the both sides that blow needle 42 is arranged on feed magazine 40 material taking mouth, automatically changes magazine cylinder 43 and does horizontal slip to drive hopper base plate 41 along linear slide rail 46 with hopper base plate 41 lateral connection; Cell piece pallet arrangement 44 forms primarily of fixed leg 441, cell piece supporting plate 442, supporting plate lifting column 443 and base plate 444, cell piece supporting plate 442, supporting plate lifting column 443 and base plate 444 are longitudinally connected from top to bottom, cell piece supporting plate 442 is arranged on below hopper base plate 41, and be arranged on the positive corresponding below of feed magazine 40, and cell piece supporting plate 442 can run through the through hole that hopper base plate 41 offers communicates with feed magazine 40 inside; Feed screw mandrel 45 is arranged on below the base plate 444 of cell piece pallet arrangement 44, and feed screw mandrel 45 runs through base plate 444 is connected with supporting plate lifting column 443, supporting plate lifting column 443 can be promoted and drive cell piece supporting plate 442 to do elevating movement in feed magazine 40 when forming feed screw mandrel 45 motion up or down; Feed screw mandrel 45 is arranged between the linear slide rail 46 of both sides by the skid that bottom connects, be electrically connected with feed motor bottom feed screw mandrel 45 simultaneously, during feed motor starting, feed screw mandrel 45 is driven to move upward, because feed screw mandrel 45 moves upward by driving force, thus promotion cell piece supporting plate 442 moves upward, the movable floor of magazine is driven to move upward immediately, cell piece material in feed magazine 40 and movable floor progressively promote with the supporting force of cell piece supporting plate 442, thus ensure that the material supply at magazine material taking mouth place is sufficient; Described automatic feed mechanism also comprises put in place inductor 47 and control fiber 48, and the inductor 47 that wherein puts in place to put in place inductor for feed magazine, and control fiber 48 is arranged on the material mouth place of magazine, can being filled with or open position of induced cell sheet material.
Described transmission tablet system 5 forms primarily of material fetching mechanism 1, material fetching mechanism 2 52, strip welding mechanism 53, single axis robot 54 and secured adjusted pedestal 50, the secured adjusted pedestal 50 of described transmission tablet system 5 is fixedly mounted on work housing 1 surface by base bottom, single axis robot 54 is arranged on the top of secured adjusted pedestal 50, thus makes single axis robot 54 under the bearing pressure effect of secured adjusted pedestal 50, be arranged on the overhead of work housing 1; Wherein material fetching mechanism 1, strip welding mechanism 53 are arranged on single axis robot 54 with material fetching mechanism 2 52 by being fixedly connected with movable plate 543 successively;
Described single axis robot 54 mainly comprises ball screw group 541, linear slide rail group 542, movable plate 543, fixed base plate 544 and servo motor 545, movable plate 543 is slidably mounted in linear slide rail group 542, material fetching mechanism 1, strip welding mechanism 53 and material fetching mechanism 2 52 are by being fixedly connected with movable plate 543 thus being slidably mounted in the linear slide rail group 542 of single axis robot 54, when material fetching mechanism 1 slides into left end, feeding sucker 511 at feed magazine 40 material taking mouth just to top, when material fetching mechanism 2 52 slides into right-hand member, feeding sucker 511 at rewinding magazine rewinding mouth just to top,
Described material fetching mechanism forms primarily of feeding sucker 511, sucker sliding seat 512, sucker bearing 513 and cylinder 514, feeding sucker 511 is nested to be arranged on sucker sliding seat 512 and sucker suction inlet down, sucker sliding seat 512 and the sucker bearing 513 of described material fetching mechanism are inverted "L" shaped structure, wherein sucker sliding seat 512 is class " ┙ " shape, sucker bearing 513 is class " ┒ " shape, on the nested level board being arranged on sucker sliding seat 512 of feeding sucker 511, the vertical plate of sucker sliding seat 512 is connected by slide rail with the vertical plate of sucker bearing 513, the vertical plate of sucker bearing 513 is fixedly mounted on the movable plate 543 of single axis robot 54 simultaneously, cylinder 514 is arranged on the level board top of sucker bearing 513 and is connected with sucker sliding seat 512 to drive sucker sliding seat 512 vertically to slide up and down,
Described strip welding mechanism 53 mainly comprises stand apparatus 55, buffer unit 56, heater 57, heat-proof device 58 and drive unit 59, described stand apparatus 55 is primarily of main bearing 551, secondary support plate 552, intersection slide track seat and pressure welding band sliding seat 555 form, described drive unit 59 is primarily of pressure welding band motor 591, pressure zone cam 592 and initial point inductor 593 form, strip welding mechanism 53 is fixedly mounted on single axis robot 54 by main bearing 551, pressure welding band motor 591, main bearing 551 and pressure zone cam 592 are axially connected by universal driving shaft, pressure zone cam 592 bottom profile contacts with secondary support plate 552 top profile, be connected as a single entity form the mobilizable syndeton of secondary support plate by intersecting slide track seat 1 between one side of secondary support plate 552 with main bearing 551, the bottom of secondary support plate 552 another side is connected to form the mobilizable syndeton of welding sliding seat by intersection slide track seat 2 554 with pressure welding band sliding seat 555, described heater 57 forms primarily of connector 571, thermocouple 572, heat-generating pipe 573 and heat-sealing head 574, and heat-generating pipe 573, thermocouple 572 are connected with heat-sealing head 574 by connector 571, described heat-proof device 58 forms primarily of main thermal insulation board 581, thermal insulation barriers 1 and thermal insulation barriers 2 583 to reach form of thermal insulation step by step, wherein main thermal insulation board 581 is arranged on connector 571 upper end of heater 57, thermal insulation barriers 1 is arranged on the junction of secondary support plate 552 and buffer unit 56, and thermal insulation barriers 2 583 is arranged on the junction of stand apparatus 55 and drive unit 59, described buffer unit 56 forms primarily of buffer spring 561, cushioning fender 562 and back-moving spring 563, cushioning fender 562 be arranged on the horizontal axis place of secondary support plate 552 and for pressure welding band sliding seat 555 just to top, between cushioning fender 562 and pressure welding band sliding seat 555, install buffer spring 561, back-moving spring 563 is connected on main bearing 551 and secondary support plate 552 simultaneously, thermocouple 572 and the heat-generating pipe 573 of described strip welding mechanism 53 are electrically connected, heat-generating pipe 573 provides heat that heat-sealing head 574 is heated, thermocouple 572 makes heat-sealing head 574 maintain constant temperature by real time temperature measurement, and strip welding mechanism 53 is also provided with the protective cover 556 being arranged on heat-sealing head 574 and connector 571 periphery simultaneously.
Described welding transfer system 6 forming for strip welding mechanism 62, welding feed mechanism 61 and welding detent mechanism 63 primarily of adjacent connection successively, for strip welding mechanism 62 and welding feed mechanism 61, pulley 6112 is installed in mechanism respectively and is formed and lead the welding delivery track linked up transmitted with pulley 6112, described welding feed mechanism 61 mainly comprises clamping shoe 611, clamping conveying welding device 612, welding transmits motor 613, Scissoring device 614 and integrally-regulated pedestal, integrally-regulated pedestal is by upper supporting plate 615, lower carrier plate 616, perpendicular support plate 617 and guiding line slide rail 618 form, perpendicular support plate 617 is vertically mounted on, between lower carrier plate, microscler dead slot is offered in the middle part of upper supporting plate 615, wherein clamp the end face that shoe 611 is arranged on upper supporting plate 615, welding transmits the side that motor 613 is arranged on perpendicular support plate 617, Scissoring device 614 is arranged on the another side of perpendicular support plate 617, clamping conveying welding device 612 is arranged on perpendicular support plate 617 side identical with Scissoring device 614 by guiding line slide rail 618, before and after the welding device of clamping conveying simultaneously 612, both sides are by the welding feeding track of 625 one-tenth, a pair assembly pulley, the first half of welding feeding track is arranged on above upper supporting plate 615 through dead slot,
In described welding transfer system 6, form primarily of welding strip plate 621, welding checkout gear 622, flux container 623, welding blow-dry device 624 and assembly pulley 625 for strip welding mechanism 62, welding exports successively through welding checkout gear 622, flux container 623, welding blow-dry device 624 and be delivered to welding feed mechanism 61 by assembly pulley 625 guide effect from welding strip plate 621; Welding detent mechanism 63 forms primarily of jig 631, location heat-generating pipe 632, positioning heat galvanic couple 633, positioning cylinder 634 and detent mechanism 635; Described welding feed mechanism 61 also comprises cleaning blow needle 619, guiding rectification group 6110, initial point photoelectric sensor 6111, guiding rectification group 6110 is arranged on the end face rear position of upper supporting plate 615, cleaning blow needle 619 is connected by adjutage makes it be arranged on guiding rectification group 6110 side, and adjacent with the jig 631 welding detent mechanism 63.
Use a kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine to carry out the technique of cell piece welding, it is characterized in that: cell piece welding technique comprises the following steps:
1) cell piece is transferred to the jig 631 of welding detent mechanism from automatic feed mechanism by material fetching mechanism 1:
First programming code is inputted, two of automatic feed mechanism feed magazines 40 are filled up cell piece, then feed magazine 40 is installed to the feed position of automatic feed mechanism, monitor feed magazine 40 by the inductor 47 that puts in place whether to be in place, ready rear startup optimization controls, under the driving effect of feed motor, feed screw mandrel 45 promotes cell piece supporting plate 442 progressively lifting, magazine is built in primer also progressively lifting, when control fiber 48 senses that cell piece material exists constantly, feed motor can quit work, cell piece just rests on treats feeding place, wait for feeding, be separated blow needle to blow always and to be separated cell piece simultaneously, avoid occurring the beautiful stickup of cell piece material, repeat the situation of feeding, thus guarantee the normal operation of equipment, secondly the movable plate 543 controlling single axis robot 54 is moved to the left, the material fetching mechanism on movable plate 543 is driven to move to above automatic feed mechanism immediately, feeding sucker 511 down stretches out and draws automatic feed mechanism under cylinder action, the movable plate 543 controlling single axis robot 54 subsequently moves right, and the material movement simultaneously driving material fetching mechanism to draw is to welding detent mechanism 63 place, after the material of one of them feeding magazine takes, control fiber 48 senses cell piece vacancy, feed motor drives feed screw mandrel 45 and cell piece supporting plate 442 to decline rapidly according to programming instruction, when system senses that cell piece supporting plate 442 is returned to origin position, automatic replacing magazine cylinder 43 stretches out then, another magazine is pushed to for material level, after the inductor 47 that puts in place senses that the magazine filling material puts in place, feed motor drives and makes cell piece pallet arrangement 44 lifting continue Charge motion, now take out first feeding magazine and packing material inward, and install back home position, replace during to wait for that the material of second feeding magazine is used up, wait for that when the control fiber 48 of magazine has sensed material feeding is to jig 631 place, and weld detent mechanism 63 pairs of cell piece materials and accurately locate, work with this reciprocation cycle,
2) by pulley motion by welding from being transported to welding detent mechanism 63 for strip welding mechanism 62 through welding feed mechanism 61, step 2) with 1) synchronously carry out:
When welding the inductor on detent mechanism 63 and sensing that jig 631 has a cell piece, detent mechanism 635 can position the cell piece above jig 631, vacuum behind location below jig 631 can be opened, the cell piece completing location is tightly held, meanwhile, welding strip plate 621 for strip welding mechanism 62 provides welding, and under the guide effect of assembly pulley 625, welding is directed to delivery track with assembly pulley 625, thus by way of welding checkout gear 622, flux container 623, welding blow-dry device 624 is to complete detection, soak, dry up the work of welding three step, then arrive welding feed mechanism 61 place, then, cylinder in clamping conveying welding device 612 on welding feed mechanism 61 stretches out and welding is clamped, welding transmits motor 613 and transfers out welding forward, welding arrives jig 631 place of welding detent mechanism 63, to be outputly stop conveying when meeting the welding length of design specification, then the cylinder clamped on shoe 611 stretches out clamping welding, cylinders retract on the welding device of clamping conveying simultaneously 612 has unclamped welding, and welding transmits motor 613 and followed by reversion clamping conveying welding device 612 sent back to and originally send welding place, finally, welding detent mechanism 63 utilizes heat-generating pipe 632 pairs of platforms in location to carry out preheating, first it is positioned when cell piece is put into jig 631, ensure the accurate assigned address of cell piece at welding stage, by the temperature transmission on platform, preheating is carried out to it after positioning, thus temperature difference when flatiron acts on cell piece when reducing heat-sealing, when ensureing to weld, cell piece can not be cracked because of excessive temperature differentials, guarantee the quality of every a slice cell piece, after often having welded a slice cell piece, use cleaning blow needle 619 to blow when cell piece is removed, to the cleaning of jig 631 table top, jig 631 moment is made to keep clean, product quality is guaranteed, also the normal operation of board is ensured, simultaneously jig 631 can adjust according to the cell piece of different model, and also can be adjusted to different positions and be welded on diverse location on sheet to adapt to the cell piece of different model institute, that is the commonality of welding detent mechanism 63 is strong.
3) strip welding mechanism 53 moves in welding detent mechanism 63 and carries out welding operation:
When completing steps 2) time, system continues the instruction performing programming code, the movable plate 543 controlling single axis robot 54 moves, make the jig 631 of strip welding mechanism 53 arrival welding detent mechanism 63 under movable plate 543 drives carries out weld job to cell piece, welding cuts off by the Scissoring device 614 simultaneously on welding feed mechanism 61, pressure welding band motor 591 on strip welding mechanism 53 makes its drive unit 59 and stand apparatus 55 acting in conjunction, weld job is completed under being acted on by heat-generating pipe and heat-sealing head 574 again, the buffer unit 56 simultaneously strip welding mechanism 53 installed is pressed in the pressure on cell piece when can reduce welding, protection cell piece is not cracked when welding because pressure is excessive, and the heat-proof device 58 installed reaches effective effect of heat insulation by heat insulation step by step, effectively protect the element such as initial point inductor 593 and pressure welding band motor 591, after first cell piece welding has welded, pressure welding band motor 591 returns to origin position, and press mechanism entirety and pressure zone cam 592 tangential motion, retract by back-moving spring 563, carry out next cell piece welding weld job, and with this reciprocation cycle action,
4) cell piece jig 631 having completed welding operation is transferred in automatic withdrawing mechanism 7 by material fetching mechanism 2 52:
Drive when single axis robot 54 moves jig 631 to be taken away by cell piece when material fetching mechanism 2 52 and be recycled to the magazine of automatic withdrawing mechanism 7, when material fetching mechanism 1 is delivered to lower a slice cell piece on jig 631 simultaneously, clamping conveying welding device 612 stretches out clamping welding this moment and clamps shoe 611 simultaneously and retract and unclamp welding, then transmission welding process is carried out, then the clamping action of clamping shoe 611 is switched when welding delivers to jig 631, due under the effect of clamping shoe 611, in the process that clamping conveying welding device 612 is gone back, welding can not fall back, ensure that welding send band original position and the cutting knife cutting out mechanism between length do not have any change, thus better ensure that the uniformity of the welding length seen off, work with this reciprocation cycle, complete the welding operation to cell piece, automatic withdrawing mechanism 7 is consistent with the operation principle of automatic feed mechanism, difference is: the feed magazine 40 of automatic feed mechanism automatically changes magazine during cell piece vacancy in magazine, and the rewinding magazine of automatic withdrawing mechanism 7 changes magazine when cell piece is completely deposited in magazine automatically.
The above, it is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not technical scope of the present invention is imposed any restrictions, the technical staff of the industry, under the inspiration of the technical program, some distortion and amendment can be made, every above embodiment is done according to technical spirit of the present invention any amendment, equivalent variations and modification, all still belong in the scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a full automatic solar cell piece welding machine, mainly comprise welding system, work housing and control system, described work housing is the panel beating frame be made up of workbench and working cabined, and be provided with frame outer cover adaptive with it, control system is man-machine complex programmable control system, it is characterized in that: described welding system mainly comprises Automatic-feeding sheet system, transmits tablet system, welding transfer system and automatic withdrawing mechanism;
Described Automatic-feeding sheet system is primarily of automatic feed mechanism and feed magazine composition, and automatic feed mechanism mainly comprises hopper base plate, cell piece is separated blow needle, automatically change magazine cylinder, cell piece pallet arrangement and feed screw mandrel; Hopper base plate bottom surface is provided with linear slide rail, hopper base plate is provided with two adjacent cell piece feed magazines, magazine base plate is movable base plate, cell piece is separated the both sides that blow needle is arranged on feed magazine material taking mouth, and replacing magazine cylinder and hopper base plate lateral connection are done laterally to slide along linear slide rail to drive hopper base plate automatically; Cell piece pallet arrangement forms primarily of fixed leg, cell piece supporting plate, supporting plate lifting column and base plate, cell piece supporting plate, supporting plate lifting column are longitudinally connected from top to bottom with base plate, cell piece supporting plate is arranged on below hopper base plate, and be arranged on the positive corresponding below of feed magazine, and cell piece supporting plate can run through the through hole that hopper base plate offers communicates with feed magazine inside; Feed screw mandrel is arranged on below the base plate of cell piece pallet arrangement, and feed screw mandrel runs through base plate is connected with supporting plate lifting column, is formed when feed screw mandrel moves up or down and can promote supporting plate lifting column and drive cell piece supporting plate to do elevating movement in feed magazine;
Described transmission tablet system is primarily of material fetching mechanism one, material fetching mechanism two, strip welding mechanism, single axis robot and secured adjusted pedestal composition, and wherein material fetching mechanism one, strip welding mechanism are arranged on single axis robot by being fixedly connected with movable plate successively with material fetching mechanism two; Described material fetching mechanism primarily of feeding sucker, sucker sliding seat, sucker bearing and cylinder composition, feeding sucker is nested to be arranged on sucker sliding seat and sucker suction inlet down;
Described strip welding mechanism mainly comprises stand apparatus, buffer unit, heater, heat-proof device and drive unit, described stand apparatus is primarily of main bearing, secondary support plate, intersection slide track seat and pressure welding band sliding seat composition, described drive unit is primarily of pressure welding band motor, pressure zone cam and initial point inductor composition, strip welding mechanism is fixedly mounted on single axis robot by main bearing, pressure welding band motor, main bearing and pressure zone cam are axially connected by universal driving shaft, pressure zone cam bottom profile contacts with secondary support plate top profile, be connected as a single entity form the mobilizable syndeton of secondary support plate by intersecting slide track seat one between one side of secondary support plate with main bearing, the bottom of secondary support plate another side is connected to form the mobilizable syndeton of welding sliding seat by intersection slide track seat two with pressure welding band sliding seat, described heater is primarily of connector, thermocouple, heat-generating pipe and heat-sealing head composition, and heat-generating pipe, thermocouple are connected with heat-sealing head by connector, described heat-proof device forms to reach form of thermal insulation step by step primarily of main thermal insulation board, thermal insulation barriers one and thermal insulation barriers two, wherein main thermal insulation board is arranged on the connector upper end of heater, thermal insulation barriers one is arranged on the junction of secondary support plate and buffer unit, and thermal insulation barriers two is arranged on the junction of stand apparatus and drive unit, described buffer unit forms primarily of buffer spring, cushioning fender and back-moving spring, cushioning fender be arranged on secondary plate level axis place and for pressure welding band sliding seat just to top, between cushioning fender and pressure welding band sliding seat, install buffer spring, back-moving spring is connected on main bearing and secondary support plate simultaneously,
Described welding transfer system primarily of adjacent connection successively for strip welding mechanism, welding feed mechanism and welding detent mechanism composition, for strip welding mechanism and welding feed mechanism, pulley is installed in mechanism respectively and is formed and to lead the welding delivery track linked up transmitted with pulley, described welding feed mechanism mainly comprises clamping shoe, clamping conveying welding device, welding transmits motor, Scissoring device and integrally-regulated pedestal, integrally-regulated pedestal is by upper supporting plate, lower carrier plate, perpendicular support plate and guiding line slide rail composition, perpendicular support plate is vertically mounted on, between lower carrier plate, microscler dead slot is offered in the middle part of upper supporting plate, wherein clamp the end face that shoe is arranged on upper supporting plate, welding transmits the side that motor is arranged on perpendicular support plate, Scissoring device is arranged on the another side of perpendicular support plate, clamping conveying welding device is arranged on the perpendicular support plate side identical with Scissoring device by guiding line slide rail, before and after the welding device of clamping conveying simultaneously, both sides are the welding feeding track be made up of a pair pulley, the first half of welding feeding track is arranged on above upper supporting plate through dead slot.
2. a kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described welding transfer system is arranged in the middle part of work housing workbench, transmit the side that tablet system is arranged on workbench, Automatic-feeding sheet system is arranged on the opposite side adjacent with transmitting tablet system.
3. a kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described automatic feed mechanism also comprises put in place inductor and control fiber, the inductor that wherein puts in place is that feed magazine puts in place inductor, control fiber is arranged on the material mouth place of magazine, can being filled with or open position of induced cell sheet material.
4. a kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the secured adjusted pedestal of described transmission tablet system is fixedly mounted on work housing surface by base bottom, single axis robot is arranged on the top of secured adjusted pedestal, thus makes single axis robot under the bearing pressure effect of secured adjusted pedestal, be arranged on the overhead of work housing.
5. a kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described single axis robot mainly comprises ball screw group, linear slide rail group, movable plate, fixed base plate and servo motor, movable plate is slidably mounted in linear slide rail group, material fetching mechanism one, strip welding mechanism and material fetching mechanism two are by being fixedly connected with movable plate thus being slidably mounted in the linear slide rail group of single axis robot, when material fetching mechanism one slides into left end, feeding sucker at feed magazine material taking mouth just to top, when material fetching mechanism two slides into right-hand member, feeding sucker at rewinding magazine rewinding mouth just to top.
6. a kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: sucker sliding seat and the sucker bearing of described material fetching mechanism are inverted "L" shaped structure, wherein sucker sliding seat is class " ┙ " shape, sucker bearing is class " ┒ " shape, on the nested level board being arranged on sucker sliding seat of feeding sucker, the vertical plate of sucker sliding seat is connected by slide rail with the vertical plate of sucker bearing, the vertical plate of sucker bearing is fixedly mounted on the movable plate of single axis robot simultaneously, cylinder is arranged on the level board top of sucker bearing and is connected to drive sucker sliding seat vertically to slide up and down with sucker sliding seat.
7. a kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the thermocouple of described strip welding mechanism and heat-generating pipe are electrically connected, heat-generating pipe provides heat that heat-sealing head is heated, thermocouple makes heat-sealing head maintain constant temperature by real time temperature measurement, and strip welding mechanism is also provided with the protective cover being arranged on heat-sealing head and connector periphery simultaneously.
8. a kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described welding transfer system, for strip welding mechanism primarily of welding strip plate, welding checkout gear, flux container, welding blow-dry device and assembly pulley composition, welding exports successively through welding checkout gear, flux container, welding blow-dry device and be delivered to welding feed mechanism by assembly pulley guide effect from welding strip plate; Welding detent mechanism is primarily of jig, location heat-generating pipe, positioning heat galvanic couple, positioning cylinder and detent mechanism composition.
9. a kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described welding feed mechanism also comprises cleaning blow needle, guiding rectification group, initial point photoelectric sensor, guiding rectification group is arranged on the end face rear position of upper supporting plate, cleaning blow needle is connected by adjutage makes it be arranged on guiding rectification group side, and adjacent with the jig welding detent mechanism.
10. use a kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine described in claim 1 to carry out the technique of cell piece welding, it is characterized in that: cell piece welding technique comprises the following steps:
1) cell piece is transferred to the jig of welding detent mechanism from automatic feed mechanism by material fetching mechanism one;
2) by pulley motion by welding from being transported to welding detent mechanism for strip welding mechanism through welding feed mechanism, step 2) with 1) synchronously carry out;
3) strip welding mechanism moves in welding detent mechanism and carries out welding operation;
4) cell piece jig having completed welding operation is transferred in automatic withdrawing mechanism by material fetching mechanism two.
CN201510123635.5A 2015-03-20 2015-03-20 A kind of full automatic solar cell piece welding machine CN104741727B (en)

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CN105215502A (en) * 2015-10-08 2016-01-06 中节能太阳能科技(镇江)有限公司 A kind of solar assembly junction box welding equipment and welding method thereof
CN105449034A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-03-30 深圳市米思米自动化设备有限公司 Solar energy battery sheet welding machine and method for welding sheet
CN105499908A (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-04-20 广东科捷龙机器人有限公司 Heat-seal robot for air filter piece of cell cover plate
CN105643165A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-06-08 东莞市星火太阳能科技股份有限公司 Fully-automatic solar battery cell string welding machine
CN106112190A (en) * 2016-07-21 2016-11-16 河北羿珩科技股份有限公司 Solar energy convergent belt bonding machine modular system
WO2018036213A1 (en) * 2016-08-22 2018-03-01 京信通信技术(广州)有限公司 Automatic system and implementation method for welding metal part and coaxial cable
CN110560945A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-12-13 苏州金宸星锐智能科技有限公司 battery piece welding device and using method thereof

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Cited By (7)

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CN105215502A (en) * 2015-10-08 2016-01-06 中节能太阳能科技(镇江)有限公司 A kind of solar assembly junction box welding equipment and welding method thereof
CN105449034A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-03-30 深圳市米思米自动化设备有限公司 Solar energy battery sheet welding machine and method for welding sheet
CN105499908A (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-04-20 广东科捷龙机器人有限公司 Heat-seal robot for air filter piece of cell cover plate
CN105643165A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-06-08 东莞市星火太阳能科技股份有限公司 Fully-automatic solar battery cell string welding machine
CN106112190A (en) * 2016-07-21 2016-11-16 河北羿珩科技股份有限公司 Solar energy convergent belt bonding machine modular system
WO2018036213A1 (en) * 2016-08-22 2018-03-01 京信通信技术(广州)有限公司 Automatic system and implementation method for welding metal part and coaxial cable
CN110560945A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-12-13 苏州金宸星锐智能科技有限公司 battery piece welding device and using method thereof

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